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106, Fulton-etreet. 















B. W. BUDD, M. D., R. H. BROWNE, 


W. GIBBS, M. D. 



Description of five species of Vespertilio 53 

On two species of Molossus 64 

(tn two >j.ccicbi of Plecolus "1 


Description of three new fossils 157 


On tbe genus Sarracenia 9» 


On a new mineralogical Nomeclature 9 


Remarks on the structure and ailinities of the Ccratophyllaceee- ... 41 

Melanthacearum America; septentrionalia revisio ]06 


Description of new species of shells IC9 


On a new species of Woodpecker 489 


< m a new species of Anscr 171 

On a new species of Procellaria 175 


'in a new species of Apus 155 


Monograph of the. genus Passimachus M2 

On Coleoptera indigenous to the eastern and western continents - - . ]. r iR 

In :uc of Geodcphagous Coleoptera of the United States - - - - 17^ 


On the quantity of Rain at different Heights 496 

Meteorological Observations 500 


On the fossil fishes of ConnecticDt and Massachusetts 35 

if some new species of shells 163 

On the characters of Cypreea reticulata and C. histrio 477 

of new species of fiullia and Marginalia 491 


eryoi Vauquelinite in the United States 76 

r North American plants b» 


' i the ippMCSAM of the l'j rrhula cuucleator in the vicinity of New York - 61 

A New Mincralogicai Nomenclature. By James D . 
Dana, A.M. ( Corresponding Member.) 

Read March, 1836. . 

The chief obstacles to the introduction of a systematic 
method of naming the mineral species, have gradually been 
removed during the rapid progress which the science of min- 
eralogy has of late years experienced. The difficulties have 
been still farther diminished by the important aid which 
Chemistry has rendered to mineralogical science, and also by 
the introduction of a natural classification of minerals, for 
which we are indebted to that deservedly distinguished Ger- 
man mineralogist, Mohs. In this arrangement, M. Mohs has 
not wholly relied upon chemical characters ; the exclusive 
adoption of which would have degraded mineralogy from the 
rank of an independent science, and merged it in that of 
chemistry : nor has he depended on physical characters solely ; 
for although the latter are more especially employed, the author 
has throughout been guided to a certain extent by that impor- 
tant source of physical characters, viz. chemical composition. 
A cabinet arranged according to the system of Mohs, presents 
with remarkable clearness, a chain of affinities running through 
the whole, and connecting all the several parts. The Gases 
and Liquids, with which the arrangement commences, are follow- 
ed by the Salts, so disposed as to present an increase in sta- 
bility, hardness, and lustre, as the eye proceeds onward. Among 
the Gems, we arrive at the diamond, in which these characters 
reach their climax. Thence descending in the series, we 
gradually pass through the Metallic oxyds to the Native metals. 
In these, the light-coloured species arc followed by the Sulpfai- 
rets and Arsenids of similar color and lustre, which are suc- 


iu .1 Ncu Minerulopical Nomcnclatun 

cccdcd l>y tl)« • dark-colored metallic sulphurets ; and these p 

nsihly to the sulphurets without a true metallic lustre. 
From the Litter there is a natural transition to Sulphur, and its 
-e allies thi I! s and Coals, with which the scries termi- 
nate:-. I''-. thi- association of sped ing in external 
characters, the attention of the studem is naturally led from 
the bbsi rvatiort of their man. s, to a particular Gen- 
eration of their several peculiarities. An arran at of 
this kind i- necessarily inadequate for the determination of the 
nan,' : it may. however, be an important aid to 
rho have some general acquaintance with the science. 
T nomenclature proposed by Mohs, presents a very uncouth 
appearance when translated from the German into our less 
pliant language ; and is moreover wholly destitute of that con- 
- and i 1« | once which the cmj)loymcnt of the Latin 
upon the nomenclature of botany and 
zoology. To enable the science of mineralogy to participate 
in these advantages, which have exerted such an important 
influence upon the progress of those sciences, has been the 
design of the author in offering the following system of mine- 
ralogical norritenclatui 

Th menl of the species is in general similar to that 

proposed by Mohs, with such alterations as it was suppo 
would tend Still further to exhibit their natural relations. In 

with this view, the order Mi& has ! 

abolished, and thi it comprised r< stored to their true 

con: in other orders. Thi, jeneral characters of the 

ordei- arc thui rendered liable to a few exceptions; but this 
inconvenience, which has thus fai be, n found unavoidable in 
other departments of natural history, is deemed of little con- 
when contrasted with the violation of natural alfihi 
■ otherwise i u ue. 
I rcmatks will sufficiently explain the nine 

< mploy< ,1 in I • • ompanying catalogue. The names of the 
•po i thi primarj form of the mineral, 

A New Mifieralog-ical Nomenclature. 11 


tire occurring form, the peculiarity of its cleavage, or some 
peculiar physical or chemical character. In specifying the 
crystalline form, the following terms have been employed, viz : 
cubicus, when the primary is a cube ; octahedrus, when the re- 
gular octahedron ; dodecahedrus, when the rhombic dodecahe- 
dron ; rhombohedrus, when the rhombohedron ; pyramidalis, 
when an octahedron not regular ; prismaticus, when a prism, 
or more particularly a rhombic or rectangular prism. The 
several right prisms have been designated by a term indicating 
the base of the prism ; thus quadratics, for right square prism ; 
rectangulus, rhombicus, rhomboideus, respectively, for right rec- 
tangular, rhombic or rhomboidal prisms. The term oblxquus 
has been restricted to the oblique rhombic prism, the oblique 
rhomboidal being expressed by the adjective Iriclinatus, in allu- 
sion to the three oblique inclinations of its axes. 

Other more general terms have been occasionally employed, 
depending on the following classification of the primary forms, 
founded on the relations of their axes : 

Class 1. Monomelrica, (fxovoc; one, and fJt-Sffov measure) : includes 
the cube, regular octahedron and rhombic dodecahedron, in which 
the three axes arc equal, or of one kind. 

Class 2. Dimclricu, (Si$ two, and fj.srgov) : includes the right 
square prism and square octahedron, in each of which the axes are 

of two kinds. 

Class 3. Trimctrica, (rps three, and f*smv) : includes the right 
rectangular and rhombic prisms, and the right rectangular and rhom- 
bic octahedrons, in which the three rectangular axes arc; unequal. 

Class 4. Monodiuala, (fJDovqg one, and xXivw to incline) : includes 
the right rhomboidal and oblique rhombic prisms in which one of the 
ihrce axes is obliquely inclined to one of the remaining two. 

Class 5. Triclinaia, (rgis three, and xXivw) : includes the oblique 
rhomboidal prism, in which all three axes intersect at oblique angles. 

Class 6. Tetraxona, (rsrraga four, and "ccgwv axis) : includes 
the hexagonal prism and rhombohedron, which have four axes. 

The relations of the forms, in any one of these classes, is such 
that it may be impossible in some instances, from an entire indis- 

12 A Neva Mineraiogical Nomenclature, 

tinctncsl of the cleavages, t<> determine which one is the primary ; for 
either of the forms in the class Triinetrica (for example) may have 
the other three as secondaries. 

The peculiarities of cleavage have been expressed as follows: 

Acrotomus, faxgov summit, and c5/xvw to cut v[f) : cleavage parallel 
to the base of a prism or octahedron, or to n plane truncating the 
vertex of the rliomhohedron. 

Pcril<>mus. !>out, and t:/xv^;) : cleavage parallel with each of 

the lateral planes. 

Dialomus, (Sia through, and ts(xmu) : cleavage in the direction of a 
diagonal plain . 

DystoMUS, ('hs difficult, and <r£/xvw) : cleavage difficultly obtained. 

Kutomus, (:j easily, and ts/avoj) : cleavage easily obtained. 

The names proposed for the Classes are I. Epigjea, ('£« 77)071, 
and yaix earth) ; II. Entogjea, (Svtos within, and yam) ; III. Hypo- 
ge;e, (uto beneath, and yam) : the first includes the fluids and those 
soluble minerals whose formation is going on at the present time 
from the decomposition of other species, and which therefore are 
necessarily sujh rli rrancous; the second, the species which occur in 
and compose rock-strata, and of which it is therefore appropriately 
said that their native situation is within the earth; ihv third, those 
which have been lite rally buried, as the coals nnd resins. 

The remaining terms will be explained as they arc employed. 

Classis I. EPIGiEA. 

G. uml. 1 3.^. No bituminous odor. Taste of solid individuals 
acul, alkaline, oi saline. 

Claeeii II ENTOGiEA 
f. ibovi 1 9 Ta i' I' 


A Neto Mineralogical Nomenclature. 13 

Classis I. EPIG^EA. 

Ordo 1. Rheutinea (££uto£, fluid.) 
Gaseous or liquid. 

Ordo 2. Sterinea, (rfre^og, solid.) 
Individuals solid. 

Classis II. ENTOGiEA. 

Ordo 1. Halinea, (aXivog, saline.) 

H = l— 5.5. G = 1.S— 3.3. Lustre unmctallic. Streak 

Ordo 2. Barytinea, (§a£u<rr]£, tccight.) 

H=2 — 6. G = 3— 8.1. Lustre unmetallic. 

Ordo 3. Ceratinea, (xs^as, horn;) in allusion to the lustre. 
H = l— 2. G=5.5— 6.5. 

Ordo 4. Osmerinea, ('oC^oj, odorous. ) 

H = l — 3. G=2 — 3.1. Lustre unmetallic. Streak 
uncolored. Odor, when moistened by the breath, 

Ordo 5. Chalicinea, (x"^'£> silex; the species are mostly sili- 
H = 2 — 7. G=2.6— 4. Lustre unmetallic. Streak un- 

Ordo 6. Hyalinea, (uaXivos, glassy ; alludes to the high de- 
grees of lustre.) 
H = 5.5 — 10. G = 2.6 — 4.8. Lustre unmetallic. Streak 

Ordo 7. ScAniNEA, (ovWrof, that which is dug; mcludos the 
oxyds of the metals, the nietullic silicates, and salts 
of metallic acids.) 

H = l— 7. G = 2— b. Color dark red—black. Streak 
colored, unmetallic. 

1.4 A Neic Mineral officii I Nomenclature. 


Ordo 8. Metalline*, (f/,?raXXov, metal ; includes the native 

H = — 5. G = 5.7 — 20. Lustre and Streak metallic. 
Color white or reddish. 

Ordo 9. Ptritinea, (*u£mtj£, pyrites ; includes the light-colored 
metallic sulphurets, arsenids and sclenids.) 

II = 3—0.5. G = 4.0—9.4. Lustre metallic. Color 
white — yellow — reddish. 

Ordo 10. Galinea, (ysXsiv, to shine ; includes the dark-colored 
metallic sulphurets, arsenids, &c.) 

11 = 1—4. G=4.2— S.5. Lustre metallic. Color dark. 

Ordo 11. Adet.inea, ("achjXos, iinmanifesl '; includes the non- 
metallic sulphurets, whose metallic nature is dis- 
guised by the mineralizing ingredient.) 

11 = 1—4. G=3.3.— 5.9. Streak colored. 

Ordo 12. Theuiiea, (deiov, sulphur.) 

H = 1.5 — 2.5. G=2 — 2.1. Streak yellowish-white. 

Classis III. HYrOGiEA. 

Ordo 1. PlTTINEA, (ifirra, pilch.) 
Easily fusible. 

Ordo 2. A.NTHRACINEA, (avOfag, coal.) 


Genus 1. Aer. 


Sp. 1. A. tcrrenus, Carburetted Hydrogen. 

2. A. Hydrogenicus, Hydrogen. 

3. A. Phosphoricus, Phosphuretted Hydrogen. 

4. A. fetidus, Sulphuretted Hydrogen. 

5. A. Azoticus, Nitrogen. 

6. A. atmosphericus, Atmospheric Air. 

7. A. Carbonicus, Carbonic Acid. 

8. A. Sulphurosus, Sulphurous Acid. 

9. A. muriaticus, Muriatic Acid. 

Genus 2. Aqua. 


Sp. 1. A. Iimpida, Water. 


A. Sulphurica, Sulphuric Acid. 

Genus 1. Acidum. 

II- 1—2. G = 1.4—3.7. Taste weak. 

Sp. I. A. Boracicum, Doracic Acid. 

2. A. Ai'senosum, Arsenous Acid. 

Genus 2. Borax. 

H = 2 — 2.5. G=1.7. — 1.8. Taste sweetish- alkaline 
Sp. 1. B. obliquus, Borax. 


A l\ \Lintraloffical Nomenclature. 

Genus 3. Alumen. 

H = 2— 3. G=1.5.— 1.9. Taste styptic 

Sp. 1. A. officinale, Native Alum. 

2. A. volcanicum, 

3. A. Magnesicum, 

4. A. Ammoniacum, 

Magncsia?i Alum. 
Ammonia Alum. 

Genus 4. Natron. 

H=l— 3. G = 1.4—2.2. Taste alkaline. 

Sp. 1. N. Gay-Lussianum, Gay-Lussitc. 

2. N. efllorescens, Natron. 

3. N. permanens, Trona. 

Genus 5. Sal. 

H = 2. G = 2.2— 2.3. Taste purely saline. 

Sp. 1. S. cubicum, 

Common Salt. 

Genus 6. Picralum.* 

H= 1.5—2.5. G-1.4— 2.0. Taste saline and bitta 

Sp. 1. P. Glauberi, 

2. P. Thcnardianum, 

3. P. rhombicum, 

4. P. Reussii, 

•5. 1'. volcanicum, 

G. P. Vcsuvianum, 

7. P. octahedrum, 

8. J*, deliquescens, 
'.). P. tencllum, 

Glauber's Salt. 
Epsom Salt, 
Snl- Ammoniac. 
Nitrate of Magnesia. 
Nitrate of Lime. 

Genus 7. Nitrum. 

H = 1.5 — 2. G = 1.9 — 2.1. Taste coolui" and saline. 

Sp. I. N. iliombohedrum, 
Si N. rhombicum, 

Nitrate of Soda. 
Sit i ate of Potaih. 

• II..,. i, lithr, mid IX| tall I'nr iIk nke <>l cii|>hotiy the aspirate lias been 
Iropp '1 in lli*-' <;oiii|po: -ition of tins and similar words. 

A Neio Mine) alogical Nomenclature. 17 

Genus S. Vitriolum. 

Hi— 2 — 2.5. G = 1.8 — 3.2. Taste astringent and metallic, nauscoue. 

Sp. 1. V. Martiale,* Copperas. 

2. V, hexagonum, White Copperas. 

3. V. parasitic um, Yellow Copperas-. 

4. V. Ctyprium, Blue Vitriol. 

5. V. Zincicum White Vitriol. 

6. V. Cobalticuin, Cobalt- Vitriol. 

7. V. Uranicum, Johannite. 

8. V. bicolor, Botryogen. 

Genus 9. G^alum.! 

H = 2.5— 3.5. C =2.7— 2.9. Taste weak. 

Sp. 1. G. obliquum, Glauherite. 

2. G. columnare, Pohjhalite. 


Genus 1. Astasialus.| 

H = 1.5 — 2. G = l — 2.5. Decomposed in the flame of a candle. 

Sp. 1. A. phytogeneus,§ Oxalate of Lime. 

Genus 2. Cryalus.|| 

H=2.25 — 2.5. G=2.9 — 3. Fusible in the flame of a caudle. 
■Sp. 1. C. fusilis, Cryolite. 

* The salts of iron were termed Martial by the alchemists, from MaTS, the 
-alchemistic name of iron. 

t TaXa, earth, and a>?, salt, in allusion to the composition and slight solubility 
•of the species. 

X "AerTorof, unstable; alludes to the facility with which the species is decomposed. 

() ftvToytvcos, originating from plants ; the species is supposed to be of vege- 
table origin. 

li Kpvoi, ice, and SAs, salt ; from the ready fusibility of the mineral. 



A New Mineralogical Nomenclature. 

Sp. 1. 

Sp. 1. 

Genus 3. Aluminus. 

H=5. G ^2.7—2.8. 
A. rlioinbohcdrus, Alum- Stone 

Genus 4. 

H = 4_5.5 
F. pyramidalis, 

F. octahedrus, 
F. hexagonus, 
F. obliquus, 

F. rhombicus, 
F. Childrcnii, 


G=2.9— 3.4. 

Fluor- Spar. 



Genus 5. Astralus.* 

H = 3.5 — 4. G = 2.3 — 2.4. Mostly stcllularhj and hem/ spherically columnar. 
Sp. 1. S. rhombicus, Wavellite. 

Genus G. GvrsALUs.t 

11 = 1.5 — 30. G— 2.3 — 3. One or more rlcaragcs very perfect and easily; 

Sp. 1. 


Sp. 1. 


G. stcllatus, 
G. rhombicus, 
G. rhomboidcus, 
G. rectangulusj 
G. Cobalticus, 
G. fusilis, 







Genus 7. Calcius.I 

H = 2.5— 4. G = 2.5— 3.3. Contain lime. 
C. rhombohedrus, Calcareous Spar. 
C. rhombicus, 
C. Dolomaei, 
C. decoloraus, 


An her he. 

Genus 8. Magnesialus. 

H = 1—4.5. 

G=2.5 — 3.2. Contain magneiia. 

Sp. 1. M. rliombohedrus, 
2. M. fibrosus, 

■i. M. pulvercus, 

Rhomb Spar. 



rpov, a star. 
I Pi i/«»j lime, and 8X( salt. 

1 Uulx, 1 1 mi , 

A New Mirteralogical Nomenclature ID 



Genus 1. Baralus.* 

H = 2.5 — 4. G=3.3 — 4.8. Streak uncolorcd. Contain slrontia or baryta. 

Sp. 1. . B. rubefaciens,f Strontianitc. 

2. B. prismaticus, Celestine. 

3. B. obliquus, Baryto-calcitc. 

4. B. fusilis, Witherite. 

5. B. rhombohedrus, Drcclite. 

6. B. ponderosus. Heavy spar. 

Genus 2. Spanialus.| 

H=4— 5. G = 3.4— 4.8. 

Sp. 1. S. hexagonus, Fluorine. 

2. S. dodecahedrus, Subsesquijluate of Cerium. 

3. S. quadratus, Carbonate of Cerium. 

4. S. Wollastonii, Silicate of Cerium. 

5. S. octahedrus, Microlite. 

6. S. rhombicus, Yttro-cerite. 

7. S. peritomus, Xenotitne. 

Genus 3. Scheelius. 

H=4— 45. 6=6—6.1. 
Sp. 1. S. pyramidalis, Tungstate of lime. 

Genus 4. Stimmius.'^ 

H=2.5 — 3. G = 5.5 — 5.6. Contain antimony. 

Sp. 1. S. rhombicus, White antimony. 

Genus 5. Bismutaltjs. 

H=3 — 4.5. G = 5.9 — 6.1. Contain bismuth. '. 
Sp. 1. B. ochraceus, Bismuth- Ochre. 

2. B. dodecahedrus, Bismuth-Blende. 

Genus 6. Zincaltjs. 

H=2.5 — 5.5. G = 4.3— 4.5. Contain zinc. 
Sp. 1. Z. rhombohedrus, Calamine. 

2. Z. peritomus, Electric Calamine. 

3. Z. acrotomus, Willcmite. 

4. Z. diatomus, Hopeitc. 

* Bapoj, weight, and S\g, salt. t In allusion to its tinging flame red. 

% Emptor, rare, and aXj ; the species are salts of two rare minerals, cerium 
and yttrium. 

$ Lrt'/j/ii, antimony. 


A New Mineralogiccd Nomenckuun 

Genus 7. Marantalus,* 

H=3— 6. G=3— 39. 

' darkened on exposure. 
and iron. 

Contain hkhi^w 

£>p. I. M. rhombohedrus. 

2. INI. rhombieus, 

3. M. decrepitans, 

4. M. quadratus, 

5. M. Fresnii, 

6. M. fusilis, 

Genus 8. Arealus.I 
H=1.5— 5. Ci=2.6— 3.8. Contain iron. 
Cube Ore. 
Chenoc&prolite. JA 

Spathic Iron. 






S'p* 1. A. cubicus, 

2. A. trimetricus, 

3. A. Argentiferus, 

4. A. rhombieus, 

5. A. radiatus, 

6. A. rhomboideus, 

7. A. divcrgens, 

8. A. rhombohedrus, 



I ivianite. 




9. A. foliaceus, 

Genus 9. Cobaltalus. 

H = 15 — 2. G = 3. Color some shade of red. Contain cobalt 
Sp. 1. C. rubellus, Cobalt-Bloom. 

Genus JO. Cronalus:$ 

Color irhi/r, green, blue, or red. Contain IcaS 

White Lead. 
( 'orncous Lead. 
C< rasite. 
Ltcadhittitt . 
Plumbo-rcsiniu ■ 


Molybdute <>/' Lead, 
nadatc of Laid. 

• Mafmtwt, to fait, alluding to ih< change of coloi the apcciea undergo on 

) A . 1/ . Ik ini lie nam ol n and 5Xs, salt. 

| h turn, the alchemiflic nami ■ •! lead, and SAf, salt. 

H=2— 4 5 

G=5.3— S.l. Color u 

Sp. 1. 














aero torn us. 















hexagon us, 


\ur. 1 . speciosus, 


\;ir. 2. alliact u . : . 




1 I. 



A New Mineral <>l>; kal Nomenclatuj , 


Sp. 15. C. ponderosus, 

16. C. hyacinthus, 

17. C. rubeus, 

18. C. Vauquelini, 

19. C. diatomus, 

20. C. rhomboideus, 

21. C. ocbraceus, 

Genus 11 
H = l— 4.5. G=2.5— 4.3. 

Sp. 1. C. acrotomus, 

2. C. coeruleus, 

3. C. vulgaris, 

4. C. amorpbus, 

5. C. rhombohedrus, 

6. C. speciosus, 

7. C. concentricus, 

8. C. rectangulus, 

9. C hemihedrus, 

10. C. dystomus, 

11. C. acicularis, 

12. C. exbalans, 

13. C. foliaceus, 

14. C. decrepitans, 

Tungstale of Lead. 

Chromalc of Lead. 




Cupreous AngJesite. 


. Cypralus.* 

Color green or blue. Contain topper 


Blue Malachite. 

Green Malachite. 






Pseudo-malach ite. 





Copper-Froth . 

Genus 12. 
H=2— 2.5. 

Sp. 1. U. prasinus, 
2. U. Herreri, 

Genus 13. 
H=2— 3. G = 3.1- 
Sp. 1. U. ochraceus, 
2. U. quadratus, 


Contain nickel. 

Nickel Green. 


-3.2. Contain uranium 

U rani c ochre. 
\J ramie. 

Genua Ceratus. 

H = l— 2. G =5.5— 6.5. 

Sp. I. C. cubicus, Horn Silver. 

2. C. quadratus, Horn Quichilver. 

3. C. foliatus, 

Iodic Silver 


KvTrpoj, copper, and SXs, salt. 

22 1 Veto Mineraloeical Nomenclature. 


Genua I. Hydrous. 

II 1—3 5. Q= 1.4— 2.1. Fusion difficult— infusibh 

Sp. 1. N. cerinusjt Halloylite. 

2. II. argilliformis, Kollyrtie. 

3. II. adhaeFens, Scarbrovte. 
■1. II. pyrosmicus,} Pyrargillite. 
5. II. GibbaiaDiiSi Gibbsite. 

(I. II. tinciua, Allojphanc. 

< renua 2. ( >phitis.§ 

11 2—1 G 2.5—2.9. 

Sp. 1. (). communis] Serpentine. 

2. <). Ggularis, Agalmatolite. 

3. ( ). reniformis, Kerolite. 

( renua ; i. Stylus. || 

H 2 — 3. G=2.6. — 2.8 In prisma of six oi I sitfe*. 

Sp. 1. B. hexagonua, Pinite. 

2. S. acroiomii.s Fahlunite. 

Genua I. Nematus.*U 

11^2—3. (J 2.3—2.7. Delicately coin m, m, 

Sp. 1. N. rectangulua, Picrosmine. 

2. \. Bcopiformia, Osmelite. 

'3. N. gracilia, Nemalite. 

Genua 5. Maeoaritus. ## 

II 1.6—3 <• 2—3.1. Lamellar. 

Bp. 1. M. Magneaicua, Va< - Magnesia. 

2. M. aaponaceua, 7'<//r. 

► V . ■ , tester ; rcferi t<> the large proportion of water in the species, 
•t Wucy, iii illusion t" its Lustre. 

'. \\ ilnr. 

<) An old ii.Tiin- hi serpentine, derived from the Greek, tyis, </ make. 

II Lrix„(, /I column, in uIIumoii in ill*- Iii \agonally prismatic fnnuH presented 
5 Nn,!,!, a thread ; rcfoi olumnar strnctarfl of the species. 

| 'i"/ ; alluili :■ to l: 

A New Mineralogical Nomenclature. 


Genus 1. Mica. 

H=2— 4.5. G = 2.&— 3.1. Structure highly foliated. 

Sp. 1. M. margarina*, Margaritc. 

2. M. hexagona, Black Mica. 

4. INI. obliqua, Common Mica. 

Genus 2. PHYLLiNius.t 

H=3.5— 6. G = 2.6— 3.4. Structure foliated. 
Sp. 1. P. Schilleri, Schiller Spar. 

2. P. aereus, Bronzite. 

3. P. Seybertianus, Scybcrtite. 

4. P. metallinus, Hyperstlicnc. 

Genus 3. Vulcanus.* 

G=2 — 2.7. Species volcanic or amygdaloidal, sometimes granitic. 

H = 3.5— 6. 

Sp. 1. V. rhomboideus, 

2. V. fascicularis, 

3. V. Thomsonianus, 

4. V. hemiquadratus, 

5. V. rhombicus, 

6. V. peritomus, 

7. V. crispans, 

8. V. stramineus, 

9. V. tenax, 

10. V. acutus, 

11. V. Brewsterianus, 

12. V. flabelliformis, 

13. V. Comptonianus, 

14. V. quadratics, 

15. V. efilorescens, 

16. V. gemellus, 

17. V. Philipsianus, 

18. V. cubicus, 

19. V. dodecahedru.s, 

20. V. trapezohedrus, 

21. V. rhombohedrus, 

22. V. Levyanus, 

23. V. exfolians, 

24. V. dystomus, 







Dy schistic. 











L< ucite. 



Gmelinitt . 


* Alludes to the pearly lustre. 

t $v\\ov, a leaf, in allusion to the foliated structure of the species. 

X Refers to the occurrence of the species in rocks of igneous origin. 


A Neiii Mi ita <i!<>gical Nomenclature. 

Genus 1. Ceasistylus.* 

H— 6 — 6.5. t» =2.3 — 3. Color light-green; colorless. Commonly hot ryoidal. 

Sp. 1. ('. acrotomus, Prchnitc. 

Genua 5. Nephrus. 

H = 5.5— 7. G=2.9— 3.4. Massive. 

Sp. 1. N. amorphus, Nephrite. 

2. y. peritomus, Saussurite. 

Genus G. Petalus. 

H=6— 6.5. G -'2.4—2.5. Massive. 

Sp. 1. P. rhombicus, Pctaliic. 

(lenus 7. Lazulus. 
H = 5 — 6. G— 2.8 — 3.1. Color blue or green. Cleavage indistinct. 

Sp. 1. L. amorphus, 

2. L. rhombicus, 

3. L. tricllnatus, 

( renus 8. 

II ^4—0.5. 

Sp. 1. S. taixagonum, 

2. S. Herschellianum, 

3. S. oleaceum, 

4. S. opalescens, 

5. S. ortl)i)!oinuni,t 
ft. S. penicillin), 

7. S. triclinatura, 

8. S. \ c-ii\ ianum, 
!». S. roseuni] 

10. S. quadratura, 

11. S. ( rehlenianutn, 

12. S. rolcanicum, 


Blue Spar. 

G=2. 1—3.1. 






l\ ricline. 

Albih . 

Anal hid ■-. 




(iisnii'ilihiii . 


( renus !>. 

II 5.6- 

S|>. 1. S. decolorac , Manganese- Spar. 

2. S. rhombohedrus, 
; ;. ■'>. S. renlformis, 


» K • i • /" I a column, in allusion to the resemblance to a 

biokeo column, often presented by the crystali "t iln* specie*. 

f '< '■', and ■',■■ •■ I ■ leave, refers to the fact, that its two cleavage* 

•re- at rifjht angles *\ith ooc soother. 

A New Mineralogical Nomenclature. 


Genus LO. Augitus. 

H=5— 7. 

G=2.9— 4. ■ 

&P+ 1. 



Tabular Spar. 




























Cummin gtonite. 






















Genus 1. Andalusius. 
H=7— 7.5. G=3. 1—3.2. 
:Sp. I. A. prismaticus, Andalusite. 

Genus 2. Epimecius.* 

!H = 6 — 7. G=3.1 — 3.7. Crystals usually long arul slender. Color blue- 
brown — white. 

Sp. 1. E. cyaneus, Kyanite. 

2. E. dissiliens,f Dias-porc. 

3. E. Sillimanianus, Sillimanite. 

4. E. Bucholzianus, Bucholzite. 

Genus 3. Turmalus. 

H=6.5— 8. G = 3.— 3.4. 

Color black — dark-brown — dark-blue — green- 
red — white. 

Sp. 1. T. rhombohedrus, Tourmaline. 

Genus 4. 

H=7.5— 8 G=2.8— 3.1. 

Sp. 1. B. hexagonus, 

2. B. rhomboideus, 

3. B. rhombohedrus, 


( 'olor green — bluish — colorless. 




* 'En^/j/ivjj, very long. 

t Flying in pieces ; alludes to the action under the blowpipe. 

VOL. IV. 4 

~0 I A M- oil Nomenclatun . 

in- 5. Sapphiri 

II 7.5—9 G 3.5—1 6 

Sp. 1. S. rectangula, Ch ryl. 

2. S. octabedra, icl. 

3. S. eutoma, Automolite. 

1. S. infm ili Dyslui 

S. rhombohedra, phire. 

( lenus 6. Adam.* 

ii 10 -:s.i; 

Sji. I. A. octahedrus, Diamond. 

QUS 7. Topazius 

H=8. (.: :J I— 3 G. 

Sp. I. 'I 1 . rhombicus, az. 

2. T. Vesuvianus, Forsterite. 

( renUS 8. ChRYSOUTHUS. 

II 6.S— 7.5. «; 3.3.-3.5. 
Sp. I . < '. n ctangulus, ysolite. 

2, C. obliqu Ligurite. 

( renua '■>. Hyalus. 

II 5.6—7. G 2—3.3. 

S]>. 1. II. bicolor, Tolite. 

2. \\. acutu Axinite. 

:;. II. rhombohedrus, Quartz. 

1. II. opalinus, Opal. 

5. II. Vulcani, Obsidian. 

c. II. sphserulus, Syhcendiu. 

"i . II. I'ii -riferus, uopyre. 

( lenus 10. Boracius. 

II , . ( , 2.9 3 C ../'//.v ///' I ■ hitt n 

gp, i. B. hemihedi Boracitc. 

< Jenua I I . < Jarbunculi . 

Ii 5.9—4.8. 

Bp. I . ' '. bcmihedi //- Ivin. 

C. <iljlii|ii- Brucite. 

. < '. acrotomu Humiti , 

\. C. dimotricu Idocra 

A New Mirieralogical Nomenclature. 



5p. 5. C. dodecahedrus, Garnet. 

G. C. quadratus, Zircon. 

7. C. rhombobedrus, Eudialyte. 

8. C. decussatus,* Staurotide. 

9. C. rhombic us, Os&ranite. 



Genus I. 
H^3.5— 7. G=3.2— 6. 

1. R. Brucii, 

2. R. quadratus, 

3. R. obliquus, 

4. R. pyramidalis, 

5. R. Brookianus, 
G. R. octahedrus, 
7. R. dystomus, 


Color dark-red — hrownish-btack. 

Red Zinc Ore. 





Rea\ Copper Ore. 


Genus 2. Jovius.f 

H = 6 — 7. G = C.5 — 7.1. Contain tin. 

Sp. 1. J. quadratus, Tin Ore. 

Genus 3. Ceritus. 

H=5.5 — 6. G = 3.1 — 3.2. Contain cerium. 

Sp. 1. C. rhombobedrus, Cerite. 

2. C. rhombic us, 

Genus 4. 

H = 2.5— 6.5. G 

Sp. 1. M. triclinatus, 

2. M. Thoriferus, 

3. M. acicularis, 

4. M. (lammans, 

5. M. obliquus, 
G. M. Laugieri, 
7. M. Mengianus, 


-2.1 — 5.6. Color brown — black 






Titaniferotu Cerite. 

„ Eschynite. 

• Crossed like the letter X ; alludes to the commonly cruciform crystallization 
of this species. 

t Red and shining. 

X From Jupiter, the alchemistic name of tin. 

§ MtXas, Uack, and <f>at6s, brown. 

28 A New Mineralogical Nomenclafurt. 

Sp. B. M. quadratus, (Erstedite. 

9. M. rectangulus, Polymignite. 

( m nu> 5. Columbus. 
H = 5.5 — 6. G=5.8. — 8. Contain columbium 

Sp. 1. C. hemiquadratus, Fergusonite. 
2. C. Berzelii, Yttro-Colnmbite. 

'■',. C. rectangulus, Columbtic. 

Genus 6. r ramus. 

H=5.5. G = 6.1 — G.5. Contain uraniumr. 
Sp. 1. U. amorphus, Pitchblende. 

Genus 7. Wolframius. 

H=5 — 5.5. G = 7.1 — 7.4. Contain tungsten. 

Sp. 1. W. rectangulus, Wolfram, 

( Senus S. Maxganus. 

H=l — 6.6. 0=3.1 — 4.9. Contain manganese. 

Bp. 1. M. acretomus, Ihtusnwiinttr. 

2. M. peritomus, Braunitc. 

'-i. M. informis, Psilomelane. 

4. M. Cupriferus, Cap/cows Manganese. 

5. ML rhombicus, Manganife. 
«'.. M. prismaticus, Pyrohtske. 

~t . M. Cobalticus, Earthy Cobalt* 

-. fcf. terrenus, fFod. 

< icnus !». SlDEIlUS.* 

II 1 — (i.5. <• 5 8 —5 :t. Contain iron 

Sj». 1. S. Chromicus, C%rorotc Zron. 

2. S. fibrosu Crocidolke. 

H. S. Elisingeri, Hisingerite. 

4. S. rhombicus, J i »&< • 

- r >. S. Ii:rm:ilirus,t BrOWJl TrOtl (h>. 

6. S. rhorabohedrtu, Specular Iron. 

7. S. octahedrus, Magnetic Iron Ore. 

5. S. Zinciferus, Franklinite. 

4 ' A o ■'//. in illamoD i I tlw i"'\v<l< -r 

A New Mhicralocrical Nomenclatun . 29 


Sp. 9. S. acrotomus, Crichtonitc. 

10. S. Mohsianus, Mohsite. 


Genus 1. Ferrum. 
Sp. 1. F. octahedrum, Iron. 

Genus 2. Platinum. 
Sp. 1. P. cubicum, Platinum. 

Genus 3. Iridium. 
Sp. 1. I. hexagonum, Iridium. 

Genus 4. Palladium. 

Sp. 1. P. octahedrum, Palladium. 

2. P. rhombicum, Selen-palladilc. 

Genus 5. Aurum. 

Sp. 1. A. cubicum, Gold. 

2. A. rhombicum, Auro-tellurite. 

Genus 6. Argentum. 
Sp. 1. A. octahedrum, Silver. 

Genus 7. Hydrargyrum. 

Sp. 1. H. fluidum, Mercury. 

2. H. dodecahedrum, Amalgam. 

Genus 8. Plumbum. 
Sp. 1. P. octahedrum, Lead. 

Genus 9. Bismutum. 

Sp. 1. B. octahedrum, Bismuth. 

2. B. Argenticum, Bismuth- Si lv>r. 

Genus 10. Cuprum. 
Sp. 1. C. octahedrum, Copper. 


( !< r,u. . 1 1 . Tellurium. 

Sp. I. T. hexagonum, Tellurium, 

'in- L2. Stibium. 

Sp. I. S. rhombohedrum, Antimony. 

2. S. rhombicum, Antimonial Silver 

< irini- L3. Arsenium. 

Sp. I • \. rhombohedrum, - lrs< nic. 


Genus 1. 

II 4—5.5. G 6-9.4. 

Sp. 1 • A. Argentt u 

2. A. eutomus, 

3. A.. h( \ gonus, 
1. A. cupricolor, 
-"). A. Mdli'inaniii, 
G. A. decrepitans, 

A. acrotomus, 

8. A. peritomu . 

9. A. octahedrus, 
In. \. bemi-cubicu 
II. A. ECarsteni, 

l -.'. \. cubicus, 
l :;. \. VIan{ ani< 

( Jem 
II • G 1.5 















cubicu . 

midali ; , 
capillai i -. 


white, or slightly reddish. 
. Irst nical Silvt r. 
Wickel-Stibii . 

uimonial Nickel. 
( '"j'ji< r-Nickcl. 
White Nickel. 
Nich l-Glam 
Li ucojyyrite. 

Small i in -. 


T' rarsi nid of C<i/>a/t. 

( 'obaltic Pyrites. 

. Irscnid of Manganesi . 


' <.s/i — yellow. 
Magnetic Pyriti , 

// lull I /<>ll- I '///< 

1 1 ■ rtrPyrites. 
„ Irsenid of ( 'oppi r. 
I aricgatcd Pyri 
( '"jijn r-Pyrites. 
( 'apillary Pyrites. 


tarniah the mineral speedily assumes on 


.1 New Mineralogical Nomenclature. 31 

Genus 1. Cyprites.* 

H=2.5— 4. G =4.3— 5.8. Contain copper. 

Sp. 1. C. cubicus, Tin-Pyrites. 

2. C. tetrahedrus, Gray Copper. 

3. C. rectangulus, JBournonite. 

4. C. dodecahedrus, Tennantite. 

5. C. rhombicus, Vitreous Copper. 

Genus 2. Lunites.+ 

H= 1.5— 1.4. G = 5.5— 8.5. Contain silver. 

Sp. 1. L. Selcnicus, Eucairitc. 

2. L. Cupricus, Stromeyerite. 

3. L. dodecahedrus, Vitreous Silver. 

4. L. Telluricus, Telluric Silver. 

5. L. Auricus, Graphic Tellurium. 

6. L. rhombohedrus, Polybasite. 

7. L. rhombicus, Brittle Silver Ore. 

8. L. peritonitis, Antim. Sulpkuret of Silver. 

9. L. Molybdicus, Molybdic Silver. 





H = 2— 3.5. G = 


-5.8. Contain antimony. 




Gray Antimony. 
Berth 'icrife. 












Arsenical Antimony 

Genus 4. Plumbites. 

H=1.5— 3. G = 6.8— 8.5. Contain lead. 

Sp. t. P- cubicu.-, Galena. 

CobalticiiH, CoBaltic Galena. 

Selenicus, Clausthalite. 

* Kun-poj, copper. 

t From Luna, thu alchemislic name ol il. 

t Avkos, a wolf; gray antimony was called " lupus metallorum," liy the alche- 








A \ M\ ineralogical Nomenclature, 

Genus 5. Elasmites.* 

11 1—1.6. (i 1 2. — 82. Structure foliated. 

Sp. 1. H. quadratus, 

Foliated Tellurium. 

•.'. El. rhombicusi 
3. E. rhomboideus, 
•1. E. bexagonus, 

S rnbergite. 
Flexible Silver. 

( reOUS G. BlSMlTES.t 
H — S— 8.5 6=6.1 — 7.6. Viri/ fusible. Contain bismuth. 

Sulphuret of lit smut It. 
Actcular Bismuth. 
Telluric Bismuth. 

Sp. l. T>. rectangulus, 
■'.. B. acicularis, 
3. B. rhombohedrus, 

( reous 7. X INCITES. 

G— 5.5. — 50. Contain zinc. 

Sp. 1. '/'• flamraans, Rionitc. 

Genus 1. Aparpia.J 

II 3.5— 4. (J =3.9— 4.1. 

gp, I. A. cubica, 

l. A. dodecahedra, 


( renua 2. Cerasia.^ 

II 1 — 1.5. G=4 5 — 1.6. 

8p. I. ('. rhomboidea, Red Antimony. 

( renua ">■ Eli bblla. 

II J— 2.6 G 5.8— 8.1. 

Sp. L. R. (ililiijua, Miargyrite. 

:!. Ik. ili(iinltoli( ili.i. Ihirli-lli </ Si/n r. 

3. i;. florida, Light-Red Silver 

1. EL peritomai Cinnabar. 

* i mi tui 

■hIii! from b . which ia derived from biamutani, the 1-aiin of 

• ith 
1 A' > the difficulty of reducing the species to the me- 

tillir Hi 

s Ccrisu-, tkt < ; iii illation to the color. 

A New Mnicralogical Nomenclature. 33 

Genus 4. Euchroa.* 

H= 1.5—2. G = 3.4— 3.7. 

Sp. 1. E. rubella, Realgar. 

2. E. a urea, Orpiment. 


Genus 1. Sulphur. 
Sp. 1. S. pyramidalis, Native Sulphur. 


Genus 1. Mellis. 

H=2 — 2.5. G=1.5 — 1.6. Transparent — translucent. Color light. 
Sp. 1. M. pyramidalis, Mellile. 

Genus 2. Succinum. 

H=2 — 2.5. G=l — 1.1. Transparent — translucent. Color light. 

Sp. 1. S. Electrum, Amber. 

Genus 3. STEATUS.t 

G=0.65. Whitish. Crystalline. 

Sp. 1. S. acicularis, Scheererite. 

Genus 4. Bitumen. 

H=0 — 2.5. G = 0.3 — 1.2. Amorphous. Solid individual* opaqut , m sub 


Sp. 1. B. fragrans, Retinite. 

2. B. flexile, Mineral-Caoutchouci 

3. B. commune, Bitumen. 

* Et>'xpoo$, finely colored. i ^artap,fat. 

VOL. IV. 5 

34 A New Mineralogical Nomenclature. 

( renoa 1. Anthrax. 

Lust ir unmet allic. 

Sp. I. A. bituminosiiS) Bituminous Coal. 

-'. A. lapideus, Anthracite. 

Genus 2. Plumbago. 
Lustre metallic. 

Sp. 1. I*, scriptoria, Graphite. 

Fossil Fishes of Connecticut and Massachusetts, ivith a notice 
of an undcscribed genus. By John Howard Redfield, 
Member of the Lyceum. 

Read December 12, 1836. 

With the exception of the teeth and vertebrae of sharks, 
found in the cretaceous formation of the Atlantic coast, the 
fossil remains of fishes hitherto discovered in the United States, 
have, for the most part, been confined to the new red sandstone 
of the Connecticut river valley. Through this formation 
they are very generally diffused, having been found at Sun- 
derland, West-Springfield, and Deerfield, in Massachusetts? 
and at Glastenbury, Middletown, Berlin, and Durham, in 
Connecticut.* They are in most cases found in the bituminous 
shale, which, in character, sometimes approaches a mica- 
ceous sandstone. These interesting remains have not, how- 
ever, received that degree of attention to which they are en- 
titled from their importance in a geological point of view. Few 
attempts have been made to determine their species, and such 
accurate published descriptions as might serve for a comparison 
with European ichthyolites, have been entirely wanting. This 
circumstance, however, will not excite surprise, when we reflect 
that the fossil fishes of Europe, though found in all her museums 
and collections, have, until lately, been for the most part ne- 
glected and undescribed. Before we can venture to pronounce 
upon the distinctive character of the natural productions of a 
new world, we must, of course, be acquainted with those of the 
old ; and it is for this reason, that in the course of investigation, 

* I have latelv been informed that Professor Shepard has discovered fossil 
fishes at Southbury, Connecticut, in the small basin of red sand stone, which 
forms part of the valley of the Housatonic. 

/ h i 

wo must so often relj upon transatlantic naturalists, for a foun- 
dation on which to build our labors. 

In the third volume of the American Journal of Science. 
Professor Silliman has described a locality of ichthyolites at 
Westfield, the western parish of Rfiddletown, Conn., and also 
s tates thai a specimen from this place, which he sent to Brong- 
niart. was recognized by the latter as a species of the Palao- 
thrissum of Blainville. In die sixth volume of the American 
Journal] and also in the " Report upon the (leology of Massa- 
chusetts," Professor Hitchcock has described the locality of 
Sunderland, and has driven figures of two or three species found 
at this place, which he says probably belong to the penus Par 
laothrissum. In neither of these notices are we furnished with 
any distinctive description of the fishes ; hut the figures of Pro- 
f! ssor Hitchcock serve to show that their originals are referable 

lo two genera widely distinct. 

Dr. I»'l.:_.. some yi ace, read a paper before this so- 

ciety, upon the fossil fishes of Westfield, in w hich lie pointed out 
the close affinity hetween tlie former and the existing Esox OSSCI/s^ 
or the L< [iix:st< us of French authors. 'This paper has never 
been published. 

Pr< assiz, well known for his valuable labours in this 

departmenl of natural science, has, in his greal work now in 

n e of publication, described buf two species of fossil fishes 
from the United States, and these d< criptions are founded, m 
pot, upon the drawings <>( Profe or Hitchcock, to which we 

have alluded, an 1 in pail upon single specimens of each which 

had found their wa\ to Europe. 'The first of these is seen in 
. !<;, plate 11, of Hitchcock's Report, and Is referred bj 

\ iz tO his genUS PaleCOnisCUS, under the name ol I', /'////lis, 

imprehending in this 'j< mis, both the Palaoniscum and ror 

laothri "m of Blainville. The other species described is seen 

in fi . U> and LS of the same plate, and ignated as Eury. 

To this species I shall have occasion again to 

M I 

of Connecticut and Massachusetts. y? 

Most of the specimens accompanying this communication were 
found about four miles S. W. of Middletown, at a spot known 
by the local name of " Saw Mill Hollow." The remaining 
specimens are from a locality about five miles north of the latter 
in the parish of Westfield. The latter sectional name has some- 
times been confounded with Westfield, Mass., at which place I 
am not aware that any ichthyolites have been found, although 
its geological character differs little from that of the other towns 
of the Connecticut river valley. In the locality first mentioned, 
the bituminous shale in which the fishes are found occurs inter- 
stratified with the sandstone, and is exposed to view at the bottom 
of a ravine, twenty or thirty feet in depth, which has been ex- 
cavated by the action of a small stream. The strata both here 
and at Westfield are nearly horizontal. Some layers of the shale 
abound, not only in remains of fishes, but also in those of vege- 
tables, apparently endogenous, while others are nearly destitute 
of both. The substance of the fish, as well as that of the vege- 
table, is converted into carbonaceous matter, and it is observ- 
able that while the form of the scales and rays is perfectly and 
beautifully preserved, there are no traces of the bones remaining. 
According to Agassiz, this is almost universally the case with 
the individuals of the family Lepidoides, to which these belong. 

The specimen, No. 9,* is a large well marked individual of 
the Palcconiscus fultus, Agass. a species characterized by the 
size and strength of the anterior accessory rays of the fins. 
No. 10 is probably referable to the same species. 

The specimens numbered 1, 2, 3, and 4, with probably 
most of the fragments accompanying them, are entirely distinct 
from the above, and constitute a genus hitherto undescribed, 
presenting the following characters : 

Dodij fusiform, covered with rhomboidal scales, which ex- 
tend obliquely across it, and parallel with its length. Scales 

* The numbers refer to specimens now in the collection of the Lyceum, 

38 Fossil F hes 

middling size. Head rather small, presenting a finely granu- 
lated surface resembling Bhagreen. Back but slightly arched. 
Pectoral fins middling. Ventral small, inserted midway be- 
tween pectoral and anal. Anal large. Dorsal middling, situ- 
ated opposite the posterior part of the anal. Tail forked, equi- 
lobed.* Scale* extending a little upon the base of the upper 
lobe. All the fins have a series of raylets inserted obliquely 
upon the first or anterior ray, producing a serrated or denticu- 
late appearance. In this species these raylets are very fine 
and close, presenting a strong contrast with those of the ]'</- 
taoniet us fultiu, where they are so long and stout as to render 
the term serrate inapt. The succeeding rays have an articulate 
appearance, nnd are finely subdivided toward their extremities. 
The following list of the number of rays in each fin may serve 
to give an iil< a of their relative size : 

Pectoral, lame and strong, 10 to 12. 

Ventral, - - - about 8. 

Dorsal, ----- 10 to 1 2. 

Anal, ----- 20 to 30. 

< audal, - - - - - 30 to 40. 
A remarkably perfect specimen of this species, from the same 
locality, is now in possession of the Yale .Natural History So- 
ciety, al .New Haven, and is represented in Plate I.t 

[nthe arrangement of Agassiz, the fish described above would 
be comprehended in the order Ganmdesy and family Lepir 
doides. h- equilobed tail would assign il to the second di- 
vision of the family, the Homoccrci, as he has termed them. 
Prom seven fusiform genen w arranged in this division ii is 

'l i. indeed is not *i ctly the case. Its structure, hov analogous to of il,.' Si mttuiatii.' , r;mk( il by Agassiz among the Homocerci, and diffeia most 
(rum (bal of the trne Heteroeerd, when i lie scales, ami proliably the 
id in ll o point "i the upper lobe. 

1 wiih that '" ;i ty ia ;i specie* oi P 
■ P. fulfils, bnl from the other numerous apt 
oft).: orm and proportions, and which I have ventured to name, 

from ii,i. poet '•../'/.' SoeP t< U 

of Connecticut and Massachusetts. 39 

entirely excluded by the posterior position of its dorsal. It may 
therefore be ranked between the genera Scmionotus and Pholi- 
dopliorus, being analogous to both in the structure of the tail, 
and in its serrated fins, and to the latter in the articulation of the 
rays. From the situation of the dorsal fin, I have thought the 
name Catoptcrvs to be applicable to this new genus. This 
name was originally applied by Agassiz to the genus Dipterus 
of SedgewickandMurchison, but he was afterwards induced to 
reject it, and restore the name given by the latter. I therefore 
see no objection to naming the species Catojiterus gracilis. 

The specimen marked, No. 11, appears to be identical with 
figs. 45 and 4S of Hitchcock, named by Agassiz, Eurynotus 
tenuiceys. The genus Eurynotus is described by Agassiz as 
having the anterior rays of the dorsal large and prolonged, and 
the divisions of the tail unequal. In the figures of Professor 
Hitchcock, it is the posterior rays of the dorsal which are 
prolonged, and the tail represented as square and truncated. 
To reconcile these figures with his generic description, Agassiz 
has supposed the specimen of Hitchcock to have lost the long 
anterior rays of the dorsal, and the tail to have been inadver- 
tently drawn truncated, instead of forked. This latter suppo- 
sition was not indeed improbable, as the same error is found 
in the figure of the Palceoniscus fultus. The specimen of this 
species, seen in England by Agassiz, and which he has figured, 
is defective in a very important point, inasmuch as not only the 
dorsal fin, but also nearly the whole of the back and part of 
the tail are wanting. But the specimen before us, if it be the 
same species figured by Hitchcock, shows that he was correct 
in the representation of the dorsal,* but, unfortunately, it can 

* Since writing the above, I have been assured by Professor Hitchcock, that 
his figure is correct in the representation of the dorsal, and that its peculiar form 
could not have been accidental, as he had in his possession numerous individuals 
of this species, all of which coincide in this particular. 

10 /' /' ihes. 

throw do light upon the structure of the tail, the lower part of 
the individual being wanting. Ii, however, renders it almost 
certain that the species cannot be comprehended in the genus 
/ rynotus as described by Agassis, and it will not unlikely 
prove the representative of another new genus. 

It has "i late years been generally admitted that the sand- 
stone from which these fishes are derived is of much later date 

than the old red sandstone, to which it was once referred, and 

these remains confirm this belief. The Palaonisci of Europe 
have never been found below the coal measures, while they ex- 
tend upward to the copper slate of the zechstein or magnesian 
limestone. In the case before us, we find a species of PaUeo- 
nuctu accompanied by a fish, the structure of whose tail ap- 
proaches thai of the PholidophortMi and of other fishes never 
found below the lias. This fad would seem to imply for this 

formation, even a higher situation in the series than that which 

i> nom assigned it l»_\ geologists. A careful and extended ex- 
amination of the fossil fishes of this deposit, undertaken 1>_\ able 

ami experienced naturalists, is much needed, and would pro- 

bably decide the question of its relative age. 

On the Affinities of ' Geratophyllacea. 41 

Remarks on the Structure and Affinities of the Order 
Ceratophyllace^e. By Asa Gray, M. D. 

Read, February 20, 1837. 

The fruit and seed of the genus Ceratophyllum, Linn, were 
first correctly described and figured by Geertner,* so long ago 
as the year 177S ; a fact worthy of especial notice, since an 
erroneous view respecting the structure of the seed has been 
introduced into every subsequent systematic work that has 
fallen under my notice, in which an account of that organ is 
attempted. The only error in the description of Ga?rtner, is 
that of considering the proper cotyledons as a separate organ, 
which (in this as in a few analogous cases) he calls the vitellus ; 
but it should be borne in mind that the admirable work of this 
author was prepared at a period when the nature of the embryo 
was very imperfectly understood. 

L. C. Richardt first pointed out the most remarkable pecu- 
liarity in the structure of the embryo, which consists in the 
presence of four (apparent) cotyledons and a highly developed 
plumule. Jussieu,| who evidently knew very little of the genus, 
referred it to the order Naiades; a Very heterogeneous assem- 
blage as originally constituted, the twelve genera included in 
it having been since ascertained to belong to at least seven 
different families. 

* De Fruct. et Sem. Plantar um, 1, p. 212, /. 14, fig. 2. 
t Analyse du Fruit, 1808. 
t Gen. 18. 


43 On the Affinities of Cera(ophyl(a<rcr. 

The order CeratophyUacea, indicated, perhaps, by Richard, 
was described, in the year 1^*21, by Samuel Frederick Gray, 
in a work entitled, A Natural Arrangement of British Plants ;* 
wherein it i> correctly characterized, except that the radicle is 
said to be superior, i. c. to point towards the summit of the peri- 
carp. Were this the case, it would necessarily follow, inas- 
much as the seed is suspended, that the radicle should be 
turned towards the hilum, or, in other words, that the seed is 
anatroprrus ; whereas, on the contrary, the ovule of Cerato- 
phyllum is really orthotrxypout, and the radicle inferior^ This 
erroneous view would scarcely require such especial notice, 
since Gsrtner has correctly described the seed in these re- 
spects,! were it not for the extraordinary fact of its inadvertent 
adoption in the Prodomvs of De Candolle, the Introduction to 
the Natural System by Lindley, the OrJines Plantarum of 
Bartling, the last edition of the Encyclopaedia fhitannica,^ (as 
well as in the Prodromus Flora Peninsula Indict Orientalis) 
by Arnott, and also in the second and greatly improved edition 
of Dr. Lindley *s Introduction to the Natural System, published 
within the past year. The genus has also been recently revised 
by Chamisso,|| and several new species indicated, but no notice 
whatever is taken of the structure of the ovule and seed. 

It is not surprising that the true affinities of Gcratophyllurn 
should have been overlooked, so long as its real structure was 
misunderstood in such an important particular. The author 

♦ Vol. 11. j>. 554, 

f This iiDjMjrtnut mistake can scarcely l>c attributed to inadvertence, 
since in the Corrigenda at the end of the volume, the author adds, 
" seed u]>ri»ht, yendulous" which, instead of being a correction, is an 
additional error. 

1 " Sc rin ri furido jiutaminis aliixum ■ . . Embryo crectus. . . . Radi- 
cula intra vitellum absmndita, inftra." — QflBTtDtr, /. c. 

§ A ft U J'.i'ianv, ;/. 108. 

D Linnrta, 4. y. 60S. 

On the Affinities of Ceratophyllacea. 45 

who first characterized the order, places it next to Haloragese, in 
which he is followed by De Candolle, who arranges it between 
that family and Lythrariae, to which it is annexed by Arnott* 
as a sub-order; but no affinity with either has been shown, 
beyond a vague resemblance in habit. Bartling, and also 
Lindley, in the first edition of the work above cited, consider 
the affinities of the order to be wholly unknown, the latter, 
however, suggesting the query whether it be allied to Podos- 
temeae. In the succeeding edition, Dr. Lindley takes a new 
and wholly unexpected view, considering the genus as a sub- 
order, or degeneration, of Urticaceae. I can perceive no par- 
ticular resemblance between Ceratophyllum and Urticacece, 
except that the flowers of both are apetalous and diclinous, 
and the achenium one-seeded. It should be remarked, how- 
ever, that the erect seed of the Urticese proper is orthotropous, 
as was first pointed out by Brown.t This is certainly the case 
in Urtica, Bcehmeria, and Parietaria ; but the fact has been 
somehow overlooked by Dr. Lindley, who expressly states, in 
the second edition of the Introduction to the Natural System, 
that the radicle in Urticaceae always points to the hilum ! 

Our attention is next directed to some observations con- 
tained in the excellent and elaborate Memoire sur la Generation 
et le Developpcment de VEmbryon dans les Vegetaux yhanero- 
games, by Adolphe Brongniart,£ which, as they have the merit 

* " Much as these suborders (Lythrarieae and Ceratophylleae) differ 
in appearance, we have the authority of Richard for uniting them. It 
must be confessed, however, that their chief great resemblance is in the 
persistent calyx, free from, but surrounding the fruit." — Arnott, I. c— 
I have never been so fortunate as to meet with the observation of Richard 
here alluded to. 

t Appendix to Capt. Tuckey's Expedition to Congo (1808), p. 454. 

X Read before the Academic des Sciences in ^December 1826, and 
published the succeeding year in the 12th volume of the Annates de* 
Sciences NatureUes. 

44 On ilit Affinities of ( '>eratophyllacee*. 

of being the only remark- extant which throw an\ light upon 
the true affinities of Ceratophyllum, have also the misfortune of 
having been wholly overlooked by succeeding systematic 
writers. Under these circumstances it is proper to quote thai 
portion of the observations of M. Brongniart which have a di- 
rect bearing upon the subject under consideration. They re- 
late, in part, to a remarkable peculiarity in the developement 
of the embryo of Ceratophyllum, which is also inferred to 
occur in the genus Nelumbium. 

" Si on examine l'ovule du ( 'ercUophyUum doin rstnn au mo- 
ment de la lloiaison, on trouve qu'il est suspendn au sommet 
de la cavite de l'ovaire, et qu'il est compose d'un seul tegu- 
ment ouvcrt a Vexlremite opposee a son point d'insertion ; l'a- 
mande egalement suspendue est formee d'une membrane cel- 
luleuse, mince, transparente, et se termine par un mamelon 
court, forme par une sorte de petite couronne de cellules. 
Dans l'interieur de cctte amande, ou trouve le sac embryon- 
naire (the tercine of Mirbcl r) qui la remplit en entier ; il est 
lixe superieurement a la chalaze,"* &e. The passage above 
quoted suffices to show that M. Brongniart considers the ovule 
of Ceratophyllum as suspended and orthotropous, and 
the accompanying figurest so represent it. The author 
proceeds with an account of the embryo at its first develope- 
ment, when it appears as a minute green globule, situated, not 
within the nucule, but outside of it, and merely in contact with 

orifice, from which the slightest force suffices to detach it. 

11 II continue B B'accroitre pendant qiielque temps en adhe- 
rant legerement b I'extre'mite' <lu m enibryonnaire : mais 
hr intut il g'en ili igage < 1 b< developpe dans la cavite comprise 
entrc la membrane de I'amande 1 1 ci sac ; il se dfvise en trois 
lobe deux lateralis se prolongenl sons form.' de comes 

• Ann. Sciencei Naturelles, 12, p. 261, tt 
y. m t. 44. 


On the Affinities of Ceratopkyllacea:. 40 

entre le sac embryonnaire et les parois de l'amande ; le lobe 
moyen repousse le sac embryonnaire, s'introduit danssa cavity, 
et finit par etre ainsi envefloppe" par se sac : il devient la gem- 
mule composee de deux foiioles inferieures opposees et de 
plusieurs verticelles d'autres fueilles plus petltes. 

" II est inutile d'insister ici sur l'analogie qui existe entre 
cet embryon et celui du Nelumbo. II est evident que les deux 
lobes externes sont analogues aux deux grands lobes arrondis 
de l'embryon du Nelumbo, que le sac qui enveloppe la gem- 
mule est le meme qui contient celle du cette plante, .... 
enfin que la gemmule, tres developpee de ces deux plantcs 
contient egalement une premiere paire des feuilles oppo- 
sees, et en outre d'autres petites feuilles analogues pour les 
disposition aux autres feuilles de la plante."" 

A remarkable resemblance being tbus indicated between tbe 
embryo of Ceratophyllum and tbat of Nelumbium, it becomes 
important to learn whether a corresponding agreement exists as 
to the structure of the seed in other respects. Little or no in- 
formation, however, is to be derived from systematic works 
respecting the situation of the seed in the pericarp, and the re- 
lation of the radicle to the hilum, in Nelumbium. The figures 
of Richardt and GEertnerj throw some light upon the question ; 
but, on examination of the fruit, the radicle is at once perceived 
to be inferior and the seed susjMided, and, consequently, 
orthotropous, as in Ceratophyllum. The points of agree- 
ment, therefore, between the two genera chiefly consist in the 
simple, one-seeded ovaries, the suspended, orthotropous, ex- 
albuminous seeds, the large and fleshy cotyledons situated 
outside of the membrane of the nucule, and the unusually de- 
veloped plumule (consisting of a pair of primordial leaves and 

* Op. cit. p. 2.53. 

♦ Analyse du fruit, t. 5, fig. 6; and Ann. du Museum, 17, /. 9, fig. 

50 and 57. 

Op. cit. 1, t. 19. 

46 On the Affinities of CeratophyUac&t. 

a bud) enveloped by the persistent membrane of the nucule. 
The point.- of difference, such us the want of petals, the 
nearly sessile anthers, and the single ovary of'Ceratophyllum, 
are sufficiently obvious : but they cannot be thought to weaken 
materially such peculiar and strongly marked affinities. The 
lower degree of developement, both of the organs of vegetation 
and fructification of Ceratophvllum, are, perhaps, chiefly attri- 
butable to the entirely submersed habit of the genus. 

It a comparison be next instituted between Ceratophyllum 
and the order Cabombacese or Hydropeltidea?, affinities will be 
perceived, the existence of which have been, I believe, hitherto 
unsuspected. This order, first indicated by Richard,* and 
considered by De Candolle as a tribe of Podophyllea?, has 
been referred to Nymphnsaceae both by Brownt and Lindley '-\ 
it is, however, a distinct order, more closely allied to Nelum- 
biaceae than Nymphaeaceas, as will be shown in the course of 
these remarks. It includes tun genera, both peculiar to the 
American continent, via. Drascnin,^ the only species of which 
(/»'. peltata of Pursh) abounds in ponds and slow-flowing 
Streams from Canada to Florida; and Cabomba of Aublet, 
which comprises two species hitherto confounded, || the one a 

• Ann. <lu Museum, 17, j>. 230. 

I Appendix to Capt. King's Voyage to New Holland. 

Bd. 2, /<• 13. 

§ Schreber, Hour,: Plantarum (1798), p. '372. — Hydropeltis, Michx. 
Jl. (1803) 1. }>■ 324. This genua bavingbeec characterised and described 
by Schreber Ion- before th< Plots "i" ftfichaux was published, I see no 
■ in for adopting tli' 1 name imposed by the Latter, as is done by most 
European botanists. 
ii 1 subjoin ili«- characters and svnomony of the two species. 
1. Cabomba aq,i ltica; foliis natantibus orbicularis ; floribus luteis; 
mperl) 2. — C. aquarica, Aubl. /</. Qvian. l, _p. 321, t. 
l-.-i | Richard, nun. museum, 17, p. 830, t. 6,jig. 88; D C. lytt, 2, 
/■ '. iuii. t. absque man. (opt. ; Rossi. \ Sehull. sysl. 
II \m. In stacnit et rivulis CayenntS, Auhlrt ; in Suri- 
nam, Dr. Herring. 

On the Affinities of Ceratophyllacea. 47 

native of Cayenne, the other of S. Carolina, Louisiana, &c. 
Both species have the habit of Brasenia as to the flowers and 
floating leaves, and that of Ceratophyllum in the filifonnly 
dissected submersed foliage. Brasenia and Cabomba are very 
nearly allied ; the principal difference consisting in the more 
numerous stamens and ovaries of the former, while in the 
latter the ovaries are reduced to two, three, or four, and the 
stamens are (as in Ceratophyllum) only twice the number of 
the sepals. The ovaries of both bear from two to three ovules, 
but commonly only one or two seeds are perfected. The 
indehiscent carpels are crowned with the persistent styles, as 
in Ceratophyllum. 

In order to bring to view the real affinities of Cabombaceae, 
it is necessary to avail ourselves of the important characters 
furnished by the seed, the true structure of which (particularly as 
compared with allied orders, in the direction of the radicle, &c.) 
has been almost wholly overlooked.* The seeds of Cabomba 
and Brasenia resemble each other very closely. They are sus- 
pended in the pericarp, one above the other, when two are present; 
and a rather large roundish spot (similar to that on the seed 
of Nelumbium) is observed at the extremity opposite the hi- 
lum ; which, as no raphe is perceptible, may be inferred to be 

2. Cabomba Caroliniana ; foliis natantibus elllpticis lineari-oblon- 
gisve ; floribus albis ; ovariis 3 — 4. — C. Aubletii, Michx. ft. 1, p. 206. 
Nectris peltata, Pursh, ft. l,p. 239 (excl. syn.). N. aquatica, Nult. gen. 
l,p. 230; Ell.! hot. 1, p. 416, non Willd. — Hab. In aquosis S. Caro- 
lina? ! Georgise ! et Louisiana; ! 

I have seen flowers of this species with only two sepals, and two 
petals. Pursh, who considers the North American plant the same as 
that of Aublet, has, nevertheless, taken the unwarrantable liberty of 
changing the specific name. 

* Fine dissections of the seed, both of Cabomba and Brasenia, 
drawn by Richard, are published in the plates of the Did. dcs Sciences 
Naturelles, from an examination of which their true structure may be 
deduced. It is worthy of notice that the portion of the embryo which 
Richard calls the gemmule in Ann. du Muscvm 17, p. 230, (. 5, Jig. 22 
and 23, he here more properly considers to be the radicle. 

48 On the Aihu, CeratopkyUacoa* 

the microjn le. The correctness of this view is demonstrated 
hv a consideration of their internal structure. The embryo, 
enclosed in a peculiar covering (the thickened and persistent 
membrane of the nucule) lies in immediate contact with the 
(organic as well as geometrical) base of the seed, the residue 
• »t* the cavity being fdlcd with a rather firm albumen; the radi- 
cular extremity pointing from the, hihnu and towards the distant 
micropyle. The of Cabombaceee are therefore suspended 

and orthotrogpus, as in Ceratophyllacftse. The principal dif- 
uce between the two orders, bo far as respects the structure 
of the ovule and seed, consists, therefore, in the h >s developed 
embryo of the former being wholly enclosed in the persistent 
sac of the nucule (as in Nymphseacese), and in the presence of 
albumen. It is evident, therefore, that the order Ceratophylla- 
ceae is almost as closely allied to Cabombacete as to Nelum- 
biace.e, and that it should stand in the immediate vicinity of 
these two orders, notwithstanding the much lower develope- 
ment of its flora] organs, and other diversities attributable to its 
wholly submersed habit. 

As to the affinity of the order Cabombacese with Nelumbiacese 
and Nymphaeaceae, it ma\ be remarked that it agrees with 
the former in its innate anthers, apocarpous ovaries, and nearly 
solitary orthotropous seeds ; and with the latter in the presence 
tlbumen, and of a sac enclosing the embryo. It differs 
from Nelumbiacese chiefly in the albuminous seeds, and less 
developed embryo, and in the absence of an enlarged torus; 
while Nymphaeacese, bow< v< r close the alliance, are essentially 
distinguished from both thi se families b\ their adnate anthers, 
polj spermous and s_\ acarpous 01 aries, and analroyous seeds.* 

• In both Nympbi and Cabombaceae me embryo is commonly 

i mated nearly without ilie albumen, at the base of thr 

. this important diffi that in the latter the 

ed a) th< true base of the seed, i. e* dbxt th< chalaza; 

win'' Pap reracete, ice.) il !•■ «imated at the ex- 

On the Affinities of Ceratophyllacetf. 49 

The two species of Ceratophyllum admitted by Linnaeus, 
were distinguished chiefly by the presence or absence of lateral 
spines. In a recent revision of the genus by Chamisso,* six 
species are described, and a seventh is indicated by Dr. Wal- 
lich. If these be distinct species, as is most probable, there 
are doubtless others to be discovered. In this country, spe- 
cimens are rarely to be met with in fruit, and consequently the 
genus is little known. I am indebted to Dr. Torrey for the op- 
portunity of examining specimens with ripe fruit, collected by 
him, several years since, near Princeton, New Jersey, which 
are wholly different from any species described or figured by 
Chamisso. They agree, however, with a specimen from Su- 
rinam, communicated by the late Mr. Schweinitz, except that 
the fruit is a little larger. This plant, which I am disposed to 
consider an undescribed species, resembles C. muricatum of 
Chamisso more than any other, from which it differs not only 
in the shorter and more slender terminal, and two lateral spines 
of the fruit, but also more particularly in the whole margin 
being beset with slender spines. It may therefore be called C. 

In descriptions of a seed, it is important that the relation 
of the hilum to the chalaza and micropyle should be especially 
noticed ; or, which amounts to the same thing, that the spermic, 

tremity opposite the chalaza or organic base, which, as in all anatropous 
' seeds, occupies the geometrical apex of the seed. The radicle is ap- 
proximated to the hilum in the former case, but points in the opposite 
direction in the latter. See a figure given by Dutrochet, in Mem. du 
Museum, 8} V. I, in which the embryo is plainly represented as dicotyle- 
donous, although the author, adopting a very absurd view, attempts to 
prove it to be monocotyledonous. See also, especially, the admirable 
plate in the Memoir of Ad. Brongniart,* illustrative of the mode of im- 
pregnation, and the structure of the ovule and seed, in Nuphar lutea, 
which incontestably demonstrates the correctness of the view of Brown 
and others respecting the nature of the sac which encloses the embryo. 

* Ann. .Set. Xaturtllti, 12, I. 39. 

* lAnncea 4, p. 503. 

VOL. IV. 7 


oO On On A /fin i ties <>f CeratophijUacea. 

rather than the ptrioarpic direction of the embryo should be 
particularly indicated ; since the former affords characters of 
the highest rank, from which the latter may be inferred when 
considered in connexion with the direction of the seed. It is 
also desirable that the classification and nomenclature of ovules 
proposed by MiiUl* should be extended to .seeds, and gene- 
rally employed in systematic descriptions, which would thus be 
rendered much more simple and perspicuous. Thus, if we 
nie the expression, teed anatropous, it is understood that the 
micropyle, and consequently the radicle, is situated in the im- 
itc vicinity of the hilum, and thai the chalaza, or organic 
base of the ^cci\, occupies (if the embryo be straight, or nearly 
so,) the portion most remote from the hilum, with which it is 
connected by means of a prolongation of the funiculus, called 
the raphe. t 

• Ann. Science* Naturelles, vet. 17. 

t An instance <>f the separation of the raphe from the testa, in one of 
the two seeds of the fruit ofSeringia )>lniyphylla, is represented l>y M. 

<iny in the seventh volume of the Mem. du Museum, t. 17. 


9 ** 



Notice of the Appearance of the Pine Grosbeak, Pyrrhula. 
Enucleator, in the Environs of New-York. By James F. 

Read December 19, 1836* 

The Pine Grosbeak has been Ions; known as an inhabitant 
of the extreme northern regions of both continents. Wilson 
records two solitary instances of their appearance in the neigh- 
bourhood of Philadelphia, but it seems to have been very 
rarely observed within the limits of the United States. 

Mr. J. Bell and myself have met with this beautiful bird in 
abundance during the present season, (from October 1836 to 
March 1S37,) not only at Weehawken, opposite to this city, 
but at Tappan, twenty miles farther north, and also on the south 
side of Long Island, many individuals having been exposed for 
sale in our markets, and they seem, in fact, to have spread 
themselves over the whole region, more particularly where the 
Red Cedar, Juniperus Virginiana, is to be found. We have 
never before met with them, though actively employed in col- 
lecting for ten years past, nor have we heard of their being seen 
here since more than twenty years ago, when, as we are in- 
formed by Mr. E. Guillaudet, he procured in the market the 
pair now preserved in the American Museum in this city. We 
can only account for their unusual appearance by the early cold 
weather, and the prevalence of northerly winds during several 
weeks past. 

They appear to feed entirely on the hard kernel of the cedar 
berries, not, like other birds, swallowing the whole fruit. When 
feeding they are remarkably tame, so that we have frequently 
approached, at that time, within four feet of them. They are 
generally met with in small parties of from four to fifteen in 

52 Notice of tht Ajrpcaiancc of the JPim Grosbctri;. 

company. When shot at, or disturbed, they fly offin different 
directions, tiering a shrill loud note or call. When single 
they seem very restlesa. repeating their call incessantly. They 
are very active in pursuit of food, and are frequently seen flut- 
t « r i 1 1 lt upward after berries in the same manner as the common 
Cedar Bird. 

Among our specimens, amounting to some hundreds, many 
of which we dissected to determine the sex, we have observed 
i lie following principal varieties : 

1. Those with the plumage, above and below, principally of 
a bluish may, with the crown and rump dark olive, approach- 
ing to orange. These we take to be the young of the year. 

2. Those which have these parts crimson, except that the 
back feathers are merely bordered with this colour, the centre 
being dark. According to Temminck they arc the males after 
their first moult. 

.'5. Those which have scarlet instead of the crimson, the 
malefl after the second moult. 

4. Those in which the crown is dark brown, the rump yel- 
li>w-oli\c. and the back cinereous, and the head a mixture of 
cinereous and olive-green, and all exhibiting traces, more or 

. evident of the cinereous plumage. From this last cir- 
cumstance it would appear that they were males' in the third 
war, though not answering to the description given by Tem- 

5. Those in which the brown parts of the last-mentioned 
are bright orange-brown, especially the rump, with Bcarcelj a 

faint trace of red. This appears to be an old individual, and, 

from dissection, we are of 'opinion that it is an old female. 

Descriptions of Five Sjtecies o/Tespertilio that inhabit the 
Environs of the City of Ncic- York . By William Cooper. 

Read February 6, 1S37. 

The difficulty of determining the species of Bats is well 
known to zoologists. It is but recently that those belonging lo 
Europe have been settled with some degree of accuracy, and 
it is not to be expected that the American species should be 
already so well known as to leave no room for further investi- 
gation. The Mammalogic of Desmarest, the latest general 
catalogue, contains descriptions of but three species from the 
continent of North America, those published by Rafinesque 
being considered by that author as too little known and too 
imperfectly described to be included in his text. Subsequent 
writers, especially Say, Le Conte, Harlan, have made known 
several others, so that the list of nominal species of Cheiroptera 
belonging to the United States now comprises thirteen, without 
including those of Rafinesque, or the Rhinopoma carolincnsis 
of G. St. Hilaire, which has not been since observed, and is 
admitted by the author himself to be very doubtful as an Ame- 
rican species. These thirteen species have been referred to 
the genera Vesjpertilio, Nycticcius, Taphozous and Flccotus.* 

My object in the present communication is to establish and 
clear up the synonymy of several species which I have ob- 
served in this vicinity, and by means of more extended de- 

* In a report on the Zoology of North America, read to the British Associa- 
tion by Dr. Richardson, at their late meeting in August 1836, he assigns sixteen 
species of Cheiroptera to North America. Not less than twenty-four have been 
described or indicated under separate names by authors, of which eleven are by 


i\ Five Species of VtspertUio, 

BCriptiooa and comparisons tlian have been heretofore given, to 
enable the student to determine them with as little difficulty as 
their dose resemblance will permit. The materials for doing 
this have bees derived partly from my own researches during 
>i\( ral years past] and partly from the liberal communications 
of my friends, especially Major Le Contcof this city, the Rev., 
Dr. Bachman of Charleston, and Doctors Pickering ami Mor- 
ton of Philadelphia. Through their assistance I have likewise 
been enabled to make some interesting observations relative to 
Other groups of this family, which I propose to communicate 
as I find opportunity to prepare them for publication. I hope 
in this manner to lay the groundwork for a complete account 
of the Cheiroptera of the United States, which however much 
to be desired, I have not at present the requisite materials to 

1. Vespertilio riaiNcsis. 

\ • spertilio pruinosus, Sai in Long's Exp. I. p. 16S. Richard- r.iima Bor. Am. I. p. 1. 
Nycticeiufl i< qgelatus, R if. ? 
Hoary Bat, Godmazt, Am. Nat. Hist. I. p. 6S. PI. I. fig. 3-Rich. 

L c. 


In the ire ne ral appearance of the upper parts it much re- 

sembles the common Red Bat, though more variegated in 

Colon The ears an' of moderate size and rounded, hairy 

above next the head, with a naked anterior lobej the inside 

al-o hairy, except on the OUter portion and round the border; 

tragus hairy, irregularly triangular, obtuse and arquated, with 
the outer angle curved forward ami the inner attached. About 

tin- car- and front the eolor of the fur IS a pale tawnev, the 

remaining uppi r parts <>f the bod) including the flarixs and 
interfemora] membrane, except a narroTi edging round the 
latter, of a dark f. i in ginous, intermixed with dusky black on 

v i T 

Five Species of Vespertalio. 55 

the back, and all tipped with white, giving it a peculiarly hoary 
aspect. There is a small whitish hairy patch near the first or 
elbow joint of the wing membrane, and another at the base of 
the thumb, and in some, a third at the base of the fourth pha- 
lanx, the remainder of the membrane above being naked. 
Beneath, the lips and lower jaw are dusky black, throat and 
neck pale yellowish. At the insertion of the wings is a white 
mark as in V. noveboracensis, on each side, between which 
the fur is dusky brown tipped with white, like the upper parts. 
Lower down it becomes much mixed with pale tawney, Avhich 
predominates on the flanks, and extends, forming a hairy bor- 
der of half an inch wide up the membrane, to the origin of 
the phalanges. The remainder of the wing and interfemoral 
membranes naked. 

The sides of the interfemoral membrane are sustained by a 
bony process (os calcis ?) three fourths of an inch long, project- 
ing in a curved line, and articulated with the tibia. This is not 
peculiar to the species, but is more than usually apparent. 

Incisors -^- canines -^- molars 4-r-=30. 

6 1 — 1 5 — 5 

. Total length 4.3 inches. 

Tail - 1.8" 

Fore arm 2.0" 

Tibia 0.9" 

Spread 15 . " 

I have no doubt of the identity of this Bat with the pruino- 
sus of Say, as well as of Richardson, who has described its 
external markings with minuteness and accuracy. The differ- 
ence in size remarked by Dr. Richardson in his specimen is 
not greater than I have observed betvyeen different specimens 
of the smaller species ; but the dental formula given by him, 
is materially unlike that which I, after repeated examination, 
have laid down as above. In fact, this and the following spe- 
cies agree strictly in all the peculiarities of their dental system, 

5G Fi rt Species of Vespertilio. 

both a- to the kind and number of the teeth, and form togethet 
a small natural group, the Nycticeius of Rafinesque, which 
however 1 have not thought it expedient to adopt as a genus, 
as they differ so little in habit and external characters from our 
other Vespertiliones. The external resemblance between these 
two species is also very great, so that they might be confound- 
ed without a close inspection of the markings. But the Hoary 
Bat is much larger ; besides, as Say observes, many minor 
differences, of which the most conspicuous are the black lips 
and chin, and buff-colored cravat of this species. The hairy 
patch oear the elbow joint I have not found in any instance in 
the New -York Bat, and in all the varieties of this latter there 
is an obvious reddish tinge, approaching sometimes to lake, on 
the under parts (as well as upper) of which there is no appear- 
ance whatever in the large species. The white mark at the 
insertion of the wings is found in both. 

Though first described by Mr. Say from a specimen obtained 
beyond the .Mississippi, there is now reason to believe that this 
line species is common in the Atlantic States*. Previously 
to the expedition of Major Long it had been captured in Phi- 
ladelphia, and a specimen from Georgia has been communicated 
to me by .Major Le Conte, and another by Dr. Bachman 
from Charleston, South Carolina. That from which the above 
description is chiefly drawn up, was shot by Mr. J. F. Ward, 
in the month of November, near the heights of Weehawken, 
in .New Jersey, neat this city, in broad daylight It was hov- 
< ri 1 1 lt and fluttering about the precipice in tho manner of other 

Bate, and occasionally darting towards the low grounds, more 

like ;i bird. J have witnessed at the same locality the similar 
evolutions of a fiat, probably of this species, that was flying 
about early one line aftemooff, though it kepi below the shadow 
<>i the rock-, li is not improbable that it migrates hither 
from tii' north, Dr. Richardson having met with it in kit. ol . 

Five Species of Vespertilio. 57 

2. Vespertilio noveboracensis. 

New- York Bat, Penn. Syn. p. 367. Idem Arct. Zool. I. p. 184. 

Vespertilio noveboracensis, Gmel. Syst. I. p. 50 sp. 21. Geoffrot 
St. H. in Ann. Mus. S. p. 203. Harlan, Fauna Am. Idem, 
Month. Am. J. I. p. 220. Godman, Am. Nat. Hist. I. p. 68. 

Red Bat of Penn. Wils. Am. Orn. VI. pi. 50 p. 60. 

Taphozous rufus, Lesson, Man. Mamm. 

Nycticeia noveboracensis, L. C. ifi App. to Mc Murtrie's Cuvier, 
I. p. 441- 


Ears short, roundish, naked on the anterior half above, and 
furnished merely with a thin covering of fine hairs within. 
Color of the fur above reddish tawney, in some individuals 
deep, and more properly ferruginous ; in others very light- 
colored : the base is of a light ochreous tint, towards the end 
it is reddish tawney, ferruginous, or lake, and often finely tip- 
ped with white, giving it a slightly hoary or cream-colored 
appearance, according to the predominance of one or the other 
of these tints. The reddish tawney always predominates on 
the interfemoral membrane, which, and the feet, are densely 
hairy down to the very edge. The wing membranes are en- 
tirely naked above, with the exception of a small spot at the 
base of the thumb, and about the base of the fore finger, which 
in some individuals extends half an inch down each side of 
the phalanx, though in others there is scarcely a trace. At 
the insertion of the wings is a white mark, most conspicuous 
on the under side. Beneath, the colors are similar to those 
of the back, though paler ; a hairy border extends along the 
anterior side of the membrane to the divergence of the phal- 
anges. This part of the membrane is light yellow or tawney, 
while the rest is dusky both in this and the preceding species. 

VOL. iv. 8 


58 Five Speetes <>j Vesj'crlilio. * 

\+ • \ 

Incisors -^- canines -|~ molars ^- = 30. 


Total leagtb - - - - from 3.0 to 3.S inches. abort '• i.3 " 1.5 - • ^ 

Pore arm "1.3 *" 1.5 t* 

Tibia ------ " 0.7 " 0.S •» ■ » 

Bpread » 10.0 " 11.0 « 

There lias been much disagreement among authors respecj- % •% ; 
ing the dental system of this Bat. Say first detected the error -v 
of Pennant, who thought it had no upper incisors. F. Cuvier 
is the only author who has given a complete dental formula 
for the species, but it is not correct.* Desmarest, following 
Rafinesque, arranges the V. noreboracensis under the genus 
Atalapha, characterized by the total absence of incisors ! The 
above formula may be relied on, having been carefully verified 
by my own repeated examinations, and confirmed by the notes 
communicated by Major Le Conte. 

The Red Bat of Pennsylvania, figured in the sixth volume 
of Wilson's Ornithology, is no other, as Godman has remark- 
ed, than this species, and one of the lighter colored varieties. 
Lesson, an industrious French naturalist, concluded from 
Wilson's account of its dental system, that it belonged to the 
African genua Taphozous, in which he has been followed by 
Cuvier in his Becond edition, with what reason may be infer- 
red from our description. In (fleet the incisors rise so little 
above the gum, and even in prepared skulls the lower are so 
minute and so crowded together, that the most eareful inspec- 
tion with a lens is requisite to di li el the actual number. 

The Red or New-York Bal is common over a great extent 
of country, including the southern and middle states, and the 
western to near the Elockj .Mountains, where it was met with by 
Major Long'fl party. During winter it remains in a torpid 
State in caverns and similar places, where it has been found at 

• Dmta dta Mtmmifi ri «, p. 48. 


Five Species of Vespertilio. 59 

this season in the States of New-York and Pennsylvania. In 
summer it is frequently discovered in woods suspended during 
> the day by its thumb claws to a twig behind a cluster of leaves. 
Its habits are in other respects similar to those of its tribe. 
The female is larger than the male, and produces four or five 
young at a birth, though others of the genus are said to have 
but one. 

V, borbonicus of Geoffrey is no doubt a very different spe- 
cies, as well as V. lasiuriu of Schreber, also figured by Geof- 
froy, unless we suppose the ears to be very incorrectly repre- 
sented by these authors. 

3. Vespertilio noctivagans. 

Vespertilio noctivagans, L. C. in App. to Mc Murtrie's Transl. of 

Cuv. R. An. I. p. 431. 
Vespertilio Auduboni, Harlan, in Am. Monthly Jour, of Geot 

p. 220. pi. IV. 
Silver haired, or Audubon's Bat. 


Ears dusky black, rather large, naked on the anterior por- 
tion, somewhat ovate and obtuse, with two emarginations on 
the outer posterior border, produced by two plaits ; naked 
within, and with the tragus moderate, ovate, and obtuse. Color 
above, a uniform dark dusky brown approaching to black. On 
the back the fur is somewhat glossy and tipped with silvery 
white, forming an interrupted line across the shoulders, and 
thence irregularly mixed down the centre of the back. Inter- 
femoral membrane thickly hairy on the upper part, becoming 
thinner downward and naked near the border. Tip of the tail 
projecting about a line beyond the membrane. Feet hairy. 
Wing membrane entirely naked. Beneath very similar to the 
upper parts, though the light-colored tips of the hairs are more 

GO Fire Species of Vespertilio. 

Incisors -~- canines - molars -r :: T- = 34. 

] — 1 5—5 

Total length 3.8 inches. 

Tail 1.5 " 

Fore arm ....- 1.8 " 

Tibia ---------- 0.8 " 

Spread '- ■ - - 11-0 " 

This species is easily recognised at sight by its dark black- 
brown fur tipped with white on the back, and it cannot be con- 
founded with any other of our Bats by the most heedless 
observer. It was first described in the year 183] , both by 
Major Le Conte and Dr. Harlan. The preface to the volume 
in which the former gentleman's description appears is dated 
in June ; that of the latter is contained in the Journal of Ge- 
ology for November of the same year. These dates are my 
only guide in deciding the claim to priority in favor of Major 
Le Conte, by adopting his name for this species. 

The Silver-haired Bat is tare in our vicinity, and I have 
only obtained it from Long Island, where it is found during the 
day in hollow trees. I have seen a considerable number, which 
were remarkably uniform in their appearance. They are pro- 
bably more common in the southern states, where they have 
been observed by Major Le Conte. 

l. Vespertilio carolinbnsis. 

\'i KjM inliii rarulinmsis, (ieoefroy ^ t - Mii.airf, in Ann. ilu 

Bfuseum, s p. I9;i, sp. 2. J i .i_' -^ . <>f ilu- head and cranium pis. 
47 and 48. Le Conte, in App. to Mr Murine's CllV. I. p. 


liars large, naked, except near the head, and with a broad 

and obtuae ii|i curving outwards; emarginate on the outer 
posterior edge, tragus nearly a line broad, linear and obtuse, 

Five Species of Vespertilio. 61 

and as well as the inside of the ears, destitute of hairs. All 
the upper parts of the head and body are covered with close 
soft and glossy fur, of a uniform brown color approaching to 
chestnut. Beneath the fur is of a pale dingy ochreous or yel- 
lowish. The remaining parts are all naked with the exception 
of a few scattered hairs on the toes. Last joint of the tail 
free. Bony process supporting the membrane very apparent. 

Incisors -^— canines ~, molars ——— = 32. 

6 1 — 1 5—5 

*' t 

Total length 3.8 inches. 

Tail -.---. 1.5 " 

Forearm - -* 1.8 ■« 

Tibia 0.8 " 

Spread - - - 11.5 " 

Though apparently well known to the French naturalists, 
no American author who has written upon these animals ap- 
pears to have been acquainted with this species, except Major 
Le Conte, as above cited. It is common in Carolina and 
Georgia, and rather numerous on the south side of Long 
Island, whence I have frequently procured it. 

5. Vespertilio subulatus. 

Vespertilio subulatus, Say in Long's Ex. II. p. 65. Richardson 

Fauna B. A. I. p. 3. 
Vespertilio lucifugus, L. C. in App. to Mc Murtrie's Cuv. I. p. 431. 
Atalapha fuscata, Raf. ? 

Vespertilio domesticus, Green, in Cab. N. H. II. p. 200. 
Say's Bat, Richardson loc. cit. 


Ears rather large, naked except at the very base, narrowed 
somewhat at tip, and obtuse, tragus linear, subulate, subacute. 
The fur is fine and soft, of a grayish or cinereous brown color 
above, beneath pale yellowish mixed with dusky. The re- 

s t, . 

<)-2 Fin Sj»ri,s i,f Y( spcriiKo. 

raaioing parts are naked like the preceding species, tlie mem- 
branes more delicate in texture and less dusky, and the tail all 
eUgaged in the interfemoral membrane. » 4 

Incisors 1=£- canines ~ molars 4=4- =38. * 


Total length ----------3.2 inches- 
Tail 1.3 « 

Fore ami 1.3" 

Tibia - •- - - - - - 0.7 " 

Spread ----- 9.3 "* 

Say's Bat, and the Carolina Bat have a strong external re- 
semblance, and might be mistaken for each other, though there 
is considerable difference in size, which, with the different form 
of the tragus will enable the student to discriminate between 
the two species. The dental systems, it will be observed, are 
very unlike. That of V. subulalus is correctly described by 
Dr. Richardson, as I have carefully verified. From the spe- 
cimens and M.S. notes communicated to me by Major Le 
Conte, I am satisfied of the identity of this with his V.lncifugiis, 
to which he also assigns the same dentary system. 

This species, first made known by Mr. Say, in the notes 
to the account of Long's first expedition, was afterwards more 
minutely described by Dr. Richardson, who found it the most 
common Bpeciea of J iat near the eastern base of the Rocky 
Mountains! and Mr. Townsend has recently brought it from 
Columbia river. A specimen obtained by Dr. Pickering 
in the mountains <>l .Wu Hampshire, is preserved in the 
cabinet of the Academy of Natural Sciences, and 1 have seen 
another procured by Mr. Audubon, in Labrador. I have a 
specimen from Pittsburg, on the Ohio. In our vicinity, and 
in the city itself, it is pretty common. Major Le Conte, 
and Mi- Bachman, have communicated specimens from Geor- 
gia and Carolina. It is therefore, though one of the latest 
known, at tin- same time one of the most widely diffused over 
the I nited Slat. . 


Five Species of Vcspcrtilio. G3 

Professor J. Green, has given in Doughty's Cabinet of 
Natural History some interesting particulars concerning a 
small species of Bat, V. domcsticns, which appears from his 
description to be identical with this. He observed it to resort 
in great numbers to a deserted frame building, concealing itself 
during the day between the boards and the plaster walls, all 
entering and issuing by one small aperture. This was in 
western Pennsylvania. 

- I here wish to corroborate the remark of Professor Green,. 
that the number of incisors, at least in our Bats, is a permanent 
character. I have seen nothing to favor the idea entertained 
by several distinguished naturalists, that .any of the teeth are 
deciduous, but on the contrary have observed them to retain 
the entire number until quite worn with use. 

On, Two Species of Molossus inhabiting the Southern United 
States. By William Cooper. 

Bead February 20, 1837. . 

The great Prussian zoologist Pallas, in his SpicUegia 
Zoologica, Fascicle IV. p. 8, suggests the name of Molossus 
for a South American Bat, which had been previously made 
known by Buffon and Daubenton, giving at the same time a 
figure of the cranium, and pointing out some peculiarities in 
its dentary system which distinguished it from all the other 
then known species. Accordingly it became the VespettUio 
molo$8US of Gmelin, in whose Systcma it forms a distinct sec- 
tion, characterized as already indicated by Pallas. 

M. Geoffroy St. Hilairc having undertaken a revision of the 
great genus Vespcrtilio, proposed in the sixth volume of the 
Annates du Museum, the V. molossus of Pallas and Gmelin as 
iln' type of a separate group, for which he adopted the name 
of Molossus, and added several other species, all natives of 
South Ameiica. Illiger afterwards changed the name of this 
-rim- in ])ys<q,rs, which is also employed by M. Temminck 
in preference to the original name, but as the alteration seems 
to have been introduced without sufficient necessity, we shall 
with Cuvier adhere to that first proposed by Pallas. 

This genus, extended so as to include the Nyctinomus of 
( reofiroy, forms the subject of an excellent memoir in the 
Monographies de Matnmalogie of Temminck. Nyctinomus 
was originally founded on an Egyptian Bat, and the spe- 
wcre for i time supposed to be confined to Asia and 
Allien, until M. ' >< ofiroy the younger himself referred to the 
same genua the Molossus nasutus of Spix, under the name of 

Tivo Species of Molossus. 66 

Nijctinomus brasiliensis. The geographical distinction being 
thus done away with, and M. Temminck finding in the young 
Molossi all the characters of the Nyctinomi has united them in 
one. The Dinops of M. Savi, founded on a species observed 
in Italy, there appears reason to believe is also a species of 
Molossus, which thus proves to inhabit every quarter of the 
old continent. 

The fact of the existence of this genus in North America, 
and especially so far north as the United States, has not been 
hitherto made known, or scarcely suspected. Among several 
collections of Bats from Carolina and Georgia that have been 
recently submitted to my inspection, I find two apparently 
distinct, which are clearly species of Molossus, and much re- 
lated to some of the smaller ones so well illustrated in the 
work of M. Temminck. 

1. Molossus cynocephalus. 

Plate TIL Fig. 1. the head. fig. 2. 

Nycticea cynocephala, Le Conte in App. to Transl. of Cuv.R. A. 

I. p. 442, sp. 3. 
Rhinopoma carolinensis, Geoff.? Desm. Mamm. p. 130 ? 


Color entirely sooty brown, darker above, paler beneath. 
Ears with a very short rounded tragus, and remarkable for 
being singularly and regularly crimped or fluted on their poste- 
rior half. Numerous stout bristles about the face. Muzzle 
broad, and lips thick and pendant, giving the ferocious expres- 
sion characteristic of the genus. The wings long, and suffi- 
ciently ample ; the interfemoral membrane naked, and partly 
sustained by a slender bony process from the hind foot, the 
tail extending half an inch beyond it. The tibia and fibula 
short and robust, and included in the membranes their whole 

VOL. IV. 9 

66 Two Species of Molossiu. 

length. Toes nearly equal in length, the two outer rather 
more robust, and woolly on the outside, and all furnished with 
fun,- long hairs springing from the roots of the nails, and forming 
a fringe on the iniw r side of the foot. The fur is of a close 
and velvetty texture, unlike die loose and long pelage of the 
northern Vespertiliones. 


1 ■ 1 — 1 • 1 — 1 l 5-5 0i> 

Lncisors canines molars ■ ,- =3g. 

i> 1 — 1 5—5 

Total length 3.3 inches. 

Tail 1.3 «« 

Fon arm ----------- 1.7 M 

Tibia - 0.5 " 

Spread - 10.5 •• 

1 have described this Bal from a specimen furnished to in« 
Major Le Conte. The first and only' notice of the species 
hitherto published is that -i\en by this gentleman as above 

qUOted, Unless it lie the (lolllitflll ./»' h i /m/xi/iid ill foil HOISIS, as 

supposed bj in} friend Dr. Pickering. There is however no 
appearance of any nasal appendage 1 whatever, and it exhibits no 
other affinity with thai genus. Major Le Conte obtained it in 
(i( orgia, where as he informs me he has observed it in large 
numbers together. Dr. Bachman has also sent me several 
. and stall's that it is common ahoiit (Charleston, 
though he had not observed it elsewhere. NO other writers 
appear to have met with it. The curious crimping of the cars 
mud in another species Croni Java, the Dysopes tenuis of 
T( om. Monog. I. p. 228, pi. L9, fig. 2. The dentary for- 
mula is derived from the MS. notes communicated by Major 
Le ( lonte. 

Two Species of Mohssus. 67 


Plate III. Fig. 3. The head, fig. 4. 

Dysopes obscurus, Temra. Monog. T. p. 236, pi. XXII. fig 2. ? 
Rhinopoma carolinensis, Geoff.? Desm. Mamm. p. 130 1 

Color sooty brown, paler beneath, ears blackish, wings dus- 
ky. Ears very broad and ample, occupying the whole side of 
the head, but not crimped like the preceding. Tragus small, 
but obvious. Muzzle prominent, face set with long hairs, lips 
full, but less so than in the former species. Wings long and 
ample for the genus, with close, scattered, short whitish hairs 
on the under side. The interfemoral membrane naked, and 
extending a quarter of an inch further than the wing membranes 
down the tibia, and terminating in a border, the wing mem- 
brane ending abruptly. The tail is robust, extending seven- 
tenths of an inch beyond the membrane. Outer toes fringed, 
and all furnished with a few long hairs like the former species. 
The fur is also similar, much reserftbling that of a common 
mole or scalops. 

Incisors ^- canines -|=|- molars ^^? = 20. 

4 1—1 5 — 5 

Total length - - - 3.5 inches. 

Tail 1.4 " 

Fore arm 1.5 " 


Spread 9.6 " 

I have seen but a single specimen of this species, which was 
sent to the Lyceum of Natural History by Dr. JJoykin, of 
Milledgeville, Georgia, where it was procured, appears 
to be altogether unknown to naturalists. With the exception 
of the legs, from which the bones had been removed and the 
skin unnaturally stretched, the specimen is in good preserva- 

68 Two Species of Molossus. 

tion, and so prepared that most of the teeth can be examined 
without injury to it. 

The Dysopcs obscunu of Temminck bears a close resem- 
blance to our species, and may possibly prove to be the same, 
when better materials for comparison shall be obtained. The 
description of Jlhitwpoma carolincnsis applies equally to this 
species with the former, and in the number of lower incisors 
it corresponds still better with it. See Desmarest, Mnmm. 

In order that naturalists may judge with what degree of pro- 
priety I have referred these Bats to the genus Molossus, and at 
the same time to complete their description, I shall subjoin 
the characteristics of that remarkable genus, as laid down by 
Temminck in his Monography,a work drawn up with great care 
from materials obtained by the examination of all the principal 
cabinets of Holland, France, England and Germany. 

DYSOPES. Illig. Temm. 

Vcspertilio, Linn. Gmel. Molossus, Geoff. Cuv. Desm. 
Nyctvwmus, Geoff. Desm. Chciromclcs, Horsf. Dinops, Savi. 

Incisive teeth variable in number with age, § , §, f , or f , or 
even J in youth. The adult has constantly two upper incisors 
more or less apart, and converging towards the point. The 
lower small, bilobed, much crowded, (inferiorcs G conferti, 
LC.), and all or part of them falling out from the excessive 
development of the heel (or basal process) of the canine. 

Canine teeth ?,, the upper large, channeled in front, the 
lower as it were grafted on an immense heel touching, in the 
adult, exactly at the base, but spaced in thr. you?ig, so as to 
ledge the incisives. 

Molar teeth t; in some species a fifth tooth, or little rudi- 
mentary point, scarcely visible, between the canine and the first 
upper molar (molares superiofes 5, anteriorilms minutis, LC.) 

The total number of teeth very variable with age, so as to 

Two Species of Molossus. 01) 

serve to distinguish some species : the maximum is 32 or 34, 
and the minimum 24 or 20. 

M. Temminck observes, that notwithstanding these differ- 
ences in the teeth, there is no genus of animals, Fells and Pte- 
ropus perhaps excepted, more natural than that of Dysopes or 
Molossus in his view of it. He then gives the following natu- 
ral character as first drawn up by Geoffroy, with some additions 
of his own. 

" They may be easily recognised by their savage physiognomy 
and the whole expression of their countenance; their large 
head and broad muzzle had caused them to be compared to a 
bulldog, and designated under the name of Molossus ; their 
head is moreover increased in size by the ears, inclined over, 
and almost resting upon the eyes, and appearing more fit to 
protect the organ of sight, than to favor the perception of 
sound ; they originate very near the commissure of the lips, 
and after passing behind the auditory opening, they return for- 
wards to unite together on the forehead. The greater part of 
the Cheiroptera have the tragus of the ear placed in the audi- 
tory opening, it forms a sort of second inner ear, which then 
receives the name of auricle ; the Molossi differ from them by 
having this auricle situated forward and outside : it is round 
and pretty thick : in fine, the species of this genus may be fur- 
ther recognised by their tail, which is long, but with only one 
half engaged in the interfemoral membrane. Their tongue is 
soft ; their muzzle not furnished with bristles ; and their nose 
has none of those membranes or funnel shaped cavities which 
distinguish the Vampyres, the Phyllostomes, &c. The nos- 
trils are a little prominent, open in front, and bordered by a 
raised edging. All the species have the hinder limbs very 
short, the fibula perfect, often as thick as the tibia, and suited 
by their divergence to serve for the attachment of the vigorous 
muscles of their feet ; their toes nearly all equal, with short and 
very crooked nails; all have silky hairs on their toes ; the outer 
or inner toe of the hind feet more or less free from the others, 

/U Two Species of Molossfts. 

and in some degree opposable ; the thumb of the wing very 
short, strong and broad : the upper lip* ample, with numerous 
folds, tin nostrils placed in a muzzle projecting beyond the 
lips: hut what is still more characteristic, is the apparent in- 
sufficiency of tlic Ih in-- membranes, entirely dispropoitioned to 
the volume of their large and heavy body ; their wings, with 
narrow and deeply cul membranes, are so disproportioned in 
some species, that one would say that the animal could scarcely 
make use of them to transport himself to a distance, and that 
they merely served as a parachute. Their hind feet are very 
short, the tibia and fibula well separated for their whole length, 
and of nearly equal thickness; their muscles are vigorous, the 
toes armed with hooked nails, and the outer or inner toe free 
and entirely separated from the others." 

Tin- description applies with remarkable exactness to both 
the Cheiroptera now under consideration, and tin- resemblance 
Hues still more obvious when we compare them with the 
excellent plates -/wen by Temminck ; where maybe found 
figured several species of. similar dimensions, and otherwise 
closely allied to them, which inhabit Brazil and other parts of 
South America. From all these they may he readily known, 
J), cynocephalus by its crimped ears, and D. fuliginosus by its 
loni: h- r s and long and roliu.-t tail. The former differs moreo\ er 
from all the genus in the shml still' bristles about the face, of 
which however a feu are observed on die ]). cheiropus of 


What Temminck remarks relative to the insufficiency of 
their organs of flight is not applicable to them nor the other 
smaller American specii , The wings are indeed narrow in 
comparison with the Vespertiliones, but long, and no doubt 
capable of a protracted (light. 

I regret that I can furnish no particulars of the habits of 
ingular animals, but die attention of our naturalists 
being now turned to tin' subject, it ia i" be hoped that the most 
ample details concerning them will not long be wanting. 

On Tivo Species of Plecottjs inhabiting the United States 
Territory. By William Cooper. 

Read April 3, 1S37. 

Although the species which afford the type of this genus 
or group of Cheiroptera, are sufficiently striking in their ap- 
pearance, and are common in the populous parts of Europe, 
it was not until the publication of the great work on Egypt 
that they were first proposed by G. St. Hilaire as distinct from 
the ordinary Vespertilipftes. The only ones then known were 
two European, and one from the island of Timor. They are 
characterised, besides what is common to them with the other 
Bats, by the union of the base of the auricular conchs, which 
are always remarkably ample, and sometimes enormous. Our 
North American species, as we shall presently find, are further 
distinguished by two large fleshy appendages in the form of 
crests, situated between the eyes and nostrils. 

Mr. Isidore G. St. Hilaire, published in March 1832, a 
valuable memoir on this genus, in which he enumerates eight 
species from various and remote parts of the globe. He sub- 
divides them into those with ears of enormous size, (in some 
instances as long as the entire body,) and those which are 
merely ample. In the first he places four species, of which 
three are found in Europe, one being also common to Egypt, 
and the fourth brought from the southern hemisphere by Peron. 
Of those belonging to the second subdivision one is European, 
one Asiatic, and the two others American, one being from the 
island of Porto Rico and the other from Brazil. This last is 
much the largest of the known species, and the VespertUio 

72 Two Specie* of Plccotus. 

(Plains) Maugei of Porto Rico, is the only one which can 

suspected of any specific similarity with those we have here 

scribed. Bui if it be in reality identical with one of ours, 

the description at present extant must be both too inaccurate 

and too incomplete to supersede the necessity of a new one. 

Plate III. Fig. 5. the head. 

Plccotus macrotis LC. in App. to Mc Murine's Cuv. 1. p. 4.31. 
Vespertilio Maugei, Desm. Mamm. p. 1457 Idem Nou. Diet? 
Plccotus Maugei, Is. Geoff. Mag. dc Zool. 1832 ? 
Longhaired Bat, Pen*. Arct. Zool. 1. p. 1S4. Clayton in Phil. 


Color of the back dusky, terminated with light brown, ap- 
pearing somewhat variegated if the hairs be disturbed, fur long, 
soft and close. The remaining upper parts are naked, with 
the exception of the base of ears behind, and their anterior 
lower honler, which is fringed with fine soft hairs, and a few 
long fine hairs at the toe joints ; the membranous parts of a 
uniform light brown like the back. The ears are larger than 
the head, and half as broad as long, the auricle less than half 
the length of the ears, narrow, Bublinear, obtuse, and curving 
slightly outward. The nose round, set with numerous fine 
lorn: hairs, and " a very large erect cristiform warty excrescence 
on each Bide between the eyes and the nose.'' The under 
side of the body clothed with fur, which is very dark dusky 
at the base with very lighl gray tips, which predominate over 

the dusk] more and more downward until it hecomes hetween 
the legs almost a pure white. Tail slightly projecting beyond 
die membrane. 

Two Species of Plecotus. 

Incisors -|- canines -^- molars ^ =36. 

Total length 3.4 inches. 

Ears, (in the dried sp.) ------- 1.0 

Tail 1.7 

Fore arm ----------- 1.6 

Tibia 0.8 

Spread 10.0 

The Yespertilio Maugei of Desmarest, described from a 
specimen brought from Porto Eico by Mauge, appears from 
his description greatly to resemble this above described. The 
discrepancies, which may be owing to his having only a pre- 
served specimen, are nevertheless too great to allow us to 
admit their identity without great doubts. Major Le Conte 
procured it in Georgia, where it appears to be tolerably com- 
mon, and Dr. Bachman has also sent it to me from Charleston. 

Clayton's " Bat with long hair and great ears " appears to 
be this species. 

The name macrotis I have ventured to supersede, as being 
in nowise distinctive of the species, but in reality derived from 
a generic character, which, in some species is still more devel- 
oped than in the present. The ears being therefore rather 
small for the genus, this name becomes contradictory ; and no 
American naturalist will regret the opportunity thus afforded 
of paying a well merited tribute to the discoverer of so many 
rare and remarkable animals of this country. 

2. Plecotus Townsendii. 

Plate 3. Fig. 6, the head. 


Fur on the back dusky at base, brown at the tips, with a 
ferruginous cast, the two tints appearing nearly uniform, and 
VOL. iv. 10 

71 Two Sfi /' J us. 

not - ly contrasted as in the preceding species. The ears 

are also fringed with fur in the same manner. Beneath, the 

far is of a reddish cinereous or ochreous hue, lighter towards 

tail, but not in the least whitish. The nose is similar, but 

jhy crests between the eyes and nostrils appear to be 

still larger, and in the preserved specimens are much more 

con- The ears are similar, though every way more 

ample in the present, and presenting a different outline imme- 

dial r rising from the forehead; the auricle broader and 

r. The wing and tail membranes are entirely naked, 

dusky, of a thicker texture, and much more strongly reticulated 

than in the first species. 

Incisors -j- canines -^j- molars -^-=00. 

Total length - - 3.8 inches. 

1 ----- 1.1 '■ 

Tail 1.7 " 

Fore arm ----- 1.8 ' 

Tibia - 0.8 " 

Bpread - - - - 11.0 " 

Three specimens of this very distinct new species were 
brought from the Columbia river by Mr. John rLTownsend, 
where he procured them on his late journey in company with 

Mr. Nuttall. Jt is very like the /'. /.< <■<</////, but they may 

lv readily known by the color of the under part of the body, 

- which they differ in almost all their details of color 

and proportions, the present being a larger and more robust 

animal. Together they seem to form a small group in the 

is, characterized by the double fleshy crest of the n 
whieli i^ not, mentioned :is occurring in any other speeds. 
I: bliged to describe th< I 1 Bats from dried 

. in which stale the most characteristic mail.-, espe- 
■ ■ head, are often difficult to detect, whatever 

pail taken. J | );r . . in describing the head of the 

Two Species of Plecotus. 75 

first species, the language of Major Le Conte, from whose 
notes I have also copied the dental formula. 

Yespertilio megalotis, Raf., Plecotus Rajincsquii, Lesson, 
which is described as having the auricle as long as the ears, 
cannot be either of our species. I am not acquainted with 
any other species within the United States. 

Dii ofifu VditqueHnite, a rare ore of Chromium, in 

tli. United States. By J. Tobrey. 

Read April 27, 1835. 

A bout five years ago some specimens of lead ores were pre- 
sented to me for examination by Professor Moore of Columbia 
College. They were taken from a mine near the town of 
Singsing, in the state of New- York, about one mile south of 
the State Prison. The mine had been wrought for silver 
nearly as long ago as the period of the American revolution, 
and has occasionally been opened since that time. In 1^27 
a company was formed for the purpose of working it, under 
the impression that it contained a rich vein of silver. In 
Cleaveland's mineralogy (ed. 2, p. 53'!) native silver is said 
(on the authority of Col. Gibbs) to occur at Singsing, in a 
very small vein. Mr. F. Cozzens obtained a specimen of the 
native metal in that locality in the year 1825. The company 
just alluded to, had theold shall cleared out, and also made, I 
believe, a horizontal opening communicating with the shaft, 

the aide of the hill. A few barrels of ore were taken up, 

and the enterprise abandoned. The specimens that I exani- 

1 consisted of common galena, associated with copper 
pyrites, crystallised carbonate of lead, malachite, and an 
ochery looking Bubstance. The carbonate of lead was mostly in 

I] prismatic crystals which had b( me blackened through- 
out, probably by the sulphuretted hydrogen disengaged from 

decomposing pyrites, but they still retained their high ada- 
mantine lustre. Mostof the lumps of ore, contained much of 
the substance, which I found consisted of clay, oxide 

Discovery of the Yauquelinite. 77 

of iron, and oxide of lead. The malachite was seldom in 
large pieces, but was occasionally well characterized. Mr. 
F. Cozzens found at the mine some fine specimens of green 
phosphate of lead. 

On carefully examining the specimens given to me by Pro- 
fessor Moore, I observed a green, and a brownish -green sub- 
stance, in small mammillary concretions, and also in a granular 
and subpulverulent form. The mammillary portions were from 
one to four lines in diameter. When broken they exhibited a 
radiating structure, and a resinous lustre. They were brittle, 
and yielded a greenish yellow powder. Before the blowpipe 
this substance grows darker and decrepitates, but preserves its 
green color. "With borax it forms a fine green bead. Its 
powder boiled, with a solution of potassa, is decomposed, 
and the product yields a golden yellow solution. When ace- 
tate of lead is added to this solution, a copious yellow preci- 
pitate falls, having exactly the appearance of chrome-yellow. 
Nitrate of silver produced a crimson precipitate, and nitrate of 
mercury, a deep red. Some of the yellow alcaline solution, 
when concentrated by evaporation, yielded crystals agreeing in 
character with those of chromate of potassa. A few grains of 
the powdered mineral were mixed with fused chloride of sodi- 
um and placed in a tube-retort ; on the addition of concentrated 
sulphuric acid, dense red vapours of peroxide of chromium 
were disengaged, part of which condensed into a liquid, resem- 
bling in all respects the liquid called chloro-chromic acid, 
by Dr. Thomson. The existence of chromic acid being now 
rendered certain, it only remained to determine the base or 
bases. A very few experiments showed that the acid was in 
combination with oxide of lead, and oxide of copper. Hence 
the mineral is a chromate of lead and copper, and is identical 
with the Vauquelinite of Berzelius, the cupreous chromate of 
lead of Cleaveland, and plorrib ch/rorni of Brongniart, (his 
plomb chromate' being the red chromate of lead.) The min- 
eral was first examined by Vauquelin, and noticed by him in 

78 Diwovery of the VauqudinvU. 

his analysis of the r, ,1 1 ad ore of 8ih ria* (the ore in which 
chromium was discovered by that celebrated chemisl : but he 
dot- • appear bo have regarded it as a distinct - 
Cleaveland places it as a sub-species, after the chromate of lead. 
It v rt, I believe, raised to the rank of a species by 

'• Dnard,and adopted by Berzelius, who notices it in his essay 
on tlic blowpipe, under the name of Vauquelinite. Most of the 
mod, tii writers on mineralogy, consider it as distinct, both in 
chemical and physical characters from the red ore of chronic, f 
In the Bystem of blohs, Vauquelinite is still placed in the ap- 
pendix which contains thejproposed species, or such as an? not 
Btablished. It must occupy this place in any system 
based on physical characters alone, until its crystalline form 
can be clearly determined; and unfortunately it has hitherto 
only been found, cither massive, or in crystals so microscopic, 
that they cannot be submitted to the goniometer.! 

The Vauquelinite is one of the rarest minerals known. Not- 
withstanding it ih nearly forty years since it was discovered, 
there is but one undoubted locality of it recorded : this is the 

♦ This mineral is not a diehromate as Btated by Turner, (ed. 5. p. 570,) but 

pound identical with tin- ordinary artiticial clirome yellow. It is only red 

in a crysi;i)lii t when reduced to powder, like the red 

chra potassa, and some other red crystalline matters. When it was more 

abundant it \ d as a yellow, not as a red pigment There is, however, 

lining with the redkado •, a disttnd species, lately determined 

[ermann, and calk-d by him Melanochroite. It is crystallised, and its pow- 

dcri- d colour. I»r. Thomsoo | I . L. p. 661) 

■;-'1h ii ns ;i Subsesquichromab of Lead. 

f Dr. Thomson (L a p. 61* Vauquelinite is a compound of two 

atoms of chromate of lead, and one atom of oxide of copper; but Berzelius 

calls it chromate plwmbu .« ■ 1 his 

mpositioD is probably correct Thi obtained by the analy- 

i Berzeli 

Chromic acid . - • - 28 

Protoxide of Lead - - I 

• Oopper - - - id. mi. 

* ! aerely phosphate of lead. 

i . .'■'in. 

Discovery of the Vauquelinite. 79 

gold mine of Berezof, near Catbarineberg in Siberia, where it 
accompanies the red lead ore. The green mineral found with 
the red chromate near Cocoes in Brazil, may be the Vauque- 

My motive for so long postponing an announcement of the 
discovery of this mineral in the United States, was merely a 
wish to make, first, a careful analysis of it ; but I have been 
unable to do this, from the difficulty of obtaining a sufficient 
quantity of it for my experiments. After the mine was found 
not to be productive, the shaft was allowed to fall into ruin, 
and to become full of water, so that it is impossible to open 
the mine again without incurring considerable expense. I 
visited the place last year, for the purpose of exploring among 
the rubbish about the mouth of the mine, but I found only a 
few very poor specimens of the ore. A quantity of it was 
brought to this city some years since, but I have not been able 
to ascertain what became of it. As it may be several years 
before a new supply of the mineral can be obtained, I am in- 
duced to offer this imperfect notice to the Lyceum, hoping 
that it may induce some of our zealous mineralogists to visit 
the locality and clear out the shaft. I ought to state in con- 
clusion, that I have examined the splendid suite of Berezof 
specimens in the valuable cabinet of our associate Mr. Cramer, 
and I found his specimens of Vauquelinite to agree in every 
respect with the Singsing mineral. 

80 X in ('<• nera and Species of 

,' of a •-■ ral ru vo Oi ru ra and Species of North 
American Plants. By J. Torrkt. 

Macranthera Lecontii, Plate 4. 

Segments of the calyx entire, linear-lanceolate, scarcely one- 
third the length of the corolla. 


Root perennial Slem herbaceous, from two to three feet high, 
simple, somewhat pubescent, obtusely quadrangular. Leaves nearly 
smooth on both sides; lower ones ovate-lanceolate, opposite, petiolate, 
pinnatifi Uv lobed, with the segments entire or toothed; the upper ones 
oval, coarsely toothed; those at the base of the peduncles quite entire 
Flowers, in a terminal raceme, erect. Peduncles about an inch long, de- 
clined at the base, and Curved up ward towards the summit, C'llyx sub- 
campanulate, deeply cleft; segments Dearly equal, linear-lanceolate. 
from one-fourth to one-third the length of the corolla, acute. Corolla 
How, an inch long and 2 — 3 lines in diameter, somewhat cylin- 
1 and incurved, of a thick and pretty firm texture; border 5-toothed ; 
the segments ovate-oblong, spreading. Stameris nearly equal, at first 
included, but at length milch exserted, scarcely declined; filuments 
woolly, rather thick; outliers about 3 lines long, linear, sagittate at 
the mewhat cohering, woolly. Ovary ovate, acute, 2-celled, 

!. Style very long and slender. Stigma simple, very mi- 
nute. ( 'aptllU short, ovate, acuminate. 

II. \ii. Iii dry pine woods on the Alatamaha, in Liberty 
County. Georgia. Major Li Contei [n bogs, Middle Florida, 
Dr. Chapman/ Flowers in September. 

Ohs. This plant was discovered about Beven years ago by 
Major I.'- Conte, from whom I received specimens marked, 
•• A oew genus, allied to Grerardia." I proposed for it the 
name Macranthera, but refrained from publishing it. in the ex- 
pectati( hi that the discoverer himself would describe it, which 
however, be declined doing, kindly permitting me the favour 
of making known to botanists this interesting addition to our 

North American Plants. SI 

A second species of the genus was shortly after received in a 
collection of plants gathered by Dr. Gates in Alabama, speci- 
mens of which were distributed by me under the generic name 
of Macranthera ; but before I was prepared to publish my ac- 
count of the new genus, it was described by Mr. Nuttall in the 
Journal of the Academy of Philadelphia,* under the name of 
Conradta fuschioklcs, that learned botanist not being aware that 
a genus belonging to the order Gesneriacea3,t had already 
been called Conradia by Martius, and hence Mr. Bentham, 
in his revision of the genera of Scrophularinea?,t has adopted 
my name, which he found in Dr. Lindlcy's herbarium, but, 
by mistake, quotes it as Mr. Nuttall's. In the recent Synop- 
sis of the Gerardieae, published in the Companion to the Bo- 
tanical Magazine, edited by Sir W. J. Hooker, this error is 

Macranthera belongs to the tribe Gerardiece of Bentham, 
in the order Scrophularinea3, and differs from Gerardia in its 
deeply parted calyx, tubular corolla with a small spreading 
border, and in the much exserted stamens. In the elongated 
stamens it resembles Esterhazya,|| but in that genus the calyx 
is only 5-toothed, and the corolla tubular-campanulate: the 
habit also is very different. Like nearly all the plants of the 
tribe Gerardieee, both species of Macranthera turn black in 
drying. Mr* Bentham was only acquainted with M. fuschl- 
oidcs, in which the segments of the calyx are longer than the 
tube of the corolla, a character which he has introduced into 
his definition of the genus ; but in M. Lcconlli the calyx is 
scarcely one-third the length of the corolla ; so that the generic 
character must be somewhat modified. 

* Vol. vii. p. 88, t. ii. and xii. 

t Nova gen. et. sp. &c, a work which had not reached this country at the 
date of Mr. Nuttall's publication. 

t Published in the Botanical Register for June, 1835. 

II Esterhazya of Mikan., and Bentli. in Hook. romp. hot. mag. p. 203 ; Virgu- 
laria, Martius Nov. gen. et. sp. 3, p . ; Gerardia § Dargcria, Cham, and 
Schlcchl. (not of Bcnth ) 

VOL. IV. 11 

82" \ Genera and Spe* it 


Calyx 5-parted, and unequal. Corolla tubular-infundi- 
buliform; limb Bomewhal bilabiate, 4-lobed ; inferior lobe 
somewhat larger. Stamens 2, superior, included; inferior 
ones wanting. Style simple ; stigma minutely bifid. Cap- 
mi. i: obcordate, compressed, 2-valved, opening at the sum- 
mit; valves entire. Seeds numerous, naked, anatropous. — 
Herbaceous, minute, annua!, throwing up filiform scapes; ra- 
dical leaves linear, sessile ; flowers solitary, botb radical, and 
at the summit of the scapes. — Nat. Old. Scrophulaiune/E. 


Root annual; fibrous, the fibres compressed, linear. Stem very slmo 
compressed, bearing a toll of oblong-linear leaves at its summit. Leaves 
about 2 lines long, rather obtuse, entire, veihless, somewhat succulent. 
S cs filiform and very slender, and 1 — U jnch in length, compressed*, 
bearing a single pair of opposite oval bracts at the top. Bracts nearly 
. omewhat succulent, obscurely 3-nerved. Flowersvery 
minute; radical ones 2 — V> on each plant, attached to short recurved 
peduncles, which originate from the mi'i of leaves; terminal ones soU- 
. neatly sessile between the brackv <i.<. without any proper pe- 
dicel). Ca/yar' 5-parted; the divisions oblong, erect, very obtuse, dotted 
with a Dumber of minute glands. Corolla scarcely a line in length, 
white, Btraight, tapering downward; limb Bomewhal dilated", slightly 
bilabiate, 4-lobed ; the L< t, rounded", and somewlial emarginate; 

the inferior one larger. Stamens constantly :.'. superior, scarcely half as 
long as the corolla; filaments slender, ad natc tin 1 lower two-thirds of 
their Length, Bmooth ; cells of the miliars approximated, subglobose. 
Ovary ovate; acute, compri ssed, surroanded ai the base with a minute 
n 'I disk, '-'-<' Hi d, many -si sded; slyU rather larger than the ovary, subu- 
1 .- n < : $tigma minute, bifid al die summit. CapsvUt broadly obcordate, 
compressed, opening along the edge at the summit; valves entire, cos* 
i dissepiment adhering to the valves. Seeds l<> — 15 in each cell, 
ar-oblong, fuscous, straight ; embryo straight ; cotyledons oblong, dis- 
tinct : radii h obloi 

Mai;. — In small excavations on ilai rocks, where the soil ia 
wet during tin flowerin on; Newton County, Georgia. 

Flowen M ch and April. 1>i tf. C. Leavenworth! 

North American Plants. 83 

Obs. — Specimens of this minute plant were sent tome in 
the autumn of 1S36, by the discoverer, and also byDr. Boykin, 
of Milledgeville, Georgia, who received them from Dr. Lea- 
venworth. It has hitherto been found only in one spot, where 
it occupies a space of four or five feet in diameter, to the ex- 
clusion of almost all other plants. It resembles, at first sight, 
a Callitriche ; and when overflowed, the slender scapes, 
■doubtless become natant. The plant belongs to the order 
Scrophularineae, and is nearly allied to Veronica. Its characters 
and habit are, however, so peculiar, that there can be little 
doubt of its constituting a new genus. From Veronica it differs 
in its tubular-infundibuliform, 5-lobed, and somewhat bilabiate 
corolla. The most remarkable charcter of the plant, is its two- 
fold inflorescence; part of the flowers being produced near the 
root, on short naked pedicels which originate among the radical 
leaves, while others are supported on long capillary bibrac- 
teate scapes. The flowers in both situations are perfect ; 
not like those of Amphicarpaea, some species of Polygala, 
and many Violae, of which those produced near the root are 
incomplete. In Milium am'phicarjpon Pursh, (of which Kunth 
has made a distinct genus) the subterranean flowers, as in the 
Amphianthus, are perfect, like those of the panicle. 

In describing the seeds I have used the term anatropous in 
the sense in which it is employed by Mirbel, and as explain- 
ed by Dr. Gray in his excellent Elements of Botany. 

Empetrum Conradii. 

Branches smooth ; leaves subverticillate and alternate, nar- 
row-linear, when young glandularly hispidulous, in the adult 
state smooth ; flowers aggregated in small capituli, terminal 
and axillary ; scales of the perianth § — G, obovate-oblong, 
smoothish ; stamens 3 — 4 ; style 3 — 4-parted ; ovary 3 — 4- 

c J Nt to (i< in r<i a in! Sjh cies oj 

Sempervirent, procumbent* and much branched, spreading in a cir- 
cular manner; the branehes Bubverticillate and fasciculate, ascending at 
the extremity, invested with a loose gray cuticle, which separates and 
exposes a rcrldish bark. Leaves coriaceous, ahout five lines long, and 
scarcely half an inch in breadth, slightly pointed at the tip, crowded, 
particularly towards tin summit of the branches, mostly somewhat ver- 
tieillatc, hut often opposite, and sometimes alternate; the upper surface 
bright green, under a lens, (particularly in the young leaves) appearing 
red with minute short glandular hairs, when old nearly smooth; 
the true margin remarkably revolute ; the edges nearly meeting on the 
underside; apparent margin minutely denticulate; petiole very short 
but distinct, arii< ulnted to the brandies. Male Fi.owkrs sessile in the 
axils of the leaves al the summit of the last year's branches. Perianth 
composed of 5 or 6 oblong, or obovate-oblong, smoothish scales, the inner 
ones scarcely petaloid, forming an oval bud, from the apex of which the 
stamens protrude. Stamens mostly 3, sometimes 1 ; filaments 2 lines 
long, slender, smooth, inserted into a minute receptacle ; anthers 
roundish, two-celled, opening longitudinally on the outside, no rudiment 
of an ovary. — Fkrtile Flowers inconspicuous, collected in very 
small heads al the summit of the branches. Each head composed of 
!<• Lo 1;.' Bowers, surrounded with a number of short brownish concave 
bracts. Scales pf the perianth ahout f>, obovatc, obtuse: the inner ones 
•mailer, tinged rose-color, nearly smooth. Ovary obovatc, 3 — 4-cclled; 
each cell containing a single ovule; style three times as long as the 
ovary, purplish red, cleft below the middle; lha divisions somewhat 

Hai!. — Sandy fields in pine barrens near Cedar Bridge, 

Monmouth County, New. Jersey! Also near Pemberfon Mills, 
about ten miles from Burlington, in the same state, S. //'. 
Conrad, Esq* ■' 

Obs. — Ihis very interesting addition to die botany of die 
United States, was first discovered by the late Solomon W. 
Conrad, Esq. Professor of Botany in the Dniversirj of Penn- 
sylvania, a short time before his death, but the infirm stale of 

his health did not permit him to examine the plant. My friend 

Dr. Pickering, of Philadelphia, supplied me with some of 
Mi. Coprad's specimens, on which were a few male flowers, 

and afterwards the same plant without fructification, was 

North Amcriafii Plants. S5 

communicated to me by Mr. Rafinesque. A careful examina- 
tion of the scanty materials placed in my hands, soon con- 
vinced me that this little evergreen belonged to the order Em- 
petreje of Nuttall, and that it was a new species of Empetrum 
itself, or possibly of Ceratiola ; but the want of more perfect 
specimens, and especially of the fertile flowers, prevented my 
determining the genus with certainty until the present spring. 
About two years ago I made a visit to the locality at Cedar 
Bridge, pointed out to me by Mr. Rafinesque, for the pur- 
pose of obtaining the fruit. A large patch of it was found 
about one hundred yards south of the western tavern, near 
the roadside, and, on further search, a considerable quantity 
was discovered about four hundred yards south-east of the 
same tavern, in an open sandy space ; but I was unsuccessful 
in my search for the fructification. It is a true evergreen, 
growing prostrate in the pure white sand of that singular re- 
gion, and forming dense circular mats, a yard or two in dia- 
meter. The following year I procured a supply of the living 
plants, which, under the care of my friend A. J. Downing, 
Esq. of Newburgh, have lately produced abundance of pistillate 
blossoms, but, for want of the staminate flowers, they will prove 
abortive. The genus Empetrum belong 1 ; to the small natural 
order Empetreae, which was first indicated by Mr. Nuttall in 
his Genera of North American Plants, (published in 1818) 
and characterized more fully by Mr. D. Don in the Edinburgh 
New Philosophical Magazine (1826). Hooker, in the Bo- 
tanical Magazine, (fol. 2758) has made some valuable remarks 
on the order, under the genus Ceratiola of Michaux. The 
only genera referred to it are Empetrum, Corcma, and Cera- 
tiola, the whole including but five species, which are confined 
to Europe and Extratropical America. Bartling (Ord. Nat. 
p. 372) appears to have drawn the character of the order from 
Empetrum nigrum, since it accords very well with that plant, but 
does not agree in every respect with Ceratiola ; for he states the 
number of the stamens to be three ; and both this author and 

SG Xrir (hurra and Species of 

Dr. Lindley describe the fruit as from 3 to 9-ccllcd, whereas 
Ceratiola haa but two Btaraens, and a 2-celled, 2-seeded berry. 
In that genus, however, the ovary is perhaps many-celled in its 
young state, 01 rather is composed of many carpels, all of which 
are abortive exc< pi two, for the short style is divided into nu- 
merous stigmas, the number of which probably corresponds with 
that of the cells or carpel-. In Corema the fruit is 3-celled. 

Jussieu referred to Ericeae tin 1 only genus of this order 
known to him, bul without being satisfied with its station. Nut- 
tall correctly remarks that Empetrese resemble Ericeae onh in 
their leaves, though I cannot agree with my Learned friend in 

arding them as closely allied to Coniferae. Mr. Don, (with 
whom Lindley seems now to agree) thinks the order holds an 
intermediate place between Euphorbiaceae and Celastrinec. 

The nvw species here described has a strong resemblance 
to the 11. album a native of Portugal, which D. Don, on ac- 
count nf its 3-celled fruit, has separated from the other species of 
the genus, under the name of Corema.*. It lias much the habit 
of K. riihrum, WUld.i a native of the southern extremity of 
South America. It diners, however, in its much narrower 
1( aves, which are not woolly on the margin, hut merely fringed 
with short glandular hairs, and in its nearly smooth branches. 
Th' - of tin 1 flowef also are fewer iii number, and of uni- 

form texture and appearance. 

All the individuals of this species that I saw at Cedar 
Bridge were probablj pistillate, bul I could discover none of 
the fruit, either on the plants or in the sand about them. It 

may seem remarkahle that an evergreen shrub should so long 

have escaped detection, in a region which has been so much 
explored b) botanists a- the sandy district of New Jersej ; but 
man) of the plants of those pine barrens are extremely local, 

and there are >till large traels of the country south of ToiBfl 

• / I I. c, 

« »l t lu-. specie* is given in t lie Bolcnt iter for 

1836, i i • 

North American Plants. S7 

River, that have not yet been examined. Indeed, almost every 
year some additions are made to the Flora of New Jersey, by 
the discovery of new and rare plants,, chiefly from Monmouth, 
Gloucester, and Burlington counties. It is not improbable that 
in some of the unexplored parts of the pine barrens other lo- 
calities of our Empetrum will be found, with the ripe fruit, 
which is still a desideratum in its history. 

In an abstract of the botanical discoveries ofDe la Pylaie in 
Newfoundland, published in the Transactions of the Linnaean 
Society of Paris, this zealous botanist (who never lived to com- 
plete his Flora of that large island) enumerates the Empetrum 
rubrum. Can this be identical with the South American spe- 
cies, or is it our .E. Conradii? The Sckizaa pnsilla of Pursh 
affords a remarkable example of a plant growing in two places 
widely separated in latitude, and only in one intermediate spot- 
Gaudichaud found it in the Falkland Islands, and De la Pylaie 
in Newfoundland, while between these two points it has only 
been detected in the pine-barrens of New- Jersey.* 


Calyx somewhat erect, equal at the base. Petals equal* 
cuneiform, truncate or emarginate. Filaments distinct,., 
toothless. Silk ;(JE sessile, oblong-linear, compressed, some-' 
what inflated and torulose ; valves indistinctly nerved. Style 
distinct, or almost wanting. Stigma minutely bidcntale.- 
Seeds in a single scries, flattened, with a broad \\ inged margin- 
Funiculus free 4 Embryo nearly straight, or with the radicle 

* See Ann. Lye. vol. ii. p. 20li. 

t In honor of Dr. M. C. Leavenworth, of the United States army, an indefati- 
gable botanist, who has largely contributed to our knowledge of the plants of 
Arkansas, Louisiana, and Florida. 

% Adhesion of the funiculis to the septum is not a frequent character in Cru- 
eiferae. Dc Candolle remarks, that it occurs only in Petiocallia andLunaria. It 
has since been noticed in Ptcrolobium, 'Andrz. and Coringia, Heist. 

v ^ New UtnerQ and Species of 

somewhat bent on the cotyledons: the radicle very short, co' 
rjical, pointing obliquely upwards towards the bilum. CO- 
TYLEDONS Orbicular. DlSSEPIMBNT 1-nerved, minutely reticu- 

lated; the areolae transversely linear-oblong. Herbaceous, 

annual ; leaves lyralely pinnatifid ; flowers on long subradical 
peduncles, or in loose racemes, yellow. — Nat. Ord. Cruci- 

r 1 1 1 , 

Li;.\\ r.\\\'"i;Tii ia aikea, Plate 5. 

Style distinct ; embryo nearly straight. 

R rf straight, 6im pic, descending. PI mil 2 — inclics high. Stem nt fir-» 
short and simple, but at Length branching from the base; the branches 
assurgent, Bmooth. Leaves mostly radical, about 2 inches long, (including 
the petioles; pinnatifid : rathi r thick ; segments "1 — 1 parts, roundish-ob- 
long, with a few obtuse teem : terminal one much the largest, somewhat 
orbicular. Racemes 4 — 10-flowered. Flowers in the young plain, so- 
litary, "ii long erect naked peduncles; in advanced specimens racemose 
on the short assurgent branches. Pedicels without bracts, an inch or 
more in Length, filiform, spreading and curved upward. Calyx imbri- 
cate in aestivation*, rather Loose; sepals oblong, obtuse, tinged with 
purple. Petals yellow, tapering to a Long eune;itc base; the limb 
truncate and somewhat emarginate. Stamens distinct; filaments 
slender; anthers oblong. Ovarium sessile, oblong ; style short but dis- 
tinct, straight; stigma minute, somewhat 2-toothed. Silique rather 
more than an inch long, and nearly 2 lines in breadth, slightly torulose, 
rather convex, obscurely nerved. Dissepiment very thin and transpa- 
, separable into two lamina, with a waved central line, or raphe, 
running (rom the summit to the base; under a strong lens exhibiting 
sjiastarnosing veins or tubes, the interstices of which are more or Less 
linear, and transvi rsi . oral right angles to the longitudinal nerve.f Seeds 

a ol the sepal* ia very rare in Orucifera. It was tir^t 
■ ■ i . I: Brown {Obs. on Plants collected by Oudney, c5tc p. 7.) in Navig- 
niaand EUeotia, and Meyer has since detected it in Corin| H it. (/'/. of < 
19 1.) 
• K Brown, \\li<> tirst introduced the structure < > i the dissepiment into cha- 
■ Crucifere, saya, he expects with much confidence that it 
will j«r«-»« nt great uniformity in strict]* natural genera. Restates, that "in 
man) b <■' rtairuy not in all, be found ■ rest mblance in tbia respect in 

more c xtcn»ive gr. [ havi examined many Cru ohiefly North Ame 

North American Plants. 89 

usually 5, much compressed, suspended on short rigid funiculi, ap- 
proximated so that their broad membranaceous margins somewhat over- 
lap. Embryo nearly straight from the earliest to the most mature state. 
The radicle points upward, at first inclined a little from the hilum, but 
gradually approximating towards it. Cotyledons plano-convex. 

IIab. — Wet places on the prairies in the vicinity of Fort 
Towson, Arkansas ; also in Texas, and in Jefferson County, 
Alabama ; Dr. 21. C. Leavenworth ! 

Leavenworth i a Michauxii. 
Style almost wanting; radicle oblique. 

Cardamine uniflora, Michx. I fl. Bor. Amer. 2, p. 29 ; Pursh, fl. 2, p. 
439, D. C. ! syst. 2, p. 251. 

Hab. — On rocks about Knoxville, Tennessee, Michaw! 
v. s. in herb. Mus. Paris. On wet rocks, Kentucky ; very 
rare, Dr. Short! 

Obs. — This species is extremely like L. aurea, but ap- 
pears to be distinct. In habit, and in the form and size of 

rican specie--, without, however, finding this character at all uniform. In Sisym- 
briurn Sophia and S. sophioides, the dissepiment is marked with two very strong 
nerves, extending from the base to the apex, and the tubuli are reticulated ; the 
areola? oblong and longitudinal. In S. obtiisanfjubnii- and S. Columna the tubuli 
form distinct waved descending lines. In S. officinale the dissepiment is opake 
and nerveless; the tubuli very minute, indistinct and descending. In S. ca- 
nescens, Nutt. (which seems to be identical with Erysimum pinnatwm, Walt. 
Cardamine Menziesii, D. 0. and S. brachycarpum, Richards.) the tubuli are irre- 
gular, but a large proportion of the areolae are linear and, and the dis- 
sepiment is 1 -nerved. The funiculi are also adnate. Sisymbrium ThaKana 
has no midnerve to the dissepiment, and the tubuli are reticulated, funning 
oblong longitudinal areolae. 

The tubuli in Arabia ornbigua, D. C. and A. pendula, Linn, are descending, 
forming tortuous parallel lines ; but in A. Tvirrita they aro irregularly reti- 
culated, and the areola amorphous. In A. Canadensis they are exceedingly 
contorted and irregularly reticulated. Notwithstanding this variety in the 
structure of the dissepiment, it is very constant in the same species, and the 
characters derived from it are doubtless otten of generic importance. 

VOL. IV. i'A 

90 .V. w 0\ m ra and Sj„ dps of 

the leaves and flowers, the resemblance is striking. The style. 
however, is very evident in the latter, but is almost wanting in 
/.. Michaweii. The difference in the direction of the radicle 
to be constant. EVom the appearance of the dried 
. I am of opinion that the flowers in the second 
spee pale yellow. Michaux Btatea that the peduncles are 

solitary and one-flowered ; but 1 observed his specimens to be 
caulescent, the short assurgent stems bearing elongated one- 
flowered peduncles, as in the southern species. 

For my first knowledge of the L. aurea 1 am indebted to 
my friend Dr. Short of Kentucky, who shared with me the 
Bpecimens he received from Dr. Leavenworth, its discoverer. 
Subsequently I received some excellent specimens from Dr. 
L. himself. Its general appearance is that of a Cardamine, 
and I supposed it might be a species of that genus, but on ex- 
amining the seed I was surprised to find the embryo almost 
perfectly straight, so that the plant could not be referred to 
either oi 1 >e Candolle'e great suborders of ( Iruciferse, the coty- 
Iedons being decumbent in Plkirokhiz.e, and incumbent in 
NOTORHKLfi. Indeed it is the only species belonging to this 
family, with which I am acquainted, in which the embryo 
jept in the earliest state) is straight.* 
Alter I had complete.! my deseription of this plant, 1 re- 
. <d from Dr. Short a good specimen of Cardamim wiir 
flora^ a species which I had seen in Michaux's herbarium, 
and which I was very desirous of examining again, and com- 
paring with the Leavenwortbia. It proved to be a Becond 
species of the genus, readily distinguishable by the almost 
entire absence ol the style. 

Respecting the value of characters derived from the embryo 

the ba.-is of classification in this large order, some of the 

most distinguished modem botanists differ in opinion. Schkuhr 

. Gsertnerwere well acquainted with the principal diversi- 

tructure which the embryo in Oracifera exhibits. 

among Leguminous. 

North American Plants. 91 

With the latter botanist originated the terms accumbent and 
incumbent now so generally employed, although neither he nor 
Schkuhr used these characters in classifying the Cruciferae. The 
form and direction of the Cotyledons were first introduced into 
the generic characters by R. Brown, in the second edition of 
the Hortus Kewensis, (vol. iv. 1812) but not extensively, as 
this was not a suitable work in which to develope his views. 
De Candolle, in his Systema (1S21), and in his Memoire sur 
les Cruciferes (1821), as well as in his Prodromus, (vol. i. 
1S24), adopted Brown's idea of the importance of the embryo 
in this family, and made it the basis of his classification, but 
carried it further, perhaps, than the great English botanist in- 
tended. It must be confessed that there are a few instances in 
which the modifications of the embryo are not even of generic 
importance, as in Hutchinsia alpina and petrcea, noticed by 
Brown, the cotyledons being accumbent in one species and in- 
cumbent in the other. In Lepklium Yirginicum, as shown in 
Schkuhr's figure, {Handb.* 2, t. 180,) and in Hooker's Flora 
Boreali-Americana, the cotyledons are accumbent, while in the 
rest of the genus they are incumbent. Capsella Bursa pastoris, 
which has incumbent cotyledons, is now generally admitted to 
be distinct from Thlaspi. In Cakile, as the genus is limited by 
De Candolle, there are species in which the cotyledons are 
not accumbent. In the figure of C. cequalis, as given by De- 
lessert in his Icones Selectee, f (the drawings of which were exe- 
cuted by Turpin,) the cotyledons are represented as mcumh ///, 
a circumstance which appears to have escaped the notice of 
De Candolle, although he quotes the figure in his Prodro- 
mus.^: In C. maritime/,, C. A. Meyer§ states that lie found the 
seed in the lower cell of the silique, having the nidicle oblique 
or tangent to the limb of the cotyledon, while in the upper cell 

* There called L. Iberis, but not the plant of Linnaeus thus named. 

f 2, t. 57. 

X 1, p. 186. 

§ Erntm. pi Cauc. p. 186. (1831.) 

92 The Genera arid Species of 

the cotyledons were incumbent. I have carefully examined our 
common species of this genus, which is generally regarded as 
hardly a variety of ( '. maritima, but I find the cotyledons con- 
stantly accumbent. Once, indeed, I saw the lower seed with 
incumbent cotyledons, while in the upper they were in the or- 
dinary state. In another instance they were incumbent in the 
inferior seed, and spirally twisted on the axis of the silicle in 
the inferior. In our common Arahis lijr<ti<i* the cotyledons 
are obliquely incumbent, the radicle lying close by the edge. 

De Candolle states in his Mem. stir [<■■•< < 'rucif, that of 970 
S] m icies of this family, described in his Systema, he had dissected 
the fruits and seeds of more than 700, and yet he noticed 
scarcely any anomalies. lie, however, overlooked the in- 
cumbent cotyledons of Arahis Thaliana, Linn., which Sir W. 
Hooker, following Gay,f has very properly removed to 
Sisymbrium, as the radicle is truly dorsal. 

Some valuable observations on the embryo of Cruciferae, by 
MM. Mnnard and Gay, are recorded in the seventh volume 
of tin- Annales des Sciences Naturelles.J They give an account 
of seventeen species which deviate from the character of the 
suborder to which they were referred in the Systema. Some of 
these were corrected by De Candolle himself in the Prodro- 
mu8, while others were merely placed in wrong genera. 
Aboul half the plants noticed by these botanists are examples 
of accumbent and incumbent species existing in the same genus. 
Dr. Brown (in PI. of Oudney, p. 6,) thinks that in dividing 
Cruciferaj into natural sections, we are not to expect absolute 
uniformity in the state of the cotyledons; at least in theaccum- 
benl and Qatly incumbent states. This learned botanist does 
not, however, inform us to what extent he is at present disposed 

* The tubuli of the dissepiment in this species are like those of A. Ctum,!, nets. 
\ i • 8c Nat. 7. p. 399. 

ITatlollB 8Ur quelqU68 Cniciti'rcs (U ; rritcH par M. Do ('ari'lollc <lans le 

eeeoixi relume d< t. Nat. Beg. Veg. — Par I. P. Monard, aveo dea n i 

. '. 7, pp. 389-419, I L826.) 

North American Plants. 93 

to employ characters derived from Cotyledons, in subdividing 
this great natural family. 

I have remarked that the genus Leavenworthia can hardly 
be referred, with certainty, to either of De Candolle's 
grand divisions of the Cruciferas. In the mature seed the 
radicle is only about one-fourth the length of the cotyledons, 
very slightly curved, or bent a little to one side, thus showing 
a tendency to become accumbent. This is its form at the 
earliest appearance of the embryo.* It is always directed up- 
ward (or towards the style, as the seed lies in the pod) ; at 
first turned a little from the umbilicus towards the opposite 
side of the replum, but gradually becoming erect, or even 
inclining towards the hilum, as the seed becomes more com- 
pletely campulitropous. 

It remains for me to notice the affinities of this new genus. 
Disregarding the peculiarity of the embryo, the only tribe of 
Pleurorhiz.e, with which it can be compared, is Arabidece ; 
and among Notorhiz.e, it has but little resemblance to any, 
except to a small section (Arabidopsis) of the genus Sisym- 
brium, all of which have white flowers. 

In the form of the silique, and in the margined seeds, it ap- 
proaches some species of Arabis ; but the valves are not nerved, 
and the flowers are yellow. Its resemblance to the species of 
Cardamine with pinnated leaves, particularly to C. Ludovi- 
ciana,-f (which deviates from the character of the genus in its 

* The embryo of Cruciferae, when first visible, is always straight, lying with its 
radicle pointing to the foramen on one side of the campulitropous seed : viz. 
that which would be the superior portion of it were the seed straight, with 
the cotyledons directed to the curved part, or apparent summit. As the embryo 
grows, it curves round, so that the cotyledons fold upon the radicle, and are thus 
directed to the hilum, which, in seeds of this kind, is always next the foramen. 
The gradual curvature of the embryo in Cruciferffl is clearly exhibited in plate 
42, fig. 3 of Brongniart's admirable Memoire sur la Generation et le Developpe- 
ment de VEmbryon dam les Veg. Pltaa. Ann. des Sc. Nat. torn. 12. I have ob- 
served the same changes in Arabis Turrita and A. ambigua. 

f C. glauca Spreng. (Deless. ic. 2, t. 31.) also has margined seeds. 

9± -V- w Genera and Species of c£c. 

broad silique, margined, and even winged seeds) is consider- 
able, but it differs widely in the shape and color of the petals. 
the structure of the dissepiment, and in many other respects. In 
the broad Bilique and dissepiment (compared with any of the 
Arabidese) it seems allied to some Alyssinese, especially if we 
retain in that tribe the remarkable Selenia of Nuttall, which 
resembles our plant in the transverse areolae of the dissepi- 
ment, pinnatirid leaves, and yellow flowers. In that genus, 
however, the fruit is broader, the style longer, and the seeds 
are truly accumbent, although the radicle is unusually short, 
and is directed horizontally with respect to the axis of the 
fruit. Upon the whole I consider it more nearly related to 
Selenia than to any other knQwn genus. 

Description of the Plate of Leavenworthla. 

:. 1. A young plant of L. aurea, of the natural size. 

2. A full grown plant of the same. 

3. A flower magnified. 

4. A petal do. 

5. The silique laid open to show the arrangement of 

the seeds. 

6. The replum and dissepiment, exhibiting the longi- 

tudinal nerve, and the funiculi. 

7. The embryo. 

8. A transverse section of the same. 

9. Pistil of L. Michauxii. 

10. Silique of the same. 

11. Embryo. 

Observations on the genus Sarracenia ; with an Account 
of a New Species. By H. B. Crooh. '(Corresponding 

Bead September 5th, 1836. 

Having enjoyed very favourable opportunities of observing 
the genus Sarracenia, and having examined all the known 
species in their native situations, I have been induced, while 
preparing a notice of an undescribed species, to extend my re- 
marks so as to include a cursory account of the whole of this 
curious genus. On account of their singular structure these 
plants have alwa}'S been objects of more than common interest ; 
and the fact that they are exclusively North American, gives 
them an additional claim to the notice of our own botanists. 
The genus Sarracenia,* was named by Tournefort, in 
honour of Dr. Sarrasin, a French physician of considerable 
eminence, who resided at Quebec,in the latter part of the seven- 
teenth and in the beginning of the eighteenth century, and by 
whom, probably, the earliest known species was sent to Europe. 
Dr. Sarrasin was a correspondent of Tournefort, and also of 
the Koyal Academy of Sciences at Paris, and appears to 
have been a man of extensive acquirements, both in medicine 
and natural history. Charlevoix, in his travels, referring to 
the paper on the beaver, in the Memoirs of the Royal Aca- 
demy, (An. 1704, p. 48) says — "On y a insere une descrip- 
tion anatomique du Castor, faite par M. Sarrasin, correspondant 
de TAcadcmie, Medecin du Eoi dans ce pays, habile dans la 
me'decine, dans l'anatomie, dans la chirurgie, et dans la bota- 
nique ; qui a l'esprit fort orne, et qui ne se distingue pas moins 
dans la conseil superieure, dont il est membre, que par son 

* Or, as it should have been written, Sarrasinia. 

9G Observations on the genus Sarracenia; 

ilite" clans tout qui est de sa profession. On est veritable- 
ment Burpris de trouver une bomme d'un merite si univerael 

dans une colonic."* 

Kalraf also makes honorable mention of Dr. Sarrasin, and 

»rms us that he died at Quebec of a malignant fever, con- 
tracted at the hospital where be visited the sick. 

The genua SarraCi nia was,itappears,originallyestablishedon 
S. purpurea, the only species that extends as far north as ( la- 
inula, and was placed in PolyandriaMonogyniaof theLinmean 
artificial system. In the natural method it was somewhat doubt- 
fully referred to Papaveraceae, b} r Jussicu ; but was afterwards 
raised to the rank of an independent order by De La Pylaie,$ 
under the name of Sorrow nice, or, as adopted by later writers, 
Sarraeemacea). Both Jussicu and De La Pylaie were unac- 
quainted with the structure of the embryo in Sorrow not ; it 

. however, been observed to be dicotyledonous by Hooker,§ 
and also by Nuttall,| who witnessed the germination oi S. 

purea at Philadelphia, and describes the embryo as fur- 
nished with perfectly distinct, long and linear cotyledons. 
The order Sarntceiiiaee;e is generally considered to be more 

nearly allied to Papaveracese and Nymphseacese than to any 
others, and is accordingly placed by Dr. Hooker between these 
two orders. Professor Lindley,*J without however denying the 
importance of these affinities, takes a different and somewhat 
unsuspected view of the alliances of the order, believing it to 
be very nearly related to Dionsea, the dilated leafstalks of 
which only require their margins to cohere to be identical with 
tin- pitchers of Sarracenia. A Bimilar peculiarity in foliage is 
Cephalotus, Nepenthes and Dischidia; but the re- 

- < a. ;--. p. *j~-98. 

f J .'. th A,,,,, I Inn, 17^ -'"6. 

8 .!''•. 8, p, 

B I . . 
\ T . lea), i, /■. .'.'•. 

• . .v - ]' .i /■. L60. 

With an Account of a New Species. 97 

semblance does not extend farther. The only thing common 
to all these plants is, as Dr. Brown remarks,* that they are all 

The pitchers, or tubular portion of the leaves of all the 
species of Sarracenia, it is well known, commonly contain a 
great number of dead insects. The manner in which they are 
imprisoned was first distinctly explained by William Bartram,t 
and is particularly illustrated in a letter from the late Dr. Mac- 
bride, of South Carolina, to Sir James E. Smith, published in 
the 12th volume of the Transactions of the Linnaean Society 
of London.! 

The water usually found in the leaves is no doubt chiefly de- 
rived from rains and dews, and is not, in any considerable de- 
gree, furnished by secretion from the plant itself, as in Nepen- 
thes distillatoria, and some other plants of the kind, in which 
the orifice is completely closed by an operculum.^ De Can- 
dolle|| has somehow fallen into the error of supposing that the 

* London and Edinb. Jour. Science, ^c. for Oct. 1832. 

t Travels through N. and S. Carolina, Georgia, Florida, $c. (1791 introd* 
p. xix. 

t Read in December, 1815. See also Elliott, Sketch of the Botany of South 
Carolina and Georgia, 2, p. 12. — " It may be sufficient here to remark that the 
throat or orifice of these leaves is generally covered with]a saccharine secretion or 
exudation. Immediately below the throat, for the space of nearly an inch, the 
surface is highly polished, while the lower part of the tube is covered with hairs 
all pointing downwards. When an insect is attracted, in the first instance, by 
the secretion of the plant, or perhaps even by the water, descends, as it easily can 
do, along this declining pubescence, it appears incapable of ascending by its feet 
alone, and can only escape by a flight so perpendicular as to surpass the power of 
most insects. Whenever they touch the bristly sides of the tube, they are preci- 
pitated again to the bottom, and have to renew their efforts, and many insects, 
even of a larger size, perish in this arduous and hopeless struggle.'' 

§ Sic metamorphosis folii NymphnRae in folium Snrraceni.c, ut ipsa aquam plu- 
vialem excipiens, at rctinens extra a quas crescat ; mira nature providentia ! — 
Linnceus, Syt. Nat. (cd. 12), p. 361 — an idea which seems to have been furnished 
by a passage in one of Peter Collinson's letters to Linnsus, dated May I, 1765, 
in these words : " The leaves of the two species of Sarracenia are as surprising 
as the flowers ; for they are open tubes, contrived to colloct the rains and dews, 
to nourish the plants in dry weather." — Correspondence of Linn. I. p. 66. 

II " Tantot il diverge dc la lige de* sonorigine, et a l'apparence d'un tube vide 
VOL. IV. 13 

98 Observations on the genus Sarracenia; 

leaves of Sarracenia have a lateral slit, which prevents their 
holding any considerable quantity of water. This, however, 
is not the case ; and nothing is more common than to (ind the 
tuhes in some species (especially in S. purpurea and S. jlava) 
half or two-thirds filled with water. 

The genus Sarracenia is, as is well known, exclusively North 
American, no species having been detected west of the Alle- 
gany mountains. They are mostly found in the sphagnous 
swamps, savannas, &c. of the southern Atlantic states, a single 
species (jSL purpurea) being, however, common in the northern 
states, extending even to Newfoundland and Hudson's Bay. 

Sarraceniaceje. DelaPylaic, in. Ami. Linn. Soc. Paris, 
6, p. 388, t. 13 ; Hook, Fl. Bor. Am. 1. p. 33 ; Lindl. In- 
trod. Nat. Syst. (ed. 2) p. 34. 

Sakracema, Linn, Qtn» ]>/. p. 886; Walter, Fl. Car. p. 
152 ; M'trhr. Fl. Bar, Am. I. p. 310 ; Pursh, Fl. Am. Sept* 
II. p. 300 ; Nutt. Gen. N. Am. PI. II. p. 10 ; Elliott, Bot. S, 
Car. and Georg. II. p.. 9. 

Sarracena, Tourn. Inst. Rei. Herb. 

(Character the same as of the order.) 

1. Sarracenia purpurea, Linn. 

S. foliis breviusculia assurgentibuSi tubo ventricoso gibbo, 
fauce coarctata, ala latis-inia arcuata, lamina erecta subreni- 
fonni — cordata inius pilosa, florc purpureo. 

Sarracenia purpurea, Linn. Sp. PL ;>, 729 ; Walter, Fl. Car. p. 
V,2; Mich. Fl. Bor. Am. 1. p. '.]\0. Pursh, Fl. Am. Sept. p. 367 ; 
Elliott, Bot. S. Car. and Glut". II. p. 9. 

findu §ur le cot6 ; c'csl cc qoi a li< u dans lrn Sarracenia, soil q'on y considere le 
tab* commc formi: par un petiole foliace ou par lc limbe dc la mrmc fcuillc ; ce 
iwhr it Siirr.K i nil ru- prut contcnir que pcu on point dc liquulc a cause dc la 
fi»»ur<? Ulerile." — Orgnnogmphir Vrgctalr, I p 818 

With an Account of a New Species. 99 

Coilophyllum Virginianum breviore folio. Morris. Hist. III. p. 533. 
Bucanephyllum Americanum. Plunk. Amalth. t. 376, f. 6. 
Sarracenia foliis gibbis, Gronov. Virg. 164. 

Icon. Bot. Mag. t. S49 ; Miller, Die. I. t. 241 ; Catesby, Car. II. 
t. 70 ; Plunkenett, Amalth. t. 376,/. 6. 

Habitat. From Hudson's Bay to the Gulf of Mexico. 
Hudson's Bay, Michaux ; Newfoundland, De la Pylaie ; Ca- 
nada, Dr. Richardson, Drummond ; Massachusetts, Prof. 
Hitchcock ; New- York and New- Jersey, Dr. Torrcij; Virginia, 
Gronov ; Carolina, Catesby ; near Newbern N. C ! ; near 
Wilmington, N. C. Mr. Curtis; middle district of Carolina 
and Georgia, Elliott ; near Charleston S. C ! Florida and 
Alabama ! 

Observations. Leaves 4 — 8 inches long, tubular, bulging 
in the middle, arcuate, ascending. Wing very broad and ar- 
cuate. Lamina erect, very hairy on the inner surface. Tube 
often nearly filled with water. Scape about a foot high, bear- 
ing, as in all the species, a single nodding flower, which in this 
is large and purple. 

This is, of all the species, the best known and the most ex- 
tensively diffused. It is that on which the genus was founded, 
according to the Encyclopedia of Plants, having been known 
in Europe as early as 1640. 

S. heterophylla of Eaton is probably nothing more than S. 
purpurea ; but has the plant yellow flowers? 

2. Sarracenia rubra, Walter. 

S. foliis longiusculis erectis gracilibus, t.ubo sursum sensim 
dilatante, ala angusto-lineari, lamina erecta mucronata basi sub- 
coarctata, flore rubro— purpureo. 

Sarracenia rubra, Wall. Ft. Car. p. 152 ; Willi. II. p. 1150 ; El- 
liott, Bot. S. Car. and Georg. II. p. 10 ; Hooker, Ex. Fl. p. 13. 
Icon. Hooker, Ex. Fl. t. IS. 

100 Observations on the genus Sarracenta ; 

Habitat. Middle country of South Carolina. Elliott. 
Common in swamps between Aiken, S. C. and Richmond 
County, N. C, flowering in May ! Buncombe* County, North 
Carolina. Mr. Curds in lit. 

Observations. Leaves 10 — IS inches long, rather slen- 
der, reticulated with purple veins. Tube enlarging regularly 
towards the summit, like a trumpet. Lamina erect, clothed 
with very fine hair on the inner surface. Wing narrow and 
linear. Scape much longer than the leaves. Flower reddish- 

Pureh certainly erred when he united this species with S. 
psittacina of Micbaux, an error in which he was followed by 
Nuttall and some others. Elliott and Hooker have both re- 
marked the incongruity of the two species as described, espe- 
cially in the " recurved, fornicated appendix" of the latter. 
Nor are the leaves of S. rubra short for this genus, as those of 
S. psittacina are said to be. 

3. Sarracenia Drummondii, nobis t. 

S. foliis longis erectis, tubo sensim dilatato, ala angusto- 
lineari, lamina erecta suborbiculari intus pilosa tuboquesuperne 
venis colaratis reticulata, interstitiis albis, flore purpureo. 

Habitat. Near the town of Appalachicola in Florida. 
Abundant on the western borders of the Appalachicola river, 
below Ocheesee. Dr. A. W. Chapman, in lit. Flowers in 

Observations. Loaves long, (20 — 30 inches) erect, trurn- 

' TIm» is ihc in.'M western locality vet ascertained 

With an Account of a Neiu Species. 101 

pet-shaped. Wing very narrow and linear. Lamina nearly 
orbicular, contracted at base, and thickly clothed on the inner 
surface with conspicuous hairs. The upper part of the tube 
and the lamina, on every side, reticulate with purple veins, 
with the interstices white ; the maculation larger and more dif- 
fused than in S. Variolaris. 

The tube of one of the specimens which we have of this 
species contains, besides other dead insects, a large butterfly, 
(Papilio Turn us) ! 

I have described this species from specimens in the herba- 
rium of Dr. Torrey, who received a few leaves, without flowers, 
from Sir William Jackson Hooker, to whom they had been 
sent by Drummond, from Appalachicola in 1835. In the 
spring of the present year (1836) Dr. A. W. Chapman ob- 
tained the plant in flower in the neighbourhood of Appalachi- 
cola, and gave a specimen to Dr. Torrey, by whose kindness I 
have been permitted to describe it here. 

From the very hairy lamina or appendix of this plant, its 
reticulate veins, and the size and form of its leaves, a suspicion 
was at first excited that this might be Elliott's S. Catcsbcei, but 
its purple flower and remarkable maculation entirely separate 
it from that plant, which is no other than a variety of S. flava. 

4. Sarracenia psittacina, Michaux. 

S. foliis brevibus reclinatis venoso-reticulatis albo-maculatis, 
tubo venticoso, ala sursum subcuneatim latescente, lamina re- 
curvata subgloboso — inflata carinata muronata tubum pene 
claudente, ore subrotundo parvo, flore purpureo. 

Sarracenia psyttacina, Mich. Fl. Bor. Am. I. p. 311. 
Sarracenia calceolata, Nult. Trans. Am. Ph. Soc. IV. p. 49. 
Sarracenia pulchella, Croom in Sill. Journ. Oct. 1833. 
Icon, Trans. Am. Phil, Soc. IV. pi. 1. 

102 Observations on t hi genus Sarracenia ; 

Habitat. Georgia and Florida. " Ab urbe Augusta 
Georgia; and Floridam." Michaux. Tatnall County, Ga., and 
10 miles west of Tallahassee, Florida. Nutatt. NearQuincy, 
Ida. Dr. A. W. Chapman. Between the Tologie and the 
Appalachlcola, in wet pine woods ! Flowers March to April. 

Oj;m;i;vati"Ns. Leaves 3 — 4 inches long, reclinate, with 
reticulate purple veins, and whitish diaphanous spots, like those 
of S. variolaris, but smaller. The autumnal leaves are longer, 
and van somewhal from the vernal in form and appearance, 
especially in the longitudinal vlng. They are about six inches 
in length. Tube ventricose. Lamina very curiously incurved 
and fornicated, almost closing the tube, and looking not unlike 
the head of a parrot, as Michaux has remarked. Scape about 
a foot high. Flower reddish-purple. Even this species, not- 
withstanding the smallness of the aperture of the tube, acts as a 
fly-catcher. Indeed when they have once entered through this 
small orifice, their condition is more hopeless than in any of the 
other species. 

This species of Michaux was long lost to our botanists. 
Pursh united it with S. Rubra of Walter, the incongruity of 
which is evident. Still, as the plant had not been found since 
Michaux's time, Nuttall, who adopted the error of Pursh, when 
he at length found the plant, considered it as new, and describ- 
ed it in the work we have already referred to. Influenced by 
the opinions of others, and not having Been the description of 
Nuttall's S. calceolata, I mentioned it as new under the name 
of 8. pidchella. Bui I am now satisfied of its identity with 
S. ptittacina of Michaux, whose description agrees accurately 
with this plant. Their Habitat also agrees. 

5. Sakracenia variolaris, Michaux. 

8. foliis longiusculissuberectis, tubo paulo ventricososuperne 
dorso maculato, ala lineari — lanceolata, lamina incurvata for- 
nicata, (lore flavo. 

With an Account of a Nciv Species. 103 

Sarracenia variolaris, Mich. Fl. Bor. Am. I. p. 310. 

Sarracenia minor Walt Fl. Car, p. 153 ? 

S. adunca, Smith, Ex. Bot. I. t. 53. 

Icon. Bot. Mag. 1710 ; Loddige, Bot. Cab. t. 

Habitat. From South Carolina to Florida. Michaux. 
Around the pine-barren ponds along the sea-coast of South 
Carolina and Georgia. Elliott. Common in Middle Florida 
and the southern parts of Georgia, in wet pine woods ! Abun- 
dant near Charleston, S. C ! Flowers March — April. 

Observations. Leaves 12 to IS inches long, nearly- 
erect, a little bent or reclinate near the base. Tube a little 
ventricose, curiously marked on the back, near the summit, 
with whitish diaphanous spots. Wing somewhat broad. La- 
mina arched, vaulted and incurved over the throat of the tube. 
Flowers yellow. 

6. Sarracenia Flava, Linn. 

S. foliis longissimis erectis tubo sensim dilatato, a la lineari 
angustissima, lamina erecta basi coarctata lateribus retroflexis, 
flore flavo. 

Sarracenia flava, Sp. PI. II. 1150 ; Walter, Fl. Car. p. 153 ; Michx. 
Fl. Bor. Am. L p. 310 ; Pursh, Fl. Am. II. 367 ; Elliot, Bot. S. Car. 
and Georg. II. p. 10. 

Sarracenia Catesbaei, Ell. Bot. S. Car. and Georg, II. p. 11. 

Coilophyllum Virginianum, Morris. Hist. II. p. 533. 
Bucanephyllum elatius, Plunk. Amalth. 

Sarracenia foliis rectis, Gronov. Virg. 164. 

Icon. Bot. Mag. 780 ; Cates. Car. 77. t. 69 ; Plunk. Amalth. t, 376, 
/■ 5. 

Habitat. From the southern borders of the Chesapeake 
Bay to the Gulf of Mexico. Southhampton County, Va. Br. 
Pickering. Virginia, Gronov. Near Newbern, N. C. ! Near 
Wilmington, N. C, Mr. Curtis. Abundant in the middle 

10-4 Observations on the genus Sarracenia, ^<r. 

districts of Carolina and Georgia, Ell. Near Charleston, S. C! 
Common in the wet pine woods of Middle Florida! 

Observations. Leaves very long, 24 to 3G inches, erect, 
trumpet shaped. Wing very narrow, linear. Lamina erect, 
mucronate, wiih the sides at base usually reflected. This is 
the largest species of the genus* In the savannas of North and 
South Carolina 1 have sometimes gathered the leaves full 
three feel long, which is precisely the length assigned by 
Catesby to the leaves of this species. 

In the southern states, where this species is common, its 
leaves are known by the appropriate name of " trumpets.'''' 
Elliott's Sarracenia, Catesbcei, is, as I have ascertained by the 
inspection of his herbarium, scarcely even a variety of this 
species, and differs from the ordinary form of the plant only 
by the more conspicuous veins and pubescence of the lamina. 
It agrees very well with the figure in Catesby above-cited, which 
Elliott refers to his S. Catcsbai, while both Willdenow and 
Pursh quote the same figure as belonging to S. jlava. 

Melanthacearum America Scptcntrionalis Revisio. 
Auctore Asa Gray. 

Ordo MELANTHACEiE. R. Brown. 

Melanthaceae Lindl. nat. syst. ed. 2. excl. § Paridese et gen. nonnul. 
Colchicaceae D. C. Jl. Fran. ed. 3. ; Bartl. ord. nat. etc. 
Veratreae Salisb. in hort. trans. ; Agardh aphor. etc. 
Juncorum gen. Juss. 

Calyx et corolla consimiles, fere asquales, plerumque per- 
sistentes, perianthium hexamerium liberum stepissime petaloi- 
deum constituentes ; foliolis plus minus distinctis vel unguibus 
in tubum gracilem coalitis, aestivatione soepe involutis. 

Stamina 6 (in Pleea 9 — 12); filamentis persistentibus. 
Anthers biloculares vel pseudo-uniloculares, extrorses, inter- 
dum innatae, rarissime introrsae. 

Ovaria 3 (rarius abortu unica), saepius pluriovulata, intus 
plus minus coalita : styli totidem distincti, introrsum stigmatosi 
seu stigmatibus simplicibus desinentes. Ovula anatropa, 
plerumque biseriata, ascendentia. 

Capsula membranacea vel coriacea, trigastra, saspius tri- 
partibilis, carpellis sutura ventrali dehiscentibus, nunc dehis- 
centia loculicida. 

Semina 5 — 20 (rarius 2) in carpellis singulis, saepe com- 
pressa et testa membranacea (nee atra nee Crustacea) undique 
marginata aut utrinque appendiculata. Albumen carnosum. 
Embryo parvus, in albumine inclusus, juxta hilum positus. 

vol. iv. 14 

10(3 Mdunthacearum America Septentrionalis Revirio* 

Herb^e cormo vol bulho tunicato (quandoque rhizomate 
hozontali) perennantes : radicibus fibrosis, interdum crassis fas- 
ciculatisque. Caules simplices, saepe scapiformes, nunc ab- 
breviati ant hypogaei. Folia graminea, cyperoidea, ye] 
plaritaginea, rarius condujilicata vel equitantia, basi caulis 
Bcpe conferta, superae alterna, pHss minus amplcctantia seu 
vaginantia. Flares hermaphrodUi seu abortu polygatni, rarius 
subdioici, racemosi vcl spicati (racemis simplicibus vel com- 
posilis), nunc solitarii. 

Obs. I. Genera infra posita, hue doctissimo Lindleyo et 
aliis collocata, ex hoc ordine depello ; scilicet : 

1 . Molina Miehx. quae oh antheras introrsas et stylos (vix 
ullos) eoalitos, nccnon pedicellos saepe aggregates, in medio ar- 
ticulatos, Asphodeleis potius referenda. Fructum maturum et 
semina non vidi. 

2. Disporum Salisb. (genus primura preclarissimo Brownio 
indicatum*), Drapiezia, Blum. Schelhammera jR. Brown, et 
forsan Tricyrtis, Wall. (= Compsoa Don), omnia antheris 
extrorsis, quae, cum Uvularia, sectionem parvam ordinls (seu 
classis) Liliacearum (prope Convallarineas) constitucre vi- 

3. Paris, Trillium, Medeola, Myreiphyllum. (Parades 
L'niill. Trilliacea J>. C .) Sec, necnon Convallaria, Strep- 
topus, etc., ad Smilaceas a cl. Brownio referebantur, Bed dis- 
sident in babitu, foliorurnque structure (cl. Lindleyo nuper 
monentet), el maxime seminibua anatropisj, nunquani ortho- 
tropis modo seminum Smilacis et Kipo^oni. Mdaniliaceis 
accedunt Btigmatibua Btylisve discreds, etc., sed diverse bu>I 

• Prodr. H. Not Roll. i. f 8|0 
Nat. iy*t ed 2, f B 

i n; pl( ri»que Tiilliii loto raphide interta rant) ideoque quasi hctero- 

tropa vident'ir 

Melanthacearum America. Septentrionalis Revisio. 107 

pericarpio baccato, antheris introrsis, et habitu : equidem statio 
propria est inter Liliaceas juxta Uvulariam et Convallariam. 

Obs. II. Perianthium et filamenta (necnon styli et stigmata) 
in omnibus Melanthaceis Boreali Americanis persistentia sunt ; 
in aliis nonnullis decidua. 

Obs. III. Melanthaceae in tribus duas facile dividi possunt: 

1. CoLCHiCEyE ; acaulescentes ; floribus plerumqueex cormo 
ortis, pedicellis hypogaeis ; foliolis perianthii longissime un- 
guiculatis, saepius in tubum gracilem cohcerentibus ; stylis gra- 
cillimis quandoque plus minus coalitis. 

2. Melanthe^e ; caulibus scapiformibus, saepe foliosis ; 
floribus racemosis spicatisve ; foliolis perianthii distinctis vel 
breviter coalitis, unguibus brevibus aut nullis ; stylis brevibus, 
stigmatibusve fere semper distinctis. 

Has Asphodeleis, illae, habitu Croci, Iridaceis magis conveni- 
unt. Tofieldiae § Triantha praeclare Melanthaceas Juncaceis 

* Vid. ailnol sub TofieldiA 

108 Melanthaccarum America Septcntrionalis Rcrisio. 

Conspectus generum Boreali-Americanorum. 


I. Leucocrinum, Nutt. Perianthium hypocrateriforme. 
Styli coaliti, stigmatibus lamellato-dilatatis. Radix fasciculata. 


% 1. Antheraz iiseudo-unilocularcs, post dehisccjitiam chj- 

* Perianthii foliola bi glandulosa : styli stigmatibus simplicibus desi- 

2. Zigadenus, Michx. Flores hermaphroditi. Foliola 
perianthii exunguiculata. Filamenta libera. 

3. Leimanthium, WiUd. Flores plerique polygami. Fi- 
lamenta unguibus perianthii foliorum accreta. 

** Perianthii foliola c glandulosa, exunguiculata: styli stigmatibus 
$unplioibua desint ntcs. 

4. Veratrum, Linn. Flores polygami, in racemis com- 
posite. Stamina perianthio breviora. 

a. Perianthii foliola obtusa, l>asi plus minus angustata. Folia dilainta. 
plicato-nervosa, caulera vaginantia. 

b. Stewak "i'iim m. Perianthii foliola Lanceolata, amiissima, basi fere 
< 1 1 1 n f .- 1 1 m , staminibua multd loagiora> Folia anguatd lineaxia oaulem 
hau'l vaginantia. 

5. Amiamhii'm. riorcs hermaphroditi, racemis simpli- 
cibus compositisve. Stamina perianthio plerumqud longiora. 

Melanthacearum America Sepentrionalis Rcvisw. 109 

6. Schcenocaulon. Flores (minimi) in scapum pergra- 
cilem nudum arete spicati. Stamina perianthio longiora. 

§ 2. Anther <& hlloculares. 

Obs. Perianthii foliola in generibus Americanis hujus sectionis exun- 
guiculata et eglandulosa sunt. 

* Stigmata sessilia (seu styli intits 2>rorsus stigmatosi). 

7. Xerophyllum, Michx. Flores hermaphroditi. Cap- 

sula loculis dispermis. Filamenta inferne valde dilatata. 


Helonias, Linn. Filamenta inferne haud dilatata. Capsula 

a. Flores hermaphroditi. Capsula obcordata, tricocca. 

b. Cham.elir.ium, Willd. Flores dioici. Capsula ovoidea. 

** Styli stigmalibus simplicibus desinenles. Folia equitantia. 

9. Tofieldia, Huds. Flores hermaphroditi, involucro 

a. Flores simpliciter racemosi vel spicati, modo florendi centripeto. 
Anthersc introrsa?. 

b. Triantha, Nutt. Flores plerumque ternatim fasciculati, modo 
florendi centrifugo. Anthers innate. Semina utrinque subulata. 

10. Pleea, Michx. Flores hermaphroditi, bracteis spa- 
thaceis. Stamina 9 — 12 ; antheris versatilibus introrsis. Se- 
mina apice setaceo-caudata. 

110 Mdanthacearum America Scptentrionalis Revisit). 

triij. 1. COLCHICE^E. 


Flores hennaphroditi, ex caule brevissimo subterraneo 
orti. Perianthium bypocrateriforme ; tubo gracillimo, prae- 
longo ; laciniis ovalibus limbi patentis requalibus. Stamina 
6, requalia ; filamentis tubo perianthii fere ad apicem adnatis. 
Anther. n lineares, biloculares (basin aflixa^) introrsae. 
Ovarium globoso-ovatum, carpellis tribus pluriovulatis con- 
cretis coinpositum : styli filiformes, vix ad apicem coaliti ; 
stigmatibus lamellato-dilatatis. Capsula membranacea (baud 
inflata), subglobosa, loculis 5 — 6-sperrais. Semina (biseriata) 

Radix fasciculata, carnosa : caulis vix ullus : folia anguste 
linearia : flores albi, breve pedunculati, spatbis angustissimis 

Leucocrinum montanum, Nu(t. ined. 

Rad'u e fibris plurimia crassitie pennee Corvi. Folia plurima, (ut 
ntiir) crasiuscula, plana, 8 unc. longa, vix 2 lin. lata, acutiuscula. 
Flores (G — 8) foliis iniilio breviores; pedunculia omnibus radicalibus, 
unifioris, ilciiiuiii fert uncialibus. Perianthii tubus persistans, 2 — 3 
unc. longUS, filiformis ; liinbus niauiiitudine lloruin Ornitltogali 
umbcUati. Stamina perianthium vix eequantia; antheris lincaribus. 
Stylus Btamizubus pauld brevior; stigmatibus fert obcordatis. 
Captvla (immature) vi\ Bupra terrain, membranaceae, 3 — 4 lin. lata?, 
(ul v'nbniur loculicidi- drbisn nil s.) stylo e( perianthio pcrsistcnte coro- 
nal;:-. Semina m La Colcliico. — Floret a\.prili. 

Sab. In planitiebus aids fluminia Platte, iS'intall! 

Melanlhaccarum America Septentrionalis Revisio. Ill 

Obs. Genus a Colcliico diversum, stylis coalitis, antheris 
adnatis, et capsulis membranaceis non inflatis ; a Bulbocodio, 
unguibus perianthii totis concretis, etc. ; ab utroque praesertim 
stigmatibus lamellatis, radice fasciculata, et deiectu cormi. Si 
tamen Merendera, Bulbocodium, et Monocaryum, ut monet 
doctiss. Brownio,* potius subgenera Colchici sunt, forsan hoc 
quoque illi referendum est. 

Specimina sicca a eel. Nuttallio lecta et mihi benevole com- 

trib. 2. MELANTHEjE. 

2. ZIGADENUS, Michx. 

Flores hermaphroditi. Perianthii foliola basi subcoa- 
lita, exunguiculata, petaloidea, patentissima, inferne glandulis 
binis (saepe connatis) instructa. Stamina 6 : filamenta basi 
dilatata, cum perianthii foliolis inserta, eademque subaequantia. 
Anthers cordatae, sinum affixae, vix extrorsas (loculis apice 
connatis et confluentibust), post dehiscentiam clypeolatae. 
Ovaria 3, intus concreta, pluriovulata, sursum attenuata, sty- 
lisque gracilibus desinentia : stigmata simplicia vel subcapital. 
Capsula ovato-conoidea, coriaceo-membranacea, subtriloba, 
superne tripartibilis, carpellis intus dehiscentibus ; loculis 
6 — 8-spermis. Semina oblonga, aptera, nunc apice vix 

* Observations on the plants collected by Oudncy, «£c. p. 37. 
t Ideo anthersB uniloculares septo evanido, ut in Malvaceis. 

112 Mclanthncairum America Septe?itrio7ialis Rcvisio. 

Caules basi bulbescentcs seu rhizomatibus repentibus, in- 
feme foliosi : folia graminea : infiorescentia plcrumque pani- 
culata ; ramia paucis, subsimplicibus : bractece subspathifor- 
D)ea : flofes albidif exius praecipue virescentes. 

Zigadenus, Mirh.r.jl. 1, p, 213, t. 22 ; Pursh, fl. 1. p. 
216 ; Willi, in mag. 2. p. 30 ; Ell. bot. S. Car. 
and Gcorg. l,jp. 420 ; Rccm. Sf Schult. syst. 7, p. 101. 

HeloxivE species, Kcr, in jour. sci. 1, p. 1S4. 

Obs. Hue pertinct Melanthium Sibiricum, Linn, et anct. 
(Ornithogalum spicis florum longissimis, &c. Sibir. 
1, p. 45, t. 8.) 

1. Z. glaberrimus; rliizomate repente ; foliis longe 
lincari-lanceolatis, superioribus pcibrcvibus ; panicula pvrami- 
dali ; bracteis ovatis, acuminatis, pcdieellos subaequantibus : 
foliolis perianthii ovato-lanccolatis, acuminatulis, basi fere 
angustatis, crassiusculis ; glandulis orbiculatis distinctis. 

Z. glaberrimus, Mirh.r.jl. 1. c. : Pursh, jl. I. />. 241; Redout. Lit. 
I. I'll ; /,'//. I. c. ; Rocm. ty Schult. syst. 7, p. 1559; Hook. §• Am. in 
Imt. Betchey, j>. Kil ? 

Z. bracteatus, Ram. 8f Schult. I. r. 

Hi loniaa bfacteata, Sims. bot. mag. t. 1703. 

i ulis 1 — 3-pedalis, Bupernd Bubnadua. Folia plana* puprcmis ad 
bracteaa Bubspathiformeg diminutis. Panicula rami 3 — 5, pleriqna 
simplicea, 7 — LO-flari. Finns magnitudine Veratri rir'ulis. Perion* 
tlm fbliola Levitei Btriata, Blellato-patentia. Styli contigai. Ovaria 
linilii-iivulata ; ovulis bisi riatia Burstun Lmbricatis. 

Hah. In herboau bumidis, b Virginia [Pursh) e( Carolina* 
super*! usque ad Alabamam! el in California, (fide Hook, fy 
Ira. /. ' .) 


Mclanthaccarum America Scptentrionalis Revisio. 113 

2. Z. glaucus ; bulbo tunicate ; foliis caule brevioribus, 
linearibus, vix acutis ; racemo subsimplici ; bracteis lanceolatis 
pedicellis brevioribus ; perianthii foliolis ovalibus obovatisve, 
obtusis, glandula obcordata instructis. 

Zigadenuschlorantbus, Richards. app. Frankl. journ. (cd. 2,) p. 12; 
Torr. ! in aim. lye. Nt w- York, 2. p. 251 ; RamSfSchult. syst. 7, p. 1561 ; 
Hook. SfArn.! hot. Beechey, p. 130. 

Z. glaucus, Nttit..' in jour. acad. Philad. l,p. 56. 

Z. commutatus, Ram. 8f Schult. I. c. 

Melanthium glaucum, Nutt. ! gen. 1,^.232; Torr.jl. 1, p. 367. 

Leimanthium ? glaucum, Ram. Sf Schult. I. c.p. 1551. 

Caulis pedalis, superne subnudus (1 — 2-foliatus). Folia gtauca, 
plana, supremis bracteiformibus. Raccmus (seu panicula subsimplex) 
7 — 20-florus, inferne sajpius plus minus compositus ; pedicellis unciali- 
bus apice incrassatis. Flores magnitudine Ornithogali wnbellali (in- 
lerdum polygami ex Richards). Perianthii foliola obscure striata, basi 
leviter angustata; glandulis confluentibus. Styli dennim recurvi. 
Capsula conoidco-oblonga, perianthio persistenle multo longior ; carpellis 
apice divergentibus, stylis brevibus subulatis, 7 — 8-spermis; Semina ex- 
appendiculata. Julio et Augusto floret. 

Hab. Ad ripas arenosas, etc., a Canada! et freto Kotze- 
buano ! usque ad Arkansam ! et Oregon ! (v. sjp. in herb. Nutt. 
in planitiebus altis fluminis Platte et Multnomah lecta.) 

Obs. An hue pertinet Zigadenus commutatus, Schult. I. c. 
(Helonias glaberrima, Bot. mag. t. 1680,) et forsan Hook, et 
Am. in bot. Bcechaj, p. 160 ? 

Vidi in herb. Acad. Sci. Nat. Philadelphia? specimen Ca- 
nadense (prope Maitland a McNab lectum), panicula pedali, 
ramis subsimplicibus fere 12-floris ! 

Species omnino ignota est Zio A.DENU8 elegans, Pursh, 
fi. l,p. 241. 

VOL. IV. 1 5 

114 Mdanthaccarum America Septentrionalis Revisio. 


Flores plerumque (abortu ovarii) polygami. Perianthii 
foliola stellato-patentia, petaloidea, basi biglandulosa; unguibus 
staminiferis. Stamina G : filamenta perianthii l'oliolis bre- 
viora, unguibus plus minus accreta. Anthers reniformes, 
sinum affixse, vix extrorsae (loculi:? apice connatis et confluen- 
tibus), post dehiscentiam clypeolatae. Ovaria 3, angulis in- 
ternis coalita, pluriovulata, stylis brevibus subulata ; stigmata 
simplicia, minuta. Capsula ovata (membranacea, turgida,) 
triloba, tripartibilis ; carpellis follicularibus 4 — 10-spermis, in- 
tus (superne praesertim) dehiscentibus. Semina compressa, 
late membranaceo-alata. 

Caules plerique superne puberuli, elati : folia lineariavel 
lanceolata, elongata, (rarius latiora et quasi petiolata) : panicula 
pyramidata, e racemis multifloris plerisque simplicibus (imis 
quandoque compositis) : flores ochroleuci vel flavo-virentes, 
demum luridi : pedicelli bracteis saepius brevibus stipati. 

Lkimanthium, " WUld. in mag. 2, p. 24,'* 
(excl. spec.) ; Roan. i\' Schult. syst. 7, p. 100. 

.Melanthii species, Linn, et auct. 

Melanthium, Michx. fl. 2, p. 251 ; Nutt. gen. 1. p. 232 ; 
Ell. hot. S. Car. fy Gcorg. 1. p. 418; Torr.jl. I, p. 367. 

( >ns. Genus a Melauthio (Prom. Bona? Spei) abunde di- 
\ ri -urn, infiorescentia paiiicuIato-rac<Mnosu,pedicellisbracteatis, 
Aoribua plerisque polygamis, perianthio persistente, antheris 
unilocularibus, eminibus alatis, etc. 

Melanthacearum America Sejileiitrionalis Revisio. 115 

1. L. Virginicum ; foliis lineari-lanceolatis, elongatis ; pe- 
rianthii foliolis ans;ustissime untmiculatis, lamina subrotundo- 
ovata (demum oblonga), basi subcordato-auriculata, glandulis 
approximatis ; unguibus supra medium staminiferis. 

Leimanthium Virginicum, " Willd. I. c. p. 24 ;" Ram. §• Schult. 
syst. 7, p. 1549- 

Melanthium Virginicum, Linn. ; Grron. Virg. p. 59 ; Derouss. in 
Lam. enc. meth. 4, p. 24, t. 260 •, Walt. Car. p. 125 ; Willd. spec. 2, p. 
266 ; Michx. fl. 2, p. 251 ; Pursh, fl. 1, p. 240 ; Ell. lot. S. Car. Sf 
Georg. 1, p. 41S; Torr.! fl. 1, p. 367; Darlingt. fl. Cest. (ed. 2,) 
p. 231. 

M. polygamum, Desrouss. I. c. 

M. hybridum, Ell. I. c. (fide amic. Curtis.) ; Torr.fl. 1. c, non Walt. 

Veralrum Virginicum, Ait. hort. Kew. {ed. 2.) 5, p. 426. 

Helonias Virginica, Sims, hot. mag. t. 285. 

Caulis 3-pedalis et altior ; parte superiore, ramis paniculae, pedi- 
cellis, et extrinsecus perianthio puberulis. Folia pallide viridia, de- 
bilia, 8 — 20 unc. longa, semi — sesquiuncialia lata, inferioribus amplexi- 
caulibus. Panicula pedalis sesquipedalisve ; ramis plerumque simpli- 
cibus, laxifloris ; pedicelli, vix unciales, flore longiores. Flores ochroleuci, 
demum brunnei; superiores (quandoque inferiores) pra;cipue berma- 
phroditi, semiunciales et longiores. Bractece pedicellis multo breviores. 
Perianthii foliola lamina plus minus obtusa vel acutiuscula, obsolete 
striata ; glandulis rotundis distinctis. Capsula fere unc. longa, stylis 
lin. 2 longis apiculata. Semina 4 — 10 in singulis carpellis, ovato-lan- 
ceolata. Julio- Augusto floret. 

Hab. In pratis et sylvis humidis a Novo Eboraco ! usque ad 
Floridam ! et Arkansam ! 

2. L. hybridum ; foliis lineari-lanceolatis, elongatis; peri- 
anthii foliolis anguste unguiculatis, lamina rhomboideo-subor- 
biculata margine undulata ; glandulis conniventibus (quandoque 
obsoletis) ; unguibus convoluto-canaliculatis, infra medium 

ou gracilis; panicula sparsiflora, ramis plerisque simplicibus. 

116 Mtlanthacearum America Scptentrionalis Rcuisiu. 

/3. robustior ; foliis inferioribus plantagineis ; ramis imis pa- 
niculae compositis. 

y. elata ; ramis paniculae plerisque compositis, multifloris. 

Leimanthium hybridum, Rcrm. tfSchult. syst. 7, p. 1550, excl. syn. 
Mutt. Ell. t y Ton-, el deacr. 

Melanthium hybridum, Walt. Car p. 125; Pursh,fl. 1,;>. 241 ? non 
flrfctt. BBC Ell. <$• Ton: 

M. latifulium, DuTOtua in Lam. ene, nuth. 1. /'. 25. 

M. racemosnm, Michx, jl. 2. p. 251. 

Caulis2 — 4-pedalis, aupernS puberulua. Folia Buprema pauca, brevis- 
eima. Panicula plerumqu£ minor el cracilior quam in L. Virginia), flo- 
ribus paacioribus minoribusque : pedicelli patent* ss, filiformes, tlnrcmulto 
longiores. Perianth ii lbliola flavo-virentia ; apice lainiiianiin wi-pius 
plus minus cuapidato vel acuminato; margins t'< -n- scarioso ; unguibua 
ima filamentorum involvena, laminam subaequantibua. Fructum non 

Hab. In umbrosis a Pennsylvania ! iisqiicail Gcorgiam! "In 
excelsis montibns Carolina 1 septentrionalis," M/chai/.r. Lin- 
colnton, Car. sept. Curtis! ; prope Germantown, Pennsylvania;, 
NultulU y. Macon, Georgia; (v. sji. in herb. acad. Vhilad. 
sine foliis). 

3. L. monoicum ; foliis laic ovalibus, basi quasi pctiolatis, 
•uperioribus oblanceolatis linearibusve ; pamcula" summe longe 
racemosa, fertili, inferneracemis masculis brevibus; perian- 
thii foliolis obovato-spathulatis ve\ oblanceolatis, unguibussen- 
sim attcnuatis, ad basi ataminiferis ; glandulis sajpius aullis. 

Leimanthium monoicum, Ram. 9f Schvlt. syat. "<. /». 1550, exel. 
«yn. et deacr, Melanth. polygam. Desrouss. 

Melanthium monoicum, Wall. Car. p. L25; Pursh, /I. l,p. 241! 
FJI. hot, s. t\,r. SfOeorg, 1. r . lis.' 

M. hybridum, Null. .' gen. \. r . 232, dob Walt. 

Melanlhacearum America Septentrionalis Revisio. 117 

Veratrum parvifiorum, Michx. fl. 2, p. 250 ; Pursh, jl. 1. p. 242 ; 
Ram. $f Sehult. sijst. 7, p. 1557, excl. syn. et descr. Melanth. bracteo- 
lare, Desrouss. 

Caulis bipedalis, superne virgatus, fere nudus (raraiquoque paniculae) 
puberulus, basi bulbescens. Folia inferioraG — S unc.longa, fere 3 unc. 
lata, snepe acuminata, inferne abrupte angustata quasi petiolata, caulem 
vaginantia ; superiora paucissima, invicem minora. PanicvXa pyrami- 
dato-virgata, sesquipedalis, raniis Lateralibus gracilibus. Pedicelli fili- 
formes, flore paulo longiores. Finns paulo minores quam in M. hy- 
brido, virescentes. Pcrianthii foliola striata, fere plana, apice vix 
acuta, inferne attenuato-unguiculata, staminibus duplo longiora; glan- 
dulis in fioribus masculis nullis, in hermnphroditis ssepiua obsoletis. 
Capsula 4 — 6 lin. longa, stylis brevissimis (\ lin. long.) apiculata ; car- 
p'ellis 4 — 5-spermis. Semina ovalia, utrinque acuta, 3 — 4 lin. longa. — 
Julio floret. 

Hah. In excelsis montibus Virginiae et Carolina?, Michaux 
fy Nuttall! Specim. vidi et exam, monte " Talk-mountain 
dicto lectum amico Curtis!)" 

Obs. Planta foliis fere Veratri, sed inflorescentia, floribus 
fructibusque Leimanthii, licet periantbio saspius eglandulosa. 

Veratrum parvirlorum, Bongard, veg. instil. Sitcha est Ve- 
ratrum Eschscholtzii nobis. 

4. VERATUUM. Linn. 

Flores (abortu ovarii) polygami. Perianthii foliola basi 
plus minus coalita, petaloidea, patentia vel erecto-patentia, ex- 
unguiculata, eglandulosa. Stamina 6 ; filamentis imo peri- 
antbio insertis, eodemque breviora. Anthers subflobosEe, 
fere innatae (loculis apice connatis et confliientibus), post de- 
liiscentiam clypeolatae. Pistilla, capsula, et semina ut in 

Veratrum, Linn. (excl. V. lutei) et and. 

1 IS Mdantltuccarum America Septcntrionalis Revisio. 

1. Yeratrum propr. 

Perianthii foliola obovata vel oblonga, vix acuta, basi 
plus minus angustata, staminibus subduplo longiora : filamenta 
demum extrorsim patentia. 

Caules robusti, foliosi : folia late ovata vel oblonga, plicato- 
nervosa, caulein vaginantia ; superioribus sensim minoribus, 
bracteis insideatibus : panicula plerumque pyramidata, race- 
mis simplicibus : Jiorcs flavo-vircntes vel atro-purpurei. 

Veratrum, Linn. (excl. sp.); Juss. gen. y. 47 ; Lam. ill. 
t. 843 ; Michx. fl. 2, p. 249 ; Willd. spec. 4, p. S95 ; Nutt. 
gen. 1, p. 233 (excl. sp.). 

Helonije species, Ker, in hot. mag. etc. 

Obs. V. Sabadilla, Iietz. a Yeratro diversa videtur, an- 
theris praesertini bilocularibus (conf. fig. in Diet. sci. nat. et 
descr. Jurm. tySc/tt/lf. syst. 1 , p. JO-")^,) necnon floribus nutan- 
tibus secundis : forte (cum aliis Mexicanis nondum descriptis, 
rnl. Schiede, in Linnaa, 4, pp. 226 fy 234,) genus proprium 
constituere mcretur. 

I. V. vietde ; ramis paniculse demum patentibus ; foliolis 
perianthii campanula^ oblongis, basi subangustatis, filamentis 
plerumque plania paulo longioribus. 

Veratrum viride, Ait.hort. letw. (></■ l,)3,p. 896; f'insli,jl, \, p. 
242, Bigel. Am. med. hot. t. 33; /■://. lot. S. Car. 8f Qeorg. \, p. 419; \. r . :;i;s : Uam.8fSchuU.8yst. 7,p. L556; Cat. 
[ed. 2,)p. 232. 

\ album, Mih <■. fl, 2, p. 249. oon Linn. 

II- loniaa viridU, Bot. mag. t. L096, i tcl. • yn. 

Melanthima i' ! />< muss. ?/? enc. meth. 4 t j». 26. 

Melanthacearum America. Septcntrionalis Revisio. 119 

Radix magna, fibris carnosis albis. Caulis (3 — 7-ped.) ramis pani- 
cube, pedicellis (brevibus) foliisque subter sparsim puberulus. Perian- 
thium flavo-viride, foliolis exterioribus obtusiusculis ; interioribus fere 

acutis, margine denticulato-erosis. Stamina rarius 7. Maio — Julio 


Hab. In pratis humidis, etc. a Canada ! usque ad montes 
Georgiae. — Vulgo White Hellebore, Polce. 

2. V. Eschscholtzii ; paniculae ramis lateralibus (quan- 
doque compositis) plerumque nutantibus; foliolis perianthii 
campanulati oblongis, basi attenuatis, filamentis gracillimis 
plusduplo longioribus. i 

Veratrum Lobelianum 13. Eschscholzianum, Ram. 8f Schult. syst. 7, 
p. 1555. 

V. parviflorum, Bongard, veg. Sitcha. in mem. acad. St. Petersb. 
(ser. 6,) 2, p. 166, non Michx. 

Hab. In Amer. bor.-occidentali ; insula Sitcha Rutheno- 
rum, Eschscholtz et Mertens; prope " Observatory Inlet," 
Scolder! et ad ripas fluminis Oregon, Nuttall ! 

Obs. Praecedenti nimis affinis, quo difFert foliis peduncu- 
lisque magis pubescentibus, etc., et praesertim filamentis bre- 
vioribus et gracilioribus. 

2. Scbgex. Stenanthium. 

Perianthii foliola anguste lanceolata, subulato-acuminata, 
basi subdilatata, staminibus (riorum sterilium praesertim) multo 

Caulis gracilis, basi bulbescens : folia graminea caulem 
baud vaginantia : panicula virgata : Jlores albidi. 

120 Melanthacearum America Sepientrionatis Rcvisio. 

V. (Stbnanth.) AxcrsTii'OLiuM ; foliis anguste lineari- 
bus, planis, inferioribus obtusis; racemo terminali fertili, elon- 
gate ; lateralil us brevibus, floribus sajpe sterilihus subsessili- 
bua : foliolia internia periantbii angustioribus. 

Veratrum angustifolium, Pwsh,fl. l t jp. 242 \'l. p. 't 17 ; Nult. gen* 
1. p. 233; /://. hot. S. Car. 8f Georg. 1. p. 420 : Hum. 8f Schult. syst. 
',. p. L557. 

\< rophyllum gramineum, Nutt. gen. I. p. 236? 

Planta glabra. Radix fibris subcrassis. Caul is 2 — 1-pcdalis, teres, 
gracilis. Folia (noncarioata) pleraque 1 — 2-ped. longa, 2 — 3 lin. lata; 
inferiors vix vaginantia; superiors Beraiamplectanba, acuta; summia 
brevibus. Panicula sscpe biped alis, pergracilis, fnultiflora; floribus ra- 
ci moruxn lateralium (quandoque ceteris) ovar defe< in plerumqo.e' sterili- 
bus. Racemi loUerales plurimi, filiformes, patebtes, 1 — 3 unc. longi, 
(imis interdum compositis,) bracteA lineari-setacea stipati; superiores 

in i .!•■ \ i. mi b, bracteis minutis; floribus vix pedicellati bracteA ovato- 
Lattceblati cuspidate plusdupld loogioribus. RacemuaterminalU BBpida 
eloagatus ; pedicellis flores subaequantibus. Perianthium albidum vel 
viresceus; foiioLa (2 lin. lon^a) >iriata (t xitriora basin versus plus mi- 

dilatata), sursum (prsesertim llnr. strril.) longe attenuata, acutissi- 
ma. Stamina in flnr. steril. praesertim perianthio multo breviora; in 
flor. fertil. demim fere dimidio breviora. Slyli brevissimi, recurvii 
Capstdavix3 lin. longa. Semina (immatura) in loculis 4, ovali-ob- 
louga, apice acuminata — Junio et Julio floret. 

//'///. J 1 1 umbrosis ah Ohio! ad Virginiam ! Floridam! 
ct Aikansiii) ! 

Mdanthacearum America. Septentrionalis Revisio. 121 


Flores hermaphroditi. Perianthii foliola basi vix coalita 
(ovalia vel obovata), petaloidea, patentissima, exunguiculata, 
eglandulosa. Stamina ; filamentis plerisque capillaribus 
cum perianthio insertis, idemque aequantibus vel superantibus. 
Anthers reniformes, fere innata? (loculis apice connatis et 
confluentibus), post dehiscentiam clypeolatae. Ovaria 3, 
(rarius abortu pauciora) intus plus minus coalita, pauci- 
ovulata, stylis filiformibus subulatisve desinentia : stigmata sim- 
plicia minuta. Capsula (membranacea, turgida,) triloba, tri- 
partibilis ; carpellis follicularibus (interdum apice distinctis) 
1 — 4-spermis, intus superne dehiscentibus. Semina lanceo- 
lata vel linearia, compressa utrinque membranacea, aut teretia, 
oblonga, testa laxa demum carnosa. 

Caules scapiformes, basi saepe bulbescentes : folia gram- 
inea ; inferioribus plus minus confertis, vaginantibus : racemus 
simplex vel compositus, multiflorus : flores albidi, saepius 
longe pedicellati, bracteis plerisque brevissimis stipati. 

Heloni^e pars, Michx.jl. 1, jp. 211; Pers. syn, I , p. 398 
Willd. in mag. naturf. fr. 2, p. 29 ; Pursh, fl. 1, p. 216 
Nutt. gen. 1, p. 234 ; Ell. bat. S. Car. 8f Georg. 1, p. 421 
Torr. fj. 1, p. 368; Rcern. fy Schult. sysl. l,p. 101, non 

Leimanthii species, Willi. I. c. 

Melanthii species, Walt. Car. p. 125 ; Lam. enc. mcth. 
4, p. 28 ; Ait. hart. Kew. (ed. 1,) 1 , p. 488 ; Willd. spec. 2, 
p. 266. 

Chrosperma et Cyanotris, Raf. 

Nomen ab afiiavros (immaculatus, piiriis) et avOof (flos) derivatum. 
VOL. IV. 16 

122 Mclanthaccunun America. Septentrionalis llcnsio. 

Obs. Helonias Linnaei de H. bvllata et H. asphodcloidi 
constituta fuit, cujus iste est XcropJiyllvm Michauxii ; itaque 
nomen Helonias specie priore vetineatur. Amianthium a He- 
lonia differt, structure praesertim antherarum et capsulae, stylis 
distinctis stigmatibus rainutis desinentibus, etc. ; a Veratro 
(cui species racemis compositis magis accedunt), floribus om- 
nibus hermaphroditis, staminibus stylisque longioribus, semini- 
bus vix alatis, et habit u. 

Nomen Cyanotris, Hqf. in jour, de Phys. (= Hel. angusti- 
folia, Mich.r.) a nomine Cyanotis Don vix differt ; Cbrosperma 
specei unicae solum apta est ; ideo utrumque prseteritur. 

1. A. MUSOiETOXlCUM ; bulbo tunicato ; foliis planis, infe- 
rioribus late linearibus obtusis ; racemo simplici ; foliolis peri- 
anthii oblongis, oblusissimis ; carpellis superne distinctis, stylis 
subulatis divergentibus ; seminibus coccineis. 

Mflaniliium muscaetoxicum, Walt. Car. p. 125. 

M. latum, Ait. hort. Kew. [ed. 1,) p. 4SS; Will,/, spec 2, p. 267; 
" Thunb. in act. soc. nat. scrut. Hafn. (4,) 2, p. 19, t. 7," fide Rctm. Sf 

M. phalangioides, Dcsrouss. in Lam. enc. meth. 4, p. 27, et ill. gen. 
I. 260. 

M. dcnsuni, Dcsrouss. I. c. p. 26. 

Leimanthium laelum et pallidum (excl. syn. Michx.), Witld. in mag. S, p. •-'!. 

H( Lonias lata, Ker, hot. mag. t. 803; id. op. U 1540. 

H. erythrosperma, Up. 212; Pursh,fl. 1,/>.212; Xutt..' 
gen. 1. p. 234; Ell. hot. S. Car. 8f Georg. L, p. 421; Ton. ! Jl. 1, p. 
369; Ram. Sf Schult. sysl. 7\p. 1562; Darlingt. fl. Cest. [ed. 2,)Jjp. 

\iiiln in inn Bubtrigynum, Jacq. roll. 3, p. 2~3, <7 ic. rar. 2, t. 4\'J. 

Cbrospi -riii.-t (absq. nom. spec.) linf. neogen. 

( 'units BeaquipedallS, obtUSJ angulMlM. Folia radicalia pedalia, 3 — 4 
(nunc s) lin. [ata, debilia: caulina (saepi vix alia) Bparsa, superioribua 
ad bracu u diminutis. Racemtu cylindraceus, densiflorua, 3 — 1 (rariua 

Melanthacearum America Septenlrionalis Rcvisiu. 123 

S — 9) unc. longus. Pedicelli 5 — 10 lin. longi, filiformes, fere patentes, 
bracteis scariosis ovato-lanceolatis plurimum longioribus. FLores albi 
demum viridescentes, 3 — 4 lin. lati. Perianthii foliola stamina requan- 
tia, nee basi nee apice angustata, venoso-striata. Anther ee magna?, al- 
bidas. Carpella inferne tantum concreta, sup erne divaricata, 1 — 2- 
sperma. Semina ovoidea, testa demum carnosa coccinea. — Junio 
et Julio (in Georgia Maio) floret. Vulgo Fly-poison dicitur. 

Hah. In umbrosis paludosis a Nova Cajsarea! et Penn- 
sylvania ! ad Floridara ! et Arkansam. 

2. A. Nuttallii ; bulbo tunicato ; foliis conduplicato- 
carinatis, acutis ; perianthii foliolis (tenuibus) basi subunguic- 
ulatis ; carpellis apice [distinctis ; stylis subulatis contiguis ; 
seminibus oblongis, teretibus. 

«. racemo simplici. 

Helonias angustifolia, Nutt. ! fl. Arkans. in trans. Am. phil. soc. {ser. 
2,) 5, p. 154, non Michz. 

ft. racemo inferne composito, paniculato. (An conditio ab- 
normis ?) 
Helonias paniculata, Nutt.! in jour. acad. Philad. 7, p. 57. 

Caulis sesquipedalis, teres (inferne leviter sulcatus), ssepius robustus 
et juxta racemum attenuatus; bulbo tunicato magno, basi fibrillato. 
Folia inferiora, 6 — 12 unc. longa, 2 — 4 lin. lata, subcrassa, margine 
asperula, basi vaginantia, membranacea ; superiora breviora, attenuata ; 
summis membranaceis, bracteiformibus. Racemvs mulliflorus, 2 — 4 
unc. longus, pedicellis (uncialibus) filiformibus : nunc racemo ampliore, 
laxiore, inferne composito, ramis paniculatis, laxe 3 — 8-floris. Bracteee 
scariosse, pedicellos vix acquantes ; inferioribus sape filiformi-setaceis. 
Flores albi, magnitudine A. angustifolia. Perianthii foliola stamini- 
bus paulo longiora, late ovalia vel subovata (alterna angustiora), obtusi- 
uscula, venoso-striata, basi subcordata vel rotundata, abrupte subun- 

l-l MtUmthacearvm America Septentrionalis Revisio. 

guiculata, macull flavidj leviter notata. Antheree magna:. Ovaria 
(rarius 2) 7 — S-ovulata, stylis brevibus subulata. Semina in singulis 
carpellis 1 — 2, oblonga, testa laxa demiim carnosa. 

Hob. In Arkansa, Nuttall.! Pitcher ! §' Lcavcmvorth ! et 
Texas, Drummond ! : in elevatioribus montium Rochj-Moun- 
tmns dictorum, et in Oregon, Nuttall! : prope Fort Vancouver, 
Scolder ! 

Obs. Crescit (ex Nutt.) cum Kamassacscidcnta, qua bulhi 
nocentes viatoribus saspe confusi sunt. 

3. A. angustifolium ; caule (gracili) basi non bulboso ; 
foliis angustissime linearibus, acutis; racenio simplici ; foliolis 
periantbii ovalibus, stylis filiformibus contiguis brevioribus ; 
seminibus linearibus. 

Helonias angustilblia, Michx.! fl. 1, p. 212; Pursh,fl. 1, p. 242; 
Mitt. .' gen. 1, p. 234 ; Ell. ! hot. S. Car. Sf Georg. 1, p. 421 ; Torr. ! 
fl. \, p. 369; Ram. Sf Schult. syst. 7, p. 1564. 

II. lacta /3 minor, Bot. mug. t. 1540. 

Caul is 1 — 3-pedalis, teres. Folia fere omnia radicalia, pedalia et lon- 
giora, 1 — 2 lin. lata, apicem versus seneim attenuata el carinato-trique- 
tra; superioribus ad bracteas squamacformes diminutis. Racrmus n\u\ti- 
florus, 2 — 3 (demum sacpe 5) une. longus. Pcdicelli 5 — 6-lin. longi, 
filiformes, ad apicem incrassati, erecto-patentes, bracteis scariosis lan- 
ceolatis plurimuiu bngioree. Florcs albidi, 3 — 4 lin. lad. Periantbii 
foliola Btamioibua pauld longiora, obtuse vel parum acutiuscula, basi 
sulmniiiistala, b-viter siriata. Antbene flavidffi, diinidio minores quam 
in A. musctvtoxico. Capsula loculis 1 — 1-spermis. Srmina linearis, 
i'T' t.-rctia, tesi.i Lax I membranac< i l>asi apirrquc vix producta. — 
Mm.) — Junio floret. 

Melanthacearum America Septentrionalis Revisio. 125 

Hab. In sylvis humidis (pinetis) Carolinae superioris ! et in- 
ferioris ! Georgia? ! et Floridae ! 

Obs. Helonias angustifolia, . Darlingt. jl. Cest. ed. J. est 
H. erythrosperma, Michx. fide Darlingt. ipsius in op. cit. 
ed. 2. 

4. A. leimanthoides ; caule (elato) basi non bulboso ; 
foliis linearibus, planis ; racemo composito, pyramidato ; peri- 
anthii foliolis late ovalibus, stylis linearibus longioribus ; 
seminibus lanceolatis, compressis, apice alatis. 

Helonias graminea, Ell. herb, fide Curtis, non Bot. mag. 

Radix fibris erassis. Caulis teres, parum angulosus, 2 — 4-pedalis, 
supern6 subnudus. Folia pallide viridia; inferiora 1— 2-pedalia, 3 lin 
lata, plana, subcarinata, obtusiuscula ; superiora sparsa, - sensim bre- 
viora et acuta ; summis 2—3 unc. longis, lineari-lanceolatis. Panicula 
8 — 12 unc. longa; racemo terminali plus minus elongato, multifloro 
lateralibus (5 — 6) simplicibus ; imis saepe subremotis. Pedicelli paten- 
tes, graciles, demum 6 — 8 lin. longi, apice parum incrassati, bracteis lan- 
ceolatis scariosis plurimum longiores. Flores albi, 4 lin. lati. Perian- 
thii foliola demum recurva, staminibus paulo breviora, fere squalia, 
utrinque obtusa, vix striata. Capsula late ovato-conica, loculis 4-sper- 
mis. Semina anguste membranaceo-marginata, apice alata. — Julio — 
Augusto floret. 

Hab. In paludosis Novae Caesareae (prope Haddonfield, 
Durand!) Carolinae sept, (monte Table-mountain dicto, 
Curds!), et prope Novum Aurelianum (Ingalls .'). 

L36 MeUaUkacearum America Septentrional** Revisit >. 

Obs. Planta elegans inflorescentia foliisque Leimanthii, sed 
floribus omnino Amianthii. 

// lonias graminea herb. div. Elliottii, fide amic. Curtis, 
sed descriptio ejus non quadrat. 

5. A. ? aspericaule ; caule floribusque pulverulento- 
puberulis, asperiusculis ; foliis caulinis lineari-lanceolatis, 
plania ; racemulis subspicatis, floribus brevi-pedicellatis, brac- 
n ola minima sub periantbio. 

Melanthium aspericaulo, Pair. enc. methmsuppl, 3, p. 62S. 

Hab. " In Carolina, I?osc." (V. sp. sic. valde immaturam 
prope Columbian!, Carolina; infer, lectam amico Curtis !) 

Obs. Planta minime cognita, a Poiret solum descripta, 
tamen Sprengelio ad Tq/ieldiam glutinosam, et Schultzio ad 
T. -jiulx/iii m perperam ducta. In spec. Curtis.: Caulis (ima 
pars adest) sesquipedalis, striatus, trifoliatus, pulvcrulento- 
scaber. Folia striata plana, sensim acuta ( juniora subtus et 
margine puberula), glabra, basi latiora et semiaraplectantia; 
infimum fere 6-unciale ; superiora sensim breviora ; summis 
ad bractcas diminutis. Panicula spiciformis, tomentoso-pu- 
berula, 2 unc. longa, e racemulis plurimia (auperioribus con- 
fertis, imis longioribus 61 subdistantibus) '4 — S-floris com- 
positis. Florea inexpansi brevissime pedicellati, bractea 
cymbiformi ovate striata breviores, bracteola minima juxta 
perianthium muniti. Perianthii foliola (ante evolutionem) 
concava, ovali-obovata, basi Bubamrustata (nee ungniculata). 
Stamioa basi perianthio inserta : anthers magna;, extrosa?, 
uniloculares. Styli brevissimi. — Ad hoc genus non certe" 
pertinetj specimen menm hand idoneum. 

Melanthacearum America Sejptentrionalis Revisio. 127 


Flores hermaphroditi. Perianthii foliola herbacea 
(lineari-oblonga, obtusa), basivix coalita, suberecta, exunguicu- 
lata, eglandulosa. Stamina 6 ; filamentis subulatis cum 
perianthio insertis, eodemque demum duplo longioribus. An- 
THERyE (magna?) reniformes (loculis apicc connatis et conflu- 
entibus), post dehiscentiam clypeolatte. Ovaria 3, angulis 
internis concreta, 6 — 8-ovulata, stylis pcrbrevibus sensim apicu- 
lata : stigmata simplicia minuta. Capsula 

Caulis bulbus tunicatus : folia omnia radicalia, caricina, 
praelonga et angustissima, arida, subcanaliculata : scapus sim- 
plicissimus, pergracilis, prorsus nudus : flores parvi, arete 
sessiles (singuli bractea minuta stipati), in spicam gracilem dis- 


Helonias ? dubia, Michx. fi. 1, p. 213; Pursh,fl. 1, p. 244; Ram. 
8f Schult. syst. 7, p. 1565. 

Planta glaberrima, habitu multum Triglochini accedens. Bulbus 
vaginis scariosis brunneis tectus. Folia suberecta, valde striata, 1 — 2 
ped. longa, vix lineamlata, superne attenuato-setacea. Scapus juncifor- 
mis, teres seu inferne subangulosus, 2 — 3-pedalis. Spica virgata, 3 — 4 
unc. longa; floribus primum confertis, denique laxc (alternatirn) dispo- 
sitis, bracteis ovatis scariosis duplo longioribus. Perianthii foliola pal- 

* Nomen ab s^oo-oj (funis, juncus) et navXov (caulis) derivatum. 

L28 MeUuithacearum America Septentrionalis Revitio. 

lid.'- viridia, nbtusa. Wlbconcava, levitcr 3 — 5-nervia. Filarncnta fere 
plana, ntorsini srnsim dilatata, perianthio primum breviora, demiim 
dupld longiora. Antheree ratione florum maxims. Capndaixaxaatxm 
ill mum perianthio peiaistente longior, ovata, 3-loba, 3-partibilis, stvlis 
min litis apiculata. Ovulu subovaia, biseriata, ascendentia, anatropa. 
Semina matura el capsulam non vidi. — Aprili et Maio floret. 

Hal>. In sabulosis Georgia? et Florida?, Michaux. In 
Florida prope sinum Tampa-Bay dictum legit M. C. Lcavcn- 
worth.' Burrows ! et Aldeii ! (V. spp. in herb. cl. Torrey.) 


Plorbs hermaphroditi. Perianthii foliola petaloidea 
(ovaiia), patentissima, exunguiculata, eglandulosa. Stamina 
<i ; lilamentis deorsum admodum dilatatis, cum perianthio in- 
serts, ldemc[ue Bubsequantibua vel superantibus. Anthers 
subrotundo-ovatae, biloculares, apice ct basi pra^sertim cmar- 
•_ r hiatae, sinum af)i\;r, cxtrorsae. Ovakh'.m subglobosum, trilo- 
bum, c carpellis Iribua biovulatis arctius connatis compositum, 
stigmatibua totidem lineari-filiformibua revolutis (an rectius styli 
'i a nt us stigmatosi?) coronatum. Capsula subglobosa, sub- 
triloba, coriacea, loculicide dehiscena ; loculis 2-spermis. 
Skmiva collateralia, erecta, oblonga, subcomprrssa, testa mem- 
branacei apice plua minus producta. 

('aii.ks basi fere bulbescentes, radicibus fibrosis: folia 
COmplura, arida, setacca ; radicalia muncrosissima, in crspitcm 
densum conferta, anguatiaaimd Lineari-setacea : racemut aim- 
plex, thyraiformU} daoique elongatus: pedicellia filiformibua 
basi bracteatia, aeu ebracteadset bibracteolatia : fiores apecioaii 

Melanthacearum America Septentrionalis Revisio. 129 

Xerophyllum, 1, p. 210 ; Willi, in mag. na- 2, p. 29 ; Nutt. gen. 1, p. 234 ; Torr. ! fi. 1. p. 370 ; 
-Raw. #• Schull. syst. 7, p. 102. 

HelonIjE species, Li?in. et auct. 

Obs. Genus Heloniae nimis affine. 

1. X. asphodeloides ; pedicellis ebracteatis, bibracteo- 
latis ; staminibus foliola periantliii ovalia demum aequantibus. 

X. asphodeloides, Nutt. ! gen. 1, p. 235. 

X. setifolium, I, p. 211 ; Poir. suppl. cnc. meth. 5, p. 509 
(excl. syn.) ; Torr. ! fi. I. c. ; Ram. $• Schult. L c. excl. syn. Melanth. 
spicati Wall. 

Helonias asphodeloides, Linn. spec. 485 ; Willd. spec. 2, p. 274 ; 
Bot. mag. t. 743; Lam. cnc. meth. 3, p. 100; Pursh,fl. 1.^.243; Ell. 
hot. S. Car. Sf Georg. l,p. 422. 

Caulis 3 — 5-pedalis, teres, pallidus, undique foliosus. Folia rigida, 
basi subdilatata et crassiora, haud amplectantia, subtus carinata, supra 
plana, margine minutissime hispido-scabra ; radicalia undique reclinata, 
pedaliaet longiora, basin versus semWineam lata,sursum attenuato-acicu- 
laria ; caulina sensim minora et graciliora. Pedicelli unciales et longiores, 
infra medium samius bractea setacea. muniti, altera minore sub flore. 
Periantliii foliola pauci-striata, obtusa, 2 lin. longa, alterna (exteriora) 
paulo breviora. Stamina filamentis crassis, imo valde dilatatis et sub- 
coalitis. Stigmata fere distincta, intus tota longitudine linea papulosa 
notata. Capsula oblongo-subglobosa. Semina matura non vidi. 

Hab. In arenosis et pinetis Nova? Caesareae ! et Carolinae. 
In montibus Catawba-ridgc dictis Carol, super., fide Nuttall. 

2. X. tenax : pedicellis inferioribus longe bracteatis, 
ebracteolatis ; staminibus {ex icon.) foliola periantliii oblonga 

X. tenax, Nutt. gen. I. c 
Helonias tenax, Pursh> fl. 1, p. 243, t. 9. 
VOL. IV. 17 

1'30 MeUuUhacearum America Septentrionalis Revisio. 

Hab. In montibus Rocky Mountains diciU (V. sp. sic. 
racemi fructiferi solum, ab amico celeberrimo Nuttallio benevole 

Obs. In icone citata styli filiformes stigmatibua subcap- 
itatis desinentes false depicti sunt. L'acenins fnictifcr speci- 
minis Nuttallii esi fere sesquipedalis, pedicellis numerosissimis 
uncialibuS] superioribus plerisque juxta basin bracteolatis, 
csteris nttdis ; capsulis globosis : seminibus vi\ angularibus, 
testa laxa membranacea ad apicem el marginem intcnunn 
tevissime producta. 


Flore s hermaphroditi (rarius polygami) ve] abortu dioici. 
I'kkiaxthii foliola (ligulata vel linearia) petaloidea, exungui- 
culata, egkmdulosa, patentia. Stamina 6 ; filamentis (planis 
basi non dilatatis) cum perianthio insertis, idemque demum 
superantibus. Anthers subrotundae, biloenlarcs, basi bifida:, 
sinum affixae, extrorsae. Ovarium subglobosum, trilobum, c 
carpellis tribus pluriovulatis compositum, stigmatibus totidem 
lineari-elongatis coronatiun. Capsula submeinbranacea, I < • 1 1 • 
obcordata tricooca, aul ovoidea trisulca; loculis polyspermia. 
Si;\ii\a linearia vel oblonga, utrinque membranaceo-appendi- 
culata -I'll alata. 

1 1 i:i,n\ i k species, - iuct. 



Flore s hermaphroditi (quandoque polygami, fide Bot. 
mag.) : stigmata revoluto-patentia : capsida l<»bi superne gil - 
boso-producti .el divergentes quasi tricocci, dehiscentia locu- 
licida ; loculia polyspermia: semina linearia, utrinqud appen- 

'lit ill. it. i. 

Melanthacearum America Septcntrionalis Revisio. 131 

Radix carnosa : folia omnia fere radicalia, conferta : scapus 
simplex, fistulosus: racemtis spicatus, ovatus vel cylindraceus, 
densus: fiorcs (pedicellis ebracteatis vel bracteis caducis) 
purpurascentes : anthcra cteruleae. 

Helonias, Linn. (excl. H. asphodelioid.) Juss. gen. p. 47. 


Helonias bullata, Linn. spec. '485, ct Amcen. acad. 3, p. 12, t. I, fig. 
1 (excl. syn. Pluk. etc.) ; Willd. spec. 2, p. 273, ^ in mag. 
2, p. 29 ; Bot. mag. t. 747; Bol. cab. t. 961 ; Redout. Lil. t. 13 ; Ram. 
4' Schult. syst. 7, p. 156] . 

H. latifolia, 1, p. 212; Pursh, fl. 1, p. 242; Torr.fl. 1, 
p. 369. 

Veratrum American um, racemo simplicissimo, etc. Mill. diet. (ed. 8,) 
no. 4. 

Radix crassa, prcemorsa, amara, fibrosa. Folia spathulata, lanceolata, 
vel oblonga, fere pedalia, vix sesqui-unc. lata, mucronata, plana, inferne 
longe sensim attenuata quasi petiolata. Scajms pedalis et altior, basi 
tumidus et squamis membranaceis vestitus, supra crassiusculus, fere 
nudus, squamis sparsis minimis vel obsoletis, ad apicem attenuatus. 
Racemus 1 — 3 unc. longus, densiflorus ; pedicellis colore et longitudine 
florum. Perianthii foliola ligulato-oblonga, obtusa, fere 2 lin. longa. 
Ovarium fusco-purpureum. — Maio floret. 

Hab. In paludosis Novae Caesareae ! Pennsylvaniae ! 
^Iarilandiaj, et (fide Pursh) Virginia;. 

Obs. In Amoen. Acad. I. c. (ctiamque in E?ic. Mcth. (. 2G8,) 
stigmata capitata stylos filiformes coronantia impropie depicta 

132 Melanthacearum America. Septentrionalis Revisio. 

2. Sudgen. ChAMjELIRIUM. 

Flores dioici; staminiferi quandoque rudimento ovarii ; 
pistilliferi filamentis parvis sterilibus : perianthii foliola anguste 
linearia, obtusa : capsida ovoidea, superne septicide (et locu- 
licfde?) dehiscens ; loculis 4 — 8-spermis : semina oblonga, 
vix compressa, utrinque late membranaceo-alata. 

Radix prannorsa : caul is gracilis, superne subnudus ; folia 
radicalia plura, obovato-spatbulata seu oblonga : caulina sparsa, 
angustiora : racemus spicatus, denique virgatus, densiflorus : 
flores (pedicellis ebracteatis vel bracteis caducis) albidi. 

ChaMjELIrium, Willd. in mag, naturf. fr. 2, p. 19. (cha- 
racter pessimus.) 

Ophiostachys, Redout. Lil. t. 464. 
Diclinotrys, Raf. neogcn. (1S25) p. 3. 

2. H. (Cham;el.) dioica. 

Hclonias dioica, Pursh, Jl. 1, p. 243, (cxcl. syn. Lam. enc); Ell. 
hot. S. Car. Sf Georg. 1, p. 423; Ton:! Jl. 1, p. 370; 
Cent. [ed. 2,) p. 233. 

H. punrila, Jacq. roll. 2, p. 260, \ic. rar. 2, t. 253; WillJ. spec. 2, 
f. 275. 

H. Intra, Ail.hort. Kew. (ed.2,) 2, p. 330; Bot.mag. t. 1062; Rotm. 
SfSchulLsyst.7, p. L565. 

Vcratrum Luteum, Linn, sprr. 1479, <$• Amain, acad. 3, t. 1, fig. 2; 
Willd. spec. 4, p. 896; Barton, clem. hot. t. 2, fig. 9; Nutt. ! gen. 1, 
p. 233. 

Mclanthium dioicum, Walt. Car. p. 126. 

M. Luteum, Willd. in mag. 2, p. 23. 

Channel irium Carolinianuni, Willd. I. c. p. 19. 

Radix cra*sa, amara, fibrosa. Caulis 1 — 2-(in plantft fertili saepi 3-) 
pedalis, striato-sulcatus. Folia pallid" viridia ; radicalia rosulata, 3 — fc 

Melanthacearum America Scptentrionalis Revisio. 133 

uric, longa, inferne attenuata quasi petiolata; caulina sursum sensim 
minora, oblanceolata vel linearia, acuta. Racemus sterilis, 2 — 6 unc. 
longus, flaccidus ; floribus confertis ; pedicellis patentissimis floribus 
paulo longioribus : fertilis robustior, ssspius multoties longior (1 — 2-ped.), 
strictus, pedicellis suberectis. Perianthii foliola 1-nervia, inconspicua; 
flor. ster. (alterna primum ceteris longiora) dcorsum subangustata, sta- 
minibus breviora; flor. fertil. ovarium vix aequautia, filamentis sterilibus 
longiora. Capsula acutiuscula vel obtusa, nunc obovata, fere triloba, 
et ad suturas dorsales leviter sulcata. Semina fusca, membrana tenui 
alba cincta, et basi apiceque alata. . Maio — Junio floret. 
Vulgo. Blazing-star, DeviVs-bit. 

Hab. In pratis humidis et umbrosis a Canada! et Ohio ! 
usque ad Georgiam ! et Arkansam ! 

Obs. Forte genus proprium. Ex cl. Darlington ovarium 
quandoque 4 carpellis compositum est. (conf.ji. Cest.) 

9. TOFIELDIA, Huds. 

Flores hermaphroditi, involucro trifido vel triphyllo remo- 
tiusculo calyculati- Perianthii foliola petaloidea, concava, 
exunguiculata, eglandulosa, plus minus patentia. Stamina 6 ; 
filamentis basi perianthii foliolorum insertis, eademque aequanti- 
bus. Anthers cordato-subrotundse, biloculares, sinum affixae, 
introrsae vel in nonnullis innatae. Ovaria 3, plus minus con- 
creta, pluriovulata : styli brevissimi stigmatibus simplicibus vel 
subcapitatis desinentes. Capsula submembranacea vel co- 
riacea^ ovata, 3-loba, demum tripartibilis ; carpellis gibbosis, 
polyspermis, intus (et superne ad do^jum) dehiscp-'" 
Semina oblonga, subarcuata, angulata seu u* r! 

134 Melanthacearum America Septmtrionalis Revisio. 

Caules scapiformes, non bulbcscentes : folia pleraque 
radicalia, aequitantia : Jlorcs spicati aut racemosi, albidi, vires- 
centi-flavidi, rariusve sordide coccinci ; pedicellis solitariis aut 
2 — 3-natis, bracteis parvis stipatis. 

Tofieldia, Hucls.fl. Angl. p. 157 ; Smith, jl. Brit. p. 397, 
et in trans, soc. Linn. 12, p. 23S ; Dry and. in Ait. hort. 
Kcw. 2,]>. 324 ; Willd. in mag. naturf. fr. 2, p. 27 ; Nutt. gen. 
Up. 235 ; Wahl. fi. Succ. 1, p. 225 ; Torr. Jl' 1, p. 371 ; 
Roem. Sf Schult. syst. 7, p. 103. 

Anthericum, Linn. gen. ed. 1. 

Narthecium, Juss. gen. p. 47 ; Lam. ill. gen. t. 26S ; 
Mirhx.Jh p. 209. 

Isidrogalvia, Ruiz fy Pavon, jl. Per. 3, p. 69, t. 502. 

Conradia seu Leptilix, Raf neogen. p. 3. 

Hebelia, Gmel.jl. Baden. 

Heritera, Schrank. 

Obs. Tofieldia? ^ Triantha (per proximum Narthecium) 
Melanthaceas Junceis alligat. Narthecium Huds. quod ob 
stylos in unicum coalitos Melanthaceis excludendum, Juncis 
foliis equitantibus seu complanatis accedit; quorum J. castaneus, 
Smith paesertim semina utrinque membranaceo-caudata habet. 

1. Tofieldia veba. 

Spioa (vel racemus spicatus) genuina, modo fiorendi cen- 
tripeto : pediceUi saepissime solitares : anthi r<c introrsae : semina 

I Iki;i; i: glabrae. 

I. T. PALUSTRis ■; caule filiformi fere aphyllo ; capitulo 
ovato; Imrolucris tripartitis pedicellos brevissimos fulciautibus ; 
perianthu foliolia obofatis, albidis. 

Melanthacearum America Septentrionalis Revisio. 135 

Tofieldia palustris, " Angl. I. c. (excl. syn.) ;" Smith, Eng. 
hot. t. 536, <$• in trans, soc. Linn. 12, p. 239; Richards, app. Frankl. 
journ. (ed. 2,) p. 11 ; Rcem. <y Schult. syst. 7, p. 1579. 

T. borealis, Wahl. fl. Lapp. p. 89, Sffl. Suec. \, p. 225; Richards. 
1. c. ed. 1. 

T. alpina, Sternb.; Sjneng. syst. 2,^. 14S. 

T. pusilla, Willd. mag. I. c. ; Pursh,fl. 1, p. 246. 

T. (Trianth.) pusilla, Nutt. gen. 1, p. 236. 

Anthericum calyculatum fl. Linn. fl. Suec. 2S8, <$• fl. Lapp. {ed. 2,) 
p. 103, t. 10, fig. 3; Fl. Dan. t. 36. 

Helonias borealis, Willd. spec. 2, p. 274. 

Narthecium borcale, Wahl. nov. act. Holm. 26, p. 24. 

N. pusillum, Michx. fl. 1, j?. 209. 

iiai. In paludosis, graminosis, etc. American arcticee, el 
ab Unalaschka ! usque ad lacum Mistassins. 

Obs. Cl. Nuttallio perperam ad subgenus suum Triantha 

2. T. coccinea; caule (erubescente) plerumque diphyllo; 
spica capitata ; involucris triphyllis ad flores fere sessiles ap- 
proximatis ; perianthii foliolis anguste obovatis, viridi-coccineis. 

Tofieldia coccinea, Richards, app. Frankl. journ. (ed. 2,) p. 11 ; 
Rcem. 8f Schult. syst. 7, p. 1580 ; Hook. <$• Am. ! hot. Beechcy, p. 
130, t. 29 (bis). 

Hab. Ad oras maris hyperborei, Richardson ; in Una- 
laschka, Chamisso ; et ad fretum Kotzebuanum, Bccchcy ! 

Obs. An priore satis diversa ? Specimen Unalaschkense in 
herb. cl. Torreyi (sub nom. T. borealis cl. Fischer communi- 
catum) utrumquc connectere vidctur. 

130 Melanthaccarum America Scptentrionalis Rcvisio. 

3. T. stbnopetala, Smith. 

T. sttnoprtiila, raccmo cylindraceo, bracteis calycem superantibus, 

cault claim* dipbyllo, petalis lanceolatis acutis. — Smith, in trans, soc. 
Linn. 12, p. 213, t. 8, Jig. 1. 

Hnh. " Gathered by Kalm in North America, but in what 
part we are unable to determine. Three of his specimens are 
preserved in the Linncean herbarium." Smith, I. c. 

Obs. Planta Linnreo cum T. palustri fy T. aljmia 
omnino confusa, et secundum Smith huicnimis affinis, in Ame- 
rica-boreali nullo nisi Kalmio detectaest. An specimina Kalinii 
vero in America aut in Europa-boreali lecta? Plantas siccas e 
Gothlandia sub. nom. T. cahjculata (T. alpina, Smith) a cl. 
Agardh et Casstrom miserunt, in herb. cl. Torreyi examinavi, 
qua: descriptione tabulaque T. stenopetala? Smith bene qua- 
drant ; prjesertim antheris cordatis acutis, nee apice emarginatis 
ut in T. ruhjnilata. 

4. T. ci-AiuiA ; caule inferno foliato ; racemo elongato, 
densifloro ; involunis trifidia floribus approximates; carpellis 
apice distinclis, stylis vix ullis. 

Tofleldifl glabra* Nutt.! gen. 1. />. 236, djf in trans. Am. phil. sor. 

is, r. 2. , ."», p. L53 i Ram, if Sekvlt, tytt. 7, p. 157 I. 

T. glaberrima, Mm Bride, in Ell. ! hot. >'• Car. $f Georg. I, p. 424 j 
Ram. fy Schull. I. e. />. 157U ; Spreng. tytt, 2, p. 144. 

Radix fasciculata r.r Nutt., fert tuberosa ex Ell. Caulis 2 — 3-pe- 
dalis, supra basin 2 — 3-foliatUB. Folia fere T. pubenttU. Jiaccmut spici- 
formis, cylindrirus, 1 — 5 uiir. longus ; pedicellis (confettis, intardttm 1 » i — 
natisi loogitudine Qorum, bractaia subalatu pauld Loogioribus, Finns 

|>.'i 1 1 1 ii 1 ii 1 1 1 majorat (|iiriin in 7'. /nthi nit , \ ir< srcnii-albi. FcriaiitliJ't folioln 

orali-oblooga. FUamenta craasd tubulata, complanata, infarnd aanum 
di l ata t a, demum plana, l-nervia. AtUhera oblonga, inoorav; loculia 
ini> m>- dutioctia 1 1 subdivargentibtu. Captula triloba, deniqne tripar- 
dbilis, c-arjM His ft — lO-sprrinis, stylo brcvissiiuu apiculatib : stigmata 

■ubeapitata. Semina luitari-oblonga. 

Mclanthacearum America Seplentrionalis Revisio. 137 

Hob. In paludosis et pratis humidis prope Wilmington 
Carolina? super. Nuttall! et Curtis! prope Columbiam, Ca- 
rolinae, infer. (MacBride), et in Arkansa (Nuttafyi 

Obs. Facie fere T. fjubcntis ; floribus specierum verarum. 
Sprengel perperam ad T. cernuam ducit. 

2. Subgex. Triantha. Nutt. 

Spica racemiformis, e fasciculis altemis scepius 3-floris 
composita, modo florendi centrifugo : anthera innatae : semina 
utrinque subulato-caudata. 

Herb^e caulibus pedicellisque pulverulento-pubentibua vel 

5. T. (Triantha) pubens ; caule subnudo, asperiuscule 
pulverulento-pubente ; spica multiflora e fasciculis subdistan- 
tibus ; capsula vix perianthium superante. 

Tofieldia pubens, Dryand. in Ait. hort. Kew.(ed. 2,) p. 326; EU. hot. 
S. Car. §• Gear if. 1, p. 424 ; Smith, in trans, soc. Lin. 12, p. 245 ; 
Torr. ! fi. 1, p. 371 ; Spreng. syst. 2, p. 144; Ram. <§• Schult. syst. 7, 
p. 1570. 

T. pubescens, Pers. syn. 1, p. 399; Pursh, fl. 1, p. 216; Redout. 
Lit. t. 224. 

T. (Triantha) pubescens, Nutt. gen. l,p. 236. 

Melanthium racemosum, Wait. Car. p. 126, non Michx. 

Narthecium pubens, l,/». 209. 

Anthericum calyeulatum, Linn. hort. Cliff.; Gron. Vim. fide Snath. 

Rhizoma horizonialis, Bubind£ tuberosa < cauct. Folia Linearis, < !on- 
gata. Scapus fere nu'lus, supra (pedicellisque prasertim) pubescentii 
subglandulari. Spica 1 — 4 unc. longa, fasciculis imis uiternodis breviori- 
bus. PediceUi floribus parum longiores, Binguli bractea parva, et fasci- 
cule- bractea oommuni minimi stipati; involucro iridentato sub flore< 
Perianthium viridescenti-albidum ; foliolia oblongo^obovatis, altrrnis 
VOL. IV. I - 

138 Melanthaceai u bnerica SfiptentritmaJis Revisio. 

brevioribu-; Pilamenta Bubulata, perianthium aequantia. Anthrr<r 
(grise<r vel purpuras* i Dtes)breviter oblonga\ liasi bifida?, demnin subcor- 
dats Capsvla brunnea, ovata, subtriloba; carpellis ad apicem coalitis, 
dorso carinatis, Btylis divergentibus Bubulatia aesiaentibua — Julio — 
Sept Borel 

Hob. In pinetis humidis el sylvis herbosis, n Delaware ad 
Alabamam ! et Floridam! 

6. T. (Triantha) glutinosa ; raulc inferne folioso, 
scabride glanduloso; spioa pauciflora e fasciculis approxi- 
matis : capsnla prriantliiuni snpeiante. 

Tofieldia (Triantha) glutinosa, Nutt. gen. I, p. 236. 

T. glutinosa, Willd. in mag. naturf.Jr.2,p.29; Pv,Tsh,fl. l,j>. 246; 
Smith, in trans, soc. Lin. L2, p. 246, t. B,Jig. 2; Spreng. syst. 7, p. 
144 (excl. svii.i : /.'■ ■ . 8f Schult. syst. 7. p. LffJ I ; Bongard, oeg. Sit- 
cha, I. c. p. 167. 

Nariln ciuiji trlutiiiosuriii 1. /<. 210. 

JHuzoma horizoutale, subligneum, fibris longis 9implicibus. * 'avlis pe- 
dalis, gracilis, Buperni audus (quandoque folio bracteiformi) glandulis 
glutinosis asperulisque conspersus, inferui foliosus. Folia breviora quam 
in T. /mil nlf, ferd obtusa. S/iim fere uncial is; fasciculis (4 — 6, BBBpd 
L-floris) coarctatis. Pedicelli aspernlo-pubentes, sa p£ glandulosi, (lores 
\ ix Bsquantes, braeted commani lati Bemiamplectante, et singuli brai 
minimd ii|>aii : involucrum vi\ tridentatum el quasi truncatum a Bor< 
paululura distans. /'■ ianthii foliola oblonga vrel ovali-obovata, altemis 
pauld Longioribus. Filamenta perianthium demum pauld 9uperantia. 
■ i in fuscae, brevioreaquam in T.pubente, demum rotundo-cordatae. 
f 'apsula perianthio pi rsisti ate ferfl dupld longior, i>\ ata, apice purpuras- 
cent< ■ carpellis ad apicem <naliii-. ~i\li- brevibus vix divergentibus 
abrupt! desinentibus ; Btigmata fer£ capitata. 

Huh. In sylvia Canada' (a Quebec! ad lacum Mistassins 
Miilnmr) Michigan! Ohio! Indiana! el Americas bor.-occ 
ii - « j i m • ad insulara Sitcha ! Ruthenorum. 

Ob$, Melanthium aspericaule, Potr. quod Sprengel ad hanr 
• i I'm in. & Schult ad T. puberitem ducit, est Amianthii 


Melanthaccarum America Septentrionalis Reinsio. 139 

10. PLEEA. Michx. 

Flores hermapbroditi. Pekiaimthii foliola (lauceolata) 
petaloidea, basi subcoalita, exunguiculata, eglandulosa, stella- 
tim patentissima. Stamina 9 — L2 ! ; filamentis subulato-seta- 
ceis cum perianthio insertis, eodemque brevioribus. Anthers 
lineares, basi bifida-, sinurn affixa- (versatiles), introrsae, bilocu- 
lares ; valvis post dehiscentiam dorso ad dorsum appressis. 
Ovaria ■*>, angulis internis coalita, pluriovulata, stylis 
brevibus Subulata : stigmata simplicia. Capsula coriacea, 
ovata, triloba ; carpellis polyspermis, dorso carinatis, intus 
dehiscentibus. Semina oblonga, apice setaceo-caudat;i. 

Caules graciles, juneiformes, e rhizomatibus cacspitosis ; 
radicibus fibrosis rubris: folia (pleraque radicalia) distieha, 
sempervirentia, arida, aequitantia, angustissima, acutissima ; 
vaginis foliorum radicalium tequitantibus, caulinorum convo- 
luto-amplectantibus, marginibus non coalitis : racemus simplex, 
pauci-(plerumque 6-) florus : bractea spathaceae (vaginis foli- 
orum superiorum similes,) pedicellos singulos bibracteolatos 
includentes : floras pallide crocei ex Michx. et Ntttt. ! albidi 
extus viridescentes ex Bot. mag. 

Pleea, Michx. fl. 1, p. 247, t. 25 ; Pursh, fl. 1, p. 275 ; 
Nutt. ! gen. 1, p. 261 ; Ell. bot. S. Car. 8f Georg. 1, ]>. ^<>5; 
Spreng. sijst. 2, p. 264 ; Bof. mag. /. I 0-56. 

PljEA. Peru. syv. 1, p. 451. 

Obs. Genus di<tinctissimum, affine hie Tojicldice illic 
Zivadeno. Stigmata sessilia ex MkIuivx sunt rectc stvli 
breves stigmatibus simplicibus desincutes. 

140 Mdanthacearum America Septentrumaiis Rcvisio. 

P. TENUTFOLIA. Mic'/i.r. I. C. Ct Auct. cit. 

Pi dalis vel bipedalis. Folia radicalia S — 12 unc. longa, fere lineam 
lata, sensim acutissima; laminis intra apicem vagina' < >rtis ; caulina 
perpauca; summa lamina brevi, setacea. Bractca oblongac, convolutae, 
pedicellum penitus Lnvolventes, cuspidatae. Pedicetti unciales, angulati, 
medio 2 bracteolis parvis allernis munili. Pcr'uinthu foliolafere arida, 
suba?qualia, acuta. Fttamenta ad apicem attcnuata; antheris fuscis. 
< 'apsula fusco-purpurasrens, perianthio pcrsistente brcvior ; carpellis sub- 
eymbaibrmibus, intus (ct srcpe dorso demum) dehiscentibus. Semina 
plurima, brunnea, biscriata, basi vix appendiculata, apice subitd cauda 
gracillimfi instructa. 

Hab. In udis apertis Carolina) superioris prope Wilming- 
ton, Dclilc-' Nuttall! Curtis! et in Carol, infer, fide M ichaux. 

Mclanthaceae Boreali-Americana) mihi ignotas sunt, 

1. Melanthiu.m spicatum, Walt. Car. p. 125. (An 
hujus ordinis . p ) 

2. Helo.mas graminea, But. 7iiag. t. 1599. (Iconem non 


















.1 '/ . / I 


Fig i 

Fia 1 

% : 


Jim Lye 1 c' A 

// ,?,-;■>,' / . /',' . y ■ ■. " 

; /,„ // / 

Vol. IV. 

FEBRUARY, 1846. 

No. 5. 











John R. M'Gown, Printer, 128, Fulton-itrsat. 

The Corresponding Members of the Lyceum op Natural His- 
tory are respectfully requested to forward communications on any 
subjects connected with the Natural Sciences, to the Secretary of 
the Society. Chemical Examinations of Animal, Vegetable and 
Mineral substances, will be acceptable, as well as Descriptions and 
Accounts of any new objects, in the three kingdoms of Nature. 

As the publication of the Annals has now been resumed, with 
a prospect of continuance, it is hoped that every one connected 
with the Lyceum will exert himself, that no delay may take place 
iii their appearance at reasonable intervals. Donations to«the Mu- 
seum, of Shells, Fossils, Minerals, and such Animals as are best 
preserved in spirits, are solicited. 

Monograph of the Species of Pasimachus inhabiting /At United 
States ; with Dcscrijrtions of two New Genera, belonging to 
the family Carabica. By John L. Le Conte. Read Novem- 
ber 9th, 1845. 

The genus Pasimachus was established by Bonelli, on two 
large North American Carabica, described by Fabricius as Set. rites; 
a species discovered by Palisot de Beauvois was found to be con- 
generic with them, and shortly afterwards our distinguished com- 
patriot, Mr. Say, described a fourth species. A fifth was detected 
in Mexico, and very recently Mr. Haldeman has added to the 
Fauna of the United States another, which he communicated to 
the scientific world, through the Academy of Natural Sciences of 

Having collected a great number of specimens from different 
parts of our county, on submitting them to examination, several 
new species were rendered apparent, and in view of chis fact, it 
was thought necessary to prepare a short notice of them. To facil- 
itate the determination of these, it was deemed expedient to 
introduce descriptions of the species heretofore mentioned by au- 
thors, more especially as several important characters appear to 
have been overlooked. The paper has thus assumed somewhat 
the form of a monograph, though I should scarcely wish to dignify 
a work so imperfect by such a name. 

To avoid repetition, I follow the example of "Westwood in class- 
ing with the generic marks, all those characters which appear to 
be constant in every species, although of such slight importance as 
scarcely to be regarded essential to the constitution of the genus. 

Pasimachus is near'y allied to Scarites, Acanthoscelis, Oxygna- 
thus, Carenum, and several other genera of the Scaritides, by means 
of its obtuse maxillae; in the first of tliese genera the tooth with which 
this or; usually terminated, exists in a very rudimentary state, 

and in the others it is not perceptible. In its dentated mandibles 
it resembles ('crenum, Scarites, ;ind a few others. By the well- 
marked posterior angles of the thorax, it exhibits a leading off to- 

142 Sjyecies of Pasi?nachtis 

wards Mono, Catadromus, and the other allied genera of the Har- 
palida?. An approach to this is also visible in the genus Carenum ; 
some of the species of which resemble Pasimachus depressusin the 
form of the thorax. 

Another link in this chain will be found in the gdhus Euryde- 
rus, which with the head and body of a Harpalide, combines the 
palmatcd tibia? of Scarites and its allies ; in some minor points, this 
genus exhibits a relation to Daptus, and the other androgynomor- 
phous Harpalicla 1 , while the genus Gnathoxys, (Westwood,) uni- 
ting to the oral organs of the Feronida?, the antenna?, feet, and 
pedunculated abdomen of Scarites, affords still another point in 
the chain of affinitus. 

The last insect described in this paper, (which is probably con- 
generic with Helluo pygma?us (Dej.) of which, however, I do not 
possess a specimen,) I regard as forming one of the line of analo- 
gies connecting the Brachinida*, and Harpalida?, the Scaritida? also 
tending towards the same point ; in the form of the antenna? and 
body, it closely resembles some of the species of Ozcena, while its 
oral organs approximate it to Morio. 


Corpus subelongatum, parallelum, apterum. 

Caput latum, subquadratum, depressum, imprcssione utrinque 
a labio quadrante exteriorc, postice tendente, et inter oculos cess- 
ante, lineaque obliqua ab angulis anticis rectis, ad impressionem, 

Mandibui, u latae, validae, acuta?, dentata?, dente lato, sinistro 
emarginato. Tab. I., c. 

M wi;.i. e apice rotundatae, intus dense barbate. Tab. J., a. 

LABRUM breve, latum, rugulosum, anticc utrinque sinuatum. 

Lahiiw articulatum, magnum, antice utrinque profunde cmar- 
ginatum, ita ut trilobatum videtur, lobo cxteriore rotundmto, medio 
minore, apicc; fere acuto. Tab. I., b. 

Palpi labiates e radiculifl, ad lobi medii latus orientes, articulis 
duobus libcris, lmo elongato, cylindrico, 2ndo sestjui minore, ob- 

inhabiting the United States. 143 

conico, epice paulo truncate Tab. 1. b. : maxillarcs extemi arti- 
culo lmo crassiusculo, paulo incurvato, 2ndo breviore elongato, 
3io obconico, truncato : interni, filiformes, articulis, duobus aequali- 
bus. Tab. I., a. 

AntexnjE ante oculos ad mandibularum basin, fovea profunda, 
insertae, articulo lmo longiore, crassiore, superne concaviusculo 
2ndo reliquis aequante, excepto tertio paulo longiore, ultimo ovato, 
fere acuto. 

Oculi parvi, rotundati. 

Thorax subcordatus, vel subquadratus, antice leviter emargi- 
natus, angulis anticis acutis, postice medio obtusangulariter emargi- 
natus, lateribus plus minusve, et prajcipue ad basin, depressus; 
plerisque impressio obsoleta a marginc ad impressiomen basalem 
extendit, quae, impressio basalis exterior vocetur. 

Elytra parallela, quibusdam convexa, abis fere depressa, mar- 
gine reflexo, postice, turn valde rotundato ex elytrorum convexitate, 
turn subacuminata videntur. 

Pedes modiocres, postici longiores. 

Tibiae anticce subpalmatae, interne ernarginatae, exterae denti- 
bus tribus, duobus anticis longis validis armatae : intermedioe cras- 
siusculaa, margine exteriore ciliis dentibusque minutis instructo, 
spinaque terminali valid a, longa, obtusa: spinis duabus internis 
gracilibus acutis : postica; longiores, graciliores, ciliis dentibusque 
eodem modo, spina externa brevi, intemis duabus, longis, acutis. 

Tarsi filiformes, articulis prirnis longioribus, reliquis, anticis 
brevibus, triangularibus : intermediis obconicis, posticis vero cylin- 
dricis, omnibus infra ciliatis. 

Ungues simplices, graciles. 

Larva P. elongati, latebram profunuam in solo format, ibique 
mores larvae Cicindelae simulat, caj ite ad 08 latebra? apposito, 
praedam expectat, et victimam infelicem propius instantem, ferociter 
corripit : P. marginati,et aHorum, sub arborum emortuarum cortioe 


Species of Pasimachm 

Srecies hujus generis turmas tres effonnant, scilicet: 

§ 1. Elytra bevia, pone basin paulo dilatata, apice sub acumi- 
nata : the ax lateribus valde rotundatis, ad basin contractus, angu- 
lis recurvis. 

§ 2. Elytra leviter striat", parallela, apice subrotundata : thorax 
(P. obsoh co exceptis) la f cribus vix arcuatis, basi paulo anuustior. 

§ 3. Elytra sulcata, vel costis elevatis instructa, planiuscula, 
apice sub acuminata ; tborax lateribus depresses, vix arcuatis, basi 
paulo angustior. 

f * 

c i 

"3 f leviter impressis, 


(^ fortioribus, linea transversa connexis, morio. 


*■■■» • 
C to 


4 c 




longiuscula, marginc remotiuscula ; ) , 
corpore angustiore, convexioi-e. / c on S a us ' 

VIX C(l> M1CU1S 

incurva:is, acute profundis 






u ^ 



° r 

quatuor indistinctis 

alternatim atutioribua 





inhabiting the United States. 145 


Sp. 1. Jcpressus. 

Niger, nitidus ; thorace et elytris, cyaneo-marginalis, illo im- 
pressionibus basalibus levibus ; maudibulis glabris. 
Habitat in provinciis austrafbus. Tab. I., Jig. 1. 
Scarites depressus. Fabr. Systema Eleuth. Vol. h,p, 123. 

Niger nitidus. Captct, impressionibus frontalibus rectis laavi- 
bus, linea levi ad angubun capitis anteriorem extendente, rugulia 
paucis indistinctis notata; mandibular glabra? ; labrum utrinque ad 
latera impressum, longitudinaliter rugosum; antenna" articulis qua- 
tuor primis nitidis, caBteris brunneo pilosis. Thorax lateribns 
tenuiter cyaneo-marginatus, linea longitudinali levi ; impressions 
transversa antica margine approximata, ad latera distincta, medio 
leviter notata ; basalibus levibus, subtriangularibus, postice incur- 
vis, rugulis paucis indistinctis notatis : impressione basali exteri- 
ore lata, levi. Elytra glabra convexa, lateribus rotund ata, apice 
subacuminata, tenuiter cyaneo-marginata, lirea punctorum elato- 
rum juxta margin em reflexum signeta; carina brevi acuta, aim- 
mero infra tendente, quse carina humeralis vocetur. Tibia posticae 
spina interior exteriore duplo longior. 

* Sp. 2. morio. 

Niger, laevis ; maudibulis glabris ; tborace impressionibus basa- 
libus pro fiiii dioribus, postice connexis. 

Habitat in Carolina, a Dom. Zimmerman receptus. Tab. I., 

Statura fere praecedentis, sed paulo latior, et minus nitidus; 
Caput impressionibus frontalibus paulo longioribus, linea solita 
versus angulum tendente exterius dilatata fossulaque levi interna 
paulo pone juncturam ; mandibular et an'ennre sicut in praxedente ; 
labrum antice sinuatum, fossulia rugisque pluribus nolalum. 
Thorax lateribus minus rotundatis ; impressione transversa ante- 
riore margine approximata, medio fere obsoleta: linea longitudi- 
nali levissima ; impressione transversa posteriore fortiter notata 

146 Species ofPasimachus 

cum basalibus parallclis longioribus levibus juncta; basalibus ex- 
terioribus levioribus. Elytra lateribus paulo rotundioribus, carina 
humcrali serieque punctorum ut in praecedente instructa ; tibite 
posticae spina interior brevior. 

Sp. 3. punctulatus. 

Niger, nitidus, sub cyaneo-marginatus ; mandibulis transverse 
leviter rugosis, impressionibus froutalibus profundis, rugosis, linea 
obliqua rugulis plurimis ; impressionibus thoracis basalibus subru- 
gosis, postice subcoeuntibus ; elytris lineis punctorum plus minusue 

Habitat in Alabama, Texas, et ad flumen Arkansas prope mon- 
tes. Tab \.,Jig. 3. 

Pasimachus punctulatus, Haldeman, Proceeding Ac. Nat. So., 
Phil. ; Vol. I., p. 299. 

Sequenti similimus, sed major, et subcyaneo-marginatus ; Jab- 
rum crebre striatum ; caput impressionibus profundioribus rugosis, 
linea obliqua solita striolis transversis. Thorax lineis transversis 
crebris undulatis, impressionibus basalibus undulato-rugosis, inte- 
rius approximatis. Elytra lineis pluribus punctorum indistincto- 
rum, quae interdum cessant. 

* Sp. 4. Icevis. 

Niger, nitidus ; mandibulis transverse leviter rugosis ; impres- 
sionibus froTitalibus minus profundis, linea obliqua fossuliformi ; 
thoracis basalibus subtriangularibus, laevibus. 

Habitat New Tersey. Tab. l.,Jrg. 4. 

Niger nitidus ; corpus latiusculum. Mandibular rugulis trans- 
versis notatae ; labium utrinque ad lateia impressum anticeque 
leviter sinuatum ; fossulis rugisque pluribus notatum ; impression- 
ibus froutalibus minus profundis, interne dilatalis ; linea solita in 
fossulam prof'undatn ad angulum dilatata. Thorax lateribus valdc 
rotundatus, postice valde retractus; impressionibus basalibus rcc- 
tis Laevibus, exteriore transversa, recta, levi. Elytra omnine ut 
in depresso. 

inhabiting the United States. 147 

* Sp. 5. elongatus. 

Angustior; niger, nitidus ; thorace, elytrisque cyaneo-margina- 
tus ; mandibulis, labio, impressionibusque capitis et thoracis rugo- 
sis ; caiina humerali longiore. 

Habitat in Territorio Missouriensi ubique. Tab. I., Jig. 5. 

Pasimachus depressus, var. a. Say. Trans. Am. Philos. Soc, 
New Series, Vol. II., p. 19. 

Niger nitidus ; corpus angustius, convexiusculum ; mandibular 
transverse rugosae, labrum fortitcr striatum, versus medium utrin- 
que impressum ; impressionibus frontalibus profundis, rugulis paucis 
indistinctis ; linea obliqua fortitcr impressa, rugis notata. Thorax 
lateribus minus rotundatus cceruleo-marginatus ; impressione trans- 
versa anteriore ad latera profunda, medio obsoleta ; linea longitu- 
dinali satis distincta ; basalibus triangularibus profundis, rugulis 
paucis notatis. Elytra longiora, angustiora, apice minus subacu- 
minata, cceruleo-marginata, lineis punctorum levibus notata, quae 
sicut in punctulato, interdum obso'etae sunt. 

* Sp. 6. substriatus. 

Niger, nitidus, subcyaneo-marginatus; mandibulis oblique striatis 
impressionibus frontalibus postice obsoletis, antice rugosis ; thora- 
cis impressionibus parvis, triangularibus, profundis, rugosis ; elytris 
levissime striatis, transverseque rugosis. 

Habitat Long Island, provinciae Novi Eboraci. Tab. \.,ftg. 6. 

Pasimachus substriatus, LcConte, per Halderman, Proceed. 
Ac. Nat. Sc. Phil. Vol. I. p. 313. 

Niger, nitidus, subcyaneo-marginatus ; caput rugulis paucis 
pone oculos ; impressionibus frontalibus postice vix conspicuis, an- 
tice rugis paucis, linea obliqua profunda, valida, rugulis notata; 
labrum rugosum, antice medio tridentatum, dente intermedio ma- 
jore, rotund ato ; mandibulx oblique striatic. Thorax rugulis paucis 
ad latera, marginc subcyanca, angulis posticis obtusis ; impressione 

148 Species of Pasimachus 

transversa anteriore, medio obsoleta ; linea longitudinal] satis dig- 
tincta, impressione lata levi ad dodrantcm ; impressionibus liaaali- 
bus parvis, profundis, triangularibus, rugis pauciB brevibus notatis. 
Elytra parallela, convexa, apice subacuminato-rotundata, cyaneo-j 
jiuaia, levissime ct obsoletissime striata, striis latis, exteriori- 
bus paulo evidentioribus, rugis nonnullis obsoletis transversia, 
Tibia intermedia.- breviusculae. 


Sp. 7. ohsolctus. 

Niger, nitidus ; mandibulis leviter striatis ; impressionibus 
frontalibus profundis, rugosulis notatis ; basalibus profundis, rugo- 
sis, incurvatis ; elytris sulcis tribus exteris evidentioribus, reliquia 
obsoletis, linea simplici punctorum notatis. 

Halriat ad flumen Platte, prope Rocky Mountains. Tab. I., 

fig- -7. 

Niger nitidus subcyaneo-marginatus. Mandibular leviter stria- 
ta ; / brum utrinque striatum, medio magis exstans, laeve ; impres- 
sioncs frontales profundae, marginera anticum capitis atti i Rentes, 
rugosuli i pluribus notatae ; linea obi i qua valida. Thorax postice 
retractus, margine rotundatus, angulis posticis rectis; impressioni- 
bus basalibus profundis, rugosis incurvatis, medio fere coeuntibus ; 
linea longitudinal] tenni. Elytra minus parallela, pone liumeros 
paulo dilatata ; proptei ea, sectionis nrimae formam assumit corpus ; 
Bui bus ( ternis distinctis, tertioque satis uotato, reliquU ob- 

soletissimis, lineis quin [ue punctorum Bimplicibus substitulis, (' ■■•- 
teri j>i i i dentes assimilat. 

* Sp. 8. assimilis. 

N jer, nitidus, subcyaneo-marginatus ; mandibulis ol liqucstri- 
atis in mibus frontalibus rugulis paucti an icis; tborace ru- 

iloso ; irapn ibus basalibus levibu ; • '\ ria opaciusculis, 

Btriali tr i \e\ iter rugose-punclatu . 

Habital in Georgia, rarius. Tab. [., Jig. 8. 

Niger nitidus, Bubcyam i-mai ; m an dibula oblique ru- 

inhabiting the United States. 149 


gosae, lahrum sicut in substriato ; impressionibus frontalibus sctis, 
antice rugulosis, linea obliqua profunda. Thoracis forma sv 'stri- 
atum, et sequentes onumm refert, minus tamen antice rotui.iatus, 
rugulis indistinctis, praesertim ad latora notatus ; impressione trana- 
versa anteriore, margine approximata, medio obliterata, lin( lon- 
gitudinali distincta ; basalibus levibus, ad marginem subextc enti- 
bus. Elytra parallela, convexa, ]>osticc sub-rotundata, cyain aiar- 
ginata, minus nitida, striata, striis rugose-puixtatis, extemis . iori- 
bus, sulcos effingentibus, 3ia. et 7ma. 5ta. ct Gta. versus a] Iccm 
conjunctis. Ca?teris praecedentes refcrt. 

* Sp. 9. rugosus. 

Latiusculus, cyaneo-marginatus ; mandibulis rugosis ; impres- 

sionibus frontalibus levibus, linea obliqua profunda, excaval tho- 
racis basalibus incurvatis parvis, rugosis ; elytris striis latior: s. 
Habitat in Nova Caesarea. Tab. II., Jig. 1. 

Corpus latius, convexiusculum, nigrum, cyaneo-marginatum, 
mandibulce et lahrum sicut in praecedente : impressionibus 1 tali- 
bus levibus; linea obliqua exarata, profunda, Irevi ; thorax lateri- 
bus antice vix rotundatis, angulis anlicis acutis, posticis c tusis; 
impressione transversa anteriore, medio obliterata, distinct! 1 la- 
tera ; liuea longitudinali profunda, rugulis paucis transversi inter- 
secta; basalibus brevibus, posticc incurvatis, rugosis, rugis- le no- 
nullis versus angulum posticum. E'/;/ra ut. in rraecedente, s( ;triaj 
paulo latiores, 3ia. et. 4ta. 5ta. ct Gta. conjunctis. 

S;j. ! 0. suhlavis. 

Latiusculus, cyaneo-marginatus ; mandibulia rugosis, in essi- 
onibus frontalibus latis rugulosis, linea obli |ua di i ta, b bus 
oblongis, rectis, laevibus, elytris striis (exceptis primia du lati- 

oribus, sulcos simulantibus. 

Habitat in Georgia. Tab. U.,Jig. 2. 

Scarites sublevis. Pal sot de Beauvois. Inscctes uV Afr , e ct 
d'Amerique, p. 107. 

150 Species of T asimaclius 

Statura fere praecedentis, paulo latior; mandibtdis et lahro pri- 
ores refert : imprcssionibus frontalibus longioribus, latis, subrugo- 
sis ; linea obliqua, distincta, rugulis notata. Thorax margine ver- 
sus angulum posticum latiore ; basi nun marginatus (quo ab omni- 
bus aliifl differt) ; impressionc transversa anteriore medio oblitera- 
ta ; linea longitudinal! distincta; basal ibus longioribus, rectis, pos- 
tice incurvatis, profundis, hevibus. Elytra sti'iis externis protundi- 
oribu.., prima angusta, inconspicua, reliquis latis, sulcos simulanti- 
bus, 3ia. et 4ta. 5ta. et Gta. versus apicem cocuntibus, omnibus in- 
conspicue rugoso-punctatis. 

Sp. 11. subsulcatus. 

Deprcssior, postice sub-acuminatus, niger, cyaneo-marginatus : 
manddudis fere glabris ; impressiouibus frontalibus profundis, 
cyaneo-micantibus ; imprcssionibus basalibus profundis, hevibus ; 
elytris costis subclevatis indistiuctissimis. 

Habitat in provinciis australilms, rarius. Tab. 11.,^^. 3. 

Pasimachus subsulcatus. Say. Trans. Am. Pbilos. Soe. New 
Series, Vol. XI., p. 19. 

Corpus dcpressum, postice subacuminatum, cyanco-marginntum, 
mandi'iiiln' rugulis paucis obsoletia ; labrum utrinque fovcolistribus, 
antic- Bub-tridentatum ; imprcssionibus frontalibus profundis, latis, 
violace »-submicantibus ; linea obliqua distincta transverse rugosa. 
Thorax Bubquadratus, antice emarginatus, angulia anticis acutis, 
lateribuB leviter rotundatis, margine reflexo, angulia posticis subrec- 
tis : itnpressione transversa anteriore margine approximata, medio 
vix distincta : linea longitudinali bene notata ; basalibus profundis, 
postice mbcoeuntibus, violaceo-submicantibuB, cum imprcssiono 
altera, juxta marginem, Bubrotunda. Wytra costis elatis obsoletis, 
(prope uturam obliteratis,) altornatim evidentinribus, margine re- 
flexo. SubtUB violaceomicans, abdomen nigrum. 

inhabiting the United States. 151 

Sp. 12. marginatus. 

Depressior, postice sub-acuminatus : niger violaceo-marginatus ; 
mandibular subrugosa? ; impressionibus frontalibus latis, rugosis, 
postice sub-coentibus, thoracis margine depresso, latiusculo, basali- 
bus latis minime profundis, elytra 7-costata, costis altematim evi- 

Habitat in provinciis australibus, communius. Tab. W.,fig. 1. 

Scarites marginatus Fabr. Sys. Eleutb. p. 123. Pasimachus 
sulcatus Mac Leay. Dej. Cat. 

Niger, opaciusculus, depressior, postice subacuminatus, sub- 
violaceo marginatus ; mandibulce rugis paucis indistincus ; labrum 
profunde impressum, antice subtridcntatum ; impressiones frontales 
lata?, subrugosar, violaceo-micantes, postice subcoeuntes linea ob- 
liqua distincta. Thorax subquadratus lateribus leviter rotundatus, 
depressis, violaceis versus basin latioribus ; impressione transversa 
anteriore distincta, basalibus latis, geminis, levibus, interiore sub- 
triangulari, postice versus medium tendente, exteriore subrotunda; 
linea longitudinali distincta. Elytra costis septem elevatis, nitidi- 
oribus, suturali vix distincta, 2da. et 4ta. Gta. et 7ma. distinctioribus, 
postice coeuntibus. Subtus subviolaceo-micans ; abdomen nigrum. 


Corpus crassum, ellipticum, convexum, alatum. 

Caput triangulare, postice non retractum. 

Mandibulce validae, obtusae, dente parvo prope basin. Tab. II, 

fig- 5, c. 

Maxillae angusta 5 , apice incurvata;, valde acuta?, intus cilitae. Tab. 
II. fig. 5, b. 

Labrum subquadratum. angulis anticis rotundatis. 

Labium antice profunde emarginatum, basi emarginationis sub- 

Palpi labiales filiformes, art'culis duobns a-qualibus, ultimo ovali 
apice paulo truncato. Tab. W.fig. 5. b. 
maxilla'cs filiformes, articulis suba?(jua!ibiis, ultimis paulo 
brevioribus, ovalibus, apice paulo truncatis. 
interni parvi, tenues. Tab. W.fig. 5. b. 

152 Species of Pasimuchus 

Antennae ad nvmdibularum l>asin, juxta oculos inserts? ; articulo 
primo 1 ingiore, crassiore, roliquis aequalibus, quinto sequen- 
tibusque. submoniliformibus, ultimo ovali. Tab. II. Jig. 5. a. 

Oculi medioeres rotundati. 

Tiiokax subquadiatus, longitudinc duplo latior, antice leviter emar- 
ginatus, angulis obtusis, lateribus rotundatus, ad basin rec- 
tum depressis, angulis posticis planis rcctis. 

Elytra thoracc baud latiora, paraliela, apice rotundata, stria ru- 
diincntali inter primam et secundam posita. 

Sc'JT^T.i.L'M mediocre. 

Pedes validae. 

Tibi.e antica? subpalmata?, lata?, extus subemarginata?, dente ante- 
riore producto, obtuso, intus profunde emarginata?, calcare 
antico magno crasso. 
intermedia? ct postiea? extus ciliata?. 

Tarsi antice articulis trangularibus, maris, flemimeque similes, re- 
liqui subfiliformes. Tab. 11. Jig. 5. d. 

Cox.e postica? externe producta?, apice acuta?. 

Ungues simplices, graciles. 

Genus hocce ad Harpalidarum familiam pertinet. 

* E. zabroides. 

Niger, nitidus, elytri.; interstitio 2ndo. 4to. et Gto. punctorum 
serie DOtatis. 

Habitat apud (lumen Tlatte supra furcationcm, solo vagans. 
Tab. U.fig.b. 

Niger nitidus; labrum setis parvis Donnullis; <n>t< nn<r.\n-nc\i\\$ 
primis quatuor setis paucis, reliquis brunneo-pilosis. Caput im- 
pressionibus duabus inter oculos, bre ibus, latis, sparse punctatis, 
linea transversa antice conncxis. Thorax margine depresso, punc- 
tato, prope basin latiore, setis longis nonnullis e punctis magnis 
juxta in Lrginem orientibus ; ante impressionem transversam distinc- 
tion punctis paucis notatus ; Linea longitudinal] distincta : l>asi pone 

inhabiting the United States. 153 

impressionem transversam posticam, depressa, punctata ; basalibus 
distinctis punctatis. Scutcllum lasve. Elytra striata, stria rudimen- 
tali longa, interstitio Sndo. 4to. et 6to. serie punctorum, e quibus 
oriuntur setae longa?. Epipleurce punctis impressis setiferis. Pedes 
et abdomen setis plurimis instructi. 

PSYDRUS. gen. nov. 

Corpus depressum, subelongatum. 

Caput latum, triangulare, pone oculos constrictum. 

Mandibul^ validae acuta?. 

Maxillje apice incurvatae acuminata?. 

Labrum breve, leviter emarginatum. 

Labium magnum, concavum, profunde emarginatum, dente nullo. 
Tab. II, fig. 6, b. 

Palpi labialcs breves, articulo ultimo paulo longiore, crassiore, 
apice truncato. 

maxillarcs externi, articulo pcnultimo duplo breviore, ultimo 
apice truncato. 
interni tenues. 

Antennae apice paulo incrassatae, setiferae : articulo primo longi- 
ore, crasso, secundo, quarto, et senuentibus moniliformibus, 
aequalibus, 3io. paulo longiore, ultimo majore ovali. Tab. 
II. fig. 6. a. 

Oculi rotundati prominentes. 

Thorax subcordatus, lateribus rotundatus, basi retractus, anguli3 
posticis acute rectis. 

Elytra thorace latiora, plana, apice neque sinuata nee truncata. 

Pedes mediocres. 

Tarsi latiusculi ; antici, articulis triangularibus, penultimo parvo. 

Tibiae anticaa, intus profunde emarginatas. 

Ungues simplices. 

Cox.e posticae, latae apice truncatae. 

Genus bocce post Ozaenam Bracbinidarum ponendum, 

154 Species of Pasimachus. 

* P 2>i ceus - 

Piceus niridus, capite, tlioraccque punctatis ; clytris profunde 
Btriato-punotatis, interstitiis punctis parvis serie dispositis. 

Habitat ad Eagle River, lacus Supcrioris. Tab. II. fig. 6. 

Piceus, nitidus ; caput punctatum, impressiones frontales longa* 
obliquae, profundse, grosse punctata-, setisquc paucis. Os ferrugi- 
neum. Antenna; articulis tribus primis glabris, reliquis brunneo- 
pilosis. Thorax tam latus quam longus, punctatus, densius prope 
basin, antice non emarginatus, lateribus tenuissime marginatus, se- 
tis tribus longisj ad angulum anticum, medio, et ad angulum posti- 
cum positis ; linea longitudinali bene notata, impressione transver- 
sa antica distincta, margine remota : postica valde profunda, basal- 
ibus brevibus, profundis, basi depresso-coeuntibus. Elytra tborace 
latiora, latitudine duplo longiora, angulis bumeralibus rotundatis, 
profunde striato-punctatis, interstitiis planis, punctis minutis, online 
dispositis ; 6etis longis nonullis e serie punctorum marginal] orien- 
tibus ; epipleuris concavis la2vibus. Subtus punctatus ; tibia et tarsi 
brunnei, pilosi. 

Description of a New Species of Apus, by John Le Conte, F. 
L. S., &c. Read December 8th, 1845. 

Among the many valuable objects of Natural History which my 
son procured during his late journey to the Rocky Mountains, one 
of the most interesting is the small crustaceous animal, which is 
the subject of the present communication. 

The genus Apus, originally considered by Linne, along with 
the Limulus or Horse-shoe Crab of our own sea coast, as species 
of Monoculus, received its present name from the illustrious John 
Anthony Scopoli. To both the genera Monoculus and Limulus, it 
bears a striking external resemblance, particularly to the latter : 
indeed, if we consider its facies alone (setting aside the naked tail,) 
we should be very apt to conclude that it was a close congener of 
them. But when properly studied, there will be found a vast in- 
terval between these animals, both as regards the structure of the 
body, and the detail of the oral and masticatory organs. This in- 
terval is undoubtedly filled up by numerous beings, either not 
known or not yet sufficiently examined ; " Natura enim non facit 
saltus :" Savigny has observed that there is as much difference be- 
tween them as between a crab and a spider (phalangium.) 

But three species of Apus are known to Naturalists; the A 
cancriformis the A. productus of Leach, by him called^ Lepidu- 
rus, and the A. Montagui, of the same author. The first and last 
of these are readily distinguished from our species by the shortness 
of the caudal extremity, and the other by having an oval horizontal 
lamina extending from the emai'gination of the last joint of the 

It may not be amiss to observe here, that the animal described 
by Mr. Say, in the Journal of the Academy of Natural Sciences 
of Philadelphia, vol. 1, page 437, and considered by Dr. Dekay, 
in the fifth volume of the Natural History of this State, as an 
Apus, cannot belong to the same genus as this which we are now 
considering, as it was found parasitic on a crab, and has but two 
eyes ; from the very imperfect description, it is impossible to say 
what it is. It seems to have some relation to Caligus, but as I ob- 

* In the first volume of Major Long's Expedition to the Rocky Mountains, mention is made 
of a species of Apus, three-tenths of an inch in length, but no detailed description is given : it 
may belong to some other genus of Crustacea. 

156 A New Species of Apus. 

served before, it is impossible to determine where it should bo 


Pale brown : buckler large, thin, gibbous, nearly round, carinate 

on the middle of the back, deeply emarginate behind, the edges of 
the emargination fringed with short spines: eyes three, simple, the 
two anterior larger, approximate, somewhat lunate, the third one 
round, placed in the middle behind the two others : antennae very 
short, inserted near the mandibles, two-jointed, joints clyndrical, 
subequal, the second joints somewhat accumulate and naked at the 
tip : first pair of feet, or as they have been called, exterior anten- 
nae, furnished with four articulated filaments; of these filaments, 
the outer one is longer than the body, the next half the length of 
the first, the third about one third the length of the second, and 
the fourth very short : the other feet, amounting to ten pair, are 
flattened, trifid at the tip, the intermediate division being the long- 
est, furnished ou the inner side with a short branch, and exter- 
nally with a broad lamina : below these feet arc twelve pair of 
lamin-.e. the live anterior pair larger, the seven smaller pair reach- 
ing to the vent, which is covered by the last pair ; these laminae 
are complicated in their structure, and ciliate with short hairs: 
tail long, consisting of sixteen joints counting downwards from 
the vent, the last one the longest, somewhat coriaceous, emargi- 
nate and ending in two long articulated naked filaments, the joints 
of the tail and of* the filaments are furnished each with a row of 
small spines, which run entirely round. 

Length to the end of the tail, 1.5 of an inch, of the buckler, 
.05, breadth of the same, 7. 

■Male HI., fig. I. (a.) one of the feet, (b.) one of the lamina 1 . 

Of the habits of this animal, we know but little; it was found 

in immense numbers in a small shallow lake on the high plateau 

between Lodge-pole creet and Crow creek, north-east of Lon 
peak: they were swimming about with great activity, plunging to 
the bottom and r ing in the surface. All of them that wi re cauj 
appear to be male . at l< ai I none of them have any ova attached : 

th( aon in Europe, A. cancril lis, on the contrary, 

never been found but of the opposite s< s. 

Description of Three New Fossils from the Falls of the Ohio, 
by Isaachar Cozzens. Read December 8th, 1S45. 

Although many of the states have employed competent geolo- 
gists to explore their territories, it cannot be but that many objects 
of Natural History must unavoidably have been unnoticed by them ; 
this, I suppose to have been the case with the fossils I am to de- 

About the year 1840, the late Rev. Benjamin O. Peers put into 
my hands a number of fossils, which he informed me were obtained 
at the falls of the Ohio river. After due examination of some twenty 
or thirty distinct species, I selected three, which I believe to have 
been hitherto undescribed. One of these, of which I have three 
specimens, appears to be the buckler of a crustaceous animal ; the 
other two are shells belonging to the classes mollusca and conchi- 
fera ; the one a bivalve, and allied to the Spirifer of Sowerby or 
Delrhyris of Dalman; the other a univalve, belonging to the family 
of Orthocerata. I shall begin by describing the Crustacean. 

Genus Piliolites, (from mTdov, a scull cap.) 

Buckler gibbous, anterior and posterior margins, with a groove ; 
the anterior groove deeper than the posterior, more slightly grooved 
on the sides. 

* Ohioensis. Buckler gibbous, ovate, arched, margined, anterior 
margin smaller and sloping downwards ; posterior, thicker and 
turning up ; lateral margins very small. Plate X. fig. 1, a.b. 
The three specimens from which this description is made, are 
all precisely alike, both in form and size. They have the appear- 
ance or shape of that part of the human skull which is above the eyes 
and ears ; across the front is a furro w, and at the ends of this furrow 
are placed small protuberances resembling eye-brows, under these 
protuberances, the eyes were most probably situated as in living 
crabs. The nearest recent species which this fossil relictresembles, 
is the Leucosia craniolaris, Fabr.; but in this animal the front of 

158 Tlircc New Fossils 

the buckler ij prolonged, whilst in our species it is truncated. In 
the Leucosis the posterior part is truncated, in this it is rounded. 
The specimens which I have are the mere bucklers of the animals, 
without logs, claws, branchiae, or antennae, and resemble the rejected 
shells of ordinary Crustacea. There are on the crown or top of all 
tho specimens, regularly waved lines or grooves; on each side of 
the slope, corresponding to each other, in one specimen, these hnes 
are dark-coloured ; in another the colour is faint, but the grooves 
deeper and more distinct, and in the third, they are almost obso- 
lete. The cavity on the under side of the buckler being entirely 
filled with chrystaline lime-stone, prevents any description of that 
part of the animal being made : length 0.9 inch, breadth 0.7 inch. 


Shell bivalve, inequivalve, having five sides, somewhat gaping j; 
lower valve with three sides, upper with two ; beaks contiguous. 

* P. Peers ii. 

Shell somewhat gaping, with five sides and tln-ee carinae y 
two of the carinae on the lower valve commence at the beak, and 
diverge towards the margin, and end at the opening, the valve be- 
ing concave between them ; the lateral margins small and nearly 
vertical, an elevated carina on the middle of the upper valve,' ren- 
dering its sides somewhat concave. This carina has a shallow 
furrow in it, commencing at the beak and running more than hair 
way along the shell towards the opening. On each side of the up- 
per valve and contiguous to the beaks, are two angular protuberan- 
ces, giving the shell when viewed at the beaks, a pentagonal ap- 
pearance, and at the same time a visage-form look: length 1.1 
inch, breadth 0.0 inch. Plate X. fig. 2, a. b. 

The cavity of this shell was filled with the samo limestone as 
the Piliolites. 


Shell pyramidal, somewhat quadrangular, with the planes some- 
what curved, aperture wido and festooned by lines of growth. 

from the Ohio. 159 

*C. elevata. 

Shell conical or pyramidal, with four nearly equal sides, the 
plane of the sides more or less rounded, one of the sides nearly 
flat, the opposite corresponding one more rounded, the other two 
sides respectively, are neither so flat nor so rounded : substance o 
the shell very thin. Plate X. fig. 3. 

This fossil is of a pyramidal form from the aperture upwards; it 
has annular waved transverse lines in succession from the apex to 
the mouth; these lines are subimbricate, lying partly on one ano- 
ther ; at the opening there are four lips, one on each side corres- 
ponding to the planes, and prolonged downwards ; at each corner 
of the pyramidal form and at the opening, the transverse lines are 
drawn up, forming with the lips a sort of festoon around the base. 
The cavity of this shell is filled with the same substance as the pre- 
ceding species. The limestone from which these fossils were ta- 
ken, is of a grey colour and chrystaline texture ; it is not generally 
known whether it belongs to the Silurian or Carboniferous series. 

On certain Coleoptera, indigenous to the Eastern and Western 
Continents. By John L.Le Conte. 

Read January 19th, 1846. 

The number of forms of animal life common to the two conti- 
nents is far from being great ; and it is therefore presumed that any 
new examples of such extensive distribution will not be without in- 
terest to the student of nature. Many of the species which are 
found on either continent, were undoubtedly introduced from one 
to the other, in the ordinary articles of commerce. Thus, for in- 
stance, Calandra oryzcz has been brought in rice ; Ptinusfur, An- 
threnus museorum and pimjpinellai, several species of Dermestes, At- 
tagenus, and many others belonging to different orders of insects, 
would accompany the various necessaries of life, or the numberless 
articles of luxury which are continually crossing the ocean. Cardites 

1G0 Colcoptcra of t7ic Eastern 

auraius has been carried in the earth surrounding' the roots of trees. 
So raried, in truth, is the habitation of the insect world, that almost 
every conceivable importation may serve as the nidus of some spe- 
cies, which radiating from this point may, in the course of time, 
become completely naturalized in a foreign land. 

There are, however, other kinds for whose presence in this 
country no such satisfactory reason can be assigned. They are not 
confined to the more settled portions of our republic, nor is their 
occurrence a matter of such rarity as to render it probable that their 
abode on this continent has been of short duration. It is to these 
mainly that we shall confine our attention. 

It is not intended in this essay to enter into a detailed examina- 
tion of the various theories which have been proposed, in order to 
accounl for these coincidences of production: any generalizations 
from the few facts at present possessed on the subject, would l>e al- 
togi ther premature. Patient investigation must first make known 
the limits of the distribution of these animals, and then we may hope 
to evolve a theorj Buitable to the results obtained. 

Any BUcb reputed fact, as the discovery of a species on this con- 
tinent, which baa heretofore been supposed to be confined to the 
old world, phould be received with extreme hesitation, and admit 
ted as correct only after tbe moat rigid examination. Many such 
pretended discoveries have been overthrown by the increase of our 
knowledge; similar assertions should therefore be submitted to 
the I scrutiny. 

terii for a short time into the regions of speculation, we 
might easily suppose a 'priori, that in the operation of the general 
laws of creation, which probably obtain throughout the physical uni- 
verse, the productions of the two hemispheres would approximate 
in character, according as the circumstances under which they ori- 

ated were more or less similar. Now one of the most efficient 
of these circumstance . because one thai always continues actii 
with equal force, if a similarity of climate. It is also a fact, almost 
id( ut indeed, from physical considerations, thai the climates of 
the two continents approach more nearly to each other, the farther 
wc pioet ed north ; it might therefore be inferred that tho similari- 

and Western Continents. 161 

ties between the animal inhabitants of the eastern and western world 
would be much more evident the nearer we approach the arctic 
circle. Such in reality is found to be the case ; and if we admit that 
the creative power in nature works by uniform and general laws, it 
will no- longer be matter of surprise, that exactly similar circum- 
stances should occur in a few instances, and thus give rise to organ- 
ized products, so nearly resembling each other, that in the present 
state of our knowledge they must be considered identical. 

It must be confessed that no general laws in the creative organ- 
ic power have yet been shown ; nor is it at all probable that any 
such can be rendered physically evident by human intellect. Their 
existence must always be regarded as a matter of inference, rather 
than an opinion susceptible of direct proof. It is still a question of 
dispute between philosophers, whether the creation of a species is 
to be ascribed to a direct manifestation of a supernatural agency, 
or whether the Deity, in this, as in every department of nature 
which has yet been brought within the scope of scientific research, 
operates by universal laWs impressed upon matter. From the 
gradual increase in complexity of development which is made ap- 
parent in following out the history of any individual organ, it seems 
probable that such laws do exist ; otherwise there would be no special 
reason why the same oi-gan should be formed throughout the whole 
chain of animated nature, by the gradual expansion of a single, 
uniform type. 

If, on the other hand, we were to allow the distinct, and separ- 
ate exercise of omnipotence, for the creation of each separate and 
distinct species, would it not be limiting the power of the Creator 
far below our proper ideas of his greatness, to suppose that one 
primary form alone would suffice for each essential organ, and that 
all others must be derived from this original type .' 

But enough has been already said on this obscure subject, 
which may properly be called the metaphysics of Natural History, 
Let us pass then to some 1 examples of the identity of 

production above referred to. 

1. Loricera pilicornis Fabr. — Several specimens of this curi- 
ous insect were found floating in Lake Superior at Kewenaw Point- 

162 Col copter a of the Eastern 

After a most attentive examination, no difference can be perceived 
between our specimens, and those from the north of Europe. 

2. Bembidium impressum Fabr. — Occurs abundantly about Lake 
Superior. Dr. Richardson's party also found it in many northern 

3. Bembidium paludosum Fabr. — This species inhabits the 
banks of streams emptying into Lake Superior. It is to be care- 
fully distinguished from B. inaequale Say, which it closely resem- 
bles, and which I obtained near the Rocky mountains. 

{ 4. SilpTia Lapponica Fabr. — caudata Say. — This insect is found 
in every part of the continent, from the Atlantic to the Pacific, north 
of 42°. 

5. Corynctcs (Nccrobia) violaceus Fabr. — This necrophage ap- 
peal's to increase in numbers, the farther it is removed from the 
haunts of man : in the barren regions adjoining the Rocky Moun- 
tains, where insects reign in almost undisputed mastery, unchecked 
by scarce a single foe, it may be observed covering the ground un- 
der any small piece of animal matter, which has been overlooked 
by the wolves and ravens, or which has defied the power of their 
teeth and beaks. 

G. Bost ric Int a typographies and others of the same genus. 
. VI "ij 1. 1 ml in every place under the bark of pine trees. 

7. Coccinella Z-fasciata Fabr. — from Lake Superior. 

8. Hippodamia \Z-pwtctata Fabr. found every where. 

In these species, as in the preceding, observation fails to detect 
the slightest difference between the American and European speci- 

Several other examples mighl be easily adduced, but to some 

of them it would be urged, that by some possibility* they might 

have been introduced. In the selections made, all Buch have been 

ided, and thos< Ikewise been excluded, which 

have nol b ■>> . ubmitted to a stricl comparison with well authenti- 

I Lndrt iduals from the old world. 

Many in tana bl likewise be obtained from other orders of 

a Cardui, and some Bpecies of Pierit from the 

and Western Continents. 163 

Lepidopera ; the first of which is found in every part of the globe. 
As however the attention of the writer has been directed more 
particiilarly to the Coleoptera, the species referred to, have been 
exclusively of that order. 

Description of some new species of Shells, By John H. Red- 
field. Read January 26tli, 184G- 

Margixella flavida. Plate X. fig. 4, a. b. — Cabinet of the 


M. testS, parva, ovata, lcevissima, flavida, scepe f asciis tribus sub» 
rufis ; labro albo, crasso, reflexo, intus obsolete denticulato : aper- 
tura lutea : spira breve conica, apice rubro ; columella quadripli- 

Shell small, ovate, highly polished, yellowish white, sometimes 
crossed by three reddish bands, of which the uppermost is immedi- 
ately beneath the suture. Lip white, strongly thickened, obtusely 
reflected, extending a little upon the penultimate whorl, and indis- 
tinctly denticulate within. Spire short, and tipped with red or 
brown. Columella with four plaits, all oblique, the lower ones the 
most so : a slight callosity upon its upper part near its junction 
with the outer lip. Aperture bright yellow sometimes verging up- 
on brown, and deepest near the extremities : length, 0.47 inch : 
breadth, 0.31 inch. 

Hah/tat, Cuba and Bahama Islands. 

Remarks. — This little species though familiar to collectors, 
does not appear to have been described. It occupies an interme- 
diate position between Marginella conoidalis, Kiener, and M. d'ta- 
fhana, Eiener. The three species are each well defined, nud con- 
stitute an interesting little group. The one just described, differs 
from the M. conoidalis in its yellowish color, in being loss solid, and 
in being destitute of the reddish dots usually found upon the outer 
margin of that species. The M. diaphana, on the other hand, is a 

164 Description of some 

still thinner and lighter shell than the M. flarida, of a deeper yel-- 
low, and has the outer margin of its lip stained with orange-red. 
Some eonchologists have referred the shell before us to the J\I. api- 
ci/ta, Menkc, (Synopsis meth. mollusc.) Menke's description, how- 
ever, which is accompanied hy no figure, is so short and indefinite 
as to apply equally well to two or three species, and on reference 
to specimens of M. apicina, in the cabinet of Dr. Jay, received by 
him from Europe under that name, they proved to be well charac- 
terized specimens of M. conoid alis, Kiener, possessing the dots up- 
on the outer lip peculiar to that species. Hinds, (Proc. Zool. Soc. 
April, 1844,) has described a MargineUa Jidda from Cuba, which 
is evidently related to this group, and may perhaps be identical 
with M. conoidalis. 

Marginella obesa. Plate X. fig. 5, a. b. — Cabinet of the Lyceum 

Testa ovata, tumida, leevissima, albido-lutesente, lineis trans- 
versis confer! issimis interruptis fuscis aut nigris, in llammulis un- 
dulatis longitudinalibus dispositis ; spira obtecta, maculis fuscis 
circumdata : labro intus obsolete crenulato, extus scope nigro 
maculato ; columella sex vel octo-plirata ; plicis quatuor inferiori- 
bus distinctis obliquis ; alteris superioribufl obsoletis transversis. 

Shell ovate, tumid, highly polished; color yellowish-white with 
crowded transverse interrupted lines of dark brown, which are in- 
clined tobe grouped in Longitudinal undulations. A vitreous enam- 
el conis the whole shell, so as slightly lo obscure the markings. 

Bpire, which would he nearly concealed by the last u horl, is en- 
i . covered by thi enamel, and is surrounded by five or sis dark 
I.: iwn speckles. The lip is obsoletely toothed within; without, ii 
is not distinctly margined, is m ire of ;i yellowish cast than the resl 
of the shell, and usually ba from one to three black spots or ir- 
i lar blotches. The columella baa from .-i\ to eighl folds; the 
uppermost three or four are verj Bmall, while the lowest but one is 

, slightly bifid within, and extends outwardly into an elevated 

New Species of Shells. 165 

callosity which reaches nearly to the basal notch ; between the ba- 
sal notch and this callosity is usually a brownish spot : length, 0.55 
inch: breadth, 0.36 inch. 

Habitat, Caribbean Sea at Carthagena, S. A. 

Remarks. — This beautiful little Marginella was forwarded me 
from Carthagena, by W. W. Whitney, Esq. It occurs abundantly 
in company with M. interrupta Lam. and in its general aspect is 
so much like that, as to be easily mistaken for it. But an attentive 
examination of a large number of individuals of each species has 
convinced me that they are entirely distinct. The M. interrupta is 
less tumid, and the outer margin of its lip is wrinkled and most dis- 
tinctly defined. The lip of the M. obesa is outwardly smooth, and 
has so little distinctness of outline that when the shell is placed 
with the back upwards, it might be taken for a Cypraea. The M. 
interrupta has often one or more reddish blotches upon the back of 
the shell ; these I have never seen distinctly developed in the M. 
obesa. On the other hand, the M. interrupta is destitute of the 
black speckles which surround the spire of the M. obesa, and of 
the black spots, which in the latter occur upon the outer margin of 
the lip, and near the base of the columella. 

Triton Oregonense. Plate XI. fig. 2, a, b, — Cabinet of Dr. B. 
W. Budd. Cabinet of Naval Lyceum, Brooklyn. 

Testa fusiformi, elongata, tenui, albida, epidermide hirsuta fus- 
ca induta ; anfractibus rotundatis ; plicis longitudinalibus, costis et 
sulcis transversis valde decussatis ; varicibus exilibus ; apertura 
ovata, canaliculata, alba. 

Shell fusiform, elongate ; thin, whitish, covered with a rough, 
hairy, brown epidermis; the whorls are rounded, with from 18 to 
25 longitudinal folds which are cancellated by transverse ribs and 
furrows. There are four or five of these ribs on each of the up- 
per whorls, and each rib is divided by a slight furrow, while the 
intervening hollows are in like manner divided by a slight ridge. 
The last whorl has from 10 to 15 transverse ribs, and their bifid 
character is not so conspicuous as upon the upper whorls. The va- 
rices are about 12 in number, not prominent, and are crossed by 

166 Description of some 

the ribs already mentioned. Aperture ovate, elongate, extending 
downwards into an open canal; the exterior rihs and folds plainly 
visible within. When mature the right lip is slightly thickened in- 
to a varix. The columella shows upon its upper part the trans- 
verse ridges of the shell, the lower portion is smooth and some- 
what twisted ; a slight umbilical trace is seen where the pillar lip 
ia applied to the base of the shell : length, 4.25 inches, breadth, 2 

Habitat, Straits of St. Juan de Fuca, Oregon. 

Remarks. — I am indebted to the kindness of Dr. Budd, for the 
opportunity of describing this curious shell. In form it resembles 
the Fusus antiqnus (Lin.) Lam. It is very nearly allied to T. can- 
cell at urn. Lam. and to T. scahrum, King, but it is readily distin- 
guished from the firmer, by the absence of the elevated tooth or 
ridge which is found upon the upper portion of the columella in 
ihat Bpecies, while from the T. seabrUm it is distinguished by its 
greater size, its elongation, the rounded character of its whorls, its 
longer canal, and its more prominent cancellation. Its varices also, 
though not very prominent, are more so than in cither of the species 
just mentioned. 

Ranella Tiu-.rsites. Plate X. fig. 6, a.b. — My Cabinet — Cabi- 
nets of Dr. fl Tr. Budd, ('. M. WheaOey and X. B. Wilbur. 

Tests' ovatl, gibbosd,, alhido-lutescente, tuberculatd. el transver- 
sim sulcata ; tuberculis elevatis, acutis, compressis, interdum distor- 
ts : raricibus transverse rugosi . ad suturas eanali instructis; aper- 
turfl llaN.'i. wti.'i(juc extremitate canaliculate ; margine dentato, in- 
crassato ; columella rugosi. 

Shell ovate, gibbous, composed of about seven whorls. The 
ippi r whorls are angular at the middle and furnished al the angle 
with a series of elevated, horizontally compressed, pointed tuber- 
cles. These become quite large upon the last whorl and show an 
inclination t<> distortion. The spire usually lias three of these tu- 
ben le between each varix, bul <>n the back of the hut whorl, the 
minil>er vaii.s from one i" i luce, one of the tubercles being some- 

New Species of S7iclls. 167 

times unduly enlarged at the expense of one or more of the re- 
maining ones, thus giving the shell unusual gibbosity. The shell 
is also crossed by numerous revolving elevated lines, two of which 
are more prominent than the others, especially at the point where 
they cross the varices. The uppermost of these ridges supports the 
series of tubercles already mentioned, the other is occasionally el- 
evated at irregular intervals into a few tubercles of much smaller 
size than those upon the upper. The varices are transversely ru- 
gose. Aperture ovate, extending upwards into a deeply hollowed 
channel, the remains of which are very apparent on each of the 
last three whorls, at the junction of the varix with the suture. Right 
lip thickened and strongly denticulate. Columella transversely 
wrinkled. Color yellowish white or light fawn, obscurely and ir- 
regularly clouded with reddish brown, and the last whorl is crossed 
by three series of brownish dots or interrupted lines, of which the 
uppermost two follow the series of tubercles, and the other crosses 
the front of the shell, near the upper part of the aperture, and is 
there more apparent than elsewhere : length, 1.9 inches, breadth 
1.4 inches. 

Divergence of spire, measured at the varices 80°. 

Habitat. — Unknown, probably some portion of the Pacific or 
Indian Oceans. 

Remarks. — This interesting species of Ranella, which seems 
to have been unknown to, or overlooked by all the writers upon 
this genus, bears much relation to the R. bufonia (Gmel.) Lam., 
but is clearly distinct. The spire is more obtuse, its tubercles 
which are more elevated and pointed, are remarkable for their hor- 
izontal compression, and for their frequent distortion ; its surface 
is not pitted or punctured as in the R. bufonia, while the wrinkles 
which cross the shell are much less developed and of quite a differ- 
ent character from those of that species. The R. margaritala 
Deshayes, also approaches our species in some respects, but differs 
decidedly in the character of its tubercles, and in its surface which 
is throughout finely granulated. It is moreover of a much darker 

168 Description of some New Species of Shells. 

Cardium setosum. Plate XI. fig. 1, a. h. c. — My Cabinet. Cab- 
inets of Dr. J. C. Jay, and C. M. Whcatley. 

C. testa cordata, rotundato-ovata, tumida, subequilaterali, albido- 
lutescente, umhonibus albidis ; costis quadraginta planulatis, se- 
tigeris ; marginibus dentatis : intus Candida. 

Shell cordate, nearly equilateral ; a little obliquely rounded 
ovate, somewhat tumid ; anterior* side shortest, beaks prominent, 
inflected and nearly in contact; in front of them is a rather narrow 
ovate depression. On each valve are about 40 flattened radiating 
ribs, which are twice as wide as the intervening furrows. The 
edges of these ribs are very minutely denticulate, and in young in- 
dividuals the denticulations of adjacent ribs approximate so closely 
as to give the intervening furrow a punctate apjoearance; upon the 
central line of each rib, there is a series of small semi-tubular 
spines or scales, which when perfect terminate in blackish bristles ; 
these are more strongly developed on the posterior margin than 
elsewhere. The ribs which cross the anterior lunular depression 
are not bristly, but tubercular. Color yellowish white, becoming 
pure white towards the beaks ; the shell is covered with a thin ep- 
idermis of dirty yellow, which becomes thicker and much wrinkled 
inwards the margin, especially upon the posterior end, where its 
color is nearly black. Interior pure white ; grooves answering to 
the ribs without are faintly visible within, and the edges are strong- 
ly notched : length, 2.7o inches, height. 2.75 inches, breadth, 2.1 

Habitat, Seas of China. 

Remarks. — This fine shell cannot be referred to any of the 
species figured and described in Reeve's monograph of this genus, 
whence I infer il to be Dew. The numberof its ribs, taken in con- 
nection with their peculiarly bristly character, will distinguish it from 
the C. asiatiewn, C. multispinosum, and other muricated Bpecie . 

* I use the terms antt rior ai d posterior in the sense generally adopted by 
modern aatho the reverse of that employed bj Lama 

Description of new srEcres of Shells, by John C. Jay, JM. D. 
Read February 1, 1S46. 

BuLiMt's iNFUNDiBVLironMis. Plate X. fig-. 7, a. b. 

Bui. testa conica, tenui, grisea, longitudinaliter striata, umbilico 
magno, iufundibuliformi ; spini conica, elongata ; apice acuto ; an- 
fractibus septem subplauis j BUtura profunda; apcrturo, ovuli, al- 
bida ; labro acuto. 

Shell conical, thin, gray, longitudinally striated, umbilicus very 
large, and funnel-shaped ; spire conical and elongated ; apex acute ; 
whorls seven and somewhat flattened, sutures profound ; aperture 
oval, rather compressed, whitish ; lip acute : length, 1-2 inch, 
breadth, 5-16 inch. 

Habitat. Interior of Bolivia. 

Conis Cailliaudii. Plate X. fig. 8, a. b. 

Con. testa oblongo-turbinati, subfusiformi ; fused, filis tenuis- 
simis cincta ; spira turrito-exserta ; apice valde elato ; labro tenui, 
acuto, arcuato, juxta spirant emarginato ; apertura fauce fusca. 

Shell oblong turbinated, somewhat fusiform, brown, encircled 
with a number of very fine thread-like lines ; spire exserted in the 
form of a turret, apex very elevated ; lip thin, sharp, arched, emar- 
ginated next the spire, aperture brown with a white blotch: length, 
1 5-S inch, breadth, 4-S inch. 


The remarkable feature of this shell is the spirt", which is ex- 
actly half its length, the whorls very prominent and nine in num- 

I am indebted to Mons. F. Cailliaud of Nantes, for this rare 
Cone, and have taken tho liberty to dedicate it to him. 

170 Description of some New Species of Shells. 

I embrace this opportunity to make several corrections in the 
last Edition of the Catalogue of my Cabinet. 

Plate I, fig. 1. Bulimus cinctus, Nobis, is Bulimus Favannii, 
Lam. Delessert, plate 27, fig. 8. 
Habitat, St. Augustine Bay, Madagascar. 
" " fiS' %> 3. Turbo rotelliformis, nobis, is Trochiscus Nor- 

risii, Sowerby Becchey Zool. plate 34, fig. 14. 
" " fig. 4. Ampullaria Brownii, nobis, is A. crassa, Swains. 

" " fig. 5. Ampullaria Storeria, nobis, is A. naticoides, D'- 

" " fig. 6, 7. Helix Planorbis, nobis, is H. monilis, Brod, 

Zool. P., 1832. 
" " fig. 8, 9. Physa scalaris, nobis, see Haldeman's Mono- 
graph, page 34, plate 4, fig. 9. 
" " fig. 10, 11. Lymnea gracilis, nobis, see Hald. Mon. page 
50, plate 13, fig. 21. 
Plate 6, fig. 1. Bulimus ustulatus, nobis, is a variety of Bui. 

chrysalidiformis, Sowb. Zool. Proc. 
Plate 7, fig. 1. Paludina tristis, nobis, is P. olivacea, Sowb. 
" " fig. 2, 3. Conus rhododendron, Couthouy, is Conus 

Adamsoni, Gray. 
" " fig. 4, 5. Cyclostoma cumingii, Sowb. is C. gigantea, 
Plate 10, fig. 1, 2. Voluta armata? Lam. var. is V. Miltoni, 


Through an oversight the following errata have occurred : 
In page 1 1 2 to 15G, for Tab. I., read Tab. VII., for Tab. II.. 
read Tab. YTIL, and for Plato 111., read Plate IX., wherever oc- 

s Lye .Vat Mrs t Vol 7V. 

Kg. / 





Fig J 


Fig 6 



l,l/i of k W. Sodium Mir Ytrk 

Vat Hist Vol. IV 

\TB ViJl 


Gpl \ 


c. Ma. Hist. Vol. IV. 




/.///. »/ o g 11 Eitdicolt 

Fig 6 

/■;„ 6 b 



Fig 6 


r f 

Fig ', 

Fig ,'i 

Fit, 2 

■ ;, 

/■•/./ 6 

Fro I 


'■'"> »< "4 4 ' ■ 

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>■ ff- Endicatt 









Professor of Anatomy in the Medical College of the State of Soutli Carolina; Member of the Royal 

Medical Society of Edinburg ; Corresponding Member of the Academy of Natural Sciences 

of Philadelphia; of the Massachusetts Medical Society; of the American Academy 

of Aits and Sciences, Ronton; of the New- York and Baltimore Lyceums 

of Natural History, and of the Boston Natural History Society. 




The Southern Ichthyology will be published in Philadelphia by J. II. Richard, 
in quarto numbers, every two months, and will embrace full descriptions of the or- 
iiation, habits, and loeahties of me Fishes inhabiting the waters of South Caro- 
lina, ( reorgia and Florida. 

Tl UIB — "" Ilar i" r ttumber. The work, it is expected, will be completed 

in two or three years: 




Tol. IV. 

AUGUST, 1846. 

Nos. 6, 7. 









No. 139 BROADWAY. 


Pbinted by John R.Ai'Gown, No. 128 Fulton-Stbeet, N. Y. 

Description of a New Species op Anser, by George N. 
Lawrence. Read March lGth, 184G. 



Specific character. — A large white patch on the middle of 
the neck in front, and extending on the sides; belly brownish 
black ; bill higher than broad at the base. 

Bill black, legs and toes black tinged with flesh color, iris dark 
hazel; head black, tinged with brownish rufons adjoining the bill, 
with a dirty white line under the eye; neck and fore part of the 
breast black; a large white patch on the centre of the neck inter- 
mixed with black, except at the lower part, where it forms a dis- 
tinct band of pure white, it is nearly two inches in width, round- 
ing on each side of the neck and almost meeting behind ; belly 
brownish black, sides brownish ash margined with white ; back 
dark brown, each feather margined with a lighter shade; rump- 
feathers black ; axillars and lower wing-coverts greyish black ; t; 
black, consisting of sixteen feather* ; upper and lower tail-covert.- 
white ; wings black, extending half an inch beyond the tail; sec- 
ond primary one line longer than the first ; third half an inch 
shorter ; vent while. 

Length 22£ inches; alar extent 44; bill a little higher than 
broad, measures along the ridge 1 T } F inches; from '_ r ;ip lg; 
lower mandible li ; tarsus 2 • : middle toe 2; outer l\; inner \l : 
weight 3 pom. 

I have taken the above description and figure from an adnlt 
female procured at E?g Harbor, N. X, in January. Since then 
two others have been obtained ;it the s^me place, one of which I 
have in my possession. On dissection it proves to be a male. It 
agrees in markings with the female, but is evidently a younger 

172 New Species of Anscr. 

bird, being somewhat lighter in the color of its plumage. From 

*his I infer they become darker by age. It is a little larger than 

*.he female, the bill being also stouter, measuring I in. high at the 

base. When on a shooting excursion some years since, at Egg 

Harbor, I noticed a bird flying at some distance from us, which 

our gunner said was a Black Brant. This was the first intimation 

I had of such a bird. Upon further inquiry of him, he informed 

me he had seen them occasionally, but they were not common. I 

bave learned from Mr. Philip Brasher, who has passed much time 

it that place, that speaking to the gunners about them, they said 

hey were well known there by the name of Black Brant, and one 

)f them mentioned that he once saw a flock of five or six together. 

From these facts it appears to be known to gunners, but has 

retofore escaped the notice of ornithologists. With all my in- 

juiries I have not been able to procure any before this winter. T 

think it a good and well-marked species. 

A Descriptive Catalogue of the Geodephagous Coleop- 
tera inhabiting the United States east of the Rochj Moun- 
tains. By John L. Le Conte. Read May 25, 184G. 

The great number of works necessary in prosecuting even the 
most simple inquiry in natural history, is often felt to be a very 
serious inconvenience. Many, no doubt, are deterred from entering 
upon the study of certain departments of science by the utter im- 
possibility of ever acquiring even a moderate knowledge of the 
proposed subject, without the aid of a voluminous and expensive 
library. Tins inconvenience is most sensibly felt by the student 
who turns his attention to the insects of the United States : so scat- 
tered, indeed, are the descriptions to be examined, that there is 
scarcely a scientific society in Europe, whose transactions do not 
contain some of our native species. It is to be regretted that col- 
lectors have fallen into the practice of distributing large numbers 
of apparently the same species, without first submitting them to 
close inspection. So nearly allied are many species, in every part 
of the globe, that even with the most accurate descriptions, it re- 
quires much labor to identify them. An example of this may be 
found in the genus Brachinus, of which this synopsis contains a 
monograph. The characters are quite evident on comparing the 
species together, but being mostly dependent on minute differ- 
ences in form, can scarcely be exprossed in a description. It has 
been my custom, in such cases, to lay particular stress on these 
slight differences, by making the description in some degree com- 
parative. A reference from one species to another is, I am aware, 
not looked upon with a favorable eye, as it presupposes that the 
collection of the student is at least tolerably extensive ; for the 
most nearly allied S2>ecies are frequently inhabitants of very different 
regions. Still there are cases in which it was considered advis- 
able to make such a reference, in order to avoid an absolute de- 
scription, which would be so long and tedious as to he nearly use- 
less. Hoping that some more attentive and industrious observer 
may have better success in seizing on the specific characters of 

174 Catalogue of the Gcodepliagous Colcoptera. 

our Brachini, and in determining which forms are really distinct, 
and which are varieties, I shall remain content with having pointed 
out, in an exceedingly imperfect manner, those which appeared to 
me to be at least as deserving of distinct names, as those described 
by preceding authors. It is possible that farther observation may 
tend to diminish this overgrown genus, by showing that the species 
are subject to certain variations in form, such as is pointed out 
under the genus Galerita. The relation between the latter and 
Brachinus appears not to be sufficiently insisted on by authors ; 
and I imagine that the similarity of appearance produced by form 
and color will be found connected with a very near agreement of 
structure. In the cabinet of Dr. Zimmermann, of South Carolina, 
there is a species of Galerita which possessed the power of excret- 
ing a highly volatile and acrid fluid in the same manner as a Bra- 

It has been a natural consequence of the exceedingly discursive 
manner in which our native species have been published, that 
many, which were described years ago, have lately made their ap- 
pearance under new names. The following catalogue is intended 
to remedy in part this difficulty, although, from the limited num- 
ber of works which have been accessible to the author, it is not, 
perhaps, as complete as it might have been. Still, however, in the 
synonymy contained in it, there are points of interest, and to render 
it eventually a complete synopsis of the Adephaga of our republic, 
the author would invite the co-operation of other entomologists, 
who no doubt have it in their power greatly to extend and improve 
the present attempt. Thus far, all the species mentioned are in 
the possession of the author, who will gladly avail himself of any 
opportunity of referring to, or describing any species which has 
not as yet fallen under bis notice. 

The writer, feeling that the distinguished liberality manifested 
towards him by Messrs. Mei sheimer, D. Zieoler, and S. S.Hal- 
DEMAN, calls for something more than a verbal acknowledgement, 
takes the present opportunity of returning thanks for the prompti- 
tude with which they have In every instance sacrificed even unique 
specimens, which were wanting to complete his cabinet. 


Fam. 1. CICINDELID.E. Leach. 

MEGACEPHALA. Latreille. 

1 Carolina. Fabr. Syst. Eleuth. Habitat in provinciis aus- 

2. Virginica. Fabr. ibid. Habitat cum priore, et ad fluraen 

Arkansas prope montes. 


1. linipunctata. Fabr. Syst. Eleutb; Say Trans. Am- 

Phil. Soc. N. S., vol. I, pi. xiii. 
« immaculata. Habitat in provinciis australibus, et occi- 

2. p u 1 C h r a . Say Journal Ac. Nat. Sc. of Philad., Vol. III. 

Tab. XIII. fig. 1. 
a. macula humerali obsoleta. 

/3 Elytris immaculatis. Habitat prope fluvii Arkansas sca- 

S. modesta. 

A viridis maculis albis. C. r U g i f I* O n S Dej. Sp. Gen. 

denticulata. Hentz. Trans. 
Am. Phil. Soc. N. S., Vol. Ill, pi. ii. 
x Elytris macula superiore obsoleta. 
/S Elytris concoloribus. C. Ullicolor Dej. Sp. Gen. 
B Niger, maculis albis. C. obscura SayTrans.Am.Phil. 

Soc. loc. cit. 

modesta Pal. De Beauv- 
Dej. Sp. Gen. 

176 Catalogue of the GeodepJiagous Coleoptera. 

« et /3 ut supra. Habitat in locis varus in provinciis orien- 
talibus, mediis et australibus. 

4. SCUtellaris. Say Journ. Ac. Nat. Sc. of Philad., Vol. III. 

Tab. XIII. fig. 2. 
a. macula media margin ali lunulaque terminali albis. Hab- 
itat ad furcationem fluminis Platte. 

5. SOX -guttata. Fabr. Syst. Eleuth: Say Trans. Am. Phil 

Soc. N. S., Vol. I. pi. xiii. 
« maculis duabus mediis elytralibus connexis fasciam flex- 

uosam formantibus. 
/3 maculis duabus mediis distinctis. 
y macula media interiore obsoleta. 
i immaculata. a. viridis. 

b. ccerulea. C. violacca- Fabr. Syst. 

Eleuth. Habitat in provinciis omnibus communius. 
G. splcndida. Hentz. Trans. Am. Phil. Soc. N. S., Vol. Ill 

pi. ii. 
« maculis albis nullis. Habitat in provincis australibus. 

7. Alldubonii. Le Contc, Jour. Bost. Soc. Nat. Hist. Vol. 
V., pi. xviii. 
Species haecce a C. purpureae varietate viridi facile dignosci- 
tur, labro breviore, antice quadrato : thorace angustiore, paulo 
convexiorc lateribus magis rotundatis posticc minus retractis : 
margine elytrorum reflexo angustiore, humeris minus rotunda- 
tis, fasciaque flexuosa breviore. Mas saepissime niger, fcemina 
raiius nigra, et plerumque viridis. 

In exemplis nigris, palpi, antenna?, pedes et abdomen nigra sunt. 
Habitat ad flumina Platte, et Yellowstone 
S. purpurea. Oliv. Ins: Say. Trans. Am. Phil. Soc. loc. 
cit. sup. 
mar ginallS . Fabr. Syst Eleuth. Habitat ubique. 

Hanc speciem margo extimus elytralis, semper cuprascens dig- 
QOBClt. Elytrorum color a cupreo ad viridem transit : fascia 
media Bexuosa BBape obsoleta est, Kemj)er vestigia tamen man 
ent, semperque obliqua sunt. 

Catalogue of the Geodephagous Coleoptera. Ill 

9. limbalis. Klug. Jahrbikher der Entomologie. Erster 


Variat purpurea vel cuprea ; macula quoque saepe fere obsole- 
ta; thorax quam in praecedente paulo convexior; margo elytro- 
rum extimus reflexus, capitis pars postica, thoracisque depressa, 
semper coeruleo-virides . fascia flexuosa media exterius semper 
marginem perpendiculariter ferit. 

Habitat in Orange Co., Novi Eboraci. 

10. *aiflOena. Tab. XIII. fig. 3. Cuprea; thorace anticc etpos- 

ticc, elytrorumque margine viridi : elytris macula hu- 
mer -ali lateralique ad quadrantcm, fascia media subfiex- 
uosa, et lunula apicali albis. Exemplum unicum 
prope provincial Missouri terminum occidentalem 

Palpi nigri: caput et thorax aureo-cuprea : labrum breve, 
tridentatum, album ; thorax antice quam in praecedentibus dua- 
bus minus dilatatus, lateribus minus rotundatus, partibus de- 
pressis aureo-viridibus. Scutellum aureo-viride. Elytra magis 
parallela, cuprea ; sutura et margine viridibus ; vitta ejusdum 
coloris marginem adjungit, sicut in praecedentibus ; macula par- 
va humerali, secunda marginali inter humerum et fasciam me- 
diam perpendiculariter orientem, minus quam in C. limbali fiex- 
uosam; lunulaque terminali margine viridi divisa, albis. Sub- 
tus viridis, pilis sparsis albis: pedes viridi-aurei. 

11.* spreta. Obscure nigro-amea subviridescens, thorace lateribus 
vix rotundato, postice leviter retracto ; elytris minus 
convcxis subparallclis, viridi-marginatis, gutta ad 
quadrantem, fascia media angulato-flexuosa, lunula- 
que terminali intcrrupta ochroleucis, subtus riridi- 
cenea. Habitat ad Eastport, in provincia Maine; 
museo Dom. Harris. Tab. XIII. fig. 7. 
Obscure nigro-amea, subviridescens, subtus viridi-aenea. An- 
tenna et palpi nigri. Mandibular nigrae macula basali albida. 
Labrum omnino sicut in C. purpurea. Caput ad latera rugose 

178 Catalogue of the Geodephagous Coleoptera. 

striatum, medio et postice subtiliter granulatum, antice obso- 
lete transverse rugosum. Thorax latitudine summa non bre- 
vior, antice et postice truncatus, lateribus vix rotund atus, pos- 
tice leviter retractus, basi coleopteris vix duplo angustior, antice 
et postice profunde transverse impressus, linea longitudinali 
tenui, disco modice convexus, subtiliter granulatus. Elytra 
tborace fere sesqui latiora subparallela humeris leviter obtusis, 
minus rotundatis ; minus convexa; margine lato, coeruleo-viridi 
obscuro, margineque tenuissimo reflexo, obscure viridi-aureo ; 
gutta parva rotundata submarginali ad quadrantem ; fascia me- 
dia perpendiculariter oriente, dein obtuse angulata, incurvata- 
que; lunulaque apicali margine viridi divisa, guttam rotundatam 
maculamque terminalem formante, ocliroleucis. 

Ons. — Prseccdentibus quatuor similis. A C. Audubonii, tho- 
race minus convexo, labro longiore, fasciaque elytrali perpen- 
diculariter oriente distincta. A C. purpurea et limbali, tborace 
angustiore, postice multo minus retracto dignoscitur. 

12. patrucla. Dej. Sp. Gen. Gould. Bost. Jour. Nat. Hist. 

Vol. 1, pi. iii. 
a. Olivacea, maculis solitis. 
|S Obscure nigra, maculis solitis. C. COIlSentanCd. 

Dej. Sp. Gen. Habitat apud montes provinciarum 
orientalium, et mediarum. 

13. longilabris. Say. Long's Exped. to the Sources of the 

St. Peter's River, Vol. II. 
albilobriS' Kirby- Richardson. Fauna Bor. Americana., 
Vol. IV. pi. I. Variat obscure asnea; maculis sacpe 
obsoletis. Habitat Mackinaw insulam, et ad Lacum 

14. obsolcta. Say. Journ. Ac. Nat. Sc. of Philad. Vol. III. 

Tab. XIII, fig. 4. 

a, Gutta alba elytrali obsolcta. 

/9 Seiiceo-viridis ; immaculata. Habitat prope (lumen Ar- 
kansas, ad montes : /3. 1 millia passuum infra Bent's 
Fort inventa. 

Catalogue of the Geodephagous Coleoptera. 179 

15. Vulgaris. Say. Trans. Am. Phil.Soc.N. S.Vol. I. pi. xiii. 
obliquata. Dej. Sp. Gen. 

a Maculis obsoletis. Habitat ad flumen Ohio. 

/3 Viridis, maculis solitis. Habitat in territorio Oregonensi. 
Species haecce ubique communius invenitur. 111. Dom. Kirby 
(Richardson Fauna Bor. Am.) C. obliquatam (Dej.) et C. vul- 
garem (Sayi) pro diversis habet : sed characteres datag obscu- 
rae, et variabiles videntur. 

16. fulgida. Say. Journ. Ac. Nat. Soc. of Philad., Vol. III. 

Tab. XIII, fig. 5. 
Habitat prope Platte, supra fui cationem. 

17. * veniista. Tab. XIII, fig. 6. Rubro-cuprea, thorace fulgi- 

do ; ehjtris margin?, lunula humerali obli qua, fascia 
refracta media, lunulaque tcrminali late albis. Ha- 
bitat apud flumen Platte. 
Supra rubro-cuprea, thorace fulgidiore, impressionibus viridi 
micantibus, subtus viridi-cyanea, hirsuta. Palpi virides. Man- 
dibular nigrae, macula magna basali alba. Labrum magnum 
porrectum, antice exterius sinuatum, album, dentibus tribus mi- 
nutis medianis. Caput viridi et cupreo-micans : thorax lateri- 
bus paulo rotundatus, impressionibus transversis profundis, linea 
longitudinali tenui. Elytra subparallela, margine laterali, lunula 
humerali obliqua, exadversum fasciam mediam refractum latam 
desinente ; fascia ad extremitatem dilatata est, et exadversum 
lunulam apicalem desinit ; omnibus late albis. Epipleura viri- 
des ; elytrorum apex serrata. 

Species haecce a C. formosa (Sayi,) valde referente, facile dig- 
noscitur ; labro majore; thorace paulo angustiore; lunula hu- 
merali longiore obliqua, fasciaque media subito refracta, angu- 
lum fere rectum formante ; elytris quoque apice serratis. 

18. generosa. Dej. Sp. Gen.; Gould. Bost. Journ. Nat. Hist. 

Vol. II. pi. iii. 
Fascia media in hac specie, refracta, sed quam in praece- 
dente brevior ; lunula humeralis brevis est; et elytra apice 

180 Catalogue of the Gerdcphagous Coleoptera. 

simplicia : colore obscuro semper gaudet. Habitat in locis 
diversis provinciarum mediarum : exempla pauca prope 
fluminis Mississippi scaturigines inveni. 

19. formosa. Say. Am. Entomology. Vol. I. pi. 18 et loc. 

cit. sup. 
Variat rubro-cuprea vel purpurea ; lunula humeralis val- 
de abbreviata, et non obliqua ; fascia media flexuosa, non 
refracta : errore 111. Com. Dejean elytra apice serrata 
dicit. Habitat prope flumina Platte, et Arkansas. 

20. repanda. Dej. Sp. Gen. 

llirticollis. Say. Journ. Ac. Nat. Soc. of Philad. Vol. I : 
Gould, loc. cit. sup. Species haecce ubique redundat. 

31. hirticollis. Say. Trans. Am. Phil. Soc. N. S. Vol. I. pi. 

albohirta. Dej. Sp. Gen: Gould Bost. Journ. Nat. Hist. 

Vol. II. pi. iii. 

In locis maritimis arenosis omnibus ; prope lacus Ontario 

et Superiorem habitat ; ad flumina Platte et Arkansas 

prope montes rarius invenitur. Ad infinitum variat, macu- 

lis turn obsoletis, turn conspicuis. 

22. variegata. Dej. Sp. Gen. 
mar gin at at Fabr. Syst. Eleuth. 
marginata. Say. Trans. Am. Phil. Soc. N. S. Vol. I. pi. 

Habitat in locis diversis ad maris oras. 

23. bland a. Dej. Sp. Gen. 

a. Dejeanio descripta : elytris fusco-olivaceis, maculis solitis 
angustis. Habitat ad flumina Connecticut, Roanoke, 
et St. Croix, in territorio Wisconsin. 

/3 Elytris cupreo-fulgidis, maculis latioribus. Flumen Ar- 
kansas prope montes. 

7 Fusca : maculis latissimis ita ut elytra alba videntur, 
lineis paucis fuscis notata. Ad fluvium Canootchee, 

Catalogue of the Geodephagous Coleoptera. 181 

Georgiae. Elytra in fceminis apice profunde sinuata, 
fere dentata. 

24. dorsalis. Say. Trans. Am. Phil. Soc. N. S. Vol. I. pi. xiii. 
signata. Dej. Sp. Gen. 

» Elytra immaculata. 

Habitat ad maris oras : nomen C. dorsalis. ab 111. DD. 
Klug etDejean speciei alterae impositum, praeoccupatum et 
ideo mutandum est. 

25. lepida. Dej. Sp. Gen. 

Tab. XIII. fig. 8. 
Habitat prope urbem Trenton Novae Caesareae ; et ad 
maris oras insulae Longae Noveboraci. Elytra fceminarum 
profunde sinuata. 

26. *nigrocoerulea. Tab. XIV, fig. 9. Nigro-subpurpurea : 

thorace crassiusculo, subrotundato ; elytris linea im- 

pressionum coerulearum juxta suturam. Habitat ad 

flumen Arkansas. 

Nigra, obscura ; subpurpureo-micans. Labrum album, breve, 

antice quadratum, medio paulo porrectum, dentibus tribus minu- 

tis indistinctis : mandibular nigraa macula basali alba : palpi 

uigro-viridescentes. Caput minute granulatum, rugis paucis 

prope oculos minus protrusos. Thorax latitudine caput aequans ; 

convexior, lateribus rotundatis, laevis, rugulis paucis indistinctis 

versus medium : impressionibus transversis bene notatis, linea 

longitudinali angusta. Elytra sericeo-micantia, punctata: par- 

tibus prope scutellum elevatis, laevibus, tborace quadrante lati- 

ora ; elongatiora, postice, regulariter rotundata ; impressionibus 

nonnullis parum profundis ; lineaque punctorum variolosorum 

cceruleorum prope suturam sicut in C. punctulata. 

27. duodecim-guttata. Dej. Sp. Gen. 

proteilS. Kirby Richardson's Faun. Bor. Am. Vol. IV. pl.l. 
In provinciis Atlanticis, ad Mississippi scaturigines, et prope 
Rocky Mts. habitat. 

28. trifasciata. Fabr. Syst. Eleuth. 

182 Catalogue of the GeodepJiagous Goleoptcra. 

tortuosa. Dej. Sp. Gen. 

Tab. XIV, fig. 10. 
Habitat in provinciis australibus in orizaceis. 

29. pilllCtulata. Fabr. Syst. Eleutb : Say. Trans. Am. Phil. 

Soc. N. S. Vol. I. pi. xiii. 
* nigra, maculis plus minusve conspicuis. Habitat ubique. 
/3 major, sericco-viridis. C.tnicanS. Fabr. Syst. Eleuth. 

Habitat prope Rocky Mts. 

30. Hentzii. Dej. Sp. Gen. 
haemorrlioidalis. Hentz. Trans. Am. Phil. Soc.N. S. 

Vol. III. pi. ii : Gould, Post. Journ. Nat. Hist. Vol. 
II. pi. iii. 
Habitat prope Boston, provinciae Massachusetts. Nomen 
luemorrhoidalis ante annum 1S25, Wiedemanno speciei al- 
terae datum : Dejeanianum idco retinendum est. 

31. marginipennis. Dej. Sp. Gen. 

Tab. XIV, fig. 11. 
Species hnec pulchra prope urbem Harrisburg, Pennsylvania?, 
mensibus Julio et Augusto, ad fluminis ripas inventa. 

32. * cine tipennis . Tab. XI V, fig. 12.' Nigra, vel obscure 

olivacca : thorace latiore ; elytris marginc lato, 2>os- 
tice subdilatato, ramo humerali, fasciaquc media in- 
fra truth ntc tenuibus, albis, subtvs nigra, vel viridis. 
Habitat apud Rocky Mountains. 
Sub-cylindrica, nigra, vel obscure olivacca, subtus viridis. La- 
7>rum album, longitudine plus duplo latior, dentibus tribus parvis 
antice instruct um ; angulis anticis rcctis : palpt pallidi, articulo 
ultimo nigro : antennae aeratse. Thorax latiusculus, lateribus 
rotundatus; impressionibus transversis distinctis, partibus vicinis 
(lcpressis : subtiliter granulatus •: lateribus albo-pilosis. Elytra 
apice spina minutissima instructs punctis parvis variolosfe ad- 
Bpersa (in varietate olivacca coM-ulco-micantibus) : parallela, 
subelongata, thorace paulo latiora; margine toto lato poBtice 
aubdilatato albo, ramo oblicjuo descendente, altcroquc medio, i|iii 

Catalogue of the Geodephagous Coleoptera. 183 

subito inflexus oblique deorsum tendit, et ad dodrantem desinit, 
tenuibus. Pedes virides, epiplcuraz brunneae margine extimo viri- 
di, postice abbreviate In varietate nigra, ubi color viridis est, 
niger evadit : in aliis margo albus subinterruptus est. 

33. piisilla. Say. Trans. Am. Phil. Soc. N. S. Vol. I, pi. xiii. 

cc macula humeralis cessat. 
/3 macula media deest. 

y immaculata. Habitat ad flumen Platte, supra furcatio- 

34. abdominal is. Fabr. Syst. Eleuth. 

Tab. XIV, fig. 13. 
Habitat in pinetis, locis arenosis nigris. 

35. * C e 1 e r i p e S . Tab. XIV, fig. 14. Nigro-suhnea, sub-apte- 

ra : capite magno, oculis valdc exstantibus ; thorace 
angusto, cylindrico ; elytris subpilosis, margine pos- 
tico interrupto, guttisque duabus parvis albis : sutu- 
ra acuminata. Habitat ad fluminis Kansas Republi- 
can Fork. 
Niarro-cenea obscura, alis rudimentalibus : antennce elongatae : 
palpi pallidi, articulo ultimo viridi-aureo, labrum album mag- 
num, convexum, utrinque antice oblique decisum dein perpen- 
diculare : dentibus tribus minutissimis : caput magnum, medio 
levissime granulatum ad latera rugose striatum, oculis valde ex- 
stantibus. Thorax subcylindricus, elongatus, antice paulo latior. 
impressionibus transversis distinctis, linea longitudinali nulla ; 
rugosus, ad latera subpilosus, maculis duabus oblongis, granulo- 
sis, obscurioribus. Elytra basi angusta, ad dodrantem ampliata, 
dein rotundata, (sutura valde producta, acuminata); crebre punc- 
tata, pilis albis sparsis ; subsenea, obscuro-variegata, gutta parva 
ad quadramem, altera paulo pone medium, prope suturain, mar- 
gineque postico, ad dodrantem interrupto, albis. Subtus viridiB 
pectus dense albopilosum, pedes elongati, cuprascentes. 

184 Catalogue of the Geodephagous Colcoptera. 


Ambly cheila, Say.cylindriformis. Say. Joum. Ac. 

Ow f/S, Esch. Nat. Sc. Vol. III. Habitat ad Rocky 

Mountains basin. 

Cicindela decemnotata. Say. Trans. Am. Phil. Soc. 

N. S. Vol. I ; Am. Ent. Vol. I, pi. 
18, icon nequam. Habitat ad ripas 
fluminis Missouri. 

limbata. Say. Journ. Ac. Nat. Sc, Vol. III. 
Habitat ad flumcn Platte. 

Saillcyi. Guer. Revue Zool. Oct. 1S40. Hab- 
itat Floridam. 

Vemista. Ferte" ibid. 1841, p. 37. 

gratiosa. Guer. ibid. Habitat cum priore. 

terricola. Say. Long's Expetl. to the Sources 
of the St. Peter's River, Vol. II. 
Habitat in territorio Caurino. 

rilfiventris. Dej. Sp. Gen. Habitat ad 
monies in provinciis australibus. 

C i r C U 111 p i C t a . Ferte Rev. Zool. 1841. Ha- 
bitat in Texas. 

t Ogata. Ferte ibid. Habitat in Texas. 

SGVCra. Ferte ibid. Habitat in Texas. 

Fa>i. II. CARABINE. Loach. 

Sub. Fain J. — Brachinides. — Westwood. 
Brachinidee. — Mel <eay. 

Catalogue of the Geodephagous Coleoptera. 185 

CASNONIA. Latreille. 
1. pennsylvailica. Linne, (Attelabus). Habitat ubique. 


1. dorsalis. Fabr. Syst. Eleuth. Habitat in Georgia, et Mis- 
souri rarius, et NovEboraco rarissime. 


1. janus. Fabr. Syst. Eleuth. 

cyanipennis. Dej. Sp. Gen. 

* bicolor. Drmry. =americ ana. Dej. Sp. Gen. 

/3 COrdicollis. Chaudoir. Bull, de la Soc. Imp. des 

Nat. Moscou. 
7 longicollis. ibid. 
^ dubia. LeConte. Proceed. Ac. Nat. Sc. of Phil. Vol. 

I. Habitat ubique. a et y in prov. mediis, reliqui 

in australibus. 

2. Lecontei. Dej. Sp. Gen. Habitat in prov. australibus. 

Num haec insecta, quae pro varietatibus habeo, revera species 
distinctae sint, dubitandum est. E thoracis forma, et striarum 
elytralium punctatione characteres deducuntur: G. LeContei ta- 
men in thoracis forma aeque variat. Ex examinatione assidua 
speciminum fere centum, in turmas duas distribuantur : turma 
prima pro typo G. Janum habet, formas novem complectit ; 
thoracis forma, extremitate haec G. longicollis (Chaudoir) ilia 
vera G. cordicollis (ejusdem) disposita: elytrorum tamen punc- 
tatione, G. bicolor (Drury,) et G. dubia (LeC.) situs congruentes 
occupant. Quicquid in rebus hisce dubium, collectione aucta 
determinare spero. 

Turma secunda pro typo G. Lecontei habens formas quatuor 
distinctas a thorace deductas includit. Character distinctus qui 
ab omnibus aliis hanc speciem segregat, e pilorum in elytra posi- 
tione oritur : cum insectum in positione quadam tenetur, spa- 

186 Catalogue of the Gcodephagous Colcoptera. 

tium triangulare obscurum in disci medio apparet, dum pars 
reliqua lucem reflectit. 

1. Lecoiltei. Dej. Sp. Gen. Habitat in prov. australibus raris- 


TARUS. Ciair. 

§ 1. Tarsorum anticorum articulus penultimus bifidus. 

1. laticollis. Say. Trans. Am. Phil. Soc. Vol. IV. 

Habitat ad Rocky Mountains. 

2. cribricollis. Dej. Sp. Gen. 

mCLT S%n <lt US. Kirby-Richaxdson. Fauna Boreali Am. 
a. Brunnea, macula humerali brunneo-testacea. Habitat 
cum priore. 

3. VCliator. Dej. Habitat NovEboraci, rarius. 

4. aniCl'icana. Dej. Habitat NovEboraci. 

5. pilosa. Say. Trans. Am. Phil. Soc. N. S. Vol. II. 
j) ubc scens. Dej. Sp. Gen. Habitat ubique. 

a. violaceo micante. 
/3 testacea, 

6. * c I <• ii ;i ii s. Brunneo-picea, elytrorum margine, antennis pecU* 

busque pallidioribus : thorace sparse punctato, corda- 
te, convexo : elytris striatopunctatis, interstitiis serie 
punctorwn. Long.'41 unc lat. "15 unc. Habitat in 
provinciis australibus. 
Brunneo-picea, nitida : antenna el palpi brunnei i caput inter 
oculos Bparse punctatum. Thorax latitudine longitudinera 
eequante, convexus, Bubcordatus, antice profunda emarginatus, 
angulis anticia valde rotundatis ; lateribus rotundatis, basi retrac- 
tis, angulis posticis obtusis, elevatis, dente parvo obtuse bn 

■ icti •: basi incurvo : margine tenui reflexo, prope 

Catalogue of the Gcodephagous Coleoptera. 187 

angulos posticos paulo latiore; impressionibus transversis satis 
distinctis, linea longitudinali tcnui : sparse punctatus, grossius 
ad latera. Elytra brunneo-marginata, margine ad bumerum 
indistincte dilatato ; convexiuscula, basi angusliuscula, humeris 
valde rotundatis, minime exstantibus, usque ad dimidium levi- 
ter ampliata, apice rotuodata, levissimc sinuata, vix truncata : 
striata, striis puuctatis ; interstitiis planis, scrie punctorum no- 
tatis. Subtus et pedes brunuei. Tboracis forma priorem refert. 

7. lieglecta. Punctata, obscure Jerruginea, pubesccns, cap'i!< 

thoraceque n'igro-piccis, elytris grossc crenato-striatis, 
pedibus fcrrugincis. Long. "3 unc. lat. '11 unc. Ha- 
bitat in Pennsylvania, a Dom. Ziegler benevolo data. 
C. nefjlecta. Hald. Proc. Ac. Nat. Sc. Vol. I. 
C. unicolor? Kirby-Richardson F. Bor. Am. Vo 
Habitus C. pilosae, at duplo minor, obscure ferruginea, sparse 
pubescens. Caput majusculum nigro-piceum, ore, antennis, pal- 
pisque ferrugineis ; antice fere lasve, postice sparse punctatum ; 
oculis parvis valde exstantibus. Thorax nigro-piceus, capite 
non longior, et vix latior, leviter cordatus, antice fere truncatus. 
basi leviter rotundato, utrinque valde obliquo, lateribus prope 
basin recurvis, margine angusto reflexo, angulis posticis valde 
obtusis, apice non rotundatis ; disco modice convexus, sparse 
grosse punctatus ; linea longitudinali profundissima, utrinque 
paulo abbreviata, impressionibus transversis indistinctis. Ely- 
tra tborace paulo latiora, latitudine duplo longiora, fere paral- 
lela, apice rotundato-truncata ; anguste striata, striis externe 
grosse ci-enato-punctatis, postice levioribus, intorstitiis punctia 
minutis subseriatim positia ; pedes ferruginei. 

§ 2. Articulus penultimus tarsormn omnium bifidus. 

8. lucid 111 a. Dej. Sp. Gen. Habitat in < reorgia, Pennsylva- 

nia, et NovEboraco ratissime j macula liumerali ob- 
scure testacea in specimina duomibi visa, sed in de- 
scriptione Dejeaniana non apparet. 

1S^ Catalogue of the Gcodephagous Coleoptera. 

9, * a 111 O O II a . Carulco-riridis, nitevs ; tlwracc basi punctato ; 

elytris prqfunde Btriato-punctatis. Long. -375 lat. 

•185. Habitat ad Long's Peak, Rocky Mountains. 
Cceruleo-viridis, metallico-nitens ; antennas nigra?, articulis tri- 
bufl primia subtus macula parva ferruginea: caput ad latera 
leviter rugosum ct punctatum, impressionibus frontalibus obliquis 
brevibus latis. Thorax latitudine longitudinem excedente, con- 
vexus, subcordatus, lateribus rotundatus, basi retractus, mar- 
gine tenui rcflexo postice latiore, angulis posticis leviter elevatis, 
obtusis ; basi ad latera oblique truncato ; impressionibus trans- 
versis, et linea longitudinali profundis; rugulis transversis, disco 
obsoletis, obtectus ; antice punctis paucis ; basi punctatus. Ely- 
tra subconvexa, subparallela, humeris rotundatis, apice recte 
truncata ; striata, striis profundis, punctatis, interstitiis convcxis 
punctis parvis sparsis. Pedes nigri. 

10. • viri d ic Oil i S. Ccertileo-viridis; capitc et thoracc viridi- 

cencis, hoc basi punctato ; elytris levissime striata, ob- 
solete punctatis. Long. '305 unc. lat. *13 unc. Ha- 
bitat cum prio-re. 
Priorem rcfert. Coerulco-viridis : caput viridi-aureum, ad late- 
ra rufosum et punctatum, impressionibus frontalibus longioribus 
acutioribus ; antenna- nigra 1 , articulis tribus ]>rimis ferrugineia 
apice ni'_rris. Thorax fere ut. in priore, minus tamen convexus, 
angulis posticis magis exstantibus ; rugulis obtectus, ad latera 
valde ru^nsus. Elytra antice aiigustiuscula, lmmeria valde ro- 
tundatis, uaque ad medium leviter ampliata, apice recte trunca- 
ta; icnuissime striata, striis levissime punctatis ; interstitiis pla- 
ins, punctis paucis obsoletis, ad latera distinctiuiilms. Pedes 
nigri. C. viridi (Dcj.) ailinis. 
11. purpurea. Say. Trans. Am. Phil. Soc. I'necedentca 
duas valde rcfert. Bed purpurea, et valde depressior : 
thorax ad basin minus retractus, angulis valde obtu- 
sis, impressione basali prolundiorc, viridi-micante, 

Catalogue of the Geodephagous Coleoptera. 189 

Elytra minus punctata sub-parallela, striato-punctata, 
interstitiis omnino planis, obsoletissime punctatis : 
antenna nigrae, articulis tribus primis ferrugineis : 
pedes nigro-caerulei. Habitat cum priore. 

12. S i 11 11 a t a . Say. Trans Am. Phil. Soc. 

pus till at a. Dg]. Sp. Gen. Habitat in provinciis mediis. 

13. 11 111 bat a. Dej. Sp. Gen. Habitat in provinciis australibus. 

a macula humerali cessante. 

14. IUSCata. Dej. Sp. Gen. Priorem refert ; thorace tamen 

longiore basi angustiore, lateribus minus late de- 
presso, angulis posticis minus obtusis, linea longitu* 
dinali leviox-e, antice abbreviata. Habitat in provin- 
ciis australibus. 

15. platicollis. Say. Trans. Am. Phil. Soc. (Lebia.) 
C O Uip I an at a. Dej. Sp. Gen. Habitat ubique. 

a, Thorace ferrmrineo fusco. 

§ 3. Tarsis omnibus filiformibus, 

16. piCeilS. Dej. Sp. Gen. (Dromius). Habitat in provinciis 

borealibus, et ad lacum Superiorem. Palporum ar- 
ticulus ultimus maribus incrassatus, et securiformis 
cum Cymindi convenit. Habitu omnino Dromio 


1. viridipelinis. Say. Trans. Am. Phil. Soc. (Cymindis.) 

m ar gin at a. Dej. Sp." Gen. 

pr as in a. Mels. Cat. Habitat in provinciis australibus. 

2. fill g i (1 a. Dej. Habitat in prov. australibus. 

3. decora. Fabr. Syst. Eleuth. Habitat etiam in provinciis 


4. punctata. Elongata, viridis; capite nigro, thorace, 

pectoribus , et pedlbus ri{fis, genubus nigris : clytris 

190 Catalogue of the Gcodcpliagous Colcoplcra. 

profunde striato-punctatis, intcrstitiis sub-convcxis. 
Long. - 28 lat. -09. Habitat ad flumen Kansas. 
C. decoram valde refert. Minor, angustior, oculis vix promi- 
nentibus ; ante/nice basi ferruginese. Thorax angustior, multo 
convexior, lateribus tenuissime marginatus ; imprcssione trans- 
versa anteriore minus profunda, scd ijiulto magis punctata. Ely- 
tra convexiora, basi angustiora, usque ad dodrantem leviter sin- 
uato-ampliata, profunde striato-punctata, intcrstitiis satis convex- 
is, punctis parvis sparsis, tertio punctis quatuor majoribus. Suh- 
tus sicut in C. decora. 
5. S 111 a r a g d i 11 a . Dej. Sp. Gen. Habitat in provinciis aus- 

AXINOPALPUS. gen. now 
Corpus depressum, subelongatum. 
Thorax latus, subdepressus, postice leviter retractus. 
Palpi maxillares elongatiusculi, tonnes, articulo penultimo obco- 

nico ; ultimo dimidio longiore, versus apiccm des- 

crescente, apicc paulo depresso, fere acuto. 

labiales inflati, crassi, articulo ultimo magno, obconi- 

co, subsecuriformi. 
Antknxx articulo tertio quarto oequante ; compressa?, articulis 

arete connexis ; versus apicem levissime incrassata?. 

Ceteris genus hocce Dromium refert. 

J. biplagiatllS. Dej. Sp. Gen. (Dromius.) Habitat in pro- 
vinciis mediis, et ad Rocky Mountains. 

DROMIUS. Bonclli. 

1. 8 lib S U 1 C a t U S . Dej. Sp. ( ; en. Habitat NovEboraci. 

2. COrdicollis. Nigro-suba new, ikorace valde cordato, tly- 

ir'is subsulcdtis, interstitio tertio punctis duobus. 
Long. -17, lat. "065. Habitat NnvEboraci ; a Dom. 
Jac. Thomson benevole datus. 
D. Bubsulcatutn valde refert: paulo major; caput idem 

Catalogue of the Geodephagous Coleoptera. 191 

Thorax antice latior, paulo minus convexus, postice multo magis 
retractus, cordiformis : linea longitudinali profundioi'e, integra : 
impressione transversa anteriore profunda, angulata ; posteriore 
sicut in D. subsulcato satis distincta. Elytra profunde striato- 
sulcata, striis quam in D. subsulcato paulo latioribus ; intersti- 
tiis angustis, valde convexis, tertio punctis duobus. 
}. 1 a t e 11 S . Niger : elytris subceneis, obsolete sulcatis. Long. 
•125, lat. - 055. Habitat ad Mississippi scaturigines. 
D. subsulcatum refert. Sed caput et thorax omnino niger ; 
elytra subaenea, rubro-irrorata. Impressionibus frontalibus bre- 
vioiibus, profundioribus : thorax latior, multo minus convexus, 
postice minus retractus : impressionibus transversis distinctis, 
linea longitudinali medio profunda, utrinque paulo abbreviata. 
Elytra minus profunde striata, striis fere indistinctis. 
. americanus. Dej. Sp. Gen. Habitat NovEboraci, et 

ad Lacum Superiorem. 
. * angUStUS. Niger, nitidus, elongatus, thoracc lato, sub- 
quadrato, postice angustiore, elytris parallelis, obsole- 
tissime striatis ; abdomine longiore. Long. "135, lat. 
•015. Habitat ad Rocky Mountains. 
D. americanum refert, sed multo loncnor et an<mstior. Niger 
nitidus, elongatus : caput impressionibus obsoletis. Thorax sub- 
quadratus, postice angustior, lateribus antice valde rotundatis, 
quam in D. americano paulo convexior et laevior : impressioni- 
bus transversis vix distinctis, linea longitudinali levissime im- 
pressa, utrinque abbreviata : angulis posticis obtusioribus, fove- 
aque basali quam in D. americano profundiore. Elytra paral- 
lela, levissime striata, striis antice omnino obliteratis : abdomen 
quam in speciebus alteris longius. 

t i m i (1 U S . Haldeman. Proceed. Ac. Nat. Sc. of Phila. 
Vol. I. Habitat in provinciis anstralibus. 

192 Catalogue of the Geodcp7iagoi/s Coleoptera. 

2. 3 HI aildllS. Newman. Ent. Mag. Vol. V. 

var. vitatUS. LeConte. Proceed. Ac. Nat. Sc. Ha- 
bitat in Floiida. 

3. B O nf i Is i i . Dej. Sp. Gen. Hope Col. Man. Vol. II. pi. 1. 

Habitat in Pennsylvania rarissime, a Dom. Ziegler 
datus. A. Plocb. timido differt thorace breviore, an- 
tice minus angnstato scd magis rotundato, elytris 
angustioribus, fere parallelis, postice vix dilatatis. 
paulo minus tnmcatis, colore necnon pallide ferru- 
gineo, (nam P. timidus nigro-piceus est). 

LEBIA. Latreille. 

§ 1 . Thorace latitudine brevior, postice non retractus vel vix 
retractus, margine lato depresso. 

1. * C O 11 C i II 11 cl . Rufa, punctata ; elytris cyancis, anticc late 

rufo marg'niatis ; abdomine nigro; tibiis, antennis- 

qucfuscis. Long. "31, lat. '155. Habitat ad Lacum 


Rufa; caput obscurius, dense punctatum ; antennae et palpi 

brunnei. Thorax punctatus anticc vix emarginatus, angulis an- 

ticis obtnsis, lateribns rotundatis, depressis, angulis pdBticia rec- 

tis, impressione transversa anteriore acnte angulata, posteriore 

recta, linea longitudinali Lnconspicua. Scutellum utrinque im- 

pressum. "Elytra cyanea, nitidissima, macula magna basalirufa, 

quadrantem occupante, qua' ad suturam colore cyaneo extenso 

propemodum in duas dividitur partes leviter striato-punctata! ; 

interstitiis sparse punctatis, tertio punclis tribus majoribus. 

Subtus punctata, abdomen nigrum, tibia tarsique brunnei. 

2. grand is. Hentz. Trans. Am. Phil. Soc. Habitat in pro- 

vinciis australibus. 
tricolor. Say. Am. Phil. Sue. Habitat NovEboraci ra- 
rius, el ad Lacum Superiorem. 

Catalogue of the Geodephagous Coleoptera. 193 

4. *pleuritica. Tlufa ; elytris cyaneis, vcl viridi-cyaneis, 

striatis ; epipleuris rufis, abdominc nigro. Long. "28, 
lat. -12. Habitat ad Lacum Superiorem. 

Rufa; caput triangulare, leviter rugosum, pone oculos valde 
constrictum, impressionibus frontalibus distinctis, antice fovea 
parva notatis ; foveaque altera ad oculi margin em ; antenna, arti- 
culis tribus primis nitidis, reliquis paulo obscurioribus. Thorax 
rugosus, antice vix emarginatus, lateribus valde rotundatis, late 
depressis, angulis posticis obtusis : impressione transversa ante- 
riore obtuse angulata ; posteriore profundiuscula subrecta; linea 
longitudinali capillari. Scutellum parvum rufum. Elytra cyan- 
ea, vel viridi-cyanea, distincte striata, stria tertia punctis duobus 
impressis ; margine externo tenuissimo, epipleurisque rufo tes- 
taceis. Abdomen nigrum, indistincte rugulosum. 

Striae elytrales quam in L. atriventri profundiores sunt, sed 
non sicut in L. tricolori excavatae. 

5. atriventris. Say. Trans. Am. Phil. Soc. Habitat in 

provinciis mediis et occidentalibus. 

6. viridipennis. Dej. Sp. Gen. 

b or e a . Hentz. Trans. Am. Phil. Soc. Habitat cum priore. 

7. *f lircata. Rufa; elytris trivittatis, vitta media, sutur all, 

communi, antice fur cata : pedibus nigris, femoribus 
subtus flavescentibtw. Long. -30, lat. -125. Habitat 
ad flumen Platte, et ad Lacum Superiorem. 
Rufa ; caput antice rugulis indistinctis notatum ; foveaque 
parva prope antennarum originem ; palpi et oculi nigri ; anten- 
na articulo primo rufo; secundo et tertio rufis nigro-terminatis ; 
reliquis nigro-fuscis. Thorax brevis, antice leviter emarginatus, 
lateribus valde rotundatis, margine lato laterali et postico piano, 
flavescente, angulis posticis subrectis, disco toto rugoso ; impres- 
sionibus transversis satis distinctis, angtdos in medium formanti- 
bus, linea longitudinali profundiuscula. Elytra vittis tribus ni- 
gris, postice paulo abbreviatis; suturali antice furcata; spatiis 

194 Gatalogm of the Geodephagous Colcoptera 

inter vittas exteriores et suturalera flavescentibus ; leviter stria- 
ta, ioteretitio tertio punctia tribua impressis. Pedes nigri, femo- 
ribua Bubtua, dbiisque extus flavescentibus. 

8. |> 11 Ic h el 1 a . Dej. Sp. Gen. Habitat in prov. australibus. 

9. fuse at a. Dej. ibid. Habitat NovEboraci, et in provinciis 

ct Dimidio minor, vitta marginali cum macula suturali 
paulo pone medium conjuncta. Habitat ad Lacum 

10. axillaris. Dej. ibid. Habitat in provinciis australibus 

et ad Rocky Mountains. Abdomine nonnunquam 
pallido, sed ssepius infuscato. 
a p i C (I lis . Hald. Proc. Ac. Nat. Sc. Vol. 1. (Dromius.) 

var. b r u n it ea. Hald. ibid. 
U. o r n a t a . <:i y. Trans. Am. Phil Soc. 

(I n (I I / .s*. Dej. Sp. (icn. Habitat NovEboraci rarius. 

12. S C M l) U 1 a r i S . Dej. Sp. ( ! en. Habitat NovEboraci, et ad 

Rocky Mountains. 
a. Vitta elytrali postice marginem attingentc. 

13. * c o 11 j u n iT (Ml s. Rufaj capite inter ocvlos ten niter striata. 

ih/tris vitta lata suturali, alteraque suhmarginali, 

l> i, stir, connexis, tibiis tarsisque nigris. Long. *2 unc. 

lat • l . J [abital NovEboraci rarissime. 

Rufa : palpi nigri, antenna fuscse basi rufae. Caput triangu- 

lare, postice profunde constrictum, oculis rotundatis valde exstan- 

tibus, inter oculos tenuiter striatum el punctatum. Thorns fere 

emicircularis, apice paulo truncatus, margine lato depresso, 

traj BubtiHter rugosus, Bubnitidus, linea Longitudinal] pro- 

funda. Elytra tborace Besqui latiora Bubquadrata, plana, apice 

Binuato-truncata, profunde tenuiter Btriata, vitta lata (-(111)11)11111 

suturali ad Btriam •i ||,M extendente, alteraque ;i -'> [A ad sv;nn p s- 

Catalogue of the Geodephagous Coleoptera. 195 

tice leviter dilatata, et cum suturali conjuncta, nigris. Pedes 
nigri, femoribus basi, tibiis medio pallidis. 

L. vittatam et scapularem valde refert ; huic autem pedes 
ferruginei, ilke caput striatum. 

14. vittata. Fabr. Habitat ubique. 

15. nig rip ennis. Dej. Sp. Gen. Habitat in provinces aus- 

tral i bus. 

16. C O 1 1 a r i S . Dej. ibid. Habitat cum priore, et NovEboraci. 

17. af finis. Dej. ibid. Habitat in provinciis australibus. 

18. Ill a C U 1 1 C O r 11 i S . Obscure cenea, antcnnarum articulo 

tertio pcdibusquc pallidis. Long. - 16, lat. '075. Ha- 
bitat in Georgia. 
Obscure eenea ; antenna, nigrae, articulo tertio, quartoque basi 
pallido. Thorax subquadratus, antice vix angustatus, subcon- 
vexus, tenuissime marginatus, lateribus non depressis ; linea 
longitudinali tenui ; impressione transversa anteriore vix dis- 
tincta, posteriore profunda, angulis posticis reflexis, subelevatis, 
rectis : elytra obscure viridicentia, tenuiter striata, interstitio 
tertio punctis duobus : pedes pallidi. 

19. smaragdllla. Dej. Sp. Gen. Habitat ubique. 

20. viridis. Say et Dej. Habitat ubique. 

21. piimila. Dej. Sp. Gen. 

floricola. Harris, N. E. Farmer. Habitat in provinciis 
§ 21. Tborax convexus, cordatus, postice retractus, margine de- 
presso nullo. 

22. 4-vittata. Dej. Sp. Gen. Habitat in Alabama, a Dom. 

Haldeman amice data. 

23. abdominalis. Chaudoir Bui. de Soc. Imp. des Nat. 

Moscou. Rufa, antcnnis obscuris basi testaceis, ca- 
pite elytrisque viridi-ceneis, pectore, genubus tibiisque 
ad apicem nigris. Long. *2 unc, lat. "08. Habitat 
in Alabama, a D. Haldeman amice data. 

196 Catalogue of the Gcodej)hagous Coleoptera. 

Rufa. Antenna obscuree, articulis duobus primis testaceis 
palpi picei, mandibular ferruginese. Caput convexum pone 
oculos profunde constrictum, collo brevi in tborace immissum, 
sparse subtiliter punctatum ad oculos leviter rugosum, viridi-ae- 
neum nitidum. Ocirii parvi modice exstantcs. Thorax capite 
vix Latior, latitudinc summa paulo brevior, subcordatus, lateribus 
valde rotundatus, postice retractus, ad angulos posticos leviter 
sinuatus, antice posticcque truncatus, disco convexo, leviter spar- 
6equepunctatus ct rugosus ; impressione transversa anteriore vix 
distincta, postcriore valde profunda recta, linea longitudinal] 
tenui. Scutellura brunncum. Elytra subquadrata tborace du- 
plo latiora, postice recte truncata, obsoletissime striata, striis hie 
illic punctatis, interstitiis planissimis. Postpcctus nigrum ; femo- 
ra ad apicem anguste infuscata : tibiis ad apicem tarsisque ni- 
giis, his articulo quarto bifido sed non cordiformi. 


1. * vir idiprn ni s. Obscure viridis,antennarum basiferrugi- 

nca ; elytris viridi-nitidis, fenue striatis. Long. "26, 

lat. -11. Habitat in Alabama. 

Obscure viridis ; antenna articulis tribus primis ferrugineis, 

reliquis fuscis. Thorax longitudine duplo latior, postice levissi- 

mc nntrustat us, lateribus valde rotundatis, angulis posttcis vix 

eonspicuis, obtusissimis ; margine basique depressus: linea Ion 

gitudinali profunda, impressione transversa anteriore indistincta, 

postcriore profunda, punctoque basali distincta. ISlytra viridi- 

uitentia, tborace latiora, deplanata, humeris rotundatis, satis 

prominentibus, lateribus leviter rotundatis postice oblique trun- 

( :itis et siuuatis, leiiuitei striata, striis versus apicem paulo pro- 

fundioribus ; interstitiis plauis.siiuis, tertio punctis duobus. S///>- 

tus nigra, p< des picei. 
g, acrata. Knocb. Neue 1 J < • i t . Habitat in provinciis auatrali- 

.'{. S ig 1) a t Jl. Dej. Sp. Gen. Habitat cum priore. 

Catalogue of the Geodephagous Coleoptera. 197 

♦Collaris. Nigra; antcnnarum basi, pedibus, thorace (ex- 
cepta macula mediali nigropicea) elytrorum margine 
tenuissimo, maculaque apicali, testaceis, apice summo 
brunneo. Long. 22 unc. lat. *1 unc. Habitat in 
Georgia rarius. 
Statura omnino C. signatae. Caput nigrum vix nitidum laeve, 
oculis magnis prominulis. Antenna, ferrugineae, basi testaceae. 
Thorax planus, capite paulo latior, latitudine surama sesqui bre- 
vior, antice emarginatus, lateribus rotundatus, postice leviter re- 
tractus, margine reflexo versus basin latiore ; linea longitudinali 
profunda, impressionibus transversis tenuibus ; testaceus macu- 
la discoidali ante medium nigro-fusca. Elytta tborace fere ses- 
qui latiora, subquadrata fere plana, postice sinuato-truncata ; 
distincte striata ; epipleuris, margine laterali tenuissimo, apica- 
lique lato pallido, ad suturam quadratim dilatato apice summa 
brunnea. Abdomen brunneum; pedes testaceo ferruginei. 

C. signatam valde refert ; thorace tamen lateribus paulo mi- 
nus rotundato, postice leviter angustato, elytrisque minus pro- 
funde striatis : C. signata, porro, fascia transversa pallida ante 
medium facile dignoscitur. 

1. fasciatllS. Nigro-aineus nitidus, antennis, palpis, pedibus, 
elytrisque pallidis ; his macula magna scutellari fas- 
cia lata undulata apicequc fuscis . Long "2 unc, lat. 
•1. Habitat in provinciis australibus. 
Coptodcra fasciata. Hald. Proc. Ac. Nat. Sc. Vol. I. 
Ni"TO-aeneus nitidus. Caput triangulare larve, puncto utrinque 
fxontaliimpresso, oculis parvi.s vix exstantibus, mandibular piceae, 
antennae palpique testacei. Thorax capite paulo brevior, longi- 
tudine summa sesqui latior, subquadratus antice leviter emargin- 
atus, lateribus ante medium valde rotundatis, pone medium rec- 
tis, leviter retractis, basi recte truncato, angulis posticis obtusis 
apice non rotundatis ; disco minus convexus, impressione trans- 

198 Catalogue of the Gcodephagous Colcoptcra. 

versa anteriore indistincta posteriore vakle profunda recta, linea 
longitudinal] tenui, Integra, basalibus parvis profundis, basi pone 
impressionem transversam sublilissime striate. Elytra thorace 
basi sesqui latiora, latitudine summa longiora, subquadrata, sub- 
plana, apice sinuato truncata ; tcnuiter striata, striis versus api- 
cem paulo indistinctis, l»ia, 2"ila q Ue integris 3ia et 4 ,; > paido 
abbreviatis, 5'a ct li t;i conjunctim abbreviatis, 7m :l Integra versus 
aj)icem incurvata ; stria abbreviata ad suturam; pallidc testacea 
nitida ; sutura, macula magna communi subscutellari, altera ad 
apicem, fasciaque communi lata ad suturam postice angulata 
fusco asneis ; fascia nonnunquam medio pallida, guttas plures for- 
mantc; epipleuris testaceis. Subtus piceo-aeneus ; pedes testa- 
cei ; metasternum medio ferrugineum. Habitus fere Notapbi. 

Obs. — Tarsi antici maris articulis tribus dilatatis, sub-quadra- 
tis ; intermedii fere filiformes. 

ArTINUS. Bonclli. 

1. amcricaillis. Dej. Cat.j LeConte. Proceed. Ac. Nat. Sc. 

of Phil. Habitat in provinciis australibus. 

2. janthinipennis. Dej.Sp.Grep. Habitat ad Lacum On- 

ondaga, N. Y. 

In speciebus omnibus boreali americanis, caput et thorax fer- 
ruginei, el elytra cyanescentia, viridescentia, vel nigricantia sunt. 
1. alternans. Dej.Sp.Gen. Antenna fuscae, articulis duobus 
primis, tertiique basi ferrugineis j caput elongatum laeve, postice 
punctatum, Lmpressionibus front alibus profundis, leviter puncta- 
tis. Thorax longitudine latitudinem excedens, antice leviter 
cmarginatiis, capiti arete conjunctus, angulis deflexisj lateribus 
usque ad dodrantera rotundatis sed vix ampliatis, dein contractis, 
angulis posticis rectis paulo exstantibus : margiur acute rcflexo : 
convexus, leviter punctatus ; inijuvssione transversa anteriore 
angulata, profunda, posteriore distincta fere recta, linea longitu- 
dinali satis impressa, basalibus parvis dob profundis. Elytra 
ba i angusta, fore ad apicem ampliata, humeris valde rotundatis; 

Catalogue of the Geodephagous Coleoptera. 199 

leviter punctata et pubescentia ; subcostata, costis externis obso- 
letis, secunda et quarta paulo eminentioribus. Subtus fuscus ; 
pectora trochanteres et pedes ferruginei. Long. '615, lat. '285. 
Habitat in provinciis australibus. 

ballistarillS. Antenna sicut in B. alternante : caput 
multo latins, oculis magis exstantibus, lrcve, postice punctatum, 
impressionibus frontalibus minus profundis rugulosis. Thorax 
latitudine longitudinem aequans, antice latus, vix emarginatus, 
angulis anticis non deflexis, rectis, paulo porrectis, lateribus ma- 
gis rotundatis paulo ampliatis, prope basin valde contractis fere 
strangulatis, angulis posticis acutis, subdivergentibus ; margine 
tenui reflexo ; minus convexus, leviter rugosus ; impressione 
transversa anteriore margine approximata indistincta, posteriore 
profunda, linea longitudinali tenuissima, basalibus distinctis satis 
profundis. Elytra antice latiora, bumeris minus rotundatis, 
lateribus vix ampliatis ; nigrocyanea, costata ; costis 2 u da et 4ta, 
eminentioribus ; interstitiis profundioribus, pubescentibus, vix 
punctatis. Subtus fuscus, trocbanteres, pedes, et pectora medio, 
ferruginea. Long. '59, lat. -255. Habitat NovEboraci. 

Ad hanc speciem forte referendus est B. tenuicollis (mihi 
Proceed. Ac. Nat. Sc. loc. cit.): sed specimen unicum a quo fac- 
ta est descriptio valde imperfectum est, et non recte conferen- 
dum cum B. ballistario. 

*similis. Statura et forma omnino B. ballistarii. Antenna 
fuscae, articulis duobus primis tertiique basi ferrugineis. Caput 
elongatum, oculis prominulis, lasve ; impressionibus frontalibus 
latis, non profundis, leviter rugosis. Thorax latitudine caput 
aequans, longitudine paulo angustior, antice leviter emarginatus, 
angulis non rotundatis acutiusculis ; lateribus usque ad medium 
leviter rotundatis, non ampliatis, dein rotundato-contractis, prope 
basin valde angustatis, non constrictis, angulis posticis acutis, di- 
vergentibus ; margine tenui reflexo ; disco leviter convexus, ru- 
gosus, sparse leviter punctatus ; impressionibus transversis valde 
profundis, linea longitudinali tenui. Elytra nigricantia pubes- 
centia, sparse punctata, distinctius costata, costis 2 u ^ a et 4 ta acu- 

200 Catalogue of the Geodephagous Colcopterd. 

tioribus, magis elevatis. Subtus fuscus, pectora trochanteres et 
pedes ferruginei. Long. -475, lat. *22. Habitat NovEboraci 

i. strenilUS. LeConte. Proceed. Ac. Nat. Sc. loc. cit. sup. 
Antenna fortiores, ferruginea?, apice paulo obscurae ; caput an- 
gustum, laeve, postice punctatum ; impressionibus frontalibus 
profundis latis, subpunctatis. Thorax angustior, antice leviter 
emarginatus angulis deflexis vix conspicuis, lateribus leviter ro- 
tundatis non ampliatis, ad dodrantem retractis, sed minus quam 
in praecedentibus, angulis posticis rectis; margine acutius re- 
flexo ; convexus, distincte punctatus ; impressione transversa an* 
teriore medio profunda, posteriore distincta, linea longitudinali 
levissima et tenuissima, basalibus parvis. Elytra basi minus 
angustata, bumeris valde rotundatis, lateribus levissime rotunda- 
tis et ampliatis, convexiora, obscure atra, valde pubescentia, sub- 
punctata, costis lasvibus, non politis, interstitiis minime profun- 
dis, jDostice obsoletis. Subtus fuscus, pedes et trochanteres ob- 
scure ferruginei. Long. '60, lat. -28. Habitat in Georgia. 

5. *tormentarius. Antenna sicut in B. strenuo : caput punc- 
tatum medio laeve, paulo latius, oculis minus exstantibus, im- 
pressionibus frontalibus latis, profundis. Thorax latior antice 
leviter emarginatus, angulis rotundatis, lateribus ad dodrantem 
valde rotundatis et paulo ampliatis, dein valde retractis angulis 
posticis divergentibus, exstantibus ; margine reflexiore ; minus 
convexus, dense jmnctatus ; impressione transversa anteriore an- 
gulata distincta, posteriore profunda, linea longitudinali bene 
notata, basalibus parvis. Elytra planiora, basi angustiora lateri- 
bus multo magis ampliatis et paulo rotundatis, cyanea, costata ; 
costis externis obsoleas, interstitiis profundioribus, leviter pube- 
scentibus et punctatis. Subtus ferruginous, lateribus paulo in* 
fuscatis. Long. */37, lat. *26. Habitat in provinces occidental^ 

6. D C y r 1 1 i i . Ferte, Rev. Zool, 1S41. Priorcm valde refert. 
Antenna' ea?dem : caput paulo angustius, minus punctatum, im- 

Catalogue of the Geodaphagous Coleoptera. 201 

pressionibus latis, sed non tam profundis. Thorax paulo angus- 
tior, capiti arctius conjunctus, angulis anticis non rotundatis ; 
lateribus magis ampliatis et rotundatis, prope basin magis subito 
retractis, angulis posticis minus divergentibus, margine reflexo 
paulo angustiore : minus convexus, punctatus; impressione 
transversa anteriore valde angulata, distincta, posteriore paulo 
recurva, linea longitudinali tenui et distincta ; basalibus paulo 
profundioribus, fere ad medium antice extendentibus, parte 
antica minus impressa. Elytra antice minus angustata, lateri- 
bus minus ampliatis, humeris magis rotundatis ; obscure cyanea, 
pubescentia, levissime punctata ; costata, costis externis subob- 
soletis, interstitiis angustiusculis, non profundis. Subtus ferru- 
gineus, lateribus leviter infuscatis. Long. -575, lat. *27. Habi- 
tat in provinciis australibus. 

7. quadripennis. Dej. Sp. Gen. 

var. neglectus. LeConte. Proceed. Ac. Nat. Sc. of Phila. 
Antennae, fuscas, articulis duobus primis ferrugineis. Caput 
subelongatum, fere lseve, punctis solum paucis pone oculos, im- 
pressionibus, longiusculis distinctis, antice punctatis. Thorax 
latitudine summa longior, capite non latior, antice leviter emar- 
ginatus, angulis anticis fere acutis, non deflexis, lateribus satis 
ampliatis, et usque ad dodrantem valde rotundatis, dein valde 
contractis, angulis posticis divergentibus prominulis ; margine 
reflexo tenuissimo ; convexus, laevis, rugulis transversis valde 
indistinctis obtectus : impressione transversa anteriore margini 
valde approximata, non profunda, margine antica leviter striata ; 
posteriore ad medium obtuse angulata distincta, linea longitudi- 
nali tenui ad basin extendente, basalibus brevibus vix conspicu- 
is. Elytra obscure atra (in varietate subcyanea) lata, humeris 
distinctis, valde rotundatis, lateribus leviter ampliatis, indistincte 
costata, costis postice et cxterne obliteratis ; obsolete punctata, 
subpubescentia. Subtus obscurus, ad latera fuscus pectora tro- 
chanters et pedes ferruginei. Long. '40, lat. \20.5, Habitat in 
provinciis australibus communius. 

202 Catalogue of the Geodaphagous Colcoptcra. 

8. lateralis. Dej. Sp. Gen. Corporis forma B. quadripen- 
nem refert. Antenna obscuras articulo primo pallido, secundo 
ferrugineo, macula parva obscura. Caput latius, convexius laeve, 
impressiouibus breviusculis, linearibus, profundis. Thorax capite 
angustior, et ei arete conjunctus, anticc levissime emarginatus, 
lateribus usque ad dodrantem rotundatis, non ampliatis, dein 
paulo contractis, angulis posticis acutis, divergentibus,prominulis: 
margine tenuissimo reflexo ; valde convexus, lajvis ; impressione 
transversa anteriore margini approximata distincta, posteriore 
valde profunda, recta, linea longitudinali tenui distincta, utrinque 
abbreviata. Elytra obscure atra, margine angusta pallida, quam 
in pnecedente basi angustiora, bumeris minus rotundatis lateri- 
bus magis ampliatis ; obsolete costata, levissime rugosa, pube 
breve vestita. Epipleime postice pallidae. Subtus ferruginous, 
ad latera fuscus; pedes pallidi, genubus obscuris. Long. *33, lat. 
.165. Abundat in provinciis australibus. 
). patruelis. Dej. Cat: LeConte. Proceed. Ac. Nat. Sc. of 
Phila, Antenna: obecurae, articulis duobus primis, tertiique basi 
ferrugineis, caput mediocre, laeve, impressiouibus exadversum 
oculorum medium desinentibus, profundis, rcctis postice leviter 
dilatatis. Thorax latitudinc summa paido longior, capite nonlati- 
or, antice leviter emarginatus angulis valde rotundatis deflcxis. 
lateribus modice rotundatis, vix ampliatis, pro2ie basin valde an- 
g ustatus eed non constrictus, angulis posticis, fere rectis ; mar 
gine tenui valde reflexo; Levis, quam in praecedentibus minus 
convexus ; impressione transversa anteriore angulata, indistinota, 
posteriore leviter impressa, linea longitudinali tenui profunda. 
Integra, basalibus prolongatis, ante medium tendentibus, sed 
valde indistinctis, rectis. Elytra obscure atra, subconvexa, basi 
angusta, humeris satis distinctis, lateribus usque ad dodrantem 
ampliatis; costis latis <>]>iusis vi\ elevatis, interstitiis \ ;i K li ■ angus- 
tis, ita in obsolete striata videntur. Subtus obscurus, pectorn 
medio, trochanteres el pedes ferrugineii Long. "365, lat, w 175. 
Habital Noi Eboraci, et in provinciis australibus. 

Catalogue of the Ceodephagous Coleoptera. 203 

10. Lecoiltei. Dej. Cat. et LeConte. loc. cit. sup. Angusti- 
or ; antennas obscurae, articvilis duobus primis ferrugineis ; 
caput elongatum, punctatum, medio laeve, impressionibus profun- 
dis ; oculi vix prominuli. Thorax capite non latior, latitudine 
dimidio fere longior, capiti arete conjunctus, antice leviter 
emarginatus, angulis deflexis ; lateribus leviter rotundatis non 
arapliatis, prope basin contractus, non constrictus; angulis posti- 
cis rectis noT diverge ntibus ; margine tenui reflexo ; subcon- 
vexus, punctatus ; impressione transversa anteriore angulata, 
profunda, posteriore minus distincta, linea longitudinali pro- 
funda, utrinque abbreviata. Elytra cyanescentia, basi angusta, 
humeris valde rotundatis, lateribus leviter ampliatis, convexa, 
pubescentia, punctata; costata, costa 2uda paulo distinctiore, in- 
terstitiis latis modice profundis. Subtus fuscus, pectora, trocban 
teres et pedes ferruginei. Long. -51, lat. -21. Habitat in 
provinciis australibus. 

11. perplexus. Dej. Sp. Gen. Angustior: antennae obscu- 
rae, articulis duobus primis, tertiique basi ferrugineis. Caput 
quam in B. LeContei paulo brevius et latius, laeve, punctis pau- 
cis posticis, impressionibus frontalibus valde profundis, rugo- 
sis. Thorax latitudine caput aequans, quam in praecedente paulo 
brevior, angulis anticis rotundatis, prominulis, lateribus usque 
ad medium fere rectis, dein rotundato-contractis, prope basin 
retractis sed non coustrictis, angulis posticis divergentibus; mar- 
gine valde reflexo : multo minus convexus, sparse punctatus ; 
impressionibus transversis vix distinctis, linea longitudinali bene 
impressa, integra. Elytra cyanescentia humeris rotundatis dis- 
tinctis, lateribus leviter ampliatis; convexa, pubescentia, subti- 
lius punctata ; costis latis, interstitiis angustis, minime profundis, 
ita ut striae obsoletae videntur. Subtus ferrugineus, lateribus 
fuscis. Lung. *44, lat. "17. Habitat NovEboraci. 

12. f U 111 a 11 S . Fabr. Syst. Eleuth.: Dej. Sp. Gen. 

Cyanopterus. Dej. MS.; LeConte. Proceed. Ac. 

Nat. Sc. Vol. I. 
Angustior; antenna articulis quatuor primis ferrugineis, reliquis 
obscuris ; caput fere ut in praecedente, impressionibus tamen pro- 

204 Catalogue of the GeoJcphagous Coleoptcra. 

fundioribus, et sparse purictatis. Thorax fere ut in praecedente, 
angulis anticis minus rotundatis, lateribus usque ad medium fere 
rectis, leviter ampliatis, postice magis retractis, angulis posticis 
valde divergentibus ; margine latiorc reflexo, praesertim versus 
angulos anticos; subplanus, sparse punctatus ; impressione trans- 
versa anteriore valde angulata, non profunda, posteriore nulla, 
linea longitudinali profunda utrinque abbreviata. Elytra sub- 
eyanea, fere parallela, bumeris valde rotundatis sed satis distinc- 
tis ; minus convexa, pubescentia, leviter punctata ; costata, inters- 
tvtiis profundioribus, latis, costis extends fere obsoletis. Subtus 
obscure ferrugineus, lateribus fuscis, pedes ferruginei. Long. 
•475, lat. -205. Habitat NovEboraci. 
a, Elytra viridescentia. 

13. *Sllf flans. Priorem valde refert. Antenna et caput 
eadem. Thorax paulo angustior, capiti arctius conjunctus, an- 
gulis anticis deflexis, lateribus magis rotundatus postice paulo 
magis retractus ; convexior, minus punctatus, rugulis plurimis 
distinctis ; linea longitudinali tenuiore, impressione transversa 
anteriore angulata, distinctiore, posteriore nulla. Elytra sicut 
in B. fumante. Subtus ferrugineus, ad latera leviter infuscatus. 
Long. -495, lat. -20. Habitat NovEboraci. 

14. *affillis. Corporis forma, B. viridipennem refert, sed ely- 
tra multo magis parallela. Antenna; articulis quatuor primis fer- 
rugineis, reliquis fuscescentibus. Caput subelongatum, oculis 
vix prominulis, laeve punctis paucis pone oculos, et in impres- 
sionibus frontalibus, quae longae sunt, sed non profundae. Thorax 
capite vix latior, latitudinc non longior, antice emarginatus, an- 
gulis valde rotundatis depressis : lateribus usque ad medium fere 
rectis, dein rotundato-angustatis, prope basin contractis non con- 
strictis, basi quam in alteris paulo latiore ; angulis acutis diver- 
gentibus ; margine tenuissimo reflexo; disco subconvcxus, dense 
punctatus, impressionibus transvcrsis Vix observandis, linea longi- 
tudinali integra, medio minus profunda, basalibus latis. Elytra 
longiora, parallela, bumeris valde rotundatis ; cyanescentia, pu- 
bescentia, subtilius punctata ; distinctius costata, costis postice et 

Catalogue of the Geodephagous Coleoptera. 20o 

externe obsoletis, interstitiis latis exaratis. Subtus ferrugineus, 
lateribus leviter infuscatis. Abdomen densius pilosum. Long. 
•465, lat. -20. Habitat in Indiana ad flumen Ohio. 
15- viridipenilis. Dej. Sp. Gen. Angustior; antennae, cras- 
siusculee, obscurae, articulis duobus primis tertiique basi ferrugi- 
neis. Caput elongatum leviter punctatum, medio laeve ; im- 
pressionibus frontalibus latis brevibus non profundis. Thorax 
latitudine caput aequans, latitudine sumtna longior, capiti arete 
connexus, angulis anticis deflexis, lateribus rotundatis non am- 
pliatis, pone medium regulariter contractis, minime constrictis. 
angulis posticis rectis, vix divergentibus, margine tenuissimo 
reflexo ; convexus, densius minus fortiter punctatus ; impressione 
transversa anteriore valde angalata, profunda, posteriore leviter 
impressa, basalibus brevibus, linea longitudinali tenui postice 
abbreviata. Elytra viridescentia, valde pubescentia, densius 
subtilius punctata; basi angusta, humeris valde rotundatis, indis- 
tinctis, lateribus leviter ampliatis ; subcostata, costis postice et 
externe obsoletioribus, interstitiis latis obtusis. Subtus fuscus, 
pectora, ti-oehanteres, et pedes ferruginei. Long. '55, lat. '235. 
Habitat in provinciis australibus sat frequens. 

16. viridis. LeConte. Proceed. Ac. Nat. Sc. of Phila. B. vi- 
ridipennem valde refert. Antennce et caput eadem. Thorax 
antice paulo angustior, postice minus retractus, angulis posticis 
modice divergentibus ; minus convexus, minus dense punctatus ; 
impressione posteriore profundiore, linea longitudinali fortiter 
impressa, postice abbreviata. Elytra laete viridia, antice paulo 
angustiora, lateribus magis ampliatis ; distinctius costata, costis 
2nda e t 4ta paulo evidentioribus, interstitiis profundioribus. Sub- 
tus sicut in B. viridipenne. Long. -.50, lat. -21. Habitat in 
provinciis australibus rarissime. 

17. cephalotes. Dej. Sp. Gen. Angustior; antenna: atten- 
uatae, ferrugineae apice paulo obscurae; caput latum oculis pro- 
minulis, ad latera leviter punctatum, impressionibus frontalibus 
latis, profundis. Thorax capite angustior, latitudine summa lon- 
gior, antice vix emarginatus, angulis rotundatis, lateribus rotund- 

206 Catalogue of the Gcodephagous Coleoptcra, 

atis, non ampliatis, pone medium regulariter retractis, minlme 
constrictis, angulis posticis divergentibus ; margine acute re- 
flexo; convexus, leviter punctatus ; impressionibus transversis 
indistinctis, linea longitudinali profunda, tenui. Elytra cyanes- 
centia, pubescentia, vix punctata; basi valde angustata, liumeris 
valde rotundatis. sed satis distinctis, lateribus usque ad dodran- 
tem ampliatis; levissime et obtuse costata. Subtus ferrugineus 
lateribus infuscatis. Long. -355 — "30, lat. '15 — "12. Habitat 

18. * V e 1 O X. B. cephalotem refert. Antenna attenuatas, longi- 
tudine corpus aequantes, ferrugineae, apice paulo obscurae. Caput 
impressionibus longioribus, profundioribus valde punctatis. Tho- 
rax brevior antice valde latior, vix emarginatus, angulis deflexis, 
lateribus valde rotundatis, prope basin retractis, angulis posti- 
cis acutis, valde divergentibus ; margine tenuissimo reflexo ; 
sparse subtilius jiunctatus, minus convexus ; impressione trans- 
versa anteriore vix distincta, posteriore modice profunda, linea 
longitudinali tenui integra. Elytra fere sicut in B. cephalote, 
antice paulo minus angustata, liumeris minus rotundatis ; costis 
externis obsoletissimis. Subtus obscurus, pectora, trocbanteres 
et pedes ferruginea. Long. *30, lat. '125. Habitat NovEbo- 

19. COrdicollis. Dej. Sp. Gen. Corporis forma B. quadri- 
pennem valde refert. Antenna ferrugineae, apice obscurae. Ca- 
put majus, ad latera sparse punctatum, impressionibus frontali- 
bus latisprofundis. Thorax latitudine non longior, antice levi- 
ter emarginatus, angulis obtusis, deflexis, lateribus valde rotun- 
datis, usque ad medium ampliatis, prope basin valde contractis 
fere constrictis, angulis posticis modice divergentibus : margine 
valde reflexo ; modice convexus, obsolete rugosus et punctatus : 
impressione transversa anteriore vix distincta, posteriore valde 
profunda, linea longitudinali profunda integra, basalibus rectis, 
profundis. Elytra obscure evanescent ia, pube densa breviore 
vestita, obsoletissime rugosa, magis parallela quam in B. quadri- 
penni, bumeris minus rotundatis ; evidentius costata, costis ex- 

Catalogue of the Geodephagous Coleopterd. 207 

terne et postice obsoletis, interstitiis lalis. Subtus ferrugineus. 
honor. -35 lat. -155. Habitat NovEboraci. 

O 7 

20. COnformis. Dej. Sp. Gen. Corporis forma B. fumantem 
refert : triplo minor. Antennae, tenues, articulis duobus pnmis, 
tertii, quartique basi ferrugineis, reliquis obscurioribus. Caput 
latum, fere laeve, punctis paucis pone oculos ; impressionibus 
frontalibus longis, profundus, rugosis. Thorax latitudine paulo 
longior, capite non latior, antice leviter emarginatus, angulis 
valde obtusis, deflexis, lateribus usque ad medium rotundatis, 
vix ampliatis, proue basin retractis, non constrictis, angulis 
posticis acutis valde divergentibus ; margine valde reflexo, 
arftice paulo latiore ; convexus, leviter rugose-punctatus ; im- 
pressione transversa anteriore profunda, angulata, posteriore 
distincta, recta, linea longitudiuali profunda, antice abbrevia- 
ta. Elytra cyanescentia, pubescentia, vix punctata, fere laevia, 
costis 2'^ a et 4ta distinctis postice obliterans, margins ex- 
timo reflexo, paulo latiore quam in praecedentibus ; humeris 
valde rotundatis sed satis distinctis, lateribus fere parallelis. 
Subtus obscurus ; t-ochanteres, pedes, pectoraque ferruginea. 
Lono-. -365, lat. -155. Habitat NovEboraci. 

21. medillS. Harris. Cat. Parvus, subelongatus : antenna 
elongataa, obscurae, articulis duobus primis tertii : } ue basi ferru- 
gineis. Caput latum convexum laeve, impressionibus frontalibus 
profundis, rugosis. Thorax latiusculus, antice emarginatus, an- 
gulis deflexis, obtusis, lateribus usque ad medium rotundatis 
leviter ampliatis, prope basin valde retractis fere constrictis, 
angulis posticis acutis valde divergentibus ; margine reflexo 
tenuissimo ; leviter convexus, laevis ; impressionibus transversis 
distinctis, anteriore valde angulata,fcl;nea longitudina li profunda, 
inteora, basalibus brevibus profundis. Elytra subcyanea, minus 
opaca, humeris valde rotundatis s°d distinctis, lateribu leviter 
ampliatis fere parallelis; densi s \ ubescen ia, vix j unca a, ob- 
solete costata, sutura costisque 2 ,da et 4ta paulo elevatis. Sub- 
tus ferrugineus, lateribus abJomineque infuscatis. Long. -22, 
lat. -10. Ha'ji at NovEboraci, ad latum Onondaga. 

208 Catalogue of the Gcodephagous Coleoptcra 

22. *pumilio. Minutus, forma B. cephalotem refert. Antenna 1 
ferruginea- apice leviter infuscatse. Caput magnum, postice 
magis retractum, laeve, impressionibus fronlalibus valde profun- 
dis, latis. Thorax laliusoulus, anlice non emarginatus, angulis 
obtusis, lateribus usque ad medium leviter ampliatis et rotunda- 
tis, prope basin valde angustatus, angulis posticis rectis; mar- 
gine reflexo vix conspicuo ; leviter convexus, laivis ; impression- 
ibus transversis obsoletis, linea longitudinali profunda, antice 
abbreviata. Elytra subeyanea, basi angusta, lateribus amplia- 
tis, et leviter rotundatis, costis fere nullis, pubescentia, leviter 
punctata. Subtus ferruginous. Long. -20, lat. '09. Habitat 
cum priore. 

HELLUO. p. Dej. 

1. Clairvillci. Dej. Sp. Gen. Habitat in provinciis austra- 


2. pracusta. Dej. Sp. Gen. Habitat cum priore et in Ter- 

ritorio Missouriensi. 

3. laticornis. Dej. Sp. Gen. Habitat in Georgia et Carolina. 

4. nigripeilllis. Dej. Sp. Gen. Habitat etiam in provinciis 


PSYDRUS. LeConte. 
1. picGUS. LeConte. Annals of the Lyceum, Vol. IV. Ha- 
bitat ad Lacum Superiorem. 

APLOCHILE* nov. gen. 
Corpus elongatum, subcylindricum. 
Caput magnum, supra et subtus convexum, postice non con- 

Lahrum brevissimum, non observn.ndum. 
Mandibuljb lata3, validaB, apice vix acutae. 
(Maxilla uon visae.) 

* a7TKoo(, simplex ct ^«7ah, I (thrum. 

Catalogue of the Gcodephagous Coleoptera. 209 

Mentum magnum, modice concavum, late modice emarginatum, 
emarginatione basi plana, dente nullo. 

Palpi tenues, articulo ultimo cylindrico, apice leviter truncate 

Antennae breves, versus apicem incrassataa, articulo l m0 bre- 
vi, crasso ; 2ndo sesqui breviore, crassitie non lon- 
giore ; 3i° duplo longiore leviter obconico ; reliquis 
discretis, globulosis, aequalibus ; ultimo vix longiore, 
obovali, apice subacuto. 

Oculi majusculi, rotundati. 

Thorax subcordatus, convexus, lateribus vix rotundatus, postice 
retractus, antice et postice truncatus. 

Scutellum nullum. 

Elytra parallela, thorace cum capite fere duplo longiora, apice 
rotundata, linea elevata, brevi, submarginali ad api- 

Pedes mediocres : tarsi breviusculi, antici latiusculi, articulis 
subaequalibus, 3 primis triangulaiibus ; reliqui arti- 
culo lmo paulo longiore, ultimo sesqui longiore; 
tibia? anticae intus valde profunde emarginatae, spi- 
na apicali valid a. 

Ungues simplices. 

A Psydro differt habitu convexinre, capite subtus convexo, 

postice non constricto, oculis majoribus; labro vix conspicuo ; 

antennarum articulis magis discretis; articulo ultimo reliquis vix 

longiore, apice subacuto (in Psydro, sesqui longiore, apice valde 

obtuso, rotundatoque) ; mento majore, minus concavo : Nomius 

(Laporte) esse videretur, nisi scutellum ejus breve, thoraxque 

fortiter marginatus abhorrent. 
1. pygmaeilS. Dej. Sp. Gen. (Morio.) Habitat in Alabama 
rarius ; a Dom. Haldeman amicissime datus. 


Arctharca (Say,) hclluonis. Say. Trans. Am. Phil. 
Soc. N. S. Vol. IV. 

210 Catalogue of the Gcodaphagdus Coleoptera; 

Z u ph in m (Lat.) americanum. Dej. Sp. Gen. 

Habitat ubique rarissime. 

Cy mind is morio. Dej. Sp. Gen. 
Calleida rubricollis. Dej. Sp. Gen. 

Dro 111 illS gemmatllS. Haldeman ibid. Habitat in 

Lebia russata. Newman. Ent. Mag. Vol. V. Habitat 

in Florida. 

marginella. Dej. Sp. Gen. Habitat in pro- 

vinciis australibus. 

Helluo pygmaeus. Dej. Sp. Gen. 
Heteromorphus (Kirby,) excrucians (Kirby.) 

Linnean Trans. 
Dr epanus (Illiger,) fjeContei. Dej. Sp. Gen. Ha- 
bitat in provinciis australibus. 

Sub. Fam. II. — Scar i tides. — Dej. 

Bipartiti. — Latreille. 
Scaritidat. — MacLeay. 


1. Kpllialtcs. LeConte. Bost. Journ. Nat. Hist. Vol. V. 

Habitat in prov. australibus, habitat etiam ad Rocky 

2. quadriceps. Chaudoir. Bull. Soc. Imp. des Nat. de Mos- 

cou. No. IV. 

Sub stria til S. Haldeman. Proceed. Ac. Nat. Sc. Habi- 
tat in provinciis australibus. 

distinctus. Hald. ibid. (var. sulco mandibulari basi paulo 
minus dilatato.) 

Catalogue of the Geodapltagous Coleoptera. 211 

3. intermedillS. LeConte. Bost. Journ. Nat. Hist. Habi- 

tat in provinciis occidentalibus. 

4. Sllbterraneus. Fabr. Habitat ubique : striae elytrales 

obsolete punctata?, saepe fere laeves. 

5. vicinilS. Chaudoir. loc. cit. 

af finis. LeConte. Bost. Journ. Nat. Hist. Habitat 

6. patruelis. LeConte, ibid. Habitat in provinciis australi- 

denticollis? Chaudoir loc. cit. 


1. depressUS? Fabr. Syst. Eleuth. 

LeConte. Annals of the Lyceum Nat. Hist. Vol. 
IV. Habitat in Georgia. 

2. morio. LeConte. ibid. Habitat in provinciis australibus. 

3. punctlllatus. Haldeman. Proceed. Ac. Nat. Sc. Ha- 

bitat in provinciis australibus, et ad Rocky Mountains. 

4. laevis. LeConte. An. Lye. Habitat in NovaCaesarea. 

5. elongatllS. LeConte. ibid. Habitat in territorio Missou- 


6. obsoletUS. LeConte. ibid. Habitat ad Rocky Mountains. 

7. SllbstriatUS. LeConte. Proceed. Ac. Nat. Sc. et An. 

Lye. Habitat insulam Longam, NovEboraci. 

8. assimilis. LeConte. An. Lye. Habitat in provinciis aus- 


9. rugOSUS. LeConte. ibid. Habitat in provincia NovaCae- 


10. Sllblaevis. Beauvois. Ins. d'Amer. Habitat in Georgia. 

11. subsulcatus. Say. Trans. Am. Phil. Soc. Habitat in 

provinciis australibus. 

12. mar gin at US. Fabr. Syst. Eleuth. 

212 Catalogue of the Gcodcphagous Colcoptera. 

sulcatus. MacLeay. Dej. Cat. Habitat in provinciis 
australibus coramunius. 

CLIVINA. p. Dej. et aliis. 

1. crenatus. Dej. 

bipuStulattlS. Say. Trans. Am. Phil. Soc. 
$ It U in trails. Chaudoir. loc. cit. (exemplum immaturum.) 
Habitat in provinciis australibus communins : interstitia ely- 
tralia in mare paulo latiora quam in faemina. 

2. subangulatus. Chaudoir. ibid. Habitat ad Rocky 

Mountains et Novum Aurelianum. 

3. viridis. Say. Trans. Am. Phil. Soc. 
rOStratUS. Dej. Habitat ubique rarius. 

4. spliacri coll is. Say. Trans. Am. Phil. Soc. Habitat 

ubique rarius. 

5. pumi lllS. Dej. Sp. Gen. Habitat ubique. 

6. globlll OS US. Say. Habitat ad Lacum Superiorem, et 

Rocky Mountains. 

7. liaemorrhoidalis. Dej. Sp. Gen. Habitat in provinciis 

mediis et occidentalibus. 

8. *tcrniinatUS. Niger, clytris ceneis, apice obscure rvfis 

striatopunctatis ; pedibus, abdomincque rufo-piceis. 
Long. -135, lat -045. Habitat NovEboraci. 
Elongatus niger nitidus ; Jrons utrinque oblique profunde stri- 
ata ; ocull valde exstantes ; palpi et antenna rufie. Thorax 
sub-globosus, convexus : impressione transversa anteriore valde 
angulata, vix distincta, linea longitudinali ornnino obliterata. 
Elytra aenea, nitida, apice obscure rufa, latitudme thoracem 
aequantia, elongata, versus apicein levissime attenuata, rotunda- 
ta, striata ; striis leviter punctatis, ad tricntem ab apice obsole- 
lis, prima integra, ad apiccm incurvata ; interstitio tertio punc- 

Catalogue of the Geodephagous Coleoptera. 213 

tis tribus impressis. Abdomen nifo-piceum^e^Ze* obscure run. 
D. hsemorrhoidalem (Dej.) refert. 

CLIVINA. Latreille. 

1. dentipes. Dej. Habitat in provinciis australibus rarius. 

2. bipustulata. Fabr. Syst. Eleuth. 

a, macula quoque humerali.=4-?W«C?/ lat (I. Beauvois 
et Say. Habitat ubique. 

3. convex a. LeConte. Proceed. Ac. Nat. Sc. of Phil. Habi- 

tat in provinciis australibus rarius. Long. "205 lat. *06. 
Priorem valde refert : multo minor : caput impressionibus 
brevioribus ; linea transversa pone oculos, quae in C. bipustula- 
ta valde obsoleta, in hac satis distincta est. Thorax antice latior, 
angulis anticis rectioribus, et minus rotundatis ; convexior, linea 
longitudinali multo leviore, et impressione transversa anteriore, 
vix distincta. Elytra eadem ac in C. bipustulata. 

4. impressifrons. LeConte. ibid. Habitat cum priore. 

Long. -2G, lat. -07. 
Cylindrica, obscure rufa, caput utrinque impressione longa, 
lata, profunda, lineaque mediana profunda ; pone oculos trans- 
verse impressum. Thorax latitudiue summa longior, parallelus, 
postice rotundatus, angulis anticis rectis vix rotundatis, impres- 
sione transversa anteriore tenui et profunda, margini subapprox- 
imata, linea longitudinali distincta ; impressionibus basalibus 
linearibus, distinctis. Elytra parallela, elnngata, apice rotun- 
data, profunde striata, striis punctatis, obsoletius versus apicem: 
interstitio quarto punctis 4 vel 5 parvis. 

5. americana. Dej. Sp. Gen. In provinciis australibus. 

6. striatopunctata. Dej. Sp. Gen. Cum priore. 

7. *postica. Nigra, nitida ; thorace angulis anticis suhrectis, 

elytra profunde striatopunctata, macula suhapicali 
obscnre rufa. Long. "21 lat. "005. Habitat ad Rocky 
C. striatopunctatam refert : caput idem, oculis minus promi- 

214 Catalogue of the Geodephagous Coleoptcra. 

nentibus ; thorax latior, convexior, brevior, lateribus fere paral- 
lelis posticcvix ampliatis, angulis anticis rectioribus, paulo magis 
rotundatis ; impressionibus sicut in C. striatopunctata. Elytra 
paulo latiora et brcviora, striis paulo profundioribus, macula 
parva, rotunda, obscure rufa prope apicem. Pedes nigro-picei. 

8. pallida. Say. Trans. Am. Phil. Soc. 

rttfescens. Dej. Sp. Gen. Habitat in provinciis aus- 

9. lilieolata. Say. Trans. Am. Phil. Soc. 

acilducta? Haldeman. Proceed. Ac. Nat. Sc. 

Slllcifrons. Dej. Cat. Habitat ubique rarius. Long. 
•185 lat. -055. 

Nigro-aenea, vel obscure rufo-picea : frons antice impressa, 
lineaque transversa, tenui notata ; inter oculos profunde 5 vel 7 
striata, stria media lata excavata, sulcata; interstitiis linearibus, 
elevatis, acutis, duobus mediis antice productis. Caput pone 
oculos subito constrictum. Thorax subpentagonus, antice paulo 
angustatus, angulis anticis fere rectis ; posticis valde obtusis, sed 
non rotundatis, basi utrinque recta, valde obliqua ; impressioni- 
bus transversis, lineaque longitudinali profundis ; basalibus pro- 
fundis, linearibus, antice productis, ad marginem anticum fere 
extendentibus. Elytra thorace paulo latiora, profunde striato- 
punctata, interstitiis convexis, angustis, punctis paucis. Antenna 
et pedes rufo-picei. 

10. # sulcata, llufa ; front c sulcata ; thorace angulis posticis 
rot a m) '<i tis, impressionibus basalibus elongatis ; elytris 
profunde striatis. Long. -1G lat. "05. Habitat Nov- 
Pcfert priorom, sed anguslior et magis rylindrica. Rufa; 
frons Mcut in C.lineolata ; oculis minus exstantibus ; caput postice 
minus ((iiistrictum. Thorax aogustior, convexior, antice \i\ an- 
L'u-i.itus, rmirulis anticis obtusis; posticis valde obtusis et rotun- 
datis n'ik distinctis; impressionibus transversis el lines longitu- 
dinali profundis: basalibus linearibus, rectis, profundioribus, ante 

Catalogue of the Geodephagous Coleoptera. 215 

medium extendentibus. Elytra angustiora, magis, cylindrica, apice 
magis rotundata ; profunde striata, striis impunctatis, interstitio 
tertio punctis duobus. 

11. * frontalis. Rufa, depressior : f route sulcata thorace 
angulis jjosticis obliteratis ; impressionibus basalibns 
rectis, product is ; el ytris profunde striatopunctatis, in- 
terstitio tertio, quinto et scptimo serie punctorum. 
Long. -145 lat. -04. Habitat WestcbesterCo., N. Y. 
A Dom. Jac. Thompson, benevole datus. 
Praecedentes duos refert, depressior, et magis parallelus. 
Rufa; caput et frons sicut in C. sulcata, striis paulo minus pro- 
fundis. Thorax antice non angustatus, angulis fere rectis, vix 
rotundatis ; lateribus usque ad medium leviter rotundatis, dein 
usque ad basin subito rotundato-contractis, angulis posticis om- 
nino obliteratis : disco planuisculus ; impressionibus transversis 
sicut in priore, linea longitudinali valde profunda. Elytra de- 
planata, parallela, apice obtuse rotundata, profunde striato-punc- 
tata, punctis postice obsoletis, interstitio tertio, quinto et septimo, 
serie punctorum, 7 vel 8. 

Speciei huicce C. amphibia (Hald. loc. cit. sup.) forte pertinet. 
Descriptio tamen ejus imperfecta et nimis concisa ; seriebus 
punctorum interstitialibus non meminit ; ceteris cum insecto 
nostro quadrat. 


DyschirillS morio. Dej. Sp. Gen. Habitat in provin- 

ciis australibus. 

puncticollis. Dej. Sp. Gen. 

pallipennis. Say. Trans. Am. Phil. Soc. 

Habitat in provinciis mediis. 
Clivina elongata. Randall Journ. Bost. Soc. Nat. Hist. 

Vol. I. Habitat in Massachusetts. 

216 Catalogue of the Geodephagous Coleoptcra. 

Sub. Fain. III. — Harpalides. — Westwood. 
Harpal'uhe. — McLcay. 
Th oracici. — L at. 

Divisio 1. — Fcronidea. — Westwood. 
Feronicns. — Dej. 
Simplicimani. — L at. 

MORIO. Lat. 
i Georgia C. Pal. de Beauv. Ins. d'Am. 
tilO ntlh'Ornis. Lat. : Dej. Sp. Gen. 
COSt (it US. Germar. Abundat in provinciis australibus. 

PATROBUS. Megerle. 
I. loilgicorilis. Say. Trans. Am. Phil. Soc. 

amcricanuS. Dej. Sp. Gen. Habitat in provinciis me- 


I distinffUC 11 dllS. Le Conte. Proceed. Ac. Nat. S. of Phila. 

Vol. I. 
Color omnino sicut in C. gregario ; forma paulo angnstior, 
nitidior. Caput omnino idem, oculis tamen minoribus minus 
exstantibus. Thorax antice magis rotundatus, angulis anticis 


magis prominentibus acutiusculis, postice levissime rctractus, 
angulis posticis obtusis, subrotundatis ; margine lato deprcsso 
antice evanescente, leviter reflexo (in C. gregario piano;) linea 
longitudinali fere obliterate, impressione transversa anteriore 
valde angulata, posteriore recta, ambabus indistinctis, basalibus 
nullis; antice valde convexus, disco medio leviter convexus, ver- 
sus basin subdepressus. Elytra subparallela, leviter convexa, 
Btriia paulo profundioribus quam in C. gregario, tertio punctis 3 
majusculis. Long. '44 lat. '17. Habitat in Ueorgia rarissime. 

Catalogue of the Gcodephagous Coleoptera. 217 

2. gregarius. Say. Trans. Am. Phil. Soc. Habitat ubique. 


1. impimctata. Say. Trans. Am. Phil. Soc. Vol. II. (Fe- 

americana. Dej. Sp. Gen. Habitat in provinciis me- 
diis rarius. 

2. *corvina. 

am eric anus. Le Conte loc. cit. sup. (Pristonychus.) 

Angustior nigra nitida; thorace subquadrato, postice 

leviter deplanato, elytris profunde striatis, punctis tri- 

bus hnpressis, antennis pedibusquc rujls. Long. *43 

lat. *15. Habitat in Georgia rarissime. 

Angustior, nigra nitida. Caput subtriangulare oculis parvis 

vix prominulis, laeve, irapressionibus frontalibus subrotundatis ; 

antenna?, palpique run. Thorax subquadratus, antice leviter 

emarginatus, vix angustatus, lateribus modice rotundatus, angu- 

lis posticis obtusis, basi utrinque obliquo, medio recto ; modice 

convexus, versus basin leviter depressus, rugulis|indistinctis trans- 

versis medio notatus ; pone medium margine angusto, reflexo, 

versis basin crescente ; impressione transversa anteriore nulla, 

posteriore recta, distincta, linea longitudinali utrinque paulo ab- 

breviata, basalibus subrotundatis, profundis, subtiliter rugosis, 

striola brevi longitudinali signatis. Elytra subparallela apice 

rotundata, profunde striata, interstitio tertio punctis 3 validiori- 

bus. Pedes cum coxis saturate run. 

Obs. — A P. impunctata forma angustiore, thorace antice non 
angustato, postice subdepresso ; punctorum necnon serie ely- 
trali marginali minus profunda differt. 

3. * ad Vena. Nigra nitida subdepressa, thorace subquadrato, 

postice subangustato, impressionibus profundis, elytris 
striatis punctis duobus impressis. antennis pedibusquc 
piceo-brunneis. Long. '39, lat. .145. Habitat prope 
fines Aquilones a Dom. Brevoort amicissime data. 

218 Catalogue of the Gcodephagous Coleoptera. 

Habitus fere Anchomenorum quorundam, sed ad hoc genus 
recte pertinet. Nigra, nitida, subdepressa. Caput subtriangu- 
lare, postice retractum, oculis magis exstantibus, laeve impres- 
sionibus frontalibus parvis, subrotundatis ; antennae piceae, arti- 
culo prime- cum palpis rufo-piceis. Thorax subquadratus antice 
leviter emarginatus, vix angustatus, angulis anticis deflexis, late- 
ribus subleviter rotundatus, postice subangustatus, basi medio late 
recto, ad latera paulo obliquo, angulis posticis valde obtusis leviter 
rotundatis ; margine pone medium valde reflexo, versus basin levi- 
ter crescente ; disco antice modiceconvexus, postice subdepressus, 
laevissimus ; linea longitudinali tenui valde impressa, utrinque 
abbreviata, impressione transversa anteriore valde angulata, pos- 
teriore recta, ambabus profundis, basabbus profundis, antice ad 
medium fere obsolete prolongatis, ad basin striola brevissima 
notatis. Elytra subplana, tborace sesqui latiora, apice rotun- 
data, profunde tenuiter striata, interstitio tertio punctis 2 prope 
6triam secundam, lmo ad medium, 2nda paulo pone dodrantem. 
Pedes piceo-brunnei. 

Optime haec species Pristodactylam cum Pristonycho conjun- 

RHADINE. gen. nov. 

Corpus gracillimum, medio profunde constrictum, abdomine 
brevilatiusculo, supra depressum.subtusconvexum. 

Caput rliomboideum ore acuto, pone oculos valde retractum. 

Labrum planum, latitudine non brevius, lateribus rectis, antice 

Oculi mediocres, prominuli. 

Mentum lateribus leviter rotundatum, antice profunde emargi- 
natum, dente valido sirnplici instructum ; angulis 
anticis acutis porrcctis. 

Palpi subelongati filiformes, articulo ultimo leviter ovali, max- 
ilhuium extcrnorum penultimo sequante, apice trun- 
cato ; labialium penultimo sesijui breviore, apice 
vix truncato, fere rotundato. 

Catalogue of the Geodephagous Coleoptera. 219 

Antenna elongatae, setaceae, articulo primo crassiore ; 2n<lo <J U - 
plo breviore tenuioreque; 3io valde elongato, sequen- 
tes duos longitudine aequante ; 4to sequentibus 
paulo longiore, reliquis longitudine sensim descres- 
centibus, ultimo apice acuminato. 
Thorax capite paulo latior, postice valde retractus, ab elytrie 

remotus, cordatus. 
Elytra breviuscula, ovalia, apice oblique profunde sinuatim iuici- 

sa; connata. 
Pedes valde elongati, tibiae spinulosae ; tarsi graciles, postici 
valde elongati, articulo omnium l 1 " elongato, se- 
quentibus tribus longitudine aequaliter descrescenti- 
bus, ultimo praecedentes duos aequante ; ungues 
Prosternum postice prominens, compressum. 

O^s. — Genus Platynum appropiuquat, sedantennarumlabiique 
structura ei abhorret. Antennarum articulo tertio elongato cum 
Sphodro convenit, cui tamen dens labialis blfidus. 
1. *larvalis. Pallide rufo-picea, nitidissima ; tJiorace cordato, 
postice valde angustato, margine lato rejlexo, clytris 
ohsoletissime sti'iatis, margine valde rejlexo. Long. 
•41, lat. -15. Habitat in vicinia urbis St. Louis : a 
Dom. Encrelman benevolo datus. 
Insectum insigne. Tota dilute rufo-picea, nitidissima. Caput 
laeve, linea transversa inter antennas, impressioneque parva an- 
tica incurva notatum : impressionibus frontalibus, latis leviter 
rugosis, linea longitudinali obliqua impressis. Thorax cordatus, 
capite paulo latior, latitudine summa longior, antice profunde 
emarginatus, angulis anticis rotundatis, lateribus usque ad me- 
dium valde rotundatus, dein recte retractus, basi latitudinis 
summae dimidium aequante, leviter emarginato ; margine toto 
lato valde reflexo, versus basin cresccnte, et toti basis trien- 
tem aequante, angulis posticis valde elevatis, obtusis, dcnte minu- 
to prominulo instructis : disco planus, impressione transversa 
anteriore fere nulla, posteriore profunda, antice acute angulata, 

220 Catalogue of the Gcodcpliagous Colcoptcra. 

Ilnea longitudinal] fortissimo impressa, basalibus lincaribus, lon- 
gis, obliquis. Scutellum minutum apice acutum. Elytra basi 
angustissima, a thorace pedicello brevi rcmota, ovalia, thorace 
sesqui latiora, latitudine summa vix duplo longiora, apice pro- 
funde sinuato-incisa, margine acute reflexo et elevato, pone qua- 
drantem latiorc. cum plica acuta basali elevata conncxo ; obso- 
letissime striata, striis externis bic illic obsolete punctatis, serie 
punctorum marginali valde profunda. 


1. Crytliropus. Dej. Sp. Gen. Habitat ill provincial Nov- 

Eboraci parte occidentali. 

2. angll Status. Dej. ibid. Habitat cum priore. 


1. d e c c n t i s (d e c c n S.) Say. Trans. Am. Phil. Soc. 
gag ates. Mels. Cat.; Dej. Sp. Gen. Habitat ubique. 

2. *COracillUS. Aptcms, niger,nitidw; thorace subquadrato, 

posticc rctracto, basi punctato, chjtris 2 } i'°fundissime 
striatis. Long. -57, lat. "215. Habitat NovEboraci 
Habitus omnino precedents, multo major : thorace tamen 
posticc paulo magis rctracto, impressionibus omnibus profundus, 
margine reflexo ; minus convexo, basi toto confertissime subtil- 
ius punctato, punctis fere ad medium Tersus latera extendenti- 
bus. In A. decente autem thoracis basis sparse subtilissimi 
punctatus est. Elytra profundissime striata, striis impunctatia 
interstitiis angustis, valde convexis, tertio punctis 3 parvis. 

3. ginuatUS. Dej. Sp. Gen. Habitat NovEboraci. Thorace 

latiorc quam in A. decente, antice minus rotundato, 
sed magis ampliato, postice multo minus retracto, 
basi toto confertim subtilius punctato, sed punctie 
antice noo extendentibus, Bicut in A coracino ; im- 

Catalogue of the Geodepkagous Coleoptcra. 221 

pressionibus basalibus brevioribus facile dignosci 
potest species haecce. Elytra profundius quam in 
A. dccente striata, striis obsoletissime subtilissime 

4. depresSUS. Hakleman Proceed. Ac. Nat. Sc. of Phila. 
n tg € r r i in U S . Dej. Cat. Habitat NovEboraci. 

Praecedentibus simillimus, paulo depression Ca- 
put impressionibus frontalibus minoribus, profundior- 
ibus. Thorax fere sicut in A. decente ; postice ta- 
men minus retractus, minus convexus, margine tcnui 
reflexo picescente; impressionibus profundis, basali- 
bus brevioribus, confertim minus subtiliter punctatis : 
disco indistincte rugosus. Elytra profundius stria- 
ta striis leviter punctatis, interstitiis leviter convexis. 
tertio punctis 3 majusculis. 

5. COrvinilS. Dej. Sp. Gen. Habitat in provinciis australibus. 

a. Supra nigro-piceus, subtus rufo-piceus, pedibus paulo di- 

6. deplanatus. Chaudoir. Bull, de Mqscou, 
marginalis. Haldeman. Proceed. Ac. Nat. Sc. Vol. I. A 

prascedente vix differt, thorace paulo breviore, pos- 
tice minus retracto, elytris planioribus, antice magis 
emarginatis, postice magis oblique, minus profunde 
sinuatis, aegre cognoscendus. Dubitandum est nc 
species Haldemaniana ad banc, vel ad scquentem 
speciem referri debeat ; specimen tamen ab ei recep- 
tum ad banc speciem rite pertinet. 

7. * ill a r 2' i 11 a t U S. Depressus, niger, nitidus, thorace marg. 

piceo late reflexo, elytris striatis punctis 3-minoril 
Long. -42,lat. -1L3. Habitat NovEboraci rarii 
Depressus, nigcr, nitidus ; antenna, nigrae, pedes picei. Caput 
laeve, impressionibus profundis. Thorax capite sesqui Iatiore, 
latitudine summa paulo brevior, subquadratus, antice emargina- 
tus, angulis anticis subporrectis, apice rotundatis, lateribus usque 

222 Catalogue of the Geodephagous Coleoptcra. 

ad medium ampliatis, non rotundatis, ad medium rotundato a»- 
gulatis, dein retractis, latitudiuc basali apicalem aequante, mar- 
gine toto lato valde reflcxo, piceo; disco modice deplanatus, 
laevis ; impressionibus omnibus satis profundus, linca longitudi- 
nali tenui. Elytra depressiuscula, versus apicem leviter sinuata, 
striata, interstitiis modice convexis, tertio punctis 3 minoribus. 

8. * t C 11 U ic ol 1 i S. Gracilis; dejrressus, niger, nitidus, tkarace 
marginc rejlexo piceo, ehjtris tcnuiter striatis, punctis 
trihus minoribus. Long. "38, lat. "135. Habitat ad 
cataractam Sancta3 Maria?, (Sault de Ste. Marie.) 
Gracilis, angustus, depress us, niger, nitidus. Antenna: fere cor- 
poris longitudine, attenuate, nigra?, articulis 3 glabris. Palpi 
nigri, apice picei. Caput elongatum. Thorax capite vix latior, 
latitudiuc non longior, subquadratus, antice emarginatus angulis 
obtusis, lateribus leviter rotundato-ampliatis, po.stice retractis, 
latitudine basali apicali paulo minore ; margine toto laterali late 
reflexo, piceo ; disco modice convexus, kevissimus ; impressioni- 
bus transversis valde profundis, anteriore medio acute angulata, 
linea longitudinali fortitcr impress a, basalibus elongatis, non pro- 
fundis. Elytra thorace vixsesqui latiora, elongata, subdepressa, 
subparallela, apice sinuata, tcnuiter satis profunde striata, striis 
obsoletissime punctatis, interstitiis fere planis, tertio punctis '■'• 

;>. elongatulus. Dej. Sp. Gen. 

obscuvdtus. Chaudoir. Bull, de Moscou. Deacripdo ad 
feminam pertinet, descriptio autem Dejeaniana ad 
marem. Habitat in provinciis australibua et Nov- 

10. e Xtensic Ollis. Say. Trans. Am. Phil. Soc. Habitat 


var. L c C o it I ( i . I>ij. Cat. ; LeConte,loc. cit. sup. 

11. *viri(lis. Subcyaneo-viridis nitidus, thorace hasi subtiliter 

punctata, elytru striatis, instertitiis planis, tertio pane 

Catalogue of the Gcodephagous Coleoptera. 223 

tis duobus majusculis, antennarnm articulis tribus, 
palpis pedibusquc ferrugineis. Long - 39, lat. "15. 
Habitat in Indiana ad flumen Ohio. 
Depressiusculus, subcyaneo-viridis, nitidns. Antenna fuscae, 
articulis 3 primis testaceo-ferrugineis. Palpi testacei, labrum 
piceum. Caput laeve, impressionibus parvis. Thorax capite 
paulo latior, latitudinc summa paulo longior, subquadratus, antice 
vix emarginatus, angulis anticis subacutis, lateribus leviter rotun- 
datis, pone medium retractis, basi apicc angustiore, angulis pos- 
ticis obtusis, valde rotundatis, margine non reflcxo ; disco antice 
modice convexus, basi toto dense minus subtiliter punctatus ; im- 
pressionibus transversis inconspicuis, linea longitudinal] integra, 
profunda, basalibus profundis, linea brevi basali indistincta nota- 
tis, antice obsoletissime prolongatis. Elytra striata, striis subtil- 
iter punctatis, interstitiis latis, accurate planis, tertio punctis 2 
pone medium. Subtus niger, pedes cum coxis ferruginei. 

12. dec OF US. Say. Trans. Am. Phil- Soc. 

a Thorace rufo, laevissimo, elytrorum striis leviter pnncta- 
tis, interstitiis obsoletissime punctatis fere laevibus. 

Anchomenus thoracictis. Dej.Sp.Gen. 

/S Thorace rufo, laevissimo, elytrorum striis impnnctatis, in- 
terstitiis subtilius punctatis. 

y Thorace rufo, ad latera levissime sparse punctato, elytro- 
rum striis impunctatis, interstitiis evidenter densius 

$ Thorace rufo viridi-aereo obscurato, ad latera levissime 
sparse punctato : elytris laete viridibus, sicut in (y) 

t Thorace obscure viridi, ad latera sparse levissime punc- 
tato : elytris sicut in ('/). 
Species ad libitum varians ; habitat unique; varietates has 
omnes ad lacus Onondaga littora iriveni. 

13. * obscUl'llS. Obscure ccnru.s, thorace deplanato, ad latera 

obsolete punctato, elytris striatis, interstitiis punctatis, 

224 Catalogue of the Gcodcpliagous Colcoptcra. 

tertio punctis 6 majusculis, antcnnarum basi, pcJibus- 
ij/ic obscure fcmigi in is. Long. "34, lat. *14. Habitat 
ad lacum Onondaga. 
Varietatem (e) prioris maxime refert Antenna piceo-nigrae, 
articulo primo ferrugineo. Palpi picei. ( -aput antice attenua- 
tum, postice subtilitcr punctulatuin, impressionibus frontalibus 
linearibus, profundis, cum oculorum margine conflucntibus. Tho- 
rax capite Besqui latior, latitudine summa vix brevior, subquad- 
ratus, antice lcviter emarginatus, angulis anticis obtusis leviter 
rotund at is, lateribus modice rotundatis ct ampliatis, posticc levi- 
ter retractus, latitudine basali apicalem sequante; subdeprcssus, 
ad latcra postice parce subtilius punctatus; impressionibus trans- 
versis inconspicuis, linea longitudinal! tenui, postice abbreviata, 
basalibus subobliquis - , antice minus profundis, linea brevi basali 
notatis : carina brcvissima ad angulum posteriorem, acujus dilata- 
tione eminentia parva oritur. Elytra obscure aenea, viridi mar- 
ginal;!, it nuitur profunda striata, Btriis impunctatis, intcrstitiis 
levissime convexis, tertio punctis (> vel 7 sicut in A. dccoro 
positis. Subtus nigro-virescens ; pedes jiicei. 


1. O C t O J) 11 11 C t a 1 11 111 . Fabr. Syst. Eleutb. Habitat ubique. 

2. erY thropiim. Kirliy-Ric^liardson. Fauna Bor.Am. Hab- 

itat ad Mississippi Bcaturigines et ad Rocky Moun- 

3. on* a lis. Say. Trans. Am. Phil. Soc. Habitat ad Rocky 

Mountains rarius. 

4. c u pr i i> e n m e. Say. ibid. 

for m o> u m . St unn Cat. 
metallicum. Mela. Cat. Habitat ubique. 

5. * <• li ;i I c (> m ni . Robustius, supra ameum nitidum, elytria tho- 

racc nun latioribus, striatis, intcrstitiis plants, tertio 

Catalogue of the Geodcphagous Coleoptera. 225 

punctis 3 impressis. Long. "335, lat. "13. Hab- 
itat ad Lacum Superiorem. 
Robustius, aeneo-nigrum, supra aeneum, nitidum. Caput laeve, 
antice obtusum, impressionibus non profundis. Antenna; et palpi 
toti nigri. Thorax capite plus sesqui latior, latitudine summa 
paulo brevior, antice profunda emarginatus, angulis posticis oV 
tusissimis valde rotund atis, basi medio leviter emarginato, mar- 
gine lateral! pone medium anguste reilexo : disco leviter convcxus ; 
impressionibus transversis inconspicuis, postcriore profundiore, 
linealongitudinali tenuissima, integra,basalibus modice profundis, 
antice obsolete prolongatis, punctis paucis indistinctis, lineaque 
basali externe recurva notatis. Elytra thorace nun laaora, npice 
vix sinuata, striata, striis laevissimis, interstitiis accurate planis, 
tertio punctis 3 majusculis. 

6. nitidlillim. Dej. Sp. Gen. Habitat ad lacum Sabulosam 

prope Mississippi scaturigines. 

7. Cliprcum. Dej. Sp. Gen. Habitat ad Cataractam Sanctaj 


8. melanariu m . Dej. Sp. Gen. 

coll are. Say. Trans. Am. Phil. Sue. N. S. Vol. IV. 

lil (I U V U in. Flald. Proc. Ac. Nat. Sc. of Phila. 
p till (it U Hi . Sturm. Cat. Habitat ubique. 

9. Ql O e TC11S. Dej. ibid. Habitat NovEboraci rarius. 

10. Harrisii. Nigrum, nitidum, thorace subquadrato, antice 

leviter angusiato, angulis posticis rotundatis, elytris 
tcnuiter striatis, striis obaoletissime punctatis, punctis- 
que 3 impressis. Long. • 1, lat. ■ 1 7. Habitat in Mas- 
sachusetts, a Dom Harris tectum. 
Praecedenti simi'limum ; paulo major, thorace latiore. Totum 
nigrum, nitidum : caput, impressionibus frontalibus ad oculorum 
margin em prolongatis, tenuibus. Thorax capite duplo latior, 
latitudine summa paulo brevior, subquadratus, antice leviter 

226 Catalogue of the Gcodephagous Coleoptera. 

ann-ustntus latcribus valde, basi leviter rotuiulatus, angulis pos- 
ticis obtusis, modice rotundatis; disco vix convexus, transversim 
leviter rugosus : impressionibus transversis debilibus, anteriore 
angulata, paulo distinction, linea longitudinali utrinque abbrevi- 
ata, satis profunda, basalibus magnis, rotundatis, non profundis, 
punctis paucis impressis. Elytra thorace latiora, subparallela 
apice rotundata, levissimc sinuata ; striata, striis obsoletissime 
punctatis; interstitiis Lcvissime convexis, tertio punctis 3 im- 

A pnecede ite differt thorace latiorc antice magis angustato, 
latcribus basique minus rotundatis, angulis posticis minus rotun- 
datis ; striis elytrorum inconspicue punctatis, interstitiis minus 

11. niorosum. Dej. Sp. Gen. Habitat ubique. 

12. *pic6lim. Rufo-piceum, nitidum, capitc thoraccquc ohscuriore, 

hoc subquadrato, angulis post ids obtusis, rotundatis, 

elytris prqfunde striatic, punctisque 3 impressis. Long. 

•2S lat. -12, Massachusetts: a Dom. Harris bencvole 

Agonum piccum. Harris Cat. 

Rufo-piccum nitidum, capite, thorace, antennis, palpisque ob- 
scurioribus. Caput rhomboideum, rugulia paucis inter impres- 
Biones frontales et oculos. Thorax caj)ite fere duplo latior, 
latitudine Bumma paulo brevior, aubquadratus, antice paulo an- 
gustatus, latcribus valde rotundatus, basi parum rotundatus, angu- 
lis posticis valde obtusis, apice leviter rotundatis ; disco subplan us, 
leviter rugosus ; margine versus angulos posticos indistincte de- 
prcsso; impressionibus transversis distinctis, linea longitudinali 
Integra, basalibus latis, non profundia, subtilius rugosis, eminen- 
tia parva obsoletisaima adangulum. "Elytra thorace fere Besqui 
latiora, transversim modice convexa, apice rotundata, vix sinuata , 
profunde Btriata, interstitiis modice convexis, tertio punctis .'{ 
impressis, duobua posticis ad striam Becundam sitis. Subtua 
totnin rufo-piceum. 

Catalogue of the Geodcphagous Colcoptcra. 227 

13. nutans. Say. Trans. Am. Phil. Soc. 

femoratum. Mels. Cat.; Dej. Sp. Gen. Habitat in pro 
vinciis occidentalibus et ad Rocky Mountains. 

14. *basale. JEneo-nigrum, supra (tneum nitidum, thorace 

subvircsccnte, elytris prqfunde striatis, punctisaue 3 

minoribus, antcnnarum articulo primo, pcdibusquc fer- 

rugineis. Long. -30, lat. "115. Habitat ad Rocky 

Mountains ra'rius. 

Gracile, aeneo-nigrum, supra jencum, nitidum. Palpi nigri, 

antennae nigra?, articulo primo ferrugineo. Caput antice angus- 

tum, impressionibus frontalibus linearibus, profundis. Thorax 

capite paulo latior, latitudine summa vix longior, antice vix 

emarginatus, angnlis defiVxis, lateribus rotundatus, leviter ampli- 

atus, postice retractus, latitudine basali apicali vix angustior, basi 

utrinque obliquo, angulis posticis obtusis, valde rotundatis ; disco 

convexus, laevis ; impressionibus transversis modice distinctis, 

linealongitudinali postice paulo abbreviata, basalibus sat magnis, 

profundis, toto cum basi subtilius minus dense punctatis, purpu- 

reo-micantibus ; tuberculo parvo ad angulum thoracis extimum 

inconspicuo. Elytra profunde striata, interstitiis convexis, tertio 

punctis 3 minoribus. Pedes cum coxis ferruginei. 

15. excavatum. Dej. Sp. Gen. Habitat ubique rarius. 

16. Striatopunctatum. Dej. ibid. Habitat in provinces 

australibus rarius. 

17. acrugillOSUm. Dej. ibid. Habitat ubique rarius. 

18. p 1 a C i d U m . Say. Trans. Am. Phil. Soc. Habitat ad la- 

cum Superiorem communius, NovEboracum rarius. 
Trochanteres antici et intcrmedii plerumque picei, raro ob- 
scure rubri; thorax latus, ita ut transversus fere videtur; elytra 
tenuiter striata, interstitio ter'.io punctis 3 vel 4 minoribus. 

19. b C 111 b i d i O i d C S . Kirdy loc. cit. sup. (Sericoda.) 
Insectum hoc a eel. Dom. Kirby sub nomine Sericoda bembi- 

dioide descriptum, in hoc genere rite adscribendum est. In spe- 

228 Udogue of the Geodephagotu Colcoptera. 

eimine Kirbyano, dod solum descriptione, see etiam icone accu- 
ral. • inspecta, palpus maxillaris (a Kirbyo 5-articulatus habitus) 
mutilatus videtur. Specimina quatuor, qu83 ad Lacum Superio- 
ic!:] obtinui, cbaracteribus omnibus* bujus generis gaudent. 

20. ferreum. Haldeman. Proceed. Ac. Nat. Sc. of Phila. 

Yiriih sa nti -nigrum, nit id um , elytris profunde striatis, 

striis antice crenatis, antennarum basi, tibiis tarsisque 

fcrruginco-jnillidis. Long. -30, lat. "125. Habitat 

NovEboraci rarius. 

\ igro-virescens nitidum. Antenna, nigrae, articulis tribua pri- 

mis ferrugiueis. Palpi picei. Caput laeve, impressionibus line- 

aribus, profundis, curvatis. Thorax subrotundatus, latitudine 

suinma vix longior, postice leviter retractus, angulis posticis ob- 

lusis, rotund atis, basi levissime emarginato; disco modice con- 

vexus, basi toto dense minus subtilitcr punctatus : ii ioni- 

bus transversis distinctis Bed non profundis, linea longitudinal] 

bi-ni- notata, antice paulo abbreviata, basalibus valde profundis. 

Elytra convexa, apice levitei siuuata; profunde striata, striis 

antice crenatis, postice impunctatis, minus profundis ; interstitiis 

convexis. Femora nigro-picea, tibia el tarn ferrugineo-pallidk 

21. * retract 11 in . Nigrum, nitidum, thorace subrotundato, pas- 

tier retracto, margine laterali postice reflexo, elytris 
profunde striatis, punctis tribus impressis, antenna- 
rum basi, pedibttsque ferrugineis. Lon "255, lat. 
'1')."). Ilaliiiat ad Lacum Superiorem rarius. 
Gracile, nigrum, nitidum. Autumn- fuscae, basi ferruginae. 
Cdjiut laeve, impressionibus linearibus, cum oculorum margine 
confluentibus. Thorax latitudine sum ma \i\ loncrior. subrotun- 


datus, antice emarginatus, angulis anticis <>l>iu-is, lateribus ro- 
tundatus, pone medium leviter retractus, angulis posticis obtusis 
valde rotundatis, latitudine basal i apicali minore; margine late- 
ral!, pone medium tenuiter reflexo; disco leviter convexusj im- 
pre none transversa anteriore vix conspicua, posteriore recta; 
basalibus longis, linearibus, satis Lmprcssis. Elytra latiuscula, 

Catalogue of the Geodephagous Coleoptcra. 229 

apice vix sinuata, profunde striata, striis omnino laevibus, inter- 
stitiis motlice convexis, tertio punctis 3 minoribus. Pedes cum 
coxis rufo-ferrugineis. 

22. * d e c i p i e n s . 

afjilie. Dej. Cat. Nigrum subviresccns, thorace postice 

levissime rctracto, impressionibus basalibus fovcolifor- 

mibus, ehjtris tenuiter profunde striatls, punctis quin- 

que imprcssis, pcdibus dilute ])iccis. Long. *27, lat. 

•11. Habitat in Georgia rarius. 

Nigrum, subvirescens, nitidum. Antcnnce omnino nigra?, palpi 

picei. Caput laave, impressionibus linearibus, cum oculorum 

margine confluentibus. Thorax subrotundatus, antice vix emar- 

ginatus, postice subangustatus, angulis anticis deflexis, posticis 

valde obtusis, rotundatisque, latitudine basali apicali minore ; 

disco convexus, impressionibus transversis levibus, posteriore 

evidentiore, linea longitudinali integra, profunda, basalibus ro- 

tundatis, profundis, linea brevissima ad basin non extendente 

notatis. Elytra tenuiter profunde striata, striis antice leviter 

punctulatis, interstitiis levissime convexis, tertio punctis 5 im- 

pressis. Pedes dilute picei. 

23. lenum. Dej. Sp. Gen. 

var.picipenne. Kirby. loc. cit. sup. Habitat ad Lacum 

24. S O r d e n S. Kirby. ibid. Habitat cum priore. 

25. *nigriceps. Elongatum, testaceum, capite nigro, thorace 

medio fusco-vittato , ehjtris subtil ius minus profunde 
striatis. Long. '25, lat. *10. Habitat ad Lacum 
Superiorem rarius. 
Elongatum, depressum, habitu fere Demettiaa cujusdam, tes- 
taceum, sub-nitidum. Antennas fuscae basi testaceae. Caput su- 
pra et subtus nigro-virescens, impressionibus postice coeuntibus. 
Palpi fen uginei, apice picei. Thorax subquadratus, latitudine 
6umma longior, antice et postice truncatus, lateribus leviter ro- 
tundatis, angulis posticis obtusis rotundatis ; deplanatus, subtili- 

230 Catalogue of the Geodepha^ovs Coleoptcra 

ter transverse rugosos, tcstaceus, medio vitta lata fuscescente ; 
impressionibus transversis distinctis, linea lon^itudinali tenuis- 
8ima. antice abbreviata, basalibus vix conspicuis. Elytra apice 
vix sinuata. Bubtiliter minus profunde striata, stria suturali pro- 
iundinn ; pallide testacea, sutura leviter infuscata. 

26. luctuosuiii. Dej. Sp. Gen. Habitat ubique : variat ni- 

gro-piceum, pedibus rufo-piccis. 

27. p 11 net ifo I* 111 C. Say. Trans. Am. Phil. Soc. Habitat 

ubique rarius. 
r lift pes. Dej. Sp. Gen. 

28. 1 i 111 1) 11 til 111. Say. Trans. Am. Phil. Soc. 

pall i ill ll ill . Dej. Sp. Gen. Habitat in provinciis mediis 
rarius, ct in australibus. 


1. DAT mat US. Say. Trans. Am. Phil. Soc. Vol.11. (Fcronia.) 

Habitat in provinciis mediis, et occidcntalibus rarius. 

2. * 111 i C a n S . Piccus, nitidus, tkoracc rotundato, antice cmargi- 

nato, dytris cyaneo-micantihus, tcnuitcr striatis, punc- 
tis 3 impressis, antehnarum pedibusquc testaceis. 
Long. -19, lat. -09. Habitat in Georgia rarissime. 
Piceus, nitidus. Antenna pallida, palpi picei apice tes- 
tacei. Caput latum, antice subacutnm, impressionibus vix dis- 
tinctis ; puncto majusculo ad oculbrum marginem superiorem. 
Tlmra.r latitudine sununa scsqui fere bievior, antice emargina- 
tus, lateribua tiitn basi valde rotundatis, angiitis posticis fere 
nullis ; disco levissime convexus ; impressionibus transversis 
fete obliterans, lim-a lon'jfitudinali profunda, basalibus parvis, ro- 
tundatis, vix conspicuis. Wljtta rotundata, apice fere truncata, 
ftiorace latibra, latitudine summa vix sdsqui Ibngiorfe, teriuiter 
striata, tenia p'unctia '■'> majusculis, ihferstitiis plariissirilts ; picea, 
ibargino dilution!, cyaneo-micanlia. Epiplcurat, / rdrsque tcs- 

Catalogue of the Gcodephagous Coleoptera, 231 

PLATYDERUS. Stephens. 
U ery thro pus. Dej. (Feronia) Sp. Gen. 

nit id US. Kirby. F. B.-A. Vol. IV. Habitat ubique ran- 
us ; mento late dentato, dente brevissimo, obtuse 
emarginato ab Argutore distinguendus. 


1. chalcites. Say. Trans. Am. Phil. Soc. Habitat ubique 

satis commune. 

2. *cyaneus. Cyaneus, elytris nitore viridi micantibus, tho~ 

race basi utrinque bistriato, stria exteriore breviore, 
elytris prqfunde striatis, stria tertia punctis duobus 
majusculis, anlennis pedibusque nigris. Long. - 445, 
lat. -18. Habitat ad Rocky Mountains. 
Cyaneus, nitidus, elytris nitore viridi micantibus. Antennae 
nigra?, articulis duobus primis subtus piceis. Palpi nigri. Ca- 
put parum convexum, oculis minusculis vix exstautibus, lseve, 
impressionibus frontalibus levibus, linearibus, brevibus. Thorax 
capite duplo fere latior, latitudine summa sesqui fere brevior, 
subquadratus, antice leviter angustatus, vix emarginatus, angulis 
anticis deflexis, lateribus valde rotundatis ; modice convexus, 
postice subdepressus ; impressionibus transversis inconspicuis, 
linea longitudinali tenui, integra ; basalibus geminis, linearibus, 
profundis, exteriore angulo approximata, breviore, basi toto lae- 
vissimo. Elytra subparallela. parum convexa, profunde striata, 
striis leviter punctatis, striola inter primam et secundam postice 
valde abbreviata, cum prima non confluente, interstitiis subplanis 
tertio punctis 2 majusculis pone medium sitis. Subtus niger, 

Obs. — P. clialciti simillimus, thorace tamen postice retracto, 
basi impunctato, interstitiis elytralibus planiusculis, striis minus 
punctatis, antennarumque basi nigro-piceo facile distinguendus. 

:3. lucublandus. Say. loc cit. sup. 

Abundat ubique. Species ad libitum varians, non modo colore, 

232 Catalogue of the Gcodcphagous Colcoptera. 

aeneo, viridiaeneo, vel nigro, sed etiam thoracis basis punctatione, 
quae saepe vix conspicua est; pedes nonunquam castanei sunt. 
Semper tamen antennarum articuli tres basales ferruginei, et 
palpi picei adsunt. 

4. * (1 i 1 a t a 1 11 S . Latiot; minus convcxus, cenco-viresccns, tJioracc 
basi subtilius punclato, latcribus modice dcpresso, ely- 
tris angustius striatis, interstitio tertio punctis tribus 
minoribics, antennarum articuli* tribus Jerrugineis. 
Long. '45, lat. - 20o. Habitat NovEboraei rarissime. 
P. lucublando simillimus, multo latior, et minus convexus, 
jEneo-virescens, subnitidus. Caput paulo latius, minute punc- 
tulatum et rugulosum, impressionibus frontalibus minus profun- 
dis, indistinctis. Palpi picei, basi ferruginei. Antennce piceae, 
articulis tribus primis ferrugineis. Thorax capite duplo latior, 
latitudine summa paulo brcvior, anticc modice angustatus, angu- 
lis anticis apice non rotundatis, lateribus valde rotundatus, basi 
recte truncatus, angulis posticis obtusis, rotundatis, mafgine 
pone medium modice explanato, dcpresso, disco leviter convex- 
us, transverse rugulosus; basi m-aesertim ad latera subtilius mi- 
nus dense punctata, impressione transversa anteriore angulata, 
subindistincta, posteriore nulla, linca longitudinali tenui, integra, 
basalibus geminis, linearibus, exteriore brevissima fovcoliformi, 
interiore profunda. "Elytra thorace non latiora, subparallela, 
Bubdepressa, striis angustioribus, interstitiis planiusculis, tertio 
punctis 3 minoribus. Subtus niger, pedes piceo-castanei. 
5. castanipes. Kirby. Richardson Fauna Bor. Am. 

Habitat ad Rocky Mountains. P. lucublando simillimus, ni- 
gro-cyanescens, pedibus, palpis, antennarumque articulis tribui 
prii neis; tborace longitudine non latiore, anticc 

minus a ribus minus rotundato, an •'■' 

tundatis, margiue explanato paulo latiore, impres- 
aibus basalibus minus profundis, fere laevibus, dignoscitur. 
(,. D1C0 ■ .'. Cya bnitiilus, tliorad , ■ cxplana- 

- ■ I obsolete punctata, \ tiimpresso, angu 

■ valde '.i/ix, a. ; . 

Catalogue of the Gcodephagous Coleoptera. 233 

busque femigineis. Long. '46, lat. 18. Habitat ad 

Rocky Mountains. 
Nigro-cyanescens, subnitidus. Antenna fuscae, articulis tribus 
primis femigineis. Palpi rufo-picei, apice picei. Caput sub- 
tilissime rugosum, impressionibus frontalibus parvis, brevissimis, 
vix distinctis. Thorax capite duplo latior, latitudine summa vix 
brevior, antice leviter emarginatus et angustatus, angulis anticis 
valde obtusis, lateribus valde rotundatus,basi parum angustatus, 
lateribus postice late deplanatus, basi fere recto, angulis posticis 
obtusis, valde rotundatis ; disco modice convexus, basi versus 
latera, marginequedepresso minus dense subtilius punctatus ; im- 
pressione transversa angulata, vix distincta, posteriore recta, mo- 
dice notata, basalibus internis latis, brevibus, non profundis, 
ad basin vix distinctis, externis evanescenlibus. Elytra profun- 
de striata, striis subtiliter punctatis, interstitiis modice convexis, 
tertio punctis 4 impressis. Subtus niger, pedes cum coxis anti- 
cis ferruginei, coxae intermedia? et posticag piceo-nigrse. 

. COnvexicollis. Say. Trans. Am. Phil. Soc. Vol. II. 

Nigro-virescens, nitidissimus, thorace impressionibus 
transversis, basalibus que profundis, his vix punctatis , 
margine laterali tenui deplanato, clytris ameis, striis 
leviter punctatis, punctisque tribus impressis ; antenna- 
rum basi f err ugineo, palpis pedibusque nigro-piceis. 
Long. -35, lat. "14. Habitat ad Cataractam Sanctae 
Mariae rarius. 
Insectum elegans : supra nigro-virescens, elytris asneis, niti- 

dissimis, subtus niger. Antennai obscurae, articulis tribus basa- 
libus pallide ferrugineis.^xz^n picei. Caput laeve impressioni- 
bus parvis, brevissimis, satis profundis. Thorax capite vix duplo 
latior, antice leviter angustatus, profunde emarginatus, angulis 
anticis apice non rotundatis, lateribus modice rotundatus, praa- 
sertim ante medium, postice levissime retractus, margine angus- 
tiusculo, pone medium explanato, basi fere recto, angulis posti- 
cis leviter obtusis, apice non rotundatis; disco convexus laevissi- 
mus, punctis paucis ad basin indistinctis ; inrpressionibus trans 

834 Catalogue of the Geodephagous Coleoptera. 

versis profundis, linea longitudinal) bene notata, basalibus gemi- 
nis profundis, exteriore breviore. Elytra tborace non latiora, 
subparallela, amea, nitida ; profunde striata, striisteviter punctatis, 
interstitiis modice convex's, tertio punctis 3 majoribus. Pedet 
8. *ScitulllS. Subelongatus. subdeprcssus, late viridiaineus, vel 
purpurcus, nitidissimus ; thorace posticc retracto, 
hasi utrinquc bistriato, clytris profunde slriatis, striis 
leviter punctatis, j^unctisque duobus ii/iprcssis, antenna- 
rum articulis duobus f err ugineis. Long. '315, lat. 
•125. Habitat ad fluminis Platte furcationem. 
Species lepida. Angustiusculus subdepressus, lsete viridiaeneus, 
raro purpureus, nitore viridi micans, nitidissimus. Palpi nigri, 
articulo ultimo apice piceo. Antenna piceo-nigrae, articulis duo- 
bus primis ferrugineis. Caput majusculum, oculis prominulis, 
impressionibus frontalibus linearibus, profundis, externe curvatis. 
Thorax capite sesqui latior, latitudine summa vix longior, antice 
non angustatus, leviter emarginatus, angulis subdeflexis, lateri- 
bus antice valdc rotund atus, postice modice retractus, basi me- 
dio levissime emarginatus, angulis posticis rectis, apice non ro- 
tundatis : leviter convexus ; impressione transversa anteriore 
modice profunda, arcuata, posteriore minus distincta, linea longi- 
tudinali utrinquc abbreviata, profunda, basalibus geminis lineari- 
bus, profundis, exteriore margini valde approximata, breviore, 
interstitio deprcsso, irregulariter striato (sicut in Omaseis pleris- 
que. Elytra subparallela, disco planiuscula, profunde striata, 
striis leviter punctatis, interstitiis modice convexis, tertio punctis 
2 majusculis pone medium sitis. Subtus niger, tarsis piceo-ni- 

OMASEUS. Ziegler. 
<2enus anlennis breviusculis, articulo 1"'° ciassiore ; 2ndo ro- 
tundato-obconico ; 3io duplo fere longiore sensim, valde clavato ; 
4 t( > sesqui breviore, sensim clavato ; reliquis eequalibue, subquad- 

Catalogue of the Gcodapliagous Coleoptera. 335 

ratis, crassitie sesqui longioribus, leviter compressis, ultimo 
paulo longiore, apice acuto : menti dente obtuse emarginato, 
1. orinomum. Leach. Kirby. F. B.-A. Vol. IV. Habitat 
ad Lacum Superiorem. 

ADELOSIA. Stephens. 
OMASEUS. p. Dej. 

Antennae, bi'eves, crassiusculae, caput cum thorace vix exce- 
dentes ; articulo lmo crassiore, cylindrico ; 2nd° brevi, obconico, 
crassitie vix longiore : 3io plus duplo longiore, clavato, basi com- 
presso ; 4*o sesqui breviore, inferno sinuato, a medio subito cla- 
vato ; reliquis aequalibus, subquadratis, crassitie duplo longiori- 
bus, modice compressis, ultimo paulo longiore, apice acuto. 
Thorax subquadratus, postice angustatus, lateribus brevissime 
sinuatis, basi utrinque uniimpressus; elytra stria rudimentali 
inter Imam e t 2 n< -lam sita, longa, distincta ; palpi crassiusculi : 
mentum dente lato, apice leviter emarginato. 

Habitus subdepressus, fere Omasei orinomum : distinctus ta- 
men articulo antennarum tertio, 

1. muta. Say. Am. Phil. Trans., Vol. III. (Feronia.) 
Carb O narl a. Dej. Sp. Gen. Vol. III. (Feronia.) 
picicornis . Kirby. F. B.-A. Vol. I V. (Omaseus.) Abun- 

dat ubique. 

2. Ill or OS a. Dej. Sp. Gen. Habitat NovEboraci : preecedenti 

simillima ; forma paulo angustiore, thorace postice 
paulo magis retracto, lateribus postice minus sinua- 
tis, basi medio leviter emarginato, aegre cognoscenda. 

3. oblongOllOtata. Say. Trans. Am. Phil. Soc. Vol. IV. 

Habitat ad Lacum Superiorem. Omaseo orinomum 
simillima ; thorace tamen postice magis retracto, bre- 
vissime, levissimeque sinuato ; margine acutius re- 
flexo ; elytrisque paulo minus profunde striatis, dis- 

336 ' Udogue of the GeodepUagous Cohoptcra. 

STERE* (CERUS. Kirby. 

OMASEUS. p. auctoruni. 

Antennas brevi sculae, caput cum tborace vix exce- 

dentes; articulo 1™° brevi, crasso, latitudine vix longiore : 2ndo 
. . .aide obconico, craseitie paulo longiore; 3i° pri- 
mtira longitudine sequante, basi angusto, sensim valde clavato : 
paulo brcviore, inferno plus minusve sinuato, apice incras- 
sato, clavatoque ; sequentibus sequalibus, arete conjunctis, cras- 
Bitie vix. sesqui longioribus, subcomprt ssia ; Labrum breviuecu- 
lum; mentum dente longo, apice profunda impresso, non eniar- 
ginato. Thorax subquadrattuB, postice retractus, lateribus sinu- 
atis, angulo postico recto, carina brevi instructo ; basi utxinque 
bistriatus ; elytra stria rudimentali inter primam et secundum 
brevissima : Lnterstitio tertio :;-]>imctato. 

:. Habitus Bubdepressus, Adelosiae similis. 
;. COrvinUS. Dej. Sp. Geo. Habitat ubique. 
• . caildicalis. Say. Trans. Am. Phil. Soc. Vol. II, 

YltgvitCL. Kirby. P. B.— A. Vol. IV. (Omaseus.) Habitat 
NovEboraci, el ad Lacum Superiorem : antennarum 
articuli, basi paulo magis compressi, latitudinaliter 
visi. attenuati videntur, et sic a Sayo descripti simt ; 
cum descriptione < >. nigritae Paykulii aegre convenil 

.. luctuosus. Dej. Sp. Gen. Habitat cum priore. S. cau- 
dicalem maxime refert, paulo minor, tborace postice 
minus retracto, sinuatoque, carina paulo longiore, 
impres8ioneque exteriore distinctiore, agnoscendus. 
Corpus apterum, subcylindricum, capite magno, Cophosum 
referens, tborace lateribus vix rotundatia, postice retractis, 
vix Binuatis, carina basali vix coDspicua : mentum dente la 
tiore, apice leviter truueato: mandibular elongatae, pon 
tee ; elytris interstitio tertio impunctato. 
l. gr&ndiceps. Niger nilidus, thorace planituculo, b 

biimpreeso, impression* exterior* punctiformi, elytru 

Catalogue of the Gcodep/iagous Colcoptera. 337 

prqfunde striatis, striis punctatis. Long. .550, lat. 
•1S5. Habitat NovEboraci rarissime. 

Niger, nitidus : caput magnum, antice subacutum, linea trans- 
versa tenui inter antennas; impressionibus parvis profundis ; 
oculis vix prominulis : lahrum quadratum, planum, piceum ; 
palpi rufo-picei ; antenna obscuriores. Thorax capite vix latior, 
latitudine suraraa non longior, antice posticeque Lruncatus, late- 
ribus vix rotundatis, postice retractis, levissimeque sinuatis, an- 
gulis posticis minime rotundatis : disco leviter convexus ; im- 
pressione transversa anteriore magna, angulata, medio indistinc- 
te duplicata, non profunda: posteriore basi approximata, linea 
longitudina'.i utrinque abbrcviata, profunda : basalilms latis, 
laevibus, stria leviter recurvata, punctoque oblongo externo no- 
tatis, carina obsoletissima inter punctum et marginem. Elytra 
tliorace vix latiora, plus duplo longiora, parallela, convexa, pro- 
funde striata, striis punctatis, rudimentali vix conspicua. 

Feronia rostrata (Newman) banc speciem, appropinquat, et 
Forte in hoc genere aclscribenda est : differt tamen striis elytrali 
bus impunctatis. 

ARGUTOR. Megerle. 
Antennae filiformes ; menttim donte obtuso, nonnunquam vix 
conspicuo, apice nee impresso, nee emarginato. 
§ 1. Tliorace postice retracto ; corpus subcylindricum, sub-con- 

1. pat rue lis. Dej. Sp. Gen. Habitat in provinciia mediis, 

2. bi color. Kirby. F. B.-A. Habitat NovEboraci rarius. 

§ 2. Tliorace postice vix retracto; corpus subdepressum, 
t pedes rufo-picei. 

3. CCleris. Dej. S p. Gen. 

COIltam hiatus. Mels. Cat. Habitat ubique rarissime. 

4. * p i C i V n t r 1 S . Nigt r n ; lu, , t i orace subauadrato, postu ■ 

utrinque lineariter impresso, elytris striato puncta\ 
antennarum basi, palpis pedibusque ryfis. Loifg. '22, 
lat. -08. Habitat in Georgia. 

33S Catalogue of the Gco<hp7iagous Colcoptcra. 

Habitu fi re A. recti at aesqui minor. Niger, nitidus. Antrv 
brunnese, haai rufae, palpi rufi. Caput laeve, impressionibus 

italibua brevibus, profundioribus. Thorax subquadratus, pos- 
M angustatus, amice \ i\ emarginatus, angulis, leviter deflex.- 
is. lateribus minus rotundatus, angulis posticia paulo explanatis, 
leviter obtusis, apice vix rotundatis; disco leviter convexus, 
pnstice subplanus: impressionibus transversis modice distinctis, 
linea longitudinali profunda, integra, basalibus linearibus, minus 
profundis. Elytra cyaneo-micantia ; profunde striata, stria rudi- 
mentali nulla, striis punctatis, interstitiis parum convexis, tertio 
puncto impresso. Subtus piceus, pedes dilute rufo-picei. 

5. rectus. Say. Trans. Am. Phil. Soc. Vol. II. (Feronia.) 
VeloX. Dej. Sp. Gen. Habitat ubique : pedibus nonnun- 

quatn piceis variat. 

1 1 pedes nigro-picei. 

6. agilis. Dej. Sp. Gen. 

femoratus. Kirby. P. B.-A. Vol. IV. Habitat ubique. 

brevicollis. Niger nitidiasimus, tliorace latiore, antice 

i marginato, angulis deflexis, vix rotundatis, lateribus 

antice valde rotundato, postice levissime retracto, basi recto, 

rulia posticis leviter explanatis, fere rectis, apice non ro- 
tundatis; disco antice modice COnvexo, ])ostice Bubplano ; 
i ii 1 1 oibus transversis vix distinctis, linea longitudinali 

inque paulo abbreviata, basalilms profundis, punctis paucis 
notatis j elytrie viridi cyaneoque micantibus, profunda Btriatis, 
Btriia Bubtilissime punctatis, interstitiis convexis, tertio puncto 
iiii]ii' oj antennarum articulo primo, palpisque ferrugineis, 
bis apice piceis: pedibus nigris. Long. "41, lat. '175. Habitat 
in ]iio\ inciis austialibus, et NovEboraci rarius. 
s. m in of. Chaudoir loc. cit. sup. (Megalostylus.*) Niger niti 
dus; tliorace paulo angu tiore quam in pra ccdente, amice le\i- 
tec emarginato, angulis anticis deflexis, apice non rotundatis, 

" Mcgalostylui, gontu Curculionidum, oonf.Sch5n.Oen.et6p CaroaL Vol. \ I 

Catalogue of the Geodcphagous Cohoptera. 339 

lateribus modice rotundato, postice levissime angustato, angulis 
posticis ohtusis, apicc non rotundatis, modice deplanatis ; disco 
vix convexo, postice subplatio; linea longitudinali tenuissima, im- 
pressionibus transversis fere obsoletis, posteriore paulo eviden- 
tiore ; basalibus latioribus, brevioribus, profundis, punctis nonul- 
lis obsoletis : elytris paulo latioribus, convexioribus, subparal- 
lelis, lateribus perparum rotundatis, profunde striatis, striis levis- 
sime puuetatis, interstitiis modice convexis, tertio puncto im- 
presso : antennarum articulis tribus basalibus palpisque ferrugi- 
neis, bis apice piceis ; femoribus nigro-piceis, tibiis, tarsisque 
brunueis. Long. '355, lat. '15. 

Habitat Novi Aureliani a Dom. Guex benevole datus. 

9. erratic US. Dej. Sp. Gen. Praecedente paulo angustior, 
niger nitidissimus ; tbnrace anlice levissime emarginato, angulis 
anticis magis deflexis, lateribus antice modice rotundatis, postice 
levissime sinuatis, retractisque, basi fere recto, angulis posticis 
accurate rectis, apice non rotundatis, minus explanatis; disco 
antice modice convexo, postice subplano ; impressionibus trans- 
versis fere obsoletis, posteriore evidentiore, linea longitudinali 
profunda, postice abbreviata, basalibus profundis, longioribus, 
punctis paucis minus subtilibus notatis, elytris subparallelis 
minus convexis, cyaneo micantibus, profunde striatis, striis obso- 
letius punctalis, interstitiis vix convexis, tertio puncto impresso; 
antennis nigris, articulo primo picescente, palpis brunneo-piceis, 
pedibus nigro-piceis, tarsis brunneis. Long. -39, lat. "15. Habitat 
in provinciis australibus. 

10. * Hit idlllus. Statura omnino praecedentis, niger nitidis- 
simus ; thorace latitudinc summa paulo brcviore, antice emargi- 
nato, angulis anticis vix deflexis, modice rotundatis, lateribus 
rotundato, postice leviter retracto (non sinuato), basi medio levis- 
sime emarginato, angulis posticis minus explanatis, obtusis, apice 
non rotundatis ; disco antice levissime convexo, postice sub- 
plano ; linea longitudinali tenuissima, impressione transversa 
anteriore omnino obliterata, posteriore distincta, basalibus longi- 
oribus, linearibus, modice profundis, parce minus subtiliter punc- 

Catalogue of the Gcodephagous Colei>j>tcra. 

talis, elytris cyaneo-micantibus, Bubparallelis, minus convexie, 
-nils profundis, impunctatis, interstitiis fere planis, tertio puncto 
iiii' : antennis brunneis, basi ferrugin.eis ; palpis ferrugi 

oeia : femoribue piceis, tibiis tarsisque obscure ferrugineis. 
Long. 37, lat. *14. Habitat in provinciis australibits. 
t + t Tliorace rotundato retracto, angulis posticis obtusis ; pedi- 
bus saturate runs. 
11. lucidulllS. Dej. Sp. Gen. Niger nitidissimus ; tborace 
angulis anticis sub-deflexis, vix rotundatis, lateribus valde rotun- 
dato, postice Ieviter retracto, angulis posticis obtusis, valde rotun- 
datis, impressione transversa anteriore profunda, angulata, linea 
longitudinali tenui, antice abbreviata, basalibus profundis, parce 
punctatis ; elytris profunde striato-punctatis, cyaneo-micantibus, 
interstitiis modice con vexis, tertio puncto impresso; antennarum 
basi, palpis. pedibusque ferrugineis. Long. -4S, lat. -18. Habi- 
tat in provinciis australibus. 

2 laticollis. Chaudoir. Bulletin Soc. Imp. des Nat. de Mos- 
cou, No. [V. (Megalostylus). Niger nitidissimus, tborace paulo 
latiore, angulis anticis deflexis, rotundatis, lateribus minus rotun- 
dato, postice non retracto, angulis posticis minus rotundatis, im- 
pr< anteriore margini approximata, vix angulata, 

basalibus minus profundis, obsolete parce punctatis, linea longi- 
tudinali antice paulo abbreviata, tenui; elytris cyaneo-micanti- 
bus, profunde striato-punctatis, interstitiis modice con vexis, tertio 
puncto impresso ; antennarum basi, palpis pedibusque ferrugi- 
neis; tibiis posticis maris iucurvatis. Long. '44, lat. '175. Hab- 
itat in pro\ inciia australibus. 

PIESMUS* nov. gen. 

Antenna- filiformes ; palpi crassiusculi, articulo pcnultimo basi 

attenuato, ultimo cylindrico truncato non longiore, mentum 

dente lonj o, obtuso, inti gerrimo, apice Ieviter impresso. Thorax 

subquadrat tice retract u . lateribus rotundatis, margine 

* K wit£m, premo, q rpore depi 

Catalogue, of the Geodcphagous Coleoptera. 341 

latiusculo reflexo, basi late impressus. Elytra profunde striata, 
stria rudimentali longiuscul a, inter Imam et gudam sita ; apice 
rotundata, leviter sinuata. Habitus depressus. 

Nota. — Maxillae tenues, elongatse, apice acute incurvatae, 
intus sparse ciliatae. 
1. sub m a rg i Ha iUS. Say. Trans. Am. Phil. Soc. Vol. II. Dej. 
Sp. Gen. (Feronia.) Habitat in provinciis australi- 

LYPERUS. Chaudoir. 
Antennas filiformes ; palpi tenues, articulo ultimo cylindrico, 
minime ovali, prascedente pau^o longiore ; mentum dente magno, 
apice late profundeque excavato inflexoque, obtuse emargina- 
to. Thorax subquadratus, lateribus rotundatis, postice brevis- 
sime sinuatis, leviter retractis : margine reflexo; basi biimpressus, 
impressione exteiiore brevissima, punctiformi. Elytra thoracc 
pavdo latiora apice rotundata, vix sinuata, stria rudimentali longius- 
cula, cum prima confluente, interstitio tertio 3-punctato'. Habitus 

Nota. — Maxillae latiusculae, apice valde rotundato-incurvntae, 
intus dense ciliatae. 
1 . * II a 1 d e IB a n 11 i . Depressus, subelongatus, niger nitidus, 
ehjlris opaciuscvlis, fere plants, sir lis minus prof uml is. 
Long. -87, lat. -31. Habitat in Alabama, a Dom. 
Hakleman amice datus. 
L. tartaricum maxime refert, sed magis depressus. Caput 
omnino sicut in L. tartarico. Thorax postice magis retractus, 
lateribus magis sinuatis, angulis posticis accurate rectis, impres- 
sione basali paulo profundiore, punctis paucis obsoletis : stria 
longiore, postice obliqua ; impressionibus reliquis sicut in L. 
tartarico. Elytra fere plana, opaciuscula, apice rotundata, obso- 
letissime sinuata, tenuiter profunde striata; striis laevissimis ; 
interstitiis vix convexis. 
2. tartai'icUS. Say. Trans. Am. Phil. Soc. Vol. II. (Feronia.) 
COtnplanatuS. Dej. Sp. Gen. (Feronia). Habitat in 
provinciis australibus sat frequens. 

,iU>iSUt (if the GcodcpJiagous Colcoptcra. 

*SCrutator. Niger permtidus; thoracis margine non in. 
crassato; elytris paraUelis prqfunde xtriatis, striis 

I,, r/ssi/nis, postice minus imprcssis. Long. - G1"2, lat. 

■23. Habitat in provinciis australibus. 

cedenti Bimillimus, at sesqui minor. Niger pernitidus; 

caput omnino Bicut in L. tartarico; Thorax antice paulo latior, 

postice magis retractus, lateribus minus subito sinuatis, margine 

tice non incrassato ; impressionibus fere sicut in L. tartarico, 

basalibue profundioribus, obsolete subtilius punctatis, brevius et 

minus profunde Btriatis, spatio inter striam ct marginem rcflex- 

iiiu depresso (in L. tartarico convexo). Elytra magis parallels 

apice magia sinuata, profunde striata, striis Irevissimis, versus 

apicem minus itnpressis, interstitiis leviter convexis. 

4. aCUtangulllS. Chaudoir, Bull, tic la Soc. des 

Moscou, 1S4.'5. Habitat in provinciis occidentalibus. 

FERONIA. I. at. 

Antennae filiformes, subtenues, articulo I" 10 crassiore, cylin- 

dricoj 2 do duplo breviore, subcylindrico ; 3>° sesqui, vel etiam 

duplo longiore, apice \i\ clavato ; I'" et sequentibus ei aequali- 

lius (iii Vlatysmate \i\ conspicue brevioribus) levissime obconi- 

leviter compressis, ultimo paulo longiore, apice subacuto. 

Mentum dente lato, longo, versus apicem profunde excavato-im- 

apice plus minusve eraarginato. Habitus varius. Palpi 

erni articulo penultimo basi attenuato; ultimo nunc paulo 

longiore, nunc breviore, in omnibus fere cylindrico, apice rotun- 


J l. Corpus ovale ; tborace basi elytra aequante, basi utrinque 
biimpresso, margine tenui reflexo: elytris stria prima basi 
obliqua, unacum secunda oriente. 

I;; I \. Bonelli. 
1 Btriata, Dei. Sp. Gen. Habitat in provinciis australibus, a 
I lorn, i 1 aldeman amice data- 

Catalogue of the Geodcphagous Colcoptcra. 343 

2. permuilda. Say. Trans. Am. Phil. Soc. Vol. IV. Hab- 

itat ad St. Louis. 

3. *quadricollis. Angustior, parallela, tlwrace quadrato, 

antice vix angustato, transversim leviter rvgoso, mar- 
gine valdc angusto, basi utrinque longe profundeque 
bistriato, clytris jtrofundc striatis, striis obsolete punc- 
tatis, stria rudimcntali fere nulla, intcrstitio 7 in0 levi- 
ter elcvato. Long. -6, lat. *2. Habitat in Pennsyl- 
vania, a Dom. Melsheimer benevole data. 
F. striola Europas valde refert, sed minor et angustior, tho- 
race antice vix angustato, basi impunctato, profunde bistriato, 
spatio inter striam exteriorem et marginem elevato, fere carina- 
to ; striaque elytrorum abbreviata, obsoletissimaque facile distin- 
guenda haec species. 

§ 2. Antennis breviusculis, valde compressis, thorace lateribus 
valde rotundatis, basi subito constricto, medio leviter emar- 
ginato, angulis posticis rectis, minime rotundatis, basi utrin- 
que biimpressa, acuteque carinata; elytrorum stria abbre- 
viata, inter Imam e t 2"Jam s ita, brevissima, saepe vix eon- 

MOLOPS. Bonelli. 
1 . * Colossus. Nigra nitida, thorace antice paulo angustato, 
lateribus valde rotund ato, postice subito constricto, basi 
obsolete rugose-punctato, el ytris striato-punctatis, punc- 
toque impresso. Long. -77, lat. '28. Habitat in Mis- 
Nigra, nitida; caput breviusculum, linea transversa inter an- 
tennas valde profunda ; impressionibus frontalibus linearibus, 
profundis, antice paulo abbreviatis. Thorax capite duplo latior, 
latitudine paulo brcvior, antice paulo angustato, rotundato-emar- 
ginato, angulis subacutis, lateribus valde rotundatis, ad basin 
subito constrictis, sinuatisque ; disco minus convexus ; linea anti- 
ca arcuata, margini approximata, distincta, impressione anleriore 
transversa vix distincta, posteriore modice profunda, linea lono-i- 

HI Catalogue of thl Ceodcjthagous Coleoptcra. 

tudinali profunda, utrinque abbreviata, basalibus profandis, ru- 
e-punctatis, profunde bistriatia, striis Bubaequalibus, interiors 
paulo longiore. Elytra ovalia, lateribus leviter rotundatis, pos- 
rotundata, vix sinuata, basi profunde impressa, leviter con- 
tracta, humeris distinctis ; Btxiato-punctata, striis postice leviori- 
bus, stria rudimentali pancdformi, interstitiis levissime convexis. 
tertio unijmuctato. 

2. * s ll hst r i a t a . Latiuscula, nigra nitida, thoracc postice 
valde constricto, impressionibus profundis, impuncta- 
tis, exteriore breviore ; elytris tenue striato-punctatis, 
striis externis obsoletis. Long. "57, lat. "21. Habitat 
ad Rocky Mountains. 
Latiuscula ; mandibular profunde striates. Caput linea trans- 
versa piofunda, impressionibus frontalibus linearibus, profundis. 
Thorax capite vix duplo latior, latitudine brevior, antice vix 
emarginatua, lateribus valde rotundatis, postice valde coarctatis, 
minus sinuatis; disco minus convexusj impressione anteriore 
linea arcuata valde profunda, posteriore valde profunda, linea 
longitudinal] forti, amice paulo abbreviata, baaalibua profundis, 
impunctatis, linea interiore tonga, curvata, cum exteriore brevi 
tice connexa; carina valde abbreviata. Elytra tborace vix 
latiora, planiuacula, apice attenuato-rotundata, buraeris satis dis- 
tinctia, baai leviter impressa; tenuiter striato-punctata, striis 
apicem el ad latera obsoletis, "< m:i el 8va fere obliteratis j 
interstitiis planis ; 3io unipunctato. Antenna, palpi, pedesque 

3. CO ii S( ric ta. Nigra nitida, ihoraoe linea transversa antica; 
elytris profunde striatis, striis punctatis, punetoque 
impresso. Long. '5, lat. '17. Habitat ad Rock} 

I', constricta, Say ; Jour. Ac. Nat. Sc, Vol. III. 
Prsacedente angustior el convexior. \fandibula Btriatae. 
Caput in mare tnajuaculum, in foeraina mediocre, linea Iran 
ren tenui, impressionibus frontalibus rectis, profundis, lineari 

Catalogue of the Geodephagous Coleoptera. 345 

bus. Thorax capite maris vix sesqui latior, feminae fere duplo 
latior, latitudine paulo brevior, antice vix emavginatus, lateri- 
bus magis rotundatis, postice subito magis coarctatus, latitu- 
dine basali apicalis dimidium vix aequante ; disco convexiusculus, 
transverse leviter rugosus ; impressione transversa anteriore linea 
valde profunda, medio obtuse leviter angulata, posteriore valde 
impressa, linea longitudinali forti, antice abbreviata, basalibus 
omnino sicut in F. substriata. Elytra thorace vix latiora, lati- 
tudine sesqui longiora, bumeris rotundatis, satis dislinctis, apice 
attenuato-rotundata, basi vix impressa ; profunde striata, striis 
distincte punctatis, versus apicem minus profundis ; interstitiis 
subplanis, 3i° unipunctato. Palpi, antennae, pedesque picei. 

4. * O V i p e n 11 i S. Longhiscula, postice subattenuata, nigra ni- 
tida ; thorace linea antica tcnui distincta, later thus 
minus rotundato, postice valde coarctato ; elytris 
profunde striatis, striis obsolete punctatis, punctoaue 
impresso. Long. - 53, lat. '175. Habitat etiam ad 
Rocky Mountains. 
Praecedente an^ustior : ni"ra, nitida. Mandibuhe striatae. 
Caput majusculum, linea transversa tenui, impressionibus fron- 
talibus reclis, profundis. Thorax latitudine paulo brevior, cor- 
datus, antice vix emarginatus, laleribus paulo minus rotundatis, 
postice valde retractis, paulo minus subito sinuatis ; disco con- 
vexus, transverse leviter rugosus, impressione transversa anteri- 
ore nulla, vel vix conspicua, linea arcuata tenui, margini approxi- 
mata, profunda; posteriore profundissima, linea longitudinali 
antice abbreviata, valde profunda, basalibus profundis, stria inte- 
riore longiore, postice cum exteriore arcuatim connexa. Elytra 
ovalia, latitudine plus sesqui longiora, tborace non latiora, versus 
apicem subattenuata, bumeris modice distinctis, basi vix impres- 
sa ; profunde striata, striis versus apicern minus impressis, in mare 
punctatis, in femina fere lyevibus, insterstitiis subplanis, tertio 
unipunctato ; antennae, palpi, et pedes picei. 

5. *incisa. Longiuscula, nigra nitida, postice subattenuata; 

346 Catalogue of the GeodcpJtagous Colcoptera. 

(Horace linea tenui antica, basi impunctato, striis brc- 
oioribus: elytris humeri* fere nullis, bast profundc 
impressis, profunde striatis, interstitio '■'<"< bipunctato. 
Long. -51, hit. -16. Habitat ad Rocky Mountains. 
Precedent! simillima, nigra nitida. Caput subelongatum, 
linea transversa profunda, impressionibus frontalibus rectis, pro- 
fundi*. MandibulcB glabrae. Thorax forma omnino sicut in F. 
ovipcnni, linea antica tenui arcuata, margini approximata, impres- 
siom- transversa posteriorevalde profunda, linea longitudinaliten- 
ui, profunda, antice paulo abbreviata, basalibus profundis, laevibus, 
fovea oblonga,parva, profunda, striaquebrevi externa notatis, cari- 
na brevi acuta. "Elytra elongalo-ovalia, latituduie tboracem vix 
sequantia, tboraceduplolongiora, apice rotundato-attenuata, basi 
profunde Lmpressa ; ten ue profunda striata, striis versus basin in- 
conspicue punctatisdnterstitiis Ieviter convexis, 3»o punctis duo- 
bus ; pedes pi< ei. 

Variat interstitio •'>;,. sinistra unij unctato. 
6. * 1 1 \ a . Picea nitida, thorace postice valde constriclo, lateri- 
bua l>n ritrr sinuatis, basi distincte biimpresso, obso- 
lete punctate, elytris profunde striatis, striis punc- 
tatis; abdomine pedibusque rufo-piccis, Long. "4, bit. 
'16. 1 labiiat cum praecedentibus. 
Pi ecedente latior, picea, nitida. Mandibular glabrae. Caput 
laeve, impressionibus rectis, profundis, Linea transversa minus 
ini; Thorax capite ifif duplo latior, latitudine fere sesqui 

brevior, lateribus latins rotund atis, postice brevius sinuatis, valde 
retractis : disco minus convexus; impressione transversa anteri- 
ore vix conspieua, linea arcuata teiiuissima, margin! approxi- 
mata. posteriore valde profunda, linea longitudinali profunda, 
antice paulo abbreviata, basalibus valde profundis, obsolete 
punctatis, distincte bistriatis, striis postice subconnexis; carina 
brevissima, acuta. Elytra thorace % i x latiora, ovalia, humeris 
valde rotundatis, apice rotuudata, levissime sinuata, basi pro 
funde impressa; stiiis tenuibus al profundis, punctatis; inter- 
sutiifl planis, tertio unipunctato; Bubtus rufo-picea, antennis pal- 
pedibusque dilutioribus. 

Catalogue of the Gcodcphagous Coleoptcra. 347 

7. * a b d O 111 i 11 a 1 i S . Picea, vel nigro picea, nitida, abdomine 

pedibusque dilutioribus ; thorace linea transversa an- 
tica nulla : elytris profunde striatis, striaque rudi- 
mentali brevi. Long. # 4, lat. # 16. Habitat cum pri- 
ori bus. 
Praecedentem maxime refert. Picea nitida. Caput fere idem, 
linea transversa paulo profundiore. Mandibular glabrae. Tho- 
rax paulo angustior, postice minus retractus, lateribus paulo 
minus rotundatis; linea transversa anticafere nulla, impressione 
transversa anteriore obsoleta, posteriore profunda, linea longitu- 
dinali tenui, fere integra, basalibus paulo minus profundis, stria 
interiore longa, at minus impressa, postice cum exteriore arcua- 
tim connexa. Elytra minus ovalia, humeris satis distinctis, 
postice rotundata, leviter sinuata ; profunde striata, striis vix 
conspicue punctatis, rudimentali brevi, distincta, inter Imam e t 
2ndam s ita ; interstitiis modice convexis, 3i° unipunctato. 

Nota. — Species praecedentes summa afRnitate connexae sunt, 
et aegre dignoscendae. 

8. * C O r a X . Depressiuscula, mgra nitida, thorace lateribus 

valde rotundatis, postice brevius sinuatis, impressione 
anteriore angulata; elytris profunde striatis, striis 
leviter punctatis, rudimentali brevi, punctoque imprcs- 
so, interstitio 7 mo basi elevato. Long. *61, lat. *22. 
Habitat etiam ad Rocky Mountains. 
Nigra nitida, depressiuscula; mandibular obsolete striatae. Ca- 
put linea transversa obsoleta, impressionibus frontalibus profun- 
dis, brevibus, oculis prominulis. Thorax capite vix sesqui latior, 
latitudine paulo brevior, antice emarginatus, angulis anticis sub 
acutis, lateribus valde rotundatis, postice brevius sinuatis, coarc- 
tatus, angulis posticis accurate rectis; disco minus convexus, 
margine tenui reflexo, quam in praecedentibue paulo latiore ; 
linea antica transversa tenuissima, margini valde approximata, 
impressione transversa anteriore angulata, distincta, posteriore 
minus profunda, linea longitudinal! profunda, integra, basalibus 
profundis, profunde bistriatis, striis longis, subaequalibus. Elytra 

Catalogue of the Geodephagous Coleojilera. 

thorace vix latum, latitudinc scsqui longiora, basi levissime an 
• i, bumerifi distinctis, apice rotundata, leviter sinuata, pla* 
niuscula; profunde striata, striis leviter punctalis, postice minus 
profundis, interstitiis versus basin convexis, 7'"° convexiore basi 
paulo elevate, 3"' unipunctato, stria rudimcntali distincta, brevi, 
inter Imam et 2»dam sita. 

§3. Thorace quadrato-subcordato, tenuiter marginato, lateiibue 
rotundatis, postice valde retractis, brevissime sinuatis, angu- 
lis posticis rectis, minime rotundatis, basi leviter emargi* 
nato, utrinque bistriato, brcvitcrque carinato; elytris stria 
rudimcntali brevi, nonnunquam confusa. cum prima juncta, 
interstitio 3'Q unipunctato. 


': . n r I) at a. Nigra nitida, thorace leviter cordato, basi utrinque 
bistriato carinatoque; elytris striaio-punctatis pone 
basin dilatatis, punctoque impresso, interstitiis ltv< 
7)i< COH I . 685, l;i>. :J6. Habitat in Greor* 

Feronia orbata. Newman, Ent. Mag. V6L V. 

: a. nitid i. Mandibula striate. Caput Laeve, impression? 
frontalibus Linearibus, parallelis, brevibus, profundis; lines 
tenuissims ; oculis parvis, modice prominulis. Tho- 
capite paulo latior, latitudine Bumma vix brevior, leviter cor 
liter marginatus, amice leviter emarginatus, angulis 
acutiusculis, rotundatis; lateribue modice rotundatis, 
ae medium valde retractis, prope angulos posticos rectos bre 
vit. : viter emarginatus ; disco minus convexue : 

imj is distinctis, anteriore valde angulata, 

inali tenui, fere Integra, basalibus valde profundis, 
bistriatis, stria interiors paulo longiore, postice 
iore indistincte conne: rina valde distincta. I 

maia, thorace paulo angustiora, pone basin sensim 
i.aia. pone medium rotundata, ad apicem leviter sinuata ; an- 

Catalogue of the Geodephagous Coleoptera. 349 

tice planiuscula, postice convexa, striatopu:ictata, striis externe 
et postice levioribus, interstitiis leviter convexis, 3io puncto im- 
presso; stria rudimentali valde abbreviata. 
2. S O (1 a 1 i S . Nigra nitida, tlwrace cordato, basi utrinquc bistriato, 
carinatoque, cli/tris striato-punctatis , interstitiis plants 
punctoquc imprcsso. Long. '685, lat. '255. Habitat 
in Pennsylvania rarius. 
Praecedenti proxima, thorace tamen lateribus magis rotundatis, 
elytrisque minus profunde striatis, interstitiis planis distincta. 

Nigra, nitida. Mandibular striata?. Caput sicut in F. orbata. 
Thorax capite latior, latitudine summa paulo brevior, tenuiter 
marginatus, antice minus emarginatus, angulis anticis magis ro- 
tundatis, lateribus multo magis rotundatis, pone medium magis 
retractis, prope basin breviter minusque sinuatis, angulis posti- 
cis rectis, minus prominulis, basi leviter emarginatus ; disco 
modice convexus ; impressione transversa anteriore vix distinc- 
ta, posteriore satis notata, linea longitudinali tenui, profunda, 
integra, basalibus valde profundis, obsolete rugosis, bistriatis, 
stria interiore paulo longiore, tuberculo parvo externo ad basin, 
postice cum exteriore magis distincte arcuatim connexa; carina 
valde distincta. Elytra connata, thorace plus dujdo longi- 
ora, basi non latiora, pone basin leviter dilatata, postice rotunda- 
ta, vix sinuata : planiuscula, tenuiter ^striato-punctata, striis ex- 
terne et postice levioribus, interstitiis planis, 3it> puncto impresso ; 
stria rudimentali longiuscula. 
3. * V a g a n S . Angustior, nigra nitida ; thorace lateribus rotun- 
datis, postice retractis vix sinuatis, basi impunctato, 
elytris profundius striattSj interstitiis planissimis, 
Long. - 6, lat. "21. Habitat in provinciis occidental^ 
F. orbata angustior, deprcssior, nigra, nitida. Caput impres- 
sionibus frontalibus brevibus, valde profundis, linea transversa 
obsoletissima. Thorax capita duplo latior, latitudine paulo 
brevior, subquadi atus, vix cordatus, antice leviter emarginatus, 
lateribus modice rotundatis, postice retractis, obtuse sinuatis, 

350 Catalogue of the Gcodcphagons Colcoptcra. 

angulia posticis obtusis, leviter rotundatis; linca arcuata plici- 
fonni obsoleta, margini anteriori approximata, imprcssione trans- 
versa anteriore indistincta, posteriore Batis profunda, basalibus 
rotundatis, profundis, impunctatis, bistriatis, striis postice arcua- 
tim connexis. Elytra thorace non latiora, planiuscula, ovalia, 
latitudine fere duplo longiora, humeris satis distinctis ; opacius- 
cula, profunde striata striis impunctatis versus apicem minus 
impressis, interstitiis accurate planis, 7mo prope basin levissime 

Optimo facit transit! onem ad § 4, ha>c species. 

§4. Thorace subquadrato, postice leviter retracto, lateribus ro- 
tundatis, margini tenui reflexo, versus basin paulo latiore, 
basi utrinque striato, carinaque externa munito. 
t Ely tris leviter striato-punctatis, stria abbreviata rudimentali vix 
conspicua, inter Imam e t riixlam s ita ; interstitio 3k> unipuncta- 
to : habitus ovalis, subelongatus, crassiusculus. 
1. her OS. Say. Journ. Ac. Nat. Sc. Vol. III. 

(t in ( ri can a . Dej. Sp. Gen. Habital inprovinciis austra- 
libus, e! in Texas : a Dom. Dr. Engelman benevole 
•j. > i g i 1 I ;i I a . Say. Trans. Am. Phil. Soc. Vol. II. 

vidua. I>'j. Sp. Gen. Habitat in provinciis mediis rarius. 
3. * s c \ i in |) r e SSa. Nigra, opaciuscida, thorace subquadrato, 
lateribus magis rotundato, basi utrinque triimpresso, 
ilijtr'tx jdititiusriilis. Lung. •<;•_>, l;it. •:.'•>. Habitat ail 
Rocky Mountains, prope Long's Peak. 
Nigra, vix nitida; palpi ipicei : mandibular glabra:. Caput lot- 
ii in line scsijui longius, lae ve, impressionibus frontalibus rectis, pro- 
fundis, linea transversa tenui, levij uculis parvis prominulis. 
Thorax Bubquadratus, antice posticeque truncatus, lateribus valde 
rotundatus, postice levissime retractus, angulis posticis leviter 
obtusis, apice rotundatis; margine tenui reflexo; disco levitei 
convexus ; impressione transversa anteriore valde profunda, lin 

Catalogue of the Geodephagous Colcoptera. 351 

eari, arcnata, alteraque ei approximata et parallela indistincta, 
posteriore profunda, cum basalibus profundis confusa, linea lon- 
gitudinal! profunda, utrinque paulo abbreviata; basi utrinque 
tristririata, stria interna brevi oblurua, intermedia longiore, pos- 
tice curvata, et cum externa brevi arcuatim obsolete conjuncta, 
carina basali brevissima. Elytra thorace non latiora, antice fere 
recte truncata, postice leviter sinuata, striis profunde punctatis, 
interstitiis planis. 
tt Elytris profunde striatis, stria prima basi obliqua ; stria abbrevi- 
ata inter Imam e t 2'idam sita, longiuscula; interstitio 3'o bi- 
punctato : babitus subelongatus, gracilior. 

4. stygica. Say. Trans. Am. Phil. Soc. Vol. II, et Dej. Sp. 

Gen. Abundat ubique ; ad speciem banc referenda 
est F. rugicollis Haldeman Proc. Ac. Nat. Sc. Vol. I, 
specimen thorace rugulis transversisdistinctis obtecto,. 
sed non aliter diversum. 

5. COracilia. Newman. Ent. Mag. Abundat ad Niagaram, 

et in provinciae Ohio parte septentrionali. 

§5. Thorace subquadrato, tenuissime marginato, elytris angus- 
tiore, postice retracto, angulis posticis obtusis, minime ro- 
tundatis, dente minutissimo nonnunquam armatis, basi utrin- 
que unistriato, carina nulla : elytris profunde striatis, stria 
abbreviata inter Imam e t 2iulam longiuscula; interstitio 3"> 
bipunctato, vel impunctato. Habitus gracilis. 

1. lachryinosa. Newman loc. cit. Habitat in provinces 


2. inter fector. Newman ibid. Habitat NovEboraci ra- 


3. adoxa. Say. Trans. Am. Phil. Soc. Vol. II. 

tvistis . Dej. Sp. Gen. Habitat ubique. 

4. fa S t i d i t a . Dej. ibid. Habitat ubique rarius. 

§6. Thorace postice valde retracto, lateribus vix rotundato, angu- 

35? Catalogue nf the Gcodephagous Coleoptera. 

lis posticis obtusis, rotundatis, margine reflcxo, versus basin 
paulo latiore ; basi truncato, utrinque late pmfundeque 
impresso, estriato ; elytris tborace non latioribus, profunde 
striatis, stria abbreviate profunda, cum prima adjuncta, 
interstitio 3'° quadripunctato. Habitus gracilis. 
1. moosta. Say. Trans. Am. Phil. Soc. Vol. II. 

SUp€rCitio^S 61. Say. Journ. Ac. Nat. Sc. Vol III. 
relict a. Newman Ent. Mag. Habitat in Pennsylvania, et 
ad Novum Aurelianum. Variat interstitio altero 

§7. Tborace lateribus valde rotundatis, postice retractis, leviter 
sinuatis, angulis posticis in (1) rectis, in (2) obtusis, basi le- 
viter emarginato, utrinque unistriato; elytris apice sinuato 
rotundatis, striis extenais fere obsoletis, stria abbreviate fere 
nulla, inter Imam c -t •-'"ilain s ita ; interstitio 3'" unipunctato. 
Habitus elongatiusculus. 

1. Ullicolor. Say. "Trans. Am. Phil. Sue. Vol. II. Habitat 

in Georgia ad montes, a Dom. Ludovico LeConte 
led a. 

2. BreVOOrti. Suhconvcxa, nigra nitida, thoraee justice 

valde retracto : angulis obtusis leviter rotundatis, hasi 
breviter, profundeque impresso : elytris profundi' stn- 
atis, str<is leviter punctatis, externis minus impressis. 
Long. '63, lat. -23. Habitat in Alabama: a Dom. 
Haldeman amice data. 
In honore .lac. ('. Brevoort, viri non solum liberalitate sum- 
ma, bumanitateque lepida, sod etiain iii'^cnio acuto, doctrinaque 
urata; entomologies necnon cultoris Beduli. 
Habitus Sttbconvexus, St (topi fere cujusdam, ni'jra, nitida. 
I put ii ii] He. i Lonibusfroutalibui linearibus, valde obliquis, i ret is, 
profuodis, lines tran versa tenui, distincta. Thorax ant ice capite 
plus duplo lat'or, postice non latior, anlice leviter emarginatus, 

Catalogue of the GeodcpJiagous Coleoptcra. 353 

lateribus valde rotundatis, postice obsolete sinuatis, angulis pos- 
ticis obtusis, apice paulo rotundatis ; transverse leviter rugosus ; 
impressionibus transversis fere nullis, linea longitudinal? profun- 
da, utrinque paulo abbreviata; basalibus oblongis parvis profun- 
dis. Elytra thorace non latiora, subovaha, latitudine sesqui lon- 
giora, apice profunde sinuato-rotundata, profunde striata, striis 
obsolete punctatis, externis minus impressis, 7"ia et Sva fere ob- 
literatis ; interstitiis leviter convexis. 

Variat impressionibus thoracis^transversis satis distinctis. 

§ S. Thorace rotundato-quadrato, lateribus rotundatis, postice re- 
tractis, angulis obtusis, valde rotundatis basi emarginato, 
utrinque breviter unistriato ; elytris oblongis, apice rotun- 
datis, leviter sinuatis, profunde striatis, striis externls oblite- 
rans ; stria abbreviata punctiformi, inter lniam et 2udam s it a> 
interstitio 3io tripunctato. 
1. obscura. Say. Trans. Am. Phil. Soc. Vol. IV. Habitat 
NovEboraci rarissime. 


Antennae breviuscuh-e, articulo 3io sequentibus paulo longiore ; 
2ndo duplo fere breviore : mentumdente lato, breviusculo, apice 
non impresso, late sed acute emarginato : palpi articulo ultimo 
levissime triangulari, apice valde truncato. Thorax postice 
valde angustatus, subrotundatus, angulis posticis obtusissimis, 
rotundatis, basi emarginato, utrinque foveolatu; elytra ovalia 
thorace paulo latiora, apice valde rotundata leviter sinuata ; 
stria rudimentali punctiformi, inter Imam e t 2aJain s it a ; intersti- 
tio 3 io unipunctato. 
1. faber. Germ. Ins. Nova (Molops.) 

tenebricoSUS. Dej. Sp. Gen. (Feronia.) 
SpoliatuS. Newman. Ent. Mag. (Feronia.) Habitat in 
provinciis australibus. 

354 Catalogue of the Geodephagous Colcoptera 

BROSCTJS? Panzer. 
CEPH IL0TE.S1 Bonclli. 
Antennae breviusculse submomliformes, leviter compressae; 
articulo Ito liviter clavato, quam tertio paulo breviore, sequenti- 
bus tequante : ]>alpi crassiusculi, articulo iiltimo leviter ovali, 
Opice minus subito truncate, leviter rotundato ; labiales articulo 
ultimo levisstme triangular!. Mm: urn dente longo, obtuso, non 
emarginato, apice profunda impresses Thorax ct elytra fere 
sicut in Steropo. Habitus Sjeropo convcxior, capite majusculo, 
latitudine thoracem fere aequante. A Broscis Europseis differt, 
habitu minore et latiore, mandibulis paulo minus elongatis. 

1. obsok'tlis. Say. Trans. Am. Phil. Soc. Vol. II. Habitat 

in Alabama, a Dom. Haldeman amice datus : tborace 
elytris paulo angustiore, impressione anteriore nulla 
dignoscitur: striisque clytrorum punctatis, profundi- 

2. * a It j) r<> \ i in a t u s. Piceus nitidus, ikprace clylris nonan- 

gustiore, linea antica transversa "profunda, margini 

valde approximata, linea longitudinali tenui vix dis- 

tincta, impressione transversa postcriorc distincta; 

elytris striato-piehctatis, striis externis oMiteratis, 

punctoque i>n/>i<ssn .■ abdomine pedibusque rufo-piceis. 

Long. 1. lat. '15. Habitat in Pennsylvania rarius, a 

I ).nii. Melsheimer benevolo datus. 

I'i i , dente robustior, ct notis tlmracicis facile dignoscendus. 

3. *Iae vipennis. Angustiuscvlus, nigro-piceus, nitidissimus. 

thorace transversim leviter rugoso, antice postieeque 

transverse impresso, linea longitudinali satisprqfien- 

da : elytris vix striatis, fere lavissimis, puncto unico 

nnt jim impresso; abdomine pedibusque rufo-piceis. 

Long. '35, lat. *13. Habitat in Georgia, a Dom. 

Ludovico Lei Jonte lectu 

Praecedente angu tior Horace po rice magis retracto, elytris 

doo angustiore; elytri magis elongatis, postice leviter attenua- 





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AnnaA Zjre,JTat Sift. Vol. V. 



7%. 4. 



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^^^^ - °' s >'oul4 be 

The Corresponding Members of the Lyceum of Natural 
History are respectfully requested to forward communications on 
any subjects connected with the Natural Sciences, to the Secretary 
of the Society. Chemical Examinations of Animal, Vegetable and 
Mineral substances, will be acceptable, as well as Descriptions and 
Accounts of any new objects, in the three Kingdoms of Nature. 

As the publication of the Annals has now been resumed, with 
a prospect of continuance, it is hoped that every one connected 
with the Lyceum will exert himself, that no delay may take place 
in their appearance at reasonable intervals. Donations to the 
Museum, of Shells, Fossils, Minerals, and such Animals as are 
best preserved in spirits, arc solicited. 

--<rrs^eE^rs=g-=g= H^.gJ. ****£*&*, , ■■ * * -*- -* J- ±1. *WjN=« rr=^- 

APRBX, 184*. tfos. §, 9. 










No. 139 BROADWAY. 


John R. M'Gown, Printer, 

128 Fulton-street, N. Y. 

Catalogue of the Geodephagous Coleoptera. 355 

4. m O r i O . Dej. Sp. Gen. Ab omnibus praecedentibus differt 
impressione transversa thoracis anteriore valde pro- 
funda, margini nun approximuta, medio obfuse angu- 
lata ; linea longitudinal! tenuissima ; elytris apice 
leviter attenuatis, nunc laevissimis, nunc obsolete 
striatu-punctatis ; puncto magno impresso. Habitus 
robustior. Habitat in Georgia rarius. 

MYAS. Ziegler. 

1. C O r a C i ,1US. Say. Trans. Am. Phil. Soc. Vol. II. (Fe- 

cyanescens. Dej. Sp. Gen. Habitat in provinces 
mediis ; foemina mari paulo convexior, et latior. 

2. *foveatllS. Niger, obscure violaceus ; ihorace marginibus 

non depressis, bast utrinque profunde bijoveato, foveis 

coeuntibus, elytris profunde striatis, striis Icevibus. 

Long. "63, lat. 24. Habitat NovEboraci rarissime ; 

amicitiae Dom. Ed. Willcox debitus. 
Praacedente paulo angustior et convexior ; niger nitidus, elytris 
obsolete violaceo-micantibus. Caput impressionibus valde pro- 
fundis, oculis parvis, valde exstantibus. Thorax capite cum 
oculis duplo latior, antice vix emarginatus, angulis anticis 
deflexis, vix conspicuis, lateribus modice rotundatus, postice 
levissime retractus, basi leviter emarginato, angulis posticis fere 
rectis, non rotundatis ; disco convexiusculus, tenuissime margina- 
tus, margine nullo depresso : impi'essionibus transversis nullis, 
linca longitudinali postice abbreviata profunda ; basalibus 
utrinque duabus, valde profundis, foveohformibus, coeuntibus, 
obsolete rugosis ; interiore longiore, stria postice abbreviata, 
cum linea transversali brevi interne tendente angulum rectum 
formante. Elytra thorace non latiora, parallela, apice rotundata, 
leviter sinuata ; modice convexa, profunde striata, striis laevia- 
simis, striaque abbreviata inter imam e t 2 Ildam distincta. 

A M. coraciuo thorace ad latera non depresso, impressionibus 

356 Catalogue of the Geodephagous Colcoptera. 

I i ilibus magis profundis, cocuntibus, stria interna abbreviate, 
posticeque angulata; necnon forma an»ustiore, striisque impunc- 
tatis valde diatinctUS. 

STOMIS. Clairville. 
1. a in c r i C a n U S. Laporte, Etudes Eat. 

pUSilluS. Harris Cat. ( P 1 a t y 11 U S . ) 

Ehngatus, piceus, nitidus, pubescent : capite thora- 
cequc nigris, hoc elongato-cordato, a?igulis jwsticis 
rectis, divergentibus ; elytris profunde striatic, stnis 
obsolete punctatis. Long. "25, lat. -08. Habitat in 
provincia Vermont : a Dom. Harris benevole datus. 
Habitus fere Stomis pumicati Europae. Elongatus, nitidus, 
pubescens. Caput magnum, antice acutum, pone oculos sensim 
retractum, transverseque constrictum, nigrum, laeve ; unpressio- 
nibus frontalibus longis, profundisque. Antenna, palpk\ue rufi. 
Thorax capite non latior, latitudine sesqui longior, cordatus, 
poetice retractus, antice posticeque truncatus, angulis anticis 
valde rotundatis, posticis rectis subdivergentibus ; niger, disco 
convexus, tenuiasime marginatus, a?itice posticeque sparse punc- 
tatus ; impressionibus transveraia indistinctis, poateriore profun- 
dic.ic, lines longitudinali Integra, baaalibua linearibua preelongis, 
extroraum leviter curvatia. Elytra thoracis baai duplo latiora, 
poetice rotundata, non sinuata, rufo-picea; profunda Btriata, 
Btriis obsolete punctatis, interstitiis valde convexis. Sublus 
piceus, post pectus grosse sparse punctatum. Pedes rufi. 

Ad hoc genus insecta tria retuli, quas a Bradyto differunt, 
palpifl lal)ialibus apice fere acutis, maxillaribua quam in Bradyto 
minus truncatis : mentum medio dentatum est, dente parvo, 
brevi, integro. Omnino cum descriptione Kirbyana congruunt. 
Cum Isopleuro nitido (K.) descripts est (F. B. A. Vol. IV, p. 
50.) species secunda (I. MacLeayi) quae plane ad genus Seleno- 
phorum (Dej.) pertinet. Nam mentum edentatum «st, elytra 

Catalogue of the Geodephagous Coleoptcra. 357 

versus marginem pubescentia, seriebusque tribus punctorum 
impressa : characteres qui in Selenophoro solo inveniuntur. 

In specimina omnia mea tibias anticte calcaribus duobus termi- 
nalibus instructs sunt ; quorum unum pavvum est, altero duplo 
brevius. In Bradyto spina luec secunda rudimentalis est, et 
vix conspicua. 

In $ articuli tarsorum anticorum tres dilatati sunt : l mus lati- 
tudine paulo longior, triangularis, antice leviter emarginatus : 
2ndus > smsque^ longitudine paulo latiores, triangulares, angulo 
exteriore rotundati, interiors oblique emarginati, antice parum 
emai-ginati ; subtus papillis biseriati. Generi Acorio (Zimm.) 
affinis videtur ; differt tamen antennarum articulo 3'° reliquis vix 
longiore, mentique dente simplice. 
1. hyperborcus. Dej. Sp. Gen. ( Amai a.) 

Oblrmgo-ovatus, nigro-piccus, tJiorace su7)-quadrato, 
lateribus rotundato, angulis posticis obtusis wn rotun* 
datis, ban utrinque biimpresso, sparseque punctato : 
elytris striatis, striis subtillter punctatis ; antennis, 
palpis, pedibusque obscure ferrugi ne is. Long. *4, lat. 
•17. Specimen unicum ad Long's Peak inventum. 
Nigro-piceus nitidus. Caput valde obtusum, oculis prominulis, 
punctis duobus ad oculorum marginem ; impressionibus fronta- 
libu? brevibus, profundis ; sutura clypeo-frontali tenui. Lahrum 
breve, leviter emarginatum; clypeus obtuse emarginatus. An- 
tenna, palpiqae ferruginei. Thorax capite sesqui latior, latitu- 
diue fere duplo brevior, subquadratus, antice leviter emarginatus, 
angulis anticis rotundatis, lateribus aequaliter rotundatus, basi 
truncatus, angulis posticis obtusis non rotundatis ; disco leviter 
convexus, tenuiter marginatus ; impressionibus transversis parum 
distinctis, linea longitudinali utrinque abbreviata, basalibus gem- 
inis, brevibus, punctatis, exteriore profundiore; carina externa 
valde obtusa. Elytra thorace non latiora, convexiuscula, apice 
leviter sinuata ; striata, striis subtiliter punctatis, magis ad basin ; 
stria rudimentali longa: interstitiis parum convexis ; seria puncto- 
rum submarginali medio late interrupta. Pedes obscure-ferruginei. 

358 Catalogue of the Geodephagous Coleoptera. 

Curtonotus larior (Kirby, F. B. A.) esse videretur, nisi mentum 
recte visum unidentatum abborruit. 
2. *septentrionalis. Nigro-piceus, obscure ceneus, niti- 
dus : t.hnrace quadrato, lateribus mod ice lotundato, 
angulis posticis obtusisnon rotundatis ; basi bitmpres- 
so, sparseque jmnctato, elytris striatis, striis obsolete 
jmnctatis, postice lavibus; antcnnis, palpi s, pedi- 
busque ferrugineis. Long. # 3, lat. "13. Habitat ad 
Lacum Superiorem. 
Oblongo-ovatus, nigro-piceus, nitidus, elytris obscure aeneis. 
Caput obtusum, laeve; impressionibus frontalibus, brevibus pro- 
fundis, sutura transversa tenui ; punctis duobus ad oculorum 
marginem : labruni antice subemarginatnm. Antenna palpi que 
ferruginei. Thorax capite latior, latitudine vix sesqui bievior, 
subquadratus, apice emarginatus, angulis anticis rotundatis, late- 
ribus rnodice rotundatus, basi truncatus, angulis posticis obtusis, 
non rotundatis; disco minus convexus, tenuiter marginatus ; 
impressionibus transversis nullis, linea longitudinali Integra, 
basalibus geminis, brevibus, sparse punctatis, exteriore profun- 
diore, cariua externa obtusa brevi. Elytra thorace non latiora, 
apice vix sinuata, striata, striis versus basin obsolete punctata, 
rudimentali longa : iuterstiliis fere planis ; serie punctorum 
submargiiiali late intertupta. Abdomen rutb-piceum, pedes ob- 
3. *terrestris. Oval is, convexus, piceus, nitidus, interdum 
subaneus : thorace quadrato, antice subangustato, 
lateribus rotundato, angulis posticis leviter expfanatis ; 
basi biimpresso, sparse jmnctato : elytris striatis, 
interstitiis fere planis; antcnnis palpis pedibusque 
rufis. Long. -28, lat. 13. Habitat ad Fort Laramie, 
fluminis Platte. 
Amarae chalceH' (Dej.) thoracis marginibus expla 
natis facile distinguendus. Ab Isopleuro nitido (Kirby) striis 
elytralibus impunctatis differe videtur : sed descriptio nimis con- 
cilia determinationem rectam vetat. 

Catalogue of the Geodephagous ColeoMcra. 359 

Piceus iiitidus, nonnunqu im subaeneus. Caput laeve, impres- 
sionibus fro a tali bus brevibus, suturaque transversa profutidis. 
Palpi rufi : antenna rufae, versus apicem obscuratae. Thorax 
capite duplo latior, latitudine j)lus sesqui brevior, quadratus, 
amice subangustatus, paulo emarginalus, angulis anticris deflexis, 
subacutis, lateribus rotundatus, basi fere recte tiuncatus, angulis 
posticis rectis : disco paulo convexus, margiue versus angulos 
posticos subexplanato : impressiouibus tfarisversis iudistinctis, 
posteriore profundiore, liuea longitudinali Integra, basalibus 
gemiuis brevibus, confluentibus, exteriore paulo Iongiore, sparse 
minus sul)ti liter punctatis. Elytra apice vix siuuata, striata, 
interstitiis planis, stria rudimentaii longa ; serve submaryinali 
puuctorum medio vix iuterrupta ; epipleurae rufae. Subtus 
piceus, pedibus rufis. 

PERCOSIA. Zimmerman. 

1. Ob esa. Say. Trans. Am. Phil. Soc. Vol. IT. N. S. (Feronia.) 

patricia. teste Dtj. Sp. Gen. Habitat in provinciis 
mediis et borealibus, sat frequens : elytris in $ minus 
profunde striatis. 

2. * d 1 1 I i n i S. Eiliptica, convexd, nigra nitida, tliorace quad- 

rato, latitudine duplo breriore lateribua rotundato, 
basi punc.ato ; elytris tliorace non latioribus; pro- 
funde striato-punctatis ; antennis obscuris, basi, pal- 
pis, ped/busque ferrugineis. Long. - 38, lat. -185. 
Habitat ad Rocky Mountains. 
Praecedente august tor, et minus obesa, elytris postice non 

Eiliptica, convexa, nigra, pernitida. Caput, laeve, punctis 2 
solitis ad oculorum marainem ; impressiotiibus frontalibus bre- 
vibus, rectis. Antenna obscuiae, basi rufae ; palpi mfi, ocvli vix 
piominuli. Thai ax capite plus duplo latior, latitudine duplo 
brevior, apice emarginatus, antice angustatus, angulis anticis 
valde deflexis, rotuudatis, lateiibus rotundatus, basi truncatus, 

360 Catalogue of the Geodpehagous Coleoptera. 

,uli> posticifl rectia ; disco convexus, basi depressus, pcncta- 
tusque, margine versus angulos posticos levissime explanato ; 
impressione transversa aiiteriore parum distincta, posteriore 
a, profunda, linea longitudinal] Integra, basalibus profundis, 
cum impressione transversa confusis, elevatione parva inter 
impreasionem et marginem lateralem. Elytra parallels, thorace 
non latiora, apice paulo sinuata, profunde striato-])unctata, inter- 
Btitiis parum convexis, slria rudimentali longa. Pedes obscure 

CELIA. Zim. 

1- insequalis. Eorby, F. B. A. Vol. IV. Habitat ad Lacum 
Superiorem minus Irequens. Exacte cum A. inter- 
stitali (Dej. Sp.Gen.) quadrat, sed interstitia elytralia 
inaequalia non meminit 111. Com. Dejean. In speci- 
minil)us meis, interstitium 3 ium a' 11 " 1 et 7 mu,n paulo 
elevata sunt. 

2. splendid a. Hald. Proc. Ac. Nat. Sc. Vol.I. Elytra sicut 

in praecedeute inaequalia Bunt, Bed interstitiis alter- 

natim minus elevatis. Habitat in provinciia mediis 

minus frequens. 
a. aurichalcea. 

(3. aureo-viridis. 

•>. aureo-coerulea. In Mus. Dom. Melsbeimer. 
3 . * L r i I) I' a • Obesa, convexa ; nigro-anea nitida, thorace antire 
/■;./■ angustato, lateribus rotundato, angulu /><>.s/icis 
obtusis ii mi rotimdatis ; impresaionibus basalibus </ua- 
bus, punctatis ; elytru tenuiter striati*, interstitii* 
plants ; antennis ji<ilj>ix, tibiis tarsisque rufis. Long. 

•::. i;,i. • l... Specimen uuicum ad Lacum Supenorem 
Obesa, convexa, Percosiam fere aimulans : nigro-aenea nitida. 

Caput obtUBUm, lave, impi cssionilms fnmlalilius brevibuS. An- 
trum', palpiqae rufi; ocuti prominuli. Thorax capita duplo 
latior, latitudine plus Besqui brevior, apice v» emarginatus, 

Catalogue of the Geodophagous Coleoptera. 361 

antice parum angustatus, angulis anticis deflexis ; lateribus 
rotundatus, basi recte truncatus, angulis posticis leviter obtusis 
non rotundatis ; impressionibus transversis distinctis, posteriore 
profundiore, recta; linea longitudinali integra; basalibus utrinque 
duabus, brevibus, triangularibus, punctatis. Elytra striata, striis 
postice non profundioribus ; rudimentali longa ; interstitiis 
plants. Subtus nigra nitida, tibiis tarsisque saturate rufis. 

Genus hocce ab Amara tibiis posticis $ intus simplicibus 

AMARA. Lat. 
§ 1. Antennas articulis duobus ferrugineis. 

1. punctulata. Dej. Sp. Gen. 

UttOValis. Esch. Specimen unicum ad Rocky Moun- 
tains inventum, omnino congruit cum altero ab 
111. Dom. Klug misso, et a Dom. Willcox amice 

2. *con f U S a. Elliptica, subconvexa, cenea nitida, thorace an- 

tice angustato, lateribus parum rotundato, impressio- 
nibus omnibus fere obsoletis; elytris striatis, interstitiis 
fere plants ; antennarum articulis 2 rufs, pafpis 
pedibusque nigris. Long. "32, lat. -155. Habitat ad 
Rocky Mountains. 
Ad speciem banc referenda est A. vulgaris, (Kirby, F. B. A. 
Vol. IV. ;) articulus 2 n<lus antennarum colore variat et interdum 
obscure rufus, fere piceus videtur. A. patruelis (Dej. Sp. Gen.) 
esse videretur, nisi thorax basi impunctatus abhorruit. 

Habitus fere A. impuncticollis (Say.) at paulo convexior. 
yEnea vel nigro-aenea, nitida. Caput antice subacutum, Ineve? 
oculis majusculis ; impressionibus frontalibus fere nullis. Palpi 
nigri. Antenna nigro-piceoe, articulis 2 rufis. Thorax capite 
duplo latior, latitudine fere duplo brevior, apice emarginatus, 
angulis anticis deflexis, acutis, antice angustatus, lateribus paulo 
rotundatus, basi fere recte truncatus, angulis posticis acutius- 
culis ; impressionibus transversis parum distinctis, linea longitu- 

862 Catalogue of the Gemlcphagous Coleoptera. 

dinali tenuissima ; basalibua duabus, obsoletis, exteriore ohliqua 
paulo evidentiore. Elytra apice parum sinuata, striata, striia 
postice pauln prnfundioribus, interstitiis vix convexis, fere planis, 
stria rudinienta'li longa. Subtus nigro-amea, pedibus nigris. 
§ 2. Antenna? articulis 3 rufis. . 

3. imp II net i coll is. Say. Trans. Am. Soc. Vol.11. N. S. 

f ri rial is. teste Dej. Sp. Gen. Abuudat ubique. 

4. co m 171 11 11 i s. Fabr. teste Dej. Sp. Gen. Habitat cum priore. 

Praecedente paulo convexior ; thorace paulo minus lateribaa 
rotundato, angulis posticis minus acutis, impressionibus basalibua 
magis indistinctis, palpis basi ferrugineis, tibiis tarsisque magis 
brun net's aegre dignoscendus. 

5. *difficilis. Nigra, vix arnca, thorace ant ice angustato, 

laterihus modice rotundato, angulis posticis recti*, 
margine non explanato, impressionibus basalibus vix 
distinctis ; elytris tenuiter stria/is, interstitiis planis J 
pedibus, pafpisque apice nigro-piceis. Long. •So, 
lat. 1(J. Habitai in Territorio Missouriensi. 

Praecedentes duaa valde n*f«*rt, at paulo convexior, et thoracis 
margine non explanato distincta videtur. 

Nigra, vix eenea. Caput laeve. Antenna rufo-obscuree, art. 
3 baaalibus pallidioribua, palpi ferruginei, Rrticulo ultimo nigro- 
piceo. Thorax capite duplo latior, latitudiue fere duplo brevior, 
apice profuude emarginatus, angulis anticia deflexis acutis, 
Bntire anguatatus, lateribus paulo rotundaiua, l>asi fere recto 
trancattuj, angulis posticis rectis; disco parum convexus, mar- 
gine non explanato; impiosionihiis tmilsVersia vix distinctis, 
linea longitudina i utrinqne abbreviata, basalibua valde indis- 
tinctis, exteriore omninp obliierata. Elytra postice paulo sinu- 
ata, tenuiter striata, striis postice profit ndinribus, interstitiis 
OmriitlO planis, stria l udimeutali vix distincta. Pules nigro 

C. * f a I 1 a X . /lliira siihmtnla ; thorace anlii < angUttatO, itrij>res- 

sio/w transversa asUeriore arcuata, latcnbus j/aulo 

Catalogue of the Geodephagous Colcoptera. 363 

rotundato, margine non erp/anato, impression i bus 
basal thus valde obsoletis ; eiytris tenue-striatis, striis 
postice vix profundi or ibus, interstitiis omnino plants, 
pal pis pedibusquc nigro-piceis, tibiis tarsisque b'un- 
ncis. Long. '31, lat. *15. Specimen unicum ad 
Lacum Superinrem inventum. 
A. impuncticollt-m valde relett, at paulo angustior, et thorace 
longiore diflerre videtur. 

iEnea sulmitida. Caput obsolete rugulosum, impressionibus 
frontallbus parvis. Palpi toti picei. Antenna obscuiae, articulis 
3 rufo-testaceis. Thorax capiie duplo latior, latitudine sesqui 
brevior, antice angustulus, apice profunde emar»inatus, angnlis 
auticis acutis, lateribus modice rotundatis, basi fere recte irun- 
catus, angulis posticis subacutis ; disco parum cojivexus, trans- 
verse leviter rugosus, antice obsolete striatus, versus angulos 
anticos irregulariter subrugosus, margine non explanato : im- 
pressionibus transversis indisiiuctis, auteriore arcuata, linea 
longitudinali tenuissima inte<j;ra, basalibus itidistinctis, exteriore 
omnino obliterata. Elytra apice paulo sinuata, tenuiter striata, 
striis postice vix profundioribus, interstitiis omnino planis, siria 
rudimentali brevi, distineta : aerie punctorum submarginali 
medio non inierrupta. Pedes nigri, tibiis tarsisque brunneo- 

Obs. — In specimine meo stria elytrorum 3 ia et 4 ta ad quad- 

rantem ab apice confluunt: nescio an nota specifica sit, an 

varietas fbrtuita. 

7. * COnvexa. Oralis, c nrexa, cupreo-anea nitida, capitr tho- 

raceque nigro-efneis, hoc antice parum angustato, 

bast bij'oreo/ato,foreis pvr/ct/formibus ; eiytris striatis, 

striis postice r>ix profundioribus, interstitiis jilanis, 

antennarum basi testaceo, tibiis taisisque brunneo- 

piceis. Long. 28, bit. "13. Specimen unicum ad 

Lacum Superinrem inveni. 

Pra?<edentibus multo convexior, cupreo-aenea, nitida, capite 

th.uaceque nigro-a-neis. Caput rotundatum laeve, impressio- 

364 I of tli( Geodepkagami Coleoptcra. 

nil>u- frontalibua obliquis, brevibus ; oculi prominuli : palpi 
picei, amtcmma obscures, articulia C testaceis. Thorax oapite 
dupln latior, latitudine dupln brevior, apice parum emarginatus, 
ant ice leviter angustatus, angulia anticis valde obtusis, deflexis, 
I u ribua rotundatus, basi trancatus, angulis posticis rectis; im- 
me transversa aoteriore nulla, posteriore recta, non pro- 
funda, liia-a longitudinali tenui Integra, basalibus duabus, parvis, 
interiore brevi, recta, exteriore obliqua, punctifbrmi, prope 
auguiumsita. Elytra tborace non latiora, postice leviter angus- 
tata, apice paulo sinuai:i. tenuiler striata, strii> postice vix 
profundioribus, rudimentali obliqua distincta j interstitiis planis ; 
Bene punctorum sabmarginali medio non interrupta. Subtus 
nigro-asoea; tibiis tarsisque piceis. 

8, * j) o 1 i t a . EViptica, subdepressa. crneo, pernitida, thnrace 

antice angustato emarginatoque, basi utrinque biim- 

pressd, elytris stria/is, striis postice vix prqfundioribvs, 

interstitiis plants; antennarum palporumque ban 

rufo : epipleuris, tibiis tarsisque brunneis. Long. 

. lat 155. Habitat ad Rocky Mountains. 

Habitus oranino A. con nunis, at thoracis marginibus minima 

explanatis, impressionibusque basalibus duabus facile distinctus; 

thorace quoque a«l latere magis rotundato, angulis anticis minus 

acul is, 

ea pernitida; caput lseve, impressionibus nVontaKbus bre- 
vibus : oculifl prominulis. Antenna obscures, articulis ."> pallidis ; 
palpi picei, basi ferruginei. Thorax capite duplo latior, latitu- 
dine (liijilii brevior, antice angu status, apice paulo emarginatus, 
angulis anticis deflexis, rotundatis, lateribus modice rotundatus, 
basi fere recte truncatus, angulis posticis subrectia ; disco leviter 
convexus; impressionibus transversis fere nullis, iinea longitudi- 
nnli tenui Integra, basalibus duabus distinctis ; interiore recta 
brevi, exteriore obliqua, ad angulum posteriorem tendente, 
oblonga, fossuliibrmi. Elytra apice ainuata, tenuiter Btriata, 
stri is postice vis profundioribus ; rudimentali recta: interstitiis 
plat ne punctorum Bubmarginab' medio subinterrupta : 

Catalogue of the Geodephagous Coleoptera. 365 

epipleurae brunneae. Sublus nigro-subaenea, tibiis tarsisque 

Variat striis elytrorum obsolete punctatis, thorace basi non- 
nunquam 6triato, pedibusque concoloribus nigro-piceis. 
9- basi liar is. Say. Trans. Am. Phil. Soc. Vol. II. N. S. 
Habitat in provinciis australibus minus frequens. 

10. 1 u C i (1 U 1 a . Dej. Sp. Gen. (Amara.) 

basalts. Harris. N. E. Farmer. In Massachusetts in- 
venta, a Dom. Harris amice data. 

11. chalcea. Dej. Sp. Gen. Habitat in provinciis mediis 

et australibus. 

TRLEXA.t nov. gen. 

Ab Amara differt menti dente lato, brevissimo, apice obtuso, 
vix impressso; palpis labialibus articulo ultimo cylindrico, vix 
ovali, apice valde truncato, compressoque ; tibiisque anticis cal- 
care trifidu terminatis, lobis acutis : in speciebus subtus descriptis, 
stria septima ad apicem punctis notata est sicut in Anisodactylis 
§ 'i (Tricentro;) quocum calcar trifidum, mentumqne vix den- 
tatum affinitatem indicant. Ad hoc genus forte A. tricuspidatum 
(Sturm; Europse pertinet. 

1. ailtru.-tata. Saw Trans. Am. Phil. Soc. Vol. II. N. S. 

(Amara.) Habitat ubique. 

2. indistinct a. Hald. Proc. Ac. Nat. Sc. Vol. I. (Amara.) 

Habitat ubique. 
Praecedente simillima. at forma latiore, elytrisque minus pro- 
funde striatis satis distincta. Variat impressionibus baaalibus 
thoracis obsolete punctatis. 

3. # depress a. Oblonga dipresxa, tubcenea, thorace quadrato, 

t Tgi'a/nt, trident. 

366 Catalogue of the Geodephagous Coleoptera. 

anticc subangustato, vix emarginafo, later/bus mod-ice 

rofu/ida/o ; imjyressionibus basal thus utrinque duahus, 

vuidi-micaniibus, punctatis ; e'ytris striatis, intersti- 

tiis fere plants ; antenna/urn basi pedibusque rufis, 

palpis p>cc>s. Lon<>[. "3, lat. '12. Specimen unicum 

ad Lacum Superiorem inventurn. 

Oblonga depressa, habitus fere Harpali cujusdam. Nigro- 

piceus, subviridis. Caput laeve, impressionibus froiitalit)us bre- 

vibus; oculis promiiiulis; palpi picei. Antenna obseurae, 

articulis 3. 4 to que basi rufis. Thorax capite duplo latior, lati- 

tudine sesqui brevior, quadratus, auiice suhangustatus, apice vix 

emarginatus, lateribus usque ad medium rotund a tis, dein fere 

rectis, basi bisinuatus, angulis posticis rectis ; disco leviter rugo- 

sus ; impressionibus transversis nou profundis, anteriore angulata, 

basalibus geminis, viiidi-micari'ibus obsolete puuetatis, exteriure 

mitiore. E'ytra parallela, apice paulo siuuata, striata, intersti- 

tiis fere planis ; stria rudimen tali distincta 7 ina apice 5-punctala ; 

eerie punctorum submarginali medio interrupta ; epipleura? rufo- 

aeneae. Subtus nigra, ])cdes saturate rufi. 


1. r U 1) r i C a . Hald. Proc. Ac. Nat. Sc. Vol. I. (Amara.) Ha- 

bitat in provinciis mediis minus frequens. 

2. Ill u S C U 1 i s . (mUSCuluS?) Say. Trans. Am. Phil. 

Soc. Vol. II. N. S. : Dej. Sp. Gen. 

Nigro-picea, vel rufa ; subamca nitida ; tho- 
race anticc subangustato, lateribus paulo rotundato, 
impressionibus basalibus parvis, plus minusvt distinc- 
tis, nonnunquam punctatis ; elytris ftrqfiinde striato- 
ptinctatis, strut externis lerioribus ; antennis, palpis, 
pedibusque rufis. Long. -22, lat. -10. Habitat in 
provinces austraHbus et ad Rocky Mountains. 
Species admudum variaus, sequenti simillima ; at lliornce 

breviore. lateribus minus rotundato; elytrisque apice vix sinuatia 

(-••(I rotundatis ;egre cognoscenda. 

Catalogue of the Geodephag<>us Colcoptera. 367 

3. *COntempta. Nigro-picea, nitida ; thorace antice sub- 
angustato, lateribus rotundato, impressionibus basa- 
libus parvis, punctatis ; elytris profunde striato- 
punctatis, striis externis levioribus ; stria rudimentali 
distincta : antennis palpis, pedibusque rufis. Long. 
•22, lat. -10. Habitat NovEboraci, et ad Rocky 
Elliptica, subconvexa, nigro-picea, nitida. Caput laeve ; 
impressionibus frontalibus vix distinctis, oculis subprominulis. 
Palpi rufi : antennce rufag, versus apicem paulo obscuratae. 
Thorax capite duplo latior, latitudine fere duplo brevior 
antice subangustatus, apice parum emarginatus, angulis anticis 
rotundatis, lateribus rotundatus, basi truncatus, angulis posticis 
rectis, vel leviter obtusis : disco leviter convexus ; impressionibus 
transversis parum distinctis, basalibus duabus, subprofundis, 
exteriore minore, sparse .punctatis. Elytra apice paulo sinuata, 
profunde striatn-punctata, striis externis levioribus rudimentali 
distincta : interstitiis leviter convexis ; serie punctorum submar- 
ginali medio vix interrupta. Subtus picea, abdomen rufo- 
piceum, pedes rufi. 

BRADYTUS. Stephens. 

1. exaratUS. Dej. Sp. Gen. ( Amara.) 

br evil ab r is . Kirby (Curtonotus) F. B. A. Habitat 
in provinciis mediis, sat frequens. C. brevilabrem 
(Kirby) ad hanc speciem, propter labrum transver- 
sum, breve, subemarginatum, retuli : sed descriptio 
Kirbyana nimis concisa est pro diagnosi certa. 

2. furtivus. Say. Trans. Am. Phil. Soc. Vol. IV. N. S. 

(Amara.) Habitat in provinciis occidentalibus. 

3. avid US. Say. Journ. Ac. Nat. Sc. Vol. III. (Zabrus.) 

COnfinis. Dej. Sp. Gen. (Amara.) Abundat in pro- 
vinciis mediis. Variat subtus pallide castaneus. 

368 Catalogue of the Geodephagous Coleoptera. 

CURTONOTUS. Stephens. 

1. *lilticollis. Subelongatus, nigro-piceus, sub&neus, niti* 

(his, thorace cordato, postice coarctato, punctato, 
utrinque bistriato, carina externa valde distincta ; 
elytris parallelis, striato-punctatis ; antennarum basi, 
palpis, pedibusque obscure ferrugincis. Long. *55, 
lat. "22. Habitat ad Rocky Mountains. 

Ad banc speciem referendus est C. convexiusculus (Kirby, 
Faun. Bor. Am.) ; a convexiusculo Europaeo, differt thorace ad 
latera magis rotundato, anticc punctato, impressioneque trans- 
versa anteriore profundiuscula. 

Nigro-piceus, subaeneus. Caput laeve, impressionibus fronta- 
libus parvis, non profundis, sutura frontali distincta ; labrum 
latitudine sesqui brevius, antice subemarginatum. Antenna: ob- 
BCurse, basi, cum palpis rufo-ferrugineae. Thorax capite sesqui 
latior, latitudine duplo brevior, subcordatus, antice parum emar- 
ginatus, angulis anticis rotundatis, lateribus valde rotundatus, 
prope basin coarctatus, breviter sinualis ; basi levissime emar- 
ginato, angulis posticis acutis promiuulis ; disco subconvexus, 
antice punctatus ; basi toto pone impressionem transversum de- 
preBSO, punctatoque, densiue ad latera : impressione transversa 
anteriore, arcuata, profunda, posteriore medio angulata, linca 
longitudinal! antice abbreviata, profunda, basalibua geminiB, 

svibus, interiore paulo profundiore; carina basali elevuta, 
recta, valde distincta. Elytra tburacem vix latitudine ajquantia, 
elongata, parallela, apice leviter sinuata, profunde Btriato-punc- 
tata, Btria rudimentali longa; serie punctorum submarginali 
medio valde interrupta. Sub/us piceus; pedes obscure ferru- 

2. * c a r i n a t u s . Subelongatus, nigro-piceus, nitidus ; tho- 

race quadrate, postice angnstato, non coarctato; antice 
poiticeque punctato ', bati utrinque bistriato, carina 
(■sterna valde distent tn ; elytris paralb lis, striato- 

Catalogue of tlie Geodephagous Coleoptera. 369 

punctatis ; antennis, palpis, pedibusoue obscure ferru- 
gineis. Long. *46, lat. -17. Cum priore inventus. 
Habitus fere C. torrid"! (Illiger) Europae. Subelongatus, nigro- 
piceus, nitidus. Caput minus obtusum, leeve, impressionibus 
frontalibus brevibus, profundis, sutura frontali distincta ; labium 
latitudine sesqui brevius, antice non emarginatum. Antenna, 
palpique obscure ferruginei. Thorax capite non sesqui latior, 
latitudine sesqui brevior, quadratus, postice paulo angustatus, 
apice parum emarginatus, angulis anticis rotundatis, latei'ibus 
antice modice rotundatis, postice brevissime, vix conspicue sinu- 
atis, basi truncatus, angulis posticis rectis, minime rotundatis ; 
disco paulo convexus, antice posticeque punctatus ; impressioni- 
bus transversis profundis. posteriore angulata, linea longitudinali 
antice abbreviata ; basalibus geminis, punctatis, inf eriore indis- 
tincta, cum exteriore profunda confluente ; carina basali recta, 
elevata, valde distincta. Elytra parallela, apice distincte sinuata, 
profunde striato-punctata, stria rudimentali longa ; serie puncto- 
rura submarginali medio valde interrupta. Subtus piceus ; pedes 
rufo-picei, vel obscure ferruginei. 


Patrobus angicollis Randall. Bost. Journ. Nat. 

Hist. Vol. II. Habitat in provincia 

Alicho menus cincticollis. Say. Trans. Am. 

Phil. Soc. Vol. IV. (Species dubia.) 

Agonum anchomenoidcs. Randall, loc. cit. 

sup. Habitat in Maine. 

albicrus. Dej. Sp.Gen. 

macillifrons. Say. Jour. Ac. Nat. Sc. 

Vol. III. (Feronia.) Habitat in 

Terr. Miss. 
simile. Kirby, F. B. A. Vol. IV. 

370 Catalogue of the GeoJcphagous Coleoptera. 

B ffi ne. Kirby, ibid. 

fovcicolle. Chaudoir Bull, de Soc. Imp. 
de Moscou (a leno vix distinctum.) 

SClltellare. Say.Jouro. Ac. Nat.Sc. Vol. 

III. (Feronia.) (Species vix deter- 

miiianda, a specimine aegro descrip- 

ta ; verisimiliter moerens Dej.) 

Olistliopus cillCtUS. Say. Trans. Am. Phil. 

Soc. Vol. IV. Habitat in provinces 
Poecilus atratUS. Newman Ent. Mag. Vol. V. 

mi cans. Chaud. loc. cit. sup. (Species 
dubia, a chalcite temere separata.) 

fraternus. Say. Long's Exp. to St. Pe- 
ter's Riv. Vol. II. (Ob descriptionem 
nimis concisam non agnoscendus.) 

Stereocerus s i m i 1 i s . Kirby, F. B. A. 

? r o stratus. Newman, (Feronia) Ent. 
Mag. Vol. V. 

A r g 11 to r m a n d i bu 1 a r 1 s. Kirby.F. B. a. 

1> r (' V i C O r II is. Kirby, ibid. 

II O n 6 S t 11 8. Say. Trans. Am. Phil. Soc. 

Vol. II. (Feronia.) 
S a p h V r i n 11 S . Chaud. loc. cit. sup. Ha- 
bit a! in Louisiana. 

Feronia 1 a 1 1 a x . Dej. Sp. Gen. 
c !) e n inn. l)<j. Sp. Uen. 
piinctatissima. Rand. loc. cit. Ha- 
bitat in Maine. 

III <) II 6 (1 111 a. Newman loc. cit. 

ii ocrc n s. Newman ibid. 

Catalogue of the Geodephagous Coleoptera. 37 1 

p i C i p e S . Newman, ibid. 

hypolithus. Say. Trans. Am. Phil. Soc. 
Vol. II. 
SteropilS ventralis. Say. ibid. Habitat in Terri- 

torio Missouriensi. 

A mar a anthracina. Hald. Proc. Ac. Nat. Sc. 

Vol. I. Habitat in Pennsylvania. 
1 8D v i p e n n i s . Kirby, F. B. A. Vol. IV. 

disCOTS. Kirby, ibid. 
p a 1 1 i p e S. Kirby, ibid. 

Curtonotus rufimanus. Kirby, ibid. 

1 a t i O r . Kirby, ibid. 

Divisio 2. — Harpalida. — West wood. 
Quad/ imani. — Lat. 
Harpaliens. — Dej. 

Subdiv. I. — Daptini. 

AcinopidcB. — Hope. 

Corpus antice non angustatum. 

Caput postice minime reiractum. 

Palpi articulo ultimo ovali apice truncato. 

Taksi $ non dilatati, vel perparum dilutati. 


1. zabroides. LeConte, Annals of the Lyceum. Vol. IV. 

Habitat ad Rocky Mountains frequens. 

GEOPINUS.* nov. gen. 
Corpus crassum, cmvexum, subelongatum, apterum. 
Caput magnum, subquadratum, subconvexum, postice non an- 

* yiOmmos — terram laburans, quasi fodiens. 

372 Catalogvc of the Geodepliagous Coleoptcra. 

gustatum, impressione brevi frontali utrinque intei 
ocul tura cranio-clypcali distincta. 

Maxmuvi x. valid ae, Bubelongatae, incurvatae, obtusae; dextra 
dentc mediali acuto. 

Ma\iu..!' npicc vald'e acuta?, incurvata?que, intufl dense ciliatae. 

Lahrim subquadratuin, latitudine non brevius, antice emargina- 
tum, angulis anticis valde rotundatis. 

Mentum magnum, longitudine triplo latins, modice concavum 
emarginatum, edentatun 

Ligila lata, apice levissime emarginata, angulis anticis acutis 
divergentibus, paraglossia angustis concavis, incur- 
vatis, apice vix rotundatis, ligula paulo brevioribus. 

Palpi labiales articulo penukimo reliquis tenuiore, ultimo sesqui 
fere longiore ; ultimo apice truncato : maxillares, 
articulo antepenultimo paulo longiore ; penultimo 
leviter obconico, ultimo breviore, leviter ovali, apici? 

maxillares interni (vol galea) filiforme?, articulo ul- 
timo sesqui 1 iore leviter incurvato. 

rura capite cum bulisvixloi , submoniliformes j 

articulo l mo crassiore, longioreque ; 3 io sequentibus 
paulo lo I ,: fere asqu ante j ultimo ovali. 

< »< i i.i i otundati, prominuli. 

In raj elytri sesqui angustior, leviter cordatus, antice levitei 

emarginatus, lateribus rotundatus, postice paulo re- 

itus, basi recte truncatus. 

vtra antice recte truncata, lateribus parallela, postice rptun- 

data, leviter Binuata, eonvexa; stria rudimtmtali cum 

is I'' 1 dorsali conjuncta. 

Scitf.m j'm triangulare. 

Pedes validi. 

TlBlM antica setifl adsperstB, ala terminali rotundata externa; 
extus irregulariter emarginata?, denticulatss j inter- 
mcdifP 6etis spinulosis adxporsae, extus irregulariter 
•erratse, spinis terminalibus binis acuiis ; 2> ost ' ccs 

catalogue of the Geodephagous Coleoptera. 373 

setis spinulosis adspersae, spinis terminalibus brevi- 

bus, obtusis, spatulaeformibus. 
Tarsi articulis leviter triangularibus, decreseentibus, ultimo 

longiore ; in J 1 non dilatati. 
Ungues graciles. 

Trochanteres postici crassi, femoribus duplo breviores. 
1. incrassatUS. Dej. Sp. Gen. (Daptus.) Habitat in 

provinciis mediis, in locis sabulos : ■ minis fiequens. 


1. 1 i n e O 1 a . Fabr. Syst. Eleuth. 

furcatllS. Fabr. Syst. Eleuth. Habitat ubique. 

2. pallipes. Fab. Syst. Eleuth. Habitat in provinciis aus* 

tralibus et occidentalibus. 

3. *dorsalis. Sturm Cat. Habitat in provinciis mediis et 

Praecedente paulo major, thorace latiore, postice magis ro- 
tracto, lateribus magis rotundatis, anguiis posticis obtusioribus 
minus rotundatis; elytris apice minus subito rotundatis, stnarum 
interstitiis planioribus, plagaque nigra ad basin non contracta ; 
sutura ferruginea basi dilalata. 

a. plaga elytrali antice obsoleta, ita ut maculam fuicifam 

4. infuscatUS. Dej. Sp. Gen. Abuudat in provinciis aus- 

tralibus ; habitat etiam NovEboraci minus fiequens. 

5. *.s U 1 11 r a 1 i S. Fusco-niger, tubnitidus, thorace antice trans- 

verse biimpresso, basi impresto, puncta toque ; elytris 

sutura, margineque externa pallidis; antennarum 

basi pedibusque pallidis Long. -23, lat. 1. Habitat 

NovEboraci minus frequens. 

Fusco-niger, minus nitidus. Caput imprcssionibus frontalibua 

brevibua arcuatis ; antennce fusc^e, basi testaceae. Thorax lati- 

tudine brevier, subquadratus, antice truncatus, basi leviter rotun- 

datus ; lateribus modice rotundatus, anguiis posticis obtusifl vaitio 

374 Catalogue of the Gcodephagous Coleoptera. 

i. >t is ; basi levissime retractus ; disco convexus : impres- 
rione transversa anteriore duplicata, posteriore profunda, angu- 
lala : linea longitudinali tenuissima ; basalibus profundis punc- 
tatis, cum impressione transversa posteriore confluentibus ; 
margine tenuissimo testaceo. Elytra thorace vix latiora, paral- 
lela, convexa ; stria rudimentali brevissima, interstitiis planis : 
3 10 bipunctato; fusco-nigra, sutura, margineque lato ad striam 
5 tam extendente testaceis. Pedes pallidi. 

Corpore breviusculo, convexiusculo cum A. infuscato congruit ; 
imj)ressionibu3 autera thoracicis valde distinctus angulisque pos- 
ticis minus rotundatis. 

1- (1 U b i U S . Beauv. Ins. d'Am. (Harpalus.) 

pennsylvanicus. Dej. Sp. Gen. Abundat ubique 
usque ad Rocky Mountains. 

TIOSOMA.t nov. gen. 
Corpus apterum, crassum, convexum, subcylindricum. 
Caput lubquadratum minus convexum, postice non retractum, 

improsaionibufl fere nullis. 
Mandibul^ validae, incurvata?, acutae. 
Maxim.*: incurvata', acuta', intus ciliata-. 
Labhlm quadratum, longitudine paulo latius, antice emargina- 

tum, angulis rotundatis. 
Mentum breve, concavum, profunde emarginatum, edentatum, 

angulis anticis subrotundatis. 
LlOULA angusta, antice rotuiulata. 
I'AHAoi.ossiK dtvergentes, rotund atee. 
Palpi lahialcs articulo penultimo paulo longiore ; ultimo levifcr 

ovali, truncato. 

maxtllarcs articulo antipenultimo longiore crassio- 

t Tict pinguis, ct ra»/uat, corpus. 

Catalogue of the Geodephagous Coleoptera. 375 

reque; penukimo leviter obconico, basi tenui ; ultimo 

leviter ovali, truncato. 
Antenna longitudine caput cum thorace eequantes, monili- 

formes, articulis rotundato-obconicis ; 3'° paulo tenui- 

ore ; l m0 crasso, cylindrico. 
Oculi vix prominuli. 
Thorax quail ratus, antice posticeque truncatus, laterilms rotun- 

datis, versus basin leviter sinuatis, angulis posticis 

Scutellum breve. 
Elytra basi truncata, parallela, convcxa, stria rudimentali inter 

, imva pt Oudam s [ tai 

Pedes crassiusculi. 

Tibiae anticae compressae, subdilatatae, extus 6pinulosa>, sed non 


re/.iquce spinulosa?, calcaribus terminalibus brevius- 

Tarsi antici, articulis brevibus triangularibus, setis longis in- 
structs ; articulo ultimo lougiore, clavato. 

reliqui. articulis leviter descrescentibus (ultimo lon- 

giore) setosis. 
Ungues simplices elongati. 
Trochanters pnstici femoris dimidium aaquantes. 

Gen^ri Cratognatho (Dej.) affinis videtur. 
*SetOSlim. Castaneum nitidum, sparse grosse punr.tatu/n, 

setis longis e punctis orient ibus ; elytris striatis, intor- 

stitiis uniscriatim grosse punctatis, setosisque. Lung. 

•35, lat. '15. Habitat circiter Long's Peak, Rucky 

Mountains, minus frequens. 
Statura fi.'re Cratacantbi dubii, paulo tamen latius. Casfv 
neum, nitidum. Caput sublilius punctatum, punctis paucirj 
grossis anticis, setisque nonnullis longis. Thorax latitudine 
sesqui b'reviof, antice et postice truncatus, lateribus roturulatis, 
versus basin levirer sinuatis, angulis posticis accurate rectis : disco 
convexus, totus densius subtilissime punctatus : sparse, grosse 

376 Catalogue of the Geodephagous Colcoptera. 

punctatus, magis ad latera et basin : setis longis e punctis 
orienlibus; impressionibus fare nullis ; basi cum angulis pos- 
ticus subdepresso. Elytra thorace r>on latiora, striata, striis 
MDpuactatis, modice profundis j stria rudimentali longiuscula : 
inlerstitiis fere planis, grosse uniseriatim punctatis, punctis setis 
longis instructis. Subtus dilutius castaneurn. 

Subdivisio II. — Etirytrichini. 

Hdrpalida.—p Hope. 
Stennlophida. — p. Hope. 

Corpus antice pa^lo angustatum. 
Caput postice leyiter retractum. 
Pai pi artieulo ultimo ovali, apice truncato. 

Tarsi antici et intermedii 6* valde dilatati, subtus pube densis- 
sima, brevi, erecta vestiti. 

AMPHASIA. Newman. 
HAHPALCS.—p. Dej. 
OPHONUS.—p. auctorum. 

1. f C in O r a t U s . Dej. Sp. Gen. 

SCriceus. Harris. N. E. Farmer. Habitat in provin- 
ciis mediis. 

2. interstitialis. Say, Trans. Am. Phil. Soc. Vol. II. 

ob s c a r ip e :mi s . Dej. Sp. Gen. 

fulvic Olli S. Newman Ent. Mag. Vol. V. 

Errore qirodam 111. Dom. Newman "labipalporum articulum 
apicalem in globo minimO desinire " dicit : in speciminibus omni- 
bus a me vlsis, articulus ultimus palporum labialium ovalisest, et 
subacutus, apico vix truncato, at paulo rotundato, artieulo ultimo 
j I Iporum maxillarium omninosimilis. Descriptio ejus specifica 
cum iusecto nostro exacte quadrat, pube brevi excepta, cum 
qua Bpecimina nostra vestuntur. Seepe tamen inveniuntur pube 
partim attrita. 

Catalogue of the Geodephagous Coleoptera. 377 

SPONGOPUS. nov. gen. 
Corpus oblongum, depressum, alatum. 
Caput mediocre, antice subacutum, oculis prominulis. 
MandibuljE curvatfe, apice acutae. 
Labrum subquadratum, iatitudine paulo brevius, antice emar- 

ginatum, angulis rctundatis. 
Mextum breve, concaviusculum, profunde emarginatum, medio 

dente lato, obcuso, brevi, angulis anticis subacutis. 
Maxillje subelongatae, apice incurvatae, acutae, intus sparse 

Lioula lonqra ancrnsta. 
Palpi subelongati, tenuiusculi, articulo ultimo praecedentem 

aequante, leviter ovali, fere cylindrico, apice paulo 

attenuato, truncatoaue. 
Antenna corpore duplo breviores, tenues, articulo l m0 cras- 

siore ; 2 ndo reliquis duplo breviore, leviter obconico; 

3'° reliquos aequante, parum obconico ; ultimo apice 

Thorax subquadratus, postice angustatus, basi truncatus ; late- 

ribus valde rotuudatus, margine depresso reflexo. 
Elytra thorace latiora, apice sinuata, apice summo valde rotun- 
dato, basi truncata; profunde striata. 
Scutellum triangulare, mediocre. 
Pedes crassiusculi. 
Tiblb omnino sicut in Anisodactylo ; calcare terminali tibiarum 

anticarum simplici, leviter curvato, gracili. 
Tarsi $ antici, arlicido l mo triangulari antice truncato, leviter 

dilatato ; 2 ndo , 3- 0f I uc sesqui latioribus triangularibus, 

lateribus angulisquo rotundatis ; 4 to apice emargi- 

nato ; omnibus subtus pube densissima brevi ves- 

titis ; ultimo precedentes 2 longitudine ajquaute : 9 


-intermcdii minus dilatati, articulis sicut in anticis 

formatis vestitisque. 

.37 S Catalogue of the Geodephagous Coleoptera. 

postici filiformes, articulis longitudine descrescenti- 
bus, ultimo prsecedentes 2 ajquante. 
Ungues simplices. 
1. ' V orticalis. Niger nitidus ; thoracc margine reflcxo, ba- 
sique punctato, angulis posticis obtusis non rotundaiis ; 
elytris profunde striatis, int-rstitiis convex is, puncta- 
ta ; mandibulis, macula que verticali rubris ; a7< ten- 
nis, palpis, pedibusquc rufis. Long. - 5, lat. '2. Ha- 
bitat ad Paterson Novas Caesarea% a Dom. Guex 
benevole datus. 
Oblongus, depressus, niger nitidus. Caput minute punctula- 
tum, impressionibus frontalibus brevibus valde profundis ; sutura 
transversa profunda : macula verticali subquadrata rubra, valde 
distincta : mandibular rubrse, nigra. Palpi rufi. Antenna?. 
rufae, articulo l mo pallidiore. Thorax capite duplo latior, lati- 
tudine summa duplo brevior, antice leviter emarginatus, postice 
angustatus, angulis posticis obtusis non rotundatis ; lateribus 
valde rotundatus, basi truueatus ; margine late reflexo, cum 
bast toto depreseo, dense punctato; impressionibus transversis 
profundis, medio angulatis; line a longiludinali integra, profun 
da ; basalibus latis Bubprofundis, Elytra planiuscula, parallela, 
thorace latiora, apice oblique Binuata, apice suramo valde rotun- 
dato : profunda striata, stria rudiment di longa recta : interstitiis 
convexis, dense Bubtilius punctatis ; 3 10 unipunctato : serie punc- 
toi um submafginali non intei i upta. Pectora punctata ; Begraenta 
abdominis utrinque foveolata, obsoleteque punctata. Pedes rufi; 
trochanteres saturations. Corporis forma Picsmum submargi- 
natum Feronidarum revocat. 

§ 1. Typicij tibiae anticsB calcare terminali basi 
Species 3—7 summo aifinitate conjunctae, et descriptionibus 
aui torum vix separandas sunt; in thoracis forma tamen valde <1!>- 

Catalogue of the Geodephagous Coleoptcra. 379 

tinctae, et primo fere aspeetu dignoscantur ; ad speciem quamque 
descriptionem thoracis adjuuxi, ut levior sit inve^igandi labor. 
1- discoid eus. Dej. Sp. Gen. Habitat in provinciis me- 
diis et australibus minus freqnens. 

2. baltimorensis. Say. Trans. Am. Phil. Soc. Vol. II. 

N. S. Dej. Sp. Gen. 
St. Cruets? Fabr. Syst. Eleuth. Abundat ubique. 

3. n 1 g r i t a . Dej. Sp. Gen. Habitat in provinciis mediis. 

A speciebus aliis nigra tboi ace postice magis retracto, Iateri- 
bus levissime sinuatis, angulis posticis rectis, non rotundatis ; 
autice posticeque dense subtilius punctato ; margine tenui de- 
presso ; impressionibus transversis distinctis, anteiiore angulata; 
linea longitudinali integra, basalibus oblongis profundis, tsepa- 

4. interpunctatus. Kirby, F. B. A. Vol. IV. (Har- 


Specimen unicum ad Cataractam Niagaram, mense Maio 

Thorax latitudine sepqui brevior, antice posticeque leviter 
angustatus, Iateribus aequaliter rotundatus, angulis posticis ob- 
tusis non rotundalis, basi truueatus ; disco minus convexus, mar- 
gine latiuseulo depresso, tenue punctato ; autice dense subtilius 
punctatus; postice dense confluenter punctatus ; impressionibus 
basalibus latis non profundis ; transversis fere nullis, longitudi- 
nali integra ; elytra striata interstitiis convexis, dense minus 
subtiliter punctatis. 

5. agricola. Say. Trans. Am. Phil. Soc. Vol. II. (Har- 

palus.): Dej. Sp. Gen. 

Habitat in provinciis mediis et occidentalibns. 
Thorax latitudine plus sesqui brevior, postice vix angustatus, 
Iateribus sequaliter rotundatus ; angulis posticis obtusis, non 
rotundatis ; disco minus convexus, antice subtilius, postice dense 
punctatus : margine latiusculo depresso, punctato : impressio- 
nibus transversis fere nullis ; linea longitudinali integra ; basa- 

3S0 Catalogue of the Geodephagous Coleoptera. 

libus latis, subprofundis : Elytra striata interstitiis convexis, 
oculo acute aimato subtilissime sparse punctatis. 

6. * s t r i a t II s . X ; LS>r nitidvs, thorace quadrato, convcxiusculo, 

latcrihun rotundato, marginv depresao toiui, angulh 
posticis recti* non rotundatis: elytris stria t is, inter- 
stitii.s convexis: antennarum art'uulo l mo , palpisque 
Jerrugineis. Long. "56, lat. -2. Specimen unnm ad 
Evansville, la. alterumqne ad Rocky Mountains legi. 
S tat ura fere praecedentis ; niger, nitidus; Caput subtilissime 
punctatum, impressionibus frontal ibus brevibus profundisque; 
sutiira frontali profunda: labrutn profundius emarginatum. 
Antenna nigro-picea?, articulo 1'"° ferrugineo; palpi ferruginei. 
Thorax capite sesqui latior. latitudine sesqui brevior, antice 
emai ginatus, angulis anticis rotundatis, lateribus magis rotunda- 
tus, postice leviter angustatus, basi recte truncatus, angulis pos- 
ticis rectie, non rotundatis ; disco convexiusculus, antice 6parse 
tenue punctato; margine tenuiore depresso, punctata] basi 
dense punctatus, punctis versus medium vix distinct is : impres- 
sion) transversa anteriore arcuata; linea longitudinal] Integra, 
basaUbus oblongis profundis. Elytra parallela, postice obtusa, 
parum ainnata : prnfuiide striata; intcrslitUfl convexis, impunc- 

-. 7'"" :ul apicem 3-punctato. 

Ab A. nigrita, palpia fernigineis, thorace latiore, posti :e paulo 
minus retracto, margiue depresso angustiore, impressione trana- 
Don angulata, elytrorumque interstuiis impunctatia sepa- 

7. laticollis. Kirby, F. B. A. (Ilarpalus.) 

/// v 1 a n op u 8 . Hald. Proceed. Ac Nat. Sc. Vol. I. 

Habitat in provinces n idiis minus frequens. 
Thorax latitudine sesqui brevior, antice Ievissime anguatatus, 
leviter emargiuatus, angulis anticis deflexis, rotundatis; basi 
o cte truncatus, lateribus Bequaliter rotundatus, angulis posticis 
parum obtusis, rotundatis; disco parum convexus, antice subti 
lissime punctatus; margine deprefBO, BubtUitei punctato; im- 

Catalogue of the Geodephagous Coleoj>tera. 381 

pressionibus transversis indistinctis, linea longitudinali integra, 
basalibus latis non profundis, dense subtiliter punctatis, punctis 
versus medium nonnunquam extendeutibus. Elytra apice 
parum sinuata, stria 7 llia versus apicem punctis 2, vel 3 im- 

§ 2. * Triplectrus : tibiee anticae calcare terminali trifido, 
lobis acutis : corpus ellipticum. 

8- *rufipennis. Niger nitidus; quadrato, antice 
suhangustato, lateribus late drpressis, cum basi punc- 
tatis ; elytris rvfocastancis, margine iwfuscato, stria- 
tis, interstitiis auSconvexis, iertio unipunctato. 
narum articulo l mo subtus, palporumque apice rvfis. 
Long. -53, lat. -2. Specimen unicum $ a Dom. Bre- 
voort prope Brooklyn, insulas Longae NovEboraci 
inventum, et amicissime datum. 
Statura omnino sequentis, at thorace paulo convexiore, basi 
distinctius punctato. 

Niger nitidus ; caput obtusum laeve, impressionibus frontalibus 
punctiformibus, sutura frontali tenui ; antenna nigro-piceae, arti- 
culo l mo subtus ferrugineo : palpi nigro-picei, articulo ultimo, 
penultimoque apice rufis. Thorax capite duplo latior, antice 
paulo angustatus, emarginatus, angulis anticis rotundatis, lateri- 
bus aequaliter rf)tundatus ; basi recte truncatus, angulis posticis 
8ubrolundatis ; disco leviter convexus, antice subtilissime punc- 
tatus striatusque ; margine valde depresso, versus basin cres- 
cente, cum basi distinctius punctato : im pressionibus transversis 
fere nullis, linea longitudinali tenui, integra, basalibus latis, rotun- 
datis, subduplicibus. Elytra thorace non latiora, apice leviter 
sinuata, apice ammo rotundato ; planiuscula, rufo-castanea, 
nitida, versus marginem obsCUfata ; striata, interstitiis subcon- 
vexis, stria rudimentali perlonga rectaquo: interstitio 3'° non- 
nunquam unipunctato, 7 n '° ad apicem punctis 4-6 impressis. 
Pedes nigri, tarsis anticis piceis. 
9. carbonari US. Say. Trnns. Am. Phil. Soc. Vol. II. 
Kirby, F. B. A. Vol. IV. 

382 Catalogue of the Geodepkagous Coleopte.ra. 

I it C t ll O S H S . Dej. Sp. Gen. Habitat NovEboraci. 

10. ^pinglliS-. Orahs crassus ; thorace quadrato, ant ice a n- 

gustato, basi leviter cmarginafo, viarginc late, inJis- 

tindeque dejiresso, cvm basi medio obsolete punctato 

rugosoque; imprtssi nibus basal i bus indistinctis sparse 

j unctatia ,■ elijtris interstitiis poetic. subconvcxis, alter- 

natir.i ad apicem punetatis ; antennarum ba i j?al- 

pisque apicc rufis. Long. -55, lat. 22. Habitat ad 

Rocky M. util li.'S. 

Sequentibus simillinaus at paulo conve:;ior. 

Niger parum nitidus. Caput obtusum, impressionibus fronta- 

libue punctiformibus, profundis, sutura frontali tenui. distincta; 

palpi nigri apice summo rufo. Antenna; nigro-picea>, articulis 2 

rufo-ferru'^ineis. Thorax capite plus duplo latior, latitiidino 

summa duplo fere brevior, antice aDgustatus, profunde emargi- 

natu^. basi leviter emargmato, angulis anticis rotundatis, lateri- 

bas aequalitei rotunflatus atnpiiatusque, angalis posticis rectis ; 

disco parum convexus, transverse leviter rugosus; margine veisus 

basin cr< jcente, depresso, obsolete rugose-punctato ; impressio- 

nibus traosversis parum distinct is, anteriore paulo augulafa, 

linea longitudinali distincta . >nui, utrinque valde abbreviata, b;.sa- 

libus obloogia non profundis, punctis paucis notatis, basi medio 

irregulariter striatus, obsoletoque punctatus. fflytra tboraoi 

arete conjoncta, postice Bubangustata, apice parura sinuata; 

striata ; interstitiis leviter convexis, 3'°, 5*° et 7"" , versus apicem 

serii- lncvi punctorum ; serie submarginuli medio non inteiTUpta, 

punctis autem minoribus. 

11. * C r 3 S S II S . Oralis, rrassus, viger, subnitidvs : thorace an- 

toe angtutato, lateribus indistinctc depretsis, postiseque 
eubexplanatit, linea longitudinali antice valde abbrevu 
atajiasalilois ob/ongis. J'orea ant'ea inipressis; eli/tris 
Btriatis inttrstitiisjerep/anit; pontine alternating pune- 
tatis; anti ■iiiorii in ban, palpitqtte apice rufis. Long. 
.17, lat. "19. Habitat NovEboraci minus frequens. 

Catalogue of the Geodephagous Coleoptera. 383 

Sequentibus simillimus. Ovalis, crassus, niger, subnitidus. 

Caput laeve, impn-ssionibus frontalibus parvis, vix distinctis, 

punctiformibus, sutura frontal i tenuissima. Antennae obscurae, 

basi rufae ; palpi apice summo rufi. Thorax capite plus duplo 

latior, latitudine fere duplo brevior, autice angustatus, valde 

emarginatus, angulis anticis rotundatis ; basi leviter emarginatus, 

lateiibus aequaliter rotuudatus; disco minus convex us, margine 

postice crescente late depresso-, versus angulos posticos leviter 

explanato, punctis paucis obsoletissimis notato: impressionibus 

transversis fere nullis, liuea longitudinali tenui, antice valde ab- 

breviata, basalibus obtongis, modice profuudis, stria brevi antica 

notatis. Elytra tburaci arete conjuncta, postice subangustata, 

ad apicem leviter sinuata ; striata, interstitiis fere planis ; 3 10 , 

7 mo que postice punctis 5, 5 t0 punctis 2 impressis; serie submar- 

ginali medio non interrupta, punctis subaequalibus. 

12. *gra vidllS. Oralis, crassus, niger, parum nitidus ; tho- 

rar.c antice angustato, fatcribus late, indistincte de- 

prcssis; Unea longitudinali vixecidente, basalibus sv,b- 

profundus, fovea antica impressis : elytris striatis, 

interstitiis subconvcxis, 3 io 5 t0 7 m °que paulo elcvatis, 

2>ostice seriatim punctatis : antennarum basi rvfo. 

1 1 one. -52, lat. *2. Habitat NovEboraci, minus fre- 
es F 7 

Praeccdenti simiHimus, postice taraen paulo minus angustatus, 
thoraceque postice vix explanato distinctus. Capiut laeve, im- 
pressionibus fron;alibus punctiformibus, profuudis; sutura fron- 
t'all distincta foveaque antica not;;turn. Palpi m'gri, apice 
summo rufo : antennarum articulis 2 run's, reliquis nigro-piceis. 
Thorax capite duplo latior, latitudiite fere duplo brevior, antice 
mag : s angustatus, emarginatus : angulis anticis paulo minus 
rotundatis: lateribus aequaliter rotuadatus, ampliatusque, basi 
levissime emarginatus, angulis posticis rectis, non rotundatis; 
margine late, in diHtincteque depresso, versus basin crescente; 
impre.ssione transversa anteriore nulla, posteriore recta, linea 
longitudinali tenuissima, vix evidenle, antice valde abbreviata, 

3S4 Catalogue of the Gcodephagous Colcoptera. 

basalibus oblongis, modice profundis, striola autica notatis. Ely- 
tra thoraci arete conjuncta, postice subangustata, ad apicem 
leviter sinuata ; striata, interstitiis subconvexis, 3 10 5 to que parum 
elevatis, dorso obsolete carinatis, 3 io , 5 l °, 7 mo que postice seria- 
tim punctatis : serie submarginali medio non interrupta. 

13. ill e r U 1 a . Germ. Ins. Nov. (Harpalus.) Dej. Sp. Gen. 

Habitat in provinciis australibus. 
Thorace antice minus angustato, ad latera obsoletius depresso, 
elytris profundius striatis, interstitiis magis convexis, 8erieque 
punctorum submarginali valde interrupta distinguendus. 

14. rusticilS. Say. Trans. Am. Phil. Soc. Vol. II. Habitat 

Praecedenti simillimus ; thorace tamen antice multo magis 
angustato, impressionibus basalibus paulo angustioribus, striola 
obsoleta, subobliqua impressis, B'erieque elytrorum submarginali 
non interrupta facile distinctus; interstitiis elytrorum nunc levi- 
ter convexis, nunc fere plains. 

15. * 1 1 i l)t i C U S. Ellipticus, depressua ; niger nit i Jus, tlw- 

rarc. antice angustato, angulis posticis leviter rotun- 
da/ is margine vix depresso, impressionibus basalibus 
indistinctissimis, angusfis, sparse punctatis; elytris 
interstitiis fere planis,3 io unipunctato, 5*°, 7 mo que pos- 
tirc punctatis ; palpis antennarumque anticulis 2 rvfis. 
Lung. 38, lat. 15o. Habitat NoviAureliani, a Horn. 
Giicx benevolo datus. 
Corpus Oodiforme. Depreasus, ellipticus, niger, nitidus. 
Cajnit lsBVe, impressionibus frontalibus brevibus profundis, sutu- 
ra frontali distincta. Antennas obscurae, articulis 2 rufis ; palpi 
rufi. Thorax capita duplo latior, latitudine Besqui brevior, antico 
angastatus, emarginatusque, basi leviter emarginatus; angulia 
anticifl rotundatis, lateribua requaliter rotundatus, angulis posticis 
obtusis, rotundatis; margine obsoletisaime depresso*; impressio- 
nibuB tranaversia nullia, linea longitudinali tenuissima, utrinque 
abbreviata, basahbus rectis, angustis, minima profundis, sparse 

Catalogue of the Geodophagous Coleoptera. 385 

punctatis. Elytra thorace non latiora, apice paulo sinuata; pro- 
funde striata, interstitiis planis, 3 10 ad rrientem ab apice um- 
punctato, 5 t0 ad apicem bipunctato, 7 mo punctis 5 vel 6 serie 
dispositis : serie suhmai-ginali medio paulo interrupta. Pedes 
nigri, tibiis antieis et intermediis rufo-piceis, tarsis nigro-piceis. 
§ 3. * Aplocextrus ;t tibiae anticae calcare terminali sim- 
plice ; palpis crassiusculis, articulo ultimo magis ovali. Cor- 
pus vel ellipticum, vel oblongum. 

16. CSeilUS. Say. Trans. Am. Phil. Soc. Vol. II.: Dej. Sp. Gen. 

Habitat NovEboraci minus frequens. 
a. Piceo-subcoeruleus : a Dom. Brevoort benevole datus. 

17. *Sub{eneilS. Ellipticus, nigro-piceus, nitore coeruleo mi- 

cans ; thorace quadrato, antice angustato, later ibus 
rotundatis ; angulis posticis rcctis, margine dcpresso, 
hasalibus subprqfundis , punctatis ; elytris striatis, 
interstitiis paulo convexis, 3 !0 unipunctato, antenna- 
rum basi, palpisque rujis ; epipleuris, tibiis tarsisqvt 
rufo-piceis. Long. *31, lat. '12. Habitat ad Brook- 
lyn NovEboraci, a Dom. Brevoort amice datus 
Ellipticus, nigro-piceus, nitore coeruleo irroratus. Caput 
lasve, impressionibus frontalibus fossulaeformibus, cumque sutura 
transversa distinctis. Mandibular piceee ; antenna fuscae, arti- 
culis 3 rufis ; palpi rufi. Thorax capite plus duplo latior, lati- 
tudine plus sesqui brevior ; antice angustatus, emarginatusque, 
angulis antieis rotundatis ; lateribus rotundatus, basi truncatus, 
angulis posticis rectis ; disco modice convexus, margine depres- 
so, versus basin crescente, obsolete punctato, subpellucido ; basi 
toto subtilius dense punctato ; impressionibus transversis dis- 
tinctis, medio angulatis ; linea longitudinali tenui utrinque abbre- 
viata, profunda ; basalibus oblongis punctatis, profundus, a 
giue discretis. Elytra ovalia, apice vix sinuata, margine 
picescentia, striata, interstitiis paulo convexis, 3 10 postice uni- 

t ctTAoof — simplex. xfvTjoy — spina. 

386 Catalogue of the Gcodcphagoiis ( '<:leoptera. 

punctato : serie submarginali punctonnn mm iiiterrupla: epi- 
pleura; rufo-piceaa. Pedes nigro-picei, trbiia tursiscpie rufo- 


Pra?cedente convexior, forma elliptica, !i vali, tboraetilate- 

ribus magis rotundatis, impression i bus profundioribus facile dio- 
18. * obscurus. Ettipticus cenvcxiusculus, riiger, parvm 
nitidus : thorace quadrato, untiv.e p&ruin n'ngusttttd, 
lateribus modice rotundatis , postice suhforeiilato joveis 
obsolete punctatis ; cli/tris tennc at rial is, inlei stilus 
paulo convexis, 3'°', antennarvm bast, 
pedibusque rvjis : palpis "iceis. I>"i-, r . 27, hi. II. 
Habitat in provincia M lasachusetts, a Dum. Harris 
amice datus. 
Ellipticus, convexiusculus, nigcr, parurn nitidns. Caput lave. 
Palpi picei, antenna obscune, aiticulis 2 ba.salibus pallidiniiUis. 
Thorax capite duplo latior, latitudinr summa sesqui brevinr, 
antice paulo angustattis, leviler ertiarginatus, angulis aiiitcis 
rotundatis j lateribus leviter rolundatus, ba»i reeie fere truiica- 
tus, angulis poslicis rectis rotund ■ tis ; margine piecscente; im- 
pressione transversa anteriore angubita disducia; linea Lungtit- 
dinali tenui, utrinque abbreviata^ basalibua parvis ubiirii^is, 
punctis paucis obsoletis. Elytra apice siuuata ; feline niara, 
interstitiis leviter convexis, .'>'" unipttnctalu ; serie pum mm 
submarginali non interrupta. Pedes nili 
10. 1 uj tus. Pej. »Sp. Gen. Habitat in proyun us ausi i 
20. lugubris. Dej. Sp. Gen. (Seleii'iphnms) 
Specimina pluria ad cataract am Nivgaias mt*nse 
<?, articulo basali taraorum anticorura parum d h 
subtus dense breviter pilosis, papillia online in ' 

Anisodactylis congruit : tibiis ami. is calcar >■ 

Catalogue of the Geodepliagous Coleoptera. 387 

EURYTRICHUS. t nov. gen. 

Corpus ovale, Calathum similans, alatum. 

Caput mediocre, antice subobtusum, oculis majusculis promi- 

MandibuljE incurvatas, apice rotundatae. 

Labrum quadratum, latitudine paulo brevius, angulis anticis 

Mentum breve, modice concavum, profunde emarginatum, me- 
dio dente valido, obtusoque munitum ; angulis anticis 

Maxilla, et Ligula invisas. 

Palpi tenuiusculi ; labiales articulis sequalibus, maxillares arti- 
culo 2 ndo longiore, crassioreque ; articulo ultimo 
praacedente paulo longiore ; levissime ovali, apice 
paulo truncato. 

Antenna subelongatae, filiformes, articulo 2 ndo reliquis duplo 
breviore ; reliquis aequalibus, l mo vix crassiore, ulti- 
mo apice rotundato. 

Thorax quadratus, antice paulo angustatus, postice truncatus. 

Elytra ovalia, apice vix sinuata. 

Scutellum parvum. 

Pedes mediocres ; tibiae sicut in Harpalo ; calcare terminali 
anticarum simplici. 

Tarsi $ antici sicut in Spongopus, articulo l mo paulo latiore ; 

$ intermedin minus dilatati, articulo l mo subtus non 

pubescente, reliquis sicut in tarsis anticis ; postici 

articulis longitudiue decrescentibus, ultimo praece- 

dentes duos aequante. 

Ungues simplices. 

1. tcrminatUS. Say. Trans. Am. Phil. Soc. Vol. II. N. S. 

J 1 nonnunquam nitore viridi-aeneo irroratus. 
Habitat in Pennsylvania, et ad Rocky Mountains. 

2. testaceus. 

-j-jygvj — latus, 6gi| — pilis, quasi tarsis (J subtus dense pilosis. 

383 Catalogue of the Geodephagous Coleoptcra. 

Habitat in Pennsylvania, minus frequens, a Dom. 
Melsheimer benevnle datus. 

3. a& I H S'. Dej. Sp. Gen. (Harpalus.) Abundat in Georgia. 

4. * n i t i d i p e n ll i S . Oblongus, afigustiusculus, obscure viri- 

di-ameus, nitidus ; thorace quadrato, postice suban- 
gustato, impressionc transversa anteriore, basalibusque 
linearibus pfofundis ; elytris nitidissimis, striatis, 
inter st it lis plants; antennarum basi,jiedibus palpisqus 
rvfis. Long. *3, lat. 'II. Specimen unicum $ m 
Georgia inventum. 
Praecedentem refert, at angustior, et convexior. 
Viridi-aeneus, nitidus, capite tboraceque obscurioribus. Cajml 
laeve, impressionibus frontalibus punctiformibus. Antenna arti- 
culis 3 basalibus rufo-testaceis, reliquis brunneo maculatis. 
Palpi run. T/torax capite sesqui latior, latitudine summa sesqui 
brevior, quadratus, antice posticeque truncatus, lateribus rotun- 
datis, angnlis posticis obtusis, non rotundatis, vix explanatis; 
disco convexiusculus, margine depresso ; impressione transversa 
anteriore profunda, angulata, linea longitudinali tenui utrinque 
abbreviata, basalibus linearibus. Elytra parallela, apice parum 
6inuata, striata, interstitiis accurate planis ; 3 10 unipunctato ; serie 
punctorum submarginali medio interrupta. Subtus niger, pedes 
et trocbantercs run. 

5. * 1) i C C 11 S . Oralis latiusculus, dej>ressus, piceus, nitidus, sub- 

tus rvfo-piccus ; thorace quadrato, antice angustato, 
marsme leviter depresso ; elytris tcnue-striatis, inter- 
s/it/is plants i 3'" unipunctato ; ore rufo-piceo, anten- 
narum basi,p>alpis, jiedibusque rvfis. Long. -41, lat. 
•17. Specimen unicum $ NovEboraci inventum. 
Pnecedentibus major, latior, et depressior. 
Plceua nitidus, subtus totus rufo-piceus. Caput laeve, impres- 
sionibus frontalibus punctiformibus, ore rufo-piceo. Antenna-. 
rufo-piceee, basi rufae. Thorax capite duplo latior, latitudine 
summa sesqui brevior, subqiiadratus, apice basique truncatus, 
ami. c an-u.-.tatus, angulis anticis rotundatis, posticie rectis, non 

Catalogue of the Geodephagous Coleoplera. 389 

srotundatis, lateribus rotundatus ; versus basin late depressus, 
obsoletissime rugoso-punctatus ; impressione transversa anteriore 
duplicata, posteriore recta; linea longitudinali vix distincta, 
basalibus latis vix distinctis, cum linea recta longitudinali obso- 
lete impressis. Elytra apice leviter sinuata, tenue-striata, inter- 
stitiis planis, 3 io postice unipunctato, stria rudim niali longa ; 
serie punctorum submarginali medio vix interrupta. E pi pleura 
rufo-piceae. Pedes rufi. 
6. dichrOUS. Dej. Sp. Gen. (Harpalus.) 

tricolor. Say. Trans. Am. Phil. Soc. Vol. I V. Habi- 
tat in provinciis mediis. 

Subdivisio III. — HarpahnL 

HarpalidcB. — p. Hope. 
StenolophidcB. — p. Hope, 
Corpus antice paulo angustatum. 
Caput postice leviter retraetum. 
Palpi articulo ultimo ovali, truncato plerisque ; in aliis apice 

attenuato acuminafoque. 
Tarsi antici et intermedii 6* plus minusve dilatati, sublux papil- 
larum serie duplici dense vestiti. 


1. stiglTlOSUS. Germ. Ins. Nov. (Harpalus.) 

impress US. Dej Sp. Gen. Habitat in provinciis 

2. * iripenilis. Ohlong?ts, depressus, niger, pcrnitidus; tlio- 

raoe quadrato, angulis posticts obtusis, subrotundatis, 
basi subtilitcr punctata ; clytris cyanco-micantibus, 
versus marginem subtilitcr sparse punctatis ; striatis, 
scriebus punctorum solitis distinctis : antennis, palpis, 
pedibusque ferrugincis . Long. "38, lat. '15. Habitat 
in Carolina, et NovEboraci minus frequens ; a Dom. 
Willcox benevole datus. 
Qblon^us, depressus, niger pcrnitidus. Caput valde obtusum, 
iabro piceo ; irapressionibus frontalibus parvis, sutura transversa 

390 Catalogue of the Gcodephagous Coleoptera. 

distincta. Antenna jmlpique rufo-ferruginei. Thorax capite 
paulo latior, latitudine fere sesqui brevioi*, quadratus, antice 
paulo emarginatus, angulis anticis subacutis, lateribus modice 
rotundatus, basi levissime emarginatus, angulis posticis obtusis, 
subrotundatis : disco fere planus, subtiliter rugosus, antice pos- 
ticeque striatus, tenuissime marginatus ; impressione transversa 
anteriore arcuata, linea longitudinali utrinque paulo abbreviata, 
basalibus latis, indistinctis, subtiliter punctatis. Elytra thorace 
non latiora, apice parum sinuata, cyaneo-micantia ; versus mar- 
ginem sparse punctata, striata, striis postice exaratis ; rudimen- 
tali brevi distincta : interstitiis parum convexis, seriebus punc- 
torum solitis distinctis : serie submarginali medio late inter- 
rupta. Subtus niger, pedes, coxa3 et trochanteres ferruginei. 

3. gagatinus. Dej. Sp. Gen. 

;// aurilS . Hald. Proc. Ac. Nat. Sc. Vol. I. 
J) r O d HCt US . Mels, MSS. fide Harris. 

Habitat in Pennsylvania et Massachusetts minus 
frequens. Long. -29, lat. "11. 
Niger, nitidus : caput laeve, labro, pal pis, antennisque pallide 
piceis ; thorax latitudine paulo brevior, antice emarginatus, an- 
gulis anticis rotundatis. lateribus modice rotundatus, basi recte 
truncatus, angulis posticis obtusis leviter rotundatis ; disco sub- 
planus, indistincte rugosus : impressione transversa anteriore 
arcuata distincta, posteriore minus profunda, linea longitudinali 
utrinque abbreviata, basalibus parvis rotundatis, non profundis, 
parce subtilius punctatis ; elytra parallela, apice vix sinuata, 
striis profundis, interstitiis planiu sculis ; seriebus punctorum 
solitis satis distinctis ; stria 8 va postice excavata ; serie submar- 
ginali punctis anticis indistinctis; femora nigro-picea, tibiae et 
tarsi rufo-picei. 

t. parallel US. Hald. Troc. Ac. Nat. Sc. Vol. I. 

Angustior, niger sulmitidus, antennis ]>aljri.squc jhiI- 
lidc rufo-jriceis, thorace subquadrato, angulis j>osticis 
rotundatis, basi leviter bisinuato ; clytris seriebus 

Catalogue of the Geodephagous Colcoplera. 391 

punctorum vix observandis. Long. - 29, lat. *10. Spe- 
cimen unicum in Territorio Missouri ensi inveni ; 
habitat etiam in Pennsylvania minus frequens. Mus. 
Dom. Melsheimer. 
Praecedente multo angustior, et magis para'ilelus. Niger, 
subnitidus, caput leeve, impressionibus punctiformibus ; antenna 
et palpi pallidi. Thor-ax latirudine paulo brevior, antice suban- 
gustatus, emarginatus, angulis rotundatis ; lateribus modice 
rotundatus, basi leviter emarginatus, bisinuatusque, angulis pos- 
ticis obtusis, modice rotundatis; disco leviter convexus, trans- 
verse rugosus ; margine versus angulos posticos anguste de- 
presso punctatoque ; impressionibus transversis fere nullis, linea 
longitudinali tenuissima, utrinque abbreviata, basalibus vix 
distinctis; basi toto subtilissime striato punctatoque. Elytra 
parallela, apice vix sinuata, striata, stria rudimentali longa dis- 
tinctaque ; interstitiis basi fere planis, postice convexis ; seriebus 
punctorum solitis fere obsoletis; serie marginali medio valde 
interrupta: pedes nigro-picei, tibiis tarsisque minus obscuris. 
5. *teiiebroSUS. Subelongatus, subconvexus, niger nitidus; 
antennis palpisque ferrugineis ; tJwrace subquadrato 
angulis posticis rotundatis, basi leviter bisinuato, 
margine postice cxplanato ; elytris striatis, puncto- 
rum seriebus solitis distinctis, j)edibus nigro-piceis. 
Long. - 26, lat. "10. Habitat ad Rocky Mountains. 
Praecedenti valde affinis, at magis convexus. 
Niger nitidus ; caput laeve, impressionibus frontalibus puncti- 
formibus ; labrum, antennae, palpique ferruginea. Thorax lati- 
tudiue vix btevior, antice vix emarginatus, lateribus rotundatus, 
angulis posticis ol>tusis, rotundatis, basi levissime bisinuato ; disco 
subconvexus, rugosus, margine versus angulos posticos leviter 
explanato, nonnunquam subtilius punctato, linea longitudinali 
antice abbreviata, distincta ; impressione transversa anteriore 
interdum modice distincta, arcuata ; basalibus nullis. Elytra 
apice non sinuata, profunda striata, magis versus apicem, stria 
rudimentali longa distinctaque ; interstitiis modice convexis, 

392 Catalogue of the Geodephagous Coleoptera. 

Beriebus punctorum solitis satis distinctis; serie submarginali 
medio late interrupt a. Pedes uigro-picei, tibiis tarsisque minus 

6. :i varicolor. Niger, pemitidus, ore, antennis, pedibusque 

testareis ; tkoracc lateribus valde rotundato, basi sub- 
til iter punctata ; ehjtris cijanco-micantibvs, intcrstitiis 
subplanis seriebus punctorum indistinctis. Long. *26, 
lat. 11. Habitat in Pennsylvania et Georgia minus 
Oblongus, angustiusculus, niger, pernitidus. Caput laeve,. 
impression ibus i'ere nullis, ore antennis palpisque rufb-testaceis 
Thorax latitudine sesqui brevier, subquadratus, antice leviter 
emarginatus, lateiibus valde rotundatus, postice leviter retrac- 
tus, angulis posticis obtusis valde rotundatis, basi levissime emar- 
ginatus; disco fere planus; impressionisms transversis fere 
nullis, liuea longitudinali teimissima, integra ; basalibus latis, 
minima profundis, subtiliter puuclatis. Elytra thorace vix 
latiora, parallela, postice rotundata, viridi cyaneoque micantia, 
striata, stria rudimentali longa distincta ; intcrstitiis subplanis, 
seriebus punctorum solitis inconspicuis, serie submarginali medio 
late interrupt a. Pedes rufo-testacei. 

7. * v i r i (1 c s c c ll s . Oblongus, niger, obscure riridescens, 

thorace auudmto, angulis posticis rotundatis, impres- 

sionibus basalibus non profundi? ,■ dytris prqfunde 

striatis, intcrstitiis contexts, seriebus punctorum solitis 

fere obsulchs : ant< nnis, paljpis, tibiis, tarsisqve rufo- 

piceis, Lpng. -.'5, lat. -11. Habitat ill Insula 

Louga NovEboraci, a D<>m. Brevo.ort amice datus. 

Habitus omiiiiio Eurytriclii nitidipennis. Oblongus, niger, 

obscure viridesceua, pemitidus. Caput obtusum, impressionibus 

frontal bus vi\ distinctis: antenna j>a/pii\ue rufo-picei. Thorax 

capite duple latior, latitudine Besqui brevior, quadratus, apiee 

vi\ fiiai'Miialo, basi fere rede truncate, lateribus rotundatus, 

angulis posticis obtusis rotundatis : disco parura oonvexua, tenu- 

iter margiuatOS ; imprcssionibus transversis fere nullis, linca 

Catalogue of the Geodcphagous Coleoptera. 393 

longitudinali postice paulo abbreviata, basalibus latis, minirae 
profundis, obsolete punctatis, basi medio obsoletissime rugose 
punctato. Elytra thorace non latiora, apice paulo sinuata, pro- 
funde striata, striis postice profundioribus ; rudimenlali subelon- 
gata ; interstitiis paulo convexis, seriebus punctorum solitis fere 
obsoletis, vix distinctis : serie submarginali punctorum ocellato- 
rum medio late interrupta. Subtus niger, femoribus nigro-piceis ; 
trochanteres postici, tibiae, tarsique rufo-picei. 

8. pedicularius. Dej. Sp. Gen. Habitat ubique minus 


9. troglodytes. Dej. ibid. Habitat ubique sat frequens. 

PrEecedenti simillimus, thorace tamen ad latera minus rotun- 
dato, basi minute rugoso, punctatoque, impressionibus basalibus 
profundioribus, seriebusque punctorum multo distinction bus, 
dignoscendus; in ambobus elytra versus marginem subtilissime 
punctata sunt, pubeque rara, depressa, grisea vix conspicua ves- 

10. * £E r e U S . Oblongus azneus nitidus ; thorace subquadrato, mar- 

gine levitcr depresso, explanatoque, basalibus parvis, 
parce subtillter punctatis, chjtris interstitiis levitcr 
convexis, seriebus punctorum satis distinctis ; ant<n- 
narum basi pedibusque ferrugineis. Long. "29, lat. 
•98. Habitat in Territorio Missouriensi. 
Oblongus aeneus, nitidus. Caput laeve, impressionibus fere 
nullis. Antennce, obscurae, articulis duobus basalibus pallidis ; 
palpi 7nandibulwque ferruginei, apice picei. Thorax subquad- 
ratus, latitudine brevior, angulis anticis rotundatis, lateribus 
modice rotundatus, basi fere recte truncatus, angulis posticis ob- 
tusis leviter rotundatis ; disco subconvexus, margine versus 
basin leviter explanato, punctis paucis indisJ inctis notato ; im- 
pressionibus transversis nullis, linea longitudinali antice abbre- 
viata, basalibus parvis, parce punctatis. Elytra thorace vix 
latiora, parallela, apice leviter sinuata, apice dense subtiliter 
punctata; striata, striis postice profundioribus, interstitiis leviter 

394 Catalogue of the Geodephagous Coleoptera. 

convexis, punctorum seriebus solitis distinctis ; stria rudimentali 
brevi ; pedes ferruginei. 

A prae cedentibus duobus thoracis margine distincte explanato, 
elytrisque aj)ice distincte punctatis dignoscendus. Elytra (sicut 
in illis) versus marginem subtilissime punctata, pubeque rara 
brevi vestita sunt. 

11. * J) 1 a 11 i p e 11 n i S . Nigro-aneus, nitidus ; thorace sub- 

quadrato, margine postice explanato, punctatoque, 
i/nj>rcssionibus basalibus parvis, subtiliter punctatis ; 
elytris tenuc-striatis, intcrstitiis accurate plants, serie- 
bus solitis ijidistinctis, intermedia evidentiore, pedibus, 
antctmisque ferrugineis. Long. -20, lat. "09. Spe- 
men unicum prope Long's Peak, Rocky Mountains, 
Oblongus; Nigro-aaneus, nitidus. Caput laeve, sutiu-a fron- 
tali distincta, punctoque prope labium utrinque impresso ; an- 
tenna? palpique rufi. Thorax subquadratus, latitudine sesqui 
brevior, antice non angustatus, apice basique truncatus, lateri- 
bus rotundatus, angulis posticis obtusis minus rotundatis ; disco 
Bubconvexus, margine versus angulos posticos explanato, punc- 
tatoque ; impressionibus transversis, lineaque longitudinali fere 
nullis; basalibus latis, indistinctis, subtiliter punctatis. Elytra 
thorace vix latiora, parallela, vix sinuata, ad apicena margi- 
nrmqiie punctata; tenue-striata, imerstitiis accurate planisj 
serie punctorum interna vix distincta, secunda evidentiore. 
Pedes fbrruginei. 

12. o V a 1 i S. Dej. Sp. Gen. Habitat in provinces australibus. 
L3. e 111 Dtl C U S . Dej. Sp. Gen. Habitat in provinciis aus- 
tralibus et ad Rocky Mountains. 

14. p u 1 i c a r ins. J)»-j. ibid- Habitat cum priore. 

15. gra liar ius. Dej. il>id. Habitat in provinciis austra- 


Catalogue of the Geodep/iagous Cuhojdcra. 395 

PANGUS. Ziegler. 
1. caliginosus. Fabr. Syst. Eleuth. Abiindat in provinciis 
rnediis, occidentalilms, el austrahbus. 


1. pennsylvanicus. DeGeer. 

bicolor var. Dej. Sp. Gen. Habitat in pfovinciis 
A sequente, thorace ad basin marginemque aubtiliua cbnfertis- 
sime punctata, impressiouibue basalibua rotundioribus profundi- 
oribusque, cura margine minus confluentibus, interst^tiis elytrorum 
4 to et 6 to punctatis, praecipue versus basin ; corporeque toto sub- 
tus ferrugineo-flavo facile distinguendus. 

2. bicolor. Fabr. Syst. Eleuth.: Dej. Sp. Gen. Abundat 


3. * c O m p a r . Oblongn , niger, nit dus thorace subquadrato, 

marginato, margine versus basin non <lilat<tt<> <in±iv!is 

postieis subobtusis, letit r explanatis, den ius subtiliter 

punctata,; basalibus latis non proj ■> lis ; elyti u stri- 

atis, ad apicem leviter sinuatis, <u.t< w ■ palpis, man- 

dibularum ha si, pedibusque ferrug neis. Long. 

62 — :',(), lat. 2\ — .19. II ibitat cutn priore. 

Ad banc specu-m forte referendus esl Harpalus fauni s Pej. 

Sp. Gen.; qui a specie Sayo descripta plane difFert. Vide Am. 

Phil. Trans. Vol. II. N. S 

Statura othnino praecedentis, obl< n-. us, niger i itiihi*. Ca] ut 
laeve, impressipnibus frontalibus minutia | unctifbrmibus, si tura 
frotitali distincta ; oculis modice promlnulis : W adibulae piceae, 
basi ferrugineae. Antenna palpiupxe ferruginei. Th orax lat it u- 
dine paulo brevior, antice leviter eraarginatus, angulis anticis 
subdeflexis, Iateribus u que ad medium pnod ce rbtundatis, de n 
rectis, levissime retractis ; basi trui catus, nonnui qu m leviss me 
emarginatus, angulis postieis obtusis, U \ ite'i explai atis, late dense 
subtiliter punctatis; disco Bubconvexud, Cenuiter marginatum, 

306 Catalogue of the Geodephagous Coleoptera. 

marline versus basin non dilatato; impressione transversa ante- 
rinre indistincta, angustata, a margine remota, posteriore s-ub- 
rectn, eonnunquam obsolete, linea longitudinal! antice abbre- 
viata, basalibiu latia indistinctis, subtilius dense punctatis. 
Elytra thorace non latiora, parallela apice leviter sinuata ; stri- 
ata, interstitiis vix convexis ; exterioribus o* impunctatis, in 9 
nonnumquam subtilissime punctatis. Abdomen nonnnnquam 
medio rufescente ; pedes ferruginei. 

A Harpalo bicolore impressionibus frontalibus minoribus, tho- 
race tenuius marginato, basi subtilius densius punctato ; impres- 
sionibus minus profundis ; elytrorum interstitiis minus convexis, 
exterioribus vix punctatis, satis distinctus videtur. 

4. erythropilS. Dej. Sp. Gen. Habitat NovEboraci. 

Praecedente sesqui minor, thorace ad basin minus subtiliter 
punctato, elytrisque postice magis sinuatis distinctus. 

5. fa 11 11 US. N.S. 

I) a (1 i U S . Dej. Sp. Gen. Habitat in provinciis mediis. 
A praecedentibus thoracis lateribus fere rectis, parallelisque, 
versus basin levissime sinuatis distinctus. 

6. 1 o 11 tl I <■ o I I 1 s. Ohio/mux, niger, nitidus, thorace latitii- 

dinc mm breviore, poatict leviter anguataio, tmuiter 

marginato, basi dense punctato, late indistincteqne 
i in i'ii sso ; elytrii stria tis, interstitiis exlemis punc- 
tatis, antennis, palpiSfpedibusqteejcrrttgineis. Long. 
• '•"), hit. "10. Habitat NovEboraci minus frequens. 
PraTcdcniibus ongustior, niger, nitidus. Caput lasve ; im- 
pressionibus frontalibus punctiformibua ; sutura frontali externa 
obsolete, oculis modice prominulis. Antenna' palpique ferru- 
ginei. Thorax raphe paulo latior, latitudine non brcvior, antice 
leviter emarginatus, lateribus usque ail medium rotund atis, dein 
rectis, modice retractis, basi recte trnncatus, angulis posticis 
leviter explanatis, obtuaia, mm rotundatis; disco p&rum con- 
vexus, margine tenui depresao, versus basin evanescente ; im- 
pii-ssi(inil>iis ti-msveisis indistinctis, anteriore angulala, linea 

Catalogue of the Geodcphagous Coleoptera. 397 

longitudinali postice abbreviata, basalibus parvis, non profundus, 
cum angulis posticis dense punctatis. Elytra thoracis basi 
paulo latiora, parallela, apice leviter sinuata, striata, interstitiis 
modice convexis ; externis usque ad 4 tum plus minusve puncti- 
culatis, serie punctorum submarginali medio non interrupta. 
Pedes feiniginei. 

7. spadiceus. Dej. Sp. Gen. 

mutabillS. Haldeman Proc. Ac. Nat. Sc. Vol. I. 
Habitat NovEboraci minus frequers. Specimen e Pennsyl- 
vania a Dom. Haldeman sub nomine mutabilis benevole missum, 
cum alio mihi lecto exacte convenit, sutura frontali excepta, quae 
minus distincta videtur. 

8. erratic US. Say. Trans. Am. Phil. Soc. Vol. II.: Dej. 

Sp. Gen. 

9. viridis. Say. ibid. 

a$ similis . Dej. Sp. Gen. Habitat ad Newport, pro- 
vincial Rhode Island. 

10. vulpeculus. Say. Trans. Am. Phil. Soc. Vol. II. 

N. S. 
n igripennis. Dej. Sp. Gen. Habitat in provin- 
ces mediis minus frequens. 

11. rotundi C ollis. Kirby, F. B. A. Vol. IV. Specimen 

unicum prope Long's Peak. Rocky Mountains, cum 
sequente inventum. 

12. amputatUS. Say. Trans. Am. Phil. Soc. Vol. IV. 

N. S. 
StephensH. Kirby, F. B. A. Vol. IV. Habitat ad 
Rocky Mountains. Variat niger nitidissimus, pur- 
pureus, viridi-purpureus, vel etiam aeneo-viridis. 

13. * m e ga cophalus. Oblongus, njgro-picett*, nitidus, ca- 

pite magno, thorace non angustiorc, hoc suhquadrato, 
impressionibus basalibus projundis, leviter punctatis, 

398 Catalogue of the Geodephagous Coleoptera. 

tris apice vi.r sinuatis, profunde stria tis, intersti- 
tiit leviter donvexis, antennis, jwlpis, pedibus, epiplc- 
urisque frmigincis. Long. -125, lat. *35, Habitat 
ad Lacum Superiorem. 
Oblongus, nigro-piceus, nitidus. Caput magnum subquadra- 
tum, pone oculos vix retractum, laeve, impressionibus front alibus 
parvia, foveolaeformibus ; sutura frontal) distmcta. Thorax sub- 
quadratus, latitudine paulo brevior, lateribus parum rotundatus, 
antice posticeque truncatus, angulis posticis leviter obtusis rotun- 
datisque ; disco leviter convexus, tenuiter marginatus ; impres- 
sione transversa anteriore a margine remota, arcuata; tinea 
longitudinal] profunda, antice abbreviata, basalibus parvis, pro- 
fundi*, leviter punctatis ; punctis ad angulum extendentibus. 
Elytra obscure castanea, parallela, apice non sinuata, profunda 
Striata ; interstitiis leviter convexis, serie submarginali puncto- 
rum medio non interrupta. Antenna, palpi, epi pleura pcdcsque 
II. herbivagUS. Say. Trans. Am. Phil. Soc. Vol. IT. N. S. 

1 )('j. Sjl. ( it'll. 

Habitat ubiqae. II. erythropom (Dej.) refert; ai dimidio 
minor, <t ihorace angulis posticis minus e&plauatia, subtiliua 
punctatis, i lytrisque apice non sinuatis. 

l- r >. * DrOXJ III US. OblongU*, nigrr, nl ni ism pin us, ihorace 

quadrate, postia punetato % a/ignlts poeticii obtusis, 
rotuudatis ; impressionibus basalibus latis, non pro- 

fundis ; th/tris a pier vis sinuatis, aiitinins, jniljus, 
prilihusqiir Ji/rugi/tcis. Long. '35, lat. ■!«">. Habitat 
ad Lacum Superiorem, 
Statura omnino prascedentis. Niger, vcl nigro-piceus, sub- 
nit id us. ( 'a put hi've, impressionibus front alibus minulis ; sutura 
frontali distincta : palpi picei, apice basique ferruginei, antemus 
ferrugineaSi Thorax capita latior, latitudiue brevior, subquad- 
ratus, antice emarginatus, angulis auticis rotundatis, lateribus 
paulo rotundatus, basi truncatus, angulis posticis obtuaia, rotun- 
datis; disco poatice subplanus, versus angulos pOStlCOS BubtiliuS 

Catalogue of the Geodephagous Coleoptcra. 399 

dense punctatus : impressionibus tr&nsversis fere nullis, linea 
longitudinali indistincta, utrinque paulo abbreviata ; basalibus 
latis, non profundis. Elytra opaciuscula, thorace non latiora, et 
duplo longiora, apice rotundata, vix sinuata, striata, interstitiis 
subconvexis, 3 10 unipunctato ; serie punctorum submarginali 
medio subinterrupta. Pedes ferruginei. 

1G. pleuritic us. Kirby, F. B. A. Vol. IV. Habitat ad 
Lacum Superiorem. 
Staturafere prsecedentis ; thorace angulis posticis minus rotun- 
datis, mandibulis rubro-piceis, epipleuris, palpisque ferrugineo 
flavis sat'distinctus. 

17. '* fo V e i C O 1 1 i S. Oblongus, nigro-piceus: thorace sub- 

quadrato ; lateribus rotundato, deplanatoque, angulis 
posticis rotundatis, impressionibus basalibus, transver- 
saque anterior e profundis ; clytris striatis, interstitio 
3 10 unipunctato ; antennis palpis, pedibusque flavis ; 
thoracis margine, epipleurisque rufopiceis. Loner. 
•36, lat. *13. Habitat ad fines Aquilones, provincige 
Maine : a Dom. Brevoort amice datus. 
Statura praecedentium 4. Nigro-piceus, nitidus. Caput\de\e : 
impressionibus frontalibus minutis ; sutura frontali vix conspi- 
cua : mandibular basi piceae. Antenna palpique ferrugineo- 
flavi. Thorax capite sesqui latior, latitudine sesqui brevior, 
subquadratus, antice leviter emarginatus, angulis anticis rotun- 
datis, lateribus rotundatis, angulis posticis obtusis rotundatis : 
disco minus convexus, transversim rugosus, margine depresso 
rufo-piceo : impressione transversa anteriore arcuata, valde pro- 
funda, linea longitudinali profunda, antice abbreviata, basalibus 
rotundatis, profundis, a margine depresso discretis. Elytra 
parallela, apice vix sinuata, striata, interstitiis vix convexis, 3 io 
postice unipunctato : epipleurte rufo-piceae. Pedes rufo-flavi. 

18. *ventralis. Oblongo-ovalis, subdeprcssus, supra nigro- 

piceus nitidus, subtus piceo-fcrrugineus ; thorace quad- 
rato, lateribus antice rotundatis, angulis posticis rcctis, 

400 Catalogue of the Geodephagou* Colcoptcra. 

imprtsaionibui basalibus linear ibus ; ehjtris tcnue- 

s/riatis, interstitiis jdanis, ore, antennis, pedibusque 

rufo-piccis. Long. -35, Iat. '15. Habitat prope 

Long's Peak. 

OMongo-ovatis, parallelus, aubdepreaaua : supra nigro piceus. 

Caput hive, sui hi a frontali distiticta, impressionibus frontalibus 

minutis, ore, antennis, palpisque rufo piceis. Thorax capite 

scscjiii latior, latitudine nun brevior, quadratus, antice vix emar- 

ginatue, lateribus antice rotundatis, poa'tice subrectis, basi trun- 

catia, angulia poaticia accurate reclia, obsolete explanatia: im- 

preaaionibus tranaveraia fere nullia, linea longitudinali tenui, 

baaalibus linearibus, non profundia 1 Elytra apice leviter sinu- 

ata, striata, striis postice profundioribus, interstitiis planis. Sub- 

tus totus dilute rufo-piceus. 

a. Paulo major, subtus niger, antennis, palpis, pedibusque 

rufo-piceus. Specimen unicum cum priorilms lectum. 

19. * c 1 1 i |) s i s. Subdepresstts, niger, 6* nitidus, 9 nitidiuscula, 

thorace quadrate, lateribus ctqualiter paulo rotunda- 

tit, bast truncato ; impressionibus basalibus rertis, 

hie ril, us, elytris striatic, interstitiis planiusculis i an- 

tc/mis ]>iiljns, tursisquc rvfis. Long. # 30, lat. *13. 

Habitat in Terrkorio Misaourienai. 

Habitus ellipticua, subdepreaaua Selenophori cujusdam. 

Caput heve, impressionibus tVontalibus punctifbl niibus, sutura 

tranaversa, distincta. Antenna-, palpique ferruginei. Thorax 

< ; 1 1 > j i < • sesqui latior, latitudine summa, paulo brevior, quadratus, 

antice leviter ematginatus, lateribua regulariter paulo rotundatis, 

baai obsolete emarginato, angulia poaticia fere rectia, paulo rotun- 

daiis ; impresaionibua transversa fere nullia, anteriore angulata ; 

linea longitudiuali tenuiaaima utrinque abbreviate, basalibus 

tie, brevibus, linearibua. Elytra tborace non latiora, apice 

paulo sinuala, strinta, interstitiis planiusculia (in 9 accurate 

plains) 3' 10 postice unipunctato. Pedes nigri, taraia ferrugineia. 

x. Antennis artieulis 2 basalibus rulis, relbpiis fuaCIB : 1 arsis 

nigro-piceia. Habitat cum priore, el in Louisiana. 

Catalogue of the Gcodephagous Coleoptera. 401 

20. nitidlllus. Chaud. Ball, tie la Soc. Imp. des Nat. de 

Moscou. 1841. 

Ellipticus, piceus, pernitidus, thorace quadrato, 
antice leviter angustato, postice truncato, angulis pos' 
ticis obtusiusculis ; impressionibus basalibus brevibus 
linearibus ; elytris prqfundc striatis, inter stitiis leviter 
convexis, 3 10 unipunctato, stria rudimentali brevi ; 
antennis, palpis, pedibusque ferrugincis : palpis apice 
non lruncatis,fere acutis. Long. -25, lat. # 11. 
Habitat in provinces australibus et occidentatibus ; a Dom. 
Zimmerman sub nomine amaroides missus. 

21. * Varicomis. Oblongo-ovalis, niger, nitidus, subdepres- 

sus, thorace quadrato, breviusculo, antice subangus- 
tato, angulis posticis rcctit, leviter explanatis ; im- 
pressionibns basalibus latis, non projundis, subtdius 
punctatis ; elytris tenuc-striatis, intcrstitiis leviter 
convexis, 3 io unipunctato ; antennis nigris, articulo 
l mo ferrugineo : palpis apice subacutis. Long. '35, 
lat. "15. Habitat ad Lacum Superiorem. 
Oblongo-ovalis, depressus, niger nitidus. Caput laeve, im- 
pressionibus frontalibus punctiformibus, sutura frontali tenui, 
vix distincta; palpi apice non truncati, subacuti ; antenna: nigrae, 
articulo l m0 ferrugineo. Thorax capito duplo latior latitudine 
summa sesqui brevior, antice subangustatus, lateribus modice 
rotundatus, basi recte truncatus, angulis posticis rectis, non 
rotundatis, leviter explanatis ; impressionibus transversis fere 
nullis, linea longitudinali antice abbreviata, tenuissima ; basa- 
libus latis brevibus, medio fere coeuntibus, ab angulis explana- 
tis discretis, non profundis, subtilissime sparse punctatis. Ely- 
tra apice paulo sinuata, tenue-striata, interstitiis leviter convexis, 
3'" postice unipunctato : stria rudimentali longa. Pedes nigri. 

22. nigerrimus. Dej. Sp. Gen. 

nigrita. Mels. MSS. Habitat in Pennsylvania, minus 
frequens : a Dom. Melslicimer benevole datus, 

402 Catalogue of the Geodephagom Coleoptera. 

2. r J. • r 11 f i 111 a II US. Ohlungus, niger nitidus, ($ ehjtris opa- 
ciusculis,) tliorae.e subqvad/uto, angulis posticis suh- 
ob/usis, leviter explanatis, imj)ressionibus basalibus 
prqfundiuseuUs, subt.Hiter punctatis; ch/tris striatis, 
interstitiis mod ice con rex is, 3'° j/ostice unipunctato ; 
anti-nuts, pa/pis, tartisque anticis rufo-piceis. Long. 
•43, lac. '17. Habitat ad Lacum Superiorem. 
Crassiusculus, oblongus, niger nitidus. Caput laeve : impres- 
sionibus f'rontalibus parvis, rotundatis. sutura transversa distinc- 
ta. Antenna 1 , palpiqne rufo-picei, hi apice truncati. Thorax 
capite sesqui latior, Li undine summa fere duplo brevior, quad- 
ratus, antice posticeque truncal us, lateribus rotundatus, angulis 
posticis obtusis, rotundatis, leviter explanatis ; impressione trans- 
versa anteriore distincta, arcuaia, linea longitudinali antice ab- 
breviata, basalibus rotundatis, modice profundis, subtiliter dense 
punctatis. Elytra thoracc non latiora, apice vix sinuata, in $ 
nitida, 9 opaciuscula, striata (profundus in <?) interstitiis paulo 
convexis, 3'" postice unipunctato, stria rudimentali longa, recta. 
Pedis nigri, tarsia anticie rufo-piceis; intermediis $ dilatatis, 
articulis (sicut in praecedentibus) triangularibus. 
21. * funestUS. Crassiusculus, parallelus, niger nitidus; 
capite majusculo, thoract quadrato, lateribus rotun- 
da to, angulis posticis accurate irectis, leviter explana- 
tis, imprcssionibus basalibus parpis, sparse punctatis; 
elytris striatis, interstitiis convexis, 3*° unipunctato; 
antennis palpi sque obscure piceis, his apice subacutis. 
Long. '50, bit. -21. Habitat prope Long's Peak: 
Rocky Mountains. 
Crassiusculus, parallelus, niger nitidus. Caput lasve, raajus- 
culum ; impresBionibus frnntalibus punctiformibus, sutura valde 
profundi; antenna palpique obscure picei, hi apice BU'bacoti. 
77/ 1 1 in. r capite latior, latitudine Bumma duplo brevior, quadratus, 
lateribus antice modice rbt.un itis, angulis posticis accurate 
lcctis, explanatis; disco subcouvexus; impressione transversa 

Catalogue of the Geodephagous Coleoptera. 403 

anteriore arcuata, indistincta.linealongitudinali tenuissima, antice 
abbreviata, basalibus parvis, brevibus, sparse punctatis. Elytra 
obtusiuscula, apice leviter sinuata, thorace plus duplo longiora, 
striata ; interstitiis modice convexis, 3 io postice unipunctato, stria 
rudimentali longa. Pedes nigri : tarsi intermedii $ parum dila- 
tati, subtus tamen papillis serie duplici (sicut in aliis) instruct!. 
Ad genus 6equens transitionem facit haec species anomala. 

Mentum dentatum, dente longo, integro. 
Palpi apice acutiusculi, non truncati. 
Tarsi antici 6* valde dilatati, articulis subtriangularibus angulis 

rotundatis, penultimo sub-bilobato. 

intermedii $ non dilatati, vel parum dilatati, subtus 

papillis solitis serie duplici instructi. 
Habitus oblongus, subdepressus plerisque, rare subcylindrico- 

elongatus, Agonoderum fere similans. 

Reliquis cum Harpalo congruit. 
Species sequentes cum descriptione Dejeaniana (Sp. Gen. 
IV.) exacte congruunt. Genus tamen proprium verisimiliter 
efformare debent. Nam MM. Audouin and Brulle" (Hist. Nat. 
des Ins. Tom. II. p. 447,) tarsos anticos & dilatatos, penicello 
denso, integro in Geobaeno vestitos esse dicunt, (sicut in Aniso- 
dactylis.) Species tamen subtus laudataa ad Harpalinos vcros 
referandae sunt : tarsis <? dilatatis serie duplici papillarum pen- 
naeformium instructis. 

1. autumnalis. Say. Trans. Am. Phil. Soc. Vol. II. N. S. 


Habitat NovEboraci minus frequens. 

2. # arenarillS. Deprcssus, piceus, nilidus : thorace postice 

suhangustato, angulis posticis obtusis, non rotundatis, 
anguste explanalis, impress ionibus basalibus linearibus 
profundus ; elytris striatis, interstitiis fere planis ; an- 
tennis, palpis, epipleuris pedibmque pallide rxfo-piceis. 

404 Catalogue of the Geodephagous Coleoptera. 

Long. -23,lat. *10. Habitat in provinciis orientalibus : 

a Dora. Harris, sub nomine Araarse arenariaa benevole 


Praecedentem valde refert : colore piceo (non nigro,) thorace 

postice impresso, angulis posticis prominulis, explanatis, impres- 

sionibus basalibus longioribus, stria rudimentali nulla, intersti- 

tiisque elytrorum minus convexis facile distinctus. 

Piceus nitidus. Caput majusculum, obtusum, impressionibus 
frontalibus vix conspicuis ; labrum latum, breve, emarginatum. 
Antenna palpique pallide rufo-picei. Thorax capite paulo 
latior, latitudine sesqui brevior, quadratus, postice subangustatus, 
antice leviter emarginatus, lateribus modice rotundatis, postice 
obsolete sinuatis, basi truncatus, oblique ad latera, angulis pos- 
ticis obtusis minime rotundatis, anguste deplanatis ; impressione 
transversa anteriore arcuata, posteriore valde profunda, arcuata ; 
linea longitudinali profunda, antice abbreviata : basalibus rectis, 
linearibus profundis. Elytra thorace paulo latiora, apice sub- 
attenuata, vix sinuata, striata, interstitiis vix convexis, stria rudi- 
mentali nulla : epipleuraa pedesque pallide rufo-picei. 

3. atr im edius. Say. Trans. Am. Phil. Soc. Vol. II. N. S. 

S i in His . Kirby, F. B. A. Vol. IV. (Trechus.) 
Habitus et statura Agonoderi pallipedis (Fabr.) Specimina 
duo ad Evansville, provincial Indiana 1 mense Maio legi. 

4. ruficTUS. Kirby loc. cit. sup. (Trechus.) 

badiipenilis . Hald. Proc. Ac. Nat. Soc. Vol. I. 

Thorax in hac specie rotundatus est, postice subangustatus, 
angulis posticis rotundatis, iirrpressionibus basalibus latis, sparse 
punctatis : elytra striata, stria rudimentali brevissima, interstitiis 
planis, 3'° postice unipunctatoj antennarum articulo l mo , palpi, 
pedesque rufi ; femoribus leviter obscuratis. Cavendum est ne 
cum Stenolopho ochropezo (Say.) confundatur; palpis apice 
paulo acutioribus, thorace angulis posticis paulo minus rotun- 

Catalogue of the Geodephagous Coleoptera. 405 

datis ; elytris interstitiis planioribus, infuscatis, minime coeru- 
leo-micantibus dignoscatur ; epipleurae nigra? sunt, postice rufes- 
centes, in S. ochropezo omnino rufae. 

Habitat in Pennsylvania minus frequens. Specimen unicum 
a Dom. Melcheimer benevole datum. 

5. * lllgubris. Nigro-jriceus, n'xtidus, thorace quadrato, pos- 

tice parum angus'ato, angulis posticis obtusis, rotwi- 
datis ; elytris profunde striatis, interstitiis convexis, 
3'° unipunctato : antennarum articulo l mo , palpis pe- 
dibusquc ferrugineis. Long. -23, lat. -09. Habitat 
ad Lacum Superiorem. 
Habitus et affinitas summa Stenolophi ochropezi (Say.) 
Oblongus, elongatus, nigro-piceus, nitidus. Caput laeve, 
sutura frontali nulla, impressionibus frontalibus brevibus, vectis, 
profundis, antennarum articulo l mo palporumque apice ferru- 
gineo. Thorax subquadratus, lateribus modice rotundatus, pos- 
tice leviter angustatus, basi fere recte truncatus, angulis posticis 
obtusis, leviter rotundatis, non explanatis ; impressione trans- 
versa anteriore angulata, vix distincta, linea longitudinali pro- 
funda, integra ; basalibus brevibus profundis, punctis paucis 
subtilibus notatis. Elytra latiora, profunde striata, interstitiis 
convexis, 3 10 postice unipunctato, stria rudimentali brevi; serie 
punctorum submarginali medio valde interrupta : epipleurae 
nigro-piceae. Pedes rufo-ferruginei. 

6. tibialis. Kirby, F. B. A. Vol. IV. (Trechus.) Habitat 

ad Lacum Superiorem minus frequens. 
Praecedente minor, crassiusculus, tborace lateribus rotundato, 
angulis posticis fere rectis ; impressionibus basalibus rectis, linea- 
aribus ; elytrorum interstitiis paulo convexis ; antennarum arti- 
culo l m0 , palpis, tibiis, tarsisque rufo-ferrugineis. 

7- *quadricollis. Oblongus, depressus, nigcr nitidus ; tho- 
race quadrato, lateribus vix rofuftdato, angulis posticis 
accurate rectis, basalibus rectis, linear ibus ; elytris stri- 
atis, interstitiis plants, 3'° unipunctato, anntennarum 

£06 Catalogue of the Geodephagous Coleoptera. 

arliculo l mo , palporumque apice piceo-riifis. Long. "22, 
lat. "OS. Specimen unicum ad Lacum Superiorem 
Oblongus depressus, niger, nitidus. Caput lgeve, sutura fron- 
tali distincta, impressionibus frontalibus brevibus, profundis ; 
antenna nigrae, articulo l mo subtus rufo-piceo ; palpi picei, apice 
rufi. Thorax capite paulo latior, latitudine vix brevior, quad- 
ratus, antice leviter emarginatus, lateribus parum rotundatis, basi 
truncatus, oblique ad latera, angulis posticis rectis non rotunda- 
tis ; impressione transversa anteriore angulata, distincta ; linea 
longitudinali integra, profunda ; basalibus rectis, profundis, linea- 
ribus. Elytra thorace latiora, apice tenuiler piceo-marginata, 
parum sinuata, striata, interstitiis fere planis, 3 io unipunctato ; 
stria rudimentali brevi, vix distincta. Pedes nigri, tibiae basi 
8. *COrdicollis. Nigro-piceus, nitidus, thorace postice leviter 
retracto, angulis posticis obtusis, impressionibus basali- 
bus nullis ; di/lris slriaiis, stria rudimentali nulla, an- 
U nnarum articula \ m ", p<dporum apice, pcdibusipic rufis. 
Long. "20, lat. -97. Habitat ad Lacum Superiorem 
minus frequens. 
Oblongo-elongatus, nigro-piceus, nitidus. Caput lgeve, sub- 
convexum, striis frontalibus brevibus obliquis, 6utura vix dis- 
tincta. Antenna articulo l m0 rufo-ferrugineo, reliquis brunneis, 
obscuris. Palpi rufi, articulo 2 ndo , 3 10 que basi piceis. Thorax 
capite sesqui latior, latitudine summa paulo brevior. antice trun- 
catus, postice leviter rotundatus, lateribus valde rotundatus, pos- 
tice retractus, angulis posticis obtusis ; convexus, la?vis : impres- 
sionibus transversis nullis, linea longitudinali tenuissima vix 
observanda, basalibus fere nullis. Elytra tborace latiora paral- 
lela, apice rotundata, non sinuata, striata, interstitiis leviter con- 
\i-xis; stria rudimentali nulla; epipleurae postice rufo-picea 11 , 
SubtlU nigro-piceus, pedibus rufo-ferrugineis. 
0. rupestris. Say. Trans. Am. Phil. Soc. Vol. II. N. S. 

Catalogue of the Gcodephagous Coleoptera. 407 

el on g at ul US. Dej. Sp. Gen. (Acupalpus.) 
fl avipe S . Kirby.F. B. A. (Trechus.) Abundat ubique. 
Colore a rufo, ad piceum, vel etiam nigro-piceum 
Varietas picea, elyti'is rufo-marginatus, a Sayo (Trans. Am. 
Phil. Soc. Vol. IV. N. S.) sub nomine Stenolophi cincti des- 
cripta est. 
10. * congener. Elongatus, subdepressus, piceus nitidus : 
capite, abdominc, elytrisquc obscurioribus; thorace ovato, 
angidis posticis erplanalis, impressionibus basalibus 
lafis, non profundis, obsolete jntnctalis, elytris striatis, 
interstitiis subplanis, antennarum articidis 3, palpis, 
cpiplcuris, pedibusque testaceis. Long. *19, lat. *06. 
Habitat ad Rocky Mountains minus frequens. 
Ad hanc speciem forte referendus est Acupalpus debilipes 
(Say. Trans. Am. Phil. Soc. Vol. IV. N. S.) sed insectum ejus 
nigrum vel nigro-piceum erat ; verisimiliter colore variat. 

Statura et summa affinitas praecedentis. Elongatus, piceus 
nitidus. Caput obscurum, laeve, impressionibus frontalibus 
obliquis brevibus, sutura distincta. Antenna, obscurae, articulis 3 
basalibus, cum palpis testaceis. Thorax capite paulo latior, 
latitudine non brevior, rotundato-quadratus, postice parum an- 
gustatus, angulis posticis obtusis explanatis, basi leviter rotun- 
datus ; disco minus convexus, tenuiter marginatus ; impressione 
transversa anteriore arcuata, linea longitudinali integra, basalibus 
latis rotundatis, non profundis, obsolete punctatis. Elytra ob- 
scura, striata, stria rudimentali nulla ; interstitiis fere planis. 
Pedes, cum epipleuris rufo-testacei. 
11. * n e ff 1 e C 1 11 S . Elongatus, niger nitidus, thorace subquad- 
rato, angulis posticis valdc rotundatis ; impressionibus 
basalibus latis, non profundis, sparse punctatis ; elytris 
striatis, interstitiis paulo convexis, 3 io unipunctalo ; an- 
tennarum articulis 2, palpis, pedilnisque pallidis. Long. 
•12, lat. '05. Specimen unicum, ad insulam Macki- 
naw legi. 

408 Catalogue of the Geodephagous Coleoptera. 

Pra>cedente duplo minor. Niger nitidus. Caput leave, im- 
pressionibus frontalibus obliquis, profundis ; palpi pallidi ; an- 
tenna obscurce, articulis 2 basalibus pallidis. Thorax latitudine 
non brevior, antice vix emarginatus, basi leviter rotundatus, pos- 
tice paulo angustatus, lateribus modice rotundatus, angulis 
posticis leviter explanatis, valde rotundatis ; impressionibus 
transversis indistinctis, linea longitudinali profunda, integra, basa- 
libus latis, rotundatis, non profundis, cum angulis explanatis 
confusis, sparse obsolete punctatis. Elytra parallela, apice 
rotundata, non sinuata, profunde striata, interstitiis leviter con- 
vexis, 3'° unipunctato, stria rudimentali nulla. Pedes rufo-tes- 
tacei, postici rufo-picei, femoribus obscurioribus. 

1- h y 1 a C i S. Say. Trans. Am. Phil. Soc. N. S. Vol. II. (Har- 

americanus. Dej. Sp. Gen. Habitat in provinces 
mediis, sub cortice arborum emortuarum minus fre- 

2 *elongatllS. Angustatus, niger nitidus ; thorace basi 
punctulalo, angulis posticis obtusis, vix rotundatis, levi- 
ter explanatis ; clytris striis 2 n,,a , 5'° et 7 ma obsolete 
punctatis, antennis, palpis pedibusque rufis. Long. -25, 
lat. -09. Habitat in Georgia rarissime. 
Prafccedente angustior, niger nitidus. Caput, antenna palpique 
eadem. Thorax latitudine non brevior, antice posticeque trun- 
catus, lateribus rotundatis, angulis posticis leviter explanatis, 
obtusis, parum rotundatis ; disco convexus ; impressionibus trans- 
versis nullis, linea longitudinali tenui, utrinque abbrcviata; foveis 
basalibus parvis, punctatis. Elytra thorace paulo latiora, latitu- 
dine fere triplo longiora, parallela, postice modice rotundata, 
striata, striis 2""*», 5* et 7°» seriebus punctorum parum distinc- 
tis ; interstitiis hevibus, vix convexis. 

Catalogue of the Geodephagous Coleoptera. 409 


§ 1. Tarsi intermedii $ anticis minus dilatati, $ mento den- 
tato, dente minutissimo, qui sectione solum cernari potest. 
1» ocliropezus. Say. Trans. Am. Phil. Soc. Vol. II. N. S. 

(Feronia) : Dej. Sp. Gen. Abundat ubique. 
2. # COnvexicollis. Nigro-piceus, nitidus, thorace subro- 
tundato, angulis posticis valde rotundatis, leviter expla- 
natis ; impressionibus basalibus sparse punctalis ; elytris 
thorace latioribus, striatis, interstitiis convexis, 3'" uni- 
punctato ; antennarum articulis duobus, palpis, thoracis 
elytrorumque margine tenui, pedibusqiie rufo-teslaceis. 
Long. '21, lat. -07. Habitat ad Rocky Mountains. 
Oblongus, nigro-piceus, nitidus. Caput laeve, impressionibus 
frontalibus brevibus, obliquis, antenna obscurae, articulis duobus 
testaceis ; palpi testacei. Thorax latitudine non brevior, subro- 
tundatus, postice vix angustatus, angulis posticis valde rotun- 
datis, leviter explanatis ; disco subconvexus, tenuiter rufo mar- 
ginatus ; impressionibus transversis nonnunquam vix distinctis, 
posteriore paulo profundiore ; linea longitudinali tenui, postice 
abbreviata; basalibus latis, non profundis, sparse punctatis. 
Elytra thorace latiora, striata : interstitiis convexis, 3 10 unipunc- 
tato, stria rudimentali longa. Epipleurce, pedesque rufo-testacei. 
Praecedenti simillimus, at sesqui minor, thorace convexiore 
angulis posticis minus explanatis, elytris paulo latioribus distinc- 
tus videtur. 

§ 2. Tarsi intermedii valde dilatati, mentum in sexu 
utroque edentatum. 

3. carbonarius. Dej. Sp. Gen. (Harpalus.) Habitat in 

provinciis mediis sat frequens. 
Ad hoc genus rite pertinet ; est tamen $ articulus penulti- 
mus tarsorum dilatatorum profunde emarginatus bilobatusque, 
sicut in Stenolophis omnibus ; mentum quoque edentatum est. 

4. (1 i S S i m i 1 i S . Dej. Sp. Gen. Habitat in provinciis austra- 

libus minus frequens : a Dom. Zimmerman amice 

410 Catalogue of the Geodephagom Coleoptera. 

Cavendum est ne pro Agonodero haberetur ; a quo antennis 
longioribus facile dignoscendus. 

5. * f U S C i p e 11 II i S. Qfflong&s, niger, nitidus; elytris piceis, 

cyaneo-micantibits, profit nde striatis, interstitiis con- 
vexis, 3»° unipunctato ; antennarwnbasi,palpis, thoracis 
mttrgine, epiplcuris, tibiis tarsisque testaccis ; fcmori- 
bus piceis. Long. '27, lat. "10. Habitat NovEboraci. 
Oblongus, subdepressus, niger nitidus. Caput laeve, impres- 
sionibus frontalibus minutis, obliquis; palpi rufo-testacei ; an- 
tenna obscurae, articulo l mo testaceo. Thorax rotundato-quad- 
ratus, latitudine vix brevior, lateribus rotundatus, basi leviter 
rotundato, angulis posticis valde rotundatis ; disco subplanus, 
transverse leviter rugosus, tenuiter testaceo marginatus ; impres- 
sionibus transversis vix conspicuis, posteriore paulo profundiore ; 
linea longitudinali tenui, utrinque abbreviata ; basalibus latis 
oblongis, non profundis, sparse punctatis. Elytra picea, cyaneo- 
micantia, margine tenui rufo-testaceo ; profunde striata, intersti- 
tiis modice convexis, 3 10 unipunctato, stria rudimentali longa, 
recta : epipleurae testaceae. Femora picea, basi cum tibiis tar- 
sisque testacea. 

A sequente interstitiis elytrorum oonvexis satis distinctus. 

6. fuligillOSUS. Dej. Sp. Gen. 

versicolor. Kirby, F. B. A. Vol. IV. Habitat in 
provinces mediis et occidentalibus. Variat anten- 
narum articulo l m0 supra obscurato. 

7. p 1 o b C j U S. Dej. Sp. Gen. Habitat ubique minus fre- 


8. fllSCatUS. Dej. ibid. Habitat in provinces mediis, a Dom. 

Melsheimer benevole datus. 

9. conjunctus. Say. Trans. Am. Phil. Soc. Vol. II. N. S. 

mi S ell US . Dej. Sp. Gen. (Acupalpus.) 
rotund icollis. Haldeman Proc. Ac. Nat. Sc. Vol. 

I. (Acupalpus.) 

Catalogue of the Geodephagous Coleoptera. 411 

Abundat ubique. Variat testaceus, et nigro-piceus : 9 hujus 
speciei omnino cum Stenolophis typicis congruit. Habitus porro 
depressus, Acupalpo alienus, Stenolopho plebejo autem, vel 
potius S. fuscato supra laudatis similliraus. 

TRECHUS. auct. Anglicorum. 

Mentum medio dentatum. 

Tarsi $ parum dilatati. 

Palpi articulo ultimo valde acuminato. 

Genus sicut a Dejeanio formatum, valde heterogeneum erat, 
formas plures complectens ; mentum in aliis dentatum, in aliis 
simplex : tarsi <? anteriores in nonnullis valde dilatati (e. g. 
misellus,) in nonnullis antici (e. g. elongatus ;) in pluribus tamen 
vix dilatati (e. g. speciebus subtus citatis.) 

1- SUturallS. Rufo-piceus nitidus, thorace, elytrorum mar- 
gine suturaque dilutioribus, thorace postice subangus- 
tato, angidis posticis obtusis non rotundatis, basi punc- 
tata ; elytris profunde striatis, interstitiis convexis, stria 
rudimentali longa : antennarum basi, palpis, pedibusque 
testaceis. (Long. *17, lat. "06. Habitat in Georgia 
minus frequens. 
Sequente duplo major ; rufo-piceus nitidus. Caput lseve, 
impressionibus frontalibus obliquis, profundis ; sutura frontali 
valde impressa ; puncto verticali notatum ; palpi testacei ; 
antenna; rufo piceae, articulis 3 testaceis. Thorax rufus, capite 
latior, latitudine paulo brevior, quadratus, antice vix emargi- 
natus, angulis anticis rotundatis, lateribus rotundatis, postice 
paulo angustatus, basi truncatus, oblique ad latera ; angulis 
posticis obtusis non rotundatis, disco vix convexus, impressione 
transversa anteriore satis distincta, arcuata, a margine valde remo- 
ta ; linea longitudinali integra ; basalibus rotundatis, dense punc- 
tatis. Elytra planiuscula parallela, apice rotundata, thorace 
paulo latiora, latitudine plus duplo longiora ; rufo-picea nitida, 

413 Citalogm of the Gco<?cpliagous Co? cop (era. 

margino tenui, suturaque rufis ; striata, interstitiis convoxis, stria 
mdimentali longa rocta. Su?>tus rufo-piccus, epipleuric, padatque 

2. t 6 8 1 8 C 8 u s . Dej. Sp. Gen. Habitat NovEboraci. 

3. * 111 icros. Dej. Cat. liuj'o-tcstacctis, nit'nltis ; tlioracc quad- 

rata, /«>\//<r hritir aii^ustato, ttngvJu posticis vulilr 

rotundmtis, ant in- posticeque grosse punctata, dytria pro- 

fuiulc strialis, inlrrsliliis pannn conv<tis, 3** uiiij'iair- 

/(//o. Long. *10, lat. *04. Habitat in provinciis aus- 

tralibus, a Dom. Zimmerman sub nomine A. testacei 


Praecedente minor, rufo-testaceus nitidus. Caput subcon- 

V( \um ,laeve, sutura transversa profunda, impressionibus front a- 

libua brevibus, obliquis, profundis. Thorax capite latior, latitu- 

dine brevior, Bubquadratus, postice leviter angustatus; antice 

vi\ emarginatus, lateribus rotundatus, basi medio recte, ad 

latere oblique truncatus, angulis posticis fere nullis, valde rotun- 

datis ; impreesionibua transversis profundis, e serie punctorum 

formatis, posteriors profundiore; linea fongitudinsli Integra; 

basalibua rotundada, nun profundis, punctu paucu grossisnota- 

ti>. Elytra latitudine duplo longiora, apice rotundata, profunda 

striata, interstitiis paulo COUVexis, '■'■■"' unipunctato, stria rudimen- 

tali brevissima. 

I'i i ced( ate minor, thorace postice paulo magis retracto, im- 
preasionibus profundiorilnis, grossius punctatisj interstitiis ely- 
tralibui minus planatis, facile distinguendus. 

i. 1) ii in i I i s. Dej. Sp. Gen. Varial testaceus, capite ]>iceo. 
Habitat in provinciis mediis et ad Rocky Moun- 
•>■ p art i ;i r i n s. Say. Trans. Am. Phil. Soc. Vol. II. N. S. 
t Trecbns.) 
J/ u ll p v r C ll I ll S . Dej. Sp. (leu. 1 labitat cum priorc. 
a olytris piceis, tenuo testacoo-marginati8=:co/»*/;/ji//.v 
Dej. Sp. (Jen. 

Catalogue of the Geodephagous Coleoptera. 413 

6. difficilis. Dej. Sp. Gen. Habitat in provinces austra- 

Subdivisio IV. — Trechini. 
Corpus antice angustatum, in plerisque gracile. 
Caput postice nunc non retractum, nunc leviter coarctatum 

antice acutum. 
Palpi elongati, articulo ultimo conico, apice valde acuto. 
Tarsi antici # dilatati. 

AEPUS. Leach. 
TRECHVS. p. Dej. 
Corpus lineare, depressum. 
Caput magnum, thoracem aequans. 
Labrum quadratum antice paulo emarginatum. 
MandibuljE porrectae. 
Mentum vix concavum, medio profunde emarginatum, dente 

Palpi elongati, articulo ultimo conico, acuto, penultimo paulo 

longiore, et ei arete conjuncto, massam fusiformem 

form ante. 
Tarsi antici $ articulis 4 modice dilatatis, 1-3 10 subquadratis, 

4 t0 emarginato, sublunato, subtus spina valida ar- 


intermedii articulis 4 brevibus. 

postici articulo l mo elongato, 5 tum sequante. 

omnes articulis singulis setis longis sparsis termi- 

1. testaceilS. Obscure brunneus ; anfennis, palpis, thorace, 

clytrorum svtura apiceque, epipL tftf, ano, pedibusque 
rufo-teMaccis ; chjtris profunde slrinli.s, inter stilus 

convexls. Long. -16, lat. 05. Habitat in Pennsyl- 
vania ad urbem Columbiam : $ a Dom. Haldeman 

benevole datus : $ mihi lecta. 

414 Catalogue of the Geodephagous Coleoptera. 

Badister testaceus. LeConte. Proc. Ac. Nat. Sc. Vol. II. 

Elongatus, valde depressus, obscure brunneus. Caput mag- 
num, latitudine paulo longius, antice subacutum, pone oculos 
non coarctatum, laeve ; impressionibus frontalibus magnis, pro- 
fundisque : ore palpisque testaceis. Antenna capite cum 
thorace longiores, compressae, versus apicem leviter incrassatae, 
testaceas, articulo l mo pallidiore. Oculi parvi, non promi- 
nuli. Thorax capite non latior, latitudine non brevior, subcor- 
datus, antice truncatus, basi medio recte, ad latera oblique 
truncatus, pone medium modice angustatus, lateribus prope 
basin leviter sinuatis ; angulis posticis rectis, prominulis ; rufo- 
testaceus nitidus; impressionibus transversis distinctis, linea 
longitudinali profunda, basalibus subelongatis. Elytra thorace 
paulo latiora, latitudine duplo longiora, apice subtruncata, paral- 
lel a ; brunnea, sutura, margine apiceque pallidioribus j profunde 
striata, interstitiis convexis, leviter undulatis, stria rudimentali 
brevi, recta. 

.ZEpo fulvescenti (Leach.) Europee similis, moribus tamen 
difFert ; nam A. fulvescens fere submarinus est, vitam sub lapi- 
dibus eestu raro apertis degens. 

EPArHIUS. Leach. 
TRECHUS. p. Dej. 
Corpus gracile, subconvexum. 
Caput antice valde acutum. 
Palpi elongati, articulo ultimo conico, acuto, praecedente non 

longiore, et ei arete conjuncto, massam fusiformem 

Mentum concavum, medio dentatum, dente valido acutoque. 
Taksi antici <J articulis 2 interne dilatatis, spina brevi ad angu- 

lum interiorem munitis, parte dilatata subtus patella 

concava elliptica instructa. 
Elytra ovalia, connata. 

1. # 111 i C a 11 S . SnbrUmgatm, subdepressus, piceus, nitidus ; iko- 

Catalogue of the Geodepkagous Coleoptera. 415 

race postice angustato, disco bifoveolato, marginato, 
linea longitudinali valde profunda ; elytris ovalibus, 
cyaneo-micantibus, striatis, striis punctata, externis 
obsoletis, interstitio 3'° bipunctato ; antennis, palpis 
pedibusque pallidioribus. Long. '16, lat. "07. Habitat 
ad Lapointe Lacus Superioris. 
Obscure rufo-piceus, pernitidus ; seti3 longis paucis orna- 
tus. Caput subtiliter granulatum, pone oculos leviter trans- 
verse impressum, impressionibus frontalibus longis, curvatis. 
Oculi majusculi, prominuli. Antenna dilute rufo-picea? ; palpi 
testacei. Thorax capite latior, latitudine sesqui brevior, cor- 
dato-subquadratus, postice paulo retractus ; apice paulo emar- 
ginatus, basi truncatus, lateribus valde rotundatus, angulis 
posticis obtusis non rotundatis : disco parum convexus, utrinque 
ante medium foveolatus ; margine depresso reflexoque postice 
ambiente ; impressionibus transversis profundis, anteriore sub- 
angulata, linea longitudinali profunda, antice paulo abbreviata, 
basalibus parvis, rotundatis. Elytra maculis utrinque duabus 
magnis obscuris valde obsoletis ; ovalia, apice rotundata, cyaneo- 
micantia ; striato-punctata, striis externis obsoletis ; l ma ad 
apicem recurvata exarataque, stria submarginali exarata, pone 
medium antice abbreviata ; interstitio 3 10 punctis 2 impressis, 
alteroque ad apicem. Subtus rufo-piceus ; pedes pallidiores. 
!. * f U 1 V U S . Fulvo-testaceus, capite antennisque obscurioribus ; 
thorace quadrato, postice parum angustato, margine 
reflexo ; elytris ovalibus, striatis, striis punctatis, ex- 
ternis obsoletis ; interstitio 3 io bipunctato. Long. • 16, 
lat. "07. Habitat cum priore. 
Habitu3 fere praecedentis, at paulo latior. Fulvo-testaceus, 
nitidus ; caput rufo-piceum, pone oculos transversim leviter 
impressum, impressionibus frontalibns longis, curvatis ; oculi 
prominuli. Antenna obscure testaceae. Thorax capite latior, 
latitudine sesqui brevior, subquadratu3, postice vix retractus, 
antice parum angustatus, postice truncatus, angulis posticis ob- 

416 Catalogue of the Geodephagous Coleoptera. 

tusis non rotundatis ; disco parum convexus, margine depresso 
reflexoque, postice ambiente ; impressionibus transversis pro- 
fundis, linea longitudinali antice abbreviata, profunda, basa- 
libus parvis, rotundatis. Elytra ovalia, striato-punctata, striis 
externis obsoletis ; l ma ad apicem recurvata, exarataque, 2 nda 
leviter sinuata, submarginali exarata, antice valde abbreviata ; 
interstitio 3 io bipunctato, punctoque altero ad apicem. 

1. Tellkampfii. Erichson, Muller Archiv. fiir Anat. and 
Physiol. 1841. p. 384. 

Habitat ad speluncam giganteam (Mammoth Cave) 
provincial Kentucky: a Dom. Dr. Tellkampf bene- 
vole datus. 

1. pubesceilS. Dej. Sp. Gen. Habitat in provinciis aus- 
tralibus minus frequens. 


Euryderus? groSSUS. Say. Trans. Am. Phil. 

Soc. N. S. Vol. IV. (Amara.) Ha- 
bitat in Territorio Caurino, (N. W. 

Anisodactylus tristis. Dej. Sp. Gen. 

? melanopus. Hald. Proc. Ac. Nat. Sc. 

Vol. I. (Harpalus.) 
? paradoxus. Hald. ibid. Habitat in 


Selenophorus fossulatus. Dej. Sp. Gen. 
B e a u v o i s i i . Dej. ibid. 

Catalogue of the Gcodephagous Coleoptera. 417 

H a r p a 1 u s m a c u 1 i c o r n i s . Chaud. Bull, de Moscou . 


iripennis. Say. T. A. P. S. IV. 
dulricollis. Ferte. Rev. Zool. 1841, e 

b a s i 1 a r i s . Kirby. F. B. A. IV. 

Ochropus. Kirby. ibid. 
1 O n g i O r . Kirby. ibid. 

opacipennis. Hald. Proc. Ac. N. Sc. I. 

301. (herbivago similis sed difFert.) 

Stenolophus spretus. Dej. Sp. Gen. 
Acupalpus lugubris. Hald. Proc. Ac. N. Sc. I. 301. 

Divisio 3. — Chlanidca. 

Patellimanes. — Latr. Dej. 
Sarrothropoda. — Kirby. 

Subdiv. 1. Licinini. 

Caput antice valde obtusum. 
Labrum profunde emarginatum. 
Mentum edentatum. 

BADISTER. Clairville. 
I. llOtatUS. Hald. Proc. A. N. S. Vol. I. 
terminalis. LeC. ibid. Vol. II. 

Niger, thorace quadrato, latitudinc longiore, posticc 
leviter retracto, anguhs posticis obtusis, impressionibus 
basalibus profundus, elytris profunde striatis, inter, 
stitiis convexis ; fuscis, versus basin rufcscentibus ; 
antcnnarum bast, palpis, pedibusque testaceis. Long. 
•18, lat. -0G. Habitat NovEboraci (Wilcox), in 
Pennsylvania (Halderaan), et ad Rocky Mountains 
minus frequens. 

4 IS Catalogue of the Gcodephagous Colcoptcra. 

2. mica n s . L« C. Proc. A. X. S. Vol. II. 

Niger, ctrru'eo ynicans ; thorace cordato, latitudinc 
breriorc, margine versus basin late deprcsso, angulis 
potticit obtusis, subrotnndatis ; elytris tenuiter stri- 
atis ; it<f<rsfitio 3'° jninctis 2: jwlporum opice ct 
las':, cpij>huris,pedibusquc jiaUide jnccis. Long. '84, 
lat. '09. Specimen unum (9) in Georgia inventum, 
altcrumque {$) ad Long's Peak. 

3. * p III C ll C 1 I US. Rufo-tcstaceus, nitidus j capite, ehjtrorum 

macula marginali ad medium, altcraquc apicali, 

abdominequc nigris. Long. '20, lat. "OS. Habitat 

ad Evansville Indiance, et in provinces orientalilms . 

Rufo-testaceus pemitidus. Caput nigrum, laeve, puncto 

utrinque ad oculorum marginem. Antenna; obscunc, articulis 3 

pallidis: palpi pallidi, articulo ultimo piceo. Thorax latitudine 

brevior, postice leviter retractus, lateribus rotundatus, basi 

l>viter cmarginatus, angulis posticis obtusis valde rotundatis ; 

diKci leviter CODTeXVS, margine versus angulos posticos de- 

prenOj imprcssionibus trausversis vix di^timtis, linea longitu- 

dinali profunda integra, basalibus rectis, brevibus, prufundis. 

Elytra thorace latiora, striata, interstitiis planis, 3 10 bipunctato ; 

rufa, macula magna marginali ad medium, suturam fere attin- 

ger)te, altcraquc obliqua aj)icali nigris. Postpectus, abdomenque 



Kcmbo (Germ.) Curculionidum genere, ab entomologis pluri- 

mis illubtrissimis in usum non adliibito, nomen Latreillianum 


1. * 111 il J O T . Niger nitidus, thorace latitudine fere duplo brevior e, 

la/mbus ahsuLtc sinuatis, basi utrinquc striata ; chj- 

tris striatts ]>unctoquc imprcsso ; stria 7 ma obsolcta. 

Long. -7/i, lat. -32. Abundat ad urbes Detroit, et 


Catalogue of the Gcodcp>hagous Coleoptera. 419 

Niger nitidus ; caput impressionibus frontalibus latis, pro- 
fundis. Thorax latitudinc plus sesqui brevior, apice leviter 
emarginatus, antice paulo angustatus, lateribus ante medium 
rotundatis, pone medium obsolete sinuatis ; basi medio leviter 
emarginata, utrinque oblique truncata, angulis posticis fere 
rectis, leviter depressis : linea longitudinali utrinque abbrcviata, 
impressionibus basalibus rectis, profundis. Elytra thorace 
latiora (thoracis latitudinc summa a margine ad elytri alterius 
striam 4 tam extendente) ; striata, striis versus basin obsolete 
punct.itis, T ma obliterata ; interstitio 3 io unipunctato. 

R. impressicolli simillimus ; statura triplo majore, thorace 
latiore lateribus obsolete sinuatis, elytrorumque stria 7 ma oblite- 
rata distinctus. 

2. *l;iticollis. Niger nitidus, thorace latitudinc fcrc duplo 

breviore, antice retracto, basi utrinque profundc 

striato, eli/tris striatis, punctoque impresso. Long. 

•o7, lat. -25. Abundat ad Syracusas NovEboraci. 

Niger nitidus. Caput impressionibus frontalibus longiusculis 

modice profundis ; labrum acute incisum. Thorax latitudine 

plus sesqui (fere duplo) brevior, apice parum emarginato, antice 

valde angustato, lateribus valde rotundatis, pone medium rectis ; 

basi medio leviter emarginata, utrinque oblique truncata, angulis 

posticis obtusis non rotundatis ; disco tenurcer marginatus, vix 

convexus, versus angulos posticos depressus ; impressionibus 

transversis indistinctis, linea longitudmali utrinque abbreviata, 

basalibus rectis profundis. Eh/ra thorace paulo latiora 

(thoracis latitudine summa a margine ad striam 5 tam elytri 

alterius extendente) ; striata (levius in 9) stria 7 ma obliterata, 

interstitio 3'° unipunctato. 

3. impressicolli?. Niger nitidus, thorace latitudine sesqui 

breviore, lateribus paulo rotundato, pottief leviter 
angustato, chjtris striato-punctatis, punctoque im- 
presso. Long. -57, lat. 24. 

R. impressicollis 1 Dej. Sp. Gen. V. 

R. striato-punctatus LeC. Proc. A. N. S. Vol. II. 

420 Catalogne of the Gcodephagous ColeoplcrcL. 

Cum descripikme Dejcaniana omnino quadrat, excepto thorace 
Lice leviter sngoatato i pnecedentibus angustior. 

. r nil ill us ; caput impressionibus frontalibus profundi?, 
latis ; lahrui/i profunda incisum, inodio impressum. Thorax 
latitudine sesqui bn vinr, antice parum angustatus, lateribus 
rotundatis, pone medium rer.tis, leviter retractis, basi medio vix 
emarginata, utrinque magis oblique truncata, angulis posticis 
obtusis non rotundatis; disco vix convexus, distinctius margin- 
atus, versus angulos posticos depressus ; linea longitudinali 
utrinque abbreviata, impressionibus transversis panlo distinctis ; 
basalibus rectis, valde profundis. Elytra thorace latiora (tho- 
racis latitudine summa a margine ad striam 3 ia,n elytri alterius 
cxtendente) striata, striis punctatis, interstitio 3 10 unipunctato. 

4. assilllillS. LeC.loc. cit. Niger nitidus, thorace latitudine 

acsqui brcviorc, lateribus panlo rotundatis, basi utrin- 
que striati) ; elytri* prnfundius striatis, pmnctoquc 
impress >. Long. ■ i'>, lat. -20. Habitat NovEboraci, 
et in Georgia minus frequens. 

Nigel nitidus. Caput imprrssionilms frontalibus brevibus 
ptofundia. Th rax latitudine sesqui brevier, aj)icc leviter 
Mnargicatua, antice parum angustatus, lateribus leviter rotun- 
datis, pone Qtedium fere rectis, basi medio fere truncata, 
Utrifique minus ofoliqoe truncata, angulis posticis rectis; disco 
vix convexus, vcrsut angulos posticos leviter depressus; linea 
longitudinali antice, levr.rr abbreviata, impressionibus transversis 
vix di-tinctis, basalibus valde profundis, alteraque externa 
parva \ able indistincta. Elytra thorace paulo latiora, (thoracis 
latitudine summa ad striam S 1 ™ cxtendente) paulo profundhis 
striata, stria rudirnentali brevi ad basin; striis versus basin leviter 

5. *<> bills us. Niger 71 it id us, thorace antice angustato, basi 

utrinque striata, angulis postici* obtusis rofunaatu ; 
elytri* stria/is, puncto nulla. Long. -41, lat. - 18. 
Habitat ad Longs's Peak. 

Ab omnibus pi.i ( cdentibus tborace minus depresso, impress- 

Catalogue of the Geodcphagous Coleoptera. 421 

ionibus transversis distinctioribus, angulis posticis rotundatis ; 
elytrorumque interstitio 3 10 impunctato dignoscendus. 

Niger nitidus. Caput impressionibus frontalibus parvis, vix 
distinctis. Thorax latitudine sesqui brevior, antice leviter 
angustatus, apice parum emarginatus, lateribus rotundatus, pra3- 
cipue ante medium, basi medio leviter emarginata, utrinque vix 
oblique truncata, angulis posticis leviter rotundatis : disco 
tenuiter marginatus, modice convexus, margine pone medium 
et versus angulos posticos leviter depresso ; linea longitudinali 
tenui antice abbreviata ; impressione anteriore angulata, post- 
eriore recta; basalibus profundis, breviusculis. Elytra thorace 
paulo latiora, striis omnino laevibus, interstitiis planatis, 3'° im- 
punctato ; stria rudimentali ad basin nulla. 

f laevia, §1. 

costis alternatim subcarinatis, §2. 

costLs aequaliter rotundatis, §3. 

5 2 £ f irregulariter interruptis, §4. 


I violacea, < 


2 f irregulariter interruptis, 

S I re .2 ! alternatim latioribus, 

j -g o ( tborace quadrato, §6. 

G w aequalibus, < 
J , t thorace postice retracto, §7 

§1. Elytris laevibus. 
*ls8vipennis. Niger obscure violaccus, thorace antice 
valdc anguntato, lateribus rotundatis, elytris tenuiter 
punctato-striatis, carina humerali ad trientcm abbre- 
viata. Long. '7, lat. .31. Habitat ad flumen Platte, 
prope rupem caminatam (Chimney). 
Ellipticus, depressus, niger obscure violaceus. Caput minus- 
culum, antice subacutum, leviter rugosum, impressionibus fron- 
talibus modice profundis. Thorax basi capite triplo latior, 
latitudine sesqui brevior, apice profunde rotundato-emarginatus, 
basi sinuato-emarginatus, antice valde angustatus, lateribus 
rotundatis; subtiliter rugosus ; linea longitudinali fere integra, 
impressione transversa anteriore vix distincta, posteriore pro- 
funda, sinuata, medio angulata, rarao utrinque recto ad angulura 

422 Catalogue of the Geodcjrfiagous Coleoptera. 

posteriorcm extendente ; basalibus brevibus, leviter sinuatis, 
ad basin cxtendentil>u3 ; lateribus late depressis, impressione 
laterali arcuata cum posteriore transversa connexa, pone medium 
subduplicata; margine incrassato, elevatoque. Ely'ra tborace 
vix [fedora, postice rotundata, margine reflexo, carina humerali 
valde acuta, ad trientem abbreviata : minus convexa, nitidiu- 
scula, lineis punctorum snbtilium versus suturam distinctioribus. 
Subtus niqro-violaceus. 


§2. Costis alternatim subcarinatis. 
2. *nuadratllS. Dej. Cat. Oblo?igus latus, dcpressus, niger 
violacco irroraius ; thorace antice angustato, lateribus 
rotundatis, chjtris striatis, i?iterstitiis 3'°, 5 t0 l mo que 
dorso subacutis. Long. '96, lat. '4. Habitat in 
Georgia minus frequens. 
Oblongo-ellipticus, latus, depresses, niger violaceo-irroratus. 
Caput magnum obtusum, lucve, vix nitidum ; impressionibus 
frontalibus latis, non profundis. Thorax basi capite vix duple* 
latiur, apice modice rotundato-emarginatus, basi utrinqne subito 
paruni incisa, parte mediana levissime rotundato-emarginata ; 
antice augDStatus, lateribus rotundatus, angulis posticis rectis, 
levissime rotundatis ; disco vix convexus, obsolete rugosus ; 
linea longitudinali fere Integra, impressionibus transversa dis- 
tinetis, sed non acute impressis, anteriore a margine remota, 
utrinqne obtuse angulata, posteriore medio leviter angulata, 
ramo utrinque concavo ad angulum extendente ; basalibus lon- 
gis sinnatis, ad basin oxtondentibus, antice arcuatim prolon- 
gatis, imprcssioni laterali parallels ; lateribus valde depressis, 
impressione laterali arcuata, ante medium lateribos parallela, 
pone medium inllexa cum impressione transversa posteriore 
Connexa, margine incrassato, elevatoque. Elytra thorace vix 
latiorra, postice rotundata, levissime acuminata, margine reflex o ; 
minus convexa, profunda striata, striis punctatis, sutura inter- :j'", ."i'", et ?">" magis elovatis, dorso acutiusculis, hoc 
carina humerali acuta, gradatlin evanescente; interstitio G t0 
puactia paucis ad basin. Subtus niger, vix, violaceus. 

Catalogue of the Geodepliagous Coleoptera. 423 

§3. Violacei, costis cequaliter rotundatis. 
3. *decoloratllS. Niger vix violaceua, thorace antice an- 
gustato, lateribus rotundatis, elytris aureo-decoloratis, 
striatis. Long. T07, lat. *43. Specimen unicum a 
Texas, Dom. Dr. Engelman amice datum. 

Reliquis major, forma vero D. splendido simillimus. Caput 
magnum, nigrum, subnitidum, obsolete rugosum, impressionibus 
frontalibus latis non profundis. Thorax basi capite duplo latior, 
latiludine fere duplo brevior, apice rotundato-emarginatus, basi 
subsubito paulo incisus, parte mediana leviter emarginata ; apice 
angustatus, lateribus ante medium rotundatis, dein rectis, angulis 
posticis rectis, vix rotundatis ; linea longitudinali levi, utrinque 
abbreviata, impressione transversa anteriore a margine remota, 
distincta, posteriore profunda, medio angulata, ramo concavo 
minus profundo ad angulum ; basalibus profundis, granulato- 
rugosis, antice oblique prolongatis, ante medium extendentibus, 
extrorsum concavis ; lateribus depressis, quam in sequente an- 
gustioribus, concavioribus, impressione laterali minus curvata ; 
margine incrassato, paulo magis elevato ; impressione parva 
prope angulum posticum concava, introrsum cum impressione 
transversa posteriore valde distincte arcuatim conjuncta. Elytra 
thorace vix latiora, postice rotundata, dorso pone medium modice 
convexa ; aureo-decolorata, margine reflexo obscuriore ; striata 
striis fere laevibus, interstitiis 5 to 6 to que punctis paucis ad basin : 
carina humerali acuta, gradatim evanescente. Subtus niger, 
vix violaceus. 

Ons. — D. splendido plus duplo major, thorace angulis anticis 
paulo minus acutis, margine minus late depresso, impressione 
transversa posteriore ramo ad angulum minus profundo, im- 
pressione externa cum posteriore transversa profundius connexa, 
carinaque humerali minus prolongala, necnon colore elytrorum 
decolorato distinctus videtur. 

4. splendidus. Say. Am. Ent. pi. 24. Trans. Am. Phil. 
Soc. Vol. II. 
Oblongus niger violacco-irroratus, tliorace antice 

4M Catalogue of the Geodcphagous Colcoptera. 

anzustafo, latcribus rotundato, ehjtris cvpreo -nitidis, 

manrine subcyaneo. Long. "8, lat. -32. Habitat ad 

flumcn Flatte infra furcationem, sat frequens. 

Lat us. oblongus, modice depressus. Caput magnum, nigrum, 

Milliliter rugosum, impressionibu<5 frantalibus latis, non pro- 

fundis. Anttnnrr palpiqae nigri. Thorax basi capite paulo 

plus duplo latior, latitudine plus sesqui brevior, antice angus- 

tatus ; lateribus ante medium rotundatis, apice profuntle rotun- 

dato-emarginatus, angulis posticis rectis, vix rotundatis ; disco 

subrugosus, violaceo-irroratus ; linea longitudinali fere integra, 

impressione transversa anteriore a margine remota, posteriore 

profunda, sinuata, ramo ad angulum profundo minus concavo ; 

basalibus modice profundis, sinuatis antice ad medium oblique 

prolongatis, lateribus late depressis, impressione laterali arcuata 

pone medium incurvata ; impressione parva prope angulum 

posteriorem concava, introrsum cum impressione transversa vix 

omnexa; margine incrassato, elevato. Elytra tborace vix 

latiora, postice rotundata, dorso pone medium convexiuscula, 

cuprco-splcii<li«l;i, margine reflexo cyaneo; profunde striata, 

Btriifl obsolete punctatis, interstitiis convexis, 5 t0 G to que basi 

punctifl psui 'M ; carina humerali acuta magis elevata, gradatim 

ineacente. Subtua niger, epipleuria violaceis. 

< Jits. — Specimen unicum a Dom. Wilcox in provincia Illinois 

lectum, el amicissime datum sesqui majus, elytris aureo-micant- 

ilms, planioribus, postice multo minus convexis, striis distinctius 

)iunctatis. An variotas, an revera species distincta] 

f>. chilly be US. Dej.Sp. Gen. Habitat in provinces austral- 

ibus sat fre<piens, in provinces jnediis rarissimus. 

Long. 1-03, lat. 1. Thorace latitudine sesqui breviore, antice 

angustato, lateribus modice rotundatis, angulis posticis Icvissimo 

optuaifl sabrotundatia distinctus; elytris in $ postice obsolete 


OOnfUBUS. Obscure viol arc us, thorace antice angustato, 
lateribus rotundato, postice via distincte retracto; elytris 
pordllelis, apice rotundatis. Long. 1 •()(), lat. - 3S. 
Bpecimen unicum in (ieorgia lectum. 

Catalogue of the Geodephagous Coleoptcra. 42-5 

Praecedenti simillimus, colore obscuriore, formaque magis 
parallela. Antenna fuscae, basi piceee. Thorax latitudine fere 
duplo brevior, antice magis angustatus, lateribus ante medium 
magis rotundatis, pone medium levissime retractis, obsoleteque 
sinuatis, angulis posticis rectis, minus rotundatis ; impressionibus 
omnibus sicut in D. chalybeo, (vide Dej. Sp. Gen.) Elytra 
magis parallela, apice rotundata, profunde striata, striis impunc- 
tatis, interstitiis modice convexis, sicut in D. cbalybeo, dorso 
alternatim paulo acutioribus. 

7. violaceilS. Say. Am. Ent. pi. 24 : 1 Trans. Am. Phil. 

Soc. II. 

? Bonelli Mem. de 1' Acad. Turin. V. 

Cy a 71 € US? Dej. Sp. Gen. Habitat in provinciis mediis et 
occidentalibus minus frequens. 

Long. 1*00 — - 87, lat. *37 — '32. D. chalybeo angustior et par- 
allelior, thorace latitudine sesqui breviore, antice parum angus- 
tato, apice profunde rotundato-emarginato, lateribus antice 
paulo rotundatis, pone medium obsoletissime sinuatis, angulis 
posticis rectis, vix rotundatis; disco nitidiusculo, vix rugoso, 
impressionibus sicut in D. chalybeo ; lateribus angustius de- 
pressis, magis reflexis, impressione laterali antice lateribus 
parallela. Elytra parallela, apice rotundata, postice leviter 
convexa, striata, interstitiis cequaliter dorso obsolete acutis ; 
striis nonnunquam obsoletissime punctatis. 

8. purpuratUS. Bonelli. loc. cit. 

1 Say. Trans. Am. Ph. S. II. 

violaceilS. Dej. Sp. Gen. V. 684. 

Habitat in provinciis australibus. Descriptio Bonelliana, 
1 thorace transverso, corpore abbreviato, dilatato ' ad hanc 
speciem plane refert. 

Long. I'll, lat. "43. Thorace latitudine fere duplo breviore, 
antice vix angustato, lateribus parum rotundato, apice minus 
profunde emarginato facile distinctus ; marginibus late depressis, 
impressionibus sicut in D. chalybeo; elytris depressiusculis, 

42G Catalogue ef the Geodcphagous Colcojtcra. 

apice rotundatis, striatis, interstitiis dorso alternating paulo 
9. * i F i C O 1 O F . August ior late violaceus, thoraee obsolete viridi- 
micantc, ant ice leviter angustato, hit(rilnis paulo roiun- 
(la!is, angulis posticus leviter rotundatis. Long. "87, 
lat. -32. Habitat ad urbem St. Louis : a Dom. 
Engelman benevolo datus. 
D. chalybeo minor et angustior, laetius violaceus. Caput vio- 
laceum, impressionibus frontalibus latis non profundis. Antcnnai 
apice fusca?. Thorax basi capite duplo latior, latitudine sesqui 
brevior, apice profunde rotundato-emarginatus, antice modice 
angustatus, lateribus regulariter rotundatus, basi medio late 
incisa, angulis posticis leviter obtusis, rotundatis ; impression- 
ibus quam in 1). clialybeo minus profundis, lateribus angustius 
depressis, magis reflexis, disco medio magis convexo. Eli/tra 
magis parallela, striata interstitiis dorso alternating paulo acutior- 
ibus ; striis externis obsolete punctatis. 

§4. Costis irregulariter interruptis. 
10. SCllIpt iTis. Say. Trans. A. P. S. II. Am. Ent. pi. 24. 
Habitat in provinciis occidentalibus, et in Territorio 
Missouricnsi ; rarissime in Pennsylvania ad mpntes. 

§5. Costis alternatim latioribus. 

11. CJirinatUS. Dej. Sp. Gen. V. Habitat in provinciis 

australibus minus frequens. 

12. altcriians. Dej. ibid. Habitat cum priore. 

§G. Nigri, tlioraco quadrato, elytris costis acqualibus. 
i3. Dej.eanii. Dej. Sp. Gen. V. Habitat in provinciis 
australibus minus frequens, a Dom Ilaldeman beno- 
vole datus. Sequent! aimillimus, sed major, tlioraco 
bieviore, antice magis angustato, latrribus ante me- 
dium multo magis rotundato, imprussiono laterali 

Catalogue of the Geodephagous Coleoptcra. 427 

multo magis arcuata : elytris thorace fere sesqui 
latioribus distinctus. 

14. d i 1 a t a t U M. Say. Tr. A. P. S. IT ; Am. Ent. pi. 24. Ha- 

bitat in provinciis mediis et australibus minus 
.frequens. Long. -93,lat. -35. A praecedente statura mi- 
nore, elytrisque thorace parum latioribus distinguen- 
dus ; thorace antice leviter angustato, lateribus, levi- 
ter rotundatis. 

15. *planicollis. Ovatus, latus, niger, opacus : thorace 

antice angustato, lateribus vix rotundato, fere piano : 
elytris striatis carina humerali ralde abbreriata^ 
Long. -95, lat. '42. Specimen unicum in Georgia ad 
montes a Dom. Ludov. LeConte lectum et benevole 
Praecedente major, et thorace planiusculo, lateribus vix rotun- 
dato facile cognoscendus. 

Ovatus, latus, niger, opacus. Caput antice subacutum, mandi- 
bulis longiusculis acutis, impressionibus frontalibus latis, rugo- 
sis. Thorax quadratus, apice leviter rotundato-emarginatus, 
antice leviter angustatus, lateribus vix rotundatus, basi medio 
late minus profunde emarginatus, angulis posticis rectis, paulo 
rotundatis; subrugosus, fere planus; impressionibus transversis 
distinctis, sed non profundis ; posteriore sinuato, ramo valde 
arcuato ad angulum ; basalibusbrevibus introrsum leviter obliquis, 
lateribus depressis, margine magis incrassato, elevato ; impres- 
sione laterali minus profunda, antice lateribus sub-parallela, 
pone medium incurvata, cum impressione posteriore obsolete 
connexa. Elytra thorace paulo latiora ovalia, postice non dila- 
tata, apice rotundata, dorso planiuscula, postice leviter convexa, 
striata, striis impunctatis, interstitiis parum convexis, basi sparse 
punctatis, carina humerali valde abbreviata. 

16. * O V a 1 i S . Ellipticus, latus, niger, subopacus, thorace an- 

tice subangustato, lateribus leviter rotundato, margine 
magis refiexo ; elytris striatis carina humerali ad 

42S Catalogue of the Gcodephagous Cdleoptera. 

7nedivm cxtendentc. Long. -7 — '62, lat. -3 — '25. Ha- 
bltat ubique minus frequens. 
Elliplious, latus, niger, subopacus. Caput subelongatum, an- 
tice acutum, transverse rugosum.obsoletissime rugose-punctatum, 
inipressionibas frbnfalibus profundis. Antenna versus apicem 
fuscoscentes. Thorax basi capite duplo latior, latitudine fere 
sesqui brevior, apice profunda rotundato-emarginatus, angulis 
antieis acutis; antiee levitcr angustatus, lateribus leviter rotunda- 
tus, bad medio late subito paulo incisa, angulis posticis rectis 
rotundaiis: disco minus convexus, transversim leviter rugosus, 
obsoletissimo rugose-punctatus ; linea longitudinali fere integra, 
imprcssionihus transversis indisdiuctis, anteriore arcuata, poste- 
riore vix angulata, rarao ad angulum minus profundo ; basalibus 
modicis, ad medium non extendentibusintrorsum leviter obliquis, 
margine depresso, distinctius reflexo, antiee fere evanescente ; 
impressione laterali satis profunda, postice non incurvata, cum 
ramn bbliquo conjuncta. Elytra thorace vix latiora, postice non 
dilatata, apice rotundata {$ paulo angustata) pone medium con- 
vex a, striata, interstitiis minus convexis, 5 to , 6 to que basi striola 
abbreriata: carina humerali acuta, paulo pone medium evanes- 
17. a in b i g I1US. Ferte. Rev. Zool. 1841 : Dej. Cat. Sub- 
elon^(t(its, nig&r t pamm nitidus, thorace antiee leviter 
anglHtatot lateribtu paulo rotundata, margine icnui an- 
tiee ambiente ; ehjtris strialis, carina humerali pone, 
medium cxtendentc. Long. -75, lat. -29. Habitat in 
provinciis australibus. 
D. obscuro simillimus ; paulo latior, et minus opacus : tborace 
paulo breviore, antiee minus angustato, angulis posticis magis 
rotuudatis, angulis antieis minus acutis margine tenui ambiente. 

Bnbelongatua, niger, param nitidus. Caj.vt minusculum, im- 
pressiouibua frontaltbui lat is, non profundis, obsolete rugostim, 
loiiL'itii<!iiialitcr subtilissime rugose punctatum. Antennae apice 
f u . I . Thorax basi capite- plus duplo latior, latitudine Don 868- 
qui brevior, apice profundo emarginalus, emarginatione basi fere 

Catalogue of the Geodephagous Coleoptera. 429 

recta, angulis anticis acutis leviter rotundatis margine tenui am- 
biente ; antice angustatus, lateribus rotundatus, basi medio subito 
late incisa, angulis posticis rectis modice rotundatis ; disco vix 
convexus ; linc-a longitudinali tenui fere integra, impressionibus 
transversis indistinctis, posteriore ramo ad angulum concavo, 
basalibus sat elongatis, introrsum leviter obliquis ; lateribus angus- 
tius minus subito depressis, impressione laterali antice cum mar- 
gine parallela, pone medium incurvata, duplicata; margine tenui 
elevato nitido. Elytra thorace vix latiora, apice subacuminata 
(magis in $) pone medium leviter convexa, striata interstitiis, mo- 
dice convexis, aequaliter rotundatis, carina lmmerali valde acuta, 
pone medium evanescente. 

Obs. — Specimina ad Rocky Mountains obtinui sesqui minora, 
thorace paulo planiore, margine minus reflexo, impressione late- 
rali minus incurvata. An speeies distincta? 

18. Opacus? Fertti. Rev. Zool. 1841. Long. -73, lat. -27. 
Praecedenti simillimus ; thorax latitudine vix brevior, 
antice minus angustatus, lateribus ante medium minus 
rotundatis, pone medium obsoletissime sinuatis, im- 
pressione laterali profundiore postice leviter sinuata, 
lateribus magis reflexis. A sequente corpore minus 
opaco, thorace antice multo minus angustato, lateri- 
busque postice sinuatis distinctus. Specimen unicum 
in Alabama lectum a Dom. Haldeman benevole 

11. * obscurilS. Elongaius, nigro-ojmcus, thorace antice 
angustato, lateribus rofundato, angulis anticis valde 
acuth, margine non ambienie ; elytris strialis, inlersli~ 
tiis minus convexis, dorso al'.ernalim obsolete acutioribus : 
carina humcrali ad medium evanescente. Long. "7, lat. 
•26. Habitat in provinces australibus. 
D. simplex LeC. MSS. 

Forma thoracis a pnecedentibus duobus satis distinctus ; late- 
ribus (sicut in D. opaco) distinctius reflexis, impressione laterali 
profundiore, et non sinuato. Caput paulo latius et minus elpn- 

430 Catalogue of the Gcodephagous Col copter a. 

gatum. A sequente thorace longiorc, antice ad latera minus ro- 
tundato, coloreque obscuriore dignoscendus. 

20. S i 111 |> 1 6 X . Hej. Sp. Gen. SubeJonsjatus, niger subopacus, 

thorncc lalitudine fere sesqui breviore, antice angustaio, 

lateribus rotundatO, chjtris striatis, intcrstitiis aqualilcr 

parum rotundatis. Long. -69, lat. -25. Habitat in 

provinciis mediis. 

Statura pra?cedentis, minus opacus : thorace breviore, lateribus 

antice magis rotundatis, angulis posticis levissime obtusis, paulo 

rotundatis, impressione transversa posteriore profunda, medio 

angulata, impressione laterali antice margini magis approximata, 

postice subsinuata, ad basin ipsam extendente ; elytris striatis, 

interstitiis aequalitcr parum rotundatis. 

21. elongatUS. Bonelli. loc. cit : Say. Trans. A. P. S. II : 

Dej. Sp. Gen. 
f ll V r It S . Mels. Cat. (non Dcj. Sp. Gen.) provin- 
ciis mediis sat frequens. Long. -65, lat. '23. 
Praseedeute angustior et nitidior, forma thoracis D. ambiguum 
refert ; angulis anticis aicutioribus, marginfbusque magis reilexis 
f;i<i1c distihetus; impressio lateralis profunda est, et lateribus 
fere parallela. 

22. reflex lis. Elongates, niger nilidiuscidus, thorace antice 

non (imnis/iili). ]<onc med'uun la'rribus subsinnato, mar- 
gins lato ralde rejlexo. Long. "8, lat. "30. Habitat ad 
Columbian] Pensylvanine. 
Elongatus, paralleluS, niger nitidiusculus. Caput magnum 
• ibtusum, impressionibus profundis. Thorax basi capite sesqui 
latior, latitudine sesqui brevior, antice vix conspicue angustatus, 
apicc late emargjnatus, lateribus vix rotundatis, pone medium 
obsolete sinuatis, basi medio late efnarginata, utrinque leviter 
oblique truncate, angulis posticis Bubrotundatis ; disco vix con- 
vexus, leviter rugoBus; lines longitudihali profunda snbintegra, 
impressienibua transversis profundis, posteriore medio leviter 
sngulata, ramo ad sngoluni concavo, distincto; basalibua leviter 
bbliquis, profundis, ad medium vix exteudentibus ; laterali forti- 

Catalogue of the Geodephagous Coleoptera. 431 

ter impressa, margini parallela, lateribus late depressis, fortiter 
reflexis. Elytra parallela posticepaulo convexa, apice rotundato- 
acuminata, striata, interstitiis aequaliter paulo rotundatis, G t0 basi 
punctis paucis ; carina humerali valde acuta, ante medium evan- 
23. politllS. Dej. Sp. Gen. Habitat in provinciis mediis. 
Ab amico meo Wilcox certior factus sum, insectum 
hoc, sub nomine Leonardi a Dom. Harris vulgatum 
fuisse. Nescio tamen in quo libro, nisi in 'newspa- 
per ' quodam ' Agricola Nov-Anglise ' dicto, libro ad 
scientiam profano et vili. 

§ 7. Thorace leviter cordato, postice retracto. 
24. teter. Bonelli loc. cit : Dej. Sp. Gen. Habitat Nov- 

Subdiv. 2. — Chlaniini. 
Caput antice subacutum. 

Labrum submarginatum, raro profunde incisum. 
Mentum dentatum. 

OODES. Bonelli. 

1. americanus. Dej. Sp. Gen. Habitat in provinciis aus- 

tralibus minus frequens, 

2. picipes. LeC Proc. Ac. Nat. Sc. II. Niger, obscure 

ceneus, elytris strialis, interstitiis paulo convexis, anten- 
narum basi, tarsisque piceis. Long. "44, lat. -28. Habi- 
tat in provinciis australibus. Praecedente duplo 

3. amaroides. Dej. Sp. Gen. Habitat NovEboraci, in pro- 

vinciis australibus, et ad Rocky Mountains. 

4. 14-Striatis. Chaud. Bull, Moscou. 1841. Augustus, 

niger, elytris amcis, strialis, interstitiis planis. Long. 
•33, lat. -14. Habitam NovAureliani, a Dom. Guex 

•J32 Catalogue of the Gcodcdhagous Coleoptera. 

5. Clipracus. Chaud. ibid. Angustus ccneus, clytris siriaiO' 
punctatis : antennarum basi, tibiis tarsisque pallidis. 
Long. "36, lat. 15. Abundat NovAureliani, et ad 
Quincy, Illinois. A DD. Wilcox et Guex benevole 

C. Ill i n U t U S. Dej. Sp. Gen. V. Specimen unicum in Alaba- 
ma lectum a Dora. Haldeman amicissime datum. 

7. CXaratUS. Dej. ibid. Habitat in Georgia rarissime. 

DINODES. Bonelli. 

1. p 11 r p U r i C 1 1 i S . Rand. Bost. J. N. H. II. (Chiasmus.) 
Habitat NovEboraci, et ad Rocky Mountains raris- 

CHL/ENIUS. Bonelli. 

1. C ry till* opus. Germar Ins. Nov. 

rilfildhris. Dej. Sp. Gen. Abundat in provinciis 
australibus et occidentalibus. 

2. [USC i C O r 11 i S . Dej. ibid. Habitat in provinciis australi- 

bus minus freqtiens, thorace latiorc, lateribus non 
sinuatis facile distinctus. 

3. * b r C V i C O 1 1 i S . Supra cyanco-violaccus, jmbcscais, thorace 

]>un<ta!, latitudinc sesqui brcviorc, lateribus valde 

rotuhdato, angiitis posticu obtusis • antennis } palpit pe* 

ttibusque ferrugineis. Long. '6, lat. *27. Habitat in 

Georgia minus frequens. 

C. rufipedi simillimus, at thorace breviore, lateribus magis ro- 

tundatis facile dignoscendus : a C. laticolle thoracis forma, ely- 

trisque minus parallelis, magis ovalibus difiert. 

Supra cyanco-violaceus, breviter brunneo-pubescens : caput 
nitidum, cyaneum, utrinque dense punctatum, labro, mandibulis- 
que piceis, anteonia palpiaquo ferrugineia. Thorax capite duplo 
luiior, latitudinc srsqui brevior, antico angustatus, lateribus valde 
rulundatus, baai fere recte truncatus, angulis ]>osticis obtusis, le- 

Catalogue of the Geodephagous Coleoptera. 433 

viter rotundatis, densissime punctatus, disco leviter convexus : 
impressionibus transversis fere nul'is, linea longitudinali utrinque 
paulo abbreviata, basalibus profundis, fete ad medium antice 
prolongatis. Elytra ihorace sesqui latiora, ovalia, versus hume- 
ros rotund ata, striato-punctata, interstitiis granulatis, planis. 
Subtus niger, punctatus, pedibus ferrugineis. 
4. laticollis. Say. Trans. A. P. S. II : Dej. Sp. Gen. Ha- 
bitat in Territorio Missouriensi. 
Sequenti simillimus, purpureo-violaceus, vel cyaneo-obscurus, 
elytris densius pubescentibus : thorax latituditie paulo brevior, 
antice modice angustatus, lateribus leviter rotundatus, angulis 
posticis obtusis, vix rotundatis ; disco minus convexus, densius 
punctatus ; impressionibus transversis distinctis, basalibus modice 
profundis. Elytra tborace paulo latiora, antice lateribus parum 
rotundata, striato-punctata, interstitiis distinctius punctato-granu- 

5. rilfipos. Dej. Sp. Gen. Habitat NovEboraci, et in pro- 

vinciis australibus sat frequens : thorace latitudine 
non breviore, lateribus modice rotundato, disco leviter 
convexo : elytris ovalibus, thorace sesqui latioribus, 
antice rotundatis. 

6. ailgUStUS. Newman Ent. Mag. V. 490. 

Lecontet. Hald. Proc. A. N. S. I. 304. Oblongus 
la'iusculus, supra late viridis, sericeo-pubescens : tho- 
race antice angustato, lateribus modice rotundatis, 
punctatissimo, elytris striato-punctatis , interstitiis dis- 
tinctc punctatis : antcnnarum basi, prdib usque ferru- 
gineis. Long. '65, bit. '3. Habitat in provinciis 
australibus minus frequens. 
Latiusculus, supra liete viridis, subtus niger ; sericeo-pubes- 
cens. Caput punctatum, f route laevi, palpi antennaeque picei, 
basi rufi. Thorax basi capite duplo latior, latitudine vix brevior, 
anice vix emarginatus, antice angustatus, lateribus modice rotun- 
datus, prope basin obsolete sinuatus, angulis posticis rectis : disco 
vix convexus, punctatissimus, margine tenui depresso; linea 

434 Catalogue of the Geodephagous Coleoptera. 

longitudinali fere nulla, impressionibus basalibus brevibus non 
profundi*. Elytra thoraco paulo latiora, ovalia, lateribus paulo 
r<aundatis, striato-punctata, interstitiis planis, minus subtiliter 
pu net at is. Pedes ferruginei. 
7. 1 i t ll O J) h i 1 U S . Say. Trans. A. P. S. II. 

r i l'i (I ti n ll s . Dej. Sp. Gen. Habitat in provinciis me- 
d iis et occidentalibus. 
v. > (' r i c ('US. Forster. Ins.: Say. Trans. A. I'. S. II.: Dej, Sp. 
Gen. Abundat ubique, usque ad Territorium Ore- 

9. *pcrviridis. Supra late viridis, sericeo-pubescens, capite 

utrinque sparse punctato, thorace punctatissimo, lati- 
tudinc non brcviore,posticc leviter retracto, impressio- 
nibus basalibus profundi* : clytris striato-punctatis, in- 
tirstitiis plants, subtiliter punctatis, antennis, pialpis, 
pedibusquc ferrugineis. Long. '55, lat. "24. Speci- 
men uuicum ad Rocky Mountains inventum. 
C. sericeo simillimus, at capite minus punctato, thorace bre- 
vioiv, paulo convexiore, lateribus multo magis rotundato, postice 
leviter retracto, rlytrisque distinctius punctatis diflert. 

Oblongo-elongatus, supra late viridis, subtus niger, sericeo- 
juibescens. Caput breve, oculis valde extantibus, utrinque et 
j j 1 1 - 1 1 « • o sparse punctntum, fronte lavi. Mandibula pieea>, palpi 
anti iinaijiie ferruginei. Thorax latitudine vix brevior, capite 
sesqui latior, antice angustatus, apice vix emarginatus, lateribus 
ante medium valde rotundatis, pone medium obsolete sinuatis 
leviter retractis, basi medio leviter emarginata, utrinque oblique 
truncata; disco leviter convexus, punctatissimus J impressioni- 
bus transversis distinctis, linea longitudinali antice abbreviate, 
basalibus brevibua, profundis, leviter obliqnis. Elytra thorace 
BCHqui latiora, ovalia, striato-punctata, interstitiis subtiliter, sed 
distincte punctatis. Pedes rufo-ferruginei. 

10. a (' s t i v II | . Say. Trans. A. I\ S. II. 

cobalt I // // f . Dej. Sp. Gen. II. Habitat ubique. 

Catalogue of the Geodejriagous Coleoptera. 435 

11. Congener. LeC. Proc. A. N. S. II. Habitat in pro. 

vinciis australibus minus frequens. Long. "62, lat. 

Prascedeuti simillimus, forma angustiore, capite multo minus 
punctato, thorace convexiore, lateribus magis rotundato, postice 
magis retracto, vix sinuato, impressione transversa posteriore 
valde profunda : elytris profundius striatis, striis minus puncta- 

12. am OC nils. Dej. Sp. Gen. V. Habitat in provinciis 

australibus minus frequens. 

13. patmelis. Dej. Cat.: LeC. Proc. A. N. S. II. Supra 

viridis, sericeo-pubtscens, capite postice sparse punctato, 
thorace grosse jtunctata, elongato,, lateribus 
subsinuatis, i/npressio7tibus basalibus profundis; ely- 
tris striato-punctatis, interstitiis obsoletius pnnctat's ; 
antennis palpis, pedibusque ferrvgineis. Habitat in 
Georgia minus frequens. 
ElongatuB, supra laete viridis, sericeo-pubescens : subtus ni- 
gro-piceus. Caput postice sparse punctatum. Thorax capite 
paulo latior, latitudine fere sesqui longior, postice leviter retrac- 
tus, lateribus* antice modice rotundatis, pone medium sul>sinua- 
tis : disco modice convexus, grosse punctatus ; linea longitudi- 
tudinali indistincta, impressione transversa posteriore recta, 
basalibus valde profundis. Elytra tborace sesqui latioia. ovalia, 
lateribus versus humeros valde rotundata, striato-punctatM, inter- 
stitiis obsolete punctatis. Pedes ferruginei. 

14. prasillUS. Dej. Sp. Gen. Habitat in provinciis mediis 

et occidentalibus. 

15. SolitarillS. Say. Trans. A. P. S. II. Habitat in pro- 

vinciis occidentalibus, et in Terriiorio Missourieosi 
mitius frequens. A Dom. Wilcox amice us. 

17. chl o ropli an u s. Dej. Sp. Gen. 

C O r (1 1 coll i S . Kirby. F. B. A. (var. obscm lor.) Hal>i- 
tat in provinciis mediis ad aquacum njajginem. 

43G Catalogue ofllic Geodephagous Coleoptera. 

IS. 11 1)1 oral is. Say. Trans. A. P. S. II : Dej. Sp. Gen. 
Habitat ubique : thorace obsoletius subtilius punc- 
tato facile dignoscendus. 
]». pcnsylvanicus. Say. Trans. A. P. S. II. 
f H I £ i C f p S . Newman Ent. Mag. V. 490. 
/ O II £T i COl lis, Cbautl. Bull, de Moscou. 1841. 

Sequenti simillimiis, at colore viridi, elytrorumque 
interstitiis convexioribus diflert. Habitat in provin- 
ciis mediis. 

20. tricolor. Dej. Sp. Gen. 

€ m (1 r gi n (I tllS. Kirby. F. B. A. IV. Habitat ubique. 

21. * a 1 1* i J) C 11 n i S . Niger, capite thoraceque viridianeis, 

hoc punctata, latitudinc sesqui breiore, lateribus valde 

rotundatis, imprcssionibui basalibus profundis ; ely- 

tris atro-riolarcis, striato-jwnctatis, interstitiis obsole- 

tissime punctatis. Long. *50, lat. '21. Habitat in 

provinces mediis. 

Pnecedenti simillimus, at thorace latiore, antice magis rotun- 

dato, postice magis retracto, elytris interstitiis minus convexis, 

obsoletius punctatis distinctus vidctur. 

Siilu-lougatus, niger pubescens. Caput subtilissime puncta- 
tum, viridiu'neum nitidum, impressionibus non profundis. An- 
trnna> fuscii", basi rune. Thorax capite duplo latior, latitudine 
it-re sesqui brevior, antice posticeque fruncatus, lateribus ante 
medium valde rotuudatus, angulis posticis obtusis, non rotunda- 
tis ; viridi;vneus, punctatus : impressionibus transversis fere nul- 
lis, linea longitudinal! antice al)breviala, basalibus profundis, 
extrorsum leviter ohliquis, curvatisque. Elytra thorace sesqui 
latiora, ovalia, ad humerus rotutidata; ntropurpurea, Striata- 
jniii<-t ;it:i, interstitiis fere plains, obsoletissime punctatis. Pedes 
forruginei, coxis htgria. 

vie ill lis. Dej. Sp. (Jen. Habitat ubique usque ad 
R6cky Mountains. Pnecedentibus qnatuoi afliinis, 
nvt] thorace latiore, lateribus valde roturnlatis, postice 
vix binuatis. 

Catalogue of the Geodephagous Coleoptera. 437 

23. * C O n S i m i 1 i S . Niger, capitc thoraccquc viridi-aneis, 

hoc lato,antice angustato, lateribus rotundatis, posticc 
subsimiatis, angulis posticis rectis : clytris purpureis, 
striatopunctatis, interstitiis obsolete punctata ; anten- 
narum basi, palpis, pedibusque ferrugincis. Long. 
•43, lat. -19. Specimen unicum ad Rucky Moun- 
tains lectum. 
Chlaenius oxygonus ? Chaud. Bull, de Moscou. 1841. 
Praecedentibus quinque simillimus, at thoracis forma satis dis- 
tinctus. Niger sericeo-pubescens. Caput laeve postice subtilis- 
sime punctulatum, impressionibus non profundis. Antennae sub- 
fuscfe, basi indeterminate rufse. Thorax capite duplo latior, 
latitudine sesqui brevior, antice angustatus, lateribus valde ro- 
tundatis, pone medium leviter sinuatis, basi utrinque oblique 
truncatus, angulis posticis rectis, non rotundatis ; disco parum 
convexus, punctatus, viridiaeneus : impressionibus transversia 
satis distinctis, linea longitudinali utrinque abbreviata, basalibus 
profundis, extrorsum leviter concavis, fere ad medium extenden- 
tibus. Elytra thorace latiora, profunde striato-punctata, inter- 
stitiis fere planis, obsoletissime subtiliter punctatis. Pedes fer- 

24. *brevilabris. Supra viridiaeneus, elytris obscuriaribus, 

thorace punctalo, lato, antice angustato, lateribus ro- 
tundatis, postice obsolete sinuatis, impressionibus ba- 
salibus longis, parum profundis, antennarum basi, 
palpis, coxis, pedibusque ferrugincis. Long. '45, lat. 
•2. Habitat ad Insulam Longam NovEboraci, a 
Dom. Brevoort amice datum. 

C. impunctifrons ? Kirby. F. B. A. IV. 

Thoracis forma praecedentem refert, at impressionibus basa- 
libus longis, coxisque runs valde distat. Supra viridis, elytris ob- 
scurioribus, sericeo-pubescens. Caput obsoletissime punctulatum, 
' impressionibus frontalibus modice profundis : labrum brevissi- 
mum, medio late emarginatum. Antennae fuscee, articulis 3 rufis. 
Thorax capite duplo latior, latitudine sesqui brevior, antice an- 

438 Catalogue of the Gcodephagous Coteoptcra. 

gustatus. lateribus valde rotundatus, pone medium obsolete sinu- 
atus, Daai utrinque leviter oblique truncatus, angulis posticis fere 
rectis : disco vix convexus, margine tenuissimo diaphano, punc- 
tatua ; impressionibus transversis indistinctis, linea longitudinal! 
utiiixjiir abbrcviata, basalibus non profundis, extrorsum leviter 
concavh), ante medium prolongatis. Elytra tborace fere sesqui 
latiora, striato-punctata, interstitiis planis, obsoletissime puncta- 
tis, margine apicali rufescente. Subtus niger, pedes cum coxia 
SI. i in p U n C t i fr O ll S. Say. Trans. A. P. S. II. Habitat 

in provinces mediis et occidentalibus minus fre- 


26. t O m C 11 1 O S U S . Say. ibid. (Epomis) ; Dej. Sp. Gen. 

I U C t U O S U S . Germar. Ins. Nov. (Amara.) Habitat ubi- 

27. II i £ 6 r . Randall. Bost. J. N. H. II. 

e JT (l r a t it S . Dej. Cat. Habitat in provinciis mediis mi- 
nus froquens. 

28. «• marjji nut us. Bay. Trans. A. !*.'&. Hi Dej. Sp. Gen. 

Habitat ubique. 

29. |) U si 1 I 11 s. Say. il>id. 

tlcigantuluS. Dej. Sp. Gen. Habitat ubique sat 

ATKANUS. gen. nov. 
Corpus alatum, elongatum; gracile, leviter pubescens. 
Caput elongatum, subrhombotaeuna. 
M wnmi 1. 1: pfominalse acuta?. 
M un.i i; intus ciliatie. 

I.MiitiM quadrttUTn, latiludine paulo brevius, planum. 
Miviim leViter concaviim, ('marginatum, busi emarginationis 

recta ; lateribus rectis, obliquis, angulis anticis suba- 


t f — priv. et T{*>oc — pcrspicuus. 

Catalogue of the Geodephagous Coleoptera. 439 

Palpi elongati, tenues, articulo ultimo praecedentem aequante, 

levissime fusiformi, apice vix truncate 
Antennae capite thoraceque paulo longiores, tenues, articulo 3 10 

sequentes aequante, 2 ndo duplo breviore. 
Oculi vix prominuli. 
Thorax latitudine paulo longior, postice leviter angustatus, an- 

gulis posticis obtusis subrotundatis. 
Pedes mediocres. 
Tarsi antici $ articulis 3 dilatatis, subtus spongioso-tomentosis, 

leviter obliquis, angulis valde rotundatis ; l mo reli- 

quis sesqui longiore, sed non latiore, triangular! ; 

2ndo ( 3"io q Ue latitudine non longioribus : 
rtliqui tenues, tibiis paulo brevioribus, articulis longitu- 

dine descrescentibus. 
L pilbescens. Dej. Sp. Gen. ( Anchomenus.) 

obconiCUS. Hald. Proc. A. N. S. 1.299. (Specimine 

ipso examinato.) Habitat ubique minus frequens. 

Subdiv. iii. Panagaini. 
Caput postice constrictum, oculis extantibus. 
Mentcm dentatum. 

I. pilicornis. Fabr. Syst. El: Dej. Sp. Gen. Specimina 
quatuor in Lacu Superior* inventa, cum Europaeis 
accurate comparata, omnino congruunL, 

PANAG^US. Latr. 

1. crucigeriiS. Say. Trans. A. P. S. II. 

Sallei. Chevr. (1) MSS. teste Guex. Habitat NovAureliani 
minus frequens, a Dom. Guex benevole datus. 

2. fasciatus. Say. T. A. P. S. II.: Dej. Gen. Habitat 

ubique, praecipue in provinciis au&tralibus. 

440 Catalogue of the Gcodephagous Coleoplcra. 


P o g o n u s minutus. Dej. Sp. Gen. 
D i c a c 1 n s furvus. Dej. ibid. 
Dinodcs rotundicollis. Dej. Sp. Gen. 
Chlaenius circumcinctus. Say. T. A. F. S. IV- 

r i r ens ? Chaud. Ball, de Moscow. 1841. Hab. 
in Louisiana. 

smaragdinus. Chaud. ibid. 

Sub. Fain. IV. — Carabides. — Westwood. 

Abdominales. — Latr. 
Simplicipedes. — Dej. 
Carabidce. — Mc Leay . 

Divisio 1. — Carabidea. — Ww, 


1. unicolor. OI'it. Ent. tab. 7. : Fabr. Syst. EX 

her OS. Harris. Boat. J. N. H. II. Habitat in Ohio, et Caro- 
lina borcali minus frequens • a Dom. Haldeman 
benevole datus ; variat etytris obscure violaceis. 
Sequente duplo major. 

2. elevatUS. Fabr. Syst. El : Oliv. Ins. tab. 7 : Dej. Sp. Gen. 

Say. Am. Ent. Habitat in provinces rocdiis minus 

3. f 1 a 111 III C U S . Ha>d. Proc. A. N. S. II. 54. Latus, nigro- 

violaceus, elytris cvprascentibus ; thorace latitudine 
brcviore, sublunato, marginibus latissimis minus 
re/lexis, anguli* posticus acu/is, vuhUcc produchs. 
Long. *77, lat. 4. Specimen ad Hrbem St. Louis 
lectum a Dom. Engclman benevole datum. 
I'i ' cedent* multo latior, thorace latiore, latcribus minus 

Catalogue of the Geodephagous Coleoptera. 441 

elevatis, basi late emarginato, medio non producto, elytvisque 
dorso multo planioribus, distinctus. 

Nigro-violaceus. Caput latitudine vix duplo longius, modice 
convexum, plica acuta, valde elevata ad antennarum basin. Tho- 
rax latitudine summa capite triplo latior, latitudine brevior, 
sublunatus, lateribus valde rotundatus, basin versus vix angus- 
tatus, apice breviter profunde emarginatus, basi late modice 
emarginatus, angulis posticis acutis ; disco cordiformi, lateribus 
antice valde rotundato, postice sinuato, vix convexo, leviter 
rugoso, punctis paucis sparsis ; margine antico et postico elevato, 
impressionibus transversis profundissimis ; lateribus latissime 
explanatis, paulo reflexis, leviter sparse rugose-punctatis. 
Elytra ovata, a basi usque ad trientem posticam leviter dilatata, 
dein rotundato-acuminata, disco minus convexa, margine refiexo, 
versus humeros latiore ; cuprascentia, margine violaceo ; dense 
grosseque punctato-striata, seriebus marginalibus confusis. 
Subtus niger, epipleuris dense punctatis. 

(IRICHROA. Newman.) 

1. viduUS. Dej. Sp. Gen.: Harris. B. J. N. H. II. 

Say. Am. Ent. pi. 45. 
unicolor. Knoch Neue Beit. Say. Trans. Am. Phil. , 
Soc. II. Habitat in provinciis mediis et australibus 
minus frequens. Specimen NovEboraci inventum 
a Dom. Wilcox benevole datum. 

2. Leonardi. Harris loc. cit. Habitat in provinciis boreal- 

ibus minus frequens. 

«. elytris aeneis, a Dom. Harris benevole datus. 

)8. major, totus niger, e provincia Ohio. 

1. Stenostomus. Weber. Dej. Sp. Gen. : Say. Am. Ent. 45. 
Lecontei. Laporte Cab. Habitat in Pensylvania 

442 Catalogue of the Gcodcphagous Colcoptcra. 

minus frequens. Long. -55, lat. *23, thoracis 

lal. 16, 
lonir. •]& 

Relifjuis nitidior, elytris striato-punctatis, interstitiis non inter- 
ruptis facile notus. 

2. II i a ff a r C II S i S. Laporte. An. Soc. Ent. de France. I. 390. 
Jjecontci. LeC.MSS. Habitat NovEboraci sat frequens. 

Specimine Laportiano ipso examinato, synonymiam rectam 
prasbere possum. Insectum in Dej. Icon. Col. Europ. Tom. I. pi. 
29 concinne delineatum, a thoracis forma plane ad speciem se- 
quentem referri debet; descriptio porro Dejeaniana (Sp. Gen. 
II. 1.5) thoracem quam in S. stenostomo ' angustiorem, minus 
rotundatum, magis ovalem' laudat : characteres speciei Nov- 
Eboraci inventae omnino alieni. 

Long. -55, lat. -24, thoracis lo ^ g ',^ 

Pracedente major, et elytris paulo magis elongatis. Nigro- 
violaceus, nitidus. Thorax capite fere triplo latior, antice et 
postice fere recte truueatus, lateribus valde rotundatis, pone 
medium vix rotundatis, retractis, latitudine apicali basali vix 
minore ; disco parum convexus, tenuiter marginatus ; linea 
longiiudinali postice abbreviata, impressione transversa anteriore 
angulata, distincta, posteriore profunda, medio angulata, basalibus 
valde pmfundis, basi toto punctato. Elytra tborace paulo latiora, 
dorso antice leviter depressa, postice declivia, striato-punctata, 
interstitiis angustis, interruptis praecipue versus apicem et mar- 
ginem ; ad apicem elevato-granulata, costis 3 ia , 7 ma , ll ma que 
magis elevatis, interruptis. Subtus niger, femoribus quam in S. 
stenostomo paulo minus validis. 

Obi. — S. stenostomus in Coll. Laporte, e Coll. Belvisiensi 
receptus ad banc speciem quoque pertinet ; specimen deforme, 
elytris valde planatis insigne, sed baud aliter diversum. 

3. Lecoiltci. Dej. Sp. Gen. : Icon. Col. Eur. I. tab. 29. 

Habitat in provinces borealibus minus frequens; a 
L)om. Urevoort benevolo datus; specimen quoque 
ad Lacum Superiorem inveni. 

Catalogue of the Geodephagous Coleoplira. 443 

Long. -5, lat. '21, thoracis j— .^ Praeeedenti simillimus, at 
paulo minor et angustior, thoracis forma, elytrisque costis magis 
interrupts distinctus. 

Nigro-violaceus, nitidus, elytris suhaeneis. Thorax capite 
paulo plus duplo latior, antice posticeque fere recte truncatus, 
lateribus rotundatis, a medio ad basin rectis, retractis, latitudine 
basali apicalem aequante; disco modice convexus, tenuiter raar- 
ginatus, impressionibus sicut in praecedente, sed impressione 
transversa posteriore multo profundiore. Elytra thorace paulo 
latiora, subelongata, modice convexa, postice declivia, profunde 
striato-punctata, interstitiis interruptis, 3 io , 7 mo , ll mo que postice 
magis elevatis, series tuberculorum formantibus; a triente postico 
ad apicem elevato-granulata ; femoribus quam in praecedente 

4. nitidicollis. Guerin. Icon. tab. 7. Habitat in provincia 

Ohio ; a Dom. Harris benevole datus. Reliquis du- 
plo major, elytrorum sculptura vero sequenti similis. 

5. *BreVOOrti. Nigro-violaceus, nitidus, thorace subrotun- 

dato, basi profunde impresso, punctatoque, elytris bast 
striatis, postice granulatis, costis elevatis paucis inter- 
ruptis. Long. -5, lat. '22, thoracis ^' , { ! 2 Habitat 
ad fines provincia? Maine, a Dom. Jac. Brevoort 
inventus et amice datus. 
Praeeedenti similis at plus duplo minor, thorace lateribus 
magis regulariter rotundatis, elytrisque fere ad medium regular- 
iter striatis, postice minus subtiliter dense granulatis. 

Nigro-violaceus. Caput latitudine plus duplo longius, inter 
oculos arcuatim trans versim impressum. Thorax capite duplo 
latior, antice posticeque truncatus, lateribus fere regulariter 
rotundatus, pone medium leviter retractus; disco marginatus, 
leviter convexus ; linea longitudinali utrinque abbreviata, im- 
pressione transversa anteriore profunda, valde arcuata, posteriore 
valde profunda, basalibus rectis, basi toto grosse punctato, punc- 
tis paucis ad marginem positis. Elytra thorace duplo latiora, 
antice planiuscula, postice valde declivia ; a basi ad medium 

444 Catalognc of the Geodcphagous Coleoptera. 

regulariter striatopunctata, pone medium minus subtiliter elevato- 
granulata, costu 3 ia , 5 ta , 7 ma , ll" ,a que magis elevatis, interrupts, 
Cvberculorum series formantibus. Femora incrassata. 

G. hilobus. Say. Trans. A. P. S. II. Am. Ent. pi. 45. 

Specimen unicum a Dom. Wilcox ad Quincy pro- 
vincial Illinois inventum et amicissime datum. 

CARABUS. Linne\ 
2. 1 i 111 b a t U S. Say. Trans. A. P. S. II. 

Q or yi. Dej. Sp. Gen. V. Habitat in provinciis mediis sat 
2. serratus. Say. ibid. 

/ j H catopunctatus. Dej. Sp. Gen. II. Habitat in 
provinciis mediis et occidentalibus. 

3. * * * elytrix o?neis, granulatis, tutura lincis- 

qme 2 acute elevatis, po.stice obsoletis ; costisque 3 
niagnis, ratcvatis ; intrrstitiis obsuhtissimc striatis. 
Coleoptcra iusecti mortui ad Detroit inventa, Long. ely. '5, 
hit. '3L C. palustri Europae valde similis. 

4. v i n C t II S. Wither. Obs. Ent.: Dej. Sp. Gen. 

i n t rr r H p t H S . Say. loc. cit. Habitat in provinciis 
m i-d iis. 
. r j. 1 i <T a t 11 S . Knurli. Neue Beit. Habitat in provinciis mediis 
et occidentalibus. A praecedente tborace lateribus 
minus rotuudato, elytrisque striis angustioribus, 
profundius puuetatis, minimeque granulatis, inter- 
stitiis subacutis distinctus. 
$, car 111 at US. Del. Sp. Gen. II. Abundat in provinciis 
Precedent! similis, at tborace magis scabroso, antice leviter 
anguHtato, elytris multo prof'undius striato-punctatis, interstitiis 
MgVJtioriblU, basi fere .equaliter elevatis, 1'"°, 5 to , 9"°, 13 m "que 
DMtlCfl m;igi8 obuolctis. 

Catalogue of the Geodephagous Cdenptera. 445 

7. sylvosus. Say. Trans. A. P. S. II. : Dej. loc. cit. Habitat 

in provinciis mediis. 

8. * Z i 111 111 C I* 111 a 11 i . Niger, capite tJioraccque dense puncta- 

tis, hoc latitudine plus duplo breviore, postice rctracto, 

basi emarginato, angulis posticis leriter productis ; 

ehjtris profumlc. imhricato-reticulatis, punctis triplici 

serie pone medium vix disinctis. Long. •oS, lat. "27. 

Specimen unicum ad Rocky Mountains lectum. 

Ad Dr. Chr. Zimmerman, Monog. Amaroidum Zabroidumque 

auctorem, entomologicum exquirendo acerrimum, examinando 

oculatissimum, describendo perspicuum et accuratissimtun, grata 

animo dedicatur haec species. 

Sequenti similis, sed sesqui minor, magisque punctatus ; tho- 
race minus abbreviato, postice magis retracto, elytris subtilius 
marginatis, margine ad humeros nou latiore valde distinctus. 

Brevis, niger. Caput dense aequaliter punctatum. Antenna 
articulo 3 10 compresso, carinato. Thorax subcordatus, latitudine 
plus duplo brevior, apice late emarginatus, lateribus valde rotun- 
datis, pone medium recte retractis, latitudine basali apicali 
minore ; basi late emarginata, angulis posticis leviter productis, 
apice rotundatis : disco aequaliter parum convexus, dense punc- 
tatus, vix conspicue canaliculatus, impressionibus basalibus fere 
nullis. E'ytra thorace plus sesqui latiora, latitudine paulo 
longiora, postice minus subito rolundata, pone medium non 
ampliata; profunde imbricato-reticulata, versus apicem grossing 
grauulata, punctorum seriebus solitis fere obsoletis, pone medium 
solum paulo distinctis ; tenuiter marginita, margine ad humeros 
non latiore. 

9. luxatUS. Say. J. A. N. S. III. (Calosoma). Habitat ad 

flumen Platte; ad Calosomata antennarum articulo 
3*° compresso appnminqnut ; sed upterus est, et tbora- 
cem subcordatum, angulis posticis leviter productis 

10. cx tcrnus. Say. J. A. N. S. III. 
lougipennis. Dej. Sp. Gen. (Culosoma). Habitat in 

446 Catalogue of tht Gtodephagoua Coleoptera. 

provinciis mediis et occidentalibus. Propter corpus 
apterum, thoracemque basi leviter emarginatum cum 
Carabis collocavi hanc speciem. 


1. scrutator. Fabr. Syst. El. ; Say. Dej. loc. cit. Abundat 


2. * W i 1 CO X i . Supra viridianeum, aneum, vel nigrocvneum g 

subtus aureo ccerulcoquc micans, pedibus chalybcis, 

thorace valde transverso, aurco-marginato, clytris 

prnfunde striatis, cupreo-marginatis, interstitiis trant- 

versim striatis, punctis impressis triplici serie. Long. 

•77, lat. -4. 

Habitat a NovEboraco ad Texas rarissime. Praecedenti 

simillimum, at triplo minus, tboraceque paulo breviore (latitu- 

dine triplo breviore) lateribus pone medium minus rotundato, 

obsolete retracto ; elytrorumque striis minus profunde punctatis 


3. f r i g i (1 U in . Kirby. F. B. A. IV. Habitat ad Lacum Su- 

jicriorem sat frequens. 

4. S a v i . Dej. Sp. Gen. Habitat in provinciis australibus minus 


5. C a 1 i d 11 111. Fabr. Syst. El.: Say. Dej. loc. cit. Habitat in 

provinciis mediis et occidentalibus frequens. 
r > 1 c ]> i (1 11 111 . LeC. Host. J. N. H. V. pi. 18. Habitat ad flumcn 

Yellow-stone ; a Dom. J. J. Audubon amice datum. 
7. O 1) I o 1 o t u m . Say. J. A. N. Sc. III. 

/ // .r (I f U m . D<'j. Sb. Gen. II. Habitat cum priore. 
s. t r i S t C . LeC. Bost. J. N. II. V. pi. 18. Habitat cum prioiibus, 

ctiam a Horn. Audubon datum. 

Catalogue of the Geodephagous Coleoptera. 447 

NEBRIA. Latr. 
HELOBIA. Leach Kirby. 

1. p a 1 1 i p e S . Say. Trans. A. P. S. II : Dej. Sp. Gen. 

Castanipes. Kirby. F. B. A. IV. Habitat in provin- 
vinciis mediis, borealibus, et occidenlalibus. 


1. tesselatum. Say. J. A. N. Sc. III. 

Lecontei. Dej. Sp. Gen. Habitat in provinces mediis 

et occidentalibus. 
* maculis viridibus. 
/B maculis obscure cyaneis. 

2. americanum. Dej. Sp. Gen. 

labiatum. Say. Trans. A. P. S. II. 

Sayi. Kirby. F. B. A. IV. Habitat in provinciis mediis 
et occidentalibus frequens. 

3. labiatum. Fabr. Syst. EL: Dej. Sp. Gen. Habitat in 

provinciis australibus et NovEboraci. 

4. *nitidlim. Viridi-ameum nitidum, thorace marginibus 

punctata, lateribus argenteo-marginato, elytris tenuiter 
striatis, seriatim Jbveatis, ajiice laivibus, margine 
tenui, maculixque 3 marginalibus, antennis, jpalpis 
pedibusque pallidis. Long. "23, lat. -15. Habitat 

in Terrilorio Missouriensi, et in provinciis occiden- 
talibus minus frequens. 
Hemisphaericum, viridiaeneum, per-nitidum. Caput, postice 
sparse punctatum, naso, labro, mandibulisque obscure testaceis. 
Thorax basi trisinuatus, medio subangulato, marginibus omni- 
bus late disperse punctatis, disco plaga brevi, lata, fere laevi ; 
lateribus anguste argenteo-marginatis. E'ytra margine tenui, 
mox pone bumeros triangulariter dilatata, fascia pone medium 
obliqua introrsum valde abbreviata, maculaque apicali testaceo- 

•4 1^ Catalogue of the GeoJephagous Coleoptera. 

palliilis ; colore viridkeneo ad suturam non abbreviate ; grosse 
seriatim punctata, punctis striis longitudinalibus tenuissimis con- 
juuetis. Subtus nigrum, epipleuris, palpis, antennis, pedibusque 

BLETHISA. Bonelli. 

1 . q 11 a d r i C 1 1 i S . Hald. Proc. A. N. S. III. Specimen ad 
Lacum Superiorem inventum, a Dom. Haldeman 
amicissime datum. Habitat quoque ad Boston pro- 
vincial Massacbusetts. Mus. Harris. 


1. C 1 a i r v i 1 1 c i . Kirby. F. B. A. IV. 

fu Hgi n OS it S? Say. Trans. A. P. S. IV 

a m t r i C a ti U S ? Dej. Sp. Gen. (Spec, minus.) Habitat 
in provinciis mediis et occidentalibus rarissime. 

2. " c l c a t r l c o s ll s . Ohteurt crncus, cqpite punctate, inter 

Oculos sub-clcrato, iwprcssoouc ; thoracc grosse, sub- 

confh/cntcr pit net a to, impression \b%8 pluribus ; ehjtrit 

Jnvets occllatis subptcrpureu, intrrstitits nitidis, parcc 

punrtads. Long. -35, ] a t. -15. Specimen unicum e 

provincial' Nov Elmnici medio. 

rnecOTanti simillimus, at thoracis irregulariter impresso, gros- 

sius punctate, clytrorunique interstitiis fere hevibus valde diflbrt. 

Subeloqgattia, obscure ;meus, supra nigro-ameus. Caput \mnc- 

latum, plaga parva laevi utrinque pone oculos ; inter oculos linea 

arcuatt minus profunda, foveaque oblonga notatum. Thorax 

capita cum oculis angustior, latitudine non brevior, lateribus an- 

tice rotundatus, pone medium valde contractus, sinuatusque, 

'ili;s pcisticifl rectis, acutis; disco sparse grosseque punctatus, 

In.- IITic .Icnsius: linea longitudinali nulla; antice postic equo 

longitudiaaliter elevatus, fovea oblonga utrinque ante medium et 

prope basin, punctisque duobua ad medium approxim'atis, fovea 

Utrinqua basali, duobusque vel trihus utrinquo versus latcra. 

Catalogue of the Gcodcphagous Coleoptera. 449 

Elytra foveis purpureas, magnis, ocellatis (nonnullis antice emar- 
ginatis) medio punctatis, serie quadruplici impressis ; interstitiis 
nitidis, fere laevibus, puncti3 paucis sparsis. 

3. intermedins. Kirby. F. B. A. IV. Specimen prope 

Lono-'s Peak inveni ; sequente duplo major, tbora- 
ceque multo latiore. 

4. ruscarius. Say. Trans. A. P. S. IV. 
riparius. Say. ibid. II.: Dej. Sp. Gen. Sequenti simil- 

limus, at tborace postice magis subito constricto, 
impressione transversa anteriore profunda, ad mar- 
ginem lateralem extendente, foveisque elytralibus 
profundis satis distinctus. Cum speciminibus Euro- 
paeis accurate comparatus, longe differt. Habitat 

5. *similis. Brunneo-<eneus, punctatissimus, thorace postice 

retracto, laterilnis sinuato, impressione trasaversa an- 
teriore minus profunda, disco utrinque medio leviter 
foveato : eiytris foveis rotund at is minus impress it, 
plagaque quadrata Icecigata. Long. -24, lut. "10. 
Habitat ad Long's Peak. 
Praecedenti simillimus, at colore minus obscuro, thorace pos- 
tice minus constricto, angulis rectis, minus divaricatis, impres- 
eionibus minus profundis : eiytris minus convexis, foveis vix 
purpureis, puncto elevato (sicut in praecedente), multo minus 
notatis ; interstitiis vix elevatis, punctatissimis, p'aga solum una, 
quadrata, laevigata inter foveas 2 miam et 3 lain ad suturam. Subtus 
viridibeneus, dense punctatus, femoribus basi, tibiis tarsisque ler- 


1. *COnfllSUS. Nigro-cnncus, pcrnitidus, capi e inter bculos 
1-striato, thorace impression/ bus basihbus m<>dir.c 
"profundis, eiytris striis 7, cam' sutural ■ margina'ique 
punctatis, fere integris, punct que imprcssd", antenna- 
rum basi rvjopicco. Long. -19. Habitat biqtie. 

ACtO Catalogue of the Geodephagous Coleopte/a. 

A N.biguttatoEuropse Btria Bubmargtnali non obliterate, mar- 
tltque postice punctata valde distinctus. 

Nigro-a neua, perhitidus. Caput ante oculos striolis brevibus, 
punctisque 1 impressum : inter oculos 7-striatum, striis externis 
paulo profit ndioribus, inteYstitiis angustis, rectis. Thorax fere 
planus, post ice modice rctractus, marginibus omnibus disperse 
punctatia, densiua vereus angulos anticosj irapressionibus basali> 
bus Daodice profundis, non acute impressis. Elytra stria sutu- 
rali, 7 externis, margin alique punctatis, striis poatice parum 
abbreviate, auturali, l mft . 6 l *que postice profundioribus : puncto 
utriuquc inter 2 mlum et 3 iam ante medium. Subtus niger, tibiis 
anticis picescentibus. 
j. s c ill i s t . r i u t u S. Say. Trans. A. V. S. II. Habitat ubique 

Precedent! affinis, at minor, striis l ina , 2 n(la , 7 n,a que postice 
obliterans ; antennia concoloribus, nigria. Caput striis brevie* 
ribua, minus profundis, alteraque postice inter externas duas. 

3. * D-st riatus. Long. # 18. Habitat in provinciia aaatra- 

libus, el mediia. N. semistriato otmrino similis ; dif- 
fert tantum capita inter oculos 9-striato, striis externis 
profundioribus, alteraque breviore utiinque inter 
l""" i : •- - ■ • dio late interrupta. 

4. DOrrectllSi Say. Trans. A. P. S. I V. Habitat NofEbo- 

: i. Capite 7-atriato, striis externis multo profundi- 
oribuk a reliquis magis retinitis, striola sntica, alte- 
raque medio late interrupta inter duas externas. 
Elytra sicul in praecedentibus duobus : antennia, 
palpis pedibusque rufo-testaceis valde distinctus*. 

Cy chr 118 Andre wsii. Harris. Boat. J. N. II. 

Carabus carolinus* Fabr. Syat fa. (An species 
i ecte Americana ?) 

B e a u v o i si i. Dej. Sp. Gen. 

L h erminieri. Dej. ibid. 

Catalogue of the Gcodejiliagous Coleoptera. 451 

Elaphrus obscurior. Kirby. F. B. A. 

Sub. Fam. V. — Bcmbidiidcs. — Westwood. 
Subulipalpi. — Latr. Dej. 


Caput fronte utrinque striate 
Mentum dente bifido. 

Elytra stria scutellari distincta, suturali postice non rccurvata. 
Tarsi antici $ articulo l mo longitudine reliquis conjunctis 

1. S i g i 1 1 a r e . Say. Trans. A. P. S. IV. 

Stigntaticu m . Dej. Sp. Gen. Habitat in provtnciis 

2. illipressum. Fabr. Syst. EL: Dej. loc. eit.. Habitat ad 

Lacum Superiorem. 

3. paludosum. Panzer: Dej. Sp. Gen.: Icon. IV. tab. 211. 

lit t or ale. Oliv. Habitat ad Lacum Superiorem. 
Ab individuis Europaeis maculis elytralibus subcupreis major- 
ibus, plagam magnam ad striam 3 iam extendentem formantibus, 
a Dom. Zimmerman diferre dicitur haec species. Speciminibus 
tamen pluvimis accurate examitiatis, maculas magnitudinis varia- 
bilis videntur, nunc discretse, nunc confluentes ; semper tamen 
interstitium G tuin maculam longam nitidum ad medium liabct. 
Specimina necnon Europae pariter variant. (Conf. Dej. Sp. V. 
4. *lac'listre. JEncum, thoracc quadrato, latcribus levitcr 
sinuato, elytris striatopunctatis, subtrtissime gran ulatis 
intcrstitiis i t0 G to quc immaculatis, 5 t0 ,l m "que macula 
parva nitida : 3 io Juvcis quadratis duabus impressis. 
Long. *21. Habitat ad Lacum Superiorem. 
Prascedenti simillimum, tborace postice magis sinuato, elytris 
profundius 6triato-punctatis, versus basin minus elevatis, inter- 

462 Catalogue of the Gcodcj>hagou$ Coleoptera. 

Ftitio 4 t0 G lo que immaculatis, antennarumque articulis 2 rufis dis- 

.r>urn. Caput sicut in B. paludoso. Thorax latitudine 
paulo brevior, lateribus ante medium rotundatus, pone medium 
sinuatus, angulis posticis acutis, antice obsolete angustatus, pos- 
tice vix retractus, basi utrinque valde obliqua : subtiliter rugo- 
6us, antice posticeque striatus, disco modice convexus ; impres- 
sionilms transversis distinctis, posteriore profunda, linea longitu- 
dinali profunda utrinque abbreviafa, basalibus profundis. Elytra 
profundius striato-punctata, interstitiis leviter convexis, duobus 
primis violaceo-nitidis, apice granulatis, 3 10 nitido, foveis 2 quad- 
ratis, granulatis, utraque puncto antico notata ; 4 t0 6 to que imma- 
culatis, granulatis, 5 t0 macula parva nitida ad medium, 7 mo 
macula parva ad trientem secundum ; 6tria 4 ta sicut in praece- 
dentc sinuata. Subtus ameus, pernitidus, femorum basi, tibiis 
tar^isque runs. 

5. i n a e q u a 1 c . Say. J. A. N. S. III. 

a r ( n (I r Ptl fH . Dej. Sp. (Jen. V. 81. Habitat in Penn- 
B) lvania, et ad b'orky -Mountains : a juiecedentibus 
thorace latitudine non breviore valde diatioctum. 
Elytra profundo striato-punctata sunt, et interstitium 
4ium macu ] am nitidam ad medium habet, maculis re- 
b'quU sicut in 1>. lacustri. 

ODONT11M. gen. nov. 
Mkntim dente longissimo, convexo, subobtuso. Reliquis sicut 
in Bembidio. 

1. COXendix. Say. J. A. C. III. Habitat ad Rocky Moun- 

tains. Sequenti simillimum, at tborace -latitudine 
plus 6esqui breviore lateribus valde rotundato, pos- 
tice profundius simiato, retractoque ; elytrorum disco 
non testacco, femoribusque piceis facile dignoscen- 

2. n i t i (1 u 1 u in. Dej. Sp. (Jen. V. 84. 

COXend i .r . Say. Trans. A. P. S. IV. Habitat ubique. 

Catalogue of the Geodephagous Coleoptcra. 453 


Caput fronte utrinque striato. 
Mentum dente valde distincte bifido. 
Elytra striis postice abbreviates, scutellari distincta. 
Tarsi antici <f articulo l mo valde dilatato, reliquis taraen bre- 

1. laevigatlim. Say. Trans. A. P. S. II.: Dej. Sp. Gen. 
(Leja.) Habitat ubique, frequentius in provinciis 
occidentalibus. In speciminibus bene conservatis, e 
seriebus punctorum interstitialibus setae distinctae 
brunnece oriuntur. 


Caput fronte utrinque striato, vel raro bistriato. 
Mentum dente simplici, apice rotundato plerisque. 
Thorax postice truncatus. 

Elytra stria suturali postice non incurvata, scutellari distincta. 
Genera Megerliana Notaphum, Perypbum, Lejam et Lopham, 
cum speciebus aliis intermediis continens. 

A. Elytris striis externis integris. 

§ 1. Elytris immaculatis : interstitio 3 io ad striam 3 irim bipunc- 

1. am er i C a nUS. Dej. Sp. Gen. Habitat ubique usque ad 

Rocky Mountains. 

2. *salebratUS. JEneus, nitidus, thorace quadrato, latcri- 

bus obsolete sinuato, postice vix rctracto, impressione 
transversa poster lore profunda, elytris profundc stria- 
to-punctatis, puncfisque 2 tmj'rcssis ; antcnnarum 
basi, pedibusque rufo-piceis. Long. '16. Habitat 
ad LaPointe Lacus Superioris. 

Forma fere O. antiqui (L)ej.) at duplo minor, tborace latiore, 
postice vix angustato. 

jEneus, nigricans, nitidus. Caput impvessionibus frontalil^us 

184 Catalogue of the Geodephagous Colcoptera. 

Inngis rectis, profundis. Antenna piceae, basi rufo-picese, vel 
ruffe. Paljii rufi. Thorax capite latior, latitudine sesqui bre- 
rior, amice posticeque truncatus, lateribus paulo rotundatis, pone 
median) obsolete sinuatis, parum retractis, basi utrinque obliquo, 
sngulia posticis obtusis, minime rotundatis: linea longitudinali 
profunda, antice abbreviata, impressione transversa posteriore 
profunda, medio angulata, basalibus parvis, prufundis, punctoque 
hnpresso ad angulum. Elytra tborace sesqui latiora, leviter con- 
vera, striis antice valde profunde punctatis, postice lsevibus, l" m , 
gd« j 7ma ( 8"que postice profundioribus. Subtus niger, yix aeneus, 
pedibus rufo-piceis. 

3. * p u r purasc ens. Siger vix omens, thorace quadrato, 

]>ost;cc vix angustato, impressione transversa posteriore 

profunda; ehjtris rufo-purpurcis, p>rofunde striato- 

punctatis, punctisquc 2 impressis ; antennarum basi 

pedibksque rufo-piceis. Long. -17. Habitat ad La- 

cum Sabulosam prope Mississippi scaturigines. 

Niger vix aneus, Bubdepressus. Caput impressionibus fron- 

talibui longis, rectis, profundis. Thorax capite sesqui latior, 

latitudine sesqui brevior, antice leviter emarginatus, basi rotun- 

datus, lateribus antice rotundatis, postice vix angustatus, angulis 

I Jticis obtusis, non rotundatis; linea longitudinali vel integra, 
vel utrinque abbreviata, impressione transversa posteriore pro- 
funda, basalibus duplicibus, pUoctifbrmibus, basi versus angu- 
obsolete rugose punctata. Elytra planiuscula, rufo-purpurea, 
tborace sesqui latiora, striis profunde punctatis, postice leevibus: 
]"" V"'c|ue ad apicem paulo profundioribus. Subtus niger, pe- 
<bbus rufo-piceis. Variat striis elytrorum aureo-mieantibus. 
1. basal is. JEneus, nitidu*, aubdepresgu*, thorace quadrato, 
lateribus subsinuato, postice paulo retracto, impressio- 
nibus transversis profundi*: elytris profunde striata- 
punctatis, punctisquc 2 impressis .- antennarum articu- 
lo 1'"", pedibusque rufi*. Long. -23. Habital in 
prbvinciis mediis. Sequentibua 3 similis, at thoracis 
forma facile distinctus. 

Catalogue of the Gcodcphagous Coleoptera. 455 

Bembidium honestum 1 Say. Trans. A. P. S. IT. 

iEneus, nitidus. Caput iinpressionibus frontalibus longis, rec- 
tis, profundis. Antenna articulo l m0 rufo, palpi basi rufi. Tho 
rax capite latior, latitudine vix sesqui brevior, apice fere trunca- 
tus, basi utrinque obliqua, lateribus paulo rotundatus, pone 
medium vix sinuatis, ad basin paulo retractis, angulis posticis 
rectis, prominulis: linea longitudinali tenui, utrinque abbreviata; 
iinpressionibus transversis profundis, leviter arcuatis, basali 
utrinque parva, leviter rugosa. Elytra thorace plus sesqui latiora, 
planiuscula, profunda striato-punctata, striis ad apicem laevibus. 
Subtus nigro-virescens, pedibus laete rufo-piceis. 

Variat chalybeus. 

5. # dilatatllS. uEncus, nitidus, dep?-cssus, ilwrace lateribus 

valde rotundatis, postice sinuatis, valde retractis, im- 
pressionc postcriore profunda, elytris striato-punctatis, 
punctisque 2 impressis : antennarum articulo l mo pe- 
dibusnue rufis. Long. *23. Habitat ad Colum- 
bian!, Pa. 
Praecedente paulo major, et magis depressus : elytra quam in 
sequentibus duobus minus profunde striata sunt. 

iEneus, depressus. Caput iinpressionibus frontalibus profun- 
dis, longis, leviter sinuatis. T/iorax capite latior, latitudine 
duplo brevior, antice fere truncatus, basi utrinque obliquo ; late- 
ribus valde rotundatus, versus basin valde retractus, breviterque 
sinuatus, angulis posticis obtusis non rotundatis ; linea longitu- 
dinali utrinque abbreviata, iinpressionibus transversis distinctis, 
posteriore profunda, basalibus parvis, profundis. Elytra tborace 
vix sesqui latiora, striato-punctata, striis postice levioribus, im- 
punctatisque, interstitiis planis. Subtus nigro-virescens, pedibus 
laete rufo-piceis. 

6. ant it] U US. Dej. Sp. Gen. Habitat in provinciis mediis 

et ad Lacum Superiorcm. 

7. clialceus. Dej. ibid. Habitat in provinciis mediis minus 

frequens ; thorace convexiore, postice magis subito 
retracto, impressione transversa anteriore fere nulla 
facile dignoscendus. 

456 Catalogue of ihc Geodephagous Colcoplera. 

8. • P 1 a 11 a t U S . E'ongatus, valdc deprcssns, nigro-ameus, tho- 

race quadrato, postice vix retrarto, angulis posticis 

rectis imprcssianibus transvcrsis profundi* ; elytris 

tenuitcr striato-punctatis, punctisque 2 impressis, stria 

5 ,a apice exarata. Long. *3. Abundat ad Lacum 

Superiorem Augusto. 

Magnus in hoc gencre : elongatus, valde depressus, nigro- 

aeneus. Caput impressionibus frontalibus longis, rectis, extus 

leviter curvalis. Thorax quadratus, latitudine paulo brevior, 

antice posticnpie truncatus, lateribus vix rotundatus, postice sub- 

sinuatus, paulo angustatus, angulis posticis rectis, minime rotun- 

datis ; linca longitudinali profunda, antice abbreviata, impressio- 

nibus transversis profundis, anteriore angulata ; basalibus latis, 

rugosis, bistriatis, carina brevi externa acuta. Elytra thorace 

vix sesqui latiora, elongata, plana, parum nitida, tenuiter striato- 

punctata, etria 5 ta postice obsolete sinuata, profunde exarata. 

Tibia picescentes. 

9. *longlllllS. Elongatus depressus, nigcr, thorace quadrato, 

lateribus rotundato, postice leviter angustato, imprcs- 

sione transversa posteriore basalibusque profundis, 

elytris sulnrncis, profunde striato-punctatis, punctisque 

2 iinpressis : striis V a iV a G'"quc a\dce subobsoletis. 

Long. '15. Habitat ad Aquike Portum Lacus Su- 


HabitU8 fere Dromii americani, elongatus, valde depressus, 

niger, nitidus. Caput impressionibus frontalibus rectis, profundis. 

Thorax capita latior, latitudine sesqui brevior, apice basique 

truncatus, lateribus antice rotundatis, pone medium fere rectis, 

leviter retractis, angulis posticis obtusis noo rotundatis; disco 

leviter COnvexus; linea longitudinali antice abbreviata, impres- 

sione transversa anteriore tenui, margini approximata, arcuata, 

I tcriore profunda) fere recta, basalibus profundis, duplicibus, 

carina externa brevi, acuta. Elytra Bubasuea, thorace vix bos qui 

latiora, elongata, plana, apice rotundato-subtruncata, profunda 

■triato-punctata, striis postice irapunciatrs, l la , 5 ta , C t,l que versus 

apteral •ubobtoletis, 7 ma postice profundiore. 

Catalogue of the Geodephagous Coleoptera. 457 

10. # SllbaeneilS. Nigroaneus, tlwrace later ibus rotundato, 

postice leviter retracto, impressionibus transversis ba- 

salibusque prqfundis, ehjtris valde profunde striato- 

punctatis, punctisque 2 impressis ; striis i ta , 5 ta , 6 ta que 

apice subobliteratis. Long. 15. Habitat ad Lacum 


Statura omnino O. salebrati, at pedibus nigris ; thoracis forma 

praecedentem refert, a quo corpora minus depresso, elytrisque 

profundius striatis distinctus. 

Nigro-aneus, pernitidus. Caput impressionibus frontalibua 
profundus, rectis. Thorax capite latior, latitudine sesqui bre- 
vior, utrinque truncatus, lateribus ante medium modice rotun- 
datis, pone medium fere rectis, retractis, angulis posticis obtusis 
non rotundatis; disco subconvexus ; Tinea longitudinali profunda, 
antice abbreviata, impressionibus transversis profundis, anteriore 
arcuata, a margine remota, basalibus profundis, rugosis, bistriatis, 
carina externa brevi, minus conspicua. Elytra thorace sesqui 
latiora, modice convexa, striata, striis valde punctatis, postice 
laevibus, 4 ta 5 ta , 6 ta que postice subobsoletis, suturali, 2 nda , 7 ma 
que versus apicem profundis. 

Intermedius videtur inter sectionem hanc et §2. B. ft. (Sp. 
39, et 40.) 

1 1 Elytris maculis variis fasciiformibus, testaceis ; 
interstitio 3 io bipunctato ; tborace basi bistriato, 
carinatoque. — Notaphus. Meg. 

11. *COrdatUS. Depressus, ancus, thorace lateribus valde 

rotundato, postice valde coarctato ; elytris fasciis 
duabus, apiceque testarci* ; striis basi leviter punc- 
tatis, inter stitiis planis; antennarum basi epipleuris 
pedihusque rufo-textaceis. Long. *25. Habitat Nov- 
Eboraci minu3 fiequens. 
Sequentibus plus duplo major, valde depressus, aeneus, minus 
nitidus. Caput latum, antice acutum, impressionibus frontalibua 
non profundis, leviter obliquis. Antennae, capite thoraceque paulo 
lono-iores, fuscae, basi rufb-testaceae. Thorax capite cum oculia 

458 Catalogue of the Gcodcpliagous Colcojitcra. 

vix latior, latitudine fere duplo brevior, apice basique truncatus, 
lateribua valde rotundatis, postice valde retractis breviterque 
sinuatis, (latitudine basali latitudine summa duplo fere minore) 
angulis posticis rectis non rotundatis ; fere planus; linea longi- 
tudinal] tenui, utrinque abbreviata, impressionibus transversis 
indistinct is, basalibus parvis, bistriatis, stria interiore paulo lon- 
giore, carina externa, distincta. Elytra thoracis latitudine summa 
vix latiora, plana, striata, striis ante medium leviter punctatis, 
interstitiis omnino planis, fascia obliqua ante medium ad striam 
2ndam extendentc, intus bifurcata, extus latiore; altera angulata 
ad trientem secundum, intus ad striam 3 iam extendente, parte 
interna nonnunquam vix distincta; apiceque late obscure tes- 
taceis; margine summo ante medium seneo. Subtus niger, 
epipleuris pedibusque testaceis. 

a. fascia antica interstitium 3 ium 4 tum que includente et ad basin 
extendente, maculam aeneam humeralem amplectente. 

12. (1 O r S a 1 i S . Say. Trans. A. P. S. II. Dej. Sp. Gen. Habitat 

ad Kocky Mountains; thorace splendid e viridiasneo, 
elytrisque testaceis fasciis fuscis facile dignoscendus. 

13, UmbratUS. Capite thoraceque tenets, hoc Lasi vix rc- 

tracto, rugoso, bistriato, elytris striata-], mutatis, tes- 
taceis, fascia ail medium siituata, mactllqaite j)0.stica 
subsuturali leviter obscuns, antennarvm Lasi . pedibus, 
epipleurisque testaceis. Long. *17. Habitat ad Rocky 
Praecedente duplo minor. Caput a?neum, parum nitidum, 
impressionibus frontalibus, fere rectis, profundis. Antenna 
corporis dimidium aequ antes, fusca?, basi testaceae. Thorax 
capite latior, latitudine sesqui brevior, quadratus, lateribus parum 
rotund at us, pone medium levissime retractus, obsoleteque sinua- 
tus, angulis posticis lore obtusis, non rotundatis; aeneus, parum 
nitidus, basi rugosus ; linea longitudinal] profunda, utrinque 
abbreviata, iznpressionibus transversis distinctis, basalibus modi- 
bistriatis, carina distincta. Elytra tlioraco paulo latiora, 
elongato-elliptica, postice leviter angustata, Btriato-punctata, stria 
,oi;i versus apicem leviter sinuata, Integra, interstitiis levissime 

Catalogue of the Geodcpliagous Coleoptcra. 459 

convexis ; obscure testaceis, puncto nigro ante medium, fascia 
undata, angusta ad medium, maculaque magna postica subsutu- 
rali, nonunquam communi, leviter infuscatis. Subtus niger, 
epipleuris, pedibusque testaceis. 

». elytris basi late obsoleteque infuscatis. 

14. * viridi colli S. Ferte. Rev. Zool. 1841. Specimen 

unicum ad Rocky Mountains inventum. 
Thorace obscure viridiaeneo, convexiusculo, latitudine paulo 
brevinre, lateribus rotundato, postice angustato, angulis posticis 
rectis, prominulis, elytris profunde striato-punctatis, interstitiis 
leviter convexis, maculis latis, fere indeterminatis, epipleuris 
nigris, pedibus testaceis, facile dignoscendus. 

15. patruelis. Dej. Sp. Gen. Habitat ubique; a sequente 

elytris paulo profundius striatis, epipleurisque pal- 
lidis satis distinctus. 

16. V a r i e g a t U S . Say. Trans. A. P. S. II. Habitat ubique ; 

epi pleura? nigrae. 

17. SBIieicollis. Capite thoraceque cuprceo-ceneis, nitidis, 

hoc lafo, lateribus rotundato, postice leviter retracto, non 
sinuato, basi bistriato, elyris striato-punctatis, rufo- 
piceis, margine ante medium lato, fascia brevi postica, 
apiceque pallidioribus ; antennarum basi, pedibus epi- 
pleurisque rufs. Long. "17. Habitat ad Lacum Su- 
Praecedenti similis, at thorace nitidiore, lateribus non sinuato, 
angulis posticis obtusis, elytrisque rufo-piceis differt. 

Caput cuprceo-ameum, impressionibus frontalibus profundis 
subobliquis, antennas fuscae, basi testaceae. Thorax capite sesqui 
latior, latitudine fere duplo brevior, utrinque truncatus, lateribus 
rotundatus, postice leviter retractus, (latitudine basali apicalem 
aequante), non sinuatus, angulis posticis obtusis non rotundatis ; 
disco vix convexus, linea longifudinali subititegra, impressione 
transversa posteriore recta, basalibus latis, distinctius breviter 
bistriatis, carina externa distincta. Elytra thorace paulo latiora, 
convjxiuscula, striis (externis paulo levioribus) ante medium 

4G0 Catalogne of the Geodcphagous Coleoplora. 

punctatis, interstitiis levissime convexis, 7 ma postice profundiore; 
rufo-pirea, margine ante medium, in fasciam abbreviatam fere 
transversam ad trientem dilatato ; fascia oblique ascendente pone 
medium, apieequc rufo-testaceis. Subtus niger, epipleuris pedi- 
busque rufo-testaceis. 

19. * r a p i d 11 S . Nigroa^ncus, thorace lateribus rotundaio, postice 
retracto, subsinuato, basi bistriato, imprcssionibus trans- 
vcrsis profundi*, elytris striato-punctatis, interstitiis 
planissimis, fascia brcvi, obliqua ante apicern, apieequc 
rufo-testaceis ; antennarum basi, pedibusque dilulius 
rufo-piccis. Long. *15. Habitat ad Rocky Mountains. 
O. patrueli magis elongatus, depressusque. Nigroaeneus sub- 
t nitidus. Caput impressionisms frontalibus subobliquis, leviter 
n<>tatis. Antenna: fuscae, basi testaceae. Thorax capite paulo 
latior, latitudine plus sesqui brevior, apice basique truncatus, 
laturibus rotundatus, pone medium retractus, brevissime sinuatus, 
angulis posticis reclis, latitudine basali apicali minora; disco 
parum convexus ; liuea longitudinali tenui, utrinque abbreviata, 
impressionibus transversis dixtinctis, basalibus profundis, bistri- 
atis, tubcrculo obsoleto ad angulum posticum; carina externa 
distiucta. Elytra tborace latiora, elongala, deprcssiuscula, striis 
tciniiter juiuctatis, versus apicern lasvibus, 7 ,Ila paulo profund- 
iore, inteislitiis planissimis; macula oblique ascendente pouo 
medium, apiceque late testaceis. .Subtus niger, pedibus dilute 
piceis, tiblifl tarsisque nonnunquam pallidioribus. 

19. * t i 111 i (1 11 S . Nigro-riridis, vix cneus, thorace convexiusculo, 
suficnrdato, basi bistriato, impressionibus transversis 
profundi^ ; elytris clongato-rili] (iris, striato-putictatis, 
basi ldt€ testacco-w bulosis, fascia Integra sinuata pone 
medium, apict ,/ue obscure It staceis ; anlt nnarum arti- 
cuht \ no pedibtuque piceo. testaceis.. Long. '12. Spe- 
cimen Unicom ad Rocky Mountains invent urn. 
I'j reel. ute triplo minor, elongatus, aubconvexus, nigro- 
Mridis. Antenna articulo l mo rufo-picco. Thorax capite paulo 
latior, latitudine sesqui brevior, apice basique truncatus, later- 

Catalogue of the Geodephagous Coleoptera. 461 

ibus valde rotundatis, postice retractis, subsinuatis; latitudino 
basali apicali minore ; disco convexus ; linea longitudinali antice 
abbreviata, impressionibus transversis profundis, basalibus parvis 
rugosis, bistriatis, carina distincta. Elytra thorace paulo latiora, 
elongata, elliptica, subconvexa, nigro-picea, usque ad medium 
testaceo-nebulosa, pone medium fascia curvata ad suturam ex- 
tendente, maculaque parva apicali testaceis ; profunde striato- 
punctata, striis postice paulo levioribus, et minus distincte 
punctatis, interstitiis ad basin levissime convexis. Subtus niger 
epipleuris fuscescentibus, pedibus dilute piceo-testaceis. 
20. * p i C t U S . Niger, capite thoraceque nitidissimis, hoc eonvexo, 
subcordato, hasi minus distincte hisiriato, elytris pro- 
funde striato-punctatis, striis extcrnis ad apicem obli- 
teratis ; versus basin late testacco-ncbulosis, fascia 
obliqua pone medium, apice, epipleuris, anlennarum 
basi, pedibusque testaceis. Long. *10. Habitat ad 
Rocky Mountains. • 
Statura sequentis, sed thorace convexiore, lateribus magis 
sinuatis distinctus. 

Niger, obscure aeneus. Caput oblique valde profunde striatum. 
Antenna basi rufae. Thorax capite vix latior, latitudino sesqui 
brevior, utrinque truncatus, lateribus valde rotundatus, pone 
medium valde retractus, (latitudine basali apicali sesqui minore,) 
sinuatus, angulis posticis rectis prominulis ; disco convexus, linea 
longitudinali antice abbreviata, impressionibus transversis pro- 
fundis, basalibus parvis, profundis, rugosis, minus distincte bi- 
striatis ; carina brevissima. Elytra fere elliptica, thorace vix 
latiora, convexa, profunde striato-punctata, striis extcrnis postice 
obliteratis, 7 ma ad apicem paulo profundiore; nigro-picea ante 
medium testacea, macula humerali, suturaque nigro-piceis, fascia 
obliqua pone medium ad striam 3' arn extendente, apiceque tes- 
taceis. Subtus niger, epipleuris pedibusque testaceis. 

at. Elytra testacea, macula cornmuni pone medium ephippiata, 
ramoque obliquo ad marginem extendente nigro-piceis. 

/3. Elytra nigro-picea, ante medium obsolete testaceo-nebu- 
losis, maculis pone medium solitis. 

462 Catalogue of the Gcodeplagous Colcopiera. 

y. Elytra nigra, fascia obliqua, brevi, pnstica. 

II. v c rsi c ol o r. 

V a r l (' ff ft t it S . Kirby. F. 13. H. IV. (Notapbus). Abun- 

dat at Lacum Superiorem. Propter O. variegatum 

Sayi, supra citatum, nomen mutavi. 

Precedent! similis, scd tborace minus convexo, lateribus ob- 

BoJcte Binuato, angulis posticia vix rectis, impressionibus basalibus 

latioribus, carina distinctiore, dill'ert. 

22. Contractus. Say. Trans. A. P. S. II. Habitat Nov- 

Eboraci minus frequens ; a sequent! tborace con- 
vexiore, impressionibus basalibus brevioribus, carina 
nulla, epipleurisque nigris satis distinctus. 

23. constrict us. 

contractus. Dej. Sp. Gen. Abundat ad maris oras 
A Sayo cum preecedente confusus; differt tamen tbo- 
race paulo minus convexo, impressionibus basalibus 
paulo lbngioribus, carinaque externa brevissima vix 
conspicua ; elytria margine, epipleurisque pallidis. 

B. Blytris sniis postiee obliteratis. 

§1. Tborace basi valde constricto, unistriato. Lopha Meg. 
14. affi II is. Say. Trans. A. P. 8. II. 

d c c i p i c it S . Dej. Sp. (Jen. Abundat ubique. 

25. (\ u a (I r i m a C u 1 a t us: Linne". Syst. Nat. : Dej. Sp. Gen. 

Opp O S It 11 S. Say. Trans. A. P. II. Habitat ubique, 

26. frontalis. Parvus, niger nitidus; capite utrinque his/ri- 

a'o, thorace valde cordato, antice posticeque grasse punc- 
tato, (lij'r'is punctato-striatis, striis postiee obliteratis, 
mac a ! a mile apicem, a pier, antennarum basi, pedihus- 
qui tesiaceism Long. '09. Elabitat ad Detroit, minus 
fii cedente plus duplo minor, niger, pernitduS, obsolete uncus. 
A n ten n a fuscae basi testacea?. Caput utiinque profunde obliqua 

Catalogue of the Gcodephagous Colcoptera. 463 

bistriatum, stria exteriore lata, postice abbreviata, interiore lon- 
ga. Thorax capite vix latior, latitudine paulo breviore, postice 
valde angustatus, angulis posticis rectis prominulis; convexus; 
impressionibus transversis e punctis grossis constitutes, linea 
longitudinal! fei-e obsoleta, basalibus parvis, profundis, carina 
externa brevissima notatis. E'ytra thorace duplo latiora, antice 
Ieviter angustjata, convexa, punctato-striata, striis postice oblile- 
ratis, macula rotund at a ante apicem, apiceque testaceis. Subtus 
niger, pedibus dilute testaceis. 

§2. Thorace postice plus minusve retracto, nonunquam fere 
quadrato, basi utrinque bistriato ; elytris bipunetatis. 

t Capite utrinque profunde bistriato. 
27. * S 11 1 C a t U S . Nigro-virescens, pernitidus, capite utrinque 
profunde bistriato, thorace postice modice retracto, la- 
tcribus vix sinuatis ; elytris striato-punctatis, macula 
ante apicem, apice, anicnnarum basi, pedibusque testa- 
ceis. Long. "12. Habitat ad Lacum Superiorem. 
Statura gracilis. Nigro-virescens, pernitidus. Caput utrinque 
profunde longeque bistriatum, stria exteriore latiore. Antenna 
piceae basi rufo-piceae. Thorax capite latior, latitudine sesqui 
brevior, subquadratus, postice mod ice angustatus, utrinque trun- 
catus, lateribus rotundatis pone medium subsinuatis, angulis 
posticis rectis; disco paulo convexus; linea longitudinali sub- 
integra, impressionibus transversis distinctis, basalibus latis 
minus distincte bistriatis, carina externa valde distincta. Elytra 
thorace latiora, convexiuscula, striato-punctata, striis versus api- 
cem obliterans, externis levioribus, l ma & 2 nd:i fere integris, 7 ma 
vix distincta, interstitiis ad basin Ieviter convexis ; macula ante 
apicem, marginem non attingente, apiceque testaceis. Subtus 
niger, pedibus testaceis. 
28. * t r C p i d U S . Nigro-virescens, pernitidus, capite utrinque 
profunde bistriato, thorace postice Ieviter retracto, later- 
ibus vix sinuato ; elytris punctalo-strialis, interstitiis 
planissimis, striis ad apicem obliterates, externis levior- 

4G1 Catalogue (f the Geodcphagous Coleoptera. 

ihus : macula ante apicem, apice, antennarum bast 
pedibusque testaceis. Long. -12. Specimen unicum 
ail Lacum Superiorem inventum. 
"Prncedenti simillimus, sed elytris punctato-striatis, interstitiis 
planissimis distinctus videtur. 

tt Capite utrinque unistriato. 

a. Corpus gracile. Peryphus Meg. 

29. * C a U t U S. A'.er, pcriiitidus, thorace convcxo, levitcr cordato, 

basi bistriato, an»ulis posticis promimdis ; elytris pro' 

funde striato-punctatis, macula parva postica apiceque 

flavo-testaceis ; antennarum basi pedibusque diluthis 

rufo-piceis. Long. -12. Specimen unicum ad Rocky 

Mountains lectum. 

Ater, pernitidus; caput impressionc frontali valde profunda , 

longa, obliqua. Antenna' corporis ditnidium longitudine sequan- 

tes, basi rufo-piceas. Thorax cordatua, capite nun latior, utrmque 

ti meatus, lateribufl rotundatis, pone medium sinuatis modiceque 

retractia, angulia po8ticia rectia, protmnuns; Hnea longitudinal! 

ntrinque abbreviata, impressionibua transversis profundia, basal- 

iboa profundia, rugoaia, obsolete punctatis, bistriatia, caiina dis- 

tincta. Elytra thorace aeaqui latiora, elongata, fere elliptica, 

convexa, profunda Btriato-punctata, striis versus apicem oblite- 

raiis, 7" ,rt ad medium extendente, interstitiis antice leviter con- 

vexis, .';'" profundiua bipunctato : nigro-picea, macula parva 

rotund ata ante apicem, apiceque flavo-testaceis. Subtus niger, 

pedibua dilutiua rufo-piceis. 

30. gelldU8. Elongatus, capite thoraccquc nigro-viridibus, hoc 

cordato, posiicc coarctato, impre sio.iibus basalibus 
valde profundis, obsolete punctatis; e.'y'ris piceis, niti- 
dis, ad basin infuscatis, macula ante apicem rufo-tcs- 
tacea, striato-punctaiis; antennarum basi pedibusque 
rufo-tesfuceis. Long. 17. Abundat ad Lacum Su- 

Extract from the Minutes of the Lyceum of Natural History of 
New-York, February 8th, 1S47. 

Mr. Lawrence read a description of a new species of Pro- 
cellaria from Florida, which he proposes to call Brevirostris. 

P. brevirostris. Above, brownish black ; beneath, white. Bill 
short ; upper tail coverts white : lower, white tipt with ash, and 
very long : tarsi pale yellow ; toes yellow, marked with black at 
their ends for two-thirds their length. 

Length 16 inches ; extent 39 inches. 

The Corresponding Members of the Lyceum of Natural 
History, are respectfully requested to forward communications on 
any subjects connected with the Natural Sciences, to the Secretary 
of the Society. Chemical Examinations of Animal, Vegetable and 
Mineral substances, will be acceptable, as well as Descriptions and 
Accounts of any new objects, in the three Kingdoms of Nature. 

As the publication of the Annals has now been resumed, with 
a prospect of continuance, it is hoped that every one connected 
with the Lyceum will exert himself, that no delay may take place 
in their appearance at reasonable intervals. Donations to the 
Museum, of Shells, Fossils, Minerals, and such Animals as are 
best preserved in spirits, are solicited. 

Catalogue of the Geodephagous Coleoptera. 465 

Sequentibus angustior et minor. Caput nigro-viride, nitidum, 
Impressionibus frontalibus obliquis, punctnque externo antico 
utrinque. Antenna corporis diraidio paulo longiores, piceae, basi 
rufo-testaceae. T/togax longiludine rion latioi - , cordatus, latevibus 
valde rotundatis, pone medium sinuatis, retractisque, angulis 
posticia rectis ; convexus, nigro-viridis ; linea longitudinali inte- 
gra, impressione transversa anteriore nonnunquam geminata, 
parte anteriore profunda; basalibus valde profundis, obsolete 
punctatis, stria exteriore vix conspicua, carina distincta. Elytra 
thorace sesqui latiora, elongata, dorso minus convexa, profunde 
striato-punctata, striis (externis brevioribus) ad apicera oblite- 
rans, 7 ma ad medium extendente, dein obsoleta, ad apicem bre- 
viter exarata ; picea, nonnunquam viridiaeneo-micantia, versus 
basin dilutiora, macula obliqua, descendente, ante apicem ob- 
scure testaceas. Subtus niger, pedibus rufo testaceis. 

31. p i C i p e S . Kirby. F. B. A. IV. (Perypbus). Habitat Nov- 

Eboraci et ad Lacum Superiorem. Variat pedibus 

32. t e t r a C O 1 U m . Say. Trans. A. P. S. II. 
rupicola. Kirby. F. B. A. IV. (Perypbus). 

rupestris. Dej. Sp. Gen. Habitat ubique ; sequenti 
simillimus, sed thorace latitudine plus sesqui bre- 
viore, lateribus magis rotundatis, epipleurisque nigris 
distinctus videtur. 

33. ^SllbstrictllS. Pemitidus, capite thoraceque viridia>neis, 

hoc cordato, postice modlce retracto, lateribus leriter 
sinuatis, basi punctata, elytris piceis, profunde striate- 
punctatis, macula minus distincta ad basin, alteraquc 
oblique descendente ante apicem Jlavo-testaceis ; epiplett- 
ris, ontennarum basi pedibusque rujis. Long. *24. 
Habitat ad Lacum Superiorem. 

Praecedenlem valde refert, sed thorace latitudine sesqui bre- 
viore, lateribus modice rotundatis, epipleurisque brunneo-rufis 

46G Catalogue of (he Qcodejihagous Coteoptera. 

34 # lVCld US. Permtuhu, capite thoraceque viridiceneis fptett* 

didis, hoc latitudine plus sesqtri brcviorc, latcribus 

rotundal's, pnslice brcrilcr sinuatis, basi subtiliicr punc- 

tato; elytris slriafo-punctalis, in'crsi'itiis plants, nigris, 

macula humcrali alicraque obliqita ante apiccm flaw- 

lestaeeis; arhetmarum basi, epipteuris pedihusque rvfis. 

Long. "21. Habitat aJ Lacum Superiorem. 

A preecedentibus duobus thorace postice minus sinuato, rs- 

fractoque, elytria planioribus, minus profunde striato-punctatis, 

interstitiis planis distinctus. Variat elytris rufo-piceis, macuiis 

sicut supra. 

35. postrcmus. Say. Trans. A. P. S. II. 

S C op U Units. Kirby. F. B. A. IV. Habitat NovEboraci 
minus frequens. 

36. bimaculatllS. Kirby. loc. cit. Specimen unicurn ad 

Rocky Mountains invenlum. 

37. *pCrspicilUS. Depress iusculus, nigro-virescens, thorace 

quadrat;), postice modice angustato, vix sinuato, angw 
I'm post ids tubrtctis, Inisi punctata; elytris tcstarcis, 
nebula magna pone medium, maculaquc subdpie'dii 
fuscatU, and -nuarum basi, pidibusquc tcstarcis, ab- 
doinme tufa pictO. Long. "28. Habfrlat ad Rocky 
Statura aequentia, thorace latitudine aesqui breviore, minus 
eonvexo, angulis postici* subrectis, basi subtiliter punctato, 
impreseiombw basalibua parum profundia, carina externa bre- 
vissima fere obsoleta, elylris testaceis-, abduminc rufo-piceo 

38. t r inis VC r sal is. Dei. Sp. Gen. Habitat ad Lacum 

Superiorem sat frequens. 

Thorace distinction raaxginato, basi impunctato, impreaaione 

tran vi m posteriore, baaalibueque profundiB, angulis poaticia 

olitusis non rotundatia, carina externa nulla, elytris nigris, vel 

jiiceis, macula humcrali, aubapiealimie oblupia, magnis testaceis ? 

Catalogue of the Gcodephagous Coleoptera. 467 

interstitiis leviter convexis, stria 7 ma obliterata, epipleurisque 
tiifriis facile dijnioscendus. 

variat colore testaceo magis diffuso, basin totam elytrorum 
occupante, et partem epipleurarum superiorem attingente. 

39. planus. Hald. Proc. Ac. N. S. I. 303. Depressus, niger, 

nltidisslmus, cceruleo-micans, thoracc quadrato, postice 
leviter angustaio, angidis posticis subrectis, impression- 
ibus basal ibus latis, minus distincte bistriatis, rugosis, 
carina nulla; eli/tris striatis, striis obsolete punctatis, 
5 primis fere integris, cxternis levioribus, 6'° basi dis- 
tincta, postice valde abbreviata, l ma omnino obliterata ; 
sutura postice piccscentc, antennarum basi pedibusque 
testaceis. Loner . '21. Habitat NovEboraci et ad La- 
cum Superiorem. 

40. * f U g a X . Elongatus valde depressus, thoracc quadrato, lati- 

tudine plus sesqui brcviore, postice leviter angustato-, 
angulis p isticis rcctis, basalibus subrugosis ; clytris 
profunde striato-punctatis, stria l ma 2 )one medium 
obliterata ; antennarum basi pedibusque rufo-testaccis. 
Long. -23. Habitat in Illinois, a Dora. Willcox 
benevole datus. 
Forma fere O. planati supra descripti, sed duplo minor, et 
elytris profunde striato-punctatis, pedibusque rufis valde differt. 
Elongatus valde depressus, niger nitidissimus, cceruleo-micans. 
Caput utrinque profunde oblique sulcatum. Antenna fusca?, 
basi rufo-testaceae. Thorax latitudine plus sesqui brevior, 
utrinque truncatus, lateribus leviter rotundatis, postice modice 
retractis, angulis posticis rectis ; fere planus, impressionibus trans- 
versis profunJis, linea longitudinali utrinque abbreviata, basalibu3 
minus profundis, subrugosis, strj^interna profunda, externa vix 
distincta. Ehjtra lliorace paulo latiora, elongata, subparallela, 
]>lanata, profunde striata, striis leviter punctatis, extends levior- 
ibus, apice obliteratis, 7 ma ad medium abbreviata, 5 ta apice ex- 
arata. Subtus niger, pedibus rufis. 

468 Catalogue of the Geodephagous Col copter a. 

I). Corpus minus gracile, thorace mnjore. 
Leja. Meg. = EuDROMUs. Kirby. 

41. nicer. Say. Trans. A. P. S. II. : Dej. Sp. Gen. Habitat 

ail Lacum Superiorem et in Pennsylvania minus 

42. nitidllS. Kirby. F. B. A. IV. Habitat ad Rocky Moun- 

tains ct ad Lacum Superiorem. 

TACIIYS. Knoch, 
A. Corpus crassiusculum, plerumque convexum, 
elytris dorso bipunctatis. 

\ Thorace angnlis posticis rectis. 

§1. Elytris striis sex integris, profundis, thorace 
postice leviter retracto sinuatoquo. 
1. cphippiatUS. Say. Trans. A. P. S. IV. 

mundissi in u s . Zim. MSS. 

elcgfllltulus. Ferte. Rev. Zool. 1841. Habitat in pro- 
vinces australibus. 

§2. Elytris 3-vel 4-strialis, thorace postice vix retracto. 
2. * V i V a X • Pieetu, thorace quadrato, latitudine sesqui breviore, 
angvlia posticu recti*, basi Jbveolato, imprcssione 
transversa posteriore profunda, punctata, punctis 3 
major thus ad medium ; elytris margine lalo rufo-tes- 
taceo, antennis pedibusque tcstaccis. Long. -10. Hab- 
itat ubique usque ad Rocky Mountains. 
Sequent! simillimus, sed convexior, et paulo minor. Piceus, 
iiitidissimus. Antenna: ferrugineae, basi testacea?. Thorax ca- 
pita j)lus sesqui latior, latitimine sesqui brevier, quadratus, basi 
tmncatus, lateribus ante medium valde rotundatis, pone medium 
rectis ; disco modice convexus j linea longitudinali tcnuissima, 
Lmpressione transversa anteriore nulla, posteriore profunda, 
punctis 3 ad medium majusculis ; basalibus prol'undis, puncto 

Catalogue of the Geodephagous Coleoptera. 469 

minuto ad angulum. Elytra thorace sesqui latiora, convexa, 

stria suturali integra, 3que vel 4 aliis postice obliterates, stria 

3 la piinctis 2 majusculis, marginali medio late interrupta; rufo 

picea, margine lato rufo-testaceo, ad humerum et ad apicem 

dilatato. Pedes testacei. 

3. tripunctatus. Say. Trans. A. P. S. IV. Habitat Nov- 

Eboraci frequens. Subdepressus, elytrisque iramac- 

ulatis distinctus. Variat rufo-piceus. 

§3. Elytris bistriatis, tborace postice vix retracto. 

4. m e 11 d a X . Rufo-piceus, thorace latitudine plus sesqui breviore, 

impressione transversa profunda, medio punctis 3 ; ely- 
tris thorace sesqui laiioiibus, ad latera pallidioribus ; 
antennis pedibusque iestaceis. Long. *09. Habitat 
NovEboraci et ad Rocky Mountains. 
Sequenti paulo angustior et major, thorace elytris sesqui an- 
ffustiore facile distino-uendus. 

Rufo-piceus, pernitidus. Caput impressionibus minus pro- 
fundis. Thorax capite plus sesqui latior, latitudine plus sesqui 
brevior, basi truncatus, lateribus antice valde rotundatis, pone 
medium rectis ; disco subconvexus ; linea longitudinali tenui, 
impressione transversa posteriore profunda, punctis 3 majusculis 
ad medium, basalibus parvis punctoque ad angulum impresso. 
J'J'ijtra thorace sesqui latiora, convexa, versus marginem pallid- 
iora, stria suturali profunda integra, 2 ,ula utrinque abbreviata, 
3 ia vix evidente, punctis 2 majisculis, stria marginali late inter- 
rupta. Antenna, ^c^esque testaoei. 

5. xanthopus. Dej. Sp. Gen. Habitat ubique j corpore 

concolore, thorace elytris vix angustiore a praoce- 
dente distinctus. 

§4. Elytris unistriatis, thorace postice vix retracto. 
C. incurvus. Say. Trans. A. P. S. IV. Abundat ubique. 
Sequenti simillimus sed minus convexus, et thorace 
lateribus minus rotundato distinctus. 

47 Catalogue of the Gcodephagous Colcoptera. 

7. 1) U 1 C ll C 1 1 11 S . Ferte. Rev. Zool. 1S41. Habitat ubique 

minus frequens, elytris macula bumerali alteraque 
subapicali distinctus. 

8. *clolosilS. Elongatus, convexus, rufo-paUidus, thorace plan- 

iuscido, quadralo, latitudine rix sesqui breviore, later- 
ibu.s pdulo io' un da I is, impressions transversa jioslcriore 
profunda, tervuiter punctata, basalibus profundis, punclo 
majore ad angnlum ; elytris ihoraee sesqui la'ioribus 
elongato-ellipiicis, lamssimis, stria suturali basin rix 
attingentc, marginali late interrupta ; dis'inctius bi- 
punctalis. Long. "09. Habitat ad Rocky Mountains 
Pnecedente angustior, et thorace lateribus minus rotuudatia 
facile distinguendus. 

9. * a 11 C C p S . Pallide rufo-p>iccus, thorace. quadrato, convcxo y 

latitudine fere dvplo breviore, anticc lateribus valde 
rotunda to, p>osticc leritcr retracto, avgvlis post ids levi- 
ter obtusis, impressione transversa posteriore profunda, 
he iter punctata, basalibus minutis ; elytris convcxis, 
thorace sesqui latiuribus, latvissimis, stria suturali ba- 
sin n;m attingentc, marginali medio late interrupta ; 
punctis itnpressis 2 minoribus: aniennis pedibusque 
tcstaccis. Long. "OS. Habitat cum priore. 

Bembidium granarium ] Dej. Sp. Gin. 

Habitus omnitio T. incurvi, sed sesqui minor, et colore, thora- 
cisquc angulis posticis leviter obtusis facile distinctus. 

\\ Thorace postice retracto, angulis obtusis. 
10. * O C C U 1 1 11 S . Pallide rvfo-piccus, thorace convcxo, cordato, 
latitudine sesqui breviore, lateribus valde rotund.ito, 
postice retracto, angulis posticia valde ob usis non ro- 
tunda! is, basi marginal a, impressionibus basalibus 
fere null is : elytris convcxis, la/i inline sesqui lungiori- 
bus, la rissi?nis, punctis 2 subtilibus, stria suturali basin 
fix attingentc, marginali late interrupta ; antcnnis 

Catalogue qftlie Geodephagous Coleoptcra. 471 

capite thoraceque non longioribus, cum pedibus tcsta- 
ceis. Long. *'08. Habitat in Georgia. 
Corpore latiore, convexiore, thoracisque forma valde distinctus. 

B. Corpus subdepressum, elytris punctis nullis, 
thoracis angulis posticis subobtusis. Tachyta Kirby. 

11. inornatUS. Say. Trans. A. P. S. II.: Dej. Sp. Gen. 
pic ip C S . Kirby. F. B. A. IV. Abundat ubique. 

12. f 1 a V i C a U d U S. Say: Dej. loc. cit. Cum priore inventus 

C. Corpus gracile; thorace minore, postice retrac- 
to, angulis obtusis, elytris ellipticis, elongatis. 

13. SCltlllllS. Flavo-testaccus, capite J us no, elytris striis 2 

prqfundioribus, punctoque impresso, micantibus, fas- 
cia transversa pone medium f us ca. Long. "11. Ha- 
bitat ad Columbiam Pennsylvania?. 
Species pulcherrima. Flavo-testaceus pernitidus, elytris mi- 
cantibus. Caput fuscum, fronte nigro. Antenna, corporis dimi- 
dium longitudine aequantes, fuscaa, basi apiceque pallida?. Tho- 
rax capite sesqui latior, latitudine fere duplo brevior, basi trunca- 
tus.lateribus rotundatis, postice retractis, angulis posticis obtusis, 
non rotundatis : convexus, margine pone medium reflexo ; linea 
longitudinali profunda, antice abbreviata, impressione transversa 
posteriore profunda, medio angulata, basalibus rotundatis. Elytra 
tborace plus sesqui latiora, elongata, antice non angustata, parum 
convexa, stria suturali integra, postice longius recurvata, 2 nda 
postice abbreviata, reliquis fere obsoletis ; puncto majusculo 
pilifero ad interstitium 4 tum ante medium, alteraque prope api- 
cem : stria marginali antice valde abbreviata ; flavo-testacea, 
fascia lata integra pone medium fusca. Subtus rufo-piceus, ano 
pedibusque testaceis. 

14. proximus. Say. Trans. A. P. S. II. Praecedenti affinis. 

Bed thorace piceo, elytris pallidioribus, macula dia- 

Catalogue of the GcodepJiagous Coleoptcra. 

coidali dod fasciifbrrai dignoscendus : elytra obsolete 
striata, stria suturali solum profundiore. Habitat 
ubique minus frequens. 
15, • c o r r u s c u s • Piceus, niti lissimus, caruleo-micaiu, tho- 
rare latitudinc sesqui breviore, postice retracto, basi 
utrinque obhqvo, elytri.s .stria suturali Integra, jainc- 
toque magno impresso, antenndrum basi jnd/busquc 
t< start is. Long. '09. Habitat XovEboraci et ad 
Rocky M luntains. 
Praecedente sesqui minor, piceus, nitidissimus. Antenna' cor- 
iimidium aequantes, basi apiceque testaccis. Thorax 
latitudine sesqui brevior, lateribus rotundatus, postice leviter 
retractus, basi utrinque oblique truncata, medio leviter emargina- 
ta, angulis posticis valde obtusis; disco minus: convexus, linea 
longitudinali profunda, antice abbreviata, impressione transversa 
posteriore valde profunda, medio angulata, basalibus parvis, pro- 
fund Elytra tborace sesqui latiora, elongata, amice leviter 
angustata, dorso subconvexa, stria Buturali profunda, basin non 
attingente, postice longiua recurvata, reliquia obliteratia ; puncto 
magno pilifero ante medium, alteroque prope apicem ; stria mar- 
ginali ad medium, amice abbreviata, punctis 4 ad bumerum. 
/'/ -/< i pallide testacei. 
1<',. *seqiIQ.X. E 'us. piceus, thorace convexo, latitwline 
fere duplo breviore, impressionibue transversis profun- 
di*, linea longitudinali vix distincta, basi utrinque oblu 
' t iii: elytris testaceis, antici leviter angustatis, convex- 
Uuculis, 6b8oh U striatis, stria su/urali pus/ice profunda, 
longius recurvata, punctoque magno impresso, antennis 
libusque testaceu. Long. *1. Habitat a I Rocky 

[ I ■.mil. litis. 

Praecedenti simillimus, Bed tior, el tborace impressione 

apteriore profunda, linea longitudinal] fere nulla, elytrisi 
teal ill ceudus. 

17. ! B «• vug. Say. Trans. A. P. S. II. 

troglodytes* Dej.Sp.Gren. Forma omnino T. cor- 

Catalogue of the Geodepliagous Coleoptera. 473 

rusci, sed quadruplo minor, elytrisque stria suturali 

solam distiucta; disco subtiliter bipunctato. Habitat 


1. *aeiiescens. Elongatus depressus, pallide rufo-piccus, 
thorncc quadrato, angulis posticis leviter obtusis, basi 
Utrinque obliquo, chjtris parallel is, planis, apice trun- 
catis, aneo-micantibi/s, leviter striatis, striis extends 
obliteratis. Long. - 09. .Specimen unicum in Geor- 
gia inventum. 
Elongatus, depressus, pallide rufo-piceus, capite fusco. An- 
tenna testaceas apice fuscae, corporis dimidio longiores, articulo 
3 10 sequenlibus sesqui breviove. Thorax quadratus, latitudine 
sesqui brevior, lateribus leviter rotundatis, postice levissime an- 
gustatus, basi utrinque obliquo, angulis posticis obtusis leviter 
elevatis, non rotundatis; disco convexus ; linea lotigitudinali 
utrinque paulo abbreviata, impressionibus basalibus vix conspi- 
cuis. Elytra tborace sesqui latiora, latitudine triplo longiora, 
plana, fere parallela, antice leviter angustata, apice rotundato- 
truncata; striis. 5 vel 6 modice distinctis, postice vix. profundiori- 
bus, basin vix attingentibus ; stria marginali punctata, late inter- 
rupta. Subtus rufo-piceus, pedibus pallide testaceis. 


Bcmbidium punctato-striatu m . Say. Trans. 
a. p. 

intersectum. Germ. Ins. Nov. 
Peryphus sordidus. Kirby. F. B. A. IV. 

con color. Kirby. ibid. 
N otaphus nigripcs. Kirby. loc. cit. 

inter medius. Kirby. ibid. 

p O S t i c U m . Ilald. Proc. Ac. N. S. I. 303. 

■i'ti Catalogyic of the GeodcpJiagous Colcoptcra. 

] i e j n Bemistriata. Haid. ibid. 

T a c Ii y s fe r r u g i n e u s. Dej. Sp. Gen. (aJ A. \ . §4. per. 

HI i s v 1 1 U S . Fertc- R. Z. 1811. (ad B. pertinet.) 

pil m i 111 S. Dej. Sp. Gen. (ad C. pertinet.) 
n igr i C e p S . Dej. ibid, (vix huju8 generis.) 


In concluding this paper, which has extended far beyond the limits which 
wore originally proposed, the author regrets that some errors and a tew omis- 
sions hare unavoidably occurred. These will be corrected in an Appendix, which 
will also contain descriptions of the new species received through the kindness of 
lus scientific frauds. To Dr. Zimmerman he is indebted for some valuable BUgges- 
bg the Dromii and Cymmdis, which render aeceesary the establish- 
,: ..I some new generic groups. The characters of these will be briefly given in 
Lppi ndix. 
In the preceding paper particular attention has been given to the concordance of 
I Dej« a'sspei ■ , th< names proposed by the former having much tin" 
It is hoped that through the ext< nsive n laliona of exchange existing be- 
tween I I am and foreign societies, the pre-, al essay will he rendered easily 
. ad that b) means "i the synonyms here presented the naturalists of 
Eui particulaiij the French, may be induced to pay some regard to .Mr. 

Bay's publication . ami believe it possible that a species may !»■ described before it 
reaches their collections. If they will admit the possibility of such a supposition, 

i . • ii i -..a., lion may be avoided, and the interests of science greatly advanced. If 

pn i ■ ding < Catalogue be successful in removing any of the confusion which has 
already an i n. and m preventing any future cnors, the fullest expectations of 
tie author will have been realized. 

Description of a New Species of Procellaria, by George N. 
Lawrence. Read Feb. 18<A, 1S47. 


Specific Character. — Bill short; upper tail coverts white; 
above, brownish Mack ; beneath, white; tarsi pale yellow; toes 
yellow, marked with black at the end for two-thirds their length. 

Bill black and stout; sides of the upper mandible, unguis, and 
point of the lower mandible whitish horn color; a narrow band of 
the same color crosses the nasal case at its base. Unguis strong, 
veiy much curved, and acute. The upper mandible has the nos- 
trils on its ridge covered by a very prominent horny sheath, and 
separated by a thin septum ; a deeply grooved line runs its entire 
length immediately below the nostrils; between the unguis and 
nasal case it is deeply indented. The lower mandible has a grooved 
line running through its centre, on each side. 

Forehead white, marked with a few light-brown feathers ; occi- 
put and top of the head, inclnding the eyes, black; cheeks, throat, 
and all the under parts pure white, a few black feathers on the 
sides near the insertion of the tail; hind part of the neck white, 
mixed with cinereous ; upper part of the back ash, which color ex- 
tends on the sides of the upper part of the breast; back brownish 
black ; tail graduated, consisting of twelve feathers, the central, one 
and a half inches longer than the outer, white at the base for one- 
third their length, remainder brownish black ; upper tail coverts 
pure white: lower, white tipped with light ash, and very long, 
reaching to the end of the tail. 

Primary quills black ; secondaries light-brown at the ends, and 
white at the base ; tertials dark-brown ; under wing coverts and 
axillars white. 

Tarsi pale yellow; toes and webs yellow at the base for about 
one-third their length, remainder biack; hind toe wanting, but in 
its place a very acute black spur; tarsi and toes rather slender. 

47G New Species of Proccllaria. 

Dgth 16 inches ; alar extent 39 inches ; wing, from flexure, 12 
inches; tail 5 inches; tarsus 1 1-2 inches ; outer toe 2 inches ; in- 
ner, 1 1-2 inches. Bill along the back to the point 1 1-2 inches; 
5-S inch deep at the base, and nearly the same in breadth; tubu- 
lar sheath 1-4 inch long. 

First primary longest ; secondaries broad and rounded. Plate 

This new species of Petrel was given me by Dr. C. H. Stilwell, 
of Brooklyn, L. I., who obtained it in Florida during the winter of 
last year. From him I received the following communication : 

" This bird was found floating, wounded, in the salt lagoon op- 
posite Indian river inlet, on the eastern coast of Florida, two hun- 
dred and forty miles south of St. John's river. No one of the set- 
tlers could tell the name of it, and I suppose it is an uncommon 
bird in that region, though 1 cannot say particularly, not being ac- 
quainted there much." 

Birds of this genua are usually found in high latitudes, but from 
the difficulty of obtaining them, as they are strictly sea-birds, it is 
probable they are more frequent on our coast than is generally sup- 
posed. At sea they are attracted around the stern of a vessel l>y 
any small Boating substance, and at such times are often taken with 
a line and fish-hook baited with fat. 

In lightness of form, great length of wing, and graduated tail, it 
somewhat resembles the genus Puffiuus ; but the bill is so strongly 
characteristic of the Fulmars, 1 have thought proper to class it 
with them. 

NoTE. — This bird was noticed on the cover of Nos. 8 and !», 
Vol. IV., of the Annals of the N'< w Vork Lyceum, under the spe- 
cific name of Brevirostris ; but that name being pre-occupied by 
mother species described in Lesson's Ornithology, the above one 
is substituted. 

On the distinctive characters of CypRiEA reticulata of Martyn, and 
Cypr.ea histrio of Meuschen. By John H. Redfield. Read 
June 7th, 1S47. 

Probably in no genus of mollusks, are the species better known 
and defined, than in the genus Cypraea, for in none are the specific 
characters more constant and unerring, while the labors of Euro- 
pean conchologists within the last twenty-five years have so greatly 
extended the list of species, that there is perhaps less room here 
for the discovery of new forms, than in any other family. 

"While this is true in the main, it is also certain that there are some 
species of Cypraea, which, though long known to naturalists, are yet 
involved in some uncertainty, and of which it is hard to decide, 
whether they should be regarded as distinct, or as mere varieties 
of a common specific type, so doubtfully close are their affinities. 
It is my aim in this paper to show the distinction between two 
shells of this genus, which are still confounded by European 
authors, even in the latest monographs, though the labors of our 
early and lamented associate, Mr. Barnes, have led most American 
conchologists to avoid the error. I refer to the Cypraa reticulata 
of Martyn, and the C. histrio of Meuschen. Let us examine the 
historic record of these species, and trace their synonomy. 

The earliest figures referrible to either of these species, are those 
of Bonanni, 1681, Lister, 16S8, Rumphius, 1711, Petiver, 1713, 
and Knorr, 1766. These figures are usually quoted indiscrimi- 
nately for C. hisirio and C. reticulata, and from circumstances 
connected with their date, it is probable they all represent the same 
species ; but with the exception of Lister and Knorr, they are so 
rudely executed, that it is impossible to decide whether they belong 
to the histrio of Meuschen, or the reticulata of Martyn. The figures 
of Lister and Knorr, are tolerable representations of what I view 
to be the true C. histrio. 

In 1784, appeared Martyn's Universal Conchology, where we 

47S Ci/prcta reticulata and Cjtp'eea hlstrio distinct. 

find a shell figured under the name of Cyprata reticulata, differing 
in many respects from that afterwards known as C. /tistrio. Upper 
ami lower views of llie shell are given, and the black spot which 
characterizes this species is evident, though not conspicuous. 
Martyn cpiotes none of the earlier figures, hut he must have been 
acquainted at least with that of Lister; from which I think we may 
just'y infer, that he considered his own reticulata to he distinct 
from Lister's shell. The habitat which Martyn assigns to li is shell 
— Friendly Islands — is worthy of note. 

In 17S7. Meuschen, in the Museum Geversianum, mentions for 

■ first lime Cyprata hisirio, by that name. I have not had an 
opportunity to consult that work, and cannot therefore decide 
whether his shell be identical with the one since known under that 
nune, nor whether authors are correct in assigning it precedence 
over the C. arlcqnina of Chemnitz, published ill the following year. 
For the present, I must assume that their judgment is correct. 

In 178S appealed the 10th volume of Chemnitz's continuation 
of Martini's Conchylien-Cabinet, where we find, under the name 
of ('. arlequina, two very good figures of what I regard as the true 
C hittrio. In his descriptive text, Chemnitz quotes the figures of 
Lister, Knorr, and Martyn for his ('. arlequina. This latter refer- 
ence seems to h ive been the first source of the inaccuracy which 
has since prevailed; and yel Borne remarks at the close of his 
cription show that the peculiar characteristics of Martyn's shell 
had ii • i iped his practised eye, but that he consult red it a 
remarkable variety ol his own ('. arlequina. 

Such were the materials which existed at the time when Gmelin 

< , mini tired, iii 17^ s , the publication of his edition of the Systema 

' ira of Linnaeus, of which edition it may !>e doubted, whether 

it lias not been of more hindrance than benefit to the cause of 

science, bo numerous are its blunders, and bo unpardonable the 

Car of its Compiler. I shall quote all he says in relation to 

the ip< ' efore us. On page 3403, we find — 

" Cyprea hittrio. C lestd ovat6 l iiibturbinat& l iublivido ocellal l,aubtus 

plan! Intern mcrassula, ulra fusco lliuoulaln, linen donali 
lividA, fuuee woluceii. 

Cyprcea reticulata and Cypraa histrio distinct. 

Chemn. Conch. 10, p. 110, t. 145, f. 1346, 1347. 
Lister, Conch, t. 659, f 3 a. 
Knorr, Vergn. 2, t. 16, f. 1. 
Martyn, Conch, t. 15. 
Habitat in mari Indico." 

We may notice in passing, that with liis accustomed inconsist- 
ency, Gmeliti had already quoted this same figure of Lister (G59, 
3 a,) for his C. arabica, 

On page 3420, we have 

" C. reticulata. C. testa reticulata, margine maculatis virgatis v <. 

Kuniphins. Mus. t. 3% f. u. 
Habitat ." 

Here Chemnitz's unfortunate reference to Martyn's figure is 
repeated, and suhsequeut authors have been led to view Martyn's 
and Chemnitz's shells as identical, an inference which Gmelin's 
brief description might confirm, since it may apply to both shells, 
and with the exception of the "subtus a/l/a," would perhaps suit 
the reticulata better than the histrio. But as if he had not already 
sufficiently perplexed the subject, he gives us, on p< 3420, a 
C reticulata of his own, for which he does not quote Marty n, 
but a figure of Rumphius. This he accompanies with a descrip- 
tion so brief as to be useless. This figure of Rumphius is 
ambiguous, as we have seen, but has been quoted by authors, and 
perhaps rightly, for C. histrio. What wonder that subsequent 
Writers, trusting too implicitly to the labors of their predecessors, 
and perhaps destitute of good and characteristic specimens of the 
two species, should conclude that the C. reticulata could have ho 
arate existence ! 

Shortly after the appearance of Gmelin's work, the publication 
of the French Encyclopedic Methodique was commenced. Its 
progress was, however, much delayed, and the plates to the genus 
Cvproeadid not appear until the year 1916; while the text of the 
same bears the date of L832, sixteen years later. On plate 351 j 
we find a very good figure of the true C. histrio ; but on referring 
to the description of that species in the text, we find that it is not 
applicable to the figure, but is evidently founded on a specimen 

4^0 Cypraa reticulata and Cypraa histrio distinct 

of C. ticuhUa, Thus Gmelin's error was again duplicated, and 
in such a manner as to increase the confusion he had introduced ; 
so that it was not at all strange that Dillwyn, in his excellent and 
generally accurate Descriptive Catalogue, published in 1S17, 
should follow in the same track. 

Lamarck, in the 7th Vol. of his Animaux sans Vertebres, 1S22, 
d( i he C. histrio, hut, unlike his predecessors, he does not 

quote the figure of Martyn for it. Why this omission] He was 
acquainted with Martyn's work, for he quotes it frequently else- 
where. Did he doubt the identity of Martyn's shell with the 
histrio.' We have no positive evidence on this point, but his 
description, short as it is, applies very well to the true histrio. 

In March, 1S24, Mr. Gray commenced the publication of his 
Monograph on the Cypraeidee, in the Zoological Journal. In this 
paper he degrades both C. histrio and reticulata from the rank of 
species, and makes them a variety of C. arabica. Of this species 
he enumerates four varieties, viz : 

a. arabica : The typical form. 

L. intermedia : A form which I think to be the same as 
Kiciirr's pi, 1. f. '.'>, and to which I shall 
again refer. 
c. histrio: In this he includes both Martyn's and Chem- 
nitz's shells. 
<]. defressa : This seems to be founded on the figure in 
the Enc. Meth., which in my view is a histrio. 
li : not a little strange that Mr. Gray should have been led to 
unite two i widely dill. Tent as the typical C. arabica and 

the C. histrio; and with only one exception, as I believe, later 
authors have rejected bis views. 

■ Vtr.Gray's Monograph was commenced, and before 

it was known in this country, our associate, Mr. Barnes, read be- 

e ilii 5 is d jcription of the C. maculata, which will be 

found in the Annals of the Lyceum, Vol. I., p. L32. Mr. Barnes 

ably not acquainted with the work of Martyn, which at 

that time wa hardly known in this country. In a later number of 

Cypraa reticulata and Cypraa histrio dhtinet. 481 

the Zoological Journal Mr. Gray pronounced Mr. Barnes' species 
to be one of his varieties of C. arabica, whereupon Mr. Barnes 
published a second notice of the C. maculata in the same volume 
of the Annals, in which he shows most conclusively that his species 
cannot be united with the arabica. The object of this second no- 
tice being simply to reply to Mr. Gray's opinion, it appears not to 
have occurred to Mr. Barnes that there was the least occasion to 
point out the differences between his species and the true histrio, 
with which he must have been acquainted. That Mr. Barnes' shell 
is identical with that of Martyn's, I think there can be no doubt ;* 
and while we regret that the former must lose the name, from want 
of priority, we can claim for him the merit of independently point- 
ing out the distinctive characters of a shell, which no author, since 
the days of Martyn, has distinctly recognized. 

A Monograph of this genus appeared in 1S30, in Sowerby's 
Conchological Illustrations. In this we find two figures applica- 
ble to the species under discussion. Fig. 80, called in his index C. 
histrio, seems to represent the C. reticulata, although the ventral 
spot of that species is but faintly indicated. Fig. 166, which he 
calls C. reticulata, is perhaps a dwarf variety of that species, and 
will be again referred to. In a Catalogue subjoined to this Mon- 
ograph, he refers both these figures to C. arabica, thus follow- 
ing the example of Gray. But he remarks of the C. arabica, 
" This seems a variable species ; the C. histrio and C. reticulata 
may possibly prove distinct. I have never seen the C. maculata 
of Barnes, but if permitted to form my judgment from his figure, I 
should say it was perfectly distinct." Sowerby has here come 
nearer the truth than any other monographer. 

* Mr. Barnes in his notice states that the C. maculata is never reticulated, and 
it may he thought that this statement is inconsistent with the idea that his shell is 
identical with C. reticulata. But it must be remembered that Mr. Barnes was 
contrasting his shell with the arabica, which is eminently reticulated. The 
groundwork of both reticulata and histrio, may in one sense be considered as a re- 
ticulation, embracing the ocellated spots. Martyn's name was not very appropri- 
ate, and were it not for the propriety of a rigid adherence to the law of priority, 
we should prefer the name applied by Mr. Barnes. 

( ' raa reticulata and Cypraa Jiistrio distend. 

W nro in Index Testaceologicns, pi. 16, f. 1, which lie 

mils C. Itittfio, represents only the back of the shell, and it is diffi- 

i to decide to which species it should he referred ; hut in form 
it i • to the ('. reticulata than to Jiistrio. 

rviener'a splendidly illustrated Monograph, which appeared in 
1843, gives a beautiful figure of the true reticulata, but Ik 1 terms 
it Jiistrio, while he figures the true Jiistrio under the title of variety 
of C. arabica. 

Deshayes, in his late edition of Lamarck's Animaux pans Ver- 
i. lues, also commits the same error, by adding Martyn's figure to 
Lamarck's quotations, and by asserting the identity of the two spe- 

- in a note. 

Reeve, in his Conchologia Tconica, the latest authority on this 

nus, figures the true reticulata, and under its proper name, but 
( '. Jiistrio as a synonym, showing that he also considered them 

[Tavinc thus shown the origin of the confusion which has existed 
in regard to these Bpecies, and having traced the continuance of 
the error, I propose the following corrected synonomy and detailed 
description for each, preparatory to pointing out their distinctive 

■ . i:r.\ Reticulata. Martyn, PI. XVI. P. 1. 

('. testd ovata, super convexa, castanea, albidb ocellata, linefi dor- 
Bali subcentrali, Bubsinuosa ; lateril us albido-lividis, aut plumbeis, 
incrassatis, nigro maculatis : basi subplana-, albido-livida, labio sin- 

Utro macul.'i hilt. i magna notato j rima suhcurva, dentibus casta- 
neis, exttis Bubproductis. 


' ,prira reticulata. Marlyn, 1781. I 'nivrrsal ConchologV, pi. 1 .".. 

C arl C lemnitz, 1 788. Com-h. Cab. VoL X.. p. 112. 

C. Mttrio, pat . Gmelin, 178'J. 15th edition of Bystema Nature, 

p. 3 103. 
C " ticulata. do. do. do. 

p 3 
toono, pan DUlwyn, 1817. Descriptive Catalogue, Vol. I., p. -139, 

No. l 

Cyprcca reticulata and Cypraa histrio distinct. 4S3 

C. arabica, var. histrio, pars. Gray, March, 1824. Monog. in Zoologi- 
cal Journal, Vol. I., p. 77. 

G. mnculatn. Barnes, April. 1824. Annals of Lye. Nat. Hist., Vol. I., 
pp. 132, 385, pi. 9, f. 1. 

C. arabica, var. Sowerbv, 1830. Conchological Illustrations, f. 80. 

C. histrio. Deshayes, 1832. Enc. Meth. Vera., t. 3, p. 817, No. 8. 
(fig. excl.) 

C. histrio. Kiencr, 1843. Iconographie des Coqnillcs Vivantcs, Gen. 
Cyprn-a, p. 104, tab. 18, f 1. 

C. histrio, pars. Deshayes, L844. Ed. Lamarck's Anim. sans Verte- 
bres, Vol. 10, p. 49G. 

C. reticulata. Reeve, (syn. excl.) 1846. Conchologia Iconica, Genus 
Cypnca, pi. 1, f. 3. 

Description. — Shell ovate, very convex, and sometimes subgib- 
bous above, flattened beneath; sides strongly thickened; spire 
apparent. The color above is a deep chesnnt-brown, everywhere 
sprinkled with round whitish or yellowish spots, usually isolated, 
but sometimes confluent. Beside tbese spots, the groundwork of 
the coloring is broken in upon by occasional minuter white spots 
and longitudinal lines, irregularly diffused. Dorsal line nearly cen- 
tral, somewhat irregular, and undulating. The sides are whitish, 
passing into bluish gray, and thickly covered with intensely brown 
or black spots, which are often transversely extended. A large 
spot of this character always appears upon each side of the ante- 
rior and posterior emarginations. Color beneath whitish, slightly 
clouded with brown, with a dark-brown or black spot on the cen- 
tre of the left lip. This spot may be more or less obscured by a 
subsequent deposite of enamel, but is always apparent. The aper- 
ture is slightly curved, the columellar lip flattened within, and 
deeply hollowed toward the lower or anterior end. Teeth usually 
about 25 in number on each side, but varying from 20 to 30; well 
defined, chesnut-brown, which color extends outwardly beyond the 
real extent of the teeth, particularly near the centre of the left mar- 
gin, where they seem to extend nearly to the dark spot mentioned 

Length 2.9 inche3. Breadth 2.0. Height l.G. 

Haiutat. — 1 am not in possession of sufficient facts to determine 
the geographical limits of this species, but so far as I know it is 

1-1 . reticulata and Cypraa histiio distinct. 

confined t<> the tropical regions of the Pacific Ocean. Great num'' 
her.- of them are brought from ihe Polynesian Islands, by Ameri- 
can whaling vessels. Martyn's specimens were from the Friendly 

' -i ri: : \ BISTRIO. Mcusclicn. PL XVI. Pijr. 2. 
C. testd "vat.i, ad extremitates suhattenuata, super cenvexav 
interdum turgida, Castanet, ocellis albidis rotundatis aut polygo- 
nis; macula oigr&juxta spiram: Iinea dorsali recta, propriore la- 
terem sinistrum; lateribus albido-fulvis, nigro sparsim maeulatis; 
basi subconvexa, albido-fulva aut violascente; rima subrecta, den-- 
tihus caataneis, extus non productis. 

- v \onomy.» 

I.istcr, 1688. Hist. Conch., t. 659i f. 3, a. 
Kuorr, 17G6. Vergnugen, 2. t. 16, f. 1. 
Cypraa hittrio. Meuscben, 17-7. Museum Geveisiannm, p. -104. 
C.orlequina. Chemnitz, 1788. Conch. Cab. 10. p. 110, tab. 145, f. 

1346, 1347. 
( '. hittrio, pars. Gmelin, 1789. 13th ca of Syst< ma Nature, p. 3403. 

hittrio. lira I M^thodique, pi. 351, f. 1, a. b, 

I I'llujn, 1817. DeeoripUve C te, Vol. I., p. 439, 

' hittrio. Lai '.-..' \ maux sans Vertebras, Vol. VII, p. 379> 

('. arabica, nt. hiti Gray, 1824. Monog. in Zoological Jour • 

ual, \ oL I . p. 77. 
arabica, \ ar. do. Jo. do. 

Veil. }.. p. 7 7. 
(' hittrio. Quoy \ Gaimard, 1833. Voyage de I'Astnlabe, t.3, p. 
30, pL 17, f. 10, 11, with animal. 
C. arabica, w. Kiener, 1843. [conograpbie des Coquillea Vivantcs, 
G( mi- Cj i.Tiia, |i. 10G, pi. 17, f. 2. 

• The i I oni, Rumphius, Pi 1 1 % • r. and Wood, are bo ambiguous, thai 

1 bi ■ best i" "mil all i. to them. The figure in the Voyage of 

Astrolabe, I also quote with some doubt, since il represents the shall nearly 
li> the folds "i the mantle. The small portion of the hack <>f the shell 
which is visible, in rmi sufficient to enable on to refer it with certainty to the 
/nth. n. in thii connection, I am bappj to acknowledge mj obligations to Da 
Jaw C.J •: I-' s, for the means which his <\iins,\'' mndiologirul lihran !. 

• f the (■ynonoiny gixni in rhi- j >.i j>«r. 

Cyprcca reticulata and Cypraa Jtistrio distinct. 4S5 

C. kistrio, pars. Deshayes, 1844. Edit. Lamarck's Anim. sans Vert, 
Vol. X., p.4%". 

Description. — Shell ovate, slightly attenuated at the extremi- 
ties, very convex above, slightly so beneath ; sides moderately 
thickened; spire apparent. The color above is chesnut-brown, 
and there are transverse bands perceptible where the color is deep- 
er than in the intermediate spaces. Back covered with whitish 
spots, which are round or polygonal, and occasionally confluent. 
The chesnut ground- work is also interrupted, or mottled, to a greater 
degree than in the former species, by irregular, smaller white spots 
or lines. A black stain usually apparent to the left of, and just 
behind the spire. Dorsal line nearer the left margin, almost straight, 
^ides whitish, sometimes passing into flesh-color, or with a slight 
tinge of peach-blossom, sprinkled witli black spots, which are 
sometimes transversely extended. These spots also appear on- 
each side of the posterior and anterior emarginations, as in the for- 
mer species, but are not to be confounded with the blotch or stain 
just mentioned as existing near the spire. Color beneath, the same 
as the sides, with ro trace of the labial spot found in the preceding 
species. Aperture less curved than in the C. reticulata; columel- 
lar lip same as in that. Teeth chesnut-browh, well defined, but 
not extending upon the ventral face; usually about 2S on each 
side, but varying from :!■'> to 32. 

Length, 2.6 inches. Breadth, 1.5. Height, 1.3. 

Habitat. Gmelin and other early writers assign the Indian 
Ocean as the locality of this species. The specimens brought to 
this country usually come from that ocean, and 1 am not aware that 
it occurs eastward of Australia. 

The preceding descriptions are founded, of course, on the full- 
sized adult shell. In the young state, the shells present fewer dif- 
ferences, and arc difficult to distinguish from the young of the C. 
atabica. I have found, however, that the peculiar ventral spot of 
the C. reticulata becomes apparent at a very early period, Ion"- 
before the exterior coat of enamel is perfected. 

That the two shells described above present striking resem- 
blances, in the general character of their marking, cannot be denied; 

Ci/praa reticulata and Cypriva histrio distinct. 

but thai they also present differences equally striking and constant, 
must, 1 think, be acknowledged. These differences extend to the 
neral form, to the shape of the aperture, as well as to the marking. 
In form the C. reticulata is much broader, more thickened at the 
sid< attenuated at the extremities, and less convex beneath 

than the ('. histrio. In some specimens of the former, the sides 
are bo much thickened as to give the shell very much the form of 
the C. Mauritiana or C. caput-serpentis. This excessive thicken- 
ing never takes place in the histrio, which in form is nearer the C. 
mappa than to the species just named. The aperture of the histrio 
is less curved than in the reticulata, while in the latter the teeth ex- 
tend farther on the ventral face of the shell than in the former. I 
have not found the number of teeth to be a very reliable character 
in this genus, adult specimens of small size having fewer teeth than 
larger specimens of the same degree of maturity. I do not, there- 
fore, use this as a distinctive character in the present case ; though 
in the specimens I have examined, 1 have found the number of 
th in the histrio to average higher than in the reticulata, 
1 n the maj kings of the i wo species we find the following constant 
distinctions, The whitish spots on the back of the C. reticulata 
usually more distant and isolated, and less inclined to be poly- 
gonal than is the C. histrio, and the chesnut groundwork which 
separates them is less interrupted or mottled with minuter white 
spots or lines. The dorsal line is nearly central, and more or le 
irregular and undulating in the reticulata, while it is straight, and 
much nearer the left side of the shell when placed back upwards, 
in the histrio. In the; latter, there is usually a black slain at the 
left ol' the Spire, and though 1 have seen specimens of the histrio 

in which this was not apparent, 1 have never seen a reticulata 
which shewed it. On the other hand, the ventral blotch of the 
reticulata, which in thai is always more or less visible, (unless that 
be an exception which I shall soon mention,) is never seen in the 
('. histrio. In the latter, the dark spots on the sides are usually 
less frequent and smaller than in the former, and the under side of 
a lighter color, more incline, I to flesh-color, or peach* 
bloom. It may also be remarked, that in the histrio, the dark 
ads which are found in the earlii rata rowth, are 

Cyprcra reticulata and Cypr&a histrio distinct. 487 

perceptible in the adult shell beneath the richly painted enamel which 
is last deposited. In the reticulata, this peculiarity is seldom seen. 

On reviewing these distinctive characters, I think we may justly 
conclude, that the Cypraa vitcllus and melanostoma, the C. lurida 
and pulclra, the C. cervus and exanthema, the C. talpa and exusta, 
or the C. mus and leucostoma, are not more distinct each from the 
other, than are the two species we have been considering, and that 
if authors will unite the latter, it. will be difficult to find justifiable 
ground for separating the former. 

The fact that the two species in question occupy distinct geo- 
graphical fields, seems to confirm the views which I have here 
expressed. It will also account for the acquaintance of the earlier 
European naturalists with the one species, and their silence in 
regard to the other. The distant commerce of Europe, during the 
seventeenth and earlier part of the eighteenth century, was mainly 
with the East Indies, by way of the cape of Good Hope ; hence 
the C. histrio of the Indian Ocean seems to have been well known 
as early as 16S8, and perhaps 1GS1. On the other hand, the com- 
merce and whale fisheries of the Pacific, which have now become 
so extended and important, had then hardly an existence. Accord- 
ingly, with a single exception, the C. reticulata appears to have 
been almost unknown until the present century. Martyn, who almos 
alone of the writers of the last century knew the shell, received it 
as has been mentioned, from the Friendly Islands. The date of his 
work (1784) renders it not an unlikely supposition, that his shell 
was brought home by the third expedition of Cook, who touched 
at those islands in 1777.* 

* The following quotation from the close of Chemnitz's description of his C 
arlequina, not only seems to confirm thrse views, but shows how accurately lie 
had discriminated between the shells in question. After stating that the C. arle- 
(jnina inhabits the seas of the East Indies, particularly the shores of St. Maurice, 
(Mauritius?) lie says — "Among the South Sea shells which have been communi- 
cated to us from Cook's voyages, there is also an excellent harlequin. On the 
upper surface I notice more regular rings, and a darker enclosure of the eyes and 
spots. On the side margins are several blackish brown drops and spots, with which 
even a great portion of the under s'urface is tigered, as it were. Each lip has only 
22 teeth, which are of a blackish brown color. This shell was found on the shore 
of Otaheite." 

Cgpi licula ',2 and Cypraa Itistrio distinct. 

I have purposely left to the close of this paper some remarks 
oil a shell which Beems to hare attracted the attention of Dearly all 

the writers <>u thi< genus, and which they have generally consid- 

! as a variety of C. arabica. The shell 1 refer to is that figured 

by rliener, in his pi. 1, fig. '!. by this tiile, and is represented on 

our PI. xvi. fig. 3. The following references seem to indicate the 


C, arabica rur 0. Crwlin, 13th edit Syst. Naturae, p. 3398. 

Enc. M6thod. pi. 352, f. 5. 
('. ar&hjca rar. Lamarck. Hist. Anini s;ms Vertebras. Vol. 7, p. 378. 

(Jo. var. intermedia, Gray- Monog. Cypreidae, Zool. Jour. I. p. 77. 

do. rar. Sowcrby. Conchological Illustrations, f. 1GG. 

I have at times been strongly inclined to view this as a distinct 
species, but its character is so ambiguous, that I am not prepared 
in maintain it as such. It. approaches, however, much nearer to 
the C. reticulata, than lo the C. arabica, and it* it be retained as 
a variety, it must be transferred to the former species. In- 

d, it seem- to differ from the typical C. reticulata, only in» 
being of a much smaller size, more thickened at the sides, and 
f the ventral blotch of that species. Notwithstanding 

this la! tic, it can never be confounded with the C. 

lUttrio. The teeth are fewer in number than in the typical reticu- 
lata, but this, as 1 have remarked, may be owing to its diminished 

More accurate knowledge of the animal) of its locality and 
habits, will no doubt lead to a just determination of its claims to 
the rank of a species. Should it prove specifically distinct, the 
name proposed by Gray for it. as B variety would be extremely 
appropriate, viz., Cypraa intermedia. 

Description of a New Species <?/" Woodpecker, by William L. 
Jones, M. D., Read 13t/i March, 1S47. 

Picus Le Contei $ Supra nigra ot albo varicgatus, parte ante- 
riore colli, lateribus, et pectore pallidecinereo-fuseis ; fascia lata 
rubra ocripitali, mnculaque magna sordide-alba in regione supra 
scapulari : mento et ventre Bubal bis. Pedibua tridactylis, rostro 
corapresso. Hab. in Georgia. Lon. ~> r °, poll. — Plate XVIII. 

Description. — Bill at base as hi<„ r h as it is broad, compressed 
toward the point, slender and terminating rather abruptly. Ridge 
of upper mandible slightly curved. Length from gnpe ' % of an 
inch — nostrils concealed by bristly feathers. Tarsus feathered at 
its upper part — compressed, shorter than the third toe with its 
claw length T l s of an inch. First toe wanting — fourth longest, 
versatile. Fourth quill-feather longest, third shorter than the 
fifth and longer than the sixth ; second shorter than the eighth 
and longer than the ninth. Feathers of the back and under parts 
loose and blended. Ten feathers in the tail which are rather nar- 
row and somewhat pointed. Length 5 -^ inches, alar extent 11 
inches, wing from flexure 3 T 7 T inches. 

Color. — Crown black, nasal feathers dirty white ; a broad 
white line passes from the base of the upper mandible over the eye 
and terminates in a broad, red occipital band ; beneath this a black 
line passing through the eye, meeting on the occiput and extend- 
ing down the neck ; beneath this another white line which expands 
into a broad patch upon the supra-scapular region — beneath this 
a narrow line of black extending to the scapula. Flexure of wing, 
scapulars and upper-tail coverts black. First and secondary wing 
coverts black with spots neai their tips; quills black, barred with 
white. Two middle-tail feathers black, the next pair with a little 
white on their outer webs — the third pair with a large patch of 
white on its outer web, extending into the innei tear the tip. Two 
outer pairs dirty white with two <r three black bars. Lower tail 
coverts white, spotted with black — throat and vent dirty white; 

490 Description of a New Species of Woodpecker. 

fore-part of neck, breast, sides and under wing coverts pale-cinere- 

From Swainson's description of his P. meridionals, it must re- 
semble this bird very closely, differing chiefly in the number of 
toes and relative length of quills. This differs from the P. pubes- 
cus in the color of its under parts — in being smaller and having a 
less conical bill. In their wonderful fondness for numerous genera 
and sub-genera, many modern Ornithologists would no doubt place 
this species in some one of the subdivisions of this class of birds. 
But until some more natural and scientific basis of classification is 
discovered, I prefer to place it in the genus Picus of Linnaeus. — 
The specimen from which this description is taken was shot in 
Liberty County, Georgia, on the 14th of April, 1847. Its habits 
appeared to be similar to those of the " pubesceus." There is no 
rudiment of the first toe, but this may possibly be the result of an 
arrest of development. Farther specimens will be necessary to 
establish the species perfectly. I have named it "Lecontei," in 
honor of my friend Joseph Le Conte, M. D., of Georgia — a young 
naturalist of great zeal and ability, and who is particularly devoted 
to tlie science of Ornithology. For the beautiful drawing which 
accompanys this description, I am indebted to my friend Mr. Geo. 
N. Lawrence, well known to Naturalists for his valuable contribu- 
tions to the science. 

Descriptions of New Species of Bullia and Marginella, with 
Notes upon G. B. Sowerby, Jr's. Monograph of the latter 
genus, hij John H. Redfield. Read May 22J, 1S18. 

1. BULLIA plicata. Plate XVII., Fig. 1. 

Testa elongato-turrila, albido-Iutescente : anfractibus septem planatis, superne 
crenulato plicatis, inferne callosis ; columella excavata, subsinuata, callosa ; labro 
tenui ; apertura tevi, castanea, anticn late emarginata. 

Description. — Shell elongate, turreted, yellowish white, tinged 
on the back with brownish yellow. Whorls seven, flattened, cre- 
nately plicated beneath the sutures. The upper whorls are cov- 
ered with a callosity extending from their base over about three 
fourths of their height, leaving only the sutural plications exposed. 
This callosity follows the turns of the shell, until it reaches the 
commencement of the last whorl, where it loses itself upon the 
columellar lip. Columella excavated, slightly twisted, white. — 
Three or four prominent striae emerge from beneath the columel- 
lar callosity in a line with the termination of the suture, and con- 
tinue to the basal or anterior portion of the right lip. Below these 
striae is an area covered with fine incremental striae concentric to 
the basal notch, which is broad, and rather deep. Right lip thin. 
Aperture smooth, colored with chesnut-brown toward its upper 

Length 3.1 inches (79 millimetres.) Breadth 1.7 inches (43 mil- 
limetres.) Spiral divergence 30°. 

Habitat. — Not precisely known, but from the fact that it was 
found in company with Monoceros lugubre Sow. and other shells in- 
habiting the East Pacific, it i3 probable that it was brought from 
California or Central America. 

Remarks. — This is the largest species of Bullia yet known, 
though not so ponderous as B. gradata (Desh.) Reeve. It can- 
not be confounded with any of the species described in Reeve's 
Monograph of that genus. 

' - Dcscriptio7is of New Species of Bullia and MarglncUa. 

2. MARGINELLA Chrysomclina. Plate XVII., Fig. 2. 

Testa ovali, nitida, alba ; maculis subquadratis fill vis scxfasciata ; fasciis inter- 
niediis niveis : ?pira retusa, obtecta ; apertura angusta, anticc valdc cmarginata • 
labro inlus erenulato, extus albo, varicoso ; columella 6 aut 7 plicata, plicis supe- 
rioribus obscuris ; plica penultima tumid a, bifida , exterius producta. 

Description. — Shell oval, polished, whitish, crossed hy six rows 
of quadrangular or roundish yellowish spots; between each of 
these rows is a narrow band of pure white. Spire retuse, concealed 
by a copious deposite of callus : Right lip toothed within, broadly 
reflected externally, white. Columella with six or seven folds. — 
The last but one, is much broader and stouter than the rest, bifid, 
and extends outwardly nearly to the basal notch which is very deep. 

Length 0.23 inches (6 millimetres.) Breadth 0.14 inches (3£ 

Habitat. — West Indies 1 

Remarks. — An elegant little shell belonging to the group of 
which J\F. tesselata, multiUneata, interrup'a and obesa form a part, 
and closely allied to the first. It differs from that in its much more 
diminutive size, more delicate Btyle of coloring, and the»wider sepa- 
ration of the ti sselated hands. The right lip is more strongly re- 
;<(! and devoid of the chesnut color exhibited in the M. tesse- 
lata. The specimens on which this description is founded were 
kindly furnished me by Professor C. B. Adams, of Amherst Col- 
lege, Massachusetts. 

3. MARGINELLA. Philippinarum. Plate XVII., Fig. 3. 

Marginclla avena, Sow. jr., (not Kiener) Thesaurus Conchyliorum, Vol. i. p. 391, 

Plate 76, Fig. 130. 

Testa elongato-ovata, cylindracea, nitida, sabdiaphana, flavida, rufo pallidc tri- 
fasciat.'i ; spira brcvi, obtusa ; anfraelibus quatuor, vix perspicuis: labro albo, propo 
medium <"ii-tricto, extus subvaricoso, aurantio subtincto: plicis quatuor, duabus 
antcrioribus obliijais, in imam convergentibus. 

Inscription. — Shell oblong-ovate, cylindric, polished, some- 
what diaphanous, yellowish white, crossed by three hands of a 
darker color. Spire short, with about four whorls. Suture incon- 

Descriptions of IS etc Sj cries of Bullia and Margindla. 493 

spicuous. Right lip smooth, white, constricted about midway, ex- 
ternally slightly reflected, and faintly tinged with orange. Columel- 
2ar folds four, all oblique, the lower two the most so, and converging 
into one at their anterior termination. 

Length 0.6 inches (15 millimetres). Breadth 0.23 inches (7 

Habitat. — Philippine Islands. 

Remarks. — This species is very closely related to the M. avena 
Valenc, and may be regarded as the eastern analogue of that spe- 
cies. It however attains alargersize, its spire is shorter and more 
obtuse, and its right lip is more inflected, and more thickened ex- 
ternally. G. B. Sowerby, jr., in his recent monograph has well 
discriminated between the two species; but is, I think, decidedly 
wrong in applying the name arena to the eastern species, and in 
describing the West India species as new under the title of M- 
varia. By reference to Kiener's original figure and description of 
M. arena, (so named in MSS. by Valenciennes,) it will be seen to 
better represent the shell called M. varia by Sowerby than the 
one under discussion, while the habitat is there explicitly stated to 
be "the seas of the West Indies." If this be so, Sowerby's M 
varia must reassume the name of M. avena, justifying us in apply- 
ing anew title to the species above described. 

The recent monograph of the genus Marginella by Gr. B. Sow- 
erby, jr., in the Thesaurus Conchyliorum, is a most valuable con- 
tribution to our knowledge of this genus. The number of species 
known to Lamarck of the genera Marginella and Volvaria, (now 
generally united) was 29, which in the edition by Deshayes are in- 
creased to 44. Kiener's monograph, including the supplement, 
enumerates 5G species. The Thesaurus, while it excludes several 
species now referred to the genus Erato, describes and figures 108 
species, of which 13 now appear for the first time. In general, the 
figures are characteristic, and the species well defined. It may not 
be amiss, however, to point out what seem to be a few errors in 
the determinations and synonomy of the work referred to. 

riftimu f JMHm mud MargimeBm. 

. i. ::,. Pig. 155, referred to und 
I inuih from the typical form. 
distinct spi ci< b, and have little 
•]. .1/. H ol ( iouthouy, figured and do- 

Vq\. 1. Ii i> the same shell which 
is denominated .V. unicolor, Lister. — 
n by Kiener as a synonytne <>f M.mrta. 
. but '.ihc i.. Lister'* work i; will be found that he 

i io named ai ies of MargineMa. 

■ tabliahed rules of nomenclature require Gnaelin's namo 
:.. he | .1 to Lamark's ccendescens. Mr. Sowerby 

i mer as a sj oonyme. 
\.. ; \l elegant, GrmeL [cannot agree with Mr. Sowerbj 
;n tin propriety of uniting If. elegant, final., and M. undulatm, 
ion, The differences in .-;/>• ami marking, conjoined with the 
• on< Ii is -i\ and tin- other but live plaits, seem to justify 
thora in separating them. 
No. 51. W tsanoidalu, Kiener. [f this he really identical with 
ftl. , Menko — as 1 have supposed, and as Mr. Sowerbj 

mei • liould take precedence, having hen an 

3 , '. ,s . and l nil mtiii i.. i epre 
which is certainly closely allied to M. 
prove identical, though I am still of opinion thai 

M.f/i i'i,i. Lam. Sowerby's shell cannot he the .1/ 

ei if the figures of both authors are faithful. 
>,' Hutu, S wainson. The name guttata had been ap 
■ Dillwyn in 1811 i<> tin- shell afterwards known as M' 
I. ■ name will not therefore stand, and 

ill back "'I Kiener'i title M. tnaeulota, 
■ ' »w. This is identical with 2bf. obet* nobis, 

d and liirurcd in this Journal in March, L846, while Mr. 

i ription wai not publi bed until the close of the 

'/ W. This name being ('I e oi envied as ahi'Vc 

snolhci name. 1 would propose M. />i/ru- 

Descriptions of New Species of Bullia and Marginella. 495 

No. 90. M. longivaricosa,\jdim. Dillwyn's name, M. guttata, takes 
precedence, as already mentioned. 

No. 92. M. carnea, Storer. Sovverby should have made his fig. 
103, the type of this species and not the variety. (See Storer's 
figure and description in Bost. Jour. Nat. Hist., Vol. 1.) I doubt 
whether the figures he has quoted as typical really belong to this 
species. They seem more nearly related to M. guttata Dill wyn, but 
may prove distinct from either. 

No. 97. M. persicula, (Lin.) Lam. Mr. Sovverby judiciously re- 
unites to this species the M. avellana, Lam., which differs only in 
the smaller size and greater number of its spots, an unsafe char- 
acter in this genus. 

No. 98. M.lineata, Lam. Named cingulata by Dillwyn in 1817, 
who should be followed. 

Observations on the Quantity op Rain at Different Heights, 
Mead July, 21th, 1846, by O. W. Morris. 

Observations on the quantity of rain that falls at different 
heights have been made in France and England ; the results of 
which have been published at various times, and the Regents of 
the University of this State have recommended that similar obser- 
vations should be made by the literary institutions under their care : 
such may have been made, but they have not been published, or 
have not come under our observation, although it is very desirable 
that they should be made known, for they may serve still farther 
to unravel many of the mysterious laws of the Creator, and to make 
his wisdom and goodness more conspicuous, in making use ol 
means to bring about a desirable result. 

A little more than a year since observations were commenced 
at the institution for the deaf and dumb, and two gages fixed at 
different heights — one about five feet from the ground and the 
other oil the top of the institution, about eighty fei t above the first ; 
and the quantity of rain and melted snow that has fallen has been 
carefully noted, and the result has been, that much more has been 
collected in the lower gage, than in the upper; thus corresponding 
in some degree with the results obtained in Europe. The gages 
used were the conical gages, first made by Simeon De Witt, Esq., 
former Surveyor General, and recommended by the Regents of 
the University. 

The reasons of this difference are not so easily accounted for, as 
in the warm seasons, the temperature is greater near the surface 
of the ground, than at 30, 40, or more feet above it. But may it 
n<4 lie the case, that this in itself, is a very good cause, as the great- 
difference occurs in the warmest season of the year? The 
heal at the surface converts the falling wat<-r into vapor, which 
using is condensed again, and united with the drops of rain from 

Quantity of Rain at Different Heights. 


a colder region as they fall : thus increasing the quantity near the 

It may he observed that the difference is much increased by a 
violent wind, but whether this is owing to the situations of the 
gages or the different powers of condensation, has not been satis- 
factorily determined. 

Observers in France and England conclude that the difference 
in quantity, decreases in warm regions, and increases in cold. In 
1834, there was much less difference in Paris, than at York, Eng- 
land. So there may be less difference in daily than in nightly 

The conclusion arrived at by Mr. Harris is, that "the result de- 
pended on two conditions : viz. The vertical measure of the tract 
of air, intervening between the two stations, and the temperature 
of the season of the year. The former determining the ratio of the 
differences of the quantity of rain at different elevations above the 
ground ; and the latter influencing the amount of these differences 
— but the latter depends some upon the season of the year." 

The quantities of rain, and difference in quantity, with the ratios 
of the quantities at three different stations, for three years, in dif- 
ferent seasons, in York, England : viz. on York Minster, 212i£ 
feet from the ground — on the museum 43 T 8 2 feet, and on the ground 
from the same gentlemen are as follows : 

Minster. Museum. Ground. Difference. Ratios. 

6.833-2.876 66.35-85.83 

3.182-5.150 49.94-70.26 

10.874-4.790 64.82-84.50 

12.749-7.090 52.60-73.62 

13.717-6.231 64.42-83.84 

15.179-8.899 53.58-73.82 

The total results at the same place for 1833 and 1834, were : 

14.963 19.852 25.706 10.743-5 854 58.20-77.21 

At Bransby, 12 miles north, on a level with the Minster, it was 
24.000 inches on the ground. 

At York, from Feb. 1st. 1834, to Jan. 31st 1835, the result of 
the observations was : 

3 Summer Months, 




3 Winter 





5 Warmer 





5 Colder 





7 Warmer 





7 Colder 



25 100 



Quantity of Rain at Different Heights. 



Museum. Qround. 

.670 1.040 








1.710 2.830 

76.13 Total difference 

At Bolton-Cravan, the results for six months of 1S34 and '35, by 
Mr. Littledale, were 

81 6-12 feet above jrround. 34 2-12 feet and 6 1-2 feet 3 Difference. ' 

16.53 18.81 19.41 2.88 .60 

These results will he seen to correspond with those obtained 

here in two gages for sixteen months from February 1845, to July 
15th 1846. 

Eigty-five feet above ground. 




March .456 













1835. Jan. 























7.645 3.804. 

Five feet. 
January 2.875 4.496 


Total 44.687 60.232 

The difference for the first 11 1-2 months waa 
m «« ), 1H t « « « 

" tho whole 16 « " 











July (to 15th) 






















July (15th) 






















Quantity of Rain at Different Heights. 499 

Which is almost twice as much as at York Minster, which is 
more than 2\ times higher, and almost 3 times greater than 
at the Museum, which is about half as high. This difference 
may be owing in some degree, to the different construction of the 
gages, and some to the difference of temperature of the two places* 
but our observations are not sufficiently perfect, to warrant us in 
saying that we have arrived at a correct conclusion. It will, how- 
ever, show that by proper attention, much on this subject may yet 
be gleaned from the hidden arcana of Nature, and we hope to be 
able at some future time, to present more enlarged and correct 


Observations on the Weather. 


Made in New-York on the State of the Weather, before and after 
the Appearance of Auroras and Haloes — on the Quantity of Rain 
at Different Elevations, with other Me'.erological Results : By 
O. W. Morris, of the New- York Institution for the Instruction 
of the Deaf aud Dumb. 




S W. 





Lunar Halo. 

Fifth day, rain. 

Third day. 





Second " 


Same night 

, snow. 





Day before, snow and rain 

\c\t throe 

days rain 


Lunar Halo. 


Same day. snow. 

Third day. 




& \urora. 


Daj before) 


Second day 

, snow. 





do. rain and snow. 

Next do. 




Solar Halo. 


Thin! day. 


do. do. 





s. i: 

Day before, 


do. do. 


M . 

Lunar Halo. 


Same day. 


Fourth do. 




- i:. 

Day before, 


Third (1 iv. 






' do. 


Nexl do. 






Third day. 






Lunar Halo. 


Ninth do. 







s. E. 

Third do. 






Lunar Halo. 

s. w. 

Fourth do. 








Daj before 


Day after, 






Eighth day 


Sixth day, 








Fifth do. 




Lunar Halo. 









s. E 

Fourth do. 


Day after 





N. E 

Day before, 


Second day 






Second day 




1 Dec. 


Lunar Halo. 






Auroras, 9. Solar Haloes, 2. Lunar Haloes, 13. 

Ab a clouded state of the atmosphere often prevents the observations of Auroras 

nt man;, localities where they would otherwise be visible, and as clouded or stormy 
mother makes a daily progress from place to place, no specific inductions are at- 
Ismptod from these observations. 

Observations on the Weather. 


-— m , 

x ra 


a c 

'a = 




s- « eg 

'o S 





« «£ oj co 2 

.a -| 

. != 5 

>> a 

^3 - - - 



Ci r~ 

~ -o -o -Ci-m 



Oi lO 

o co t i-9 n 


'~T CO 'O CO 

^ iO 

— f~i^.tecoccc^co 


I » 

-n-ct -cuiHn-n 


-ciHci **i-ci 

•^r -^i 


c< co o o; co - o 


i- - a ci 

'o ~. 





co' -r 

-Cl — Ci -Ha Ha -o -Cl 


Ha -pi 




C( CI C( -« lO :fl 0! 



— -?i -3* 

r-. c; 



-^ -^ 

-.1 CO 

-c> -ci -«\-ei 

r. :- 


co v= -h co o« «n 


C5 C2 CO 


co' co' 


-ci Hn 


CI i-i 




CI t- ^- CI CO CO 




T t^ CO 

C iO 



-Cl — C*HCl— Cl 


-CI -Ci 




■c ci c-. ei m m 








— 1—1 



-C-O -Cl -« 


-o -ci 




h<o q h n n :i 










-tn r-ei -pi -ci -o -ci 



O! iO 



co a-, t-i o rr 







f— 1 



-r ifl 



-CI -Ci -Cl-Cl 

r _; 


o c^ 



CO — t 1^ CO CI CO 


CfT ^ 





«— < 



-H l-H 

" '- 






-ei -ci-ciHn 

co co 



CO t»< CI O CO to 



'C C3 ^3< 

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Observations on the Weather. 503 

The two Rain Gages have been observed during ten and a half 
months of the year. The lower gage occupies a position, about 
two hundred feet distant from any building, and about five feet from 
the ground : the upper one is on the top of the building, about 
eighty feet above the other. The quantity of water has been care- 
fully measured in both, and recorded : that in the lower, is 46.92 
inches, and that in the upper is 38.44 inches, showing a difference 
of 8.48 inches, or an average of a little more than .8 per month. 

In making an estimate of the true quantity, however, the water 
from melted snow should be rejected, because with the present in- 
struments the difference in the quantity of snow cannot be accurate- 
ly measured, ovvng to the force of the wind, &c. : this leaves the 
quantity of rain for that time in the lower gage, 41.675 inches, and 
in the upper 32.1 S5 inches, showing a difference of 9.49 inches, an 
average of .903, per month. 

There are many circumstances to be taken into consideration in 
coming to a true result j such as violence of the wind, time of the 
day when it rains, density of the atmosphere at the commencement 
as foggy, misty and cool, or hot and dry, or after a long interval of 
dry weather, &c. A long continued and careful series of observa- 
tions may be necessary in order to furnish a solution of this differ- 
ence in quantity, which has already engaged the attention of many 
scientific men, who have not been able, as yet, to agree upon any 
general principles to account for it. 


Observations on tke Weather. 





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Musical Intonation and Temperament. 505 

sound more acute than this is utterly inaudible to human ears. Each 
of these numbers is just double the preceding. 

Let us go backwards a moment, halving the numbers. I said 
12S pulsations a second make Do 4 ; 64, Do 3 ; 32, Do" ; and 16, Do 1 . 
If 8 vibrations per second make a sound, it must be named Do ; 4, 
Do- 1 ; 2, Do- 2 and 1 vibration a second, Do- 3 . From this imaginary 
point let us ascend again. 1 vibration should produce Do- 3 ; 2, Do- 2 ; 
and 4, Do- 1 . Now, "> vibrations should produce a sound between Do- 4 
and Do-' ; let its name be Sol- 2 . Double this, and 6 pulsations should 
make Sol- 1 ; and 12, Sol- ; 2 4 make Sol 1 ; 48, Sol' J ; 90, Sol'; 
192, Sol% &c. Thus between each Do and the one above there is a 
Sol. The interval between Sol and the Do below is 2 : 3 ; that be- 
tween Sol and Do above is 3 : 4. Thus Do<, is 123 ; Sol 4 is 192. 
Now, 12S : 192 : : 2 : 3. And 192 : 250 (Middle Do,) : : 3 : 4. 

Again, 5 pulsations a second should form a theoretical sound be- 
tween Do- 1 and Sol- 1 . The name is Mi- 1 . Doubling this, we have 
Mi', 10 ; Mi 1 , 20 ; Mi 2 , 40 ; Mi 3 , SO ; Mi*, 100 ; Mi 5 , 320 ; &c. 
So between each Do and the Sol above is a Mi, which is to the Do 
a- 5 : 4, and to the Sol as 5 : 0. Thus Do 4 is to Mi 1 as 128 : 160 :: 4 : 5, 
and Mi 4 to Sol 4 as 160 : 192 : : 5 : 6. Observe, 
now, from these data how to calculate the in- 4:5 

terval from Do to Sol. It cannnot be done by 5:6 

addition. We must compound the ratios 4:5 10 J 20 : 30 
and 5:6; multiplying, we have 20 : 30, and 2 : 3 

dividing by 10, 2 : 3, as in the margin. 

Thus far we see 1 pulsation per second should yield Do- 3 ; 2, Do- 2 ; 
3, Sol- 2 ; 4, Do- 1 ; 5, Mi- 1 ; 0, Sol- 1 ; 8, Do- . A new pitch, named Re , 
should arise from 9 vibrations ; Re', 18 ; Re 2 , 30 ; &c. 15 vibrations 
would be Si : 30, Si 1 : &c. No other even vibrations per second 
yield a pitch to which we need now give a name. Between these 

. -s there are two large intervals. One is between Mi and Sol, 
of 5 : 0. We must have an intermediate pitch, 1 will call its name 
e will take it as much above Do 1 as Do* is above Sol 1 , that is 
3 : 1. Now 3:4:: I i : Ji£, which is our Fa 1 . Here is a disagree- 
able fraction which follows us through every Fa, as Fa*, 12 j-j ; Fa 3 , 
852 ; F»\ 17 0§; &*.' We find the interval from Mi 1 to Fa"' to be 
20 : 21£, which is *. ; : 64, which i ; IS : 16, the same as from Si to 
Do. .'... I the interval from Fa 1 to So; 1 is 21j : 21 :: 64 : 72 :. 8 : 9, 

506 Musical Intonation and Temperament. 

the game as from Do to Re. Compounding these, we have the inter- 
val Mi to Sol, •") : 6, as before. 

The interval between Sol and Si is still larger, 4 : 5, the same as 
from Do to Mi. We will put in a sound La, the same as the Re be- 
tweeu Do and Mi, making Sol : La :: 8 : 9, and La : Si :: 9 : 10. La 1 , 
then, makes 26§ vibrations a second 

We have now established 7 pitches between Do 1 and Do . They 
are found in capitals in the table of Diatonic Scales. The ratios of 
vibrations, and the intervals between them, are placed at the bottom. 
We see there only '] kinds of intervals, 8 : 9 and 9 : 10, both called a 
Tone, (which we distinguish by calling one the greater Tone, and 
the other the lesser Tone,) and 15 : 16, called in barbarous mixture of 
(>reek and Latin, Semitone, but more properly Hemitone. The in- 
terval from any of these pitches to the next above or below is called 
;i . ';.< ond ; to the next but one, a Tiiikd, &c. ; and to the eighth 
above or below, an Octave. Thus from Fa 1 to Fa a is an octave ; 
from Si 1 to Re* is a third, &c. Every pitch resembles its octaves 
more than it does any other pitch. Thus Fa 8 can be readily told 
from Mi° or Sol", but is in one sense identical with Fa 6 and Fa\ 
Hence they all bear the name of Fa. So of all the rest. 

Amy series of 8 pitches whatever, having between them the seven 
intervals, Tom. Tone, ETemitone, Tone, Tone, Tom:. Homitone, 

ailed a Diatonic Scale. \ny Diatonic Scale beginning and 
ending with Do, as that in the table, is called the l)i itonig Scale 
of Do; and music composed of these pitches is said to be in the Key 
OP Do. The firsl and last note of any Diatonic scale is called Toxic, 
the second Si psbtonic, &c. We give the names at the head of the 
table. Four more ndtes are occasionally wanted in each octave. 
These are a grave second, a flat th, a sharp fourth, and a sharp 

fifth. Thej are accordingly added { > the table. 

Furnished frith these sounds, we can produce the air of any un- 
modulated pie< ic we choose. Suppose, now, Archdale were 
written in the of Do, of which we have given the Diatonic 

The highest note is an octave 

ove, and the lowest a fourth below. If the first sound word Do*, 

the highest would be Do": much higher than the female voice can 

well reach. Bui ifthe firs! note be taken on Do 4 , the lowest would 

Other key, as of Sol, 


The following paragraphs were removed from the body of the article at 
page 511, as not necessary to its design, they are here prefixed as a conve- 
nience to those who may not have seen the more elaborate article on Beats, 
in " Smith's Harmonics." 

When two sounds are heard nearly harmonizing, there are heard 
at the same time irregularities of sounds, or Beatb ; the frequency 
of which depends on the nature of the sounds. When a true Do, 
(32 vibrations per second,) is accompanied by a sound of 31 or 33 vi- 
brations, one beat per second is heard. Sounds of 31 and 33 vibra- 
tions would produce 2 beats ; 256 and 259 would produce 3 beats, &c, 
as in the following diagram. Where the sounds are nearly 5ths, 
3rds, or any concords, their vibrations per second must be multiplied 
by the ratio of the interval, so as to produce nearly equal numbers, 
and then the difference is the number of beats per second. Thus the 
beats of the imperfect fifth between La 1 27 and Mi 3 40 are found to 
be one per second ; by subtracting 80 (twice 40) from 81 (3 times 
27.) In the same way, the beats of the major third, recommended in 
the lamented Prof. Fisher's Table for Tuning (Sill. Journal, Vol. 1, 
p. 195,) between Fan 5 (325.68 vibrations,) and Lan 5 (42S.92 vibra- 
tions per second,) will be found by multiplying these numbers by 4 
and 5 respectively, to be 37.28 per second. 

In the following figure the points represent the vibrations of im- 
perfect unison, as of Sol 5 ; the commas only, of imperfect fifths, as Do„ 
and SoK The beats, which are the same in both cases, are denoted 
by" b 

b b b 

These beats furnish us with the most ready way, though the least 
satisfactory way, of ascertaining the number of vibrations in any pitch. 
It is easy to tune two tubes so that they shall differ in pitch precisely 
comma. It lias long been known that their vibrations then are 80:8 1, 
but it is more difficult to ascertain the vibrations of either. Let the 
sounds be Si 4 and Si 4 . If they beat 3 limes per second, we know 
that Si 4 vibrates 240, and 81* 243 times p'T second. Again, by means 
of beats the most perfect tuning can be executed, by the aid of an un- 
practised ear. Even the most perfect interval, (he octave, can be tuned 
more accurately by making use of their beats with an intermediate 
sound, than in any other way. This process is, however, too slow 
for the practical tuner, unless it be in tuning setts of tuning forks. 

On Musical Intonation and Temperament. By I. F. Holtox. 
Read Oct. 12th— 19th, and Nov. 2nd, 1846. 

The mathematical relations of musical sounds have received very 
little attention from scientific writers, for the last quarter of a cen- 
tury. Almost every branch of science has been greatly simplified du- 
ring this period: this still repels the beginner with a formidable array 
of difficulties. It is the object of this paper to present the first ele- 
ments only of the Mathematics of Music, in a form so simple as to be 
understood, on a careful perusal, by any one familiar with the main 
principles of common arithmetic. 

Sound is produced by vibrations of air. The sound produced by 
more frequent vibrations is called moke acute or higher — that by 
less frequent vibrations, graver or lower. This difference is a dif- 
ference in pitch. The difference in the pitch of two sounds when esti- 
mated, measured or calculated, is called an interval. 

When drops of water fall on a board at a uniform rate of 16 per 
second, a uniform Bound is heard, about as grave as the human ear 
is capable of appreciating. This sound is called by the English and 
Germans, 11 (great twice marked C,) and by the Italians, French, 
Spanish and Portuguese, Do 1 , (first Do.) Any thing will produce a 
sound of this pitch which will make 16 uniform impressions on the 
air in a second, as comb teeth striking against the finger-nail — a 
vibrating string striking against the air — or air itself vibrating in a 
tube ; sounds from different sources, as the vibration of a wire and 
of a silk cord, for instance, though the same in pitch, will differ in qual- 
ity. The French call this difference in quality, Timbbs. 10 pul- 
sations per second produce Do 1 ;* 32 produce a higher sound, named 
Do 1 i 8 1 make Do* ; 128 make Do 4 ; 250 make Do', or Middle Do ; 
512 make Do 8 ; 1,024 make Do 7 ; 2,048 make Do'; 4,096 make Do 8 ; 
8,192 make Do 10 ; and 16, 884 uniform pulsations make Do". A 

* I : because thi v ate much more convenient; but I must 

rtnitioii ihf: reader against confounding Do, Er, Mi, &.c, us the Italians use tlicm, 
with the same terms u used in American singing schools. 

Musical Intonation and Temperament 507 

If Sol be the first note of a key, the second must be La. Now, 
the interval between the first and second of the scale must be a Tone. 
That between Sol and La is only a Tone. If Sol, 24, La must be, 
not 26§, but 27. Now, 26| : 27 :: 80 : 91. The interval of 80 : 81 
is called Comma. From La to Si is a Tone, as it should be be- 
tween the second and third ; from Si to Do, a Hemitone ; Do to Re, 
a Tone ; Re to Mi a Tone ; but from Mi to Fa only a Hemitone. 
This will not do — we must have a Tone there. Mi a has 40 vibra- 
tions, 8 : 9:: 40 : 4"). The new sound is to Sol 3 as 45 : 43 :: 15 : 16 ; 
so this interval is, us it should be, a Hemitone. The intervals now, 
from Sol' to Sol 3 , are Tone, Tone, Hemitone, Tone, Tone, Tone, 
Hemitone ; consequently it is a true Diatonic scale — the scale of the 
Key of Sol. This key has no Fa in it ; its place is therefore left 
vacant for the new pitch. Occupying the same place, we will give 
it a name by adding an n to Fa and call it Fan. Fa is to Fan as 
42= : 15 :: 128:135. The interval is less than a Hemitone ; it is call- 
ed Major Limma. This rendering a pitch limma higher is called 
Sharping it. 

The same transposition which we have performed on the key of 
Do, we may repeat on that of Sol. Taking its 5th (Re) for tonic, 
raising its 2nd (Mi) comma, and sharping its 4th (Do) into Don, we 
have the Key of Re. This may be repeated again and again. It is 
obvious this process maybe reversed. The Key of Re may be trans- 
posed to that of Sol, by making its 7th (Don) limma lower, (which is 
called Flatting it,) and making its 2nd comma lower. By the 
same process the key of Sol can be transposed to that of Do, and that 
again to the key«of Fa ; in each case reducing the 2nd comma, and 
the 7th to its proper place, and the 4th becomes the Tonic. Begin- 
ning with Fa, the first two intervals are Tone and Tone, but instead 
of Si we use a pitch which is to La as 15 : 10. This is written in the 
same place with Si. We will call it Sir. Now, La: Sir :: 15: 16 
:: 26| : 28$, and Sir : Do :: 9 : 10 :: 284 : 32. 

This process has no assignable limits. A few keys only are 
needed to write pieces in, but music often passes from one key to an- 
other, in the midst of a strain, for the effect of the change. This 
change is called Modulation. 

In the table at the close, will be found all the pitches of 18 keys, 
arranged in their order, with the number of their pulsations in 
the lowest octave. The acute and grave accents imply sounds 

oOS Musical Intonation ami T< mpcramcnt. 

comma sharper and flatter respectively than the names indicate. 
These, th«i), are the Elements of Music. Pure music at concert 
pitch can contain no other bul by modulating beyond the 18 keys, 
and no oilier sounds are ever used but as substitutes for some one of 

Here is iln* proper place, (though ii is almost superfluous,) to men* 
tion the other modes of representing these sounds. One which is 
very common in this country, England and (iermany, is by letters. 
The diatonic scale of Do is indicated by the letters C 1) E F G A 
B C Do' is written g ; Do*, 9. ; Do 3 , C; Do 4 , c; Do 6 , c; Do 9 , = ; 
and Do T , ,- . These names are inconvenient to pronounce, incon- 
venient to the printer, and cannot be applied in singing the notes. 
These inconveniences are not counterbalanced by a single advantage 
peculiar to this system, and its entire abandonment would greatly 
benefit the study of music. 

The musician, who needs only a few octaves, writes them on staves 
of generally live lines each. He marks the place of Sol 6 with /vk j pla- 
cing La' ne\t above it and Fa* next below it. Fan is placed on the 
Bame line or space with Fa, and preceded by a Shahf (#) either on 

the beginning of the Btaffor in tin- same measure with the note, and 
- i with all sharps. The Hatted pitches are written in the same way, 
with a FLAT ([)) preceding them. Where a note is in danger of be- 
ing read as sharped or flatted w Inn it is not, it is preceded by a Natu- 
ral (1^). Acute pitches are marked with the acute accent ('). and 
grave pitches with the grave accent ( * ), either at the beginning of tic 
statTor after each note. Where a note might be supposed to be acute 
or grave, bul should be neither, it is followed by a small circle (°). 
These marks arc omitted in music, intended only to be executed. 

Fa 1 is denoted by (^ and Do* (middle Do) by Jrcr or 


often very improperly used to denote Sol 4 as well as Sol 6 — leaving 
the performer to guess which. 

We here give the pitches from Do 4 to Do*, written with the Fa 
and Do Clefs : — 

Musical Intonation and Temperament. 







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Sor\ 179ff| 
Fan 4 , 1771 
Sor 4 , I77f4$£i 
Mm 4 , 172*4** 
Min 4 , 170|| 
Fa 4 , 170| 

-Mill 4 , 168| 

Fa 4 , 168if| 

Fa 4 , lOG^f* 
Mi 4 , 162 

Renn 4 , 160JJ& 
Mi 4 , 160 
Far 4 ,15!),;-; 
Mi 4 , 158/ T 
Ren 4 , 153-jSUL 
Ren 4 , 1514. 
Mir 4 , 151if 
Ren 4 , 150 
Mir 4 , 149ifii 
Donn 4 , 144/^ir 
Re 4 , 144 

Mirr 4 , 142/^V 5 

Donn 4 , 142-AfV 
Re 4 , 142f 
Re 4 , 11 
Dun 4 , 136J4, 
Don 4 , i: 5 
Rer 4 , 134|f| 
Don 4 , 1334, 

Rer 4 , l:;:i,VuV? 
Sin 8 , 128 3 *& 
Do 4 , 128 



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Do 5 , 256 
Sin 4 , 2531 
Do B ,252ff 

Dn 6 24.94X4-3 

Si 4 , 243 

Lann\ 240^ft 
Si 4 , 240 

Dor 6 , 2391? H 
Si 4 , 237^ 

Lan 4 , 2304,£f 
Lan\ 227 jf 
Sir 4 , 227f 
Lan 4 , 225 
Sir 4 , 224444 
Sir 4 , 221«fH 
La 4 , 210 
Sirr 4 , 213i|f-f 

Sonn 4 , 213i|| 
La 4 , 2131 
J_/a , Z JL'J'o 43 
Son 4 , 205& 
Son 4 , 202J 
Lai 4 , 202ff_ 
Son 4 , 200 

Lai 4 . 199£f#l 
Fann 4 , \^.\\\ 

Sol 4 . 192 
Fann 4 , 18! 
Sdl 4 , 1894^ 
Sol* 187/, 
Fan 4 , 182} 
Fan 4 , 180 

•'Mi' Musical Intonation and Temperament. 

The reasons tor the precise intervals of the Diatonic scale can be 

best understood by examining the effect of hearing two or more 

pitches at the Bame time. These, when agreeable to each other, 

form Harmony. When Do, Mi and Sol, for instance, are heard at 

. their vibrations being as 4, 5, andG, must often coincide thus : — 


n ' 

I! sre every other vibration of Do corresponds with one ofSol,and 
every fourth pulsation of Do corresponds with one both of Sol and of 
Mi Do is found to harmonize with .Mi 4:5, with Fa 3:4, with 
So] 2:3, and with La 3:5. Ri harmonizes with Fa 35$: 42$ 

JO : 38 1 :: 5 i 6, with Fan 1 : 5, with La 354 : 53| :: -J : 3, and 
with Sir 5 : B. Re harmonizes with Sol 3 : 4, and with Si :i : 5. Mi 
harmonizes with Sol 5:6, with La 3:4, with Si 2 : :?. with Son 
4:5, and with Do 7i ; •<. Fa harmonizes with La 4:5, with Sir 

. with Do 2:3, and with Re 3:5. Fan harmonizes with La 

. and with Re 5 : 8. Sol harmonizes with Si 4 : 5, with Do 3 : 4, 

with Re 'J : :'., and with Mi 3 : .">. Son harmonizes with Si .". : t;. and 

with Mi 5:8. La harmonizes with Do 5:6, with Re 3: l. with Mi 

'J : :f, with Fan :5 : :>. and with Fa 5:8. Sir harmonizes with Fa 

and with Re 1 : .">. Si harmonizes with Re "> : 6, with Mi 8 ; 1, 

With Sol ">: 8, and with Son :) : •">. 

It is obvious that the corresponding degrees of every other key 
harm b other in the same way as those of Do. From 

this we see that the precise intervals of the Diatonic scale are not or- 
bilrary t bu[ exactly such as will secure the greatest amount of harmonv, 

We see here onl) h'\ ratioB of vibration which produce harmony; 

'J:.-< called a Firm (Vth): :< : 1 a |\n urn (IVth)j 3 : 6 a MaJOB 
Si mm (Vlth); 5:8 a Minob Sixth (nth): 4:5 a Majob Third 
(Illrd); and ."):i; a Minor Thibd (3d). We need -ono farther 

into the subject of harmony — it constitutes a department of science 
iratively well cultivated. 

Ill a composition one single train of sounds musl be Midi as to be 

of itself agreeable. This train is called the An;, and its agreeable 
quality it Melody. The melody of pieces of a certain cast often 
requires tlie Sharp 4th ami 5th. The harmony of these same pieces 

often contains minor thirds and sixths w here others would have major 

thirds and sixths. Hence the y are said to be in the Mikob Modi:, 

and o;her pieces are laid tO be in the Major Modi:. The Diatonic 

Musical Intonation and Temperament. 5 \ 1 

Scaje is the same for both, I r y lias been thrown on 

this matter, and net ibor imposed on the student, by the so-called 

Minoi: Scali:. 

A few physical facts must now be stated before proceeding to the 
practical part of thu set 

Frssr. — W ben a musical sound is near a string of a rnu- 

. instrument, if md harmonizes wit:. will 

produce, it causes the string to vibrate. I. i Do', Sol*, "will 

produce vibrations in the ing of a Piano ] 

cond. — When r in barmoi 

are near each other. tier's vibrations and 

harmonize complete! v. 

Third. — \\ hen a string vibrates as a ■ . and produces its 

note, parts of the sain _ produce 

2 er pitches of sound. Thus, a string soun *, may also pro- 

duce Do*, J - ..*, or several or all of these, and per- 

haps more. These secondary sounds are cab 

ral musical theories have been ba~ : act — an unsafe founda- 

tion, as some harmonics have no musical relation to any scale. Thus 
give a harmonic i - vibrations 1 'and 

Sir*. Tubes, as Trumpets and French I • &c, also give 
monics — as also Bells, and, in fine, all musica] instruments: 
lowest note of the tube, bell, or sti _ called the Fundamental. 

Fourth. — \\ hen two pitches whi :h are harmonics to the same 
Fundamental are sounded together, the Fundamental itself may 
be heard. Thus, when Do 5 , mas ibratior . . with 

. making 3~5, tli-ir pulsations coinci the 

impression of Do*, although it is not sounded. 1 too, has 

served a3 basis to ill-founded theor 

These things being thoroughly we are prepared to 

proceed to the practical application of ti. ;.rn. 

This is to produce the tones indicated in musical < - . i.ich 

is called Intonation : or others n^-ar enough to r in 

• y.n \ment. 

Musical Instruments are divided info twoc! r Iv- 

BTKTjXKirrs are apaUe of prod 

each other, at the will of th Violin, the T ro mb on e, 

and the Human Voice. Ikfekj : < r I ice only 

the fixed tones for wh: ire tuned. 

Of all perfect instruments invented by man, (he Viol is by far the 

512 Musical Intonation and Temperament. 

most important. The principles of its intonation demand our first at- 
tention, because all accurate intonation of the voice depends on that 
of the Viol. One form of this instrument will illustrate all the 
others ; and for this purpose we select its best form, the Violin. In 
playing this instrument, the correct mental conceptions of pitch, ne- 
cessary in all musical execution, are here mechanically aided and 
corrected by the fixed sounds of the open strings, to a degree of 
accuracy otherwise unattainable in a perfect instrument. The open 
strings are Sol 4 , Re 6 , La 6 , .Mi 8 , each an exact fifth above the prece- 
ding. Two only of these, Sol and Re, are found in the natural key, 
or key of Do. In the key of 1# La comes in, and in 2#s all are 
used. In Sifts Sol disappears ; Re in 4^fs ; in 5#s Mi only is left, and 
in G and more sharps no open string remains to be appealed to, ex- 
cept the \) 7th in the key of 6^8. The flat signatures are less favored 
than the sharp. The key of lfj has but one open string, and the 
others none at all. Here the performer is Left all afloat, and perfect 
accuracy is impossible. His only alternative is to play every note 
comma higher than its true place, and by this means he has one fixed 
sound in 4fjs, beyond which the keys are only used for occasional 
modulations, as also are the extreme sharp keys. 

The best key for the Violin, then, is 2#s; and in 2 or more \js, 
correct playing can be attained only by false tuning, making the 
whole i istrument comma flat. The Viol might perhaps be improved 
by :• Iding one or more movable nuts to each string, each shortening its 
length one 80th, and raising its pitch comma. Six false nuts distri- 
buted among the four strings would give four open strings in all keys, 
from o #8 to 1 '\) inclusive, and one open string in all the keys from 8 #s 
to 1 ! s inclusive. 

We will consider next the human voice — the gift of our kind Crea- 
tor to near]} every human being; and, in respect to its powers, the 
most important of musical instruments. Having no fixed sounds of 
its own, absolutely perfect intonation for any length of time, independent 
of an instrument, is impossible. An approximation to this is the most 
important point in all musical instruction, and yet one which is rarely 
considered in a philosophical light. I may, therefore, bo pardoned for 
noticing it a little more particularly than would otherwise be necessary. 

The great point to be aimed at is a mental excellence, not a.j>hysi- 
cah Let the mental conception be correct, and correct execution will 
follow of course. This is in a degree true of all musical execution— 
in vocal music pre-eminently so. 

Musical Intonation and Temperament. 513 

The mind of a performer is aided in conceiving the pitch he wants, 
by one or more of the following means : First, his knowledge of ab- 
stract pitch. Second, his knowledge of the key in which he is singing 
or playing. Third, harmony with other performers. Fourth and 
last, by the interval between his last pitch and the required one. 

These different means are of very different degrees of utility, and 
it is of no small consequence on which the vocal performer is taught to 
rely. The worst of all these I take first. It is going by the interval. 
It is difficult to believe sensible teachers think they teach their pupils 
to read in this way, but long unmelodious lessons of intervals, intended 
for daily practice, in books of high repute, convince us that we cannot 
be mistaken. Now, let the performer make the following perfect in. 
tervals : up a IVth, down a 3rd, up a IVth, down a Vth, and he 
will find himself just comma below where he started, as may be seen 
by compounding the intervals. The notes sung may be Do, Fa, Re, 
Sol, Co. This little example is sufficient to show that intonation by 
intervals is a mere chimera. 

The other three modes must be used conjointly by every singer. 
The third, (by harmony with other performers,) is the way the pupil 
begins learning to sing — in unison or octave to the teacher. As a main 
reliance in ordinary execution its effect is very bad. It soon renders 
the performer hopelessly dependent. The pupil must early be taught — 
not to rely on it, but to become as independent of it as possible. It is 
only in the higher stage of his education that he is again to resort to 
it, but in a different manner, to correct minute errors in pitch, which 
can be corrected in no other way. For this purpose quartettes of per- 
formers furnish a ready and invaluable aid ; but the best possible me- 
thod is that of Viols accurately played. 

The second method, (by the scale of the key,) is the main reliance 
of our best common singers, as that by harmony is of our worst. It 
makes an independent singer of plain music. But modulations of the 
key often throw him out — he shrinks from music plentifully sprinkled 
with accidentals. Sometimes the key changes without any acciden- 
tal in his part ; here he mentally applies names to the notes, indicating 
their place in the scale he has left — he feels he is not singing the de- 
cree he is calling, and breaks down in the middle of a passage that 
looks easy enough, utterly at a loss why he cannot go on. The pro- 
gress of music is continually introducing more elaborate harmonies, 
by a free use of accidentals — hence this defective education will prove 

514 Musical Intonation and Temperament. 

more and more insufficient every year. Unfortunately this reading 
by the scale, like reading by harmony, makes slaves of its subjects, 
and they cannot throw oft' the yoke. It is harder to make a good 
reader of difficult music of a good singer by the scale than of a raw re- 
emit. Most mental operations, when oft repeated, become habits, 
and are performed unconsciously and without effort. Thus we walk, 
read, and write by habit. Not so with reading music by the scale, 
it i< like reading in a cypher, where the character that is used for A 
on one page becomes O, or P, or Q, on another. It must always call 
for conscious effort, and each new piece of music must, be a task be- 
fore it can become a pleasure. 

The remaining mode of intonation is by abstract pitch. Very 
little use is made of this by common American singers. It keeps the 
singer by the scale in the octave he means, and the singer by har- 
mony from giving a third for a fifth, &c, but beyond this our methods 
of instruction themselves prevent the use of it. The true method should 
be to make this the principal, and both the others auxiliary. The pu- 
pil should be taught to rely on this ; he will instinctively rely on 
both the others as much as is for his good, and even more. But it 
is generally doubted whether the mind can retain an abstract pitch 
with an accuracy that would be useful in intonation. This faculty, 
like every other, must depend for its perfection on cultivation. We 
recollect the pitch of a well-known bell, or a familiar voice, almost 
to comma. With one who is taught to associate each musical 
note with its precise pitch, as we do each hell and each voice, prac- 
tice results in an exactness incredible to those who have never made 
the trial. And here his knowledge of the scale prevents his erring, 
unless he errs by a whole hemitone — an error greater than he is in 
danger of making. Habit at length supersedes conscious effort, and 
finally harmony steps in to his aid, corrects minute errors which the 
ear will tolerate in the scale, and the pupil becomes an instrument of 
fixed sounds and perfect intonation, no more liable to get out of tune 
than those of wood and metal. " The top-stone is brought forth with 
shoutings of (iracc! gran- unto it!" 

'I'le- question of Solmization, or applying syllables in singing, is 
a little one in itself, as all agree that it is a scaffolding which ought 
to lie cleared away as soon as it can be dispensed with. Hut the 
rigor ofa plant depends on the plumpness of the seed which supplies 
it with nourishment for a few days, and enables it to strike its roots 

Musical Intonation and Temperament. 515 

deeper. So, too, with a beginner in music, everything depends on 
beginning well. No question affecting his beginning is trifling. 

Two systems of Solmization reign jointly in American singing 
schools. Both are adapted to the Diatonic scale. The better of the 
two applies to the degrees of every diatonic scale the names which 
we have applied to the scale of Do. This is perplexing to the begin- 
ner, and exposes the proficient to the evils of reading by the scale 
before mentioned. But its evil effects do not stop here. It breaks 
up all analogy between vocal and instrumental music. In this way 
the keys of 4 #s and 3 ^js are sung precisely alike, while in playing 
not one note is the same ; and the keys of 1# and 2 #3 are sung en 
tirely different, while in playing they differ but in one note. 

The other uses but four names. It would tax ingenuity to the ut- 
most to make an argument in its favor. It seems incredible that it 
should ever have made a reader of easy music at sight, but it is said 
to have sometimes done it. Of course all the objections agiinst the 
preceding system apply with equal force to this, and it is attended 
with others so serious, that its prevalence in a rational community 
furnishes a good illustration of the tenacity with which indefensible 
customs retain their hold on the best minds. 

All the European systems are, in the main, free from these ob- 
jections. The German system is precisely analogous to that which 
we have used, only the names selected are, unfortunately, less eupho- 
nious, and more disagreeable to sing — particularly the flatted and 
sharped names, both of which end in s. The Italian is like that we 
have here used, except the flats and sharps are indicated by adjec- 
tives instead of change of termination, and in singing, Dofj, D< #, 
and DoX, are all sung Do, and so of all the rest. By this defect the 
Italians lose the advantage of learning the scales hi/ vocal cxeirises 
and in classes — a matter of incalculable importance to those who de- 
sign learning also an instrument, or studying harmony. The gene- 
ral adoption of the German system, or better still, the names I have 
used,* would be an era in American music, and the following re 
might be confidently anticipated : First — singers would more gene- 
rally become players, and thereby better singers. Second — pla 
would almost universally become singers, and thereby better players. 
And lastly — thorough domestic education in music would be placed 
in the reach of every family where any musical instrument is well 
played. To this change arises the objection to every proposed change, 

* Invented by Professor E. Ives, of this city. 

51G Musical Intonation and TcmpcramcAt. 

that it is more difficult than the old way. Experience alone can an- 
swer tliis objection, and the results will a little surprise those who, 
knowing it to be better, expect to find it also slower than the old modes. 

But some of our best teachers are firmly of the opinion that any 
system of names used in singing will prove a serious impediment to 
vocalization, and compel the singer who has once used it to apply 
names in every difficult place, before he can apply the words. This 
»s a necessary consequence of names transposed with the change of 
key, and it is barely possible that the inconvenience might result 
from a rigid perseverance in the use of fixed names long after the oc- 
casion for them had passed, but their moderate use by beginners, 
like spelling words to learn to pronounce them, or beating in order 
to keeping time, will prove a great aid at first, and, if duly discon- 
tinued, of not the least inconvenience afterwards. 

The other perfect instruments need no further notice. We pass 
to imperfect instruments, and first to Keyed Instruments, as the Organ 
and Piano Forte. These instruments almost universally have 12 
fixed sounds in each octave. These sounds supply imperfectly the 
various pitches of all the scales in which we play. The difference 
between the true pitch and that used lor it is Temperament. To 
examine this subject, we will Buppose the 12 intervals to be exactly 
equal. This is called EauAL Temperament. To divide the oc- 
tave into 12 equal intervals, we must find a ratio which multiplied 12 
tines into itself, will produce the ratio of 1:2. This ratio is' 
'V': 'V2, or 1 : 'V-'. To extract the 12th root of 2, we begin 
by extracting its square root. This, we know, cannot be expressed 
in figures, and of the 12th root is equally incommensurable. If two 
Strings, ,'. of an octave apart, vibrated once together at the Creation, 
their vibrations would not again coincide till the Resurrection Morn ! 
The problem, however, like squaring the circle, can be solved near 
enough for all practical purposes, and the vibrations will be 
1:1.059463. To Bee how these intervals will lit our purpose, we 
will call the lowesl of 12 pitches I>o, the second Don and Rer, the 
third Re, dec. When we first look at the 62 sounds in the IS scales 
we have given, we are ready to despair of any accommodation ofthem 

to I 'J fixed pitches, bul we know, as the intervals of every scale are 

exactly similar, that an instrument of equal temperament will lit one 
kej ai well as another, since it matters not with which ofthe twelve 
Bounds you begin. By comparing the scale of the key of Do with the 

Musical Intonation and Temperament. oil 

corresponding notes in the table of Equal Temperament, we shall see 
that all the pitches are too sharp except Sol, but all so slightly, that 
no perceptible injury to the melody results. It is not so with the har- 
mony. As it is harmony that fixes the precise intervals in intonation, 
so must considerations of harmony alone decide every question of 
temperament. And because the HIrds, the 3rds, and the Vths, are so 
much more important than I Vths, the Vlths, and the 6ths, the former 
alone are to be taken into consideration. We find the Vths of mean 
temperament flat, by an interval of about 499:500, and the HIrds 
sharp, by an interval of about 99 : 100 ; and as a Illrd and a 3rd 
make a Vth, the 3rd must, therefore, be quite flat. So Mean Tern- 
perament furnishes us no good chords, though none of them are abso- 
lutely intolerable. Some of these chords occur much more frequently 
than others. Son, for instance, is Vth to Don, and Illrd to Mi, but in 
the latter relation it occurs more than 12 times as often as the former. 
If flattened more than in Equal Temperament, so as to make a worse 
Vth but a better Illrd, the ear is pleased with the change a dozen 
times to where it is annoyed once. Considerations like this have led 
to various schemes of Unequal Temperament. The best probably of 
these is that of Professor Fisher. 

Musicians are not agreed what temperament is best. In Unequal 
Temperament some of the chords are very good, while the aggravated 
dissonance of others, called by tuners the Wolf, imparts a peculiarity 
to the keys in which it occurs, much admired by certain musicians. 
Science hardl) justifies these predilections, which must be chiefly at- 
tributed to fancy and prejudice. Some inequality of temperament 
may be preferable, but no key ought to be made so bad as to give it 
a character for harshness. 

One argument for Equa. Temperament seems strangely to have 
been overlooked by every one who has discussed the subject. This 
arises from the influence, before alluded to, which musical bodies 
nearlv in harmony have on each other. Two organ pipes, differing 
nearly T ' ? of an octave, when sounded together may sound in unison. 
In full chords this influence is stronger than with two sounds only. 
But for this principle, what is called "the furniture stop," opening at 
the same time perfect thirds, perfect fourths and perfect fifths to each 
note played, would produce the most frightful discords if each pipe 
sounded its own note. Influenced by each other, and by the other 
stops, they produce the most sublime harmony. Strings are more 


Musical Intonation and Temperament. 

easily influenced by sounds than pipes. A wonderful illustration of 
this is furnished by an attempt of a performer, at the commemoration 
of Handel at Westminster Abbey, to produce a discord on his violon- 
cello during a grand chorus. He could not do it ! Wherever he 
stopped it, it would produce perfect harmony with the other instru- 
ments. As he slided his finger on the string it would jump from har- 
monic to harmonic- This consideration tells in favor of Equal Tem- 
perament, but is far from settling the question. The extremes must 
be Professor Fisher's scheme on the one hand and Equal Tempera- 
ment on the other. The tuner has ample liberty between them to 
consult his own judgment and the taste of the musical world. 

The annexed table gives the comparative length of string to pro- 
duce the 12 pitches of an octave tuned to Equal Temperament, am! by 
Professor Fisher's scheme. By means of a monochord the pitches can 
be taken from the table and transferred to an instrument. 

Equal T< mpt rament. 




















1 ,\ Si i 4 . 

•Mil -J 





1. \ 




21 1.1 


Sdn 4 , Lar 4 , 






Sol 4 , 

661 l 





Fan 4 , 8or 4 , 






Fa 4 , 






Mi 4 , 






Ren 4 , Mir 4 , 







14:?. 7 




Don 4 , Pel 4 , 











The ne\t ela^s of imperfect instruments is of the Trumpet class. 
These, if fixed in length, will give one fundamental note and its bar 

monies. I' 1 * intonation is perfect in the key of which its fundamen- 
tal fa tonic, but it is limited to the harmonic mites. Some are fur- 
ni hed with contrivances for instantaneously varying their length and 
■0 producing Other fundamentals and other setts of harmonics — thus 
muHplying the resources of the instrument, but leaving them wholly 

Musical Intonation and Temperament. 519 

inadequate to the wants of the musician. The deficiencies are in a 
degree supplied by partly stopping the mouth with the hand. This 
makes a "perfect instrument" of it, but greatly injures the quality of 
the tones. 

Another class of imperfect instruments vary their pitch by lateral 
openings closed by the fingers and by keys. These are always inac- 
curate in pitch, and as you diminish this objection by more openings, 
you injure the quality of every tone of the instrument. 

It is needless to pursue this subject farther. We see it beset 
with difficulties on every side. Are they insuperable? Theoreti- 
cally they are not. An organ can be made to execute perfect into- 
nation, but the bulk, the expense, the liability to get out of order, and 
above all, the labor of tuning — to be forever recommenced as soon 
as completed — furbid the hope of practical success until a new era in 
mechanics. The attempt has been made on stringed instruments 
with frets, as the Guitar — but that instrument is not in itself of im- 
portance enough to justify the attempt, and the momentary variation 
of its strings forbids the hope of entire success. 

Composers have themselves thrown obstacles in the way by 
writing their music expressly for imperfect intonation — not only of 
keyed instruments, but even of the violin. And, in fact, it is said by 
good authority that k\v or no performers on this noble instrument 
execute their notes with even as great accuracy as well-tuned im- 
perfect instruments. 

To sum up the whole matter, we conclude that although perfect 
intonation may be the subject of rigid mathematical inquiry, and its 
approximation may furnish full scope for the ambition of genius for 
ages to come, its full attainment is not to be hoped until we strike 
our harps of gold, and sing that song which no one can learn but the 
Redeemed from the Earth. 















chalceum - 


angustata - 

- 365 





anthraciua - 

- 391 




basal is 

- 365 

contempta - 



cupi ipenne - 



- 365 




decipiens - 



- 367 







- 361 




communis - 

- 362 

consimilis - 



excavatura - 

22 ; 


- 363 

debilipcs - 



frmoratum - 



- 362 







- 371 




formosum - 



- 367 




foyeicolle - 



- 362 







- 367 







- 416 




limbatum - 



- 357 

partiarius - 



luctuosum - 



- 362 






inaqnalis - 

- 360 






indistincta - 

- 365 






Isevipi nnis - 

- 371 

testaceus - 






- 361 





- 365 




niorosum - 



- 438 

muta - 



nigriceps - 


musculis - 

- 366 




nitidulum - 



- 371 





- 359 

testaceus - 






- 364 


pttlliatum - 



- 361 







- 366 

infuse atus - 



picipenne - 


splendida - 

- 360 



placidum - 


trivial 8 

- 162 




pullutum - 









. 184 



retractum - 


Amulyciius - 

- 417 








scutellare - 


femorata - 
fulvicollia - 

- 377 

- 376 






. 376 







InJex to Volume Four. 



cincticollis - 

- 369 

helluonis - 



- 225 


coraciuus - 

- 220 




- 221 




- 220 

brevicollis - 



- 223 




- 221 



depressus - 

- 221 




- 222 

erraticus - 



- 222 

femoratus - 



- 220 

houcstus - 


Lecontii - 

. 222 



marginalia • 

- 221 

lucidiiliia - 



- 221 



obconicus - 

- 439 




- 222 

nitidulus - 


obscurus - 

- 223 



pubcscena - 

- 439 

piciventris - 


Binuatus • 

- 220 




. 223 



tenuicollis - 

- 222 




- 222 



pubescens - 



- 379 



- 379 

Pennsylvanicus - 



- 381 



- 385 

biplagiatua *- 



- 382 


discoidcna • 

- 379 



ellipticua - 

- 384 



gravid us - 

- 383 

pulchellus - 



- 379 




- 386 

trst'imis - 


laticollis - 

- 380 

Bemium H 

luctuosus - 

- 382 



lugubris - 

- 386 




- 380 

antiquum - 



- 384 




- 374 

chalceum - 


ob.-cnrus - 

- 386 



paradoxus - 

- 416 

eoxendix - 



- 382 

decipiens - 


rufipennii - 

- 381 

dor sale 

i iE 


- 36 i 



St. Crucia 

- 379 


•17 1 


- 380 



eubieneus - 

- 385 




- 416 

honettum - 



improssum - 



- 41G 

uuBquale - 



incurvum - 


tea - 

- 209 

inornotum • 






. 198 




• 198 







littorate - - 451 

nigricepi - - 474 

nigrum - - 468 

nitidulum - - 452 

oppoaitum - - 462 

palndosuru- - 451 

palruele - - 459 

postrrmum- - 466 

proximum- - 471 

pumilum - - 474 

pimctato-striatum 473 

4-niaculatum - 462 

rupestre - - 465 

sigillare - - 451 

stigmaticum - 451 

tetracolum - 465 

transversals - 466 

tripunctatum - 469 

troglodytes - 472 

variegatum - 459 

xanthopus - - 469 

Bipartiti - - 210 


enescens - - 473 


quadricollis - 448 

Brachinides - 184 


affioia - - 204 

altemans - - 198 

ballistarius- - 199 

ci phalotes - - 205 

conformis - - 207 

cordicollis - - 206 

cyanoptertu - 203 

Deyrollii - - 200 

finnans - - 203 

lateralis - - 202 

Le Coutii - - 203 

mediae. - - 207 

neglretns - - 201 

patruelis - - 202 

perplexus - - 203 

pumilio - - 208 

quadriponnis - 201 

Bunilia - - 199 

Btrenaoi - - 200 

Bufflaus - - 204 

torincntarius - 200 

welox - - 206 

viridipennis - 305 

viridiu - - 205 

avidus • - 367 

oxaratus - - 367 

furtivus - - 367 

Index to Volume Four. 






atripennis - 

laevipennis - 


augustus - 



brevicollis - 

obsoletua - 


brevilabris - 






gregarius - 


cobalt inus - 


congener - 



consimilia - 



cordicollia - 

marginala - 






punctata - 


erythropus - 

rubricollii - 


exaralus - 



fulgicepa - 



fascicornia - 








Le Contii - 



lithophilua - 

luxalum - 


longicollia - 

obsoletum - 


luctuosua - 

Sayi - 


nemoralia - 

scrutator - 


niger - 



patruelia - 






perviridis - 

Car abides 





Beauvoisii - 



carinatua - - 


rufilabria - 

carolinus - 









interruptus - 

















viridanus - 









albilabris - 



albohirta - 



pennsylvanica - 


Audubonii - 






inocqualis - 



splendida - 



Cephalotes - 

















12 guttata - 

- 181 



- 180 



. 179 


generosa - 

. 179 



- 184 



. 182 



. 182 


hirticollis - 

. 180 



. 181 



- 177 



. 184 


longilabris - 

- 178 



- 176 


marginata - 

- 180 



- 182 



- 182 



- 175 



- 181 


obliquata - 

- 179 



- 175 



- 178 



- 178 



- 181 



- 185 


punctulata - 

- 182 


purpurea - 

- 176 



- 183 



- 180 


rufiventria - 

- 184 


rugifrona - 

- 185 



- 184 


Scutellaria - 

- 176 



- 184 


sexguttata - 

- 176 



- 181 


splendida - 

- 176 



- 177 



- 184 



- 184 



- 182 


trifasciata - 

- 181 


- 175 



- 175 


variegata - 

- 180 



- 184 


virginica - 

- 175 



- 176 



- 179 


Cicindelidai - 

- 175 




acuducta - 

- 214 


americana - 

- 213 


bipuatulata - 

- 213 



- 213 



- 212 



- 213 

Index to Volume Four. 







- 186 


- 191 



platyeollig - 

- 189 


- 189 

globulosa - 


pubescens - 

- 186 


- 100 

hamiorrboidais - 


purpurea - 

- 188 




juKtiilata - 

- 189 


- 212 




- 189 


- 212 




- 187 

globulosus - 

- 212 




- 186 


- 212 

pallipi ini/s- 


viridicollis - 

- 188 

humeralia - 

- 212 




- 189 


- 215 

jut in ila 



- 371 

pallipennis - 

. 215 





- 212 




- 373 


- 215 

rostral n 




- 212 

rufcscciis - 


Lccontei - 

- 186 


- 212 




rostintus - 

- 212 

str.ato-puuctata - 


allcrnaus - 

- 426 

terminatus - 

- 212 

sulci] ro its - 


anibiguus - 

- 428 


- 212 



carinatus - 

- 426 




chalybaous - 

- 424 


- 448 



- 424 


- 448 




- 425 

Clairvillei - 

- 448 


. 197 


- 423 


- 448 




- 426 


- 449 




- 427 

obscurior - 

- 451 


' ':lL, r atllS - 

- 430 


- 449 




- 410 

ruscarius - 

- 449 

pennsylvanicus - 



- 426 


- 449 

Cdrtonoti s 

pcunis - 

- 421 




/. ortardi - 

- 431 

fill V IIS 

- 415 

carinatus - 


euros - 

- 429 


- 414 




- 429 

l\ ml niiti us 

- 468 




- 427 


- 197 

ruliinamis - 


planicollis - 

- 427 


C ycli ins 


- 437 

zabroides - 

- 371 

Andrewsii - 


])urj)iiratus - 

- 425 


- 416 



quadratus - 

- 422 


- 376 

ill vatus 



- 430 


Leonard] - 



- 426 


- 388 




- 430 


- 389 



splendens - 

- 423 


- 388 



teter - 

- 431 


- 388 



- 425 

terminatus - 

- 387 

americana - 


1 )imiiu:s 

testaceus - 

- 387 




- 432 





- 440 


- 347 

cribricollifl - 



- 418 


- 351 



1 'i < /minis 


- 338 



Lccontei - 

- 210 

americana - 

- 350 

lal collifl 


I > It O. Mil S 

a n i> ii si ut a - 

- 365 



aim ricanus 

- 191 


- 370 

l i dula 


11 Jill- 111 is 

- L94 

n/riiiiii ilia - 

- 404 

marginata - 



- 19] 


- 403 




- 190 


- 365 



cordicollii - 

- 190 

Brevoorti - 

- 359 

pic ■< i 


gemmatoi - 

- 210 

eorbonaria - 

- 335 

Index to Volume Four. 


caudicalis - 

- 336 


- 33? 


- 231 


- 343 

communis - 

- 362 


- 341 

coustricta - 

- 344 


- 3 37 




- 336 


- 224 

decent is 

- 220 


- 223 


- 370 


- 221 


- 339 


- 231 


- 223 


- 370 


- 351 


- 370 

heros - 

- 350 


- 370 

hypolithus - 

- 370 


- 217 


- 362 


- 345 

interfector - 

- 351 


- 351 

lixa - 

- 346 

lucid ul a - 

- 340 


- 335 


- 231 


- 309 


- 352 


- 370 

monedula - 

- 370 


- 355 


- 335 

musculis - 

- 366 


- 335 

mu tans 

- 227 


- 359 


- 335 

obi c Lira 

- 353 


- 3.31 

ochropeza - 

- 409 

8-puncta - 

- 224 


- 348 

ovipennia - 

- 3 W: 


- 230 

par mat a - 


patruelis - 


permunda - 

- 3 .. 


- 370 


- 227 















substriata - 


terterice - 


tcrminata - 







americana - 


cordicollis - 




Lecontei - 

longicollis - 

arenarius - 

atrimedius - 


congener - 

cordicollis - 


neglectus - 

rufescens - 


Geoimm b 



elongatua - 

E - 

'tides - 




Harpalicns - 

- 371 



- 376 





- 388 



- 379 


aniputatus - 

- 397 


.nil is - 

- 397 



- 396 



- 379 



- 417 



. 395 

3 12 


- 395 



- 381 



- 385 



- 395 



- 389 



. 376 



- 400 



- 397 


erythropus - 

- 396 



- 396 


femoratus - 

- 376 


foveicollis - 

- 399 



- 402 


herbivagus - 

- 398 



- 405 



- 370 


- 376 



- 389 



- 417 



- 380 


longicollis - 

- 396 



- 417 



- 417 



. 3 



- 380 


- 381 


[is - 

- 397 


iriiims - 

- 401 



- 397 






- 376 


ochropus - 

- 417 


- 417 

paradoxus - 

- 416 


pennsj Ivanicua 

- 395 

pleuriticus - 

- 399 


proximus - 

- 398 


- 397 


rufimanus - 

- 402 


- 38 ! 



- 376 


1 cena - 

- 396 

Si epl 

- 397 

:.' 1 6 

%8 - 

- 389 



■ 387 

Index to Volume Four. 




testaccus - 

- 387 


- 195 


- 455 

yaricornia - 

- 401 



- 458 


- 399 

IcBvigata - 

- 453 


- 462 


- 397 


- 468 


- 467 

vulpeculus - 

- 397 

semistrata - 

- 474 

honcstus - 

- 464 



- 454 

pygmrcua - 

- 206 


- 185 


- 473 




- 456 

Clairvillei - 

- 208 


- 462 


- 466 

laticornis - 

- 208 

decipiens - 

- 4C2 


- 468 

nigripennia - 

- 208 

frontalis • 

- 462 


- 473 


- 206 


- 462 


- 468 



- 462 

oppositus - 

- 462 

castanipes - 


- 447 


patruelis - 

- 459 


pilicornia - 

- 439 

perspicuua - 

- 466 

e.xcruciaiis - 

- 210 



- 465 



- 342 


- 461 

liKvigatum - 

- 453 


- 311 


- 456 


- 441 


- 341 


- 467 


scrutator - 

- 342 


- 463 


- 357 

tartaricus - 

- 341 

postremus - 

- 476 


- 358 



- 4 5 4 

terrestria - 

- 358 


- 175 


- 462 


virginica - 

- 175 


- 460 

pubescens - 

- 416 


- 343 

rupestris - 

- 465 




- 4 6 5 


- 195 


- 216 

salebratus - 

- 453 


- 195 


- 216 

scopulinus - 

- 466 

anal is 

- 194 


- 216 


- 474 


- 194 

py<zma>us - 

- 209 


- 473 

atriventris - 

- 193 

Mt as 


eubajneus - 

- 457 


- 194 

coracinus - 

- 355 


- 465 


- 193 


- 355 


- 463 


- 194 


- 355 

tetracolus - 

- 465 


- 195 



- 460 


- 194 


- 447 


- 466 

concinaa - 

- 192 


- 457 


- 463 


- 195 


umbratus - 

- 458 


- 193 


- 419 

Tariegatus - 

- 45D 


- 191 

9-striatus - 

- 450 

versicolor - 

- 462 

grand is 

- 192 

porrectua - 

- 450 

viridicollia - 

- 459 


- 195 


- 450 

marginella - 

- 208 


coxendix - 

- 452 

nigripennia - 

- 195 

a?neicollis - 

- 459 

liitidulum - 

- 452 


- 194 


. 46:2 


platycolHs - 

- 189 


- 453 


- 370 

pleuritica - 

- 193 


- 455 


- 230 

pnlcheOa - 

- 19! 

- 451 

]>armatua - 

- 230 


- 195 

biniacu atua 

- 466 


4-vittata - 

- 195 


- 4'; i 

oriuonium - 

- 335 


. 308 


- 455 


■eapnlarifl - 




- 191 

- 195 

- 19\! 

- 193 

- 195 

contractus - 
decipiens - 

- 473 

- 469 

- 462 

- 457 

- 462 

itam - 

/. e nt a 



- 447 

- 447 

- 117 

- 447 

- 1 17 

Index to Volume Four. 




tesselatum - 

- 447 




- 211 

Omus - 

- 184 




- 211 




Scar Hides 

- 210 

amaroides - 

- 431 




- 447 


- 431 




- 432 




- 39:i 


- 332 



Beauvosii - 

- 416 


- 432 

ca3tanipe8 - 



- 395 


- 431 



elliptical - 

- 394 

14-etriatus - 

- 431 



fossulntus - 

- 416 




gagatiims - 

- 390 

femoratus - 

• 376 



grananua - 

- 394 


- 397 



impressus ■ 

- 38!) 


. 417 




- 339 


- 439 




- 38li 





- 390 

crucigerus - 

- 439 



- 39 1 


- 439 



parnllelus - 

- 390 


- 439 



- 393 




planipeunis - 

- 394 

calignosus - 

- 395 

americana - 


productus - 

- 390 




pulicarias - 

- 391 


- 211 

impunctata - 


Btigmosus - 

- 389 

depressus - 

- 211 


tenebrosus - 

- 391 

elongatus - 

- 211 




- 393 


- 211 



- 392 

marginams - 

- 211 




- 392 


- 211 




obsoletus - 

- 211 




- 227 


- 211 



- 216 


- 211 




- 440 


. 211 





- 211 




- 444 


- 211 



Brevoorti - 

- 443 


- 212 



Le Coutei - 

- 442 


- 417 



niagarenais - 

- 442 



niiidicollia - 

- 443 


- 216 

larval is 



- 441 

angicollis - 

- 369 




- 185 

longicornia - 


- 21G 






- 359 




- 378 


- 359 






- 3. 59 





- 469 



- 401 


a (finis 



- 409 


- 341 




- 406 


denticollis - 


c'liiijunclus - 

- 410 


- 375 

depressus - 

21 1 


- 409 


diatinctua - 



- 4o:» 

erythropus - 

- 231 

Ephia!te3 - 


ful i^ritiosu.8 - 

- 4IH 


- 231 




- 410 





fatcipennu - 

- 410 

angustatus - 

'. 220 




- 410 

erythrapu3 - 

- 220 

i|>i tdricepa • 


ochropezu3 - 

- 409 



- 356 




- 41(1 




- 410 

Index to Volume Four. 





- 417 


- 470 


- 469 

or - 

- 410 


- 468 

Tar us 

- 1 :ij 





caudicalis ■ 

- 336 


- 474 


- M97 


- 336 

flavicandus - 

- 47 1 


- 216 

erandicepa - 

- 33G 

granarius - 

- 470 


- 413 

fuctaoBiia - 

- 33G 


- 460 

ZV< ch 's 


- 336 

inornatus - 

- 471 

conjuncfus - 

- 410 


- 370 

IffiVUS - 

- 172 


. 4fl7 

piinilis t - 

- 370 


- 469 

partiarioa - 

- 112 



- 171 


- 406 

faber - 

- 353 


- 468 


- 404 

morio - 

- 355 

nigricepa - 

- 474 


- 404 


- 354 


- 470 

til.ia is 

- 405 


- 353 


- 471 



- 353 

proximua - 

- 471 

angustata - 

- 365 


- 371 

pulchellus - 

- .170 


- 365 



- 475 

indiatincta - 

- 365 


- 350 


- 471 


- 184 


- 451 

s < • i ] 1 1 a x 

- 472 




- 469 


- 210 


- 470 


- 472 

corruscua - 

- 472 

vivax - 

- 468 


Few the genera and species of Geodephagous Coleoptera contained in Dr. Lo 

Conte's paper — {see below.) 




Melanthese - 




Anser - 



Apus - 


Pentagonia - 

Bullia - 


Picus - 









Pleea - 




Chamaelirion - 



CholcliicesB - 






Conus - - - 



Cyprasa - 


























Xerophylluin ■ 

Melanthacece - 











Page 178, line penultimate, for 1 read 2. 
" 180, " 11, for Soc. read Sc. 
" 183, " 12, " subnea read subaenea. 
" 189, " 15, " piceus read picea. 
" 195, " 25, " 21 read 2. 
" 197, " 20, before Thyreopterus, add Tetragonoderus Dej. 1 Lecontei Dej. 

Sp. gen. Habitat in provinsiis australibus minas frequens. 
" 209, " 29, for pygmseus read pygmcea. 
" 341, " 19, " incurvutce read incurvatee. 
" 354, " ult. add striis. 

" 376, " 16, and 17, for femoratus and serieeus read femorata and sericea. 
" 401, " 15, for imprcssionbus read impressionibus. 




Annals Dye ffal Sisi 

, d*L . 

jdnnaUf Ijk Air/ ffCH f'ul IV 


Geo. N Lawrence, Del. 

O & W £■*,.<*// luJt X York. 

Pious Lecontei. Jones. 

Annals Lvc Ma t Uist Vol IV 

IT. .Will 





\ ( 


Aimalf- tisi Vol IV 

-. . d«L . 

3 5185 00257 82 



'■■ ■ E 








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. #• 

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• * i 

• * 

• ••-.'XI 
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. V*